Chapter

Statistical Appendix

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
Published Date:
October 2009
Share
  • ShareShare
Show Summary Details

Unless otherwise noted, data and projections presented in this report are IMF staff estimates at September 17, 2009, consistent with the projections underlying the September 2009 World Economic Outlook.

The data and projections cover the 44 countries of the IMF’s African Department. Data definitions follow established international statistical methodologies to the extent possible. However, in some cases data limitations limit comparability across countries.

Country Groupings

As in previous Regional Economic Outlooks, countries are aggregated into four nonoverlapping groups: oil exporters, non-oil-exporting middle-income, low-income, and fragile countries (see the appendix tables).

  • The 7 oil exporters are countries where net oil exports make up 30 percent or more of total exports. Except for Angola and Nigeria, they belong to the Central African Economic and Monetary Community. Oil exporters are classified as such even if they would otherwise qualify for another group.

  • The 8 middle-income countries are not oil exporters and, other than Lesotho, had per capita gross national income of more than US$905 in 2006, as calculated by the World Bank.

  • The 15 low-income countries are not oil exporters and had per capita gross national income equal to or lower than US$905 in 2006 and a score higher than 3.2 in the Country Policy and Institutional Assessment of the World Bank, following the classification in the 2007 Global Monitoring Report.

  • The 14 countries that are not oil exporters and had per capita gross national income equal to or lower than US$905 in 2006 and a score of 3.2 or less on the Country Policy and Institutional Assessment are categorized as fragile.

In addition, countries are classified as resource-rich if their primary commodity rents exceed 10 percent of GDP. Non-resource-rich countries are also classified by whether they are coastal or landlocked (Table SA MN 1).

Finally, countries are grouped into regional cooperation bodies: CFA franc zone, comprising the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) and the Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC); East Africa Community (EAC-5); Southern African Development Community (SADC); Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa. (COMESA); and Southern Africa Customs Union (SACU) (Table SA MN 2).

Unless otherwise noted, group aggregates exclude data for Eritrea, Liberia, and Zimbabwe because of data limitations. EAC-5 aggregates include data for Rwanda and Burundi, which joined only in 2007. COMESA aggregates exclude data for Sudan.

Methods of Aggregation

In Tables SA12, SA21, and SA22, country group composites are calculated as the arithmetic average of data for individual countries, weighted by GDP valued at purchasing power parity as a share of total group GDP. The source of purchasing power parity weights is the WEO database.

In Tables SA34, SA612, SA1420, and SA2325, country group composites are calculated as the arithmetic average of data for individual countries, weighted by GDP in U.S. dollars at market exchange rates as a share of total group GDP.

In Table SA5, country group composites are calculated as the geometric average of data for individual countries, weighted by GDP valued at purchasing power parity as a share of total group GDP. The source of purchasing power parity weights is the WEO database.

In Table SA13, country group composites are calculated as the geometric average of data for individual countries, weighted by GDP in U.S. dollars at market exchange rates as a share of total group GDP.

Table SA MN 1.Sub-Saharan Africa: Country Groupings
Resource-RichNon-Resource-Rich
OilNon-oilCoastalLandlocked
AngolaBotswanaBenin *Burkina Faso *
Cameroon *Côte d’IvoireCape VerdeBurundi
ChadGuineaComorosCentral African Republic
Congo, Rep. ofNamibiaGambia, The *Congo, Dem. Rep. of
Equatorial GuineaSão Tomé and Príncipe *Ghana *Ethiopia *
GabonSierra Leone *Guinea-BissauLesotho
NigeriaZambia *KenyaMalawi *
Madagascar *Mali *
MauritiusNiger *
Mozambique *Rwanda *
Senegal *Swaziland
SeychellesUganda *
South AfricaZimbabwe
Tanzania *
Togo
Table SA MN 2.Member Countries of the Regional Groupings in Africa
The West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU)Economic and Monetary Community of Central African States (CEMAC)Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)East Africa Community (EAC-5)Southern African Development Community (SADC)Southern Africa Customs Union (SACU)
BeninCameroonAngolaBurundiAngolaBotswana
Burkina FasoCentral African RepublicBurundiKenyaBotswanaLesotho
Côte d’IvoireComorosRwandaCongo, Dem. Rep. ofNamibia
Guinea-BissauChadCongo, Dem. Rep. ofTanzaniaLesothoSouth Africa
MaliCongo, Rep. ofDjiboutiUgandaMalawiSwaziland
NigerEquatorial GuineaEgyptMauritius
SenegalEritreaMozambique
TogoGabonEthiopiaNamibia
KenyaSeychelles
MadagascarSouth Africa
MalawiSwaziland
MauritiusTanzania
RwandaZambia
SeychellesZimbabwe
Sudan
Swaziland
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

