Chapter

Statistical Appendix

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
Published Date:
October 2011
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Unless otherwise noted, data and projections presented in this Regional Economic Outlook are IMF staff estimates as of September 16, 2011, consistent with the projections underlying the September 2011 World Economic Outlook.

The data and projections cover the 44 countries of the IMF’s African Department. Data definitions follow established international statistical methodologies to the extent possible. However, in some cases data limitations limit comparability across countries.

Country groupings

As in previous Regional Economic Outlooks, countries are aggregated into four nonoverlapping groups: oil exporters and middle-income, low-income, and fragile countries (see the statistical tables). The membership of these groups has changed slightly in this edition to reflect the most recent data on per capita gross national income (averaged over three years) and the 2010 IDA Resource Allocation Index (IRAI).

  • The seven oil exporters are countries where net oil exports make up 30 percent or more of total exports. Except for Angola and Nigeria, they belong to the Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC). Oil exporters are classified as such even if they would otherwise qualify for another group.

  • The 11 middle-income countries not classified as oil exporters or fragile countries had average per capita gross national income in the years 2008-10 of more than US$992.70 (World Bank using the Atlas method).

  • The 14 low-income countries not classified as oil exporters or fragile countries had average per capita gross national income in the years 2008-10 equal to or lower than US$992.70 (World Bank, Atlas method) and IRAI scores higher than 3.2.

  • The 12 fragile countries not classified as oil exporters had IRAI scores of 3.2 or less.

No changes have been made to the classification of countries as resource-rich (oil or non-oil) in Table SA MN 1. Non-resource-rich countries are further classified by whether they are coastal or landlocked.

Table SA MN 2 shows the membership of SSA countries in the major regional cooperation bodies: CFA franc zone, comprising the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) and CEMAC; East Africa Community (EAC-5); Southern African Development Community (SADC); Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA); and Southern Africa Customs Union (SACU).

Unless otherwise noted, group aggregates exclude data for Zimbabwe because of data limitations. EAC-5 aggregates include data for Rwanda and Burundi, which joined the group only in 2007.

Methods of aggregation

In Tables SA1-4, SA7-8, SA14, SA16, and SA23-SA24, country group composites are calculated as the arithmetic average of data for individual countries, weighted by GDP valued at purchasing power parity as a share of total group GDP. The source of purchasing power parity weights is the World Economic Outlook (WEO) database.

In Tables SA9-SA13, SA17-22, and SA25-27, country group composites are calculated as the arithmetic average of data for individual countries, weighted by GDP in U.S. dollars at market exchange rates as a share of total group GDP.

In Tables SA5-6 and SA15, country group composites are calculated as the geometric average of data for individual countries, weighted by GDP valued at purchasing power parity as a share of total group GDP. The source of purchasing power parity weights is the WEO database.

Table SA MN 1.Sub-Saharan Africa: Country Groupings
Resource-RichNon-Resource-Rich
OilNon-oilCoastalLandlocked
AngolaBotswanaBenin*Burkina Faso*
Cameroon*Côte d’lvoireCape VerdeBurundi*
ChadGuineaComorosCentral African Republic*
Congo, Rep. ofNamibiaEritreaCongo, Dem. Rep. of*
GabonSierra Leone*Gambia, The*Ethiopia*
Equatorial GuineaZambia*Ghana*Lesotho
NigeriaGuinea-Bissau*Malawi*
Liberia*Mali*
KenyaNiger*
Madagascar*Rwanda*
MauritiusSwaziland
Mozambique*Uganda*
São Tomé & Príncipe*Zimbabwe
Senegal*
Seychelles
South Africa
Tanzania*
Togo*
Note: *Country has reached the completion point under the enhanced HIPC Initiative and has qualified for MDRI relief.
Table SA MN 2.Sub-Saharan Africa: Member Countries of Regional Groupings
West African

