Chapter

Statistical Appendix

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
Published Date:
April 2009
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Unless otherwise noted, data and projections presented in this report are IMF staff estimates at April 14, 2009, consistent with the projections underlying the April 2009 World Economic Outlook.

The data and projections cover the 44 countries of the IMF’s African Department. Data definitions follow established international statistical methodologies to the extent possible. However, in some cases data limitations limit comparability across countries.

Country Groupings

As in previous Regional Economic Outlooks, countries are aggregated into four nonoverlapping groups: oil exporters, and non-oil-exporting middle-income, low-income, and fragile countries (see the appendix tables).

  • The 7 oil exporters are countries where net oil exports make up 30 percent or more of total exports. Except for Angola and Nigeria, they belong to the Central African Economic and Monetary Community. Oil exporters are classified as such even if they would otherwise qualify for another group.

  • The 8 middle-income countries are not oil exporters and had per capita gross national income of more than US$905 in 2006, as calculated by the World Bank.

  • The 15 low-income countries are not oil exporters and had per capita gross national income equal to or lower than US$905 in 2006 and a score higher than 3.2 in the Country Policy and Institutional Assessment of the World Bank, following the classification in the 2007 Global Monitoring Report.

  • The 14 countries that are not oil exporters and had per capita gross national income equal to or lower than US$905 in 2006 and a score of 3.2 or less on the Country Policy and Institutional Assessment are categorized as fragile.

In addition, countries are classified as resource-rich if their primary commodity rents exceed 10 percent of GDP. Non-resource-rich countries are also classified by whether they are coastal or landlocked (Table SA MN 1).

Finally, countries are grouped into regional cooperation bodies: CFA franc zone, comprising the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) and the Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC); East Africa Community (EAC-5); Southern African Development Community (SADC); Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa. (COMESA); and Southern Africa Customs Union (SACU) (Table SA MN 2).

Unless otherwise noted, group aggregates exclude data for Eritrea, Liberia, and Zimbabwe because of data limitations. EAC-5 aggregates include data for Rwanda and Burundi, which joined only in 2007. COMESA aggregates exclude data for Sudan.

Methods of Aggregation

In Tables SA1–2,SA21, and SA22, country group composites are calculated as the arithmetic average of data for individual countries, weighted by GDP valued at purchasing power parity as a share of total group GDP. The source of purchasing power parity weights is the WEO database.

In Tables SA3–4,SA6–12,SA14–20, and SA23–25, country group composites are calculated as the arithmetic average of data for individual countries, weighted by GDP in U.S. dollars at market exchange rates as a share of total group GDP.

In Table SA5, country group composites are calculated as the geometric average of data for individual countries, weighted by GDP valued at purchasing power parity as a share of total group GDP. The source of purchasing power parity weights is the WEO database.

In Table SA13, country group composites are calculated as the geometric average of data for individual countries, weighted by GDP in U.S. dollars at market exchange rates as a share of total group GDP.

Table SA MN 1.Sub-Saharan Africa: Country Groupings
Resource-RichNon-Resource-Rich
OilNon-oilCoastalLandlocked
AngolaBotswanaBenin *Burkina Faso *
Cameroon *Côte d’IvoireCape VerdeBurundi *
ChadGuineaComorosCentral African Republic
Congo, Rep. ofNamibiaGambia, The *Congo, Dem. Rep. of
Equatorial GuineaSão Tomé and Príncipe *Ghana *Ethiopia *
GabonSierra Leone *Guinea-BissauLesotho
NigeriaZambia *KenyaMalawi *
Madagascar *Mali *
MauritiusNiger *
Mozambique *Rwanda *
Senegal *Swaziland
SeychellesUganda *
South AfricaZimbabwe
Tanzania *
Togo
*Country has reached the completion point under the enhanced HIPC Initiative and has qualified for MDRI relief.
Table SA MN 2.Member Countries of the Regional Groupings in Africa
The West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU)Economic and Monetary Community of Central African States (CEMAC)Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)East Africa Community (EAC-5)Southern African Development Community (SADC)Southern Africa Customs Union (SACU)
BeninCameroonAngolaBurundiAngolaBotswana
Burkina FasoCentral AfricanBurundiKenyaBotswanaLesotho
Côte d’IvoireRepublicComorosRwandaCongo, Dem. Rep. ofNamibia
Guinea-BissauChadCongo, Dem. Rep. ofTanzaniaLesothoSouth Africa
MaliCongo, Rep. ofDjiboutiUgandaMalawiSwaziland
NigerEquatorialEgyptMauritius
SenegalGuineaEritreaMozambique
TogoGabonEthiopiaNamibia
KenyaSeychelles
MadagascarSouth Africa
MalawiSwaziland
MauritiusTanzania
RwandaZambia
SeychellesZimbabwe
Sudan
Swaziland
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe

List of Tables

SA1. Real GDP Growth

SA2. Real Non-Oil GDP Growth

SA3. Real Per Capita GDP Growth

SA4. Real Per Capita GDP

SA5. Consumer Prices

SA6. Total Investment

SA7. Domestic Saving

SA8. Overall Fiscal Balance, Including Grants

SA9. Overall Fiscal Balance, Excluding Grants

SA10. Government Revenue, Excluding Grants

SA11. Government Expenditure

SA12. Broad Money

SA13. Broad Money Growth

SA14. Claims on Nonfinancial Private Sector

SA15. Exports of Goods and Services

SA16. Imports of Goods and Services

SA17. Trade Balance

SA18. External Current Account, Including Grants

SA19. External Current Account, Excluding Grants

SA20. Official Grants

SA21. Real Effective Exchange Rates

SA22. Nominal Effective Exchange Rates

SA23. External Debt to Official Creditors

SA24. Terms of Trade

SA25. Reserves

Table SA1.Real GDP Growth

Percent

1997-200220032004200520062007200820092010
Oil-exporting countries6.48.311.27.67.48.96.91.44.0
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria5.64.912.311.29.312.59.3-0.86.0
Angola4.93.311.220.618.620.314.8-3.69.3
Cameroon4.54.03.72.33.23.53.42.42.6
Chad5.214.733.67.90.20.2-0.42.82.5
Congo, Rep. of2.70.83.57.86.2-1.65.69.511.9
Equatorial Guinea50.114.038.09.71.321.411.3-5.4-2.8
Gabon0.02.41.13.01.25.62.00.72.7
Nigeria6.810.310.65.46.26.45.32.92.6
Middle-income countries2.93.35.04.75.45.03.1-0.82.5
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa5.75.06.52.15.84.52.9-5.88.8
Botswana8.06.36.01.65.14.42.9-10.414.3
Cape Verde7.84.74.36.510.87.85.92.53.0
Lesotho2.43.94.60.78.15.13.50.63.0
Mauritius5.14.14.33.43.54.26.62.12.3
Namibia3.64.312.32.57.24.12.9-0.71.8
Seychelles3.3-5.9-2.97.58.37.30.1-9.62.6
South Africa2.73.14.95.05.35.13.1-0.31.9
Swaziland2.33.92.52.22.93.52.50.52.6
Low-income countries4.14.56.17.17.37.36.94.54.8
Benin5.14.03.02.93.84.65.03.83.0
Burkina Faso5.77.34.67.15.53.65.03.54.1
Ethiopia3.4-3.59.812.611.511.511.66.56.5
Ghana4.35.25.65.96.46.17.24.54.7
Kenya1.92.84.65.96.47.02.03.04.0
Madagascar1.79.85.34.65.06.25.0-0.22.0
Malawi1.65.75.43.36.78.69.76.96.0
Mali5.07.21.26.15.34.35.03.94.1
Mozambique9.06.57.98.48.77.06.24.34.0
Niger4.27.1-0.88.45.83.39.53.04.5
Rwanda9.70.35.37.27.37.911.25.65.8
Senegal4.06.75.95.62.44.72.53.13.4
Tanzania4.86.97.87.46.77.17.55.05.7
Uganda6.16.56.86.310.88.69.56.25.5
Zambia2.65.15.45.36.26.36.04.04.5
Fragile countries0.81.23.33.73.03.33.73.14.4
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe0.60.83.13.42.83.03.73.14.4
Burundi1.6-1.24.80.95.13.64.53.53.8
Central African Republic2.8-7.11.02.43.83.72.22.43.1
Comoros2.72.5-0.24.21.20.51.00.81.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. of-2.85.86.67.95.66.36.22.75.5
Côte d’Ivoire1.0-1.71.61.90.71.62.33.74.2
Eritrea1.6-2.71.52.6-1.01.31.01.14.7
Gambia, The4.36.97.05.16.56.35.94.04.4
Guinea4.21.22.33.02.51.84.02.64.1
Guinea-Bissau-1.7-0.62.23.50.62.73.31.93.1
Liberia11.9-31.32.65.37.89.57.14.97.5
São Tomé and Príncipe3.55.46.65.76.76.05.85.06.0
Sierra Leone3.89.57.47.37.46.45.54.55.3
Togo0.15.22.41.23.91.91.11.72.1
Zimbabwe-2.7-10.4-3.6-4.0-5.4-6.1
Sub-Saharan Africa4.15.17.26.26.46.85.41.53.8
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe4.15.07.26.26.46.85.41.53.8
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa4.14.27.47.47.28.17.02.15.4
Oil-importing countries3.23.65.35.55.95.84.61.63.6
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa3.64.05.66.16.46.46.13.35.1
CFA franc zone4.44.67.74.82.94.64.12.63.4
WAEMU3.23.82.84.53.23.33.93.43.8
CEMAC5.85.512.55.12.56.04.31.73.0
EAC-54.04.66.26.47.57.46.04.55.0
SADC3.13.95.96.67.07.25.3-0.33.9
SACU2.93.35.04.75.35.03.0-0.82.5
COMESA3.23.17.610.310.611.39.22.06.1
Resource-intensive countries5.87.210.06.86.88.06.41.14.4
Oil6.48.311.27.67.48.96.91.44.0
Non-oil resource-intensive countries3.52.64.72.73.93.63.5-0.46.6
Non-resource intensive countries3.13.75.35.96.16.04.81.93.3
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries3.03.85.15.35.55.53.60.92.7
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries3.63.06.28.18.57.98.85.15.5
MDRI4.64.86.06.87.06.97.34.54.7
Fixed exchange rate regime4.64.77.44.33.44.63.91.14.3
Floating exchange rate regime4.05.27.26.77.17.35.71.63.6
Sources: IMF, African Department database, April 14, 2009; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, April 14, 2009.
Table SA2.Real Non-Oil GDP Growth

