Chapter

Statistical Appendix

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
Published Date:
April 2010
Share
  • ShareShare
Show Summary Details

Unless otherwise noted, data and projections presented in this report are IMF staff estimates at April 9, 2010, consistent with the projections underlying the April 2010 World Economic Outlook.

The data and projections cover the 44 countries of the IMF’s African Department. Data definitions follow established international statistical methodologies to the extent possible. However, in some cases data limitations limit comparability across countries.

Country Groupings

As in previous Regional Economic Outlooks, countries are aggregated into four nonoverlapping groups: oil exporters, non-oil-exporting middle-income, low-income, and fragile countries (see the appendix tables).

  • The 7 oil exporters are countries where net oil exports make up 30 percent or more of total exports. Except for Angola and Nigeria, they belong to the Central African Economic and Monetary Community. Oil exporters are classified as such even if they would otherwise qualify for another group.

  • The 8 middle-income countries are not oil exporters and had per capita gross national income of more than US$975 in 2008, as calculated by the World Bank using the Atlas method.

  • The 15 low-income countries are not oil exporters and had per capita gross national income equal to or lower than US$975 in 2008 and a score higher than 3.2 on the 2008 IDA Resource Allocation Index (IRAI).

  • The 14 countries that are not oil exporters and had per capita gross national income equal to or lower than US$975 in 2008 and a score of 3.2 or less on the 2008 IDA Resource Allocation Index (IRAI).are categorized as fragile.

In addition, countries are classified as resource-rich if their primary commodity rents exceed 10 percent of GDP. Non-resource-rich countries are also classified by whether they are coastal or landlocked (Table SA MN 1).

Finally, countries are grouped into regional cooperation bodies: CFA franc zone, comprising the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) and the Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC); East Africa Community (EAC-5); Southern African Development Community (SADC); Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa. (COMESA); and Southern Africa Customs Union (SACU) (Table SA MN 2).

Unless otherwise noted, group aggregates exclude data for Eritrea, Liberia, and Zimbabwe because of data limitations. EAC-5 aggregates include data for Rwanda and Burundi, which joined only in 2007. COMESA aggregates exclude data for Sudan.

Methods of Aggregation

In Tables SA14, SA 612, SA14, SA21AA22, and SA26, country group composites are calculated as the arithmetic average of data for individual countries, weighted by GDP valued at purchasing power parity as a share of total group GDP. The source of purchasing power parity weights is the WEO database.

In Tables SA1520, and SA2325, country group composites are calculated as the arithmetic average of data for individual countries, weighted by GDP in U.S. dollars at market exchange rates as a share of total group GDP.

In Tables SA5, and SA13, country group composites are calculated as the geometric average of data for individual countries, weighted by GDP valued at purchasing power parity as a share of total group GDP. The source of purchasing power parity weights is the WEO database.

Table SA MN 1.Sub-Saharan Africa: Country Groupings
Resource-RichNon-Resource-Rich
OilNon-oilCoastalLandlocked
AngolaBotswanaBeninBurkina Faso *
Cameroon *Côte d'IvoireCape VerdeBurundi
ChadGuineaComorosCentral African Republic
Congo, Rep. ofNamibiaGambia, The*Congo, Dem. Rep. of
Equatorial GuineaSierra Leone*Ghana *Ethiopia *
GabonZambia *Guinea-BissauLesotho
NigeriaKenyaMalawi *
Madagascar *Mali *
MauritiusNiger *
Mozambique *Rwanda *
São Tomé and Príncipe *Swaziland
Uganda *
Senegal *Zimbabwe
Seychelles
South Africa
Tanzania *
Togo
Table SA MN 2.Member Countries of the Regional Groupings in Africa
The West African