Economic and

Monetary Union

(WAEMU)
Economic and

Monetary Community

of Central African

States (CEMAC)
Common Market for

Eastern and Southern

Africa (COMESA)
East Africa

Community

(EAC-5)
Southern African

Development

Community (SADC)
Southern

Africa Customs

Union (SACU)
BeninCameroonBurundiBurundiAngolaBotswana
Burkina FasoCentral AfricanComorosKenyaBotswanaLesotho
Côte d’lvoireRepublicCongo, Dem.RwandaCongo, Dem.Namibia
Guinea-BissauChadRep. ofTanzaniaRep. ofSouth Africa
MaliCongo, Rep. ofEritreaUgandaLesothoSwaziland
NigerEquatorial GuineaEthiopiaMadagascar
SenegalGabonKenyaMalawi
TogoMadagascarMauritius
MalawiMozambique
MauritiusNamibia
RwandaSeychelles
SeychellesSouth Africa
SwazilandSwaziland
UgandaTanzania
ZambiaZambia
ZimbabweZimbabwe
Table SA1.Real GDP Growth(Percent)
2004-08200420052006200720082009201020112012
Oil-exporting countries8.611.27.57.69.57.15.27.05.97.0
Excluding Nigeria11.012.310.99.913.48.82.44.34.27.7
Angola17.811.220.620.722.613.82.43.43.710.8
Cameroon3.03.72.33.23.42.62.03.23.84.5
Chad8.733.67.90.20.21.7-1.213.02.56.9
Congo, Rep. of4.33.57.86.2-1.65.67.58.85.07.0
Equatorial Guinea16.238.09.71.321.410.75.7-0.87.14.0
Gabon2.71.43.01.25.62.3-1.45.75.63.3
Nigeria7.010.65.46.27.06.07.08.76.96.6
Middle-income countries5.04.95.05.55.64.0-0.93.64.64.1
Excluding South Africa5.35.94.15.25.65.51.56.18.25.6
Botswana4.16.01.65.14.83.0-4.97.26.25.3
Cape Verde7.24.36.510.18.66.23.75.45.66.4
Ghana6.55.36.06.16.58.44.07.713.57.3
Lesotho3.82.43.04.74.54.23.13.65.15.1
Mauritius4.75.51.54.95.85.53.04.24.24.1
Namibia6.312.32.57.15.44.3-0.74.83.64.2
Senegal4.45.95.62.45.03.22.24.24.04.5
Seychelles3.7-2.96.76.49.6-1.30.76.25.04.4
South Africa4.94.65.35.65.63.6-1.72.83.43.6
Swaziland2.62.32.22.92.83.11.22.0-2.10.6
Zambia5.85.45.36.26.25.76.47.66.76.7
Low-income countries6.45.86.76.66.76.35.05.75.06.7
Excluding fragile countries7.36.67.67.77.67.15.56.25.96.7
Benin3.93.12.93.84.65.02.72.63.84.3
Burkina Faso5.54.58.75.53.65.23.27.94.95.6
Ethiopia11.811.712.611.511.811.210.08.07.55.5
Gambia, The4.67.00.33.46.06.36.76.15.55.5
Kenya5.14.66.06.37.01.52.65.65.36.1
Madagascar5.75.34.65.06.27.1-3.70.61.04.7
Malawi5.65.52.62.19.58.39.06.54.64.2
Mali4.62.36.15.34.35.04.55.85.35.5
Mozambique7.87.98.48.77.36.86.36.87.27.5
Niger5.2-0.88.45.83.19.6-0.98.05.512.5
Rwanda8.67.49.49.25.511.24.17.57.06.8
Sierra Leone6.87.47.27.36.45.53.25.05.151.4
Tanzania7.37.87.47.06.97.36.76.46.16.1
Uganda8.26.86.310.88.48.77.25.26.45.5
Fragile countries3.12.93.52.63.13.32.93.81.26.6
Including Zimbabwe3.12.93.52.63.13.32.93.81.26.6
Burundi3.84.80.95.13.64.53.53.94.24.8
Central African Republic2.61.02.43.83.72.01.73.34.15.0
Comoros1.3-0.24.21.20.51.01.82.12.23.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. of6.56.67.85.66.36.22.87.26.56.0
Côte d’Ivoire1.61.61.90.71.62.33.82.4-5.88.5
Eritrea-1.11.52.6-1.01.4-9.83.92.28.26.3
Guinea2.92.33.02.51.84.9-0.31.94.04.2
Guinea-Bissau3.12.84.32.13.23.23.03.54.84.7
Liberia6.42.65.37.89.47.14.65.66.99.4
São Tomé & Príncipe6.16.65.76.76.05.84.04.55.06.0
Togo2.42.11.24.12.32.43.23.73.84.4
Zimbabwe1-6.8-6.9-2.2-3.5-3.7-17.76.09.06.03.1
Sub-Saharan Africa6.57.16.26.57.25.72.75.45.25.8
Median5.24.75.35.25.55.13.25.15.05.5
Including Zimbabwe6.57.16.26.57.25.72.75.45.25.8
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa7.47.47.27.28.36.83.75.45.46.8
Oil-importing countries5.55.25.65.96.04.91.54.54.85.2
Excluding South Africa6.15.86.06.36.46.14.15.85.86.4
CFA franc zone4.97.74.92.94.64.22.74.83.35.7
WAEMU3.72.94.73.23.44.22.94.61.96.6
CEMAC6.112.65.12.55.94.32.45.14.74.9
EAC-56.76.36.67.77.15.75.15.85.96.0
SADC6.55.76.67.27.75.4-0.13.63.95.0
SACU4.94.85.05.65.53.6-1.73.13.53.6
COMESA7.36.87.27.78.16.85.35.95.85.4
Resource-intensive countries7.810.26.77.08.66.64.56.75.37.3
Oil8.611.27.57.69.57.15.27.05.97.0
Non-oil resource-intensive countries3.44.72.33.53.43.30.14.21.19.5
Non-resource-intensive countries5.85.36.06.26.35.11.64.55.14.8
Coastal Non-resource-intensive countries5.24.95.45.75.84.20.23.84.74.5
Landlocked Non-resource-intensive countries8.06.98.48.37.98.56.56.86.25.8
MDRI6.76.26.96.86.67.35.16.26.76.5
Fixed exchange rate regimes4.87.64.73.14.64.02.54.73.35.6
Floating exchange rate6.97.06.67.27.76.02.85.55.55.9
Sources: IMF, African Department database, September 16, 2011; and IMF, World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, September 16, 2011.
Table SA2.Real Non-Oil GDP Growth(Percent)
2004-08200420052006200720082009201020112012
Oil-exporting countries10.711.38.311.413.29.58.07.97.57.5
Excluding Nigeria12.18.010.314.317.710.47.57.17.17.6
Angola17.19.014.123.224.415.08.17.67.710.4
Cameroon3.64.93.22.94.03.12.94.04.44.0
Chad4.82.111.04.73.13.00.015.03.66.0
Congo, Rep. of5.75.05.45.96.65.43.96.57.47.8
Equatorial Guinea29.328.422.829.847.218.127.65.412.65.0
Gabon4.22.34.34.96.23.4-0.56.26.74.4
Nigeria9.813.37.09.610.18.98.38.47.87.4
Middle-income countries5.04.95.05.55.64.0-0.93.63.84.0
Excluding South Africa5.35.94.15.25.65.51.56.15.25.3
Botswana4.16.01.65.14.83.0-4.97.26.25.3
Cape Verde7.24.36.510.18.66.23.75.45.66.4
Ghana6.55.36.06.16.58.44.07.76.56.5
Lesotho3.82.43.04.74.54.23.13.65.15.1
Mauritius4.75.51.54.95.85.53.04.24.24.1
Namibia6.312.32.57.15.44.3-0.74.83.64.2
Senegal4.45.95.62.45.03.22.24.24.04.5
Seychelles3.7-2.96.76.49.6-1.30.76.25.04.4
South Africa4.94.65.35.65.63.6-1.72.83.43.6
Swaziland2.62.32.22.92.83.11.22.0-2.10.6
Zambia5.85.45.36.26.25.76.47.66.76.7
Low-income countries6.45.86.66.66.76.45.05.75.06.5
Excluding fragile countries7.36.67.67.77.67.15.56.15.96.5
Benin3.93.12.93.84.65.02.72.63.84.3
Burkina Faso5.54.58.75.53.65.23.27.94.95.6
Ethiopia11.811.712.611.511.811.210.08.07.55.5
Gambia, The4.67.00.33.46.06.36.76.15.55.5
Kenya5.14.66.06.37.01.52.65.65.36.1
Madagascar5.75.34.65.06.27.1-3.7-2.00.64.7
Malawi5.65.52.62.19.58.39.06.54.64.2
Mali4.62.36.15.34.35.04.55.85.35.5
Mozambique7.87.98.48.77.36.86.36.67.27.5
Niger5.2-0.88.45.83.19.6-0.98.05.55.1
Rwanda8.67.49.49.25.511.24.17.57.06.8
Sierra Leone6.87.47.27.36.45.53.25.05.151.4
Tanzania7.37.87.47.06.97.36.76.46.16.1
Uganda8.26.86.310.88.48.77.25.26.45.5
Fragile countries3.02.93.22.43.33.32.94.01.26.6
Including Zimbabwe3.02.93.22.43.33.32.94.01.26.6
Burundi3.84.80.95.13.64.53.53.94.24.8
Central African Republic2.61.02.43.83.72.01.73.34.15.0
Comoros1.3-0.24.21.20.51.01.82.12.23.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. of6.56.67.85.66.36.22.87.26.56.0
Côte d’Ivoire1.51.61.30.02.12.53.72.8-5.98.5
Eritrea-1.11.52.6-1.01.4-9.83.92.28.26.3
Guinea2.92.33.02.51.84.9-0.31.94.04.2
Guinea-Bissau3.12.84.32.13.23.23.03.54.84.7
Liberia6.42.65.37.89.47.14.65.66.99.4
São Tomé & Príncipe6.16.65.76.76.05.84.04.55.06.0
Togo2.42.11.24.12.32.43.23.73.84.4
Zimbabwe1-6.8-6.9-2.2-3.5-3.7-17.76.09.06.03.1
Sub-Saharan Africa7.27.26.57.78.46.43.75.65.45.9
Median5.34.85.45.45.75.13.25.45.15.4
Including Zimbabwe7.27.26.57.78.46.43.75.65.45.9
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa7.76.47.08.39.57.35.06.15.66.6