Percent

1997–200220032004200520062007200820092010
Oil-exporting countries8.56.511.38.312.212.19.54.54.9
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria6.87.28.110.416.416.012.15.37.5
Angola8.410.39.014.127.520.118.49.011.4
Cameroon4.94.94.93.22.94.14.13.23.3
Chad4.66.02.111.04.73.13.24.03.5
Congo, Rep. of2.85.45.05.45.96.65.43.56.0
Equatorial Guinea28.313.928.422.829.847.217.6-0.54.6
Gabon2.40.92.34.34.96.23.0-0.52.8
Nigeria9.56.113.37.09.69.57.64.03.0
Middle-income countries2.93.35.04.75.45.03.1-0.82.5
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa5.75.06.52.25.84.52.9-5.88.8
Botswana8.06.36.01.65.14.42.9-10.414.3
Cape Verde7.84.74.27.310.87.85.92.53.0
Lesotho2.43.94.60.78.15.13.50.63.0
Mauritius5.14.14.33.43.54.26.62.12.3
Namibia3.64.312.32.57.24.12.9-0.71.8
Seychelles3.3-5.9-2.97.58.37.30.1-9.62.6
South Africa2.73.14.95.05.35.13.1-0.31.9
Swaziland2.33.92.52.22.93.52.50.52.6
Low-income countries4.14.56.57.17.37.36.94.54.8
Benin5.14.03.02.93.84.65.03.83.0
Burkina Faso5.77.34.67.15.53.65.03.54.1
Ethiopia3.4-3.513.112.611.511.511.66.56.5
Ghana4.35.25.65.96.46.17.24.54.7
Kenya1.92.84.65.96.47.02.03.04.0
Madagascar1.79.85.34.65.06.25.0-0.22.0
Malawi1.65.75.43.36.78.69.76.96.0
Mali5.07.21.26.15.34.35.03.94.1
Mozambique9.06.57.98.48.77.06.24.34.0
Niger4.27.1-0.88.45.83.39.53.04.5
Rwanda9.70.35.37.27.37.911.25.65.8
Senegal4.06.75.95.62.44.72.53.13.4
Tanzania4.86.97.87.46.77.17.55.05.7
Uganda6.16.56.86.310.88.69.56.25.5
Zambia2.65.15.45.36.26.36.04.04.5
Fragile countries0.81.23.33.42.83.53.83.14.4
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe0.60.83.13.22.53.23.83.14.4
Burundi1.6-1.24.80.95.13.64.53.53.8
Central African Republic2.8-7.11.02.43.83.72.22.43.1
Comoros2.72.5-0.24.21.20.51.00.81.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. of-2.85.86.67.95.66.36.22.75.5
Côte d’Ivoire0.9-2.21.61.30.02.12.53.64.2
Eritrea1.6-2.71.52.6-1.01.31.01.14.7
Gambia, The4.36.97.05.16.56.35.94.04.4
Guinea4.21.22.33.02.51.84.02.64.1
Guinea-Bissau-1.7-0.62.23.50.62.73.31.93.1
Liberia3.3-31.32.65.37.89.57.14.97.5
São Tomé and Príncipe3.55.46.65.76.76.05.85.06.0
Sierra Leone3.89.57.47.37.46.45.54.55.3
Togo0.15.22.41.23.91.91.11.72.1
Zimbabwe-2.7-10.4-3.6-4.0-5.4-6.1
Sub-Saharan Africa4.84.87.46.48.07.96.32.64.1
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe4.74.77.46.48.07.96.32.64.1
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa4.45.46.57.29.19.17.83.95.8
Oil-importing countries3.24.05.45.55.95.84.61.63.6
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa3.64.86.06.06.46.46.13.35.1
CFA franc zone4.44.35.16.15.57.95.22.73.8
WAEMU3.23.62.84.33.03.54.03.43.8
CEMAC5.75.07.47.98.112.26.32.03.8
EAC-54.04.66.26.47.57.46.04.55.0
SADC3.44.55.76.08.07.25.71.44.2
SACU2.93.35.04.75.35.03.0-0.82.5
COMESA3.84.67.78.812.911.310.25.56.7
Resource-intensive countries7.56.510.17.310.710.78.53.75.1
Oil8.56.511.38.312.212.19.54.54.9
Non-oil resource-intensive countries3.56.44.72.53.63.73.5-0.46.6
Non-resource intensive countries3.13.75.55.96.16.04.81.93.3
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries3.03.85.15.35.55.53.60.92.7
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries3.63.07.18.18.57.98.85.15.5
MDRI4.64.96.76.96.97.07.44.64.8
Fixed exchange rate regime4.64.45.35.45.67.34.81.24.7
Floating exchange rate regime4.84.97.96.78.58.06.62.93.9
Sources: IMF, African Department database, April 14, 2009; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, April 14, 2009.
Table SA3.Real Per Capita GDP Growth

Percent

1997–200220032004200520062007200820092010
Oil-exporting countries3.45.28.24.74.56.04.1-1.41.2
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria2.41.59.28.16.39.46.4-3.53.2
Angola1.90.48.017.215.216.911.5-6.46.1
Cameroon1.51.20.9-0.50.40.70.6-0.30.1
Chad2.64.830.45.3-2.3-2.3-2.80.30.0
Congo, Rep. of-0.1-2.00.64.73.2-4.42.66.58.7
Equatorial Guinea40.010.734.16.7-1.618.08.2-8.1-5.6
Gabon-2.4-0.1-1.40.5-1.33.00.5-0.71.3
Nigeria3.97.47.62.63.43.62.50.1-0.1
Middle-income countries1.52.24.03.84.24.01.5-1.81.4
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa3.83.55.02.24.23.42.8-4.96.1
Botswana6.05.14.80.84.33.51.8-11.513.0
Cape Verde5.42.82.44.68.86.33.30.61.0
Lesotho0.72.12.3-1.16.23.21.7-1.21.1
Mauritius3.92.73.92.62.73.65.71.31.5
Namibia1.22.911.05.25.32.22.0-1.61.0
Seychelles2.8-7.7-3.77.46.37.20.4-10.00.4
South Africa1.22.13.84.04.24.11.3-1.40.8
Swaziland1.53.52.11.82.53.12.10.12.3
Low-income countries1.32.03.54.54.84.74.42.02.4
Benin1.72.00.10.00.81.41.70.6-0.2
Burkina Faso2.73.91.54.63.11.32.61.21.7
Ethiopia0.4-6.16.89.68.58.48.83.84.0
Ghana1.72.63.03.23.83.54.51.92.1
Kenya-0.30.72.63.94.55.10.21.22.2
Madagascar-1.26.72.41.82.23.42.3-2.8-0.6
Malawi-1.23.43.21.24.66.57.54.83.9
Mali2.54.8-1.13.72.92.02.61.51.8
Mozambique6.84.55.86.36.64.94.12.32.0
Niger0.93.8-3.85.22.60.26.2-0.11.4
Rwanda3.9-1.43.85.45.45.78.93.43.6
Senegal1.44.23.43.20.02.30.10.71.0
Tanzania2.34.85.55.14.85.05.42.93.6
Uganda2.92.93.22.76.94.85.72.51.8
Zambia0.32.72.92.83.83.83.51.62.1
Fragile countries-1.63.7-0.40.90.20.40.80.21.5
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe-1.73.1-0.50.70.00.20.80.21.5
Burundi-0.7-4.02.8-1.13.11.52.51.51.8
Central African Republic0.8-8.9-1.00.41.81.70.20.41.1
Comoros0.70.4-2.32.1-0.8-1.6-1.1-1.2-0.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. of-5.02.83.54.72.53.23.1-0.32.5
Côte d’Ivoire-1.3-3.2-3.3-0.8-2.2-1.4-0.70.71.2
Eritrea-1.9-6.9-2.8-1.4-7.1-2.0-2.1-1.91.6
Gambia, The0.94.24.32.53.83.63.21.31.8
Guinea1.033.5-0.9-0.2-0.7-1.40.7-0.70.9
Guinea-Bissau-6.2-3.7-0.90.4-2.4-0.30.4-1.00.1
Liberia7.7-32.20.82.43.74.51.90.03.1
São Tomé and Príncipe1.73.64.83.95.04.34.13.34.3
Sierra Leone1.16.74.64.54.73.72.81.82.6
Togo-3.22.4-0.3-1.41.4-0.6-1.4-0.8-0.4
Zimbabwe-2.4-11.3-3.3-4.0-5.4-6.1
Sub-Saharan Africa1.83.25.04.14.24.63.1-0.61.6
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe1.83.25.04.14.24.63.1-0.61.6
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa1.42.24.64.84.65.44.4-0.32.8
Oil-importing countries1.22.33.43.84.14.02.5-0.11.8
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa1.12.53.03.73.93.93.70.92.7
CFA franc zone1.51.64.52.10.21.91.50.00.8
WAEMU0.51.5-0.71.80.50.61.20.71.1
CEMAC2.61.89.62.4-0.23.21.7-0.80.5
EAC-51.32.23.74.05.15.03.72.22.7
SADC1.42.44.45.15.45.63.3-1.82.3
SACU1.42.34.03.84.24.01.3-1.91.4
COMESA0.60.64.97.47.68.36.4-0.53.4
Resource-intensive countries2.95.17.04.14.05.23.61.61.7
Oil3.45.28.24.74.56.04.1-1.41.2
Non-oil resource-intensive countries1.24.71.71.11.61.31.2-2.64.4
Non-resource intensive countries1.22.03.64.14.34.32.70.11.5
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries1.32.43.73.94.04.11.8-0.51.2
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries0.70.23.35.35.65.16.02.42.8
MDRI1.72.13.34.14.34.24.61.92.2
Fixed exchange rate regime1.92.04.62.10.92.11.5-1.22.0
Floating exchange rate regime1.83.55.14.65.05.23.4-0.41.5
Sources: IMF, African Department database, April 14, 2009; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, April 14, 2009.
Table SA4.Real Per Capita GDP