Economic and

Monetary Union

(WAEMU)
Economic and

Monetary

Community of

Central African

States (CEMAC)
Common Market for

Eastern and Southern

Africa (COMESA)
East Africa

Community (EAC-5)
Southern African

Development

Community (SADC)
Southern

Africa

Customs

Union (SACU)
BeninCameroonBurundiBurundiAngolaBotswana
Burkina FasoCentral AfricanComorosKenyaBotswanaLesotho
Côte d'IvoireRepublicCongo, Dem. Rep. ofRwandaCongo, Dem. Rep. ofNamibia
Guinea-BissauChadEritreaTanzaniaLesothoSouth Africa
MaliCongo, Rep. ofEthiopiaUgandaMadagascarSwaziland
NigerEquatorialKenyaMalawi
SenegalGuineaMadagascarMauritius
TogoGabonMalawiMozambique
MauritiusNamibia
RwandaSeychelles
SeychellesSouth Africa
SudanSwaziland
SwazilandTanzania
UgandaZambia
ZambiaZimbabwe
Zimbabwe
Table SA1.Real GDP Growth(Percent)
2004–2008200320042005200620072008200920102011
Oil-exporting countries8.58.311.27.67.49.27.03.86.56.8
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria10.74.912.311.29.312.58.51.05.66.0
Angola16.83.311.220.618.620.313.2-0.47.18.3
Cameroon3.14.03.72.33.23.32.92.02.62.9
Chad8.314.733.67.90.20.2-0.4-1.64.43.9
Congo, Rep. of4.30.83.57.86.2-1.65.67.612.16.6
Equatorial Guinea16.214.038.09.71.321.410.75.30.92.1
Gabon2.72.41.13.01.25.32.7-1.45.44.9
Nigeria7.010.310.65.46.27.06.05.67.07.3
Middle-income countries4.93.24.84.95.65.43.6-1.82.83.7
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa4.44.76.32.05.35.13.4-2.04.24.1
Botswana4.16.36.01.65.14.83.1-6.06.35.1
Cape Verde7.14.74.36.510.87.85.94.15.05.5
Lesotho3.34.32.31.16.52.44.51.43.02.8
Mauritius4.14.35.51.53.95.44.21.54.14.7
Namibia6.14.312.32.57.15.53.3-0.71.72.2
Seychelles4.4-5.9-2.95.88.311.5-0.9-7.64.05.0
South Africa4.92.94.65.35.65.53.7-1.82.63.6
Swaziland2.73.92.52.22.93.52.40.41.12.5
Low-income countries6.94.56.17.37.47.06.94.95.17.5
Benin3.94.03.02.93.84.65.02.73.24.4
Burkina Faso5.57.84.58.75.53.65.23.24.44.7
Ethiopia11.4-3.59.812.611.511.811.29.97.07.7
Ghana6.25.25.65.96.45.77.33.54.520.1
Kenya5.12.84.65.96.47.01.52.14.15.8
Madagascar5.69.85.34.65.06.27.1-5.0-1.03.7
Malawi6.65.75.43.313.61.29.48.06.06.3
Mali4.57.21.26.16.14.24.94.55.16.3
Mozambique7.66.58.88.76.37.36.76.36.57.5
Niger5.27.1-0.88.45.83.49.3-0.94.43.8
Rwanda8.21.47.09.08.65.511.24.15.45.9
Senegal4.26.75.95.62.44.82.31.53.44.1
Tanzania7.36.97.87.46.77.17.45.56.26.7
Uganda8.26.56.86.310.88.48.77.15.66.4
Zambia5.85.15.45.36.26.25.76.35.86.0
Fragile countries3.41.23.33.73.03.23.92.93.74.8
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe2.92.72.93.12.93.74.6
Burundi3.8-1.24.80.95.13.64.53.53.94.5
Central African Republic2.6-7.11.02.43.83.72.01.73.34.0
Comoros1.32.5-0.24.21.20.51.01.11.52.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. of6.55.86.67.95.66.36.12.85.47.0
Côte d'Ivoire1.6-1.71.61.90.71.62.33.83.04.0
Eritrea-1.1-2.71.52.6-1.01.4-9.83.61.82.8
Gambia, The6.26.97.05.16.56.36.14.64.85.0
Guinea2.91.22.33.02.51.84.9-0.33.03.6
Guinea-Bissau2.8-3.53.15.02.20.33.53.03.54.3
Liberia6.4-31.32.65.37.89.47.14.65.99.0
São Tomé and Príncipe6.15.46.65.76.76.05.84.04.55.5
Sierra Leone6.89.57.47.27.36.45.54.04.85.5
Togo2.25.22.41.23.91.91.82.52.63.3
Zimbabwe1-7.3-3.8-3.6-14.54.02.20.0
Sub-Saharan Africa6.55.07.16.36.57.05.62.14.75.8
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe6.36.56.95.52.14.75.8
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa7.34.27.47.47.27.96.73.05.06.5
Oil-importing countries5.53.55.15.76.15.94.91.23.85.3
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa6.14.05.76.06.56.26.03.84.86.7
CFA franc zone4.84.67.64.92.94.64.12.54.04.1
WAEMU3.63.82.84.73.33.34.02.83.74.4
CEMAC6.05.512.55.12.55.84.22.34.33.8
EAC-56.74.76.36.67.57.25.74.55.26.2
SADC6.53.85.76.77.17.45.4-0.63.84.8
SACU4.93.24.85.05.65.43.6-1.92.73.7
COMESA9.53.17.69.910.610.98.43.45.56.7
Resource-intensive countries7.77.210.06.76.88.36.43.36.16.4
Oil8.58.311.27.67.49.27.03.86.56.8
Non-oil resource-intensive countries3.82.64.82.73.93.83.61.04.24.4
Non-resource-intensive countries5.73.65.26.06.36.15.01.23.85.4
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries5.23.74.95.45.65.74.1-0.23.25.1
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries7.93.16.28.48.97.48.56.35.76.4
MDRI6.84.86.16.97.16.67.25.05.07.2
Fixed exchange rate regime4.84.67.44.43.44.63.91.64.04.1
Floating exchange rate regime6.95.17.16.77.27.56.02.24.96.2
Sources: IMF, African Department database, April 16, 2010; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, April 9, 2010.
Table SA2.Real Non-Oil GDP Growth(Percent)
2004–2008200320042005200620072008200920102011
Oil-exporting countries10.86.511.38.312.212.59.57.37.17.3
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria12.27.28.110.416.415.910.56.76.87.5
Angola17.110.39.014.127.520.114.86.77.710.0
Cameroon3.64.94.93.22.94.13.23.03.33.4
Chad4.86.02.111.04.73.13.2-0.65.05.5
Congo, Rep. of5.75.45.05.45.96.65.43.56.06.3
Equatorial Guinea29.313.928.422.829.847.218.127.610.86.7
Gabon4.30.92.34.34.95.93.9-0.86.95.2
Nigeria9.86.113.37.09.610.18.97.77.37.2
Middle-income countries4.93.24.84.95.65.43.6-1.82.83.7
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa4.44.76.32.05.35.23.3-2.04.24.1
Botswana4.16.36.01.65.14.83.1-6.06.35.1
Cape Verde6.84.74.26.210.89.84.94.15.05.5
Lesotho3.34.32.31.16.52.44.51.43.02.8
Mauritius4.14.35.51.53.95.44.21.54.14.7
Namibia6.14.312.32.57.15.53.3-0.71.72.2
Seychelles4.4-5.9-2.95.88.311.5-0.9-7.64.05.0
South Africa4.92.94.65.35.65.53.7-1.82.63.6
Swaziland2.73.92.52.22.93.52.40.41.12.5
Low-income countries6.94.56.17.37.47.06.94.95.16.1
Benin3.94.03.02.93.84.65.02.73.24.4
Burkina Faso5.57.84.58.75.53.65.23.24.44.7
Ethiopia11.4-3.59.812.611.511.811.29.97.07.7
Ghana6.25.25.65.96.45.77.33.54.55.6
Kenya5.12.84.65.96.47.01.52.14.15.8
Madagascar5.69.85.34.65.06.27.1-5.0-1.03.7
Malawi6.65.75.43.313.61.29.48.06.06.3
Mali4.57.21.26.16.14.24.94.55.16.3
Mozambique7.66.58.88.76.37.36.76.36.57.5
Niger5.27.1-0.88.45.83.49.3-0.94.43.8
Rwanda8.21.47.09.08.65.511.24.15.45.9
Senegal4.26.75.95.62.44.82.31.53.44.1
Tanzania7.36.97.87.46.77.17.45.56.26.7
Uganda8.26.56.86.310.88.48.77.15.66.4
Zambia5.85.15.45.36.26.35.76.35.86.0
Fragile countries3.40.93.33.52.83.43.92.93.84.8
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe2.92.72.93.12.93.74.6
Burundi3.8-1.24.80.95.13.64.53.53.94.5
Central African Republic2.6-7.11.02.43.83.72.01.73.34.0
Comoros1.32.5-0.24.21.20.51.01.11.52.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. of6.55.86.67.95.66.36.12.85.47.0
Côte d'Ivoire1.5-2.21.61.30.02.12.53.73.14.0
Eritrea-1.1-2.71.52.6-1.01.4-9.83.61.82.8
Gambia, The6.26.97.05.16.56.36.14.64.85.0
Guinea2.91.22.33.02.51.84.9-0.33.03.6
Guinea-Bissau2.8-3.53.15.02.20.33.53.03.54.3
Liberia6.4-31.32.65.37.89.47.14.65.99.0
São Tomé and Príncipe6.15.46.65.76.76.05.84.06.06.5
Sierra Leone6.89.57.47.27.36.45.54.04.85.5
Togo2.25.22.41.23.91.91.82.52.63.3
Zimbabwe1-7.3-3.8-3.6-14.54.02.20.0
Sub-Saharan Africa7.24.47.26.58.08.16.43.35.05.7
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe7.58.08.16.43.35.05.7
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa7.74.76.37.19.18.97.24.65.46.2
Oil-importing countries5.53.55.15.66.05.94.91.23.84.8
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa6.13.95.76.06.46.26.03.84.85.7
CFA franc zone6.04.35.16.25.67.85.24.74.84.7
WAEMU3.63.62.74.53.13.44.02.83.74.4
CEMAC8.45.07.47.98.112.26.36.65.95.0
EAC-56.74.76.36.67.57.25.74.55.26.2
SADC6.54.45.56.18.17.35.70.33.95.1
SACU4.93.24.85.05.65.43.6-1.92.73.7
COMESA9.64.67.18.512.610.88.95.25.67.1
Resource-intensive countries9.55.710.17.310.711.08.56.36.76.9
Oil10.86.511.38.312.212.59.57.37.17.3
Non-oil resource-intensive countries3.72.44.82.53.74.03.60.94.24.4
Non-resource-intensive countries5.73.65.26.06.36.15.01.23.84.8
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries5.23.74.95.45.65.74.1-0.23.24.3
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries7.93.16.28.48.97.48.56.35.76.4
MDRI6.94.96.27.07.16.77.35.15.15.9
Fixed exchange rate regime5.74.45.35.55.67.34.83.34.74.6
Floating exchange rate regime7.64.47.66.88.68.26.83.35.05.9
Sources: IMF, African Department database, April 16, 2010; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, April 9, 2010.
Table SA3.Real Per Capita GDP Growth(Percent)
2004–2008200320042005200620072008200920102011
Oil-exporting countries5.65.28.24.74.56.24.11.03.63.9
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria7.71.59.28.16.39.45.6-1.72.83.2
Angola13.40.48.017.215.216.910.0-3.33.95.1
Cameroon0.31.20.9-0.50.40.40.1-0.80.10.4