Oil-importing countries5.55.25.65.96.04.91.54.54.35.1
Excluding South Africa6.15.85.96.26.46.14.15.85.16.2
CFA franc zone6.05.16.25.57.85.24.85.64.35.5
WAEMU3.62.94.53.03.54.22.94.71.85.9
CEMAC8.37.47.98.112.26.26.86.56.65.1
EAC-56.76.36.67.77.15.75.15.85.96.0
SADC6.55.56.07.57.95.60.64.14.45.0
SACU4.94.85.05.65.53.6-1.73.13.53.6
COMESA7.36.87.27.78.16.85.35.75.85.4
Resource-intensive countries9.610.37.310.111.78.66.97.46.77.8
Oil10.711.38.311.413.29.58.07.97.57.5
Non-oil resource-intensive countries3.44.72.03.23.63.30.14.41.19.5
Non-resource-intensive countries5.85.36.06.26.35.11.64.54.64.7
Coastal Non-resource-intensive countries5.24.95.45.75.84.20.23.84.14.4
Landlocked Non-resource-intensive countries8.06.98.48.37.98.56.56.86.25.4
MDRI6.86.46.96.76.97.35.16.15.96.3
Fixed exchange rate regimes5.85.35.85.47.54.94.45.44.25.4
Floating exchange rate7.57.66.68.18.56.73.55.75.76.0
Sources: IMF, African Department database, September 16, 2011; and IMF, World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, September 16, 2011.
Table SA3.Real Per Capita GDP Growth(Percent)
2004-08200420052006200720082009201020112012
Oil-exporting countries5.78.24.64.76.64.32.44.23.14.1
Excluding Nigeria8.19.37.96.910.46.0-0.21.61.54.9
Angola14.68.017.217.419.310.9-0.20.40.77.6
Cameroon0.20.9-0.50.40.6-0.2-0.80.71.32.0
Chad6.130.45.3-2.3-2.3-0.8-3.610.30.04.3
Congo, Rep. of1.40.64.73.2-4.42.64.45.72.03.9
Equatorial Guinea12.934.16.7-1.618.07.62.8-3.64.11.1
Gabon0.4-1.10.5-1.33.00.8-2.84.24.11.8
Nigeria4.27.62.63.44.13.14.15.84.03.7
Middle-income countries3.63.63.94.23.52.7-2.22.43.22.7
Excluding South Africa3.34.02.23.33.63.5-0.44.36.33.8
Botswana3.04.80.84.33.51.8-6.05.95.04.1
Cape Verde5.62.64.98.57.14.72.33.94.15.0
Ghana3.82.73.43.53.85.71.45.010.74.6
Lesotho1.80.11.22.82.62.41.31.83.33.2
Mauritius3.94.60.74.14.85.22.53.73.63.5
Namibia4.410.40.75.23.52.4-2.53.92.73.3
Senegal2.03.43.20.02.50.8-0.21.81.62.0
Seychelles2.7-2.56.24.29.0-3.40.35.03.83.2
South Africa3.63.54.34.53.42.4-2.81.82.22.3
Swaziland1.61.71.31.71.61.6-0.32.4-1.71.0
Zambia3.33.13.03.73.63.13.85.04.14.2
Low-income countries3.72.94.13.93.93.62.33.02.33.9
Excluding fragile countries4.64.05.04.94.84.42.83.53.24.0
Benin0.8-0.2-0.40.91.82.2-0.1-0.20.91.4
Burkina Faso2.91.36.13.11.22.80.85.52.53.3
Ethiopia8.98.99.88.78.98.37.25.55.03.0
Gambia, The1.03.4-3.2-0.22.42.73.12.62.02.0
Kenya2.42.64.03.23.9-1.4-0.42.52.33.1
Madagascar2.82.41.82.23.44.3-6.2-2.0-1.62.1
Malawi3.03.30.5-0.86.55.46.03.51.71.3
Mali2.1-0.23.62.81.92.52.02.82.22.4
Mozambique5.75.86.36.65.24.74.24.75.15.4
Niger2.1-3.85.22.60.06.3-3.94.72.39.1
Rwanda6.65.97.57.33.38.92.05.34.84.6
Sierra Leone3.43.13.43.93.52.90.72.32.447.6
Tanzania5.15.55.15.14.95.24.64.44.04.0
Uganda4.73.42.97.24.95.23.51.52.71.8
Fragile countries0.1-0.70.8-0.10.30.40.00.9-1.63.6
Including Zimbabwe-0.3-1.30.5-0.40.0-0.50.31.4-1.13.6
Burundi1.82.8-1.13.11.52.51.41.82.22.7
Central African Republic0.6-1.00.41.81.70.0-1.90.81.52.4
Comoros-0.7-2.32.1-0.8-1.6-1.1-0.30.00.11.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. of3.43.54.72.53.23.1-0.24.13.42.9
Côte d’lvoire-1.7-3.3-0.8-2.2-1.4-0.70.7-0.6-8.65.3
Eritrea-4.5-2.6-1.2-4.3-1.9-12.60.7-0.94.93.2
Guinea0.80.41.00.4-0.42.6-2.7-0.51.41.7
Guinea-Bissau0.80.31.8-0.20.91.00.71.22.52.5
Liberia2.70.82.43.74.41.9-0.21.33.26.0
São Tomé & Príncipe4.55.04.15.14.44.22.32.73.13.9
Togo-0.2-0.5-1.41.5-0.2-0.10.71.11.31.8
Zimbabwe1-7.3-7.9-3.3-3.4-3.9-18.26.09.06.03.1
Sub-Saharan Africa4.34.94.14.34.63.40.63.22.93.5
Median2.82.62.72.93.32.60.72.62.53.1
Including Zimbabwe4.24.94.14.34.63.40.63.22.93.5
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa4.74.64.64.55.54.11.12.92.94.1
Oil-importing countries3.53.33.94.03.62.9-0.42.62.83.2
Excluding South Africa3.53.13.53.63.73.41.63.43.43.9
CFA franc zone2.14.52.20.21.91.60.02.20.73.1
WAEMU0.8-0.62.00.50.71.50.31.8-0.83.7
CEMAC3.39.62.4-0.23.11.7-0.22.62.22.4
EAC-54.03.84.24.94.32.92.33.03.13.2
SADC4.84.15.15.65.43.7-1.62.12.33.4
SACU3.63.74.04.53.42.4-2.92.02.32.4
COMESA4.43.94.54.75.03.62.63.43.22.8
Resource-intensive countries5.07.23.94.25.83.81.83.92.64.5
Oil5.78.24.64.76.64.32.44.23.14.1
Non-oil resource-intensive countries1.11.70.31.41.21.1-2.12.2-0.97.3
Non-resource-intensive countries3.83.54.34.33.83.2-0.22.73.12.9
Coastal Non-resource-intensive countries3.53.44.04.13.62.6-1.42.33.02.8
Landlocked Non-resource-intensive countries4.83.65.35.24.85.13.74.23.53.0
MDRI4.03.54.14.13.94.52.43.64.13.9
Fixed exchange rate regimes2.14.52.00.52.01.5-0.12.20.93.1
Floating exchange rate4.75.04.65.15.13.80.73.33.33.6
Sources: IMF, African Department database, September 16, 2011; and IMF, World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, September 16, 2011.
Table SA4.Real Per Capita GDP(U.S. dollars, at 2000 prices, using 2000 exchange rates)
2004-08200420052006200720082009201020112012
Oil-exporting countries681625649676715743761793818851
Excluding Nigeria9178048569059831,0341,0321,0461,0631,110
Angola9927088299741,1621,2881,2851,2901,2991,397
Cameroon679679675678682681675679688702
Chad298293308301294292281310310323
Congo, Rep. of1,1701,1201,1731,2111,1581,1881,2411,3121,3381,391
Equatorial Guinea3,9233,4493,6793,6204,2724,5964,7224,5554,7404,792
Gabon4,0704,0304,0513,9984,1184,1524,0344,2054,3764,456
Nigeria596559574593617637663702730757
Middle-income countries2,0831,9502,0142,0902,1592,2032,1432,1812,2322,280
Excluding South Africa799761773796821843837867906935
Botswana4,3904,1794,2114,3914,5444,6244,3444,6024,8325,028
Cape Verde1,5881,3981,4661,5911,7041,7841,8251,8971,9742,073
Ghana472438452468486514521547606633
Lesotho407391396406417427433440455470
Mauritius4,6854,4134,4444,6254,8465,0985,2265,4185,6125,806
Namibia2,6682,5242,5422,6742,7682,8342,7632,8712,9493,047
Senegal508490506506518523522531539550
Seychelles7,4676,7427,1597,4568,1287,8497,8718,2648,5828,857
South Africa3,5533,2813,4223,5763,6993,7883,6833,7483,8293,919
Swaziland1,5231,4771,4971,5231,5461,5701,5661,6031,5771,593
Zambia364341351364377389404424441460
Low-income countries260242250259269277283291297308
Excluding fragile countries280255268280293305313324334348
Benin350345343347353360360359362368
Burkina Faso278258273282285293296312320330
Ethiopia161134147160174189203214224231
Gambia, The501507491490502516532545556567
Kenya441414430444461454453464475489
Madagascar241229233239247257241237233238
Malawi147141142141150158168174177179
Mali314296307315321329336345353361
Mozambique346307327348366383400419440464
Niger178166174179179190183192196214
Rwanda298261280301311339345364381399
Sierra Leone249232240249258265267273280413
Tanzania377341358376394415434453471490
Uganda320290299320336353366371381388
Fragile countries208207208208208209209211206214
Including Zimbabwe
Burundi109107105109110113115117119123
Central African Republic218214215218222222218220223228
Comoros381380388385379374373373374379
Congo, Dem. Rep. of8983878992959599102105
Côte d’lvoire541555551539531528532529483509
Eritrea167179177169166145146145152157
