Chapter

Statistical Appendix

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
Published Date:
October 2007
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Estimates and projections used in this report are based on data provided by IMF country desks as of October 1, 2007. Projections are IMF staff estimates. The database covers 44 countries of the IMF’s African Department; Eritrea, Liberia, and Zimbabwe are not included in aggregate groupings because of data limitations. The rest of the data are consistent with those underlying the October 2007 World Economic Outlook (WEO). While data follow established international statistical methodologies to the extent possible, variable choice may be determined by country-specific definitions. The coverage and definitions of data for different countries are therefore not always comparable. Moreover, many countries are not yet able to compile high-quality data.

Sub-Saharan Africa: Country Groupings1
Resource-IntensiveNon-Resource-Intensive
OilNon-oilCoastalLandlocked
AngolaBotswwanaBenin *Burkina Faso *
Cameroon *Côte d’IvoireCape VerdeBurundi
ChadGuineaComorosCentral African Republic
Congo, Rep. ofNamibiaGambiaCongo, Dem. Rep. Of
Equatorial GuineaSão Tomé and PríncipeGhana *Ethiopia *
GabonSierra Leone *Guinea-BissauLesotho
NigeriaZambia *KenyaMalawi *
Madagascar *Mali *
MauritiusNiger *
Mozambique *Rwanda *
Senegal *Swaziland
SeychellesUganda *
South AfricaZimbabwe
Tanzania *
Togo
Note: Asterisk (*) marks countries that have reached the completion point under the enhanced HIPC Initiative and have qualified for MDRI relief.

Data and Conventions

For Tables SA12, SA7, SA21, and SA22, country group composites are calculated as the arithmetic average of data for individual countries, weighted by GDP valued at purchasing power parity (PPP) as a share of the total group GDP. The source of PPP weights is the WEO database.

For Tables SA34, SA6, SA812, SA1420, and SA2325, country group composites are calculated as the arithmetic average of data for individual countries, weighted by GDP in U.S. dollars at market exchange rates as a share of total group GDP.

For Table SA5, country group composites are calculated as the geometric average of data for individual countries, weighted by GDP valued at PPP as a share of the total group GDP. The source of PPP weights is the WEO database.

For Table SA13, country group composites are calculated as the geometric average of data for individual countries, weighted by GDP in U.S. dollars at market exchange rates as a share of total group GDP.

WAEMU is the West African Economic and Monetary Union. CEMAC is the Central African Economic and Monetary Community. EAC-5 is the East African Community. SADC is the Southern African Development Community.23 COMESA is the Common Market of Eastern and Southern Africa.

Table SA1.Real GDP Growth(Percent)
1997–2002200320042005200620072008
Oil-exporting countries3.87.48.47.75.77.610.6
Excluding Nigeria5.44.511.48.26.010.612.5
Angola4.93.311.220.618.623.127.2
Cameroon4.54.03.72.03.83.85.3
Chad5.214.733.67.90.51.54.1
Congo, Rep. of2.70.83.57.86.13.77.3
Equatorial Guinea44.811.631.76.7-5.210.18.1
Gabon0.02.41.13.01.24.84.2
Nigeria2.510.76.07.25.64.38.0
Middle-income countries2.93.24.94.94.84.74.2
Excluding South Africa5.24.25.23.63.84.74.8
Botswana7.86.26.33.82.65.05.2
Cape Verde7.84.74.45.86.56.97.5
Lesotho1.62.74.22.97.24.95.2
Mauritius5.03.84.73.13.54.74.7
Namibia3.93.56.64.24.64.84.6
Seychelles3.3-5.9-2.91.25.36.15.9
South Africa2.73.14.85.15.04.74.2
Swaziland2.92.92.12.32.11.01.0
Low-income countries4.33.96.66.76.46.97.0
Benin5.13.93.12.93.84.05.3
Burkina Faso5.78.04.67.15.96.06.1
Ethiopia3.4-3.513.110.29.010.59.6
Ghana4.35.25.65.96.26.36.9
Kenya1.92.84.65.86.16.46.5
Madagascar1.79.85.34.64.96.57.3
Malawi1.64.25.02.37.95.55.2
Mali5.07.22.46.15.35.24.8
Mozambique9.17.97.56.28.57.07.0
Niger3.64.5-0.87.45.25.65.4
Rwanda8.70.94.06.05.34.54.6
Senegal4.06.75.85.32.15.15.7
Tanzania4.95.76.76.76.27.17.5
Uganda5.74.45.76.75.46.26.5
Zambia2.65.15.45.25.96.06.2
Fragile countries0.53.15.45.34.45.27.7
Including Zimbabwe-0.5-0.53.02.82.53.05.5
Burundi1.6-1.24.80.95.13.55.8
Central African Republic2.7-7.61.32.23.84.04.3
Comoros2.72.5-0.24.21.21.03.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. of-2.85.86.66.55.16.58.4
Côte d’Ivoire1.0-1.71.61.80.91.73.8
Eritrea1.13.92.04.82.01.31.3
Gambia, The4.36.97.05.16.57.06.0
Guinea4.21.22.73.32.21.55.1
Guinea-Bissau-2.1-0.62.23.22.72.52.1
Liberia-31.32.65.37.89.410.4
São Tomé and Príncipe3.56.84.85.47.06.06.0
Sierra Leone3.89.57.47.37.47.47.0
Togo0.15.22.31.22.02.93.5
Zimbabwe-2.7-10.4-3.8-5.3-4.8-6.2-4.5
Sub-Saharan Africa3.34.36.26.15.56.26.9
Including Zimbabwe3.14.06.05.95.46.06.7
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa4.13.97.46.55.87.48.2
Oil-importing countries3.13.35.45.45.25.45.4
Excluding South Africa3.53.65.95.75.46.06.5
CFA franc zone5.15.08.44.72.34.85.6
WAEMU3.34.33.14.73.54.55.3
CEMAC7.55.914.64.61.05.36.0
EAC-54.84.05.96.86.57.07.3
SADC2.93.85.56.05.96.46.6
SACU2.93.24.95.04.94.74.2
COMESA2.82.67.68.47.99.710.7
Resource-intensive countries4.26.88.17.35.67.310.2
Oil3.87.48.47.75.77.610.6
Non-oil6.14.06.75.64.75.77.8
Non-resource-intensive countries3.03.45.55.65.45.65.4
Coastal3.03.74.95.15.15.24.9
Landlocked2.92.37.17.16.47.17.3
MDRI4.94.36.96.86.77.37.5
Fixed exchange rate regime5.14.87.64.32.64.65.2
Floating exchange rate regime2.94.25.86.56.16.47.2
Sources: IMF, African Department database, October 1, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, October 1, 2007.