U.S. dollars, at 2000 prices, using 2000 exchange rates

1997–200220032004200520062007200820092010
Oil-exporting countries493589632657684719746737745
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria7477918459029491026108410491080
Angola70076682897011171306145613631447
Cameroon649673679675678683687685686
Chad197224293308301294286287287
Congo, Rep. of110911141120117312111158118812651375
Equatorial Guinea146525723449367936204273462142474010
Gabon447540974040406140094128415041204172
Nigeria405517556571590611626627626
Middle-income countries280930093129325033873522356935033547
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa179719952102214722462315235422072339
Botswana333439874179421143914544462440944628
Cape Verde118713651398146215901690174717561774
Lesotho370382391386410423430425430
Mauritius366740904248435844744633489749605036
Namibia204821772416254226762735279027472774
Seychelles92078546822988369395100701011491009140
South Africa297131743296342835723718376637133743
Swaziland150516111645167417161769180618081849
Low-income countries249263272284296310322329336
Benin374394394394397403410412412
Burkina Faso231252256267276279287290295
Ethiopia125120128141153166180187195
Ghana269287296306317328343349357
Kenya413413424440460484485491502
Madagascar232223229233238246252245243
Malawi151146150152159169182191198
Mali252281278288297302310315321
Mozambique240291307327348365380389396
Niger161172166174179179190190193
Rwanda224237246259273289315325337
Senegal446474490506506517518521527
Tanzania304344363382400420443456472
Uganda252281290297318333352361368
Zambia315334343353366380394400408
Fragile countries233229228230230231233233237
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe285263260259256253233233237
Burundi111104107105109110113115117
Central African Republic242216214215218222223223226
Comoros374380371379376370366361359
Congo, Dem. Rep. of928588929497101100103
Côte d’Ivoire639574555551539531528532538
Eritrea222190185182169166162159162
Gambia, The312323337345358371383388395
Guinea389529524523519512515512516
Guinea-Bissau179145143144140140140139139
Liberia172118119122126132134134139
São Tomé and Príncipe561630660686720751782809843
Sierra Leone151202212221232240247252258
Togo245227227224227225222220220
Zimbabwe720577558536507476
Sub-Saharan Africa536575597616638661677669675
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe539575597615636658677669675
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa319335347361375392407405416
Oil-importing countries552570585601620639650643649
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa273285293302313323333335343
CFA franc zone465472484493494501508508512
WAEMU360356354359360362366369373
CEMAC707736782797798819833826831
EAC-5306325337350368386401409420
SADC892935966100210441088111210861098
SACU281330153136325733943528357635113555
COMESA244249260276295317335333343
Resource-intensive countries521604640660683712734723733
Oil493589632657684719746737745
Non-oil resource-intensive countries624660669671678683687668689
Non-resource intensive countries543560575593614634646640645
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries95910001030106311011139115411401147
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries163166171179189197208213218
MDRI252269278288300312325331338
Fixed exchange rate regime549565581590595605612602612
Floating exchange rate regime533577601623648674692685691
Sources: IMF, African Department database, April 14, 2009; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, April 14, 2009.
Table SA5.Consumer Prices

Annual average, percent change

1997–200220032004200520062007200820092010
Oil-exporting countries25.219.814.914.88.15.710.311.58.4
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria50.230.214.610.27.96.09.07.76.1
Angola193.998.343.623.013.312.212.512.18.9
Cameroon3.50.60.32.04.91.15.32.32.0
Chad3.8-1.8-4.83.77.7-7.48.33.03.0
Congo, Rep. of3.71.73.72.54.72.66.09.55.1
Equatorial Guinea5.47.34.25.74.52.85.94.16.1
Gabon0.92.10.41.2-1.45.05.32.63.0
Nigeria10.614.015.017.88.35.511.214.210.1
Middle-income countries6.95.91.93.75.17.111.56.45.7
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa7.47.05.35.78.57.511.68.55.8
Botswana7.79.27.08.611.67.112.68.15.2
Cape Verde3.41.2-1.90.44.84.46.83.52.7
Lesotho8.47.35.03.46.18.010.76.66.1
Mauritius6.13.94.74.98.99.18.87.35.1
Namibia8.97.24.12.35.16.710.39.16.3
Seychelles3.73.33.90.6-1.95.337.039.217.9
South Africa6.85.81.43.44.77.111.56.15.6
Swaziland8.07.43.44.85.38.213.17.96.7
Low-income countries7.38.67.68.79.08.613.114.06.8
Benin3.41.50.95.43.81.38.04.02.8
Burkina Faso2.32.0-0.46.42.4-0.210.74.72.3
Ethiopia-0.715.18.66.812.315.825.342.213.3
Ghana21.626.712.615.110.210.716.514.67.6
Kenya7.09.811.610.314.59.813.18.45.0
Madagascar8.8-1.114.018.410.810.49.29.48.1
Malawi26.39.611.415.513.97.98.710.18.0
Mali1.9-1.2-3.16.41.51.59.12.52.8
Mozambique8.413.512.66.413.28.210.35.45.2
Niger2.5-1.80.47.80.10.111.35.02.3
Rwanda4.27.412.09.08.99.115.411.56.3
Senegal1.60.00.51.72.15.95.81.12.2
Tanzania8.94.44.14.47.37.010.310.95.7
Uganda3.75.75.08.06.66.87.313.77.4
Zambia24.321.418.018.39.010.712.412.28.3
Fragile countries29.06.74.88.98.69.712.414.28.1
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe30.113.010.212.916.323.912.414.28.1
Burundi13.210.78.013.42.88.324.410.97.5
Central African Republic1.34.4-2.22.96.70.99.35.22.6
Comoros3.13.74.53.03.44.54.84.92.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. of240.912.84.021.413.216.718.033.919.9
Côte d’Ivoire3.23.31.53.92.51.96.35.93.2
Eritrea12.222.725.112.515.19.311.010.59.7
Gambia, The3.617.014.35.02.15.44.56.45.8
Guinea5.13.011.017.531.434.722.918.45.9
Guinea-Bissau10.8-3.50.85.6-0.14.610.43.63.6
Liberia10.510.33.66.97.211.417.52.04.5
São Tomé and Príncipe25.39.612.817.223.118.526.017.512.8
Sierra Leone13.87.514.212.19.511.714.810.68.9
Togo2.5-0.90.46.82.21.08.42.82.1
Zimbabwe61.7365.0350.0237.81016.710452.6
Sub-Saharan Africa13.310.97.68.87.37.211.610.57.1
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe13.411.37.99.07.77.911.610.57.1
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa19.213.28.88.88.67.911.711.76.7
Oil-importing countries8.97.04.26.06.97.912.210.06.3
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa11.08.16.88.48.98.612.813.36.9
CFA franc zone2.71.40.43.73.11.57.03.93.1
WAEMU2.71.10.34.82.22.07.93.92.7
CEMAC2.71.60.42.74.11.06.03.83.5
EAC-56.97.17.77.89.88.211.210.65.9
SADC19.812.36.36.86.88.211.68.46.6
SACU6.96.01.83.65.07.111.56.35.7
COMESA37.623.815.613.011.411.414.317.19.1
Resource-intensive countries21.217.613.513.58.36.110.511.18.0
Oil25.219.814.914.88.15.710.311.58.4
Non-oil resource-intensive countries8.08.77.67.69.08.511.39.35.4
Non-resource intensive countries9.16.83.85.86.67.812.310.06.4
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries7.36.53.55.06.27.411.47.05.6
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries17.17.95.09.08.39.515.821.69.5
MDRI6.97.36.17.77.77.612.313.56.6
Fixed exchange rate regime3.62.51.24.14.02.57.94.73.6
Floating exchange rate regime15.913.09.29.98.08.212.411.87.8
Sources: IMF, African Department database, April 14, 2009; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, April 14, 2009.
Table SA6.Total Investment

Percent of GDP

1997–200220032004200520062007200820092010
Oil-exporting countries24.124.421.620.721.322.121.526.124.0
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria23.322.919.317.617.419.217.122.119.8
Angola21.412.79.18.111.314.012.718.716.7
Cameroon18.317.518.919.116.818.219.117.818.2
Chad27.055.725.821.421.419.115.716.715.9
Congo, Rep. of24.826.122.522.523.427.022.033.326.7
Equatorial Guinea70.359.743.739.932.535.326.739.732.3
Gabon27.423.824.421.324.725.024.229.528.9
Nigeria24.525.323.222.723.824.124.728.927.3
Middle-income countries17.217.119.519.221.722.623.322.723.2
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa29.826.226.723.426.027.832.427.729.5
Botswana35.031.835.424.330.834.040.936.040.4
Cape Verde34.831.239.741.043.047.443.039.440.0
Lesotho43.830.924.824.724.324.328.431.534.4
Mauritius25.624.922.823.422.526.429.823.123.9
Namibia21.219.419.119.722.820.924.922.221.8
Seychelles34.917.918.934.328.132.536.030.331.1
South Africa15.916.118.618.721.221.922.122.022.3
Swaziland18.018.819.218.616.716.217.317.517.0
Low-income countries17.519.720.722.623.224.624.623.623.7
Benin19.219.619.019.618.121.420.724.524.8
Burkina Faso20.517.215.620.517.219.518.118.219.5
Ethiopia17.121.625.523.024.225.021.819.116.4
Ghana23.322.922.429.030.433.834.629.135.3
Kenya13.413.114.416.419.018.616.217.316.8
Madagascar15.116.825.823.825.028.335.126.425.3
Malawi13.917.118.222.722.025.926.522.123.9
Mali21.324.521.522.120.921.020.419.419.7
Mozambique23.322.318.618.717.718.022.023.521.2
Niger12.616.314.623.123.623.626.436.145.2
Rwanda17.118.620.321.620.421.022.723.723.5
Senegal18.825.926.028.528.230.930.228.628.4
Tanzania15.319.222.625.127.629.631.830.831.9
Uganda18.821.020.222.421.222.123.626.426.3
Zambia18.225.624.323.523.525.023.623.023.3
Fragile countries13.712.212.512.111.712.214.414.918.3
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe12.05.411.511.212.014.714.414.918.3
Burundi6.310.613.310.816.317.519.720.620.9
Central African Republic9.76.36.89.810.110.011.610.912.4
Comoros10.410.39.49.39.210.413.512.313.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. of14.612.212.813.813.318.321.924.331.7
Côte d’Ivoire12.810.110.89.79.38.710.111.213.5
Eritrea31.326.520.320.313.711.510.910.711.1
Gambia, The20.020.017.413.313.28.914.615.916.9
Guinea18.121.620.719.517.214.217.27.010.0
Guinea-Bissau28.122.925.425.424.224.324.841.939.3
Liberia
São Tomé and Príncipe
Sierra Leone6.114.010.617.115.213.114.514.415.6
Togo12.010.911.111.812.810.912.414.516.1
Zimbabwe11.5-13.05.14.313.723.6
Sub-Saharan Africa18.619.319.919.921.322.222.423.723.3
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe18.118.419.819.821.322.322.423.723.3
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa19.119.919.919.820.221.621.422.522.3
Oil-importing countries16.917.419.319.621.422.323.022.323.0
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa18.119.020.120.821.622.923.822.623.5
CFA franc zone19.421.420.220.920.021.220.322.622.7
WAEMU16.217.016.618.117.418.418.720.121.8
CEMAC23.727.024.123.622.424.021.725.623.6
EAC-515.116.818.520.521.922.522.723.723.4
SADC17.217.018.918.520.521.621.922.522.6
SACU17.017.019.419.021.622.323.022.523.1
COMESA16.816.517.317.017.919.418.920.619.6
Resource-intensive countries22.823.221.420.121.021.721.524.923.6
Oil24.124.421.620.721.322.121.526.124.0
Non-oil resource-intensive countries19.519.520.517.719.719.621.819.121.3
Non-resource intensive countries16.617.119.119.821.622.723.122.723.2
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries16.416.819.119.721.822.923.422.923.3
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries17.518.819.120.620.121.721.922.022.6
MDRI18.220.421.323.022.924.725.123.924.2
Fixed exchange rate regime21.522.421.721.321.322.522.423.724.0
Floating exchange rate regime17.818.419.519.621.322.222.423.623.2
Sources: IMF, African Department database, April 14, 2009; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, April 14, 2009.
Table SA7.Domestic Saving