Guinea391385389391389399389386392399
Guinea-Bissau267262267266269271274277284291
Liberia127119122126132134134136140148
São Tomé & Príncipe721660686721753784802824849882
Togo226227223227226226227230233237
Zimbabwe
Sub-Saharan Africa635594613634659676674691706727
Median392383389388392407416429447467
Including Zimbabwe
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa380351364378396410413424434451
Oil-importing countries618582600619639652642653665680
Excluding South Africa322302311321332343346357366379
CFA franc zone497485494495503509509518520535
WAEMU363355361362364369370376370384
CEMAC805781797797818831828844862881
EAC-5358329342359375386396408421434
SADC1,0299519871,0291,0741,1021,0751,0901,1071,133
SACU3,3703,1223,2463,3893,5063,5883,4843,5533,6343,722
COMESA244225233244255264269277285292
Resource-intensive countries677629649672704728740768787821
Oil681625649676715743761793818851
Non-oil resource-intensive countries659648649658665672661674669706
Non-resource-intensive countries622583602623645659649660674688
Coastal Non-resource-intensive countries1,1201,0501,0851,1231,1611,1821,1561,1741,1991,224
Landlocked Non-resource-intensive countries189171180189198208215223230237
MDRI278258268278288300306317328341
Fixed exchange rate regimes528515523526535542540550552567
Floating exchange rate661612634660689708706724743765
Sources: IMF, African Department database, September 16, 2011; and IMF, World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, September 16, 2011.
Table SA5.Consumer Prices(Annual average, percent change)
2004-08200420052006200720082009201020112012
Oil-exporting countries10.714.614.78.05.610.411.111.49.98.9
Excluding Nigeria9.213.99.87.75.98.88.97.88.88.7
Angola20.943.623.013.312.212.513.714.515.013.9
Cameroon2.70.32.04.91.15.33.01.32.62.5
Chad1.6-4.83.78.1-7.48.310.1-2.12.05.0
Congo, Rep. of3.93.72.54.72.66.04.35.05.95.2
Equatorial Guinea4.34.25.74.52.84.37.27.57.37.0
Gabon2.10.41.2-1.45.05.31.91.42.33.4
Nigeria11.615.017.98.25.411.612.513.710.69.0
Middle-income countries6.32.74.55.47.411.87.84.86.25.4
Excluding South Africa8.97.18.38.08.412.710.26.57.16.6
Botswana9.47.08.611.67.112.68.16.97.86.2
Cape Verde2.9-1.90.44.84.46.81.02.15.04.9
Ghana13.012.615.110.210.716.519.310.78.78.7
Lesotho6.94.63.66.39.210.75.93.46.55.1
Mauritius7.44.74.98.78.69.72.52.96.75.3
Namibia5.74.12.35.16.710.48.84.55.05.6
Senegal3.20.51.72.15.95.8-1.71.23.62.5
Seychelles9.03.90.6-1.95.337.031.9-2.42.64.6
South Africa5.61.43.44.77.111.57.14.35.95.0
Swaziland6.93.44.95.28.112.77.44.58.37.8
Zambia13.718.018.39.010.712.413.48.59.17.5
Low-income countries8.96.88.97.97.613.213.96.39.811.9
Excluding fragile countries8.77.38.17.57.413.414.25.710.012.9
Benin3.90.95.43.81.38.02.22.12.83.0
Burkina Faso3.8-0.46.42.4-0.210.72.6-0.61.92.0
Ethiopia13.88.66.812.315.825.336.42.818.131.2
Gambia, The6.214.35.02.15.44.54.65.05.95.5
Kenya9.411.89.96.04.315.110.64.112.17.4
Madagascar12.514.018.410.810.49.29.09.210.38.5
Malawi11.511.415.513.98.08.78.47.48.611.5
Mali3.1-3.16.41.51.59.12.21.32.82.3
Mozambique10.212.66.413.28.210.33.312.710.87.2
Niger3.80.47.80.10.110.51.10.94.02.0
Rwanda10.912.09.18.89.115.410.32.33.96.5
Sierra Leone12.514.212.09.511.614.89.217.818.011.0
Tanzania5.84.14.45.66.38.411.810.57.09.4
Uganda6.75.08.06.66.87.314.29.46.516.9
Fragile countries9.45.111.79.38.512.312.99.19.07.2
Including Zimbabwe12.68.88.77.1
Burundi11.48.013.52.78.324.410.76.48.712.5
Central African Republic3.5-2.22.96.70.99.33.51.52.82.6
Comoros4.04.53.03.44.54.84.82.75.83.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. of14.74.021.413.216.718.046.223.514.812.5
Côte d’Ivoire3.21.53.92.51.96.31.01.43.02.5
Eritrea16.425.112.515.19.319.933.012.713.312.3
Guinea25.017.531.434.722.918.44.715.520.613.8
Guinea-Bissau4.00.83.20.74.610.4-1.61.14.62.0
Liberia9.83.66.97.213.717.57.47.38.81.6
São Tomé & Príncipe20.813.317.223.118.632.017.013.311.47.4
Togo3.80.46.82.20.98.71.93.24.02.8
Zimbabwe6.23.03.66.5
Sub-Saharan Africa8.37.58.86.96.811.710.67.58.48.3
Median6.74.26.45.86.510.47.34.46.55.5
Including Zimbabwe10.57.48.48.3
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa8.98.69.07.97.311.911.86.89.010.0
Oil-importing countries7.34.26.16.47.512.310.35.47.78.0
Excluding South Africa8.96.98.77.97.813.112.96.49.010.4
CFA franc zone3.10.43.73.11.56.82.91.83.43.3
WAEMU3.40.34.72.22.07.91.01.23.02.4
CEMAC2.80.42.74.11.05.74.72.43.84.2
EAC-57.87.87.86.15.811.411.87.28.510.2
SADC7.75.86.36.68.011.59.16.97.77.0
SACU5.81.83.65.07.111.67.24.46.05.1
COMESA10.89.010.19.29.816.019.76.211.915.8
Resource-intensive countries10.213.113.78.25.810.510.210.79.68.5
Oil10.714.614.78.05.610.411.111.49.98.9
Non-oil resource-intensive countries8.15.88.39.26.910.65.05.87.55.9
Non-resource-intensive countries7.24.05.96.17.512.510.75.47.68.2
Coastal Non-resource-intensive countries6.63.75.25.57.011.68.05.36.85.8
Landlocked Non-resource-intensive countries9.55.18.98.39.515.820.35.510.416.4
MDRI8.35.88.17.67.712.414.26.68.611.3
Fixed exchange rate regimes3.61.03.83.52.27.33.62.13.83.7
Floating exchange rate9.48.99.97.67.812.612.08.59.49.3
Sources: IMF, African Department database, September 16, 2011; and IMF, World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, September 16, 2011.
Table SA6.Consumer Prices(End of period, percent change)
2004-08200420052006200720082009201020112012
Oil-exporting countries9.610.610.17.66.712.911.610.59.38.1
Excluding Nigeria8.411.77.76.26.89.88.08.49.17.4
Angola17.331.018.512.211.813.214.015.315.011.2
Cameroon3.11.03.52.43.45.30.92.62.62.5
Chad3.29.2-3.4-0.91.79.74.7-2.24.75.0
Congo, Rep. of4.41.13.18.1-1.711.42.55.45.04.2
Equatorial Guinea4.45.13.23.83.76.28.17.57.37.0
Gabon2.3-0.51.1-0.75.95.60.90.73.53.2
Nigeria10.410.011.68.56.615.113.911.79.58.5
Middle-income countries7.14.34.76.39.110.86.64.26.25.1
Excluding South Africa9.57.38.88.49.713.27.56.57.25.9
Botswana9.97.911.38.58.113.75.87.47.25.2
Cape Verde3.5-0.31.85.83.46.7-0.43.46.14.3
Ghana13.711.814.810.912.718.116.08.69.08.5
Lesotho7.23.65.15.910.610.53.83.68.32.3
Mauritius7.35.63.911.68.66.81.56.15.84.4
Namibia6.44.33.56.07.110.97.03.15.75.5
Senegal3.51.71.43.96.24.3-3.44.32.72.3
Seychelles16.53.9-1.60.216.863.3-2.50.45.23.5
South Africa6.43.53.65.89.010.16.33.55.94.8
Swaziland7.73.27.64.89.812.94.54.512.33.0
Zambia13.417.515.98.28.916.69.97.98.96.0
Low-income countries10.17.88.58.37.118.77.26.514.37.5
Excluding fragile countries10.07.58.07.77.419.56.06.115.57.9
Benin4.42.63.75.30.39.9-2.94.02.73.0
Burkina Faso4.10.74.51.52.311.6-0.3-0.32.02.0
Ethiopia19.31.713.011.615.155.32.77.338.115.0
Gambia, The5.28.14.80.46.06.82.75.86.05.0
Kenya10.017.14.77.35.615.58.04.511.86.0
Madagascar13.627.311.510.88.210.18.010.110.56.5
Malawi11.613.716.610.17.59.97.66.311.49.4
Mali3.71.53.43.62.67.41.71.92.42.8
Mozambique9.29.111.19.410.36.24.216.68.05.6
Niger4.53.74.20.44.79.4-0.62.73.42.0
Rwanda11.410.25.612.16.622.35.70.27.55.5
Sierra Leone12.414.413.18.313.812.210.818.416.011.0
Tanzania6.24.15.06.85.89.310.77.210.95.6