List of Tables

SA1. Real GDP Growth

SA2. Real Non-Oil GDP Growth

SA3. Real Per Capita GDP Growth

SA4. Real Per Capita GDP

SA5. Consumer Prices

SA6. Total Investment

SA7. Domestic Saving

SA8. Overall Fiscal Balance, Including Grants

SA9. Overall Fiscal Balance, Excluding Grants

SA10. Government Revenue, Excluding Grants

SA11. Government Expenditure

SA12. Broad Money

SA13. Broad Money Growth

SA14. Claims on Nonfinancial Private Sector

SA15. Exports of Goods and Services

SA16. Imports of Goods and Services

SA17. Trade Balance

SA18. External Current Account, Including Grants

SA19. External Current Account, Excluding Grants

SA20. Official Grants

SA21. Real Effective Exchange Rates

SA22. Nominal Effective Exchange Rates

SA23. External Debt to Official Creditors

SA24. Terms of Trade

SA25. Reserves

Table SA1.Real GDP Growth(Percent)
1997-200220032004200520062007200820092010
Oil-exporting countries6.48.311.27.67.49.27.01.95.5
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria5.64.912.311.29.312.58.50.46.2
Angola4.93.311.220.618.620.313.20.29.3
Cameroon4.54.03.72.33.23.32.91.62.7
Chad5.214.733.67.90.20.2-0.21.64.6
Congo, Rep. of2.70.83.57.86.2-1.65.67.412.2
Equatorial Guinea50.114.038.09.71.321.411.3-5.4-2.8
Gabon0.02.41.13.01.25.62.3-1.02.6
Nigeria6.810.310.65.46.27.06.02.95.0
Middle-income countries3.03.35.04.75.35.03.1-2.41.9
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa5.54.86.02.45.24.73.7-4.03.0
Botswana8.06.36.01.65.14.42.9-10.34.1
Cape Verde7.84.74.36.510.87.85.93.54.0
Lesotho2.43.94.60.78.15.13.5-1.03.1
Mauritius5.14.14.33.43.54.26.62.12.0
Namibia3.64.312.32.57.15.52.9-0.71.7
Seychelles3.3-5.9-2.97.58.37.3-1.9-8.74.0
South Africa2.73.14.95.05.35.13.1-2.21.7
Swaziland2.33.92.52.22.93.52.40.42.6
Low-income countries4.14.56.17.17.37.37.04.55.0
Benin5.14.03.02.93.84.65.03.83.0
Burkina Faso5.77.34.67.15.53.65.03.54.1
Ethiopia3.4-3.59.812.611.511.511.67.57.0
Ghana4.35.25.65.96.45.77.34.55.0
Kenya1.92.84.65.96.47.11.72.54.0
Madagascar1.79.85.34.65.06.27.1-0.40.9
Malawi1.65.75.43.36.78.69.75.94.6
Mali5.07.21.26.15.34.35.14.14.5
Mozambique9.06.57.98.48.77.06.84.35.2
Niger4.27.1-0.88.45.83.39.51.05.2
Rwanda9.70.35.37.27.37.911.25.35.2
Senegal4.06.75.95.62.44.72.51.53.4
Tanzania4.86.97.87.46.77.17.45.05.6
Uganda6.16.56.86.310.88.49.07.06.0
Zambia2.65.15.45.36.26.35.84.55.0
Fragile countries0.81.23.43.72.93.33.92.84.0
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe0.60.83.23.32.52.83.22.94.1
Burundi1.6-1.24.80.95.13.64.53.23.6
Central African Republic2.8-7.11.02.43.83.72.22.43.1
Comoros2.72.5-0.24.21.20.51.01.01.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. of-2.85.86.67.95.66.36.22.75.4
Côte d’Ivoire1.0-1.71.61.90.71.62.33.74.0
Eritrea1.6-2.71.52.6-1.01.31.00.31.4
Gambia, The4.36.97.05.16.56.36.13.64.3
Guinea4.21.22.33.02.51.84.90.02.7
Guinea-Bissau-1.7-0.62.23.50.62.73.31.92.5
Liberia3.3-31.32.65.37.89.47.14.96.3
São Tomé and Príncipe3.55.46.65.76.76.05.84.04.5
Sierra Leone3.89.59.77.15.16.45.54.04.0
Togo0.15.22.41.23.91.91.12.42.6
Zimbabwe-2.7-10.4-3.6-4.0-6.3-6.9-14.13.76.0
Sub-Saharan Africa4.15.17.26.26.46.95.51.14.1
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe4.15.07.26.26.36.95.41.14.1
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa4.14.27.37.47.18.06.82.55.1
Oil-importing countries3.23.65.35.55.95.74.70.83.3
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa3.64.05.66.06.36.36.13.34.6
CFA franc zone4.44.67.74.82.94.64.11.83.6
WAEMU3.23.82.84.53.23.33.93.03.9
CEMAC5.85.512.55.12.55.94.20.73.3
EAC-54.04.66.26.47.57.45.84.55.1
SADC3.23.95.96.56.97.25.1-0.93.4
SACU2.93.35.04.75.35.13.0-2.51.9
COMESA3.33.17.510.010.311.18.63.16.0
Resource-intensive countries5.87.210.16.86.88.36.41.55.2
Oil6.48.311.27.67.49.27.01.95.5
Non-oil resource-intensive countries3.52.64.82.73.83.73.5-0.63.8
Non-resource intensive countries3.13.75.35.86.16.04.80.93.2
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries3.03.85.15.25.55.53.7-0.42.6
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries3.63.06.28.18.57.98.75.35.6
MDRI4.64.86.06.87.06.87.34.54.9
Fixed exchange rate regime4.64.77.44.33.44.63.90.53.5
Floating exchange rate regime4.05.27.26.67.17.45.81.34.2
Sources: IMF, African Department database, September 22, 2009; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, September 17, 2009.
Table SA2.Real Non-Oil GDP Growth(Percent)
1997-200220032004200520062007200820092010
Oil-exporting countries8.56.511.38.312.212.59.54.65.9
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria6.87.28.110.416.416.010.34.77.5
Angola8.410.39.014.127.520.114.88.211.4
Cameroon4.94.94.93.22.94.13.22.63.0
Chad4.66.02.111.04.73.13.53.04.0
Congo, Rep. of2.85.45.05.45.96.65.43.56.0
Equatorial Guinea28.313.928.422.829.847.217.6-0.54.6
Gabon2.40.92.34.34.96.23.4-1.62.7
Nigeria9.56.113.37.09.610.18.94.54.8
Middle-income countries3.03.35.04.75.35.13.1-2.41.9
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa5.54.86.02.45.24.73.7-4.03.0
Botswana8.06.36.01.65.14.42.9-10.34.1
Cape Verde7.84.74.36.510.87.85.93.54.0
Lesotho2.43.94.60.78.15.13.5-1.03.1
Mauritius5.14.14.33.43.54.26.62.12.0
Namibia3.64.312.32.57.15.52.9-0.71.7
Seychelles3.3-5.9-2.97.58.37.3-1.9-8.74.0
South Africa2.73.14.95.05.35.13.1-2.21.7
Swaziland2.33.92.52.22.93.52.40.42.6
Low-income countries4.14.56.17.17.37.37.04.55.0
Benin5.14.03.02.93.84.65.03.83.0
Burkina Faso5.77.34.67.15.53.65.03.54.1
Ethiopia3.4-3.59.812.611.511.511.67.57.0
Ghana4.35.25.65.96.45.77.34.55.0
Kenya1.92.84.65.96.47.11.72.54.0
Madagascar1.79.85.34.65.06.27.1-0.40.9
Malawi1.65.75.43.36.78.69.75.94.6
Mali5.07.21.26.15.34.35.14.14.5
Mozambique9.06.57.98.48.77.06.84.35.2
Niger4.27.1-0.88.45.83.39.51.05.2
Rwanda9.70.35.37.27.37.911.25.35.2
Senegal4.06.75.95.62.44.72.51.53.4
Tanzania4.86.97.87.46.77.17.45.05.6
Uganda6.16.56.86.310.88.49.07.06.0
Zambia2.65.15.45.36.26.35.84.55.0
Fragile countries0.81.03.33.42.83.53.92.84.2
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe0.60.63.13.12.43.13.92.84.2
Burundi1.6-1.24.80.95.13.64.53.23.6
Central African Republic2.8-7.11.02.43.83.72.22.43.1
Comoros2.72.5-0.24.21.20.51.01.01.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. of-2.85.86.67.95.66.36.22.75.4
Côte d’Ivoire0.9-2.21.61.30.02.12.53.64.2
Eritrea1.6-2.71.52.6-1.01.31.00.31.4
Gambia, The4.36.97.05.16.56.36.13.64.3
Guinea4.21.22.33.02.51.84.90.02.7
Guinea-Bissau-1.7-0.62.23.50.62.73.31.92.5
Liberia3.3-31.32.65.37.89.47.14.96.3
São Tomé and Príncipe3.55.46.65.76.76.05.84.04.5
Sierra Leone3.89.57.47.37.46.45.54.55.3
Togo0.15.22.41.23.91.91.12.42.6
Zimbabwe-2.7-10.4-3.6-4.0-6.3-6.9-14.13.76.0
Sub-Saharan Africa4.84.57.26.47.98.06.32.04.2
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe4.74.47.26.47.98.06.32.04.2
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa4.44.76.27.19.09.07.33.65.4
Oil-importing countries3.23.55.25.55.85.84.70.83.3
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa3.63.95.65.96.36.46.13.24.6
CFA franc zone4.44.35.16.15.57.95.12.23.8
WAEMU3.23.62.84.33.03.54.03.03.9
CEMAC5.75.07.47.98.112.26.11.53.8
EAC-54.04.66.26.47.57.45.84.55.1
SADC3.44.55.75.97.97.25.30.13.7
SACU2.93.35.04.75.35.13.0-2.51.9
COMESA3.94.57.08.512.511.09.15.36.6
Resource-intensive countries7.55.710.17.310.711.18.53.75.6
Oil8.56.511.38.312.212.59.54.65.9
Non-oil resource-intensive countries3.52.44.72.53.63.93.6-0.63.9
Non-resource intensive countries3.13.75.35.86.16.04.80.93.2
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries3.03.85.15.25.55.53.7-0.42.6
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries3.63.06.28.18.57.98.75.35.6
MDRI4.64.96.26.96.96.97.44.64.9
Fixed exchange rate regime4.64.45.35.45.67.34.70.83.8
Floating exchange rate regime4.84.57.76.68.58.26.62.34.3
Sources: IMF, African Department database, September 22, 2009; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, September 17, 2009.
Table SA3.Real Per Capita GDP Growth(Percent)
1997-200220032004200520062007200820092010
Oil-exporting countries3.45.28.24.74.56.24.1-0.82.7
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria2.41.59.28.16.39.45.6-2.33.4
Angola1.90.48.017.215.216.910.0-2.76.2
Cameroon1.51.20.9-0.50.40.40.1-1.20.2
Chad2.64.830.45.3-2.3-2.3-2.6-0.92.1