Percent of GDP

1997–200220032004200520062007200820092010
Oil-exporting countries28.728.035.839.641.638.139.625.727.0
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria29.028.033.541.345.943.746.428.826.0
Angola24.319.225.137.949.145.049.126.119.7
Cameroon19.117.818.518.118.919.120.511.512.7
Chad-3.819.116.928.326.421.721.04.610.8
Congo, Rep. of47.530.952.252.242.029.739.135.744.0
Equatorial Guinea63.480.178.983.786.186.972.872.265.4
Gabon48.648.054.658.357.156.259.146.849.7
Nigeria28.328.037.438.538.834.234.523.527.8
Middle-income countries19.019.019.018.318.819.419.417.918.4
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa23.124.924.722.125.924.222.211.214.4
Botswana43.742.842.841.047.246.145.526.633.1
Cape Verde-6.0-7.2-5.72.94.86.43.83.65.7
Lesotho-28.1-24.7-23.0-26.7-22.1-25.5-32.7-37.2-33.5
Mauritius24.425.823.319.015.615.416.17.27.7
Namibia13.212.815.616.625.219.915.710.211.2
Seychelles24.321.714.715.614.213.37.814.416.7
South Africa18.618.418.217.917.918.819.018.818.9
Swaziland4.820.817.63.63.85.9-3.20.21.9
Low-income countries7.19.28.99.510.49.67.37.88.6
Benin7.16.76.710.26.86.17.210.511.7
Burkina Faso6.14.21.84.83.35.32.12.95.2
Ethiopia6.63.65.03.03.75.60.62.10.3
Ghana6.410.91.33.35.77.02.15.48.5
Kenya6.06.26.67.48.36.53.37.47.0
Madagascar8.315.011.09.613.711.58.28.48.5
Malawi2.73.20.0-5.5-4.15.35.43.87.6
Mali13.317.213.113.215.711.99.912.612.7
Mozambique6.05.08.97.610.310.110.46.28.7
Niger3.86.43.58.710.511.411.211.113.9
Rwanda-0.80.48.28.66.06.34.96.87.5
Senegal11.113.813.413.110.78.57.88.810.3
Tanzania7.614.916.216.214.512.814.815.016.5
Uganda7.77.210.111.78.18.86.47.57.5
Zambia8.313.220.022.332.127.322.114.716.3
Fragile countries15.114.613.210.712.110.310.08.09.6
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe12.04.911.08.611.713.110.08.09.6
Burundi-4.4-8.7-11.0-18.3-22.2-22.2-16.0-4.2-2.7
Central African Republic4.81.70.31.72.40.80.3-1.3-0.6
Comoros-7.2-3.4-8.5-12.2-15.2-16.5-18.3-17.8-15.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. of15.510.08.82.48.514.96.8-5.41.7
Côte d’Ivoire21.221.020.017.219.614.617.919.218.0
Eritrea-22.5-34.6-33.8-28.4-17.8-17.7-13.7-8.2-6.0
Gambia, The13.510.7-3.6-9.5-4.0-7.3-4.4-6.2-3.8
Guinea14.621.518.418.313.95.86.95.07.0
Guinea-Bissau5.76.614.111.5-3.87.74.819.918.4
Liberia
São Tomé and Príncipe1
Sierra Leone-4.1-3.5-0.53.97.65.83.86.88.5
Togo-1.0-3.1-3.98.10.3-2.8-5.2-1.60.3
Zimbabwe9.0-21.1-3.7-6.69.123.1
Sub-Saharan Africa18.119.021.322.824.723.624.517.618.7
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe17.518.021.122.624.623.624.517.618.7
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa14.516.218.020.623.722.523.114.414.8
Oil-importing countries14.915.715.815.315.815.714.413.113.7
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa10.812.412.511.813.211.99.88.39.4
CFA franc zone20.521.523.927.627.726.127.320.822.5
WAEMU13.413.812.312.812.610.110.412.112.6
CEMAC29.731.136.742.341.941.142.431.033.4
EAC-56.38.710.210.69.38.27.19.49.7
SADC17.718.018.619.322.022.423.817.717.5
SACU19.119.119.018.419.019.619.618.318.8
COMESA10.210.513.616.923.322.523.012.010.8
Resource-intensive countries26.826.833.236.439.335.737.124.225.6
Oil28.728.035.839.641.638.139.625.727.0
Non-oil resource-intensive countries21.723.324.123.128.523.722.916.818.2
Non-resource intensive countries14.014.714.714.314.214.713.212.713.1
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries15.416.216.216.015.816.115.415.315.7
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries6.86.56.14.75.37.13.53.13.9
MDRI8.910.910.711.011.911.49.68.39.3
Fixed exchange rate regime20.922.124.026.527.726.026.619.421.5
Floating exchange rate regime17.418.220.721.924.123.124.017.218.1
Sources: IMF, African Department database, April 14, 2009; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, April 14, 2009.
Table SA8.Overall Fiscal Balance, Including Grants

Central government; percent of GDP

1997–200220032004200520062007200820092010
Oil-exporting countries-3.0-2.15.68.811.33.47.87.5-2.5
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria-4.3-0.21.88.117.910.111.66.1-2.1
Angola-13.0-6.4-0.57.314.811.612.4-10.8-7.2
Cameroon-0.81.2-0.53.633.14.51.40.0-1.5
Chad-5.1-6.3-3.0-0.42.43.16.4-6.31.6
Congo, Rep. of-7.10.43.614.616.510.325.9-1.919.0
Equatorial Guinea4.011.812.320.623.517.815.32.06.2
Gabon1.27.47.68.69.28.511.40.73.8
Nigeria-2.1-3.38.19.37.0-1.34.9-8.4-2.8
Middle-income countries-2.2-2.0-1.7-0.40.81.1-0.83.5-3.8
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa-1.6-2.7-2.01.04.33.5-2.46.0-5.8
Botswana1.5-1.00.96.910.56.3-3.1-11.1-8.1
Cape Verde-10.6-4.3-3.8-6.3-4.9-0.7-1.2-6.8-4.4
Lesotho-3.9-0.55.85.012.716.56.22.6-7.0
Mauritius-5.1-6.2-5.3-5.0-5.4-4.2-3.4-4.5-6.0
Namibia-3.1-5.9-3.7-1.02.14.1-3.3-2.9-2.6
Seychelles-10.3-0.8-0.91.7-6.1-9.62.5-6.3-1.9
South Africa-2.2-2.0-1.6-0.60.40.8-0.6-3.2-3.6
Swaziland-1.3-2.9-4.9-1.610.86.8-0.1-4.9-5.8
Low-income countries-3.4-3.1-2.7-2.83.8-3.3-3.53.9-3.7
Benin-0.2-1.9-1.0-2.5-0.51.6-1.8-2.6-2.9
Burkina Faso-3.7-2.9-4.3-5.116.7-5.7-4.5-5.1-4.6
Ethiopia-5.9-7.0-3.0-4.4-3.9-3.6-3.0-1.5-1.1
Ghana-10.0-3.8-4.6-3.7-7.0-8.5-13.5-6.8-8.2
Kenya-1.3-1.7-0.1-1.8-2.5-3.0-3.9-4.2-3.8
Madagascar-4.1-4.8-5.7-4.337.4-2.9-2.6-3.3-3.8
Malawi-6.2-4.7-4.8-1.31.3-2.7-5.8-2.3-3.8
Mali-3.4-1.3-2.6-3.131.3-3.2-2.2-4.7-3.9
Mozambique-3.5-3.7-4.4-2.8-4.1-3.0-4.0-7.1-6.2
Niger-3.7-2.8-3.6-2.040.3-1.01.5-4.6-3.1
Rwanda-2.0-2.1-0.20.6-0.4-1.51.2-1.4-2.6
Senegal-0.5-1.3-3.1-3.0-5.7-3.7-4.3-4.4-4.0
Tanzania-0.9-1.2-2.7-2.8-4.7-3.70.0-4.6-5.0
Uganda-3.3-4.1-1.4-0.50.1-1.1-2.1-3.9-3.9
Zambia-4.5-6.0-2.9-2.719.8-1.3-1.5-2.6-1.7
Fragile countries-2.9-3.2-2.8-2.3-1.50.6-0.70.30.5
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe-4.2-2.4-3.4-2.8-2.20.4-0.70.30.5
Burundi-4.2-6.2-4.9-5.1-1.41.00.262.60.5
Central African Republic-1.41.30.9-0.81.1-0.7-1.6-2.0-2.0
Comoros-3.1-3.4-1.70.1-2.6-2.0-2.5-1.2-2.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. of-4.6-4.7-4.9-3.5-1.1-1.0-0.1-4.1-9.2
Côte d’Ivoire-1.4-2.2-1.7-1.7-1.8-0.8-0.6-1.3-1.7
Eritrea-31.3-15.1-16.9-21.2-12.0-10.0-8.6-8.9-8.0
Gambia, The-5.0-4.7-5.7-8.6-7.10.2-2.4-2.6-3.2
Guinea-3.1-6.5-5.4-1.6-3.10.3-1.3-0.544.7
Guinea-Bissau-10.4-12.2-14.2-11.9-9.4-10.1-5.8-3.9-3.6
Liberia-0.6-2.62.00.82.13.81.2-13.8
São Tomé and Príncipe-16.2-10.5-15.837.1-13.7120.416.69.6-2.9
Sierra Leone-8.9-6.7-3.5-2.79.325.2-4.0-3.8-4.2
Togo-2.42.41.0-3.5-3.8-1.9-1.0-3.1-2.0
Zimbabwe1/-7.7-0.2-7.6-8.0-2.0-1.8
Sub-Saharan Africa-2.6-2.40.11.94.91.02.14.8-3.1
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe-2.8-2.30.01.84.81.02.1-4.8-3.1
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa-3.3-2.4-1.41.07.72.32.4-4.3-2.9
Oil-importing countries-2.6-2.5-2.1-1.21.5-0.3-1.73.4-3.4
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa-3.1-3.1-2.6-2.12.9-1.6-2.8-3.5-3.3
CFA franc zone-1.40.20.22.813.63.34.6-2.00.6
WAEMU-1.9-1.9-2.4-2.86.8-2.1-2.0-3.2-3.0
CEMAC-1.02.73.08.320.08.410.5-0.54.5
EAC-5-1.7-2.1-1.3-1.8-2.5-2.7-2.0-2.8-4.0
SADC-2.8-2.5-1.90.03.22.11.5-4.8-4.7
SACU-2.1-2.0-1.6-0.31.01.3-0.7-3.5-3.8
COMESA-4.7-4.6-2.30.26.82.73.1-5.1-4.7
Resource-intensive countries-2.5-2.53.97.110.43.36.36.8-2.1
Oil-3.0-2.15.68.811.33.47.8-7.5-2.5
Non-oil resource-intensive countries-1.9-3.5-1.90.36.22.5-1.7-3.40.3
Non-resource intensive countries-2.7-2.3-2.1-1.40.9-0.6-1.73.4-3.9
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries-2.5-2.1-1.9-1.2-0.2-0.4-1.7-3.7-4.0
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries-4.2-3.9-2.9-2.66.8-1.7-1.9-2.1-3.5
MDRI-3.5-2.7-2.8-2.08.9-2.0-2.8-3.4-3.5
Fixed exchange rate regime-1.5-0.4-0.12.812.23.73.5-2.7-0.4
Floating exchange rate regime-2.9-2.90.11.73.20.41.8-5.3-3.6
Sources: IMF, African Department database, April 14, 2009; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, April 14, 2009.
Table SA9.Overall Fiscal Balance, Excluding Grants