Uganda7.10.910.77.24.412.512.34.215.710.0
Fragile countries10.48.910.510.66.215.612.28.49.35.5
Including Zimbabwe11.08.19.15.6
Burundi12.511.81.09.314.725.74.64.114.010.9
Central African Republic4.7-0.32.27.1-0.214.5-1.22.33.72.1
Comoros4.43.37.21.72.27.42.23.25.01.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. of17.29.221.318.210.027.653.49.816.48.5
Côte d’Ivoire3.94.42.52.01.59.0-1.75.13.02.5
Eritrea17.517.418.59.012.630.222.214.212.312.3
Guinea24.627.629.739.112.813.57.920.818.410.0
Guinea-Bissau4.62.9-1.03.29.38.7-6.45.72.72.0
Liberia9.57.57.08.914.79.49.76.66.12.2
São Tomé & Príncipe21.915.217.224.627.624.816.112.910.05.0
Togo4.93.95.51.53.410.3-2.46.94.51.4
Zimbabwe-7.73.26.56.0
Sub-Saharan Africa8.67.27.47.37.813.58.46.99.46.8
Median6.74.44.97.06.810.44.65.26.65.0
Including Zimbabwe8.46.99.46.8
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa9.58.78.47.87.515.17.47.011.57.1
Oil-importing countries8.25.76.27.18.413.86.85.19.56.1
Excluding South Africa9.97.78.68.47.817.27.16.512.47.1
CFA franc zone3.72.62.42.52.97.80.73.13.53.2
WAEMU4.02.83.02.72.98.5-1.53.52.82.4
CEMAC3.32.51.82.43.07.12.92.84.24.0
EAC-58.38.86.07.55.613.49.65.012.16.8
SADC8.16.86.27.29.110.98.46.18.05.9
SACU6.63.74.05.98.910.36.33.76.04.8
COMESA12.79.410.010.09.125.29.16.119.09.4
Resource-intensive countries9.410.39.87.86.612.710.410.19.17.7
Oil9.610.610.17.66.712.911.610.59.38.1
Non-oil resource-intensive countries8.68.48.68.76.111.33.47.87.15.2
Non-resource-intensive countries8.15.35.97.08.514.07.04.99.76.1
Coastal Non-resource-intensive countries7.35.84.86.58.510.76.74.87.05.2
Landlocked Non-resource-intensive countries11.73.610.48.88.727.18.05.019.19.3
MDRI9.55.58.87.97.717.77.66.312.97.4
Fixed exchange rate regimes4.12.92.92.93.58.31.43.34.03.4
Floating exchange rate9.68.28.48.28.714.69.97.710.57.4
Sources: IMF, African Department database, September 16, 2011; and IMF, World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, September 16, 2011.
Table SA7.Total Investment(Percent of GDP)
2004-08200420052006200720082009201020112012
Oil-exporting countries21.422.020.721.321.222.025.122.721.921.9
Excluding Nigeria18.719.616.919.318.818.922.220.519.418.9
Angola12.810.18.915.413.516.215.211.612.712.8
Cameroon16.820.416.814.315.017.516.616.718.118.1
Chad22.918.915.226.926.527.136.937.928.919.8
Congo, Rep. of20.922.520.221.621.818.322.520.523.524.2
Equatorial Guinea35.443.739.932.535.325.948.148.435.436.8
Gabon23.424.421.325.124.721.627.026.726.126.9
Nigeria23.123.323.022.622.824.027.024.123.523.8
Middle-income countries21.019.219.120.622.323.621.121.120.821.2
Excluding South Africa24.623.023.023.826.027.426.127.125.124.2
Botswana28.033.226.324.025.830.830.629.922.220.9
Cape Verde41.439.536.038.047.046.239.137.736.333.3
Ghana20.918.019.021.622.923.023.824.722.322.3
Lesotho26.626.424.425.228.228.830.328.231.731.2
Mauritius25.624.422.726.726.927.321.223.824.224.3
Namibia22.819.119.722.323.729.428.031.634.630.6
Senegal30.226.028.528.234.034.129.831.431.531.1
Seychelles31.520.535.430.529.541.536.940.340.528.9
South Africa19.918.118.019.721.222.519.619.319.420.2
Swaziland16.09.023.813.919.213.914.412.210.910.9
Zambia22.724.923.722.122.020.921.623.824.125.5
Low-income countries19.918.319.219.620.322.121.322.323.724.4
Excluding fragile countries21.619.820.921.622.123.723.023.924.925.0
Benin18.017.717.916.419.618.120.816.317.817.6
Burkina Faso18.416.220.316.418.920.216.719.017.918.3
Ethiopia24.026.523.825.222.122.422.722.325.526.2
Gambia, The20.424.221.623.818.314.018.019.517.616.2
Kenya17.614.416.917.919.119.519.421.924.725.5
Madagascar28.825.823.825.028.340.932.225.119.623.0
Malawi23.718.222.725.726.525.725.626.018.517.6
Mali17.016.515.516.916.919.020.318.420.421.6
Mozambique17.218.317.717.015.317.615.021.321.521.9
Niger23.314.623.123.622.832.333.045.938.831.7
Rwanda20.919.920.919.720.223.522.421.925.123.3
Sierra Leone14.310.817.415.213.214.814.935.157.719.4
Tanzania26.121.523.926.428.729.729.429.028.828.8
Uganda22.120.222.421.223.723.023.524.325.528.4
Fragile countries13.313.213.012.312.915.313.815.518.021.5
Including Zimbabwe
Burundi16.013.310.816.317.522.322.120.920.621.0
Central African Republic10.06.89.810.110.712.713.213.913.614.8
Comoros9.68.48.38.610.012.811.115.416.517.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. of16.112.813.813.218.222.419.427.129.334.1
Côte d’Ivoire9.710.89.79.38.710.110.29.510.813.0
Eritrea15.920.320.313.712.712.79.39.310.09.6
Guinea17.820.719.517.214.217.511.410.518.129.3
Guinea-Bissau8.27.66.66.411.78.710.19.810.410.1
Liberia
São Tomé & Príncipe48.241.881.240.050.727.345.046.257.235.7
Togo15.914.516.316.814.617.318.018.919.421.8
Zimbabwe
Sub-Saharan Africa20.819.919.620.621.422.722.522.022.022.3
Median20.819.120.321.221.222.422.122.322.322.3
Including Zimbabwe
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa20.519.619.420.420.922.222.422.722.822.9
Oil-importing countries20.618.919.120.221.523.021.221.622.022.5
Excluding South Africa21.119.620.220.721.823.422.523.524.024.3
CFA franc zone20.020.219.419.320.620.723.624.022.822.5
WAEMU17.916.217.617.018.620.319.420.320.720.9
CEMAC22.224.221.221.722.721.127.927.724.924.1
EAC-521.418.220.421.323.123.823.824.726.127.0
SADC20.218.418.120.021.223.120.520.220.020.6
SACU20.418.818.519.921.523.120.320.119.920.5
COMESA21.419.820.721.221.923.522.223.024.425.6
Resource-intensive countries20.921.620.220.620.621.724.322.421.921.7
Oil21.422.020.721.321.222.025.122.721.921.9
Non-oil resource-intensive countries18.319.817.516.817.020.419.120.221.420.3
Non-resource-intensive countries20.818.819.320.622.023.321.421.822.122.8
Coastal Non-resource-intensive countries20.718.618.920.522.123.521.221.321.321.9
Landlocked Non-resource-intensive countries21.019.620.820.721.222.522.223.524.625.5
MDRI21.720.420.821.222.323.823.123.924.424.6
Fixed exchange rate regimes20.220.119.719.420.921.123.624.123.222.7
Floating exchange rate20.919.819.620.821.523.022.321.621.722.3
Sources: IMF, African Department database, September 16, 2011; and IMF, World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, September 16, 2011.
Table SA8.Gross National Savings(Percent of GDP)
2004-08200420052006200720082009201020112012
Oil-exporting countries33.324.527.542.836.934.630.127.931.929.8
Excluding Nigeria26.317.125.332.829.726.814.320.323.621.4
Angola27.513.627.140.931.024.85.220.524.720.1
Cameroon15.817.013.415.916.416.312.913.313.914.1
Chad24.21.816.426.540.235.926.66.710.06.8
Congo, Rep. of20.416.823.925.215.320.615.125.630.933.9
Equatorial Guinea34.122.133.640.239.634.931.024.225.726.3
Gabon41.635.544.240.641.945.633.137.140.939.1
Nigeria37.628.828.949.241.639.840.432.537.034.9
Middle-income countries16.416.716.216.316.416.616.717.517.017.1
Excluding South Africa22.422.222.223.124.120.620.620.818.018.9
Botswana39.536.241.441.240.837.624.825.017.919.3
Cape Verde30.625.132.532.632.330.623.926.523.421.4
Ghana14.415.514.015.515.112.019.919.515.817.4
Lesotho32.737.027.827.037.234.725.110.45.520.1