Table SA2.Real Non-Oil GDP Growth(Percent)
1997–2002200320042005200620072008
Oil-exporting countries7.64.77.07.110.613.611.4
Excluding Nigeria9.95.26.95.612.118.515.1
Angola7.97.810.01.029.832.425.5
Cameroon5.24.94.92.93.54.45.2
Chad4.66.02.111.04.43.64.3
Congo, Rep. of2.85.45.05.45.86.56.5
Equatorial Guinea28.511.720.023.112.143.230.6
Gabon2.40.91.84.34.96.04.7
Nigeria4.44.47.48.69.48.07.0
Middle-income countries2.93.24.94.94.84.74.2
Excluding South Africa5.24.25.23.63.84.74.8
Botswana7.86.26.33.82.65.05.2
Cape Verde7.84.74.45.86.56.97.5
Lesotho1.82.74.22.97.24.95.2
Mauritius5.03.84.73.13.54.74.7
Namibia3.93.56.64.24.64.84.6
Seychelles3.3-5.9-2.91.25.36.15.9
South Africa2.73.14.85.15.04.74.2
Swaziland2.92.92.12.32.11.01.0
Low-income countries4.34.26.66.76.46.97.0
Benin5.13.93.12.93.84.05.3
Burkina Faso5.78.04.67.15.96.06.1
Ethiopia3.4-3.513.110.29.010.59.6
Ghana4.35.25.65.96.26.36.9
Kenya1.92.84.65.86.16.46.5
Madagascar1.79.85.34.64.96.57.3
Malawi1.64.25.02.37.95.55.2
Mali5.07.22.26.46.75.85.3
Mozambique9.17.97.56.28.57.07.0
Niger3.615.4-0.87.45.25.65.4
Rwanda8.70.94.06.05.34.54.6
Senegal4.06.75.85.32.15.15.7
Tanzania4.95.76.76.76.27.17.5
Uganda5.74.45.76.75.46.26.5
Zambia2.65.15.45.25.96.06.2
Fragile countries0.53.05.35.14.25.47.5
Including Zimbabwe-0.5-0.63.02.72.33.15.3
Burundi1.6-1.24.80.95.13.55.8
Central African Republic2.7-7.61.32.23.84.04.3
Comoros2.72.5-0.24.21.23.04.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. of-2.85.86.66.55.16.58.4
Côte d’Ivoire0.9-2.21.61.20.22.23.1
Eritrea1.13.92.04.82.01.31.3
Gambia, The4.36.97.05.16.57.06.0
Guinea4.21.22.73.32.21.55.1
Guinea-Bissau0.1-0.62.23.22.72.52.1
Liberia-31.32.65.37.89.410.4
São Tomé and Príncipe3.66.84.85.47.06.06.0
Sierra Leone3.89.57.47.37.47.47.0
Togo0.15.22.31.22.02.93.5
Zimbabwe-2.7-10.4-3.8-5.3-4.8-6.2-4.5
Sub-Saharan Africa4.53.85.96.06.77.67.1
Including Zimbabwe4.33.45.65.86.57.46.9
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa5.44.36.35.97.29.38.8
Oil-importing countries3.13.45.45.45.25.45.4
Excluding South Africa3.53.85.95.75.46.16.5
CFA franc zone6.55.25.16.94.69.28.5
WAEMU3.35.33.04.63.54.75.2
CEMAC11.05.27.59.55.914.512.3
EAC-54.84.05.96.86.57.07.3
SADC3.04.05.44.96.67.16.5
SACU2.93.24.95.04.94.74.2
COMESA3.13.17.55.89.511.310.4
Resource-intensive countries7.34.56.96.89.612.310.8
Oil7.64.77.07.110.613.611.4
Non-oil6.03.76.75.34.45.97.5
Non-resource-intensive countries3.03.65.55.65.55.65.5
Coastal3.03.74.95.15.15.24.9
Landlocked2.92.97.17.26.57.17.3
MDRI5.54.87.06.96.77.37.5
Fixed exchange rate regime5.94.95.06.04.37.87.3
Floating exchange rate regime3.23.56.05.97.17.46.9
Sources: IMF, African Department database, October 1, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, October 1, 2007.
Table SA3.Real Per Capita GDP Growth(Percent)
1997-2002200320042005200620072008
Oil-exporting countries1.24.65.85.23.35.07.9
Excluding Nigeria2.91.78.95.73.58.09.9
Angola1.90.48.017.215.219.623.6
Cameroon1.51.20.9-0.70.91.02.4
Chad2.64.830.45.3-2.0-1.01.6
Congo, Rep. of-0.1-2.00.64.73.10.84.3
Equatorial Guinea35.18.428.03.7-7.97.05.0
Gabon-2.4-0.1-1.40.5-1.32.31.7
Nigeria-0.37.73.24.63.11.85.4
Middle-income countries1.52.23.94.03.63.73.3
Excluding South Africa3.63.14.42.93.24.24.4
Botswana6.66.06.44.23.35.86.2
Cape Verde5.42.82.53.84.54.95.5
Lesotho0.00.42.31.05.23.03.3
Mauritius3.92.83.82.22.73.93.9
Namibia1.52.15.33.03.83.93.8
Seychelles2.8-7.7-3.71.13.46.16.3
South Africa1.22.13.84.13.73.73.1
Swaziland0.20.5-0.10.40.3-0.6-0.3
Low-income countries1.51.33.94.03.74.34.4
Benin1.72.00.10.00.80.82.0
Burkina Faso2.94.61.44.63.53.63.7
Ethiopia0.4-6.110.17.26.07.56.8
Ghana1.72.63.03.23.63.74.2
Kenya-0.30.72.63.84.34.64.7
Madagascar-1.26.72.41.72.13.64.4
Malawi-1.11.92.80.35.73.43.1
Mali2.54.80.13.72.92.82.5
Mozambique6.85.95.63.76.14.64.6
Niger0.31.3-3.84.22.02.52.2
Rwanda2.9-0.72.54.23.42.72.8
Senegal1.44.23.32.8-0.32.73.2
Tanzania2.43.64.44.44.35.05.4
Uganda2.50.92.13.01.82.52.8
Zambia0.32.72.92.73.53.53.7
Fragile countries-2.8-0.42.11.81.11.94.3
Including Zimbabwe-2.6-3.30.70.1-0.10.3
Burundi-0.7-4.02.8-1.13.11.53.8
Central African Republic0.8-9.4-0.70.21.72.02.2
Comoros0.70.4-2.32.1-0.8-1.10.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. of-5.02.83.53.32.03.45.3
Côte d’Ivoire-1.3-3.20.10.0-0.60.22.2
Eritrea-1.61.3-0.52.3-0.4-1.1-1.0
Gambia, The0.94.24.32.53.84.33.3
Guinea1.5-2.40.20.2-0.8-1.42.0
Guinea-Bissau-6.5-3.6-0.80.2-0.3-0.4-0.8
Liberia-32.20.82.43.74.45.0
São Tomé and Príncipe2.24.42.43.04.93.93.9
Sierra Leone1.16.74.64.54.74.74.3
Togo-3.12.4-0.3-1.3-0.50.40.9
Zimbabwe-2.4-11.3-3.6-5.3-4.8-6.2
Sub-Saharan Africa1.12.34.24.23.54.24.9
Including Zimbabwe1.02.04.14.03.34.0
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa1.41.34.84.03.34.85.7
Oil-importing countries1.11.63.63.73.43.73.7
Excluding South Africa0.91.23.53.33.13.74.2
CFA franc zone2.02.05.62.0-0.32.12.9
WAEMU0.41.80.52.11.01.92.7
CEMAC4.22.211.61.8-1.72.43.1
EAC-51.51.23.13.93.74.14.5
SADC1.22.44.14.64.35.05.1
SACU1.42.23.94.03.63.73.3
COMESA0.10.04.95.75.27.08.0
Resource-intensive countries1.44.05.64.83.14.87.5
Oil1.24.65.85.23.35.07.9
Non-oil2.41.14.33.02.53.55.7
Non-resource-intensive countries1.01.73.73.93.53.83.7
Coastal1.32.33.53.83.53.73.5
Landlocked0.0-0.54.14.23.54.24.4
MDRI1.81.54.03.83.74.34.5
Fixed exchange rate regime2.32.25.32.10.52.53.1
Floating exchange rate regime0.92.34.04.64.14.55.2
Sources: IMF, African Department database, October 1, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, October 1, 2007.