Central government; percent of GDP

1997–200220032004200520062007200820092010
Oil-exporting countries-3.4-2.55.48.69.13.37.77.6-2.7
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria-5.2-1.21.37.612.49.811.46.4-2.5
Angola-15.0-7.2-1.07.114.811.512.4-10.8-7.3
Cameroon-1.00.7-0.83.04.73.30.5-1.0-2.3
Chad-10.5-14.0-6.0-3.70.51.74.9-7.6-0.3
Congo, Rep. of-7.4-0.13.314.516.49.925.5-2.518.2
Equatorial Guinea3.711.812.320.623.517.815.32.06.2
Gabon1.27.47.58.69.28.511.30.63.8
Nigeria-2.1-3.38.19.37.0-1.34.9-8.4-2.8
Middle-income countries-2.3-2.1-1.8-0.50.71.0-0.93.7-4.0
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa-2.5-3.3-2.80.43.72.8-3.17.1-6.8
Botswana1.1-1.20.36.610.05.6-3.8-11.6-8.5
Cape Verde-19.3-9.8-12.8-12.7-10.4-5.5-6.2-12.3-8.7
Lesotho-7.0-3.23.12.811.715.24.0-1.6-12.9
Mauritius-5.2-6.4-5.7-5.3-5.6-4.4-3.5-6.0-7.3
Namibia-3.3-6.0-3.9-1.12.03.9-3.6-3.1-2.8
Seychelles-10.7-0.8-1.00.7-7.5-9.9-1.1-6.5-1.9
South Africa-2.2-2.0-1.6-0.60.40.8-0.6-3.2-3.6
Swaziland-2.2-3.9-5.6-2.79.96.5-0.5-5.3-6.2
Low-income countries-7.2-7.9-7.5-7.6-7.8-7.9-7.98.6-7.9
Benin-2.8-3.7-3.7-4.6-2.7-1.4-3.4-5.8-6.1
Burkina Faso-10.4-8.2-8.8-9.7-11.3-12.2-10.6-11.2-10.6
Ethiopia-9.0-13.6-7.6-8.7-7.4-8.1-7.2-5.4-4.3
Ghana-12.4-8.5-10.9-8.9-12.4-14.6-18.1-12.2-12.5
Kenya-2.2-3.6-1.3-3.0-3.6-4.1-5.1-5.4-5.1
Madagascar-7.8-9.9-13.9-10.1-10.5-7.2-7.1-6.0-8.0
Malawi-12.2-12.6-15.1-13.4-14.2-17.2-15.9-13.8-12.3
Mali-7.9-5.7-6.5-7.1-7.6-7.9-5.6-9.5-8.1
Mozambique-13.1-13.0-11.7-8.8-12.0-12.3-16.1-19.7-16.9
Niger-8.7-7.7-9.4-9.5-6.8-8.2-4.4-12.4-9.5
Rwanda-9.4-9.8-11.3-12.0-11.4-11.3-10.3-14.0-12.6
Senegal-2.5-3.3-5.2-4.6-7.2-6.2-6.6-6.8-6.3
Tanzania-4.1-6.4-7.7-9.2-9.7-8.3-6.4-9.7-10.6
Uganda-9.1-10.3-9.2-8.0-5.3-5.6-4.8-8.1-6.9
Zambia-11.1-13.0-8.4-8.3-6.2-5.9-5.4-7.6-6.1
Fragile countries-4.3-5.0-4.9-5.2-5.9-3.2-4.06.4-7.6
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe-5.3-3.7-5.2-5.3-6.1-2.6-4.06.4-7.6
Burundi-6.9-13.8-19.7-16.8-19.3-19.8-25.7-23.2-22.3
Central African Republic-7.2-0.2-2.5-4.9-12.2-4.8-6.2-6.4-6.3
Comoros-9.0-5.7-4.5-4.2-7.6-9.7-12.9-8.5-8.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. of-4.7-6.7-6.8-8.7-9.1-4.4-4.0-12.4-16.5
Côte d’Ivoire-2.0-2.8-2.6-2.8-2.4-1.3-2.3-2.0-2.6
Eritrea-42.4-34.0-31.9-30.6-16.1-12.5-10.6-10.7-9.6
Gambia, The-7.2-7.2-10.2-10.3-8.3-1.0-4.5-5.7-7.0
Guinea-5.7-9.4-6.5-2.3-4.6-0.5-1.8-1.2-1.6
Guinea-Bissau-20.1-22.0-30.5-24.6-21.0-25.0-20.8-40.6-36.5
Liberia-1.2-3.31.80.81.93.60.5-16.5
São Tomé and Príncipe-36.8-30.1-35.020.0-29.60.2-14.4-44.3-24.2
Sierra Leone-13.9-14.4-12.4-12.8-11.0-6.8-8.9-10.3-9.2
Togo-3.31.90.2-4.6-5.2-3.6-2.5-5.3-6.3
Zimbabwe1/-8.4-0.4-7.6-8.0-2.0-1.8
Sub-Saharan Africa-3.7-3.7-1.10.71.7-0.20.96.4-4.6
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe-3.9-3.6-1.10.71.6-0.20.9-6.4-4.6
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa-5.8-5.4-4.2-1.80.2-0.40.0-7.6-6.0
Oil-importing countries-4.0-4.1-3.6-2.8-2.3-2.1-3.65.8-5.8
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa-6.0-6.7-6.2-5.8-5.7-5.5-6.6-8.1-7.7
CFA franc zone-3.2-1.6-1.41.12.31.52.9-4.1-1.5
WAEMU-4.3-4.2-4.9-5.4-5.6-5.1-4.9-6.6-6.3
CEMAC-1.81.72.47.69.77.79.8-1.33.8
EAC-5-4.7-6.2-5.8-6.7-6.4-6.2-6.1-8.2-7.8
SADC-3.6-3.4-2.7-0.91.11.30.5-6.0-5.8
SACU-2.2-2.1-1.6-0.31.01.2-0.8-3.5-3.8
COMESA-7.4-8.0-5.4-2.80.80.41.0-8.3-7.0
Resource-intensive countries-3.3-3.13.46.67.52.76.07.2-3.0
Oil-3.4-2.55.48.69.13.37.7-7.6-2.7
Non-oil resource-intensive countries-3.5-5.1-3.5-1.5-0.3-0.1-3.6-5.3-4.7
Non-resource intensive countries-4.1-3.9-3.6-3.0-2.5-2.3-3.65.9-6.0
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries-3.3-3.1-2.8-2.1-1.7-1.4-2.8-5.1-5.3
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries-8.2-9.0-8.1-8.4-7.3-7.1-6.7-8.8-8.4
MDRI-7.3-7.4-7.5-6.8-6.9-7.1-7.3-8.3-7.8
Fixed exchange rate regime-3.1-2.0-1.61.33.02.01.9-4.7-2.3
Floating exchange rate regime-3.9-4.1-1.00.61.4-0.60.7-6.8-5.2
Sources: IMF, African Department database, April 14, 2009; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, April 14, 2009.
Table SA10.Government Revenue, Excluding Grants

Percent of GDP

1997–200220032004200520062007200820092010
Oil-exporting countries23.321.524.127.427.625.027.818.921.4
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria26.626.326.831.337.237.640.129.331.1
Angola42.437.237.540.446.446.747.635.035.4
Cameroon14.616.115.217.619.318.820.417.716.5
Chad7.87.88.59.416.922.827.413.217.0
Congo, Rep. of26.929.730.038.644.342.751.329.642.5
Equatorial Guinea22.627.529.834.740.838.336.829.331.4
Gabon32.530.130.131.331.729.531.825.725.0
Nigeria20.918.422.324.821.216.018.611.413.9
Middle-income countries24.524.224.826.227.227.627.026.626.5
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa34.733.830.232.033.733.130.031.129.2
Botswana39.239.136.640.139.236.731.136.134.2
Cape Verde20.921.523.023.523.624.925.325.827.7
Lesotho46.744.247.850.457.663.558.459.647.0
Mauritius19.420.019.919.819.919.120.921.620.1
Namibia30.526.525.627.329.431.829.629.628.8
Seychelles35.139.341.641.142.035.935.636.734.8
South Africa23.523.224.125.526.426.926.626.026.1
Swaziland26.127.432.133.243.540.638.935.830.8
Low-income countries14.415.316.016.116.517.117.116.416.6
Benin15.217.016.416.616.820.619.519.419.3
Burkina Faso12.112.013.012.813.013.611.413.513.2
Ethiopia15.116.216.114.614.812.812.512.512.5
Ghana15.420.222.421.821.922.722.822.422.3
Kenya20.219.721.421.221.122.222.021.521.1
Madagascar10.210.312.010.911.211.713.511.411.9
Malawi16.316.016.819.217.518.720.021.021.3
Mali13.916.417.317.517.316.615.516.716.1
Mozambique11.113.213.114.115.016.016.316.016.6
Niger9.710.211.410.613.015.218.412.212.3
Rwanda11.112.812.813.513.113.615.613.113.7
Senegal16.518.118.319.219.721.119.419.119.2
Tanzania10.010.110.411.111.813.114.614.715.4
Uganda11.211.510.912.212.512.613.012.412.3
Zambia18.818.018.217.416.918.719.017.717.9
Fragile countries13.513.814.615.216.116.817.717.317.6
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe16.216.817.118.620.734.617.717.317.6
Burundi17.721.120.120.018.918.619.119.419.5
Central African Republic9.48.18.38.29.510.310.511.612.2
Comoros12.915.815.615.713.612.713.113.013.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. of5.87.79.511.312.914.818.516.516.4
Côte d’Ivoire17.716.817.517.018.419.218.918.919.4
Eritrea28.231.023.225.923.022.823.223.125.6
Gambia, The17.915.720.919.721.221.418.421.921.4
Guinea11.311.011.514.514.414.315.515.315.7
Guinea-Bissau14.114.416.317.619.014.616.814.114.8
Liberia13.69.315.915.016.723.628.633.0
São Tomé and Príncipe16.715.616.964.020.940.116.618.630.2
Sierra Leone9.412.412.311.911.810.811.412.213.2
Togo13.717.016.815.716.917.017.116.917.6
Zimbabwe1/24.024.933.723.614.36.0
Sub-Saharan Africa21.120.822.324.124.724.024.720.821.6
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe21.120.922.424.224.925.124.720.821.6
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa18.619.520.522.425.025.526.621.622.4
Oil-importing countries20.220.621.622.623.223.522.721.921.8
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa16.517.418.218.619.119.418.918.318.2
CFA franc zone17.418.018.520.523.123.324.819.621.0
WAEMU15.616.016.516.417.318.317.617.517.5
CEMAC19.920.620.724.628.628.031.322.124.9
EAC-514.714.715.315.816.317.217.616.917.3
SADC23.223.224.125.927.728.629.126.126.4
SACU24.424.224.826.427.327.827.126.826.6
COMESA20.220.822.224.127.328.229.622.923.5
Resource-intensive countries23.321.823.826.726.924.826.919.521.5
Oil23.321.524.127.427.625.027.818.921.4
Non-oil resource-intensive countries22.722.722.723.823.924.122.322.322.2
Non-resource intensive countries19.920.321.422.423.123.522.821.821.7
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries21.221.422.523.624.324.824.323.623.6
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries13.314.315.215.516.416.216.115.114.8
MDRI13.314.615.015.516.016.416.615.715.7
Fixed exchange rate regime21.021.321.623.525.925.826.122.022.8
Floating exchange rate regime21.120.722.424.224.523.724.420.521.4
Sources: IMF, African Department database, April 14, 2009; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, April 14, 2009.
Table SA11.Government Expenditure