Chad5.74.830.45.3-2.3-2.3-2.9-4.01.81.4
Congo, Rep. of1.4-2.00.64.73.2-4.42.64.59.03.6
Equatorial Guinea12.910.734.16.7-1.618.07.62.4-1.9-0.7
Gabon0.4-0.1-1.40.5-1.32.71.2-2.83.93.4
Nigeria4.27.47.62.63.44.13.12.84.14.4
Middle-income countries3.72.13.73.94.54.41.9-3.01.72.6
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa3.33.55.11.04.23.92.1-3.03.13.1
Botswana3.05.14.80.84.33.51.8-7.24.93.7
Cape Verde5.12.82.44.68.86.43.42.13.03.5
Lesotho1.42.50.0-0.84.60.62.6-0.41.11.0
Mauritius3.33.24.60.73.14.83.30.73.34.0
Namibia4.32.510.40.75.23.61.5-1.50.91.3
Seychelles3.7-6.0-2.55.36.111.0-1.1-7.83.64.6
South Africa3.71.93.54.34.54.51.9-3.01.52.5
Swaziland2.33.52.11.82.53.12.00.00.72.1
Low-income countries4.52.03.54.74.94.84.32.42.75.0
Benin0.90.6-0.3-0.40.91.82.2-0.10.41.6
Burkina Faso2.94.41.36.13.11.22.80.92.12.4
Ethiopia8.5-6.07.09.88.78.98.37.24.55.1
Ghana3.52.63.03.23.83.04.60.91.917.2
Kenya3.20.72.63.94.55.1-0.30.32.34.0
Madagascar2.86.72.41.82.23.44.2-7.5-3.61.1
Malawi4.43.43.21.211.3-0.87.25.93.94.2
Mali2.24.8-1.13.73.71.82.62.12.83.9
Mozambique5.44.56.66.54.25.24.64.24.45.4
Niger2.13.8-3.85.22.60.36.0-3.81.30.7
Rwanda6.3-0.25.57.16.63.38.92.03.23.7
Senegal1.84.23.43.20.02.3-0.1-0.81.01.6
Tanzania5.14.85.55.14.85.05.33.44.14.6
Uganda4.52.93.22.76.94.64.93.31.92.7
Zambia4.52.72.92.83.79.43.74.33.84.1
Fragile countries0.4-1.1-0.40.90.20.31.00.00.91.8
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe0.1-0.10.10.30.20.91.8
Burundi1.8-4.02.8-1.13.11.52.51.41.82.4
Central African Republic0.6-8.9-1.00.41.81.70.0-0.31.81.6
Comoros-0.70.4-2.32.1-0.8-1.6-1.1-0.9-0.60.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. of3.42.83.54.72.53.23.0-0.22.43.9
Côte d'Ivoire-1.7-3.2-3.3-0.8-2.2-1.4-0.70.70.01.0
Eritrea-5.2-6.9-2.8-1.4-7.1-1.9-12.60.5-1.3-0.3
Gambia, The3.54.24.32.53.83.63.41.92.22.3
Guinea-0.3-2.0-0.9-0.2-0.7-1.41.7-3.4-0.20.4
Guinea-Bissau0.5-5.90.62.6-0.1-1.91.30.80.51.3
Liberia5.2-32.20.82.43.74.414.9-0.31.65.2
São Tomé and Príncipe4.43.64.83.95.04.34.12.42.83.8
Sierra Leone4.16.74.64.54.63.72.91.42.12.8
Togo-0.32.4-0.3-1.41.4-0.6-0.80.00.00.8
Zimbabwe-7.3-3.8-3.6-14.54.02.20.0
Sub-Saharan Africa4.32.84.94.24.34.93.2-0.12.63.7
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe4.14.34.83.2-0.12.63.7
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa4.71.64.74.84.75.54.10.62.64.0
Oil-importing countries3.71.83.33.94.34.22.8-0.62.03.5
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa3.71.73.13.64.14.03.61.42.54.3
CFA franc zone2.01.64.42.20.21.81.4-0.11.41.5
WAEMU0.81.3-0.72.00.70.61.30.11.01.7
CEMAC3.31.89.62.4-0.23.01.6-0.31.91.3
EAC-54.32.33.84.15.24.83.42.22.93.9
SADC4.92.34.25.25.65.93.4-2.22.23.2
SACU3.72.13.74.04.54.41.9-3.21.62.5
COMESA6.90.75.07.27.98.45.80.93.04.1
Resource-intensive countries4.94.37.04.04.05.63.70.73.43.7
Oil5.65.28.24.74.56.24.11.03.63.9
Non-oil resource-intensive countries1.60.81.80.61.72.41.3-1.22.02.3
Non-resource-intensive countries3.91.93.54.34.64.42.9-0.62.03.7
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries3.62.33.54.04.24.32.2-1.81.73.6
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries5.10.43.45.66.14.65.73.63.03.7
MDRI4.22.23.44.24.54.24.62.42.54.7
Fixed exchange rate regime2.21.94.62.01.02.21.5-0.81.71.8
Floating exchange rate regime4.83.15.04.75.15.53.60.12.84.1
Sources: IMF, African Department database, April 16, 2010; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, April 9, 2010.
Table SA4.Real Per Capita GDP(U.S. dollars, at 2000 prices, using 2000 exchange rates)
2004–2008200320042005200620072008200920102011
Oil-exporting countries691591634660686724752760788818
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria95979184590294910251076105910881120
Angola1131766828970111713061436138814431516
Cameroon679673679675678681682676677679
Chad296224293308301294286274280283
Congo, Rep. of1170111411201173121111581188124213541402
Equatorial Guinea3923257234493679362042724596470446154580
Gabon4080409740414062400941194168405042064350
Nigeria596520559574593617637655682712
Middle-income countries3403303431463268341235623630351935773668
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa2550231124252444254426422692261226842760
Botswana4390398741794211439145444624428945014669
Cape Verde1577136513981462159016911747178418371901
Lesotho378367367365381384394392397400
Mauritius4492408342724303443646474801483549965194
Namibia2664228625242542267427712812276827922830
Seychelles9269843682268660918610192100819296963410081
South Africa3564316932813422357637363807369137453840
Swaziland1722161116451674171617691804180518181856
Low-income countries295261270282295308321328336352
Benin350346345343347353361360362367
Burkina Faso278254258273282285293296302309
Ethiopia150117125138150163177189198208
Ghana318288296306317327342345352412
Kenya458413424440460484482484495515
Madagascar241224229233239247257238229232
Malawi164146150152169168180191198206
Mali297281278288299305312319328341
Mozambique345291310331345363379395413435
Niger178172166174179180190183185187
Rwanda294246259277296306333340351364
Senegal507474490506506517517513518527
Tanzania402344363382400420443458476498
Uganda317281290297318333349361368378
Zambia371329339349361396410428444462
Fragile countries221219219221221222224224225230
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe
Burundi109104107105109110113115117120
Central African Republic218216214215218222222221225229
Comoros372380371379376370366362360362
Congo, Dem. Rep. of958588929497100100103107
Côte d'Ivoire541574555551539531528532532537
Eritrea169190185182169166145146144143
Gambia, The359323337345358371384391400409
Guinea382388385384381376382369368370
Guinea-Bissau284278280287286281284287288292
Liberia130118119122126132151151153161
São Tomé and Príncipe720630660686720751782801824855
Sierra Leone234205215224235243250254259267
Togo225227227224227225224224224225
Zimbabwe1418454437421360375383383
Sub-Saharan Africa643578600620642668685679692713
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa383340353367382399413414424439
Oil-importing countries625573588605625646660648656673
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa321292300309320331341344351364
CFA franc zone495471483491493500506506513520
WAEMU360355352359360362366366370376
CEMAC805736782797798818830828843854
EAC-5369326338352370387400409421437
SADC10649519821019106311131141110911241150
SACU3386301631273251339635433610349735523641
COMESA314265277293313336352354363376
Resource-intensive countries684600636656679712735739763789
Oil691591634660686724752760788818
Non-oil resource-intensive countries655635643644651666672659668679
Non-resource-intensive countries621567581601623644658647655672
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries1116101510431078111711591181115211661198
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries188165170179189197207213219227
MDRI299267276287298310323330338352
Fixed exchange rate regime594563579587593603610603611620
Floating exchange rate regime654582605628654683703697712735
Sources: IMF, African Department database, April 16, 2010; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, April 9, 2010.
Table SA5.Consumer Prices(Annual average, percent change)
2004–2008200320042005200620072008200920102011
Oil-exporting countries10.819.814.914.88.15.610.511.010.88.6
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria9.530.214.610.27.96.08.89.09.77.1
Angola20.998.343.623.013.312.212.514.015.09.8
Cameroon2.70.60.32.04.91.15.33.03.02.7
Chad1.5-1.8-4.83.77.7-7.48.310.16.03.0
Congo, Rep. of3.91.73.72.54.72.66.04.34.03.0
Equatorial Guinea4.37.34.25.74.52.84.37.17.16.6
Gabon2.12.10.41.2-1.45.05.32.17.59.0
Nigeria11.614.015.017.98.25.411.612.411.59.5
Middle-income countries5.95.91.93.65.17.111.57.15.75.7
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa7.76.95.25.58.37.411.87.35.04.9
Botswana9.49.27.08.611.67.112.68.16.16.2
Cape Verde2.91.2-1.90.44.84.46.81.21.42.0
Lesotho6.77.35.03.46.18.010.77.75.95.7
Mauritius7.43.94.74.99.08.89.72.52.12.4
Namibia5.67.24.12.35.16.710.09.16.55.9
Seychelles9.03.33.90.6-1.95.337.031.83.22.5
South Africa5.65.81.43.44.77.111.57.15.85.8
Swaziland7.07.43.44.85.38.213.17.66.25.6
Low-income countries9.48.67.68.79.08.613.214.16.86.3
Benin3.91.50.95.43.81.38.02.22.52.8
Burkina Faso3.82.0-0.46.42.4-0.210.72.62.32.0
Ethiopia13.815.18.66.812.315.825.336.43.89.3
Ghana13.026.712.615.110.210.716.519.310.68.9
Kenya11.99.811.610.314.59.813.111.88.05.0
Madagascar12.5-1.114.018.410.810.49.29.09.68.9
Malawi11.59.611.415.513.97.98.78.48.47.7