Table SA4.Real Per Capita GDP(U.S. dollars, at 2000 prices, using 2000 exchange rates)
1997-2002200320042005200620072008
Oil-exporting countries451482504531552578625
Excluding Nigeria7487898408939371,0181,136
Angola7007668289701,1171,3361,651
Cameroon649673679674680687703
Chad197224293308302299304
Congo, Rep. of1,1091,1141,1201,1731,2101,2191,271
Equatorial Guinea1,4972,5063,2083,3283,0663,2813,446
Gabon4,4754,0974,0404,0614,0094,1004,170
Nigeria355382394412424432455
Middle-income countries2,8253,0273,1433,2663,3823,5063,619
Excluding South Africa2,0392,2512,3392,3952,4562,5472,644
Botswana3,7874,5824,8765,0805,2465,5525,895
Cape Verde1,1951,3751,4091,4631,5291,6041,692
Lesotho385381390394415427441
Mauritius3,5843,9784,1304,2204,3334,5014,675
Namibia1,8051,9442,0482,1102,1902,2762,362
Seychelles7,6697,1186,8546,9317,1647,5988,078
South Africa2,9713,1743,2953,4313,5573,6883,804
Swaziland1,3771,3831,3821,3871,3911,3841,379
Low-income countries243255263273283294307
Benin374394394394397401409
Burkina Faso231254257269278288299
Ethiopia125120132142150162173
Ghana269287296305316328342
Kenya413413424440459480502
Madagascar231223228232237245256
Malawi151144148148157162167
Mali252281281292300308316
Mozambique214261276286304318332
Niger174176169176180184188
Rwanda233241247258266274281
Senegal446474490504502516532
Tanzania271304318332346364383
Uganda239257263270275282290
Zambia315334343353365378392
Fragile countries232216218219219221227
Including Zimbabwe284252250248245243
Burundi111104107105109110114
Central African Republic253225223223227232237
Comoros374380371379376372375
Congo, Dem. Rep. of928588919396101
Côte d’Ivoire639574575575571572585
Eritrea175165164168167166164
Gambia, The235243254260270282291
Guinea388388389389386381388
Guinea-Bissau165134133133132132131
Liberia118119122126132138
São Tomé and Príncipe542631646665698725753
Sierra Leone151202212221232243253
Togo245228227224223224226
Zimbabwe720577556527502471
Sub-Saharan Africa526545562581598618644
Including Zimbabwe530546562580597615
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa323335347360371388411
Oil-importing countries555570585601617634651
Excluding South Africa279286294302310320331
CFA franc zone466473486493494502516
WAEMU361357358363365371380
CEMAC709735775787783797820
EAC-5292307316327339353368
SADC8999429721,0071,0441,0861,133
SACU2,8143,0133,1303,2543,3713,4943,606
COMESA257261272287303325353
Resource-intensive countries487513533556574597638
Oil451482504531552578625
Non-oil626637651658664675694
Non-resource-intensive countries548563578595612629646
Coastal9661,0071,0371,0681,1011,1351,166
Landlocked162164169176182189196
MDRI245261269277286296308
Fixed exchange rate regime549564580589591602618
Floating exchange rate regime521541558580600621649
Sources: IMF, African Department database, October 1, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, October 1, 2007.
Table SA5.Consumer Prices(Annual average percent change)
1997-2002200320042005200620072008
Oil-exporting countries22.918.713.714.18.26.16.7
Excluding Nigeria43.825.312.09.88.17.15.9
Angola193.998.343.623.013.311.98.9
Cameroon3.50.60.32.05.12.02.7
Chad3.8-1.8-5.47.97.93.03.0
Congo, Rep. of3.71.53.62.54.87.05.0
Equatorial Guinea5.47.34.25.74.56.15.7
Gabon1.42.10.40.04.05.53.0
Nigeria10.614.015.017.88.35.37.4
Middle-income countries6.95.91.83.65.06.76.3
Excluding South Africa7.46.74.95.17.37.36.6
Botswana7.79.27.08.611.67.07.0
Cape Verde3.41.2-1.90.45.42.52.3
Lesotho8.47.35.03.46.16.66.4
Mauritius6.13.94.74.95.510.77.5
Namibia8.97.24.12.35.16.35.9
Seychelles3.73.33.90.9-0.44.412.9
South Africa6.85.81.43.44.76.66.2
Swaziland8.07.43.44.85.36.86.3
Low-income countries7.19.97.88.99.08.57.4
Benin3.41.50.95.43.83.02.8
Burkina Faso2.22.0-0.46.42.40.52.0
Ethiopia-0.715.18.66.812.317.815.9
Ghana21.626.712.615.110.99.48.8
Kenya7.09.811.610.314.56.97.2
Madagascar8.8-1.114.018.410.810.16.9
Malawi25.99.611.612.39.07.06.0
Mali2.0-1.3-3.16.41.92.52.5
Mozambique8.413.512.66.413.26.45.7
Niger2.5-1.80.47.80.10.02.0
Rwanda4.27.412.09.28.88.25.0
Senegal1.60.00.51.72.15.42.9
Tanzania8.94.44.14.47.35.65.0
Uganda3.75.75.08.06.67.55.1
Zambia24.321.418.018.39.111.35.7
Fragile countries51.68.65.815.311.912.07.4
Including Zimbabwe52.148.942.241.166.5147.1
Burundi13.210.78.013.62.75.35.7
Central African Republic1.34.4-2.22.96.73.12.3
Comoros3.13.74.53.03.43.03.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. of240.912.84.021.413.217.58.8
Côte d’Ivoire3.23.31.53.92.52.53.0
Eritrea12.222.725.112.517.322.725.2
Gambia, The3.617.014.23.21.45.04.5
Guinea4.412.917.531.434.723.413.8
Guinea-Bissau11.7-3.50.83.42.03.02.6
Liberia10.33.66.97.211.29.0
São Tomé and Príncipe25.59.913.817.223.616.611.4
Sierra Leone13.87.514.212.19.510.810.2
Togo2.5-0.90.46.82.23.23.0
Zimbabwe61.7365.0350.0237.81,016.716,170.2
Sub-Saharan Africa13.49.76.18.17.37.56.8
Including Zimbabwe14.613.69.510.611.916.5
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa19.911.87.99.89.28.77.0
Oil-importing countries11.37.54.26.67.17.96.8
Excluding South Africa16.09.27.09.89.49.17.3
CFA franc zone2.91.30.24.43.63.13.1
WAEMU2.70.80.24.92.22.62.6
CEMAC3.32.10.33.75.43.83.7
EAC-56.37.17.68.29.26.95.7
SADC19.09.74.76.26.57.86.6
SACU6.96.01.73.65.06.66.3
COMESA36.417.611.712.210.711.78.9
Resource-intensive countries18.115.912.213.59.27.06.8
Oil22.918.713.714.18.26.16.7
Non-oil7.49.18.411.711.99.57.1
Non-resource-intensive countries11.77.43.86.16.67.86.7
Coastal7.67.03.45.06.06.86.2
Landlocked27.38.75.19.88.610.98.4
MDRI6.89.06.78.18.18.17.0
Fixed exchange rate regime3.92.61.24.54.43.83.8
Floating exchange rate regime15.611.37.29.08.08.47.4
Sources: IMF, African Department database, October 1, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, October 1, 2007.