Mauritius19.721.918.318.022.118.314.916.514.516.6
Namibia30.326.024.436.132.932.129.830.333.927.3
Senegal20.019.119.619.022.420.023.125.524.223.9
Seychelles10.115.016.717.39.0−7.4−3.08.68.310.0
South Africa14.715.014.514.414.315.415.616.516.616.4
Swaziland12.212.219.76.617.05.70.3−6.4-0.91.9
Zambia16.313.715.223.315.413.825.827.627.325.8
Low-income countries14.815.714.514.815.214.114.316.016.316.6
Excluding fragile countries16.016.816.015.516.715.315.116.817.216.8
Benin10.610.711.611.19.410.111.99.410.210.5
Burkina Faso8.25.28.77.310.69.012.515.516.313.1
Ethiopia21.124.620.018.123.519.219.520.721.219.0
Gambia, The9.517.28.113.67.80.65.04.00.42.0
Kenya16.017.217.216.815.513.013.315.615.817.0
Madagascar16.416.613.216.215.620.411.512.012.816.9
Malawi14.37.08.013.227.416.020.124.813.214.5
Mali9.08.67.012.910.06.314.310.913.615.7
Mozambique6.37.76.16.35.65.72.710.89.910.8
Niger14.17.314.215.014.619.37.923.511.815.1
Rwanda19.121.821.915.418.018.615.015.919.914.3
Sierra Leone7.24.910.39.77.73.36.67.58.511.8
Tanzania18.320.419.318.316.217.319.520.019.719.3
Uganda19.920.221.017.820.619.915.615.621.519.6
Fragile countries10.211.89.112.19.18.910.912.512.416.0
Including Zimbabwe
Burundi5.14.99.61.81.87.36.17.54.24.0
Central African Republic4.65.13.27.14.52.95.13.83.75.3
Comoros3.54.71.92.94.93.23.46.82.73.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. of8.69.80.510.517.14.98.920.223.529.4
Côte d’Ivoire10.912.410.012.18.012.117.614.411.812.6
Eritrea12.718.920.810.26.47.21.73.710.110.9
Guinea15.118.019.124.24.010.00.0-1.5-1.711.0
Guinea-Bissau5.19.14.50.87.33.93.73.13.01.2
Liberia
São Tomé & Príncipe21.324.668.410.411.0−7.820.119.617.8-1.9
Togo8.06.28.29.06.010.511.411.711.614.1
Zimbabwe
Sub-Saharan Africa21.418.919.324.422.721.820.720.722.121.5
Median15.916.616.715.515.515.414.315.613.915.1
Including Zimbabwe
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa17.716.817.119.318.716.713.515.916.516.2
Oil-importing countries15.816.315.515.716.015.615.716.916.716.9
Excluding South Africa16.817.416.517.017.515.715.917.216.717.2
CFA franc zone18.414.917.519.520.020.218.618.018.618.6
WAEMU12.011.311.612.611.912.515.516.114.815.1
CEMAC25.018.623.626.628.127.921.819.822.322.0
EAC-517.518.918.817.116.716.215.816.918.417.9
SADC17.316.116.618.517.917.414.417.517.917.5
SACU16.416.516.216.216.216.916.217.016.916.7
COMESA17.218.416.516.019.115.814.716.918.018.1
Resource-intensive countries32.524.527.541.635.633.429.127.130.528.8
Oil33.324.527.542.836.934.630.127.931.929.8
Non-oil resource-intensive countries22.621.722.325.621.222.118.917.815.416.6
Non-resource-intensive countries15.215.714.914.815.515.015.516.816.816.9
Coastal Non-resource-intensive countries15.015.614.914.914.614.915.616.716.416.6
Landlocked Non-resource-intensive countries16.016.314.814.719.115.315.317.518.417.9
MDRI15.716.214.915.516.715.015.717.717.817.9
Fixed exchange rate regimes14.514.313.915.214.614.312.711.412.312.1
Floating exchange rate22.019.619.625.323.222.221.021.222.622.0
Sources: IMF, African Department database, September 16, 2011; and IMF, World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, September 16, 2011.
Table SA9.Overall Fiscal Balance, (Including Grants)(Percent of GDP)
2004-08200420052006200720082009201020112012
Oil-exporting countries7.65.96.913.64.57.0-7.0-2.82.73.9
Excluding Nigeria9.62.48.716.810.19.8-3.04.75.96.0
Angola8.61.59.411.811.38.9-4.97.77.97.7
Cameroon8.5−0.73.233.14.52.3−0.1−1.1-1.4-0.4
Chad1.2-4.6-2.45.53.14.5-9.9-5.22.32.5
Congo, Rep. of13.53.614.616.69.423.44.816.019.520.3
Equatorial Guinea18.212.320.623.519.315.4-8.0-5.2-3.1-3.8
Gabon9.27.68.79.28.711.77.53.25.25.7
Nigeria6.18.15.811.60.54.8-10.2-8.50.42.2
Middle-income countries-0.1-1.4-0.11.30.9-1.3-5.2-5.5-4.5-3.7
Excluding South Africa-1.0-2.2-0.73.0-1.0-3.8-5.1-6.6-5.0-3.2
Botswana4.31.28.811.65.0-5.1-11.6-10.2-6.30.0
Cape Verde−3.8−4.1−6.7−5.7−1.1−1.4−6.3−10.6-10.2-9.0
Ghana-4.9-3.0-2.8-4.7-5.6-8.5-5.8-7.4-4.2-2.3
Lesotho9.17.54.414.110.98.7−3.9−4.6-14.90.6
Mauritius-3.5-4.6-4.7-4.4-2.6-1.3-2.0-3.5-4.8-4.5
Namibia0.9−3.7−1.02.14.42.6−1.7−7.3-4.5-2.2
Senegal-3.8-2.3-2.8-5.4-3.8-4.7-5.0-5.2-6.2-5.4
Seychelles−1.8−0.81.6−5.9−9.75.83.0−0.83.12.8
South Africa0.1-1.20.00.81.5-0.5-5.2-5.1-4.3-3.9
Swaziland1.8−4.2−2.67.47.51.0−6.6−12.9-8.2-5.3
Zambia2.4-2.9-2.820.2-1.3-1.5-2.6-3.1-3.1-6.0
Low-income countries-1.8-2.6-3.01.0-2.3-2.3-3.1-3.5-5.2-4.3
Excluding fragile countries-1.6-2.3-2.52.0-2.6-2.4-3.5-3.7-4.6-4.3
Benin-0.7-1.1-2.3-0.20.3-0.1-3.3-0.4-1.7-1.6
Burkina Faso−1.1−4.7−5.515.5−6.6−4.3−5.3−5.8-4.3-3.1
Ethiopia-3.4-2.7-4.2-3.8-3.6-2.9-0.9-1.3-2.1-4.0
Gambia, The−3.1−4.1−5.8−5.00.5−1.3−2.4−4.9-3.4-2.7
Kenya-2.4-0.1-1.8-2.5-3.1-4.3-5.2-6.0-5.4-4.8
Madagascar−2.5−5.0−3.0−0.5−2.7−1.1−3.1−0.4-1.3-2.3
Malawi-3.0-4.6-1.10.3-4.3-5.1-5.01.5-4.2-3.8
Mali4.8−1.8−2.332.2−2.4−1.5−3.3−1.5-2.3-1.7
Mozambique-3.3-4.4-2.8-4.1-2.9-2.5-5.5-3.9-6.1-6.8
Niger7.1−3.5−2.040.3−1.01.5−5.5−2.5-2.2-0.9
Rwanda0.20.90.90.2-1.71.00.30.4-1.5-3.8
Sierra Leone2.9−3.2−1.9−2.226.6−4.7−3.2−6.9-5.1-2.3
Tanzania-3.0-2.8-3.0-4.9-4.00.0-4.8-7.0-8.5-6.5
Uganda−1.4−1.2−0.5−0.9−1.3−3.0−2.4−5.0-7.6-6.5
Fragile countries-2.6-3.3-4.4-1.7-1.5-2.2-1.9-3.0-7.1-4.3
Including Zimbabwe-5.0-1.9-1.7-2.3-2.0-2.6-6.2-4.9
Burundi-2.3-4.9-5.1-1.40.4-0.758.5-3.9-3.1-3.1
Central African Republic0.5−2.1−4.59.01.2−1.0−0.1−0.8-2.00.2
Comoros0.20.11.9-0.70.0-0.22.77.0-1.6-0.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. of−5.0−5.1−10.3−1.3−4.1−4.1−5.21.2-7.7-6.2
Côte d’Ivoire-1.3-1.7-1.7-1.8-0.8-0.6-1.6-2.3-6.4-3.8
Eritrea−17.9−16.6−22.2−14.1−15.7−21.1−14.7−16.1-16.2-13.5
Guinea-2.2-5.4-1.6-3.10.3-1.3-7.2-14.2-12.21.0
Guinea-Bissau−5.1−7.8−6.2−4.8−5.9−0.82.9−0.2-1.9-1.6
Liberia-0.60.00.06.03.9-12.9-12.0-6.5-3.6-3.3
São Tomé & Príncipe29.6−16.837.6−13.9127.013.9−16.9−11.0-17.41.5
Togo-1.41.0-2.4-2.8-1.9-0.9-2.8-1.6-3.9-4.1
Zimbabwe1−8.6−3.3−3.9−2.7−2.9−0.3-1.0-8.4
Sub-Saharan Africa2.10.31.45.41.51.7-5.3-4.2-2.0-1.1
Median−1.3−2.5−2.0−0.6−0.4−0.8−4.3−4.2-4.1-2.5
Including Zimbabwe1.35.31.51.7−5.3−4.1-2.0-1.2
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa1.8−1.30.66.12.01.6−3.5−1.5-1.3-0.7
Oil-importing countries-0.7-1.8-1.11.1-0.1-1.7-4.4-4.8-4.6-4.0
Excluding South Africa-1.6-2.5-2.41.6-1.9-2.8-3.7-4.4-5.0-4.0
CFA franc zone5.00.12.613.93.44.7−2.0−0.8-0.30.4
WAEMU−0.4−2.2−2.66.9−2.3−1.7−3.4−3.0-4.5-3.3
CEMAC10.12.77.820.68.710.4−0.61.23.43.8
EAC-5−2.2−1.2−1.8−2.7−2.8−2.4−2.9−5.6-6.4-5.4
SADC0.9−1.40.32.42.30.9−5.0−3.1-2.7-2.3
SACU0.4−1.20.31.41.8−0.5−5.4−5.5-4.5-3.7
COMESA−2.4−2.7−3.80.3−2.8−2.9−2.6−3.0-4.4-5.1
Resource-intensive countries6.44.25.712.34.15.7-6.5-3.31.52.8
Oil7.65.96.913.64.57.0−7.0−2.82.73.9
Non-oil resource-intensive countries1.1−1.80.66.22.0−1.4−4.1−5.8-5.6-3.0
Non-resource-intensive countries-0.9-1.7-1.20.6-0.3-1.6-4.4-4.7-4.5-4.0
Coastal Non-resource-intensive countries−0.8−1.5−0.7−0.40.1−1.5−5.0−5.2-4.6-4.0
Landlocked Non-resource-intensive countries−1.1−2.7−4.05.8−2.4−2.3−2.1−2.2-4.2-4.3