Congo, Rep. of-0.1-2.00.64.73.2-4.42.64.49.0
Equatorial Guinea40.010.734.16.7-1.618.08.2-8.1-5.6
Gabon-2.4-0.1-1.40.5-1.33.00.8-2.41.1
Nigeria3.97.47.62.63.44.13.10.22.2
Middle-income countries1.52.34.03.84.24.01.4-3.40.8
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa3.83.64.92.24.23.62.5-4.92.0
Botswana6.05.14.80.84.33.51.8-11.42.9
Cape Verde5.42.82.44.68.86.43.41.52.0
Lesotho0.72.12.3-1.16.23.21.7-2.81.3
Mauritius4.03.03.42.62.73.65.71.31.2
Namibia1.22.911.05.25.23.61.1-1.60.9
Seychelles1.9-6.0-2.57.06.16.7-2.1-8.93.6
South Africa1.22.13.84.04.24.11.3-3.20.6
Swaziland1.53.52.11.82.53.12.00.02.3
Low-income countries1.32.03.54.54.84.94.42.02.5
Benin1.72.00.10.00.81.41.70.6-0.2
Burkina Faso2.73.91.54.63.11.32.61.21.7
Ethiopia0.4-6.16.89.68.58.48.84.74.5
Ghana1.72.63.03.23.83.04.61.92.4
Kenya-0.30.72.63.94.55.2-0.10.72.2
Madagascar-1.26.72.41.82.23.44.2-3.0-1.6
Malawi-1.23.43.21.24.66.57.53.82.5
Mali2.54.8-1.13.72.92.02.71.82.2
Mozambique6.84.55.86.36.64.94.72.33.1
Niger0.93.8-3.85.22.60.26.2-2.02.0
Rwanda3.9-1.43.85.45.45.78.93.13.1
Senegal1.44.23.43.20.02.30.1-0.81.0
Tanzania2.34.85.55.14.85.05.32.93.6
Uganda2.92.93.22.76.94.65.33.32.3
Zambia0.32.72.92.83.89.53.82.63.1
Fragile countries-1.6-1.0-0.30.90.00.40.9-0.11.1
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe-1.7-1.4-0.40.6-0.20.10.40.11.3
Burundi-0.7-4.02.8-1.13.11.52.51.21.5
Central African Republic0.8-8.9-1.00.41.81.70.20.41.1
Comoros0.70.4-2.32.1-0.8-1.6-1.1-1.0-0.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. of-5.02.83.54.72.53.23.1-0.32.3
Côte d’Ivoire-1.3-3.2-3.3-0.8-2.2-1.4-0.70.71.0
Eritrea-1.9-6.9-2.8-1.4-7.1-2.0-2.2-2.7-1.7
Gambia, The0.94.24.32.53.83.63.40.91.7
Guinea1.0-2.0-0.9-0.2-0.7-1.41.7-3.1-0.5
Guinea-Bissau-6.2-3.7-0.90.4-2.4-0.30.4-1.0-0.4
Liberia0.5-32.20.82.43.74.41.90.01.9
São Tomé and Príncipe1.73.64.83.95.04.34.12.42.8
Sierra Leone1.16.76.94.42.53.72.81.41.4
Togo-3.22.4-0.3-1.41.4-0.6-1.4-0.20.0
Zimbabwe-2.4-11.3-3.4-4.0-6.3-6.9-14.13.76.0
Sub-Saharan Africa1.82.95.04.14.24.83.1-0.91.9
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe1.82.95.04.14.24.83.1-0.91.9
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa1.41.64.64.84.65.54.20.02.6
Oil-importing countries1.21.93.43.84.14.12.6-1.01.5
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa1.11.73.03.73.94.13.70.92.3
CFA franc zone1.51.64.52.10.21.81.4-0.81.0
WAEMU0.51.5-0.71.80.50.61.20.31.1
CEMAC2.61.89.62.4-0.23.11.6-1.80.8
EAC-51.32.23.74.05.15.03.42.22.7
SADC1.42.54.45.15.45.83.1-2.41.8
SACU1.42.34.03.84.24.01.3-3.60.8
COMESA0.60.64.97.47.68.66.00.73.5
Resource-intensive countries2.94.47.14.14.05.63.7-1.12.5
Oil3.45.28.24.74.56.24.1-0.82.7
Non-oil resource-intensive countries1.20.81.81.11.52.41.3-2.71.7
Non-resource intensive countries1.22.03.64.14.34.32.7-0.81.5
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries1.32.43.73.94.04.11.8-1.81.1
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries0.70.23.35.35.65.05.92.62.9
MDRI1.72.13.34.14.34.44.71.92.3
Fixed exchange rate regime1.92.04.62.10.92.11.4-1.81.2
Floating exchange rate regime1.83.15.14.65.05.43.5-0.82.1
Sources: IMF, African Department database, September 22, 2009; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, September 17, 2009.
Table SA4.Real Per Capita GDP(U.S. dollars, at 2000 prices, using 2000 exchange rates)
1997-200220032004200520062007200820092010
Oil-exporting countries493589632657684721749744762
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria7477918459029491025107610521085
Angola70076682897011171306143613971483
Cameroon649673679675678681682674675
Chad197224293308301294287284290
Congo, Rep. of110911141120117312111158118812411352
Equatorial Guinea146525723449367936204273462142474010
Gabon447540974040406140094128416240634109
Nigeria405517556571590614634634648
Middle-income countries282930343154327534113548359834773503
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa206722932404245925582647270725892632
Botswana333439874179421143914544462440984218
Cape Verde118713651398146215901691174717741810
Lesotho370382391386410423430418424
Mauritius366740904230433944554613487549384999
Namibia204821772416254226742770280027572782
Seychelles886883028095866091869803960087469063
South Africa297131743296342835723718376636443667
Swaziland153416431677170617491803184018401881
Low-income countries249263272284297310323329337
Benin374394394394397403410412412
Burkina Faso231252256267276279287290295
Ethiopia125120128141153166180189197
Ghana269287296306317327342348357
Kenya413413424440460484484487498
Madagascar233224229233239247257249245
Malawi151146150152159169182189194
Mali252281278288297302311316323
Mozambique240291307327348365382391403
Niger161172166174179179190187190
Rwanda224237246259273289315324334
Senegal446474490506506517518513518
Tanzania304344363382400420443455472
Uganda252281290297318333350362370
Zambia315334343353366401416427440
Fragile countries233217217219219220222222224
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe266238237236233231228229233
Burundi111104107105109110113114116
Central African Republic242216214215218222223223226
Comoros374380371379376370366362360
Congo, Dem. Rep. of928588939598101100103
Côte d’Ivoire639574555551539531528532537
Eritrea222190185182169166162158155
Gambia, The312323337345358371384387394
Guinea389388385384381376382370368
Guinea-Bissau179145143144140140141139138
Liberia172118119122126132134134137
São Tomé and Príncipe561630660686720751782801824
Sierra Leone151202216226231240247250254
Togo245227227224227225222222222
Zimbabwe1536430416399374348299310329
Sub-Saharan Africa542580602621643668684672681
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe542577599618638662678667675
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa328342355368383400415414423
Oil-importing countries560577591608627647659645650
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa284293301310321332343344351
CFA franc zone465472484493494501508504508
WAEMU360356354359360362366367371
CEMAC707736782797798818831816822
EAC-5306325337350368386400408419
SADC909953985102110631110113510981108
SACU281430163137325833953530357734513476
COMESA262267278295314337355356366
Resource-intensive countries521598634655677710733724740
Oil493589632657684721749744762
Non-oil resource-intensive countries624634643645652666672651657
Non-resource intensive countries553570586604625645658644649
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries97610191050108311211159117611461152
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries163167171179189197208213219
MDRI252269278288300312326331339
Fixed exchange rate regime549565581590595606612599604
Floating exchange rate regime541583607629654682701690699
Sources: IMF, African Department database, September 22, 2009; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, September 17, 2009.
Table SA5.Consumer Prices(Annual average, percent change)
1997-200220032004200520062007200820092010
Oil-exporting countries25.219.814.914.88.15.610.510.68.9
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria50.230.214.610.27.96.09.08.79.1
Angola193.998.343.623.013.312.212.514.015.4
Cameroon3.50.60.32.04.91.15.32.92.0
Chad3.8-1.8-4.83.77.7-7.48.36.53.0
Congo, Rep. of3.71.73.72.54.72.66.06.94.4
Equatorial Guinea5.47.34.25.74.52.85.94.16.1
Gabon0.92.10.41.2-1.45.05.32.63.8
Nigeria10.614.015.017.98.25.411.612.08.8
Middle-income countries6.95.91.93.75.17.111.47.36.2
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa7.47.05.35.78.57.511.08.25.7
Botswana7.79.27.08.611.67.112.68.46.4
Cape Verde3.41.2-1.90.44.84.46.81.52.0
Lesotho8.47.35.03.46.18.010.77.76.5
Mauritius6.13.94.74.98.99.18.86.44.0
Namibia8.97.24.12.35.16.77.19.16.8
Seychelles3.73.33.90.6-1.95.337.033.43.0
South Africa6.85.81.43.44.77.111.57.26.2
Swaziland8.07.43.44.85.38.213.17.86.9
Low-income countries7.38.67.68.79.08.613.113.96.4
Benin3.41.50.95.43.81.38.04.02.8
Burkina Faso2.32.0-0.46.42.4-0.210.73.82.3
Ethiopia-0.715.18.66.812.315.825.336.45.1
Ghana21.626.712.615.110.210.716.518.510.2
Kenya7.09.811.610.314.59.813.112.07.8
Madagascar8.8-1.114.018.410.810.49.29.99.7
Malawi26.39.611.415.513.97.98.78.68.2
Mali1.9-1.2-3.16.41.51.59.12.52.1