Table SA6.Total Investment(Percent of GDP)
1997-2002200320042005200620072008
Oil-exporting countries23.623.421.119.420.120.820.3
Excluding Nigeria23.422.819.217.018.018.317.4
Angola21.512.79.18.111.311.010.9
Cameroon18.317.518.918.118.018.920.6
Chad27.855.625.821.421.221.619.6
Congo, Rep. of24.826.122.521.623.028.627.3
Equatorial Guinea69.958.344.537.740.647.445.9
Gabon27.723.924.522.723.125.025.2
Nigeria23.623.922.521.221.823.123.2
Middle-income countries17.517.919.819.721.922.122.2
Excluding South Africa29.330.929.627.526.128.530.3
Botswana35.139.838.630.726.729.333.1
Cape Verde34.631.037.437.340.144.649.4
Lesotho46.233.231.427.424.326.228.9
Mauritius25.624.922.823.422.524.124.1
Namibia22.029.826.428.329.431.932.9
Seychelles31.410.412.730.232.744.339.3
South Africa15.916.118.518.821.421.421.2
Swaziland19.818.018.418.017.217.216.1
Low-income countries18.020.421.722.523.625.025.7
Benin19.219.619.019.618.121.722.2
Burkina Faso23.921.122.522.422.823.022.8
Ethiopia17.121.621.420.519.822.221.2
Ghana23.322.928.429.030.231.631.1
Kenya13.413.115.218.121.820.121.9
Madagascar15.117.924.322.524.830.235.5
Malawi14.420.625.321.521.826.826.8
Mali21.421.121.722.322.422.723.2
Mozambique28.527.422.621.524.928.828.9
Niger11.916.314.623.121.523.024.7
Rwanda16.518.420.522.621.423.822.6
Senegal18.825.926.629.829.232.632.4
Tanzania16.721.221.022.223.324.925.2
Uganda18.520.522.321.123.124.226.2
Zambia18.225.624.323.523.525.025.0
Fragile countries13.210.711.311.611.712.414.6
Including Zimbabwe11.64.310.510.811.913.8
Burundi6.310.613.310.816.318.118.5
Central African Republic9.56.06.18.88.99.610.0
Comoros11.910.39.49.39.813.715.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. of14.612.212.813.913.414.716.3
Côte d’Ivoire12.110.110.89.79.79.712.2
Eritrea29.025.321.419.018.119.819.7
Gambia, The20.019.227.426.026.028.027.5
Guinea18.110.211.414.113.715.018.5
Guinea-Bissau14.512.613.214.612.215.616.0
Liberia
São Tomé and Príncipe1
Sierra Leone6.213.910.717.415.517.219.4
Togo12.010.811.111.813.013.115.1
Zimbabwe11.5-13.05.14.413.817.5
Sub-Saharan Africa18.619.319.919.721.121.821.8
Including Zimbabwe18.118.519.819.621.021.7
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa19.620.720.520.020.521.521.7
Oil-importing countries17.217.919.519.821.522.222.6
Excluding South Africa18.620.120.921.221.723.224.3
CFA franc zone19.421.420.620.621.022.823.6
WAEMU16.116.917.518.518.319.620.7
CEMAC23.826.824.022.723.526.126.4
EAC-515.417.218.520.022.422.223.5
SADC17.617.919.118.720.620.720.4
SACU17.117.619.619.521.821.922.0
COMESA17.517.717.517.118.318.618.4
Resource-intensive countries22.322.921.119.519.920.720.6
Oil23.623.421.119.420.120.820.3
Non-oil19.321.521.320.019.320.222.4
Non-resource-intensive countries16.917.419.319.821.822.422.6
Coastal16.717.219.219.722.222.622.8
Landlocked17.819.019.820.019.921.521.9
MDRI18.821.122.222.523.025.025.7
Fixed exchange rate regime21.623.622.822.122.024.125.1
Floating exchange rate regime17.918.119.219.120.921.221.1
Sources: IMF, African Department database, October 1, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, October 1, 2007.