MDRI0.0−2.4−1.76.6−1.5−1.2−2.6−2.4-2.9-2.5
Fixed exchange rate regimes4.4−0.42.012.43.54.3−2.3−1.9-1.3-0.2
Floating exchange rate1.60.51.33.91.11.2−5.9−4.6-2.2-1.3
Sources: IMF, African Department database, September 16, 2011; and IMF, World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, September 16, 2011.
Table SA10.Overall Fiscal Balance, Excluding Grants(Percent of GDP)
2004-08200420052006200720082009201020112012
Oil-exporting countries7.05.76.811.44.46.8-7.1-2.92.63.7
Excluding Nigeria8.11.98.211.29.89.5-3.34.55.65.7
Angola8.41.09.111.811.38.9-4.97.67.97.7
Cameroon2.4−0.83.04.73.31.5−0.9−1.8-2.2-1.1
Chad-1.0-7.6-5.73.61.73.0-13.4-6.80.50.2
Congo, Rep. of13.23.314.516.59.022.74.516.019.019.6
Equatorial Guinea18.212.320.623.519.315.4-8.0-5.2-3.1-3.8
Gabon9.27.58.79.28.711.77.53.25.25.7
Nigeria6.18.15.811.60.54.8-10.2-8.50.42.2
Middle-income countries-0.8-1.9-0.60.10.4-1.9-5.7-5.9-4.9-4.1
Excluding South Africa-3.8-4.5-2.8-2.4-3.4-5.9-7.3-8.4-6.9-4.8
Botswana3.70.58.611.04.2-5.8-12.5-10.7-6.8-0.5
Cape Verde−10.2−13.0−13.3−11.6−6.3−6.8−11.6−16.9-15.9-13.6
Ghana-8.3-6.9-6.1-8.1-9.3-11.2-8.8-9.7-6.5-3.8
Lesotho7.35.22.513.19.26.6−6.8−12.6-24.1-7.6
Mauritius-3.8-4.9-4.9-4.6-2.8-1.9-3.6-4.2-5.6-5.6
Namibia0.8−3.9−1.12.04.32.5−2.0−7.6-4.7-2.4
Senegal-5.8-4.4-4.4-6.9-6.4-7.1-8.0-7.8-8.6-7.7
Seychelles−3.1−1.00.6−7.2−9.92.1−1.3−1.7-1.11.3
South Africa0.1-1.20.00.81.5-0.5-5.2-5.1-4.3-3.9
Swaziland1.1−5.0−3.66.57.00.5−7.1−13.1-8.7-5.8
Zambia-6.8-8.4-8.4-6.3-5.8-5.2-5.5-4.9-5.0-8.2
Low-income countries-7.2-6.8-7.5-7.0-6.7-6.4-7.6-7.8-9.4-8.1
Excluding fragile countries-7.8-7.3-7.6-7.6-7.5-6.7-7.7-7.5-8.8-8.1
Benin-3.0-3.7-4.4-2.5-2.7-1.8-6.5-1.9-4.2-3.4
Burkina Faso−10.4−9.3−10.1−11.2−13.1−8.3−11.2−10.4-11.3-8.6
Ethiopia-7.6-7.3-8.4-7.4-8.0-6.9-5.2-4.6-6.6-7.5
Gambia, The−4.6−7.2−7.0−6.0−0.4−2.4−6.3−8.6-9.8-6.6
Kenya-3.5-1.3-3.1-3.6-4.2-5.4-6.0-7.0-6.7-6.1
Madagascar−16.4−13.2−8.7−10.3−7.0−4.5−4.2−1.0-2.3-4.4
Malawi-15.1-14.9-13.2-14.3-16.9-16.2-13.6-10.3-8.5-8.1
Mali−6.1−5.8−6.2−6.7−7.0−4.9−7.9−4.4-5.5-5.0
Mozambique-11.3-11.7-8.8-12.0-12.2-11.9-15.0-12.2-13.6-14.1
Niger−7.6−9.3−9.6−6.8−8.1−4.4−9.9−7.3-9.5-6.5
Rwanda-10.1-9.2-10.8-9.6-10.7-10.0-11.4-13.2-14.5-12.2
Sierra Leone−9.8−12.2−11.9−10.4−5.5−9.2−11.1−14.0-13.1-6.7
Tanzania-8.8-8.2-9.9-10.3-8.9-6.9-9.9-11.6-13.3-12.3
Uganda−7.0−9.0−8.1−6.3−5.8−5.7−5.0−7.5-10.9-9.2
Fragile countries-5.5-5.6-7.1-5.2-4.1-5.4-7.3-8.7-11.5-8.2
Including Zimbabwe-7.3-4.9-4.1-5.2-6.9-7.6-10.0-8.2
Burundi-25.8-19.7-16.8-19.3-35.3-38.2-32.1-34.9-28.0-22.4
Central African Republic−5.5−5.5−8.7−4.4−2.9−5.8−5.4−6.1-6.0-5.0
Comoros-6.0-2.7-2.5-5.9-7.9-10.9-7.3-7.9-8.0-7.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. of−8.7−7.1−15.5−8.0−6.4−6.7−12.6−12.9-16.3-14.7
Côte d’Ivoire-2.3-2.6-2.8-2.4-1.3-2.3-2.2-2.8-6.6-4.0
Eritrea−24.8−31.7−31.5−18.2−18.8−24.0−17.3−21.3-19.4-14.7
Guinea-3.2-6.5-2.3-4.6-0.5-1.8-7.6-14.6-16.9-1.0
Guinea-Bissau−14.0−16.7−12.9−11.1−14.1−15.3−12.9−9.9-10.4-9.7
Liberia-0.9-0.30.05.83.7-13.6-15.1-8.9-6.8-5.4
São Tomé & Príncipe−11.8−35.920.6−30.00.4−14.2−30.3−29.1-29.9-8.2
Togo-2.70.2-3.6-4.2-3.6-2.3-4.4-3.7-7.3-8.4
Zimbabwe1−8.6−3.3−3.9−2.7−3.6−0.4-1.0-8.5
Sub-Saharan Africa0.5-0.90.22.50.40.6-6.7-5.3-3.1-2.1
Median−5.1−5.6−4.7−5.9−3.9−5.2−7.7−7.8-7.1-6.0
Including Zimbabwe0.22.50.30.6−6.6−5.2-3.1-2.2
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa−1.7−4.0−2.1−1.1−0.6−0.7−6.2−3.9-3.6-2.8
Oil-importing countries-2.7-3.3-2.6-2.4-1.8-3.4-6.4-6.4-6.2-5.4
Excluding South Africa-6.0-6.0-6.0-6.3-5.5-6.2-7.5-7.8-8.4-7.0
CFA franc zone1.4−1.51.02.71.63.1−4.0−2.3-2.0-1.2
WAEMU−5.0−4.7−5.2−5.3−5.3−4.5−6.3−5.3-7.5-5.8
CEMAC7.52.17.210.38.09.8−1.50.72.83.1
EAC-5−6.5−5.7−6.8−6.7−6.7−6.7−7.7−9.4-10.3-9.1
SADC−0.1−2.2−0.50.91.60.1−5.9−4.0-3.4-3.0
SACU0.3−1.20.31.41.8−0.6−5.4−5.5-4.6-3.8
COMESA−7.2−7.0−7.9−6.2−6.3−6.2−6.7−7.0-7.9-8.2
Resource-intensive countries5.43.75.29.43.65.3-6.8-3.61.22.5
Oil7.05.76.811.44.46.8−7.1−2.92.63.7
Non-oil resource-intensive countries−1.6−3.4−1.00.0−0.3−3.2−5.4−6.7-6.7-4.0
Non-resource-intensive countries-2.8-3.2-2.7-2.7-2.0-3.4-6.5-6.3-6.1-5.5
Coastal Non-resource-intensive countries−1.9−2.4−1.6−1.9−0.9−2.6−6.1−6.0-5.3-4.8
Landlocked Non-resource-intensive countries−7.6−7.9−9.2−6.7−7.4−6.8−7.9−7.9-9.6-8.9
MDRI−6.2−6.7−6.1−6.9−6.2−5.1−7.2−6.5-6.8-6.0
Fixed exchange rate regimes1.0−2.10.32.41.62.6−4.3−3.5-3.1-1.8
Floating exchange rate0.4−0.60.22.20.10.2−7.1−5.6-3.1-2.2
Sources: IMF, African Department database, September 16, 2011; and IMF, World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, September 16, 2011.
Table SA11.Government Revenue, Excluding Grants(Percent of GDP)
2004-08200420052006200720082009201020112012
Oil-exporting countries34.432.135.635.732.036.625.029.132.431.8
Excluding Nigeria35.227.032.038.537.141.430.935.036.436.3
Angola46.139.543.950.245.850.934.542.843.943.4
Cameroon18.215.217.619.319.120.017.616.817.417.8
Chad15.15.56.015.022.826.416.123.627.925.1
Congo, Rep. of39.630.038.644.338.946.429.137.442.943.9
Equatorial Guinea36.129.834.740.838.337.041.029.929.127.9
Gabon30.930.131.331.729.531.932.628.328.829.9
Nigeria33.735.437.933.928.432.820.224.529.428.5
Middle-income countries26.824.826.226.928.227.726.426.326.726.8
Excluding South Africa23.323.023.723.923.522.122.121.021.822.3
Botswana38.037.342.241.036.932.435.629.530.831.6
Cape Verde25.622.824.325.627.327.823.421.723.222.8
Ghana13.613.613.513.713.813.313.514.416.517.5
Lesotho57.650.050.763.960.063.459.143.739.150.2
Mauritius19.418.919.418.919.420.521.221.220.620.0
Namibia28.925.627.329.431.730.629.926.227.228.0
Senegal19.518.319.219.721.119.418.619.419.419.2
Seychelles37.040.539.140.132.232.935.435.437.536.5
South Africa27.825.326.827.729.629.727.827.828.228.2
Swaziland36.230.432.340.039.339.236.827.626.526.9
Zambia18.018.217.617.218.418.616.017.819.319.1
Low-income countries15.515.015.315.716.316.616.217.417.217.9
Excluding fragile countries15.215.115.315.516.016.215.917.217.517.7
Benin18.216.716.916.920.819.618.518.618.719.1
Burkina Faso13.013.512.712.413.513.113.715.615.215.1
Ethiopia14.016.114.614.812.712.012.014.013.513.6
Gambia, The15.414.514.316.116.715.214.913.513.814.2
Kenya21.621.421.221.122.022.121.924.224.825.0
Madagascar4.712.012.711.211.714.211.111.611.010.1
Malawi18.416.819.217.718.419.921.224.924.523.9
Mali17.718.018.418.217.516.218.018.117.718.3
Mozambique14.813.114.115.015.915.917.620.320.620.7
Niger13.711.410.613.015.018.414.714.214.616.4
Rwanda12.812.212.512.112.314.912.813.214.114.1
Sierra Leone12.012.612.612.211.311.511.813.314.012.1
Tanzania13.111.111.812.514.115.916.215.916.517.3
Uganda12.210.912.112.512.612.812.512.413.014.0
Fragile countries16.314.815.516.317.117.717.418.316.218.5
Including Zimbabwe15.615.415.616.517.319.718.220.0
Burundi19.220.120.018.918.618.518.619.819.319.8
Central African Republic9.48.38.29.510.310.410.811.510.611.7
Comoros14.215.815.813.712.713.114.014.314.014.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. of13.49.511.412.814.718.516.819.020.519.9