Mali3.1-1.2-3.16.41.51.59.12.22.12.6
Mozambique10.213.512.66.413.28.210.33.39.35.6
Niger3.9-1.80.47.80.10.111.34.38.42.0
Rwanda10.97.412.09.18.89.115.410.46.46.5
Senegal3.20.00.51.72.15.95.8-1.11.62.1
Tanzania6.64.44.14.47.37.010.312.17.85.0
Uganda6.75.75.08.06.66.87.314.210.57.5
Zambia13.721.418.018.39.010.712.413.48.27.5
Fragile countries9.16.64.811.68.98.411.812.09.96.8
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe11.79.76.7
Burundi11.410.78.013.42.88.324.411.38.07.2
Central African Republic3.54.4-2.22.96.70.99.33.52.12.9
Comoros4.03.74.53.03.44.54.84.82.22.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. of14.712.84.021.413.216.718.046.226.213.5
Côte d'Ivoire3.23.31.53.92.51.96.31.01.42.5
Eritrea16.422.725.112.515.19.319.934.720.515.0
Gambia, The6.217.014.35.02.15.44.54.63.95.0
Guinea25.011.017.531.434.722.918.44.716.612.3
Guinea-Bissau4.0-3.50.83.30.74.610.4-1.72.52.5
Liberia9.810.33.66.97.213.717.57.47.24.3
São Tomé and Príncipe19.59.612.817.223.118.526.017.012.37.4
Sierra Leone12.57.514.212.09.511.614.89.215.57.8
Togo3.8-0.90.46.82.21.08.72.02.12.6
Zimbabwe16.55.05.0
Sub-Saharan Africa8.510.87.68.97.27.111.610.57.96.9
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe10.57.96.9
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa9.213.28.89.18.67.711.711.97.86.5
Oil-importing countries7.47.04.26.26.87.812.210.36.56.0
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa9.18.06.88.88.98.412.813.07.06.2
CFA franc zone3.11.30.43.73.11.56.83.13.73.5
WAEMU3.41.10.34.72.22.08.01.42.42.4
CEMAC2.81.60.42.74.11.05.74.75.14.6
EAC-58.97.17.77.99.88.211.212.38.45.7
SADC7.912.36.36.76.88.111.69.37.86.6
SACU5.86.01.83.65.07.111.57.25.85.8
COMESA13.123.615.412.911.411.314.417.99.88.1
Resource-intensive countries10.417.613.513.98.35.910.510.310.18.2
Oil10.819.814.914.88.15.610.511.010.88.6
Non-oil resource-intensive countries9.08.67.59.89.27.510.96.46.35.8
Non-resource-intensive countries7.36.83.85.76.67.812.310.76.56.1
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries6.76.53.54.96.17.411.47.96.25.6
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries9.57.95.18.98.39.415.920.87.47.5
MDRI8.37.46.17.77.77.612.413.26.36.1
Fixed exchange rate regime3.92.51.34.14.02.57.84.04.13.9
Floating exchange rate regime9.613.09.110.08.08.112.512.08.87.6
Sources: IMF, African Department database, April 16, 2010; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, April 9, 2010.
Table SA6.Total Investment(Percent of GDP)
2004–2008200320042005200620072008200920102011
Oil-exporting countries21.324.621.720.821.121.521.224.723.023.2
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria18.823.219.117.518.919.618.822.420.820.4
Angola11.712.79.18.111.314.015.817.515.014.3
Cameroon18.117.518.919.116.817.618.116.616.917.6
Chad25.752.124.320.232.626.624.831.639.231.2
Congo, Rep. of23.626.122.522.424.826.422.124.923.122.0
Equatorial Guinea35.459.743.739.932.535.325.846.629.234.9
Gabon23.223.924.421.325.823.620.722.933.333.4
Nigeria22.925.423.322.822.622.822.826.224.525.0
Middle-income countries20.417.419.018.620.121.722.619.822.822.7
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa25.525.226.123.724.025.628.224.127.029.4
Botswana28.330.033.226.324.025.832.324.028.231.8
Cape Verde44.631.339.241.443.450.948.149.148.348.2
Lesotho26.332.424.623.924.827.930.533.334.133.9
Mauritius25.523.524.422.526.626.827.223.529.233.4
Namibia21.619.419.119.722.323.723.421.922.022.5
Seychelles27.79.59.734.328.134.432.133.831.332.7
South Africa19.716.318.017.919.621.221.819.322.221.8
Swaziland15.021.315.515.814.614.015.315.514.613.2
Low-income countries23.419.621.322.423.024.725.623.524.625.1
Benin19.819.619.019.618.121.420.824.825.125.0
Burkina Faso18.717.716.220.316.419.620.918.619.719.9
Ethiopia24.221.625.523.024.225.822.522.424.325.1
Ghana31.522.928.429.030.433.835.930.134.832.9
Kenya17.913.114.416.318.117.123.416.516.417.4
Madagascar27.316.825.823.825.028.333.424.220.621.5
Malawi23.517.118.222.722.827.326.523.928.324.0
Mali21.224.521.522.120.921.020.818.220.320.7
Mozambique17.422.018.618.717.716.115.721.025.226.5
Niger22.716.314.623.123.623.029.236.337.938.0
Rwanda20.918.419.920.919.720.223.521.222.322.0
Senegal30.225.926.028.528.234.533.828.529.330.0
Tanzania26.919.222.625.127.629.629.827.828.028.6
Uganda22.121.020.222.421.223.723.024.223.324.7
Zambia21.523.322.121.221.322.020.823.523.824.1
Fragile countries13.212.712.812.812.412.715.214.217.319.4
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe
Burundi15.410.613.310.816.317.519.420.420.622.3
Central African Republic9.76.36.89.810.110.011.611.411.812.7
Comoros10.710.39.49.39.611.214.313.415.616.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. of16.012.312.813.813.318.222.019.433.437.4
Côte d'Ivoire9.710.110.89.79.38.710.110.29.511.2
Eritrea15.926.520.320.313.712.712.79.111.810.0
Gambia, The13.420.017.413.313.28.914.415.517.215.7
Guinea17.821.620.719.517.214.217.213.010.011.2
Guinea-Bissau13.212.013.513.012.913.313.515.916.716.6
Liberia
São Tomé and Príncipe
Sierra Leone14.214.010.617.015.313.214.814.816.116.6
Togo16.314.514.616.316.714.818.918.419.620.9
Zimbabwe
Sub-Saharan Africa21.019.920.119.920.721.922.522.223.023.3
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa21.220.120.220.120.722.022.822.323.023.5
Oil-importing countries20.917.819.319.520.522.123.120.823.123.4
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa22.019.120.521.021.422.924.422.223.824.7
CFA franc zone21.022.820.720.820.821.721.023.223.223.6
WAEMU18.717.417.018.717.719.520.720.020.621.4
CEMAC23.328.724.523.024.023.921.226.425.725.8
EAC-521.816.918.620.621.922.725.322.422.323.2
SADC19.917.218.418.119.621.322.220.322.422.4
SACU20.217.218.818.419.921.522.319.622.422.2
COMESA19.216.917.617.518.820.321.620.420.921.4
Resource-intensive countries20.823.621.420.320.520.921.023.622.322.7
Oil21.324.621.720.821.121.521.224.723.023.2
Non-oil resource-intensive countries18.719.220.118.017.517.820.017.618.320.0
Non-resource-intensive countries21.217.619.219.720.922.623.521.223.623.8
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries21.217.219.019.421.022.623.720.923.223.3
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries21.319.319.820.820.622.722.622.324.725.4
MDRI23.620.322.023.023.025.025.123.825.025.4
Fixed exchange rate regime21.823.321.721.421.322.322.323.323.724.4
Floating exchange rate regime20.819.119.719.620.621.822.521.922.923.1
Sources: IMF, African Department database, April 16, 2010; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, April 9, 2010.
Table SA7.Domestic Saving(Percent of GDP)
2004–2008200320042005200620072008200920102011
Oil-exporting countries39.628.535.539.243.839.539.730.333.834.1
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria40.529.933.140.846.642.139.730.031.931.5
Angola39.619.225.137.949.145.040.729.030.030.1
Cameroon14.817.818.518.118.97.710.812.312.111.6
Chad27.315.615.427.137.529.127.44.817.812.8
Congo, Rep. of52.655.347.958.760.749.346.642.347.749.9
Equatorial Guinea81.780.178.983.786.186.973.158.857.055.6
Gabon57.548.154.658.356.057.561.049.051.151.3
Nigeria38.927.837.038.241.937.839.730.535.135.8
Middle-income countries18.519.518.518.218.018.918.817.319.417.8
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa22.725.624.523.423.923.318.59.112.314.7
Botswana39.441.040.543.140.438.334.613.021.725.3
Cape Verde4.3-7.2-5.72.03.912.29.010.87.06.9
Lesotho-22.2-22.0-23.2-24.7-21.1-21.9-19.9-23.8-25.3-17.2
Mauritius16.624.722.016.515.316.612.511.210.712.2
Namibia19.012.815.616.624.722.715.39.311.512.9
Seychelles8.813.25.715.614.217.4-9.119.04.49.4
South Africa17.918.717.717.517.218.318.818.420.418.3
Swaziland3.623.313.80.81.81.5-0.2-0.4-0.4-2.3
Low-income countries9.08.68.88.69.09.68.98.49.211.7
Benin8.16.76.710.28.06.59.111.813.213.8
Burkina Faso3.94.31.94.83.15.44.36.35.86.9
Ethiopia5.18.35.03.03.78.75.31.02.74.5
Ghana5.39.17.33.75.56.82.910.99.719.0
Kenya6.96.26.67.27.25.87.94.83.75.4
Madagascar11.26.710.99.913.712.39.16.36.121.7
Malawi0.93.20.0-5.50.29.30.56.212.810.4
Mali12.817.213.113.215.712.09.97.09.210.9
Mozambique6.23.57.76.58.86.31.62.26.18.5
Niger9.16.43.58.710.510.912.113.013.814.9
Rwanda7.55.38.48.95.86.18.33.23.54.8
Senegal11.313.813.413.110.712.17.38.59.910.8
Tanzania15.114.916.216.214.512.816.215.717.118.2
Uganda11.17.210.111.78.110.315.312.813.213.8
Zambia20.47.414.316.927.224.219.426.826.425.6
Fragile countries10.514.212.510.311.39.38.89.713.014.3
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe
Burundi-18.9-8.7-11.0-18.3-22.2-22.2-20.8-11.9-12.1-8.0
Central African Republic0.71.70.31.72.40.7-1.4-0.1-0.81.3
Comoros-14.2-3.4-8.5-12.2-14.8-15.7-19.8-16.5-13.5-13.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. of8.811.210.03.78.514.96.90.717.220.9
Côte d'Ivoire17.821.020.017.219.614.617.922.121.120.7
Eritrea-19.9-34.6-33.8-28.4-17.8-10.3-9.0-6.9-3.53.1
Gambia, The-5.910.7-3.6-9.5-4.0-7.3-4.9-4.8-3.9-4.9
Guinea12.721.518.418.313.95.87.32.8-0.22.1
Guinea-Bissau4.43.57.55.9-2.04.26.77.38.48.0
Liberia
São Tomé and Príncipe
Sierra Leone3.6-3.5-0.44.17.66.10.814.716.217.0
Togo3.20.5-0.510.14.0-0.12.62.72.63.0
Zimbabwe
Sub-Saharan Africa22.519.321.322.123.722.822.719.021.421.7
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa18.916.217.118.620.619.718.414.616.117.7
Oil-importing countries14.315.114.514.014.114.614.213.214.815.0
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa11.011.711.510.811.211.210.08.710.112.4
CFA franc zone25.423.524.126.827.624.424.121.222.622.6
WAEMU11.413.011.612.312.010.410.612.412.713.3
CEMAC39.635.236.741.543.538.537.730.132.632.0
EAC-510.08.810.110.69.18.511.79.810.111.4
SADC19.717.918.018.820.521.120.317.720.119.5
SACU18.619.518.518.318.119.019.117.519.718.1
COMESA16.210.912.214.118.219.317.212.113.715.4
Resource-intensive countries36.627.333.336.340.636.636.528.231.431.9
Oil39.628.535.539.243.839.539.730.333.834.1
Non-oil resource-intensive countries22.722.122.923.125.621.920.217.018.719.8
Non-resource-intensive countries13.314.213.413.012.813.813.512.714.414.5
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries15.115.815.315.014.715.315.415.216.616.3
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries6.27.86.14.85.28.36.74.37.08.5
MDRI9.910.110.39.910.310.09.19.410.412.7
Fixed exchange rate regime25.123.824.326.427.324.523.318.920.821.3
Floating exchange rate regime21.918.220.621.122.922.522.619.021.521.8
Sources: IMF, African Department database, April 16, 2010; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, April 9, 2010.
Table SA8.Overall Fiscal Balance, Including Grants(General government; percent of GDP)
2004–2008200320042005200620072008200920102011
Oil-exporting countries6.9-2.35.88.411.33.35.8-7.7-3.40.0
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria9.1-0.61.87.017.99.79.0-4.02.83.5
Angola8.4-6.4-0.57.314.811.68.8-7.33.14.5
Cameroon7.71.3-0.50.133.14.71.2-0.1-2.1-1.2
Chad1.3-6.3-3.0-0.42.43.14.5-10.3-1.21.4
Congo, Rep. of13.50.33.614.616.49.423.14.720.724.9
Equatorial Guinea17.911.812.320.623.517.815.4-8.00.8-6.4
Gabon9.27.47.68.79.28.711.77.52.02.1
Nigeria5.4-3.38.19.37.0-1.13.7-10.1-7.5-2.3
Middle-income countries0.0-2.0-1.30.21.21.5-1.8-6.1-6.5-4.9
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa1.4-3.0-1.61.34.53.5-1.0-5.8-9.3-7.5
Botswana4.4-1.00.96.910.56.3-2.8-9.1-12.2-9.1
Cape Verde-3.4-4.3-3.8-6.4-5.0-0.7-1.2-5.0-10.0-10.1
Lesotho8.2-0.56.25.213.610.65.30.3-12.9-11.4
Mauritius-4.6-5.6-5.2-5.1-5.0-4.3-3.5-3.4-4.9-3.9
Namibia1.8-4.7-2.9-0.53.16.13.3-4.7-7.3-6.0
Seychelles-3.6-0.8-1.00.7-7.6-8.9-1.02.0-2.2-1.8
South Africa-0.2-1.9-1.20.00.81.2-1.9-6.1-6.1-4.6
Swaziland1.8-2.9-4.2-2.67.47.51.0-6.3-13.3-12.5
Low-income countries-2.2-3.8-2.8-3.42.7-3.2-4.2-4.4-4.0-3.8
Benin-0.2-0.2-0.1-1.50.50.3-0.1-3.2-2.5-2.2
Burkina Faso-0.9-2.0-4.7-5.515.5-5.6-4.1-4.7-3.5-3.1
Ethiopia-3.5-7.0-3.0-4.4-3.9-3.6-2.9-0.9-2.3-3.6
Ghana-8.2-4.9-5.0-4.6-7.5-9.2-14.5-9.7-8.0-4.0
Kenya-3.3-3.5-1.3-3.0-3.6-4.0-4.9-5.9-6.2-5.0
Madagascar4.5-4.8-5.7-4.337.4-2.9-2.1-3.5-2.2-3.3
Malawi-3.0-4.7-4.8-1.31.3-4.7-5.4-5.3-0.90.8
Mali4.0-1.3-2.6-3.131.3-3.2-2.2-4.7-4.7-3.9
Mozambique-3.3-3.7-4.4-2.8-4.1-2.9-2.5-5.6-4.7-7.3
Niger7.1-2.9-3.5-2.040.3-1.01.5-5.6-4.0-2.6
Rwanda0.3-1.71.30.90.2-1.71.0-2.31.0-0.8
Senegal-3.7-1.8-2.1-2.9-5.6-3.9-4.3-5.1-4.3-4.1
Tanzania-3.6-3.1-3.2-5.2-4.40.0-5.1-6.0-5.1-4.8
Uganda-1.4-4.2-1.2-0.6-0.9-1.3-3.0-2.1-2.4-3.3
Zambia2.4-6.1-2.9-2.820.2-1.3-1.5-3.0-2.5-1.8
Fragile countries-1.8-2.9-3.3-3.1-1.70.4-1.5-0.9-4.3-4.7
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe-1.7-3.5-1.90.1-1.6-1.0-4.4-4.7
Burundi-2.3-6.5-5.3-5.2-1.51.0-0.861.4-4.0-3.4
Central African Republic-0.1-2.3-1.8-3.26.4-0.4-1.60.2-2.7-1.8
Comoros-1.7-3.4-1.70.1-2.6-2.0-2.50.8-2.3-2.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. of-1.9-0.6-3.8-3.80.4-2.50.4-4.4-9.5-10.2
Côte d'Ivoire-2.3-2.8-2.6-2.8-2.4-1.3-2.3-2.1-2.5-3.9
Eritrea-17.9-17.2-16.6-22.2-14.1-15.7-21.1-14.7-14.6-12.9
Gambia, The-4.3-4.9-5.8-7.9-6.60.6-1.6-2.2-1.2-0.7
Guinea-2.2-6.4-5.3-1.6-3.10.3-1.3-7.2-1.0-0.4
Guinea-Bissau-5.6-6.1-7.6-6.0-4.6-5.8-3.81.8-3.2-1.2
Liberia20.01.00.00.05.93.890.4222.557.8-2.1
São Tomé and Príncipe23.8-13.9-11.826.4-9.5120.7-6.9-16.9-9.93.5
Sierra Leone2.7-6.5-3.2-2.0-2.325.7-4.8-3.2-4.5-4.7
Togo-1.82.41.0-3.5-3.8-1.9-0.9-2.6-4.0-2.4
Zimbabwe1-5.5-10.4-3.8-4.4-3.2-1.7-7.6-3.6
Sub-Saharan Africa1.6-2.60.51.74.70.80.2-5.9-4.6-2.9
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe1.81.74.70.80.2-5.9-4.7-2.9
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa1.2-2.8-1.6-0.26.41.40.1-4.0-2.6-2.2
Oil-importing countries-1.0-2.7-2.0-1.41.6-0.4-2.7-5.0-5.3-4.4
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa-1.7-3.6-2.7-2.72.3-1.8-3.4-4.0-4.6-4.3
CFA franc zone4.30.30.21.613.62.73.2-2.4-0.5-0.5
WAEMU-0.6-1.9-2.5-3.17.6-2.6-2.3-3.7-3.5-3.4
CEMAC9.22.63.06.519.87.98.8-1.02.42.4
EAC-5-2.8-3.5-1.8-3.0-3.0-1.9-4.1-3.6-4.4-4.2
SADC0.7-2.6-1.70.23.52.1-0.7-6.0-4.9-3.6
SACU0.1-1.9-1.10.31.51.7-1.7-6.2-6.5-4.9
COMESA0.8-4.8-2.3-0.75.11.10.5-3.8-2.2-1.9
Resource-intensive countries5.8-2.64.36.910.23.24.6-7.2-3.7-0.8
Oil6.9-2.35.88.411.33.35.8-7.7-3.40.0
Non-oil resource-intensive countries0.9-3.6-2.10.14.93.1-1.6-4.8-5.4-4.7
Non-resource-intensive countries-1.2-2.6-2.0-1.61.2-0.8-2.8-5.0-5.3-4.4
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries-1.3-2.4-1.8-1.30.1-0.3-3.0-6.0-5.8-4.5
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries-1.0-3.8-2.7-2.95.1-2.4-2.1-1.8-3.6-4.0
MDRI-0.8-3.3-2.8-3.07.1-1.9-3.5-3.7-3.5-3.4
Fixed exchange rate regime4.0-0.20.11.912.43.22.6-3.1-2.3-1.9
Floating exchange rate regime1.0-3.20.61.72.90.3-0.4-6.5-5.2-3.1
Sources: IMF, African Department database, April 16, 2010; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, April 9, 2010.
Table SA9.Overall Fiscal Balance, Excluding Grants(General government; percent of GDP)
2004–2008200320042005200620072008200920102011
Oil-exporting countries6.3-2.75.68.28.83.15.7-7.9-3.6-0.2
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria7.5-1.71.26.411.79.38.6-4.52.43.1
Angola8.3-7.2-1.07.114.811.58.8-7.43.04.4
Cameroon1.50.8-0.8-0.44.73.50.4-0.9-2.9-1.9
Chad-0.9-14.0-6.0-3.70.51.73.0-13.9-3.6-1.0
Congo, Rep. of13.1-0.23.314.516.39.122.54.320.224.3
Equatorial Guinea17.911.812.320.623.517.815.4-8.00.8-6.4
Gabon9.27.47.58.79.28.711.77.52.02.0
Nigeria5.4-3.38.19.37.0-1.13.7-10.1-7.5-2.3
Middle-income countries-0.1-2.1-1.40.11.21.4-1.9-6.2-6.6-5.1
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa0.7-3.5-2.30.73.93.0-1.7-6.8-10.3-8.7
Botswana3.8-1.20.36.610.05.6-3.5-9.6-12.6-9.4
Cape Verde-9.5-9.8-12.8-12.8-10.5-5.3-6.1-9.7-15.8-14.7
Lesotho6.3-3.43.33.012.59.23.6-3.6-20.0-21.9
Mauritius-4.9-5.8-5.5-5.3-5.2-4.5-4.1-5.0-5.6-5.1
Namibia1.7-4.8-3.1-0.63.06.03.2-4.9-7.5-6.2
Seychelles-4.8-0.8-1.1-0.4-8.9-9.2-4.3-0.2-5.2-4.1
South Africa-0.2-1.9-1.20.00.81.2-1.9-6.1-6.1-4.6
Swaziland1.1-3.9-5.0-3.66.57.00.5-7.1-14.8-13.7
Low-income countries-8.3-8.9-8.2-8.2-8.2-8.3-8.4-8.9-8.3-7.9
Benin-2.5-1.9-2.7-3.5-1.8-2.6-1.8-6.3-5.7-5.4
Burkina Faso-10.1-7.5-9.3-10.1-11.2-12.1-8.0-10.5-9.8-9.2
Ethiopia-7.7-13.6-7.6-8.7-7.4-8.0-6.9-5.2-6.1-7.5
Ghana-13.7-9.6-11.3-9.9-13.0-15.3-19.2-14.7-13.1-7.9
Kenya-4.5-5.4-2.5-4.2-4.7-5.1-6.0-7.1-7.5-6.2
Madagascar-9.4-9.9-13.9-10.1-10.5-7.2-5.5-4.5-3.3-5.7
Malawi-15.8-12.6-15.1-13.4-14.2-18.6-17.7-14.0-15.2-10.7
Mali-6.9-5.7-6.5-7.1-7.6-7.9-5.7-9.4-8.5-7.5
Mozambique-11.3-12.9-11.7-8.8-12.0-12.2-11.9-15.2-13.5-16.7
Niger-7.6-7.9-9.3-9.5-6.8-8.1-4.4-10.3-7.9-8.7
Rwanda-10.1-9.0-9.2-10.8-9.6-10.7-10.0-13.1-12.1-12.6
Senegal-6.5-4.2-5.3-5.8-7.9-6.8-6.9-8.5-7.0-6.5
Tanzania-9.9-8.8-10.6-11.0-9.7-7.6-10.6-12.7-10.3-9.7
Uganda-7.0-10.4-9.0-8.1-6.3-5.8-5.7-5.5-4.7-5.1
Zambia-6.9-13.1-8.5-8.4-6.3-5.8-5.2-7.2-5.9-4.4
Fragile countries-5.3-4.9-5.6-6.2-5.9-3.6-5.2-6.5-8.9-9.0
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe-5.2-6.5-5.8-3.6-5.1-6.3-8.8-8.8
Burundi-22.2-14.1-21.5-20.8-21.8-21.0-25.7-20.5-32.1-30.7
Central African Republic-6.1-3.9-5.2-7.4-7.0-4.5-6.3-5.0-8.1-6.5