Table SA7.Domestic Saving(Percent of GDP)
1997-2002200320042005200620072008
Oil-exporting countries29.031.136.642.245.139.241.5
Excluding Nigeria28.729.833.441.746.641.844.3
Angola24.319.225.137.947.240.244.3
Cameroon19.117.818.516.217.316.217.0
Chad-5.320.918.830.535.737.433.4
Congo, Rep. of45.052.748.057.764.358.359.8
Equatorial Guinea63.078.783.086.984.984.383.0
Gabon48.748.154.762.159.155.457.6
Nigeria29.032.139.242.643.936.938.6
Middle-income countries19.419.819.419.019.219.018.9
Excluding South Africa25.229.929.328.929.830.029.9
Botswana48.048.949.951.854.254.853.7
Cape Verde-5.3-6.5-1.54.34.96.79.1
Lesotho-23.4-20.0-16.3-21.9-22.8-22.9-17.3
Mauritius24.425.823.319.015.614.314.7
Namibia13.823.222.324.729.533.031.2
Seychelles19.421.514.73.810.2-0.98.9
South Africa18.618.418.117.818.017.817.7
Swaziland5.019.916.813.912.010.18.5
Low-income countries7.29.09.88.911.210.610.4
Benin7.16.76.79.57.110.811.9
Burkina Faso9.57.98.97.89.38.59.2
Ethiopia6.63.65.42.65.2-0.8-0.1
Ghana6.410.97.33.44.77.76.6
Kenya6.06.27.59.29.56.96.6
Madagascar8.38.99.48.413.78.510.7
Malawi2.23.97.1-5.2-1.86.97.8
Mali13.414.013.513.719.418.519.2
Mozambique9.610.613.210.818.820.919.5
Niger3.96.33.68.58.88.110.9
Rwanda-0.5-0.82.22.31.81.41.4
Senegal11.113.814.014.210.914.114.7
Tanzania6.814.513.611.710.210.29.9
Uganda7.05.98.77.28.69.89.5
Zambia6.813.119.820.332.133.129.4
Fragile countries15.012.811.79.210.29.710.5
Including Zimbabwe11.93.69.77.310.411.7
Burundi-4.4-8.7-11.0-17.4-21.1-20.0-12.7
Central African Republic4.81.70.10.21.93.02.9
Comoros-7.2-5.8-10.6-12.9-14.0-11.4-8.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. of15.510.08.82.23.05.35.0
Côte d’Ivoire21.221.020.017.220.118.119.2
Eritrea-30.0-65.7-57.1-30.2-19.0-15.3-4.0
Gambia, The11.06.3-5.5-10.8-2.3-7.6-5.7
Guinea14.67.87.110.99.16.97.4
Guinea-Bissau-7.8-1.6-3.0-3.1-18.6-4.8-1.0
Liberia
São Tomé and Príncipe1
Sierra Leone-3.9-3.7-0.44.35.75.74.4
Togo-1.0-3.1-3.9-5.0-6.6-8.0-6.3
Zimbabwe9.0-21.1-3.7-6.711.217.1
Sub-Saharan Africa18.419.721.423.325.423.324.7
Including Zimbabwe17.818.721.223.125.323.2
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa15.117.118.821.124.622.824.8
Oil-importing countries15.316.016.215.516.215.715.6
Excluding South Africa11.613.113.512.213.813.113.1
CFA franc zone20.422.624.227.829.527.928.9
WAEMU13.713.713.212.613.513.514.6
CEMAC29.233.636.543.044.942.443.2
EAC-55.88.09.08.78.57.57.4
SADC18.118.619.019.622.121.723.1
SACU19.319.719.419.119.419.319.1
COMESA11.011.614.217.223.421.024.6
Resource-intensive countries27.229.533.938.942.237.439.3
Oil29.031.136.642.245.139.241.5
Non-oil22.624.825.626.130.129.328.6
Non-resource-intensive countries14.314.815.014.214.514.014.0
Coastal15.716.316.315.815.915.515.5
Landlocked7.06.47.14.56.15.56.0
MDRI9.010.711.59.912.312.112.0
Fixed exchange rate regime21.324.225.528.430.128.929.7
Floating exchange rate regime17.718.620.422.124.322.123.6
Sources: IMF, African Department database, October 1, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, October 1, 2007.
Table SA8.Overall Fiscal Balance, Including Grants(Central government; percent of GDP)
1997-2002200320042005200620072008
Oil-exporting countries-3.1-0.85.18.712.63.87.4
Excluding Nigeria-4.2-0.21.97.917.85.56.9
Angola-13.0-6.4-0.57.314.82.26.1
Cameroon-0.81.2-0.53.532.44.23.1
Chad-5.1-6.3-3.0-0.42.43.5-8.8
Congo, Rep. of-7.10.43.615.617.29.915.2
Equatorial Guinea5.511.712.519.723.522.720.9
Gabon1.27.48.38.69.29.810.8
Nigeria-2.1-1.37.79.38.42.37.9
Middle-income countries-2.3-2.2-1.7-0.40.60.60.0
Excluding South Africa-2.6-3.5-2.11.13.20.1-0.6
Botswana1.4-1.00.96.811.13.53.8
Cape Verde-10.6-4.3-3.8-6.4-5.2-3.4-3.2
Lesotho-3.5-0.45.64.813.47.76.3
Mauritius-5.1-6.2-5.3-5.0-5.4-4.3-4.1
Namibia-3.3-6.5-4.4-1.4-0.1-0.4-3.4
Seychelles-12.30.6-0.82.3-7.1-5.8-9.2
South Africa-2.2-2.0-1.7-0.60.40.70.1
Swaziland-1.3-2.8-4.6-1.60.5-2.0-3.7
Low-income countries-3.3-3.2-2.6-2.63.8-4.0-3.8
Benin-0.2-1.9-1.0-2.5-0.2-2.0-1.8
Burkina Faso1-3.5-2.9-4.3-4.916.1-6.3-5.7
Ethiopia-5.9-7.0-3.2-4.7-4.4-4.3-3.8
Ghana-7.8-3.3-3.1-1.7-7.0-6.3-5.8
Kenya-1.3-1.7-0.1-1.7-2.6-3.0-3.8
Madagascar-4.2-4.8-5.7-4.337.5-5.8-4.4
Malawi-6.2-4.7-4.8-1.1-1.7-3.8-0.8
Mali1-3.4-1.3-2.6-3.231.2-3.6-4.3
Mozambique-4.2-4.1-4.3-2.1-1.3-4.5-3.3
Niger1-3.5-2.8-3.6-2.040.9-3.6-2.5
Rwanda-2.0-2.5-0.20.7-0.5-2.0-1.3
Senegal-0.5-1.6-2.9-3.2-6.1-4.8-4.5
Tanzania-1.0-1.4-3.0-3.2-5.2-4.1-4.0
Uganda-3.4-4.3-1.7-0.6-0.8-2.6-3.6
Zambia1-4.5-6.0-2.9-2.719.7-2.7-2.0
Fragile countries-2.9-3.7-2.9-2.4-1.61.41.5
Including Zimbabwe-4.2-2.8-3.5-2.8-2.3-5.9
Burundi-4.2-6.2-4.9-5.1-1.70.786.6
Central African Republic-1.0-3.1-2.2-4.57.12.50.7
Comoros-3.1-3.4-1.70.1-2.6-2.0-2.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. of-4.6-4.7-4.9-3.6-1.2-0.1-0.2
Côte d’Ivoire-1.4-2.9-1.7-1.7-1.80.3-0.2
Eritrea-34.4-16.7-19.5-17.8-17.0-18.1-18.4
Gambia, The-5.4-4.7-5.7-8.6-6.31.8-1.8
Guinea-3.1-6.2-4.9-1.5-2.11.0-1.2
Guinea-Bissau-11.1-12.9-15.0-11.9-9.8-17.3-9.9
Liberia0.90.00.04.81.2-0.7
São Tomé and Príncipe-15.1-7.3-11.926.1-12.6124.99.3
Sierra Leone1-8.9-6.7-3.5-2.7-2.723.7-4.3
Togo-2.52.41.0-2.4-2.8-2.5-2.6
Zimbabwe-7.7-0.2-7.6-6.0-7.3-24.6
Sub-Saharan Africa-2.7-2.2-0.21.75.00.81.9
Including Zimbabwe-2.8-2.1-0.31.74.90.2
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa-3.2-2.6-1.41.07.70.21.1
Oil-importing countries-2.6-2.6-2.0-1.21.4-0.7-1.0
Excluding South Africa-3.1-3.3-2.6-2.02.7-2.4-2.4
CFA franc zone-1.4-0.10.22.613.63.12.7
WAEMU-1.9-2.2-2.4-2.86.8-2.7-2.7
CEMAC-0.92.53.07.920.09.08.0
EAC-5-1.7-2.2-1.4-1.9-2.8-3.1-2.1
SADC-2.8-2.6-1.90.03.20.40.8
SACU-2.1-2.0-1.6-0.30.80.80.2
COMESA-4.8-4.8-2.40.26.5-1.11.3
Resource-intensive countries-2.6-1.63.47.011.33.46.1
Oil-3.1-0.85.18.712.63.87.4
Non-oil-1.9-3.7-2.00.25.81.3-0.3
Non-resource-intensive countries-2.7-2.4-2.1-1.40.8-1.0-1.1
Coastal-2.5-2.2-1.9-1.1-0.1-0.6-1.1
Landlocked-4.1-4.1-3.1-2.76.5-2.8-1.5
MDRI-3.4-2.8-2.7-1.99.0-2.7-2.8
Fixed exchange rate regime-1.5-0.6-0.12.612.02.82.2
Floating exchange rate regime-2.9-2.6-0.21.53.30.31.9
Sources: IMF, African Department database, October 1, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, October 1, 2007.