Mozambique8.413.512.66.413.28.210.33.55.5
Niger2.5-1.80.47.80.10.111.34.82.3
Rwanda4.27.412.09.08.99.115.411.56.3
Senegal1.60.00.51.72.15.95.8-0.91.8
Tanzania8.94.44.14.47.37.010.310.64.9
Uganda3.75.75.08.06.66.87.314.210.8
Zambia24.321.418.018.39.010.712.414.010.2
Fragile countries29.06.74.811.79.08.511.913.77.3
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe
Burundi13.210.78.013.42.88.324.412.98.3
Central African Republic1.34.4-2.22.96.70.99.34.62.8
Comoros3.13.74.53.03.44.54.84.92.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. of240.912.84.021.413.216.718.039.214.6
Côte d’Ivoire3.23.31.53.92.51.96.35.93.2
Eritrea12.222.725.112.515.19.312.614.014.5
Gambia, The3.617.014.35.02.15.44.56.45.8
Guinea4.411.017.531.434.722.918.44.99.4
Guinea-Bissau11.7-3.50.83.30.74.610.40.42.5
Liberia10.510.33.66.97.213.717.57.35.0
São Tomé and Príncipe25.39.612.817.223.118.526.017.111.9
Sierra Leone13.87.514.212.19.511.714.810.68.5
Togo2.5-0.90.46.82.21.08.42.82.1
Zimbabwe
Sub-Saharan Africa13.310.97.68.97.37.111.610.57.2
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa19.213.28.89.28.67.811.611.97.2
Oil-importing countries8.97.04.26.26.97.812.110.46.4
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa11.08.16.88.88.98.512.713.26.5
CFA franc zone2.71.40.43.73.11.57.03.73.0
WAEMU2.71.10.34.72.22.07.93.42.5
CEMAC2.71.60.42.74.11.06.04.13.5
EAC-56.97.17.77.89.88.211.212.07.4
SADC19.812.36.36.86.88.211.69.37.7
SACU6.96.01.83.65.07.111.57.36.2
COMESA37.623.815.613.011.411.414.217.710.0
Resource-intensive countries21.217.613.513.98.35.910.510.28.5
Oil25.219.814.914.88.15.610.510.68.9
Non-oil resource-intensive countries8.08.77.69.99.37.510.68.36.4
Non-resource intensive countries9.16.83.85.86.67.812.310.66.4
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries7.36.53.55.06.27.411.48.06.2
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries17.17.95.09.08.39.515.820.46.9
MDRI6.97.36.17.77.77.612.312.95.8
Fixed exchange rate regime3.62.51.24.14.02.57.84.63.6
Floating exchange rate regime15.913.09.210.18.08.112.411.88.1
Sources: IMF, African Department database, September 22, 2009; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, September 17, 2009.
Table SA6.Total Investment(Percent of GDP)
1997-200220032004200520062007200820092010
Oil-exporting countries24.124.421.720.620.521.221.124.121.6
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria23.322.919.317.317.319.118.921.318.5
Angola21.412.79.18.111.314.015.817.415.1
Cameroon18.317.518.919.116.818.520.719.419.7
Chad27.055.725.821.421.419.116.125.715.7
Congo, Rep. of24.826.122.519.320.923.720.925.722.3
Equatorial Guinea70.359.743.739.932.535.326.736.628.9
Gabon27.423.824.421.325.925.924.428.427.8
Nigeria24.525.323.222.822.622.822.826.324.2
Middle-income countries17.417.319.519.221.722.723.321.323.3
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa28.725.926.623.325.928.632.329.932.8
Botswana35.031.835.424.330.834.041.342.851.3
Cape Verde34.831.239.741.443.450.948.248.847.1
Lesotho43.830.924.824.724.324.329.132.435.2
Mauritius25.624.922.823.422.526.429.822.723.3
Namibia21.219.419.119.722.323.623.221.822.0
Seychelles34.917.918.934.328.132.536.131.922.8
South Africa15.916.118.618.721.221.922.120.222.0
Swaziland17.418.718.118.016.315.616.516.916.3
Low-income countries17.519.720.722.623.224.624.523.324.7
Benin19.219.619.019.618.121.420.724.524.8
Burkina Faso20.217.215.620.517.219.518.018.620.2
Ethiopia17.121.625.523.024.224.821.219.520.4
Ghana23.322.922.429.030.433.835.929.937.2
Kenya13.413.114.416.419.018.917.718.819.6
Madagascar15.116.825.823.825.028.333.427.226.3
Malawi13.917.118.222.721.825.324.018.823.2
Mali21.324.521.522.120.921.020.519.319.3
Mozambique23.322.318.618.717.717.918.521.522.7
Niger12.616.314.623.123.623.229.336.138.6
Rwanda17.118.620.321.620.421.024.122.622.5
Senegal18.825.926.028.528.230.930.227.427.9
Tanzania15.319.222.625.127.629.629.828.429.5
Uganda18.821.020.222.421.222.123.524.425.8
Zambia18.526.024.623.823.925.423.623.023.3
Fragile countries13.712.212.512.111.712.314.414.618.7
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe
Burundi6.310.613.310.816.317.519.420.021.0
Central African Republic9.76.36.89.810.110.011.610.612.4
Comoros10.410.39.49.39.611.214.313.815.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. of14.612.212.713.813.218.221.922.732.8
Côte d’Ivoire12.810.110.89.79.38.710.111.313.9
Eritrea31.326.520.320.313.712.512.410.59.6
Gambia, The20.020.017.413.313.28.914.515.216.9
Guinea18.121.620.719.517.214.217.27.010.0
Guinea-Bissau28.122.925.425.424.224.324.843.141.2
Liberia
São Tomé and Príncipe
Sierra Leone6.114.010.517.015.213.214.715.015.6
Togo12.010.911.111.812.812.112.217.016.5
Zimbabwe
Sub-Saharan Africa18.719.319.919.921.122.022.222.422.7
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa19.320.119.919.820.221.722.022.322.6
Oil-importing countries17.117.519.319.621.322.422.921.423.4
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa18.319.220.120.821.623.023.822.724.7
CFA franc zone19.421.420.220.719.921.220.622.621.9
WAEMU16.117.016.618.117.418.418.919.921.3
CEMAC23.727.024.123.222.323.822.125.422.6
EAC-515.116.818.520.521.922.622.923.124.0
SADC17.417.218.918.520.521.622.321.122.3
SACU17.017.019.419.021.622.423.021.123.1
COMESA17.417.117.217.017.919.620.120.120.0
Resource-intensive countries22.823.221.420.120.321.121.223.521.9
Oil24.124.421.720.620.521.221.124.121.6
Non-oil resource-intensive countries19.519.520.617.719.720.121.720.523.3
Non-resource intensive countries16.817.319.119.821.622.723.121.523.4
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries16.617.019.119.721.822.923.421.623.3
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries17.518.819.020.520.121.621.821.523.8
MDRI18.220.421.323.122.924.725.023.524.9
Fixed exchange rate regime21.522.421.721.221.222.722.724.224.2
Floating exchange rate regime18.018.519.519.621.021.822.121.922.4
Sources: IMF, African Department database, September 22, 2009; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, September 17, 2009.
Table SA7.Domestic Saving(Percent of GDP)
1997-200220032004200520062007200820092010
Oil-exporting countries28.828.735.639.643.940.740.930.834.0
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria29.330.033.141.547.044.742.631.331.8
Angola24.319.225.137.949.145.040.728.627.7
Cameroon19.117.818.518.118.918.020.811.815.1
Chad-3.819.116.928.326.321.620.58.610.6
Congo, Rep. of50.555.347.955.656.948.848.146.153.4
Equatorial Guinea63.480.178.983.786.186.972.872.764.6
Gabon48.648.054.658.356.055.358.947.550.7
Nigeria28.327.937.238.341.937.839.730.435.9
Middle-income countries19.019.219.018.318.819.519.417.417.8
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa22.325.124.622.025.724.822.012.813.6
Botswana43.742.842.841.047.246.145.528.928.7
Cape Verde-6.0-7.2-5.72.03.912.29.07.911.2
Lesotho-28.1-24.7-23.0-26.7-22.1-25.5-32.8-39.7-33.8
Mauritius19.925.823.319.015.615.416.18.69.2
Namibia13.212.815.616.624.722.614.312.113.1
Seychelles24.321.714.715.614.213.3-10.116.2-1.0
South Africa18.618.418.217.917.918.819.018.018.4
Swaziland4.521.016.83.43.83.22.10.02.7
Low-income countries7.59.49.19.410.39.47.77.59.0
Benin7.16.76.710.26.86.17.210.511.7
Burkina Faso5.84.21.84.83.35.32.22.44.9
Ethiopia6.78.35.03.03.76.13.42.20.4
Ghana6.49.11.33.75.56.82.94.19.0
Kenya6.06.26.67.48.36.74.55.87.7
Madagascar8.37.911.09.613.711.54.97.57.7
Malawi2.73.20.0-5.5-4.14.71.06.27.7
Mali13.317.213.113.215.712.09.510.58.7
Mozambique14.111.914.27.610.37.26.12.39.3
Niger3.86.43.58.710.511.012.112.714.1
Rwanda1.43.28.28.65.25.57.84.55.4
Senegal11.113.813.413.110.78.57.77.59.7
Tanzania7.714.916.216.214.512.816.215.816.8
Uganda7.77.210.111.78.18.86.45.88.1
Zambia6.911.818.721.131.126.222.120.520.7
Fragile countries15.414.913.511.112.510.710.19.812.1
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe
Burundi-4.4-8.7-11.0-18.3-22.2-22.2-22.5-10.3-6.8
Central African Republic4.81.70.31.72.40.7-1.0-2.0-0.5
Comoros-7.2-3.4-8.5-12.2-14.8-15.7-19.4-14.9-13.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. of16.911.510.34.09.916.28.40.08.2
Côte d’Ivoire21.221.020.017.219.614.617.920.621.1
Eritrea-22.5-34.6-33.8-28.4-17.8-3.1-0.2-4.1-3.2