Comoros-7.8-5.7-4.5-4.2-7.6-9.7-13.0-10.1-8.4-8.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. of-6.2-2.6-5.8-9.0-7.6-4.0-4.5-8.9-18.2-17.0
Côte d'Ivoire-3.3-3.6-3.5-3.9-3.0-1.9-4.0-2.7-3.4-4.9
Eritrea-24.8-36.0-31.7-31.5-18.2-18.8-24.0-17.2-21.0-17.3
Gambia, The-4.3-4.9-5.8-7.9-6.60.6-1.6-2.2-1.2-0.7
Guinea-3.1-9.3-6.4-2.3-4.6-0.5-1.8-7.6-1.7-1.1
Guinea-Bissau-13.1-11.3-16.3-12.5-10.8-14.0-11.9-13.5-13.6-12.5
Liberia1.20.2-0.30.05.83.6-3.0-1.7-6.3-7.1
São Tomé and Príncipe-16.7-33.5-31.09.4-25.40.5-36.9-36.0-27.5-11.5
Sierra Leone-10.0-14.2-11.9-11.8-10.5-6.3-9.4-10.6-11.4-10.9
Togo-3.11.90.2-4.6-5.2-3.6-2.5-5.6-6.7-6.7
Zimbabwe1-5.5-10.4-3.8-4.4-3.2-2.7-7.6-4.3
Sub-Saharan Africa-0.4-4.1-1.00.20.9-0.7-1.2-7.5-6.1-4.3
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe-0.20.20.9-0.8-1.2-7.5-6.1-4.3
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa-2.9-6.1-4.9-3.3-1.5-1.9-2.7-7.3-5.5-5.0
Oil-importing countries-3.6-4.8-4.2-3.5-2.9-2.6-4.6-7.3-7.5-6.5
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa-6.7-7.5-7.0-6.8-6.3-6.1-7.1-8.3-8.6-8.1
CFA franc zone0.3-1.7-1.5-0.31.30.61.4-4.6-2.5-2.6
WAEMU-5.7-4.5-5.4-6.1-6.1-5.9-5.2-7.1-6.6-6.8
CEMAC6.41.32.35.68.97.18.1-2.01.61.6
EAC-5-7.4-7.9-7.2-7.9-7.3-6.7-8.1-9.2-8.6-8.0
SADC-0.8-3.8-2.9-1.00.81.0-1.7-7.2-6.1-4.8
SACU0.1-1.9-1.20.31.41.6-1.8-6.2-6.6-5.0
COMESA-3.0-8.3-5.8-4.2-1.4-1.6-2.2-6.9-5.1-4.5
Resource-intensive countries4.9-3.33.86.47.32.64.2-7.6-4.1-1.1
Oil6.3-2.75.68.28.83.15.7-7.9-3.6-0.2
Non-oil resource-intensive countries-1.7-5.6-3.9-1.70.00.3-3.2-6.3-6.8-6.0
Non-resource-intensive countries-3.8-4.7-4.3-3.7-3.2-3.0-4.8-7.4-7.5-6.6
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries-2.7-3.6-3.3-2.4-2.1-1.7-4.2-7.3-7.0-5.8
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries-7.9-9.2-8.3-8.8-7.6-7.7-7.0-7.7-9.2-9.2
MDRI-7.8-8.3-8.2-8.0-7.4-7.5-7.9-8.4-7.9-7.6
Fixed exchange rate regime0.7-1.9-1.50.22.31.40.9-5.1-4.1-3.8
Floating exchange rate regime-0.6-4.7-0.90.30.6-1.2-1.6-8.0-6.5-4.4
Sources: IMF, African Department database, April 16, 2010; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, April 9, 2010.
Table SA10.Government Revenue, Excluding Grants(General government; percent of GDP)
2004–2008200320042005200620072008200920102011
Oil-exporting countries33.830.232.334.834.631.635.623.928.928.4
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria33.727.127.229.835.736.339.530.632.131.7
Angola44.337.237.540.446.446.750.535.539.338.2
Cameroon17.516.215.214.219.319.120.017.616.416.7
Chad16.87.88.59.416.922.826.416.722.022.3
Congo, Rep. of39.729.730.038.644.339.146.229.141.142.8
Equatorial Guinea36.127.529.834.740.838.337.041.029.127.7
Gabon30.930.130.131.331.729.531.932.430.529.6
Nigeria33.732.035.437.933.928.432.819.426.826.2
Middle-income countries27.825.325.927.528.428.828.227.227.027.6
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa31.530.430.132.133.232.130.329.626.026.4
Botswana36.939.136.640.139.236.632.132.829.130.6
Cape Verde23.921.523.023.723.824.025.021.223.025.3
Lesotho58.146.451.152.861.762.462.765.547.040.4
Mauritius17.917.417.918.518.017.117.820.120.419.8
Namibia29.026.525.627.329.431.730.925.123.224.9
Seychelles36.438.740.840.040.631.728.934.227.629.3
South Africa27.224.625.326.827.728.427.926.827.127.8
Swaziland36.226.530.432.340.039.339.235.423.821.9
Low-income countries16.315.316.015.916.216.816.816.317.317.6
Benin18.618.617.717.617.620.619.418.420.620.4
Burkina Faso13.012.313.512.712.413.513.113.613.314.1
Ethiopia14.016.216.114.614.812.712.012.014.113.4
Ghana22.320.222.421.821.922.722.822.525.825.9
Kenya20.417.820.220.020.020.920.821.221.922.4
Madagascar11.810.312.010.911.211.713.210.810.110.6
Malawi19.116.016.819.217.520.221.723.024.925.2
Mali16.916.417.317.517.316.615.516.616.816.9
Mozambique14.813.113.114.115.015.916.017.818.418.7
Niger13.710.211.410.613.015.018.413.913.413.4
Rwanda12.812.312.212.512.112.314.912.812.813.3
Senegal18.917.517.517.818.720.719.618.519.319.6
Tanzania15.212.112.713.315.317.417.316.717.217.6
Uganda12.211.510.912.212.512.612.812.512.513.1
Zambia18.018.218.517.617.218.418.615.715.915.8
Fragile countries15.413.414.114.415.516.316.717.418.018.0
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe15.414.715.315.616.117.618.418.4
Burundi17.421.118.616.116.417.518.526.416.216.7
Central African Republic9.48.18.38.29.510.310.410.810.710.8
Comoros14.115.815.615.713.612.713.114.013.613.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. of13.47.79.511.312.914.818.516.818.919.2
Côte d'Ivoire17.216.116.616.017.818.617.118.318.918.3
Eritrea22.331.023.225.923.021.218.213.113.113.7
Gambia, The22.518.225.521.422.522.620.525.125.425.6
Guinea14.111.011.514.514.414.315.616.419.219.3
Guinea-Bissau8.97.58.48.99.88.09.19.010.310.0
Liberia19.111.214.914.618.623.424.126.830.928.4
São Tomé and Príncipe31.915.616.964.020.940.117.717.019.030.5
Sierra Leone11.912.512.312.312.311.311.412.111.312.2
Togo16.717.016.815.716.917.017.019.017.518.2
Zimbabwe19.719.811.34.33.421.226.126.1
Sub-Saharan Africa26.223.624.826.226.626.027.122.724.624.7
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe26.426.226.626.027.122.724.624.7
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa22.319.420.020.922.923.524.321.522.222.2
Oil-importing countries22.520.621.222.122.823.322.922.122.422.7
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa18.116.917.517.718.218.618.418.018.418.6
CFA franc zone20.918.018.419.121.922.323.021.421.321.3
WAEMU16.615.616.015.716.517.717.017.017.417.4
CEMAC25.420.820.822.627.427.029.125.825.225.2
EAC-516.414.515.315.716.317.417.517.317.518.0
SADC27.424.124.826.428.028.829.226.326.927.2
SACU28.025.526.127.728.729.228.527.427.227.8
COMESA23.520.321.021.924.024.626.221.522.922.7
Resource-intensive countries31.928.730.532.732.730.333.423.527.727.3
Oil33.830.232.334.834.631.635.623.928.928.4
Non-oil resource-intensive countries23.222.422.323.424.024.122.521.721.021.5
Non-resource-intensive countries22.420.421.122.022.723.222.922.122.522.8
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries24.221.822.723.724.525.324.924.124.625.1
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries15.214.414.814.915.515.315.715.315.615.4
MDRI15.814.915.215.015.916.416.415.716.516.7
Fixed exchange rate regime23.620.921.122.124.724.925.023.322.422.5
Floating exchange rate regime26.824.325.727.227.126.327.622.625.125.1
Sources: IMF, African Department database, April 16, 2010; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, April 9, 2010.
Table SA11.Government Expenditure(Central government; percent of GDP)
2004–2008200320042005200620072008200920102011
Oil-exporting countries27.532.926.726.625.828.429.931.732.528.6
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria26.228.825.923.324.026.930.935.129.728.6
Angola36.044.338.533.331.635.241.642.936.333.7
Cameroon16.115.416.014.614.515.619.618.419.318.6
Chad17.721.914.413.116.521.123.430.625.623.2
Congo, Rep. of26.529.926.724.228.030.023.824.820.918.5
Equatorial Guinea18.215.717.514.117.320.521.649.028.334.1
Gabon21.822.822.622.722.520.920.224.928.627.6
Nigeria28.335.327.228.726.929.529.229.534.228.5
Middle-income countries27.927.427.227.427.227.430.133.433.632.7
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa30.833.932.431.429.229.132.036.536.335.1
Botswana33.140.336.333.529.231.035.542.441.640.0
Cape Verde33.431.335.836.534.429.331.130.938.840.0
Lesotho51.849.747.849.849.253.359.169.166.962.3
Mauritius22.823.223.423.923.221.621.925.126.025.0
Namibia27.331.428.627.926.425.627.830.030.631.1
Seychelles41.239.541.940.449.640.933.234.432.833.4
South Africa27.526.526.526.826.927.229.833.033.232.3
Swaziland35.230.435.535.933.432.338.742.638.635.6
Low-income countries24.624.124.224.124.525.125.225.325.625.4
Benin21.120.520.421.219.323.321.224.726.425.8
Burkina Faso23.219.822.822.723.625.621.224.123.123.3
Ethiopia21.829.723.723.322.320.718.917.220.220.9
Ghana36.129.833.731.734.938.142.037.239.033.8
Kenya24.923.222.624.224.726.026.828.329.428.7
Madagascar21.220.226.021.021.718.918.715.413.416.3
Malawi34.828.631.932.631.638.839.437.140.135.9
Mali23.822.123.824.624.924.521.226.025.324.4
Mozambique26.126.024.822.927.028.127.932.931.935.4
Niger21.318.120.720.219.823.122.824.221.322.2
Rwanda22.921.421.323.421.723.124.825.925.025.8
Senegal25.421.822.723.626.627.526.527.026.326.1
Tanzania25.120.923.224.324.924.927.929.427.527.3
Uganda19.121.919.820.218.718.418.618.017.318.2
Zambia24.931.327.026.123.524.323.822.921.820.2
Fragile countries20.718.319.720.621.419.823.921.926.927.0