Table SA9.Overall Fiscal Balance, Excluding Grants(Central government; percent of GDP)
1997-2002200320042005200620072008
Oil-exporting countries-3.4-1.24.98.510.23.67.2
Excluding Nigeria-5.2-1.21.47.412.35.06.6
Angola-15.0-7.2-1.07.114.82.16.0
Cameroon-1.00.7-0.83.04.62.92.1
Chad-10.5-14.0-6.0-3.70.50.9-11.2
Congo, Rep. of-7.4-0.13.315.417.19.214.5
Equatorial Guinea5.211.712.519.723.522.720.9
Gabon1.27.48.28.69.29.710.7
Nigeria-2.1-1.37.79.38.42.37.9
Middle-income countries-2.4-2.2-1.8-0.50.60.6-0.1
Excluding South Africa-3.3-4.1-2.90.42.5-0.6-1.6
Botswana1.0-1.20.36.510.53.03.4
Cape Verde-19.2-9.8-12.7-12.8-11.1-9.7-8.7
Lesotho-6.5-3.13.02.712.36.31.7
Mauritius-5.2-6.5-5.7-5.3-5.6-4.5-5.3
Namibia-3.4-6.6-4.5-1.4-0.2-0.7-3.8
Seychelles-12.80.6-1.01.0-8.8-6.7-10.8
South Africa-2.2-2.0-1.7-0.60.40.70.1
Swaziland-2.2-3.8-5.4-2.60.0-2.5-4.2
Low-income countries-7.1-8.1-7.7-7.6-8.2-9.1-8.5
Benin-2.8-3.7-3.7-4.6-2.5-4.5-4.2
Burkina Faso-10.2-8.3-8.6-9.3-10.8-11.6-10.5
Ethiopia-9.0-13.6-8.1-9.4-8.5-10.3-10.0
Ghana-10.7-8.0-9.5-6.9-12.2-11.4-9.2
Kenya-2.2-3.6-1.3-3.0-3.7-4.1-5.1
Madagascar-7.9-9.9-13.9-10.1-10.5-10.6-7.9
Malawi-12.2-12.6-15.1-12.8-14.2-15.3-12.4
Mali-7.9-5.7-6.6-7.3-8.6-8.9-8.3
Mozambique-14.4-13.6-11.8-8.5-11.1-15.9-14.0
Niger-8.2-7.7-9.4-9.6-5.8-11.6-10.1
Rwanda-9.1-10.5-12.3-13.4-13.0-15.4-15.2
Senegal-2.6-3.5-5.0-4.9-7.7-7.0-6.2
Tanzania-4.6-7.2-8.6-10.4-10.9-11.8-11.6
Uganda-9.3-10.9-10.7-8.5-7.4-8.5-7.9
Zambia-11.1-13.0-8.4-8.3-5.9-7.5-6.4
Fragile countries-4.0-5.4-4.8-5.1-5.0-3.4-3.8
Including Zimbabwe-5.2-4.0-5.2-5.2-5.3-9.3
Burundi-6.9-13.8-19.7-16.8-19.7-23.5-20.0
Central African Republic-1.0-3.1-2.2-4.57.12.50.7
Comoros-9.0-5.7-4.5-4.2-7.6-10.9-11.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. of-4.7-6.7-6.8-8.8-9.4-4.6-5.7
Côte d’Ivoire-2.0-3.5-2.6-2.8-2.4-1.0-1.3
Eritrea-46.7-38.5-37.2-34.5-26.5-27.4-24.9
Gambia, The-7.6-7.2-10.2-10.3-8.0-6.6-6.7
Guinea-5.7-8.9-5.9-2.1-3.5-1.6-2.4
Guinea-Bissau-21.4-23.3-32.2-24.6-21.7-25.2-17.8
Liberia0.2-0.30.04.61.0-0.7
São Tomé and Príncipe-35.7-26.6-31.08.9-28.7-0.4-2.1
Sierra Leone-13.9-14.4-12.4-12.8-11.0-12.7-12.6
Togo-3.41.90.2-3.6-4.2-5.4-5.8
Zimbabwe-8.4-0.4-7.7-6.0-7.3-24.6
Sub-Saharan Africa-3.8-3.5-1.40.51.6-0.70.6
Including Zimbabwe-3.9-3.4-1.50.51.5-1.2
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa-5.7-5.5-4.2-1.80.0-2.9-1.7
Oil-importing countries-4.0-4.2-3.6-2.8-2.4-2.7-3.0
Excluding South Africa-5.9-6.9-6.3-5.8-6.0-6.9-6.7
CFA franc zone-3.0-1.8-1.41.02.31.10.9
WAEMU-4.3-4.5-4.8-5.4-5.6-5.9-5.4
CEMAC-1.51.52.57.310.08.17.3
EAC-5-4.8-6.6-6.2-7.0-7.1-7.6-8.0
SADC-3.6-3.5-2.7-0.91.0-0.6-0.1
SACU-2.2-2.1-1.7-0.30.80.80.1
COMESA-7.3-8.0-5.5-2.90.4-3.7-1.5
Resource-intensive countries-3.4-2.32.86.48.12.65.7
Oil-3.4-1.24.98.510.23.67.2
Non-oil-3.5-5.4-3.6-1.5-0.5-1.8-2.1
Non-resource-intensive countries-4.0-4.0-3.6-2.9-2.6-2.8-3.1
Coastal-3.3-3.2-2.8-2.0-1.7-1.7-2.1
Landlocked-8.0-9.1-8.4-8.6-7.9-8.9-8.7
MDRI-7.2-7.6-7.6-6.8-7.2-8.4-7.7
Fixed exchange rate regime-3.0-2.1-1.51.22.80.90.6
Floating exchange rate regime-4.0-3.8-1.40.41.3-1.00.6
Sources: IMF, African Department database, October 1, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, October 1, 2007.