Gambia, The13.510.7-3.6-9.5-4.0-7.3-4.6-6.1-4.1
Guinea14.621.518.418.313.95.86.64.04.8
Guinea-Bissau5.76.614.111.4-3.87.74.719.617.9
Liberia
São Tomé and Príncipe
Sierra Leone-4.1-3.5-0.44.17.66.13.32.43.3
Togo-1.0-3.1-3.98.10.3-1.5-5.3-0.1-2.3
Zimbabwe
Sub-Saharan Africa18.319.321.322.825.524.525.019.321.5
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa15.017.018.120.624.022.921.915.717.6
Oil-importing countries15.216.015.915.315.815.714.513.214.2
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa11.513.112.711.813.111.910.18.610.1
CFA franc zone20.622.723.627.828.727.127.922.324.4
WAEMU13.413.812.312.812.610.210.512.313.1
CEMAC30.033.936.242.743.943.143.533.235.8
EAC-56.48.810.210.69.38.38.18.410.0
SADC17.918.218.719.322.022.422.218.119.0
SACU19.119.119.018.419.019.619.617.718.2
COMESA11.011.613.716.923.322.720.213.414.8
Resource-intensive countries26.827.432.936.341.137.838.128.731.6
Oil28.828.735.639.643.940.740.930.834.0
Non-oil resource-intensive countries21.623.123.922.928.223.922.719.019.6
Non-resource intensive countries14.415.014.914.414.314.713.412.513.5
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries15.716.316.316.015.816.115.414.915.7
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries7.17.86.34.95.57.34.53.14.4
MDRI9.311.110.910.911.811.09.88.29.9
Fixed exchange rate regime21.023.123.826.728.527.027.120.822.8
Floating exchange rate regime17.618.420.721.924.824.024.518.921.2
Sources: IMF, African Department database, September 22, 2009; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, September 17, 2009.
Table SA8.Overall Fiscal Balance, Including Grants(Central government; percent of GDP)
1997-200220032004200520062007200820092010
Oil-exporting countries-2.9-2.15.68.811.33.66.3-5.91.5
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria-4.0-0.21.88.117.910.19.6-2.03.4
Angola-13.0-6.4-0.57.314.811.68.8-4.80.7
Cameroon-0.81.2-0.53.633.14.51.40.2-0.2
Chad-5.1-6.3-3.0-0.42.43.14.5-9.73.6
Congo, Rep. of-4.60.43.614.616.510.325.97.324.0
Equatorial Guinea4.011.812.320.623.517.815.32.67.0
Gabon1.27.47.68.69.28.511.43.74.9
Nigeria-2.1-3.38.19.37.0-1.13.7-9.0-0.1
Middle-income countries-2.3-2.2-1.7-0.40.81.1-0.8-5.0-5.6
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa-2.6-3.5-2.00.94.03.6-1.6-5.5-6.4
Botswana1.5-1.00.96.910.56.3-2.8-10.0-10.6
Cape Verde-10.6-4.3-3.8-6.4-5.0-0.7-1.2-9.1-5.5
Lesotho-3.9-0.55.85.012.716.56.22.1-2.6
Mauritius-5.3-6.2-5.5-5.3-5.6-4.2-4.5-3.5-5.2
Namibia-3.1-5.9-3.7-1.02.14.4-0.6-3.6-3.7
Seychelles-10.3-0.8-0.91.7-6.1-9.62.6-6.6-9.1
South Africa-2.2-2.0-1.6-0.60.40.8-0.7-4.9-5.5
Swaziland-1.1-3.2-4.2-2.37.67.44.1-2.7-4.3
Low-income countries-3.5-3.4-2.8-3.13.8-2.9-4.2-4.3-4.3
Benin-0.2-1.9-1.0-2.5-0.51.6-1.8-2.6-2.9
Burkina Faso-3.7-2.9-4.3-5.116.7-5.7-4.5-5.9-5.2
Ethiopia-5.9-7.0-3.0-4.4-3.9-3.6-2.9-2.3-3.0
Ghana-10.0-3.8-4.6-3.7-7.0-8.5-13.6-6.7-8.2
Kenya-1.3-1.7-0.1-1.8-2.5-3.0-4.4-5.7-5.5
Madagascar-4.1-4.8-5.7-4.337.4-2.9-3.7-4.0-4.9
Malawi-6.2-4.7-4.8-1.31.3-3.1-5.8-4.4-4.5
Mali-3.4-1.3-2.6-3.131.3-3.2-2.2-4.7-3.3
Mozambique-3.5-3.7-4.4-2.8-4.1-2.9-2.5-5.6-4.3
Niger-3.7-2.8-3.6-2.040.3-1.01.5-4.8-3.1
Rwanda-2.0-2.1-0.20.6-0.4-1.50.5-1.2-3.1
Senegal-0.5-1.3-3.1-3.0-5.7-3.7-4.6-4.8-4.0
Tanzania-1.4-3.1-3.2-5.2-4.40.0-5.4-5.7-5.1
Uganda-3.3-4.1-1.4-0.50.1-1.1-2.0-2.6-2.9
Zambia-4.5-6.0-2.9-2.719.8-1.3-1.5-2.6-2.5
Fragile countries-2.8-3.0-2.6-2.1-1.80.3-1.30.6-0.5
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe-3.2-2.0-0.1-1.50.3-1.3
Burundi-4.2-6.2-4.9-5.1-1.41.0-1.360.1-5.0
Central African Republic-1.41.30.9-0.81.1-0.4-1.6-1.9-1.7
Comoros-0.3-3.4-1.70.1-2.6-2.0-2.5-1.6-2.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. of-4.6-4.7-4.8-3.5-1.1-2.9-2.9-2.1-10.7
Côte d’Ivoire-1.4-2.2-1.7-1.7-1.8-0.8-0.6-0.8-2.6
Eritrea-31.3-15.1-16.9-21.2-12.0-12.0-14.1-11.0-10.9
Gambia, The-5.0-4.7-5.7-8.6-7.10.2-2.2-1.6-2.3
Guinea-3.1-6.5-5.4-1.6-3.10.3-1.3-0.543.7
Guinea-Bissau-10.4-11.6-13.8-11.7-8.3-10.8-7.0-3.2-2.1
Liberia-0.41.00.00.05.93.8-8.0-11.7430.9
São Tomé and Príncipe-16.2-10.5-15.837.1-13.7120.314.712.6-13.3
Sierra Leone-8.9-6.7-3.4-2.7-2.725.2-4.8-4.0-4.2
Togo-2.42.41.0-3.5-3.8-1.9-1.0-2.3-3.7
Zimbabwe1-12.8-4.7-5.1-4.0-3.8-11.5
Sub-Saharan Africa-2.6-2.50.11.84.81.21.3-4.8-2.4
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe1.74.81.11.3-4.8-2.5
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa-3.3-2.6-1.40.87.72.51.4-3.1-1.4
Oil-importing countries-2.7-2.6-2.1-1.31.5-0.2-2.0-4.2-4.7
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa-3.2-3.3-2.6-2.22.8-1.4-3.3-3.6-3.9
CFA franc zone-1.30.20.22.813.63.34.4-1.21.6
WAEMU-1.9-1.9-2.4-2.86.8-2.1-2.0-3.2-3.4
CEMAC-0.72.73.08.320.08.510.21.16.5
EAC-5-1.8-2.7-1.5-2.5-2.4-1.6-3.9-3.5-4.7
SADC-2.8-2.7-1.9-0.13.22.20.6-4.8-4.4
SACU-2.1-2.0-1.6-0.31.01.3-0.7-5.0-5.6
COMESA-4.7-4.7-2.20.26.82.71.7-3.4-2.6
Resource-intensive countries-2.5-2.53.97.110.33.45.1-5.51.1
Oil-2.9-2.15.68.811.33.66.3-5.91.5
Non-oil resource-intensive countries-1.9-3.5-1.90.35.92.5-1.4-3.2-1.1
Non-resource intensive countries-2.8-2.5-2.1-1.50.9-0.5-2.1-4.4-5.2
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries-2.5-2.2-1.9-1.3-0.1-0.2-2.1-5.0-5.4
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries-4.2-3.9-2.9-2.66.6-2.0-2.1-2.1-4.2
MDRI-3.6-3.0-2.8-2.38.8-1.6-3.4-3.6-3.6
Fixed exchange rate regime-1.3-0.40.02.812.23.83.6-2.00.2
Floating exchange rate regime-3.0-3.00.11.63.20.60.8-5.5-3.0
Sources: IMF, African Department database, September 22, 2009; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, September 17, 2009.
Table SA9.Overall Fiscal Balance, Excluding Grants(Central government; percent of GDP)
1997-200220032004200520062007200820092010
Oil-exporting countries-3.3-2.55.48.69.13.56.2-6.11.3
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria-5.0-1.21.37.612.49.89.4-2.33.0
Angola-15.0-7.2-1.07.114.811.58.8-4.80.6
Cameroon-1.00.7-0.83.04.73.30.5-0.8-1.0
Chad-10.5-14.0-6.0-3.70.51.73.0-11.11.8
Congo, Rep. of-4.9-0.13.314.516.49.925.56.723.3
Equatorial Guinea3.711.812.320.623.517.815.32.67.0
Gabon1.27.47.58.69.28.511.43.64.9
Nigeria-2.1-3.38.19.37.0-1.13.7-9.0-0.1
Middle-income countries-2.4-2.2-1.8-0.50.71.1-0.9-5.1-5.8
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa-3.2-4.0-2.70.43.43.0-2.3-6.5-7.4
Botswana1.1-1.20.36.610.05.6-3.5-10.6-11.0
Cape Verde-19.3-9.8-12.8-12.8-10.5-5.3-6.1-15.0-9.5
Lesotho-7.0-3.23.12.811.715.25.2-1.5-8.0
Mauritius-5.4-6.4-5.9-5.6-5.9-4.4-4.7-5.0-6.6
Namibia-3.3-6.0-3.9-1.12.04.3-0.9-3.8-3.9
Seychelles-10.7-0.8-1.00.7-7.5-9.9-1.1-6.8-10.4
South Africa-2.2-2.0-1.6-0.60.40.8-0.7-4.9-5.5
Swaziland-1.4-3.2-4.2-2.37.67.44.1-2.7-4.3
Low-income countries-7.4-8.3-8.0-7.9-7.9-7.9-8.2-9.0-8.8
Benin-2.8-3.7-3.7-4.6-2.7-1.4-3.5-5.7-6.0
Burkina Faso-10.4-8.2-8.8-9.7-11.3-12.2-8.5-12.4-10.6
Ethiopia-9.0-13.6-7.6-8.7-7.4-8.0-7.0-6.0-6.3
Ghana-12.4-8.5-10.9-8.9-12.4-14.6-18.2-12.6-13.1
Kenya-2.2-3.6-1.3-3.0-3.6-4.1-5.7-6.9-7.0
Madagascar-7.8-9.9-13.9-10.1-10.5-7.2-7.1-6.8-9.3
Malawi-12.2-12.6-15.1-13.4-14.2-17.2-16.0-12.3-14.1
Mali-7.9-5.7-6.5-7.1-7.6-7.9-5.6-9.5-7.7
Mozambique-13.1-13.0-11.7-8.8-12.0-12.2-11.9-17.0-18.3
Niger-8.7-7.7-9.4-9.5-6.8-8.2-4.4-10.5-8.9
Rwanda-9.4-9.8-11.3-12.0-11.4-11.3-11.0-13.8-12.9
Senegal-2.7-3.8-6.2-5.8-8.0-6.6-7.2-7.7-6.6
Tanzania-5.5-8.8-10.6-11.0-9.7-7.6-10.1-12.3-11.2
Uganda-9.1-10.3-9.2-8.0-5.3-5.6-4.7-6.5-5.9
Zambia-11.1-13.0-8.4-8.3-6.2-5.9-5.2-6.4-6.7
Fragile countries-4.2-4.7-4.7-4.9-5.7-2.9-3.9-5.7-8.3
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe-5.8-5.6-3.1-3.9-5.5-8.5
Burundi-6.9-13.8-19.7-16.8-19.3-19.8-25.2-24.4-26.1
Central African Republic-7.2-0.2-2.5-4.9-12.2-4.5-6.3-7.1-7.7
Comoros-5.4-5.7-4.5-4.2-7.6-9.7-12.9-8.5-8.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. of-4.7-6.7-6.8-8.6-9.1-4.3-4.7-11.4-17.9
Côte d’Ivoire-2.0-2.8-2.6-2.8-2.4-1.3-2.3-1.5-3.5
Eritrea-42.4-34.0-31.9-30.6-16.1-14.5-16.1-12.7-12.4
Gambia, The-7.2-7.2-10.2-10.3-8.3-1.0-3.5-6.8-7.3
Guinea-5.7-9.4-6.5-2.3-4.6-0.5-1.8-1.2-1.5
Guinea-Bissau-20.1-21.4-30.1-24.4-19.8-25.6-21.9-42.6-39.2
Liberia-1.10.2-0.30.05.83.6-8.8-15.4-9.2
São Tomé and Príncipe-36.8-30.1-35.020.0-29.60.2-15.3-34.9-29.0
Sierra Leone-13.9-14.4-12.2-12.5-11.0-6.8-9.4-11.3-10.7