Côte d’Ivoire18.217.517.018.419.218.918.919.213.218.7
Eritrea22.323.225.923.021.218.213.313.314.316.0
Guinea14.111.514.514.414.315.616.515.616.217.4
Guinea-Bissau9.08.69.210.28.09.29.010.811.211.6
Liberia19.114.614.218.923.624.126.733.027.425.7
São Tomé & Príncipe31.916.964.821.140.516.415.117.617.429.4
Togo16.416.815.717.016.815.616.918.918.918.4
Zimbabwe116.39.63.83.016.029.430.428.8
Sub-Saharan Africa27.024.726.827.627.128.823.525.426.926.8
Median18.116.817.318.319.118.717.819.119.119.5
Including Zimbabwe26.727.527.028.723.525.426.926.8
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa23.320.021.923.624.426.322.024.024.925.2
Oil-importing countries23.222.023.023.024.323.722.723.623.924.1
Excluding South Africa17.917.718.117.318.418.117.918.919.019.6
CFA franc zone21.918.420.322.923.224.521.621.922.122.8
WAEMU17.316.616.517.218.317.717.518.116.118.0
CEMAC26.320.424.228.327.830.626.025.627.427.3
EAC-516.715.616.016.417.417.917.618.419.320.0
SADC28.325.126.928.729.931.427.328.629.329.3
SACU28.526.027.628.630.230.128.428.028.328.4
COMESA16.717.217.317.016.817.216.618.719.319.2
Resource-intensive countries32.430.033.433.630.734.524.627.830.630.4
Oil34.432.135.635.732.036.625.029.132.431.8
Non-oil resource-intensive countries23.722.924.224.424.122.722.621.720.822.5
Non-resource-intensive countries23.221.922.922.824.323.822.723.824.324.3
Coastal Non-resource-intensive countries24.623.024.224.226.225.724.625.225.725.7
Landlocked Non-resource-intensive countries15.515.315.615.815.215.515.617.517.817.9
MDRI15.914.715.715.216.617.415.717.118.118.4
Fixed exchange rate regimes23.119.721.624.224.525.422.722.522.723.5
Floating exchange rate27.825.827.928.027.729.623.725.927.727.5
Sources: IMF, African Department database, September 16, 2011; and IMF, World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, September 16, 2011.
Table SA12.Government Expenditure(Percent of GDP)
2004-08200420052006200720082009201020112012
Oil-exporting countries27.426.428.824.227.729.832.132.029.828.1
Excluding Nigeria27.125.023.827.227.331.934.230.530.830.6
Angola37.638.534.738.434.542.039.535.236.035.7
Cameroon15.916.014.614.515.718.518.418.619.519.0
Chad16.113.111.711.421.123.429.530.527.425.0
Congo, Rep. of26.426.724.227.829.923.624.721.523.824.3
Equatorial Guinea17.917.514.117.319.021.649.035.132.231.8
Gabon21.822.622.722.520.820.225.125.123.624.2
Nigeria27.527.232.222.327.928.130.433.129.026.2
Middle-income countries27.526.726.826.827.829.632.232.231.630.9
Excluding South Africa27.027.526.526.326.928.029.429.328.727.0
Botswana34.336.933.630.032.738.248.140.137.632.1
Cape Verde35.835.937.637.233.634.635.038.639.136.4
Ghana21.920.519.521.823.124.522.324.123.021.3
Lesotho50.344.748.250.850.756.865.956.363.257.8
Mauritius23.223.824.423.522.222.424.825.426.225.6
Namibia28.129.428.427.427.428.131.933.931.930.3
Senegal25.422.723.626.627.526.526.627.228.026.9
Seychelles40.041.438.547.342.130.936.737.238.635.2
South Africa27.726.526.826.928.130.233.033.032.532.1
Swaziland35.235.535.933.432.338.743.940.735.132.7
Zambia24.926.626.123.524.323.921.422.724.327.3
Low-income countries22.621.822.822.722.922.923.925.226.626.0
Excluding fragile countries23.022.422.923.123.522.923.624.626.325.8
Benin21.220.421.319.423.421.425.020.422.922.4
Burkina Faso23.422.822.723.626.621.424.925.926.523.6
Ethiopia21.623.423.122.220.718.917.218.620.121.1
Gambia, The20.021.721.322.217.217.621.222.123.620.8
Kenya25.122.724.324.726.227.627.931.231.431.1
Madagascar21.125.321.421.518.718.615.312.613.314.5
Malawi33.531.732.432.035.336.234.835.233.032.0
Mali23.823.824.624.924.521.225.822.523.323.3
Mozambique26.124.822.927.028.127.832.632.534.234.8
Niger21.320.720.219.723.122.824.621.524.022.9
Rwanda22.921.323.421.723.124.824.326.428.726.4
Sierra Leone21.924.824.522.716.820.722.927.327.118.8
Tanzania21.919.321.722.823.022.826.127.629.729.7
Uganda19.119.820.218.718.418.617.519.923.923.2
Fragile countries21.820.422.621.521.223.224.727.027.626.7
Including Zimbabwe22.920.419.721.724.227.328.228.2
Burundi45.139.836.838.153.956.750.754.747.442.2
Central African Republic14.813.816.913.913.216.216.217.616.616.7
Comoros20.218.518.319.620.624.021.222.222.021.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. of22.116.626.920.821.125.229.531.936.934.6
Côte d’Ivoire20.520.119.920.820.521.121.122.019.722.7
Eritrea47.154.857.541.239.942.130.634.733.730.8
Guinea17.217.916.919.014.817.524.130.233.118.4
Guinea-Bissau23.125.322.121.322.124.521.920.721.621.3
Liberia19.914.814.213.019.937.741.841.934.231.2
São Tomé & Príncipe43.752.844.151.040.130.545.446.747.337.5
Togo19.116.619.321.220.417.921.322.526.226.8
Zimbabwe125.012.87.75.719.629.831.337.3
Sub-Saharan Africa26.525.626.625.126.828.230.230.730.028.9
Median23.223.123.222.623.124.325.927.428.326.3
Including Zimbabwe26.625.026.628.130.130.730.029.0
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa24.924.124.024.725.027.028.227.928.528.0
Oil-importing countries25.925.325.625.426.127.129.130.030.129.5
Excluding South Africa23.923.724.123.623.924.325.426.627.426.6
CFA franc zone20.519.919.320.221.621.525.624.124.124.0
WAEMU22.221.321.622.523.622.223.923.423.623.9
CEMAC18.818.317.018.019.820.827.524.924.624.2
EAC-523.221.322.823.124.124.725.327.829.629.1
SADC28.427.327.527.828.331.433.332.732.732.3
SACU28.227.227.327.328.430.733.933.532.932.2
COMESA23.824.125.223.223.123.423.325.727.227.4
Resource-intensive countries27.026.428.124.327.129.231.431.429.427.8
Oil27.426.428.824.227.729.832.132.029.828.1
Non-oil resource-intensive countries25.226.325.324.324.325.928.028.527.626.5
Non-resource-intensive countries25.925.125.625.526.327.229.230.130.429.8
Coastal Non-resource-intensive countries26.525.425.726.127.028.330.631.231.030.5
Landlocked Non-resource-intensive countries23.123.224.822.522.622.323.525.327.426.8
MDRI22.121.421.822.122.722.622.923.525.024.4
Fixed exchange rate regimes22.121.921.221.822.922.827.026.025.725.3
Floating exchange rate27.426.427.725.827.529.430.931.530.829.6
Sources: IMF, African Department database, September 16, 2011; and IMF, World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, September 16, 2011.
Table SA13.Government Debt(Percent of GDP)
2004-082004200520062007200820092010
Oil-exporting countries29.357.135.617.718.017.921.721.6
Excluding Nigeria37.764.046.327.025.126.129.827.2
Angola34.155.342.520.620.831.536.335.0
Cameroon30.161.451.815.711.99.510.612.1
Chad29.434.233.629.626.023.630.532.6
Congo, Rep. of114.4198.7108.398.898.068.157.223.8
Equatorial Guinea2.56.23.01.61.10.75.17.5
Gabon45.065.253.842.143.220.926.425.1
Nigeria23.552.728.611.812.811.615.217.3
Middle-income countries32.739.336.731.628.327.531.634.1
Excluding South Africa36.552.844.928.128.328.431.931.6
Botswana7.39.97.45.67.56.217.013.8
Cape Verde83.492.695.786.873.967.768.673.2
Ghana39.357.448.226.231.033.636.237.4
Lesotho58.255.860.963.258.952.138.434.1
Mauritius49.551.653.551.047.344.054.150.5