Table SA10.Government Revenue, Excluding Grants(Percent of GDP)
1997-2002200320042005200620072008
Oil-exporting countries23.623.326.929.631.826.429.3
Excluding Nigeria26.626.327.131.437.531.933.1
Angola42.437.237.540.446.434.436.1
Cameroon14.616.115.217.318.918.218.5
Chad7.87.88.59.316.824.014.7
Congo, Rep. of26.929.730.038.644.738.240.5
Equatorial Guinea22.527.331.937.945.748.147.0
Gabon32.530.130.831.331.731.030.3
Nigeria21.421.026.728.127.121.425.5
Middle-income countries24.424.224.926.427.628.228.1
Excluding South Africa31.531.131.733.335.433.932.4
Botswana39.238.237.439.441.538.136.6
Cape Verde20.621.322.823.625.125.625.7
Lesotho43.142.246.748.758.456.654.0
Mauritius19.420.119.919.819.918.918.9
Namibia32.129.230.232.734.936.533.4
Seychelles42.147.250.050.252.548.347.9
South Africa23.523.224.025.626.727.627.6
Swaziland28.726.130.732.135.736.033.7
Low-income countries14.915.616.616.716.917.217.8
Benin15.217.016.416.516.817.218.1
Burkina Faso12.112.112.812.312.513.413.9
Ethiopia15.116.217.015.816.917.318.3
Ghana17.720.823.823.821.622.322.4
Kenya20.219.721.220.820.920.021.6
Madagascar10.210.312.010.911.210.911.4
Malawi16.316.016.818.517.418.218.8
Mali13.916.417.417.917.117.417.6
Mozambique12.112.912.613.614.014.515.0
Niger9.210.211.410.813.111.913.1
Rwanda10.713.513.915.114.814.815.1
Senegal16.518.118.319.320.020.620.2
Tanzania11.211.411.812.513.314.815.2
Uganda11.512.212.712.813.213.013.4
Zambia18.818.018.217.416.817.717.9
Fragile countries13.713.814.615.316.517.117.4
Including Zimbabwe16.316.817.118.721.123.6
Burundi17.721.120.120.018.820.220.0
Central African Republic14.99.211.412.221.216.514.4
Comoros12.915.815.615.713.615.215.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. of5.87.79.511.613.214.414.9
Côte d’Ivoire17.716.817.517.118.219.519.6
Eritrea31.936.427.529.628.328.427.2
Gambia, The17.615.720.919.721.222.021.0
Guinea11.310.510.513.114.113.314.2
Guinea-Bissau15.015.217.217.619.515.220.9
Liberia11.114.814.518.824.724.3
São Tomé and Príncipe16.615.216.864.721.239.235.7
Sierra Leone9.412.412.311.911.812.813.3
Togo13.617.016.815.716.916.217.0
Zimbabwe24.024.933.843.751.340.3
Sub-Saharan Africa21.321.423.124.826.224.725.9
Including Zimbabwe21.321.523.225.026.425.1
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa19.019.821.022.825.523.724.7
Oil-importing countries20.520.721.822.923.623.924.1
Excluding South Africa17.117.818.819.119.619.519.8
CFA franc zone17.518.018.720.723.323.223.1
WAEMU15.516.016.516.417.217.718.0
CEMAC20.120.621.224.929.328.728.1
EAC-515.215.516.316.517.017.118.1
SADC23.323.224.326.128.127.428.0
SACU24.524.224.926.527.728.428.3
COMESA20.321.022.924.728.024.426.4
Resource-intensive countries23.623.126.028.530.426.028.4
Oil23.623.326.929.631.826.429.3
Non-oil22.922.723.224.224.524.424.0
Non-resource-intensive countries20.120.521.722.723.523.924.1
Coastal21.421.522.623.824.625.125.3
Landlocked13.514.515.816.117.117.117.4
MDRI13.815.015.616.016.416.717.1
Fixed exchange rate regime21.121.322.023.826.325.925.4
Floating exchange rate regime21.421.423.425.126.224.526.0
Sources: IMF, African Department database, October 1, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, October 1, 2007.
Table SA11.Government Expenditure(Central government; percent of GDP)
1997-2002200320042005200620072008
Oil-exporting countries27.124.522.021.121.622.822.0
Excluding Nigeria31.827.525.724.025.226.926.5
Angola57.444.338.533.331.632.330.1
Cameroon15.615.416.014.414.215.216.4
Chad18.321.914.413.116.323.125.9
Congo, Rep. of34.329.826.723.227.629.026.0
Equatorial Guinea17.315.619.318.222.225.426.1
Gabon31.322.822.622.822.521.219.6
Nigeria23.622.319.018.918.719.017.6
Middle-income countries26.726.426.726.927.027.728.2
Excluding South Africa34.835.134.632.832.934.534.0
Botswana38.239.437.132.931.035.233.3
Cape Verde39.931.135.636.436.235.334.3
Lesotho49.545.343.745.946.250.352.3
Mauritius24.626.625.625.125.523.524.2
Namibia35.535.934.734.135.137.237.2
Seychelles54.946.651.049.261.255.058.7
South Africa25.725.225.726.226.326.927.5
Swaziland31.029.936.134.735.738.537.9
Low-income countries22.023.724.324.225.126.326.3
Benin18.020.620.121.119.321.622.2
Burkina Faso22.320.421.421.723.325.024.4
Ethiopia24.129.725.125.225.427.728.3
Ghana28.428.833.330.733.833.731.6
Kenya22.323.422.523.724.624.026.8
Madagascar18.120.226.021.021.821.519.4
Malawi28.528.631.931.331.733.531.1
Mali21.822.124.025.225.726.325.9
Mozambique26.526.524.522.125.130.529.0
Niger17.418.020.820.419.023.523.2
Rwanda19.824.126.128.527.830.130.2
Senegal19.121.623.324.227.727.726.4
Tanzania15.718.620.422.924.226.526.8
Uganda20.823.123.321.320.621.421.4
Zambia29.930.926.625.722.725.224.3
Fragile countries17.819.219.420.421.520.421.2
Including Zimbabwe21.520.822.223.926.432.8
Burundi24.634.939.836.838.543.739.9
Central African Republic15.912.313.516.714.114.013.7
Comoros21.921.520.119.921.226.127.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. of10.514.416.320.422.619.020.6
Côte d’Ivoire19.720.420.119.920.620.520.9
Eritrea78.674.964.764.154.855.752.1
Gambia, The25.222.931.130.029.228.727.8
Guinea17.019.416.415.217.615.016.6
Guinea-Bissau36.438.549.442.241.340.438.7
Liberia10.915.114.514.223.725.0
São Tomé and Príncipe52.341.947.855.849.939.637.8
Sierra Leone23.426.724.824.622.825.525.9
Togo17.015.116.619.321.121.622.8
Zimbabwe32.425.341.549.658.664.9
Sub-Saharan Africa25.124.824.524.324.625.425.3
Including Zimbabwe25.224.924.724.524.926.2
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa24.725.325.224.625.526.626.5
Oil-importing countries24.425.025.425.726.026.727.0
Excluding South Africa23.024.625.124.925.626.426.4
CFA franc zone20.519.920.119.721.022.122.2
WAEMU19.820.521.421.822.823.623.5
CEMAC21.619.018.717.619.320.620.9
EAC-520.022.122.523.524.124.826.1
SADC26.926.827.027.027.128.028.1
SACU26.626.326.626.926.927.728.2
COMESA27.629.028.427.627.528.128.0
Resource-intensive countries26.925.523.222.022.323.422.7
Oil27.124.522.021.121.622.822.0
Non-oil26.428.226.825.725.026.326.0
Non-resource-intensive countries24.224.525.325.726.126.727.2
Coastal24.724.725.425.826.326.827.3
Landlocked21.423.624.224.725.026.026.1
MDRI21.022.523.322.923.625.224.8
Fixed exchange rate regime24.123.523.622.723.624.924.8
Floating exchange rate regime25.325.224.824.724.925.525.4
Sources: IMF, African Department database, October 1, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, October 1, 2007.