Togo-3.31.90.2-4.6-5.2-3.6-2.5-4.7-6.4
Zimbabwe1-12.8-4.7-5.1-4.0-3.8-11.5
Sub-Saharan Africa-3.8-3.8-1.20.71.6-0.10.3-6.4-4.0
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe0.61.6-0.10.2-6.3-4.0
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa-5.8-5.5-4.4-1.90.1-0.3-0.8-6.3-4.6
Oil-importing countries-4.1-4.2-3.7-2.9-2.3-2.0-3.7-6.5-7.1
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa-6.1-6.9-6.4-6.0-5.7-5.4-6.6-8.1-8.5
CFA franc zone-3.0-1.6-1.51.02.21.42.8-3.3-0.4
WAEMU-4.3-4.3-5.1-5.6-5.7-5.2-4.8-6.5-6.5
CEMAC-1.51.72.47.69.77.79.60.35.7
EAC-5-5.1-7.0-6.7-7.2-6.4-6.0-7.4-9.2-8.7
SADC-3.7-3.6-2.8-0.91.11.3-0.2-5.9-5.6
SACU-2.1-2.1-1.6-0.30.91.2-0.7-5.0-5.7
COMESA-7.1-7.8-5.3-2.80.80.5-0.2-6.3-4.9
Resource-intensive countries-3.2-3.13.46.67.52.94.7-5.90.1
Oil-3.3-2.55.48.69.13.56.2-6.11.3
Non-oil resource-intensive countries-3.5-5.1-3.5-1.5-0.30.0-3.2-4.8-5.7
Non-resource intensive countries-4.1-4.1-3.7-3.0-2.6-2.3-3.7-6.7-7.2
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries-3.4-3.2-3.0-2.2-1.7-1.3-3.1-6.3-6.8
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries-8.1-8.9-8.0-8.4-7.3-7.1-6.5-8.5-9.2
MDRI-7.5-7.7-8.0-7.1-6.9-7.1-7.5-8.4-8.2
Fixed exchange rate regime-2.9-1.9-1.61.33.02.12.1-3.9-1.5
Floating exchange rate regime-4.0-4.2-1.10.51.3-0.6-0.2-6.9-4.5
Sources: IMF, African Department database, September 22, 2009; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, September 17, 2009.
Table SA10.Government Revenue, Excluding Grants(Percent of GDP)
1997-200220032004200520062007200820092010
Oil-exporting countries23.321.524.127.427.625.028.519.524.9
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria26.626.326.831.337.237.741.531.333.9
Angola42.437.237.540.446.446.750.538.039.3
Cameroon14.616.115.217.619.319.120.017.617.3
Chad7.87.88.59.416.922.826.310.921.6
Congo, Rep. of26.929.730.038.644.342.751.336.846.0
Equatorial Guinea22.627.529.834.740.838.336.829.131.5
Gabon32.530.130.131.331.729.531.927.026.0
Nigeria20.918.422.324.821.216.018.510.317.3
Middle-income countries24.324.124.826.227.227.626.925.725.3
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa30.730.630.132.033.432.930.429.928.6
Botswana39.239.136.640.139.236.732.033.832.4
Cape Verde20.921.523.023.723.824.025.023.825.2
Lesotho46.744.247.850.457.663.562.061.253.0
Mauritius19.420.019.919.819.919.121.021.520.1
Namibia30.526.525.627.329.431.529.027.126.9
Seychelles35.139.341.641.142.035.936.138.535.2
South Africa23.523.224.125.526.426.926.425.124.9
Swaziland25.527.030.732.640.139.839.535.330.7
Low-income countries14.615.516.216.316.817.617.316.617.1
Benin15.217.016.416.616.820.619.319.519.3
Burkina Faso12.112.013.012.813.013.613.413.013.3
Ethiopia15.116.216.114.614.812.712.111.712.2
Ghana15.420.222.421.821.922.722.823.924.3
Kenya20.219.721.421.221.122.122.722.322.7
Madagascar10.210.312.010.911.211.711.711.111.6
Malawi16.316.016.819.217.518.720.020.320.5
Mali13.916.417.317.517.316.615.516.817.0
Mozambique11.113.213.114.115.015.916.015.716.0
Niger9.710.211.410.613.015.218.413.013.5
Rwanda11.112.812.813.513.113.615.613.113.3
Senegal16.317.517.217.918.820.719.118.418.6
Tanzania11.312.112.713.315.317.417.117.818.3
Uganda11.211.510.912.212.512.613.012.613.0
Zambia18.818.018.217.416.918.718.615.615.9
Fragile countries13.613.814.615.216.116.917.717.717.4
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe16.215.916.016.918.318.2
Burundi17.721.120.120.018.918.618.618.018.7
Central African Republic9.48.18.38.29.510.310.410.810.7
Comoros14.315.815.615.713.612.713.113.813.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. of5.87.79.511.312.814.718.417.817.8
Côte d’Ivoire17.716.817.517.018.419.218.919.018.6
Eritrea28.231.023.225.923.021.820.420.720.7
Gambia, The17.915.720.919.721.221.419.419.419.9
Guinea11.311.011.514.514.414.315.614.815.0
Guinea-Bissau14.114.416.317.619.014.616.814.114.9
Liberia13.811.214.914.618.623.424.126.530.7
São Tomé and Príncipe16.715.616.964.020.940.117.717.916.8
Sierra Leone9.412.412.111.611.810.811.411.111.6
Togo13.717.016.815.716.917.017.119.417.3
Zimbabwe124.313.95.64.227.328.7
Sub-Saharan Africa21.120.922.324.124.824.125.121.022.8
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe24.124.724.125.021.022.9
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa18.719.720.622.425.125.727.322.523.8
Oil-importing countries20.320.721.622.623.323.722.821.821.6
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa16.717.618.318.719.319.719.218.518.6
CFA franc zone17.418.018.420.423.023.324.820.121.9
WAEMU15.515.916.316.217.118.217.817.517.4
CEMAC19.920.620.724.628.628.231.023.126.6
EAC-515.115.416.016.517.318.418.518.218.7
SADC23.123.224.226.027.828.729.726.226.5
SACU24.424.224.826.327.327.827.125.825.4
COMESA20.220.722.224.127.328.130.724.025.4
Resource-intensive countries23.321.823.826.727.024.927.619.924.2
Oil23.321.524.127.427.625.028.519.524.9
Non-oil resource-intensive countries22.722.722.723.823.924.122.321.521.0
Non-resource intensive countries20.020.421.522.523.223.622.821.821.7
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries21.221.522.523.724.525.024.323.523.4
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries13.314.315.115.516.316.116.215.215.3
MDRI13.514.815.215.716.416.916.715.816.1
Fixed exchange rate regime20.921.221.523.425.725.826.122.323.5
Floating exchange rate regime21.120.822.524.324.623.824.820.722.7
Sources: IMF, African Department database, September 22, 2009; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, September 17, 2009.
Table SA11.Government Expenditure(Central government; percent of GDP)
1997-200220032004200520062007200820092010
Oil-exporting countries26.624.018.718.818.521.622.425.623.6
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria31.627.525.523.724.827.932.133.730.8
Angola57.444.338.533.331.635.241.642.838.7
Cameroon15.615.416.014.614.515.719.518.418.4
Chad18.321.914.413.116.521.123.422.019.7
Congo, Rep. of31.829.826.724.227.932.825.830.022.7
Equatorial Guinea18.915.717.514.117.320.521.526.424.5
Gabon31.322.822.622.822.521.020.523.421.1
Nigeria23.021.714.215.614.317.114.819.317.4
Middle-income countries26.726.326.526.726.526.527.830.831.1
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa34.034.632.831.630.029.932.736.536.0
Botswana38.140.336.333.529.231.135.544.443.4
Cape Verde40.131.335.836.534.429.331.138.934.7
Lesotho53.747.444.747.645.948.356.862.761.0
Mauritius24.926.425.725.425.823.625.726.426.7
Namibia33.832.629.428.427.427.329.830.930.9
Seychelles45.840.142.640.449.545.937.245.345.6
South Africa25.725.225.726.126.026.127.130.030.4
Swaziland26.930.234.934.932.532.435.438.035.1
Low-income countries21.923.824.224.224.725.425.525.625.9
Benin18.020.620.121.119.522.022.925.225.4
Burkina Faso22.520.221.722.424.325.821.925.423.9
Ethiopia24.129.723.723.322.320.719.117.718.4
Ghana27.828.833.330.734.437.341.036.637.4
Kenya22.323.422.724.224.826.228.429.229.6
Madagascar18.020.226.021.021.718.918.717.920.9
Malawi28.528.631.932.631.636.036.032.634.6
Mali21.822.123.824.624.924.521.226.324.7
Mozambique24.126.324.822.927.028.127.932.734.3
Niger18.517.920.820.219.823.422.823.622.5
Rwanda20.622.624.125.624.524.926.727.026.2
Senegal19.021.323.523.826.927.326.326.125.2
Tanzania16.920.923.224.324.924.927.230.229.6
Uganda20.321.820.120.217.818.217.719.118.8
Zambia29.930.926.625.723.124.523.822.022.5
Fragile countries17.718.619.320.221.819.821.623.325.7
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe21.921.519.120.823.926.7
Burundi24.634.939.836.838.238.543.842.444.8
Central African Republic16.68.310.813.121.714.816.717.918.4
Comoros19.721.520.119.921.222.326.022.322.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. of10.514.316.219.921.919.123.129.235.7
Côte d’Ivoire19.719.620.119.920.820.521.120.622.1
Eritrea70.664.955.156.539.136.336.533.333.2
Gambia, The25.122.931.130.029.522.423.026.127.1
Guinea17.020.417.916.919.014.817.516.016.5
Guinea-Bissau34.235.846.342.038.840.238.856.754.1
Liberia14.811.015.114.612.919.832.942.040.0
São Tomé and Príncipe53.545.751.944.050.539.932.952.845.8
Sierra Leone23.426.724.224.122.717.720.722.522.4
Togo17.015.216.620.422.120.619.724.123.7
Zimbabwe137.118.610.78.231.140.2