Central government; percent of GDP

1997–200220032004200520062007200820092010
Oil-exporting countries26.724.018.718.818.521.720.126.524.1
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria31.827.525.523.724.827.828.735.833.6
Angola57.444.338.533.331.635.235.245.942.7
Cameroon15.615.416.014.614.515.519.918.718.9
Chad18.321.914.413.116.521.122.520.817.3
Congo, Rep. of34.329.826.724.227.932.825.832.024.2
Equatorial Guinea18.915.717.514.117.320.521.527.225.2
Gabon31.322.822.622.822.521.020.525.121.2
Nigeria23.021.714.215.614.317.313.719.816.7
Middle-income countries26.726.326.626.726.526.627.830.330.4
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa37.237.233.031.630.030.233.138.236.0
Botswana38.140.336.333.529.231.134.947.742.7
Cape Verde40.131.335.836.234.030.431.538.036.4
Lesotho53.747.444.747.645.948.354.461.259.9
Mauritius24.626.425.625.125.523.624.527.627.4
Namibia33.832.629.428.427.427.933.232.631.6
Seychelles45.840.142.640.449.545.936.743.236.6
South Africa25.725.225.726.126.026.127.129.229.7
Swaziland28.331.337.735.933.534.139.441.137.0
Low-income countries21.623.223.623.724.425.125.025.024.5
Benin18.020.620.121.119.522.022.925.225.4
Burkina Faso22.520.221.722.424.325.822.024.723.8
Ethiopia24.129.723.723.322.320.819.618.016.7
Ghana27.828.833.330.734.437.240.934.634.7
Kenya22.323.422.724.224.826.327.226.926.2
Madagascar18.020.226.021.021.718.820.517.519.9
Malawi28.528.631.932.631.636.035.834.833.7
Mali21.822.123.824.624.924.521.226.224.2
Mozambique24.126.324.822.927.028.232.435.733.5
Niger18.517.920.820.219.823.422.924.621.8
Rwanda20.622.624.125.624.524.925.927.126.3
Senegal19.021.323.523.826.927.325.926.025.5
Tanzania14.116.418.120.321.621.421.024.426.1
Uganda20.321.820.120.217.818.217.820.619.1
Zambia29.930.926.625.723.124.524.425.324.0
Fragile countries17.818.819.520.422.020.021.623.625.3
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe21.520.622.323.926.837.121.623.625.3
Burundi24.634.939.836.838.238.544.742.641.8
Central African Republic16.68.310.813.121.715.116.718.018.5
Comoros21.921.520.119.921.222.326.021.521.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. of10.514.416.320.022.019.222.528.932.9
Côte d’Ivoire19.719.620.119.920.820.521.120.922.0
Eritrea70.664.955.156.539.135.333.833.835.2
Gambia, The25.122.931.130.029.522.422.927.728.4
Guinea17.020.417.916.919.014.817.416.517.3
Guinea-Bissau34.236.446.842.140.039.537.654.751.3
Liberia14.912.714.114.214.820.028.249.5
São Tomé and Príncipe53.545.751.944.050.539.931.062.954.4
Sierra Leone23.426.724.824.622.717.620.222.522.4
Togo17.015.216.620.422.120.619.722.223.9
Zimbabwe1/32.425.341.331.616.37.8
Sub-Saharan Africa24.824.523.423.423.124.223.827.226.3
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe25.024.523.523.623.325.323.827.226.3
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa24.424.924.724.224.825.926.729.128.4
Oil-importing countries24.224.725.225.425.525.626.327.727.6
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa22.524.124.424.424.824.925.526.325.9
CFA franc zone20.619.620.019.420.821.921.923.722.5
WAEMU19.920.221.421.822.823.422.524.023.8
CEMAC21.718.918.417.018.920.421.423.421.1
EAC-519.321.021.022.522.723.423.625.125.1
SADC26.726.626.726.726.627.328.632.232.2
SACU26.626.326.526.726.426.627.930.330.5
COMESA27.628.827.626.926.527.828.631.230.6
Resource-intensive countries26.624.920.420.119.522.121.026.724.5
Oil26.724.018.718.818.521.720.126.524.1
Non-oil resource-intensive countries26.327.826.225.324.224.225.927.626.9
Non-resource intensive countries24.024.325.025.425.725.826.327.727.7
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries24.524.525.325.726.026.227.128.728.9
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries21.523.323.323.923.723.322.824.023.2
MDRI20.622.022.522.322.923.523.924.123.5
Fixed exchange rate regime24.023.223.222.222.923.824.226.725.1
Floating exchange rate regime25.024.823.423.623.124.323.727.426.5
Sources: IMF, African Department database, April 14, 2009; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, April 14, 2009.
Table SA12.Broad Money

Percent of GDP

1997–200220032004200520062007200820092010
Oil-exporting countries18.620.117.716.619.624.431.840.439.1
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria15.116.015.114.816.719.425.336.035.0
Angola19.417.316.416.219.022.633.649.346.8
Cameroon14.117.718.117.918.320.522.122.722.5
Chad12.011.58.18.09.111.813.416.916.2
Congo, Rep. of14.314.013.414.016.419.519.227.022.6
Equatorial Guinea6.49.07.56.46.37.57.58.28.6
Gabon14.015.516.117.118.918.917.523.621.8
Nigeria21.022.719.417.821.527.836.543.542.3
Middle-income countries56.561.463.669.076.081.981.785.086.6
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa33.435.548.849.865.069.472.685.585.0
Botswana25.529.128.128.037.442.642.857.653.1
Cape Verde65.771.676.781.180.980.679.179.179.5
Lesotho33.930.628.529.634.234.734.734.734.7
Mauritius77.692.498.4103.4161.0177.2169.3177.6186.4
Namibia36.836.537.137.641.740.442.041.542.5
Seychelles75.492.3104.1100.694.475.965.864.865.8
South Africa58.864.165.571.377.383.483.084.986.8
Swaziland21.421.622.221.624.025.927.429.731.6
Low-income countries24.829.028.628.129.731.030.930.130.7
Benin28.029.426.529.832.535.640.940.940.9
Burkina Faso21.926.823.521.021.925.125.325.325.3
Ethiopia35.544.339.038.036.133.329.222.722.1
Ghana25.932.033.431.336.240.945.649.549.5
Kenya38.339.540.139.340.341.242.642.142.6
Madagascar19.821.421.318.019.220.420.020.621.4
Malawi15.518.119.820.217.820.923.322.022.0
Mali22.130.629.129.629.129.726.126.726.7
Mozambique22.629.126.628.629.732.434.436.737.4
Niger8.912.615.214.015.217.516.719.220.6
Rwanda17.617.516.516.418.420.119.119.019.7
Senegal23.432.134.133.835.836.533.732.232.7
Tanzania16.220.721.222.226.026.726.627.929.9
Uganda14.619.116.917.518.018.120.520.020.6
Zambia20.521.822.418.021.623.424.324.724.7
Fragile countries18.018.620.420.722.024.825.125.225.0
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe23.429.423.428.435.0190.125.125.225.0
Burundi19.827.027.729.931.731.128.726.828.5
Central African Republic16.914.616.418.016.014.612.512.712.9
Comoros20.522.420.720.020.219.317.416.916.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. of6.06.28.78.410.412.513.311.411.2
Côte d’Ivoire23.722.123.724.125.329.929.030.029.5
Eritrea127.0146.2129.0129.3123.9123.8118.9115.7111.3
Gambia, The34.045.845.146.654.451.154.554.554.9
Guinea10.715.818.219.021.519.622.524.424.4
Guinea-Bissau36.420.828.832.933.337.940.642.743.2
Liberia4.47.710.212.014.016.320.320.421.4
São Tomé and Príncipe19.030.128.036.038.941.943.439.437.0
Sierra Leone16.520.519.621.521.322.724.524.624.6
Togo24.727.631.128.933.938.841.844.446.9
Zimbabwe1/36.624.334.932.838.123.9
Sub-Saharan Africa37.340.441.542.444.948.448.252.151.5
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe37.340.841.542.745.559.148.252.151.5
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa22.424.826.425.728.430.231.835.835.6
Oil-importing countries42.747.850.653.958.261.759.258.558.9
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa24.227.730.530.333.935.635.535.735.9
CFA franc zone18.821.120.720.121.123.222.725.525.0
WAEMU22.825.826.326.327.730.730.030.530.6
CEMAC13.615.314.514.014.816.216.219.818.8
EAC-525.228.327.928.230.531.331.831.333.0
SADC48.252.555.058.162.266.064.569.068.6
SACU56.361.262.568.074.079.879.381.983.4
COMESA25.827.331.229.331.933.136.440.540.2
Resource-intensive countries20.121.319.618.421.325.631.839.338.2
Oil18.620.117.716.619.624.431.840.439.1
Non-oil resource-intensive countries23.525.026.125.829.432.031.934.233.4
Non-resource intensive countries45.350.853.757.361.965.462.961.662.3
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries50.255.658.763.068.873.371.872.673.6
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries20.124.223.223.123.524.123.321.421.4
MDRI20.725.425.024.726.227.727.927.527.7
Fixed exchange rate regime21.824.123.823.225.126.926.129.428.7
Floating exchange rate regime41.244.745.946.949.353.253.357.156.5
Sources: IMF, African Department database, April 14, 2009; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, April 14, 2009.
Table SA13.Broad Money Growth