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe20.721.221.119.321.223.927.227.1
Burundi39.635.240.236.938.238.544.246.948.347.3
Central African Republic15.412.013.515.616.514.816.715.818.917.3
Comoros21.921.520.119.921.222.326.024.122.022.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. of19.610.315.320.320.418.823.025.737.236.2
Côte d'Ivoire20.519.620.119.920.820.521.121.122.323.2
Eritrea47.167.054.857.541.239.942.130.434.131.0
Gambia, The26.823.131.329.429.122.022.227.326.626.3
Guinea17.220.417.916.918.914.817.424.020.920.4
Guinea-Bissau22.018.824.721.420.622.021.022.523.922.5
Liberia17.911.015.114.612.919.827.128.637.335.5
São Tomé and Príncipe48.649.147.954.746.339.654.653.046.542.0
Sierra Leone21.926.724.224.122.717.720.722.722.823.0
Togo19.815.216.620.422.120.619.524.624.224.9
Zimbabwe115.230.315.18.76.523.933.730.4
Sub-Saharan Africa26.527.725.925.925.726.828.330.230.729.0
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe26.725.925.726.728.330.230.829.0
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa25.225.524.924.224.425.427.028.727.827.2
Oil-importing countries26.125.425.525.625.725.927.529.429.829.2
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa24.824.424.524.524.624.825.526.327.026.7
CFA franc zone20.619.819.919.420.621.821.625.923.823.9
WAEMU22.320.121.421.822.623.622.224.124.024.2
CEMAC19.019.418.517.018.519.921.027.823.623.6
EAC-523.922.422.523.623.624.125.526.526.126.0
SADC28.227.927.727.327.227.930.933.532.932.0
SACU28.027.527.327.427.227.530.333.633.832.9
COMESA26.628.626.826.125.426.228.328.428.027.3
Resource-intensive countries27.132.026.626.325.527.729.231.131.728.4
Oil27.532.926.726.625.828.429.931.732.528.6
Non-oil resource-intensive countries25.028.026.225.124.023.825.727.927.827.5
Non-resource-intensive countries26.225.125.425.725.926.227.729.530.129.4
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries27.025.425.926.226.627.029.131.531.730.9
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries23.123.623.123.823.123.022.723.024.824.6
MDRI23.623.223.423.023.323.824.324.124.424.3
Fixed exchange rate regime22.922.922.721.922.423.524.028.326.526.4
Floating exchange rate regime27.428.926.626.926.527.529.330.631.729.6
Sources: IMF, African Department database, April 16, 2010; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, April 9, 2010.
Table SA12.Broad Money(Percent of GDP)
2004–2008200320042005200620072008200920102011
Oil-exporting countries22.220.217.816.719.724.532.338.637.938.2
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria17.916.015.015.016.719.223.531.028.229.1
Angola21.117.316.416.219.022.631.243.338.139.3
Cameroon19.317.718.117.918.320.821.723.524.124.1
Chad10.311.58.19.09.111.813.314.715.215.5
Congo, Rep. of16.014.013.414.016.417.818.422.718.417.7
Equatorial Guinea7.09.07.56.46.37.57.113.312.614.3
Gabon18.316.817.418.219.618.917.522.420.520.2
Nigeria25.122.719.417.821.628.138.443.744.244.1
Middle-income countries72.761.562.567.673.779.480.577.883.684.8
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa52.446.647.449.653.955.255.959.962.962.6
Botswana35.729.128.128.037.442.442.655.058.357.2
Cape Verde79.271.676.781.981.777.777.873.474.171.3
Lesotho34.532.130.531.036.637.037.342.345.047.1
Mauritius100.287.993.2102.2100.6101.6103.5101.3104.7104.2
Namibia39.336.537.137.641.739.939.939.339.740.0
Seychelles86.190.8102.5100.694.467.465.846.165.867.8
South Africa75.563.564.670.176.382.783.880.386.587.8
Swaziland23.721.621.621.624.025.426.025.025.025.0
Low-income countries29.529.528.828.329.530.730.330.631.633.0
Benin33.129.426.529.832.535.640.941.842.142.9
Burkina Faso23.227.524.420.820.825.024.727.727.728.5
Ethiopia34.844.339.038.036.133.028.124.925.826.1
Ghana37.532.033.431.336.240.945.846.547.447.8
Kenya40.939.540.139.440.342.642.342.944.546.8
Madagascar19.721.421.318.019.220.419.620.921.321.5
Malawi21.118.119.820.217.822.525.327.026.125.8
Mali28.830.629.129.629.129.726.228.130.329.4
Mozambique30.329.026.828.930.032.333.740.742.345.9
Niger15.712.615.214.015.217.316.620.822.024.1
Rwanda16.816.815.515.216.718.318.216.816.816.8
Senegal34.832.134.133.835.836.533.837.038.340.2
Tanzania24.620.721.222.226.026.726.726.728.931.4
Uganda18.219.116.917.518.018.120.621.021.321.9
Zambia22.022.122.718.222.023.223.721.521.522.0
Fragile countries22.918.820.520.822.625.025.527.827.926.4
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe23.120.422.724.424.727.928.026.5
Burundi30.527.027.729.931.731.132.031.131.731.2
Central African Republic15.514.616.418.016.014.612.512.812.913.0
Comoros25.324.523.123.125.926.627.731.328.028.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. of12.27.09.99.611.814.215.313.312.112.1
Côte d'Ivoire26.322.123.724.125.329.928.632.433.329.9
Eritrea130.2146.2129.0129.3123.9127.7141.3118.3115.5115.1
Gambia, The50.245.845.146.654.451.153.759.764.765.2
Guinea20.215.818.219.021.519.622.727.226.625.9
Guinea-Bissau19.110.915.416.817.621.624.326.126.126.1
Liberia24.115.218.821.323.525.731.139.239.438.7
São Tomé and Príncipe37.730.128.036.038.941.943.539.838.338.6
Sierra Leone21.920.519.221.121.322.725.230.328.928.0
Togo34.827.631.128.933.938.641.446.047.448.5
Zimbabwe114.614.223.513.08.029.029.429.8
Sub-Saharan Africa42.637.937.138.842.246.148.749.451.251.6
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe43.838.742.146.048.649.451.151.6
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa27.726.426.025.927.529.130.132.832.933.6
Oil-importing countries52.546.146.549.253.056.756.955.058.258.8
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa31.329.929.829.831.532.932.733.634.635.3
CFA franc zone21.620.820.320.221.223.323.026.226.326.3
WAEMU27.825.826.226.027.330.329.532.633.533.2
CEMAC15.315.214.314.415.016.316.419.819.119.3
EAC-529.027.927.327.629.230.530.630.631.933.7
SADC58.550.551.054.559.163.364.663.967.168.0
SACU71.960.561.466.572.878.879.977.383.184.3
COMESA30.530.629.929.530.130.932.334.533.734.5
Resource-intensive countries23.421.119.218.321.425.832.338.237.837.9
Oil22.220.217.816.719.724.532.338.637.938.2
Non-oil resource-intensive countries28.924.725.525.229.432.032.136.137.235.8
Non-resource-intensive countries55.248.749.052.055.759.559.657.160.561.3
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries63.154.055.058.963.868.669.467.071.672.6
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries24.626.324.924.724.725.023.723.223.724.0
MDRI26.526.225.525.326.527.727.528.129.030.1
Fixed exchange rate regime24.623.122.722.724.726.726.429.830.430.3
Floating exchange rate regime46.741.540.642.646.350.453.653.755.756.2
Sources: IMF, African Department database, April 16, 2010; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, April 9, 2010.
Table SA13.Broad Money Growth(Percent)
2004–2008200320042005200620072008200920102011
Oil-exporting countries36.624.217.923.545.239.956.717.021.116.5
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria35.424.424.836.232.533.050.614.015.915.3
Angola62.467.549.859.759.649.593.520.320.219.6
Cameroon10.5-0.97.34.29.318.613.46.98.86.1
Chad23.3-3.13.348.66.633.424.7-4.020.09.2
Congo, Rep. of28.7-2.415.936.347.96.936.45.010.59.6
Equatorial Guinea30.756.733.534.714.141.330.131.313.526.7
Gabon14.2-0.311.826.017.47.28.82.213.310.2
Nigeria38.024.114.016.054.044.861.119.124.517.3
Middle-income countries19.013.313.319.324.123.115.22.418.112.5
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa20.016.214.211.336.719.918.28.814.010.0
Botswana28.917.613.910.667.431.221.117.417.010.9
Cape Verde12.58.610.615.818.010.87.61.06.02.7
Lesotho16.86.03.49.135.316.419.717.717.014.4
Mauritius14.724.318.315.89.515.314.73.412.08.5
Namibia16.79.616.29.729.610.217.95.910.311.0
Seychelles7.06.014.01.73.0-8.024.2-16.851.810.8
South Africa18.912.913.120.522.523.614.81.618.712.9
Swaziland15.614.17.29.125.121.415.42.27.38.4
Low-income countries17.721.313.112.621.721.519.918.816.217.3
Benin15.76.6-6.721.816.517.729.37.16.28.7
Burkina Faso6.854.0-7.2-3.810.222.912.120.66.69.9
Ethiopia18.110.410.919.617.419.722.919.917.118.3
Ghana31.038.125.914.338.835.940.226.920.132.1
Kenya14.511.513.49.117.119.114.215.915.015.9
Madagascar17.16.419.44.624.924.212.610.410.613.9
Malawi26.932.231.916.216.536.933.124.411.013.3
Mali5.525.5-2.411.78.89.30.416.217.16.1
Mozambique20.215.35.927.023.324.220.332.621.123.1
Niger15.742.220.36.616.223.012.229.320.016.1
Rwanda23.015.212.116.731.330.824.27.112.512.3
Senegal9.531.512.97.412.712.71.710.69.611.4
Tanzania21.524.218.519.631.320.118.119.021.621.0