Sub-Saharan Africa24.924.623.523.423.124.224.827.426.8
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe23.523.124.224.827.426.9
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa24.525.225.024.424.926.028.128.828.4
Oil-importing countries24.424.925.325.525.625.726.428.328.7
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa22.824.524.824.725.025.125.826.627.1
CFA franc zone20.519.620.019.420.821.921.923.422.3
WAEMU19.920.221.421.822.823.422.624.023.8
CEMAC21.418.918.417.018.920.521.422.820.9
EAC-520.222.422.723.723.724.426.027.527.4
SADC26.826.826.926.926.827.429.932.132.1
SACU26.626.226.526.726.426.527.830.831.1
COMESA27.328.527.426.926.427.630.930.430.3
Resource-intensive countries26.524.920.420.119.522.022.925.724.1
Oil26.624.018.718.818.521.622.425.623.6
Non-oil resource-intensive countries26.327.826.225.224.224.125.526.426.7
Non-resource intensive countries24.124.525.225.525.825.926.528.529.0
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries24.624.725.525.826.126.427.429.730.1
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries21.423.223.123.823.623.222.623.724.5
MDRI21.022.623.222.823.323.924.224.224.3
Fixed exchange rate regime23.823.123.122.122.823.724.026.225.0
Floating exchange rate regime25.125.023.623.823.224.325.027.627.2
Sources: IMF, African Department database, September 22, 2009; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, September 17, 2009.
Table SA12.Broad Money(Percent of GDP)
1997-200220032004200520062007200820092010
Oil-exporting countries18.620.117.716.619.624.431.637.436.9
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria15.116.015.114.816.719.524.229.728.2
Angola19.417.316.416.219.022.631.238.536.2
Cameroon14.117.718.117.918.320.821.722.021.6
Chad12.011.58.18.09.111.813.316.215.1
Congo, Rep. of14.314.013.414.016.419.420.226.321.3
Equatorial Guinea6.49.07.56.46.37.57.58.08.3
Gabon14.015.516.117.118.918.917.522.520.8
Nigeria21.022.719.417.821.527.837.343.444.2
Middle-income countries57.162.263.669.075.981.883.085.287.2
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa44.648.548.749.764.969.077.283.885.8
Botswana25.529.128.128.037.442.642.855.959.1
Cape Verde65.771.676.781.981.777.777.978.676.9
Lesotho33.930.628.529.634.234.736.634.734.7
Mauritius77.692.498.4103.4102.098.4100.3105.8100.0
Namibia36.836.537.137.641.739.840.141.242.5
Seychelles75.492.3104.1100.694.475.973.872.673.8
South Africa58.864.165.571.377.383.483.885.487.4
Swaziland21.021.121.221.223.625.426.027.227.8
Low-income countries24.729.028.628.129.731.030.929.830.8
Benin28.029.426.529.832.535.640.940.940.9
Burkina Faso21.926.823.521.021.925.125.225.225.2
Ethiopia35.844.339.038.036.133.128.423.724.3
Ghana25.932.033.431.336.240.945.845.845.8
Kenya38.339.540.139.340.341.143.642.944.9
Madagascar17.621.421.318.019.220.419.618.117.9
Malawi15.518.119.820.217.820.923.322.422.5
Mali22.130.629.129.629.129.726.126.926.7
Mozambique22.629.126.628.629.732.333.735.636.7
Niger8.912.615.214.015.217.516.619.722.0
Rwanda17.617.516.516.418.420.119.115.916.4
Senegal23.432.134.133.835.836.533.734.033.6
Tanzania16.520.721.222.226.026.726.726.829.5
Uganda14.619.116.917.518.018.120.521.121.0
Zambia20.521.822.418.021.623.423.724.424.9
Fragile countries18.318.620.420.822.425.325.526.025.5
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe20.019.821.820.423.024.624.625.925.5
Burundi19.827.027.729.931.731.132.129.830.9
Central African Republic16.914.616.418.016.014.612.512.612.9
Comoros21.224.523.123.125.926.627.727.527.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. of6.06.28.88.411.914.315.312.712.5
Côte d’Ivoire23.722.123.724.125.329.928.630.329.5
Eritrea127.0146.2129.0129.3123.9127.8131.8127.0122.8
Gambia, The49.045.845.146.654.451.154.454.554.9
Guinea10.715.818.219.021.519.622.623.522.7
Guinea-Bissau36.420.828.832.933.337.940.642.743.5
Liberia8.415.218.821.323.525.731.129.729.8
São Tomé and Príncipe19.030.128.036.038.941.843.539.237.9
Sierra Leone16.520.519.221.121.322.724.525.425.8
Togo24.727.631.128.933.938.841.844.146.2
Zimbabwe127.437.433.117.429.016.810.024.025.0
Sub-Saharan Africa37.941.041.542.444.948.548.652.552.3
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe37.741.041.442.244.948.348.552.452.2
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa24.026.826.425.728.430.231.834.133.7
Oil-importing countries43.448.550.653.958.261.659.860.561.3
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa26.330.130.530.334.035.636.236.036.6
CFA franc zone18.821.120.720.121.123.322.625.224.3
WAEMU22.825.826.326.327.730.729.830.830.6
CEMAC13.615.314.514.014.816.316.219.218.0
EAC-525.328.327.928.230.531.232.131.533.4
SADC48.953.455.058.162.266.164.868.668.2
SACU56.361.262.568.073.979.779.982.184.1
COMESA29.331.731.229.332.033.136.438.037.5
Resource-intensive countries20.121.319.618.421.325.631.636.936.5
Oil18.620.117.716.619.624.431.637.436.9
Non-oil resource-intensive countries23.525.026.125.829.431.931.434.634.7
Non-resource intensive countries46.051.653.757.361.965.463.763.764.8
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries50.956.458.763.068.873.273.074.275.6
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries20.124.223.123.123.624.323.322.022.2
MDRI20.625.425.024.726.227.727.626.827.3
Fixed exchange rate regime21.824.123.823.225.127.026.029.228.6
Floating exchange rate regime41.945.445.946.949.453.354.057.757.7
Sources: IMF, African Department database, September 22, 2009; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, September 17, 2009.
Table SA13.Broad Money Growth(Percent)
1997-200220032004200520062007200820092010
Oil-exporting countries36.722.917.923.546.440.257.011.321.8
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria51.321.123.935.536.534.855.91.918.3
Angola252.167.549.859.759.649.593.57.326.9
Cameroon16.2-0.97.34.29.318.613.4-0.53.5
Chad7.5-3.13.332.020.033.424.78.67.3
Congo, Rep. of10.9-2.415.936.347.96.936.411.711.0
Equatorial Guinea36.456.733.534.714.141.338.2-31.317.9
Gabon7.7-0.311.827.621.011.08.83.06.5
Nigeria28.024.114.016.053.444.257.819.324.8
Middle-income countries13.913.213.219.425.123.315.45.611.9
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa14.915.714.210.747.720.620.09.613.1
Botswana21.817.613.910.667.431.221.113.715.3
Cape Verde10.88.610.615.818.010.87.68.82.5
Lesotho8.76.03.49.135.316.419.70.111.4
Mauritius12.224.318.313.66.78.617.112.55.1
Namibia13.09.616.29.729.610.217.910.512.9
Seychelles15.46.014.01.73.0-8.024.216.28.7
South Africa13.812.913.120.522.523.614.85.111.8
Swaziland10.914.17.29.125.121.415.413.713.3
Low-income countries15.821.912.812.122.420.820.315.015.0
Benin13.36.6-6.721.816.517.729.37.16.2
Burkina Faso5.254.0-7.2-3.810.222.912.05.66.3
Ethiopia9.610.410.919.617.419.722.919.917.1
Ghana37.738.125.914.338.835.940.222.516.5
Kenya6.111.513.49.117.114.620.414.515.0
Madagascar19.46.419.44.624.924.212.61.29.4
Malawi35.832.231.916.216.536.933.110.813.6
Mali12.425.5-2.411.78.89.30.410.15.4
Mozambique28.118.75.927.123.425.220.315.013.9
Niger6.542.220.36.616.223.012.225.420.0
Rwanda14.215.212.116.731.330.824.2-1.814.9
Senegal10.331.512.97.412.712.71.72.54.3
Tanzania16.724.218.519.631.320.118.119.023.1
Uganda18.923.39.08.716.417.431.824.420.0
Zambia32.023.430.30.445.126.322.018.919.0
Fragile countries33.4-1.023.015.326.825.116.910.58.5
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe21.6-0.428.76.229.717.511.417.59.6
Burundi15.823.316.727.116.410.134.214.414.7
Central African Republic-2.7-8.014.216.5-4.2-3.7-6.37.97.5
Comoros13.6-0.7-4.26.316.08.611.04.76.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. of225.557.359.926.468.850.536.29.718.6
Côte d’Ivoire10.2-26.69.57.410.323.65.610.72.5
Eritrea25.415.111.710.75.712.115.910.412.2
Gambia, The63.443.418.313.126.26.718.410.910.8
Guinea14.935.337.037.259.44.738.310.811.2
Guinea-Bissau34.7-65.344.020.65.325.520.78.56.6
Liberia-1.939.438.430.927.633.438.0-2.45.7
São Tomé and Príncipe34.543.97.445.939.336.435.28.810.7
Sierra Leone28.826.218.932.818.925.926.415.612.9
Togo3.311.418.31.422.118.215.910.010.0
Zimbabwe1-21.010.185.8-47.961.3-44.4-48.0171.723.7
Sub-Saharan Africa20.516.515.019.031.628.631.610.016.0
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe19.616.415.418.331.728.131.210.416.0