Percent

1997–200220032004200520062007200820092010
Oil-exporting countries36.722.917.923.546.440.258.713.013.0
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria51.321.123.935.536.534.859.75.612.7
Angola252.167.549.859.759.649.5104.113.916.0
Cameroon16.2-0.97.34.29.318.613.40.44.2
Chad7.5-3.13.332.020.033.426.27.37.1
Congo, Rep. of10.9-2.415.936.347.97.428.913.611.7
Equatorial Guinea36.456.733.534.714.141.338.2-31.317.9
Gabon7.7-0.311.827.621.011.08.93.84.7
Nigeria28.024.114.016.053.444.258.018.613.2
Middle-income countries14.012.913.319.325.123.314.09.211.5
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa15.913.314.410.547.820.716.611.011.4
Botswana21.817.613.910.667.431.221.114.19.1
Cape Verde10.88.610.615.818.010.87.95.35.6
Lesotho8.76.03.49.135.316.413.37.711.2
Mauritius12.224.318.313.668.523.89.711.213.5
Namibia13.09.616.29.729.610.217.95.810.8
Seychelles15.46.014.01.73.0-8.012.419.922.4
South Africa13.812.913.120.522.523.613.69.011.5
Swaziland10.914.110.45.925.121.421.717.916.7
Low-income countries15.224.112.812.122.420.820.116.714.2
Benin13.36.6-6.721.816.517.729.37.16.2
Burkina Faso5.254.0-7.2-3.810.222.912.06.66.3
Ethiopia8.914.710.919.617.419.722.718.418.5
Ghana37.738.125.914.338.836.339.837.510.5
Kenya6.111.513.49.117.114.620.414.515.0
Madagascar15.46.419.44.624.924.212.112.714.7
Malawi35.832.231.916.216.536.933.111.315.0
Mali12.425.5-2.411.78.89.30.49.56.6
Mozambique28.118.75.927.123.425.219.919.113.1
Niger6.542.220.36.616.223.012.722.515.4
Rwanda14.215.212.116.731.330.824.216.414.9
Senegal10.331.512.97.412.712.71.70.67.3
Tanzania14.339.418.519.631.320.118.122.020.0
Uganda18.923.39.08.716.417.431.820.516.6
Zambia32.023.430.20.445.126.321.814.013.8
Fragile countries33.2-1.023.015.322.824.817.29.911.5
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe47.554.539.341.671.6393.317.29.911.5
Burundi15.823.316.727.116.410.120.012.816.2
Central African Republic-2.7-8.014.216.5-4.2-3.7-6.38.07.5
Comoros11.4-1.1-6.33.14.31.1-4.23.16.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. of225.557.359.926.448.549.635.69.228.4
Côte d’Ivoire10.2-26.69.57.410.323.67.48.33.4
Eritrea25.915.111.710.75.78.67.78.810.7
Gambia, The22.543.418.313.126.26.718.410.710.9
Guinea14.935.337.037.259.44.738.318.314.4
Guinea-Bissau34.7-65.344.020.65.325.520.78.56.6
Liberia20.68.349.335.734.440.141.42.114.8
São Tomé and Príncipe34.543.97.445.939.336.435.513.09.1
Sierra Leone28.826.218.932.818.925.926.414.311.0
Togo3.311.418.31.422.118.215.910.010.0
Zimbabwe67.7413.5222.6520.01416.664113.0
Sub-Saharan Africa20.416.815.018.931.428.631.812.412.7
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe22.521.216.120.434.040.931.812.412.7
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa24.918.017.318.829.425.832.512.013.2
Oil-importing countries16.114.713.917.024.122.616.412.112.5
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa18.917.015.112.426.221.519.114.813.4
CFA franc zone10.93.89.014.215.219.815.02.57.3
WAEMU9.34.36.27.512.018.68.77.76.4
CEMAC12.83.112.121.118.220.820.9-3.28.3
EAC-511.722.614.112.921.617.522.218.116.7
SADC23.018.216.922.129.927.327.811.113.4
SACU14.013.013.219.524.423.414.29.211.4
COMESA41.026.624.923.036.730.348.514.516.4
Resource-intensive countries30.216.617.620.744.237.051.612.612.3
Oil36.722.917.923.546.440.258.713.013.0
Non-oil resource-intensive countries15.6-0.716.59.834.222.217.011.18.8
Non-resource intensive countries16.117.013.617.922.922.716.312.213.0
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries14.115.013.518.723.422.715.211.412.2
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries27.928.414.213.220.222.921.215.316.3
MDRI17.322.211.911.621.421.719.315.112.9
Fixed exchange rate regime11.85.69.813.220.219.715.53.87.8
Floating exchange rate regime22.720.016.320.334.130.735.914.413.8
Sources: IMF, African Department database, April 14, 2009; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, April 14, 2009.
Table SA14.Claims on Nonfinancial Private Sector

Percent of broad money

1997–200220032004200520062007200820092010
Oil-exporting countries56.755.457.560.855.267.063.259.659.9
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria51.548.644.341.643.646.442.947.649.0
Angola21.132.235.234.742.050.040.743.645.5
Cameroon60.361.056.959.755.751.153.657.660.5
Chad50.253.849.343.945.730.335.535.535.5
Congo, Rep. of53.528.225.418.914.114.120.620.921.3
Equatorial Guinea62.533.230.333.640.640.845.772.078.7
Gabon80.975.561.353.653.756.855.356.156.1
Nigeria63.559.766.173.862.881.678.368.368.3
Middle-income countries105.0101.3102.1101.3102.1100.599.999.599.7
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa67.578.284.383.168.167.365.765.364.2
Botswana57.266.572.370.150.347.849.647.244.9
Cape Verde48.851.450.748.153.060.168.267.967.8
Lesotho57.222.123.831.226.330.730.730.730.7
Mauritius70.588.380.274.952.347.556.755.258.5
Namibia102.4123.6128.2123.3110.3111.2102.299.895.9
Seychelles19.323.827.230.828.742.341.647.256.4
South Africa108.7103.8104.4103.5106.3104.6104.5104.1104.6
Swaziland59.275.789.3102.098.999.186.591.988.9
Low-income countries52.045.548.653.654.757.562.865.267.4
Benin33.049.255.054.550.854.153.658.461.9
Burkina Faso53.550.761.279.282.067.266.269.770.6
Ethiopia49.534.334.545.750.655.166.868.067.9
Ghana52.848.949.258.859.672.067.765.365.2
Kenya71.058.964.665.463.669.171.272.478.6
Madagascar46.941.247.255.952.849.957.659.759.4
Malawi35.229.230.637.250.148.653.169.273.7
Mali68.361.467.256.361.760.757.957.549.8
Mozambique66.844.439.548.851.246.056.053.754.0
Niger53.542.843.348.755.254.065.560.761.1
Rwanda56.360.559.560.656.752.473.575.578.5
Senegal71.461.359.368.763.562.271.778.581.2
Tanzania25.129.135.837.438.243.349.456.660.7
Uganda42.236.139.641.245.748.156.560.064.9
Zambia50.033.738.445.246.253.861.964.264.7
Fragile countries50.647.846.345.544.144.048.847.550.7
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe58.757.848.643.842.848.548.847.550.7
Burundi95.794.585.060.965.465.674.184.1103.1
Central African Republic37.051.250.042.145.949.958.159.063.1
Comoros42.436.135.033.529.430.536.937.538.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. of14.616.320.224.926.730.746.844.252.9
Côte d’Ivoire67.361.860.657.256.253.655.953.554.2
Eritrea31.622.223.524.423.523.423.623.924.6
Gambia, The38.043.030.932.232.234.232.733.434.1
Guinea48.440.932.234.629.728.625.023.422.6
Guinea-Bissau19.08.85.26.411.515.115.016.217.5
Liberia58.563.656.747.147.945.944.439.638.7
São Tomé and Príncipe20.127.656.972.075.773.765.478.0
Sierra Leone15.920.324.521.721.724.130.230.732.9
Togo63.062.254.960.649.954.845.147.249.3
Zimbabwe1/84.119.020.09.512.415.1
Sub-Saharan Africa78.073.376.076.773.977.174.873.874.0
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe78.173.675.976.373.677.074.873.874.0
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa53.049.851.852.451.353.154.257.859.3
Oil-importing countries83.379.883.183.783.782.782.681.682.5
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa53.550.254.457.054.956.560.762.264.3
CFA franc zone62.157.054.353.452.350.152.557.258.0
WAEMU62.257.558.960.860.157.760.261.261.6
CEMAC62.156.449.246.245.043.045.652.654.0
EAC-550.945.650.351.452.556.762.065.571.2
SADC90.387.089.588.087.486.482.583.482.8
SACU105.7101.9103.1102.4103.7102.0101.5101.4101.4
COMESA49.846.352.152.652.256.356.059.661.5
Resource-intensive countries59.257.759.861.955.865.562.659.359.4
Oil56.755.457.560.855.267.063.259.659.9
Non-oil resource-intensive countries63.964.767.766.458.858.459.057.657.2
Non-resource intensive countries86.081.885.085.886.985.885.884.785.8
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries93.589.191.792.093.192.091.390.591.5
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries45.141.144.549.452.653.061.163.565.2
MDRI49.245.347.152.253.054.360.062.964.3
Fixed exchange rate regime63.161.360.859.856.254.355.059.159.2
Floating exchange rate regime81.776.479.880.777.882.379.477.177.2
Sources: IMF, African Department database, April 14, 2009; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, April 14, 2009.
Table SA15.Exports of Goods and Services