Uganda16.523.39.08.716.417.431.125.019.313.7
Zambia24.823.430.20.445.126.322.08.216.018.0
Fragile countries22.03.424.317.224.624.419.519.212.76.6
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe18.111.626.419.315.225.912.96.7
Burundi20.923.316.727.116.410.134.214.414.711.8
Central African Republic3.3-8.014.216.5-4.2-3.7-6.38.07.57.5
Comoros7.5-0.7-4.26.316.08.611.019.0-5.05.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. of44.478.359.627.448.050.536.220.822.320.6
Côte d'Ivoire11.3-26.69.57.410.323.65.717.67.5-4.3
Eritrea11.215.111.710.75.712.115.913.717.517.6
Gambia, The16.543.418.313.126.26.718.419.419.310.9
Guinea35.535.337.037.259.44.739.025.415.411.6
Guinea-Bissau25.7-65.044.020.35.330.228.612.26.06.5
Liberia33.739.438.430.927.633.438.029.98.49.5
São Tomé and Príncipe32.843.97.445.939.336.435.211.510.112.9
Sierra Leone25.326.218.932.818.925.930.232.213.112.1
Togo15.211.418.31.422.117.716.315.38.68.9
Zimbabwe1-19.7-47.961.3-44.4-48.0306.418.58.3
Sub-Saharan Africa24.318.015.318.830.028.129.212.318.314.8
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe26.318.430.127.829.012.718.314.8
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa22.919.117.518.826.124.727.616.615.615.0
Oil-importing countries18.815.214.116.623.222.617.310.016.914.0
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa18.717.415.013.223.921.719.617.715.414.8
CFA franc zone14.15.49.014.813.519.313.812.310.98.4
WAEMU10.66.75.97.512.118.78.916.19.85.6
CEMAC17.83.912.322.915.019.919.08.612.111.3
EAC-517.818.214.013.122.219.620.118.318.016.8
SADC24.019.518.122.228.826.824.37.418.514.7
SACU19.213.013.119.524.723.515.22.518.312.7
COMESA28.327.423.521.729.828.437.817.016.916.6
Resource-intensive countries33.719.517.821.143.436.749.516.819.715.0
Oil36.624.217.923.545.239.956.717.021.116.5
Non-oil resource-intensive countries20.71.217.211.035.622.217.615.612.57.0
Non-resource-intensive countries18.617.013.717.321.922.717.39.417.414.7
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries18.614.713.818.222.622.716.06.517.814.7
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries18.327.313.414.019.322.522.219.816.214.9
MDRI17.520.012.312.320.921.620.218.115.616.3
Fixed exchange rate regime15.46.89.713.918.819.614.812.011.58.8
Floating exchange rate regime26.420.816.820.032.730.132.712.419.916.2
Sources: IMF, African Department database, April 16, 2010; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, April 9, 2010.
Table SA14.Claims on Nonfinancial Private Sector(Percent of broad money)
2004–2008200320042005200620072008200920102011
Oil-exporting countries61.654.757.561.255.366.967.068.559.159.4
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria44.246.243.141.244.146.046.545.946.246.9
Angola41.032.235.234.742.050.043.144.445.746.1
Cameroon55.461.056.959.755.751.153.653.150.451.8
Chad40.053.849.339.045.730.335.942.939.539.5
Congo, Rep. of18.428.225.418.914.114.219.521.121.822.6
Equatorial Guinea42.233.230.333.640.640.865.754.559.761.2
Gabon54.269.856.750.251.856.855.349.850.051.8
Nigeria72.959.766.173.862.680.981.283.467.467.4
Middle-income countries101.1100.8101.7101.1102.3100.799.997.893.494.7
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa76.679.483.082.772.372.173.271.971.172.7
Botswana58.066.572.370.150.347.849.649.147.349.2
Cape Verde56.451.450.748.153.060.169.873.274.575.8
Lesotho28.622.123.831.226.330.730.932.431.330.9
Mauritius83.488.380.281.082.882.290.888.188.691.5
Namibia115.5123.6128.2123.3110.3111.2104.296.397.098.0
Seychelles35.223.827.230.828.742.347.153.048.948.2
South Africa104.5103.8104.4103.5106.3104.6103.5101.396.497.7
Swaziland97.375.795.0102.098.999.191.795.496.098.3
Low-income countries54.945.547.852.954.256.363.263.463.361.3
Benin53.748.456.354.351.854.951.053.251.950.8
Burkina Faso72.450.761.279.282.067.272.561.260.558.6
Ethiopia50.534.334.545.750.555.166.767.271.970.5
Ghana62.848.949.258.859.672.274.268.264.560.0
Kenya66.458.964.665.463.666.571.871.873.266.7
Madagascar52.641.247.255.952.849.957.355.958.357.2
Malawi43.929.230.637.250.148.653.158.358.361.9
Mali60.861.467.256.361.760.757.962.756.855.8
Mozambique47.243.739.445.649.146.055.866.765.660.7
Niger53.442.843.348.755.254.065.859.858.657.3
Rwanda60.560.559.560.656.752.473.367.270.977.0
Senegal65.161.359.368.763.562.271.767.266.565.1
Tanzania42.932.238.840.140.144.950.656.853.353.7
Uganda45.936.139.641.245.748.154.957.756.656.0
Zambia46.735.341.744.350.261.954.953.549.0
Fragile countries44.246.444.743.842.742.946.845.041.836.0
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe43.242.941.841.546.745.443.137.4
Burundi64.889.780.162.064.662.355.259.760.076.1
Central African Republic45.142.543.937.741.746.355.954.858.664.0
Comoros37.437.631.438.735.236.745.049.953.352.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. of31.316.721.826.628.332.247.645.739.736.8
Côte d'Ivoire56.961.860.657.256.253.656.952.747.836.9
Eritrea18.920.020.621.221.016.215.615.014.013.3
Gambia, The32.040.830.131.031.133.634.231.634.137.0
Guinea29.440.932.234.629.728.621.920.019.319.3
Guinea-Bissau11.28.85.26.511.514.218.923.122.623.9
Liberia36.163.635.232.436.037.639.339.739.540.2
São Tomé and Príncipe69.027.656.972.075.773.766.762.259.155.2
Sierra Leone23.519.523.821.221.123.428.130.934.1
Togo53.162.254.960.649.955.145.247.547.347.7
Zimbabwe129.027.826.916.544.753.769.870.0
Sub-Saharan Africa73.469.570.772.971.675.276.776.070.970.4
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe74.072.871.575.076.675.970.970.4
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa52.849.149.651.551.853.457.657.356.955.6
Oil-importing countries79.276.477.078.579.479.381.679.877.176.2
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa56.050.251.955.254.656.261.961.661.058.9
CFA franc zone53.055.353.053.153.150.355.452.751.149.7
WAEMU59.756.458.360.860.657.861.157.955.351.3
CEMAC46.154.147.645.145.542.849.747.447.048.2
EAC-554.046.550.951.851.854.660.963.162.460.7
SADC85.084.484.684.585.885.384.783.579.980.3
SACU102.0101.6102.8102.0103.2101.6100.498.393.795.0
COMESA54.246.948.651.553.556.860.660.761.860.6
Resource-intensive countries61.256.758.661.455.464.965.466.157.957.4
Oil61.654.757.561.255.366.967.068.559.159.4
Non-oil resource-intensive countries59.066.863.762.655.955.457.453.751.546.2
Non-resource-intensive countries81.577.478.680.382.182.084.382.779.979.5
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries89.186.287.588.289.789.590.488.885.284.8
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries52.240.643.449.152.953.462.061.862.462.1
MDRI52.844.945.951.452.553.860.560.760.359.0
Fixed exchange rate regime56.859.058.558.456.053.757.755.253.752.7
Floating exchange rate regime77.272.173.676.475.280.080.980.574.674.1
Sources: IMF, African Department database, April 16, 2010; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, April 9, 2010.
Table SA15.Exports of Goods and Services(Percent of GDP)
2004–2008200320042005200620072008200920102011
Oil-exporting countries51.646.848.953.650.751.852.837.543.242.1
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria64.153.256.465.065.466.867.150.555.353.6
Angola74.869.669.779.373.875.475.653.160.157.4
Cameroon28.524.022.724.529.335.231.124.025.424.2
Chad54.224.651.455.556.454.852.842.143.942.3
Congo, Rep. of77.684.371.783.085.376.471.567.670.571.6
Equatorial Guinea85.096.890.187.486.881.978.869.963.260.3
Gabon63.555.262.264.761.962.266.456.959.457.9
Nigeria42.742.744.145.841.041.041.627.834.233.6
Middle-income countries32.430.529.030.032.433.537.128.928.528.5
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa50.549.749.351.651.751.248.943.143.244.0
Botswana47.045.444.251.447.048.643.636.036.237.5
Cape Verde38.131.632.236.842.041.238.431.731.632.8
Lesotho57.354.964.253.453.656.259.152.352.953.7
Mauritius57.456.454.059.961.658.852.945.142.842.2
Namibia38.133.734.734.139.939.942.039.843.145.3
Seychelles87.871.673.581.488.685.1110.5116.7102.1104.3
South Africa30.127.926.427.430.031.335.527.126.726.5
Swaziland73.986.890.176.072.967.363.257.757.056.1
Low-income countries24.221.323.623.424.824.724.523.023.925.8
Benin15.013.714.312.913.416.817.615.315.014.8
Burkina Faso10.58.711.39.810.910.59.812.614.215.2
Ethiopia13.614.214.915.113.912.711.510.511.513.0
Ghana39.740.639.336.440.140.042.550.348.751.0
Kenya26.923.726.928.525.826.027.423.623.522.7
Madagascar29.322.432.626.929.930.526.426.726.739.8
Malawi22.219.720.620.419.124.226.521.925.225.6
Mali26.726.024.324.530.026.628.426.127.229.4
Mozambique33.728.630.931.738.435.432.3