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa24.817.117.318.829.925.831.89.815.2
Oil-importing countries16.214.313.917.024.422.617.29.312.7
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa19.115.915.012.426.921.519.613.513.6
CFA franc zone10.93.89.014.215.219.715.02.87.0
WAEMU9.34.36.27.512.018.68.09.15.7
CEMAC12.83.112.121.118.220.821.6-3.78.3
EAC-512.418.014.112.921.617.522.416.618.3
SADC23.017.716.922.130.327.327.97.115.5
SACU14.013.013.119.624.423.415.25.612.0
COMESA39.025.924.923.037.830.446.511.919.7
Resource-intensive countries30.216.617.620.744.237.049.911.619.8
Oil36.722.917.923.546.440.257.011.321.8
Non-oil resource-intensive countries15.6-0.716.59.834.222.216.413.010.6
Non-resource intensive countries16.316.413.617.923.322.717.38.813.0
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries14.314.513.518.723.422.716.47.312.4
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries28.127.514.113.322.423.021.415.215.1
MDRI17.919.911.911.621.421.719.413.213.6
Fixed exchange rate regime11.85.69.813.320.319.715.64.27.9
Floating exchange rate regime22.719.416.320.334.330.735.711.317.9
Sources: IMF, African Department database, September 22, 2009; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, September 17, 2009.
Table SA14.Claims on Nonfinancial Private Sector(Percent of broad money)
1997-200220032004200520062007200820092010
Oil-exporting countries56.755.457.560.855.266.966.367.465.0
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria51.548.644.341.643.646.444.151.952.2
Angola21.132.235.234.742.050.043.149.348.2
Cameroon60.361.056.959.755.751.153.664.570.9
Chad50.253.849.343.945.730.335.936.937.9
Congo, Rep. of53.528.225.418.914.114.219.520.221.0
Equatorial Guinea62.533.230.333.640.640.845.772.078.7
Gabon80.975.561.353.653.756.855.357.156.8
Nigeria63.559.766.173.862.881.683.579.676.0
Middle-income countries104.0101.0102.1101.3102.1100.598.899.199.2
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa68.280.684.883.268.167.564.663.262.4
Botswana57.266.572.370.150.347.849.649.247.2
Cape Verde48.851.450.748.153.060.169.872.274.0
Lesotho57.222.123.831.226.330.730.930.730.7
Mauritius70.588.380.274.982.585.688.988.183.2
Namibia102.4123.6128.2123.3110.3111.2104.298.193.6
Seychelles19.323.827.230.828.742.337.240.140.2
South Africa108.7103.8104.4103.5106.3104.6103.5103.7104.0
Swaziland59.275.795.0102.098.999.191.7100.9101.0
Low-income countries52.245.548.453.454.557.363.665.466.9
Benin33.049.255.054.550.854.153.658.461.7
Burkina Faso53.450.360.978.981.867.172.772.871.3
Ethiopia49.334.334.545.750.655.166.766.367.5
Ghana52.848.949.258.859.672.274.275.779.1
Kenya71.058.964.665.463.669.170.969.672.7
Madagascar53.841.247.255.952.849.957.364.367.3
Malawi35.229.230.637.250.148.653.160.864.4
Mali68.361.467.256.361.760.757.961.162.1
Mozambique66.844.439.548.851.246.055.861.665.1
Niger53.542.843.348.755.254.065.860.659.2
Rwanda56.360.559.560.656.752.473.379.980.8
Senegal71.461.359.368.763.562.271.772.074.0
Tanzania24.629.135.837.438.243.349.456.155.4
Uganda42.236.139.641.245.748.156.558.660.7
Zambia50.033.735.341.744.450.261.863.161.6
Fragile countries50.248.046.946.544.344.249.248.950.0
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe
Burundi95.794.585.060.965.465.658.660.073.4
Central African Republic28.842.543.937.741.746.455.955.661.2
Comoros41.337.631.438.735.236.745.046.949.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. of14.518.824.530.128.132.047.350.547.6
Côte d’Ivoire67.361.860.657.256.253.657.054.456.1
Eritrea26.620.020.621.221.016.213.713.914.2
Gambia, The35.440.830.131.031.133.634.234.535.4
Guinea48.440.932.234.629.728.625.025.024.8
Guinea-Bissau19.08.85.26.411.515.115.016.217.5
Liberia58.563.656.747.147.945.944.441.541.3
São Tomé and Príncipe20.127.656.972.075.773.766.763.8
Sierra Leone15.920.324.521.721.724.130.229.934.2
Togo63.062.254.960.649.954.845.147.249.3
Zimbabwe1
Sub-Saharan Africa77.973.576.076.773.977.175.977.576.5
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa53.651.051.852.451.253.154.959.059.6
Oil-importing countries83.179.983.183.883.782.782.282.883.2
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa54.251.754.557.054.956.561.262.363.4
CFA franc zone61.956.854.253.452.250.153.058.159.8
WAEMU62.157.558.860.860.157.661.461.162.2
CEMAC61.756.049.046.144.942.945.554.957.3
EAC-550.845.650.351.452.556.861.663.865.8
SADC89.987.189.588.087.486.382.085.383.8
SACU105.7101.9103.2102.4103.7102.0100.6101.2101.2
COMESA51.649.452.352.752.156.256.560.360.0
Resource-intensive countries59.257.759.761.855.765.465.365.963.9
Oil56.755.457.560.855.266.966.367.465.0
Non-oil resource-intensive countries63.964.767.365.858.457.959.958.758.2
Non-resource intensive countries85.781.985.185.986.985.885.285.886.5
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries93.189.191.792.093.192.090.691.492.1
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries44.841.245.250.052.753.161.763.764.3
MDRI49.545.346.952.052.854.060.864.366.0
Fixed exchange rate regime62.961.160.959.756.254.355.760.461.2
Floating exchange rate regime81.676.679.880.777.882.280.681.380.0
Sources: IMF, African Department database, September 22, 2009; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, September 17, 2009.
Table SA15.Exports of Goods and Services(Percent of GDP)
1997-200220032004200520062007200820092010
Oil-exporting countries46.147.149.253.650.751.853.139.944.5
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria52.153.256.465.065.266.868.049.953.5
Angola75.069.669.779.373.875.475.652.155.9
Cameroon24.724.022.724.528.133.133.421.822.6
Chad16.824.651.455.556.454.854.141.646.8
Congo, Rep. of79.684.371.783.085.483.478.773.779.5
Equatorial Guinea98.596.890.187.486.881.978.375.871.7
Gabon58.255.162.264.761.962.266.652.256.1
Nigeria42.243.244.545.841.041.041.632.036.8
Middle-income countries30.630.729.330.032.033.636.928.229.1
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa52.049.849.350.851.251.148.140.740.9
Botswana49.745.444.251.447.047.643.536.035.9
Cape Verde26.931.632.236.842.041.238.532.832.7
Lesotho36.952.360.051.150.052.746.838.134.8
Mauritius60.458.055.557.260.560.856.049.048.9
Namibia42.833.734.734.139.939.837.729.030.8
Seychelles60.072.874.781.488.695.7124.0131.1113.7
South Africa27.828.126.727.429.731.535.426.627.6
Swaziland74.085.188.474.671.567.362.953.856.3
Low-income countries20.221.423.623.524.924.824.221.822.0
Benin14.913.714.312.911.416.215.313.613.7
Burkina Faso10.18.410.99.911.510.69.39.513.0
Ethiopia12.614.214.915.113.912.711.69.410.9
Ghana39.140.739.336.440.240.042.550.952.9
Kenya22.323.726.928.425.926.127.822.822.0
Madagascar23.923.232.626.929.930.024.823.723.8
Malawi25.519.720.620.419.122.222.519.121.1
Mali25.626.024.324.530.026.625.024.723.3
Mozambique19.230.132.233.240.637.834.127.931.6
Niger17.915.718.316.816.417.619.018.819.6
Rwanda9.610.713.813.712.312.214.98.99.8
Senegal28.226.627.127.025.625.524.923.123.7
Tanzania13.014.718.019.721.721.220.220.418.3
Uganda11.511.412.513.115.516.921.720.719.8
Zambia28.728.637.734.537.541.935.931.928.1
Fragile countries31.435.237.540.441.644.842.936.036.1
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe
Burundi7.78.49.611.510.18.68.36.37.2
Central African Republic19.613.513.812.814.214.110.88.69.1
Comoros15.217.515.114.314.214.814.013.914.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. of21.926.030.133.337.765.361.142.743.9
Côte d’Ivoire42.245.848.651.152.747.846.543.342.2
Eritrea13.46.45.86.26.95.85.03.35.0
Gambia, The45.245.249.444.343.635.527.729.529.0
Guinea22.925.123.533.839.330.132.529.530.4
Guinea-Bissau23.827.832.131.318.728.029.830.227.3
Liberia36.036.870.061.981.474.391.074.476.8
São Tomé and Príncipe17.917.714.113.913.79.211.210.311.6
Sierra Leone15.723.222.523.624.920.815.811.612.5
Togo28.534.737.236.924.726.323.521.321.6
Zimbabwe
Sub-Saharan Africa31.633.334.236.637.638.941.031.233.5
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa32.334.537.541.242.743.844.333.935.9
Oil-importing countries27.528.428.529.030.731.833.026.627.2
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa27.328.830.831.232.132.330.726.626.8
CFA franc zone35.236.239.343.044.543.944.436.338.4