Percent of GDP

1997–200220032004200520062007200820092010
Oil-exporting countries46.047.049.553.451.451.552.235.737.5
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria51.952.957.165.165.167.070.246.347.9
Angola75.069.669.779.373.875.478.645.345.8
Cameroon24.724.022.724.528.132.735.022.923.0
Chad16.824.651.455.556.454.854.739.042.5
Congo, Rep. of77.180.980.584.284.287.683.978.486.2
Equatorial Guinea98.596.890.187.486.881.978.374.171.3
Gabon58.255.162.264.762.262.566.951.454.7
Nigeria42.243.244.445.542.440.538.828.029.5
Middle-income countries29.729.929.330.032.033.737.136.537.4
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa49.347.549.450.951.352.149.944.946.3
Botswana49.745.444.251.447.047.643.538.542.8
Cape Verde26.931.632.236.541.642.739.034.133.6
Lesotho36.952.360.051.150.052.751.643.939.9
Mauritius56.658.455.557.260.560.856.049.949.7
Namibia42.833.734.734.139.940.343.737.439.3
Seychelles60.072.874.781.488.695.7121.6113.9106.6
South Africa27.828.126.727.429.731.535.435.436.2
Swaziland75.486.890.176.072.976.964.763.763.1
Low-income countries20.121.223.623.424.924.924.220.920.8
Benin14.913.714.312.911.416.215.313.613.7
Burkina Faso10.18.410.99.911.510.69.39.812.8
Ethiopia12.614.214.915.113.912.811.99.69.8
Ghana39.140.739.336.140.240.145.244.448.3
Kenya22.323.726.928.425.926.127.224.621.9
Madagascar23.923.132.626.829.930.026.126.525.5
Malawi25.519.720.620.419.122.222.520.020.8
Mali25.626.024.324.530.026.524.224.725.0
Mozambique18.229.032.132.939.937.631.620.323.3
Niger17.915.718.316.816.417.618.517.119.7
Rwanda7.57.913.813.713.113.013.210.010.1
Senegal28.226.627.127.025.625.524.921.322.0
Tanzania13.014.718.019.721.721.220.121.919.9
Uganda11.511.412.513.115.516.921.720.020.4
Zambia28.728.637.734.537.541.936.723.321.7
Fragile countries31.435.237.540.541.644.843.032.933.1
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe29.030.538.140.740.938.743.032.933.1
Burundi7.78.49.611.510.18.610.17.08.0
Central African Republic19.613.513.812.814.214.110.89.19.6
Comoros15.217.515.114.314.214.812.913.013.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. of22.026.130.233.437.865.661.331.933.3
Côte d’Ivoire42.245.848.651.152.747.846.541.739.9
Eritrea13.46.45.86.26.96.87.37.713.4
Gambia, The45.245.249.444.343.635.527.729.529.0
Guinea22.925.123.533.839.330.132.428.932.1
Guinea-Bissau23.827.832.131.318.728.029.829.426.3
Liberia36.036.870.062.081.575.492.476.376.4
São Tomé and Príncipe17.917.714.113.913.79.312.39.710.0
Sierra Leone15.723.223.024.124.920.917.015.917.6
Togo28.534.737.236.924.726.323.521.526.7
Zimbabwe29.117.642.542.036.317.1
Sub-Saharan Africa31.232.934.336.537.938.940.832.133.1
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe30.832.634.336.637.938.640.832.133.1
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa31.333.737.741.242.744.045.231.932.9
Oil-importing countries26.927.828.529.030.731.933.230.230.4
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa26.027.630.831.132.132.531.025.725.7
CFA franc zone35.136.039.843.044.444.145.135.437.3
WAEMU30.029.931.331.631.930.128.826.026.3
CEMAC41.743.749.254.356.257.359.646.249.5
EAC-516.117.420.221.521.721.922.921.520.1
SADC30.131.131.734.036.839.843.935.836.6
SACU29.529.728.529.131.232.936.335.836.8
COMESA30.233.038.642.843.847.149.030.330.8
Resource-intensive countries44.145.147.651.650.250.150.635.537.1
Oil46.047.049.553.451.451.552.235.737.5
Non-oil resource-intensive countries39.039.341.143.944.743.441.534.634.5
Non-resource intensive countries25.226.326.927.228.930.532.129.629.9
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries26.527.427.628.130.131.433.932.933.1
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries18.620.322.421.622.725.924.117.718.4
MDRI20.321.322.922.825.225.725.020.520.8
Fixed exchange rate regime37.938.341.444.245.245.145.536.538.5
Floating exchange rate regime29.531.532.534.736.237.539.731.231.9
Sources: IMF, African Department database, April 14, 2009; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, April 14, 2009.
Table SA16.Imports of Goods and Services

(Percent of GDP)

1997–200220032004200520062007200820092010
Oil-exporting countries40.743.435.434.631.235.434.136.034.5
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria46.347.843.341.736.942.440.939.641.7
Angola72.263.153.749.436.144.442.237.942.8
Cameroon23.223.424.526.427.531.533.629.228.5
Chad47.761.160.348.651.552.249.351.147.7
Congo, Rep. of57.176.150.854.565.684.966.876.068.9
Equatorial Guinea105.376.455.043.633.130.332.141.638.2
Gabon37.231.032.027.729.831.331.934.133.9
Nigeria36.840.630.229.727.530.529.133.529.0
Middle-income countries27.928.029.830.834.936.841.141.342.3
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa55.748.751.051.850.955.560.761.861.9
Botswana40.934.436.534.630.736.342.050.653.0
Cape Verde61.767.870.164.367.071.166.960.358.2
Lesotho108.9107.9107.8102.596.4102.5112.8112.6107.8
Mauritius62.357.455.061.667.471.769.865.865.9
Namibia50.840.238.237.237.541.352.949.349.9
Seychelles70.269.178.9100.1102.5114.9149.8129.8120.9
South Africa25.125.827.128.232.934.638.538.639.6
Swaziland88.684.791.791.085.787.285.281.078.2
Low-income countries30.531.734.536.137.238.840.435.735.0
Benin27.026.526.622.322.731.628.827.626.8
Burkina Faso24.521.524.725.525.524.825.425.027.1
Ethiopia23.629.231.535.536.632.332.326.625.8
Ghana56.052.760.361.764.966.977.768.175.1
Kenya28.028.232.935.935.136.240.134.531.7
Madagascar30.732.147.541.041.146.853.044.542.3
Malawi37.535.137.645.942.840.941.435.734.8
Mali33.633.232.633.435.135.634.731.532.0
Mozambique34.645.240.742.345.744.342.136.634.8
Niger26.725.629.431.129.529.833.742.151.0
Rwanda25.426.126.026.727.527.731.126.926.1
Senegal36.238.739.842.443.147.947.441.140.1
Tanzania22.120.823.427.032.634.134.534.632.5
Uganda22.625.422.123.926.827.931.832.432.5
Zambia40.441.542.636.229.639.638.231.628.7
Fragile countries29.933.036.942.041.447.047.539.942.0
Fragile countries, including Zimbabwe28.129.738.843.341.340.547.539.942.0
Burundi18.327.733.940.648.648.345.931.831.6
Central African Republic24.518.020.320.921.923.422.120.021.3
Comoros34.331.233.035.838.641.644.643.142.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. of21.228.434.344.942.669.076.461.563.3
Côte d’Ivoire33.234.939.443.642.441.938.833.835.4
Eritrea66.867.659.854.938.436.031.826.730.5
Gambia, The51.754.070.467.160.851.746.751.649.9
Guinea26.425.225.835.142.638.542.630.935.1
Guinea-Bissau40.644.143.445.246.744.649.851.347.1
Liberia35.846.4218.7219.9280.5237.9233.9237.9241.1
São Tomé and Príncipe50.554.451.852.970.466.673.985.476.2
Sierra Leone28.440.834.237.232.628.327.823.424.8
Togo42.949.753.140.737.240.041.037.642.6
Zimbabwe29.420.751.252.940.917.6
Sub-Saharan Africa31.533.232.733.634.437.338.538.037.6
Sub-Saharan Africa, including Zimbabwe31.132.932.933.734.437.038.538.037.6
Sub-Saharan Africa, excluding Nigeria and South Africa35.937.439.340.339.142.643.139.540.0
Oil-importing countries28.829.531.733.136.138.341.539.039.4
Oil-importing countries, excluding South Africa33.234.237.839.840.142.744.439.439.2
CFA franc zone33.936.036.436.536.939.238.137.237.5
WAEMU32.533.135.737.036.638.337.134.135.5
CEMAC35.839.537.236.037.340.039.040.939.7
EAC-524.725.127.330.332.633.736.333.531.7
SADC29.830.431.933.135.238.842.040.541.6
SACU27.527.628.929.733.835.739.940.141.2
COMESA36.738.941.442.638.343.544.338.439.1
Resource-intensive countries39.541.535.935.432.136.135.136.335.1
Oil40.743.435.434.631.235.434.136.034.5
Non-oil resource-intensive countries36.835.637.638.636.239.641.137.638.2
Non-resource intensive countries27.828.730.932.536.038.141.539.239.5
Coastal non-resource-intensive countries27.428.130.431.735.837.841.640.240.5
Landlocked non-resource-intensive countries29.632.234.437.437.640.041.035.536.0
MDRI29.931.133.234.736.138.239.535.134.8
Fixed exchange rate regime38.438.639.339.038.941.541.440.941.1
Floating exchange rate regime29.731.831.132.333.436.337.837.336.8
Sources: IMF, African Department database, April 14, 2009; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, April 14, 2009.
Table SA17.Trade Balance

(Percent of GDP)

1997–200220032004200520062007200820092010
Oil-exporting countries17.914.824.829.328.126.727.39.613.1
Oil-exporting countries, excluding Nigeria23.221.430.640.141.842.345.822.522.6
Angola36.428.938.651.451.151.955.925.221.6
Cameroon3.71.90.00.33.03.63.9-3.9-3.3
Chad-15.4-8.428.037.432.830.429.812.418.3
Congo, Rep. of47.439.253.056.552.645.946.735.847.9
Equatorial Guinea41.153.859.060.865.362.756.245.144.9
Gabon34.635.141.947.444.545.249.632.035.7
Nigeria14.310.621.022.019.215.613.60.35.7
Middle-income countries2.41.7-0.4-0.6-2.3-2.4-2.9-3.7-3.9
Middle-income countries, excluding South Africa-4.3-2.1-3.1-2.6-1.6-5.3-12.9-19.3-18.0
Botswana11.911.18.317.116.912.83.3-9.8-8.4
Cape Verde-35.8-38.1-41.3-34.7-38.5-45.6-40.9-38.6-38.2
Lesotho-71.0-52.1-45.9-47.7-44.0-47.8-57.7-65.2-64.6
Mauritius-12.2-5.8-6.3-11.3-13.2-17.4-22.0-21.8-19.8
Namibia-5.7-9.3-4.3-3.71.2-2.0-9.5-15.9-16.0
Seychelles-24.6-10.5-18.5-33.9-29.9-37.6-45.2-28.1-25.1
South Africa3.02.1-0.1-0.4-2.3-2.0-1.6-1.7-2.0
Swaziland-4.85.74.0-10.2-9.4-8.5-20.0-16.8-14.6
Low-income countries-8.5-8.9-10.3-12.1-12.0-13.6-15.2-14.0-13.3
Benin-10.4-11.3-11.0-8.7-10.4-13.4-12.9-13.2