Table SA12.Broad Money(Percent of GDP)
1997-2002200320042005200620072008
Oil-exporting countries18.921.919.917.921.222.121.4
Excluding Nigeria15.116.015.214.816.818.317.7
Angola19.417.316.416.219.019.017.9
Cameroon14.117.718.117.617.918.118.2
Chad12.011.58.17.39.020.117.3
Congo, Rep. of14.314.013.614.315.721.120.5
Equatorial Guinea6.49.08.07.07.18.89.9
Gabon14.015.516.117.118.921.121.1
Nigeria21.526.423.620.324.825.525.2
Middle-income countries57.362.163.569.175.881.586.6
Excluding South Africa45.647.147.848.255.557.558.6
Botswana25.628.428.827.539.743.143.1
Cape Verde67.971.576.681.985.984.784.9
Lesotho31.329.227.828.634.734.734.7
Mauritius77.683.684.988.891.390.991.0
Namibia38.640.343.745.052.754.058.4
Seychelles90.6110.8125.0123.1117.8112.4116.8
South Africa58.864.165.471.578.184.389.8
Swaziland23.620.621.320.921.124.226.8
Low-income countries25.329.229.028.330.130.331.5
Benin28.029.426.529.832.431.831.8
Burkina Faso21.927.123.120.321.021.021.0
Ethiopia35.544.341.441.141.141.742.3
Ghana25.932.033.431.335.736.638.1
Kenya38.339.539.838.639.836.138.3
Madagascar21.321.921.618.319.520.822.8
Malawi15.114.916.015.414.214.714.8
Mali22.130.529.429.728.829.729.8
Mozambique24.528.325.627.627.728.328.9
Niger8.312.715.214.215.416.117.3
Rwanda17.018.517.818.317.720.220.4
Senegal23.432.134.134.036.539.441.9
Tanzania18.120.721.023.026.828.730.8
Uganda15.020.219.618.519.019.720.6
Zambia20.521.822.418.021.519.620.0
Fragile countries17.918.220.020.421.621.421.4
Including Zimbabwe23.329.223.028.134.7129.8
Burundi19.827.027.729.729.631.630.9
Central African Republic16.513.916.017.815.816.116.1
Comoros20.522.420.720.020.221.922.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. of6.05.98.38.110.19.310.0
Côte d’Ivoire23.722.123.724.125.025.325.3
Eritrea126.2141.8127.1124.3118.7118.0115.5
Gambia, The34.045.845.146.654.452.652.6
Guinea10.715.116.617.219.919.118.4
Guinea-Bissau38.722.030.533.034.339.237.3
Liberia15.218.721.223.424.925.3
São Tomé and Príncipe18.329.727.936.439.538.538.5
Sierra Leone16.520.519.621.521.721.521.7
Togo24.627.631.028.933.935.233.9
Zimbabwe36.658.743.884.8121.0410.1
Sub-Saharan Africa38.242.042.843.446.348.249.2
Including Zimbabwe38.242.442.843.847.056.0
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa24.326.626.325.527.227.727.5
Oil-importing countries43.748.550.754.158.260.964.3
Excluding South Africa26.629.830.330.132.332.433.4
CFA franc zone18.821.120.820.121.123.123.2
WAEMU22.725.826.326.327.628.529.0
CEMAC13.615.314.614.114.817.617.4
EAC-526.129.029.028.931.030.332.0
SADC49.453.454.958.261.964.765.9
SACU56.461.262.768.475.381.286.4
COMESA29.731.431.029.029.528.527.7
Resource-intensive countries20.322.821.519.622.923.723.1
Oil18.921.919.917.921.222.121.4
Non-oil23.725.126.726.230.530.831.4
Non-resource-intensive countries46.351.653.757.461.664.668.3
Coastal51.356.558.563.068.171.876.1
Landlocked20.024.123.723.423.924.625.3
MDRI21.125.525.324.926.527.328.2
Fixed exchange rate regime21.924.124.123.425.627.527.8
Floating exchange rate regime42.346.747.648.351.252.953.8
Sources: IMF, African Department database, October 1, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, October 1, 2007.
Table SA13.Broad Money Growth(Percent)
1997-2002200320042005200620072008
Oil-exporting countries36.922.818.323.738.517.616.0
Excluding Nigeria51.321.124.034.436.725.717.5
Angola252.167.549.859.759.628.823.0
Cameroon16.2-0.97.34.29.37.58.3
Chad7.5-3.13.319.732.3111.9-14.9
Congo, Rep. of10.9-2.417.437.237.714.111.9
Equatorial Guinea36.356.733.534.714.128.329.8
Gabon7.7-0.311.827.621.013.29.6
Nigeria28.024.114.016.039.910.714.5
Middle-income countries13.912.913.119.423.721.217.8
Excluding South Africa14.813.313.110.434.517.614.4
Botswana21.817.613.910.667.423.511.5
Cape Verde8.08.610.515.517.511.811.6
Lesotho8.76.03.39.135.411.412.9
Mauritius12.212.512.713.111.214.012.8
Namibia13.09.616.29.729.813.719.7
Seychelles15.46.014.01.73.05.624.3
South Africa13.812.913.120.522.521.718.2
Swaziland10.914.110.45.99.122.718.5
Low-income countries15.022.012.612.421.916.616.0
Benin13.36.6-6.721.816.35.28.4
Burkina Faso5.254.0-7.2-3.810.26.99.3
Ethiopia8.914.710.919.617.428.925.5
Ghana37.738.125.914.338.821.121.3
Kenya6.111.513.49.117.111.211.2
Madagascar14.36.318.44.624.624.625.3
Malawi31.129.329.814.317.418.313.6
Mali12.425.5-2.49.57.211.88.0
Mozambique28.218.75.927.123.416.215.4
Niger6.542.220.36.616.214.013.0
Rwanda14.215.212.116.711.228.110.9
Senegal10.331.512.97.412.718.216.0
Tanzania14.322.718.025.531.621.021.0
Uganda18.923.39.08.716.420.515.6
Zambia32.023.430.20.445.16.012.4
Fragile countries33.2-2.123.115.322.79.812.2
Including Zimbabwe51.453.139.341.170.9510.8
Burundi15.823.316.726.08.517.49.3
Central African Republic-2.7-8.014.216.5-4.28.96.9
Comoros11.4-1.1-6.33.14.215.09.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. of225.548.360.025.948.814.824.2
Côte d’Ivoire10.2-26.69.57.410.34.87.5
Eritrea26.812.911.411.915.322.124.8
Gambia, The22.543.418.313.126.28.010.5
Guinea14.935.337.037.259.416.615.1
Guinea-Bissau34.7-65.344.020.65.321.60.8
Liberia8.349.335.734.433.620.1
São Tomé and Príncipe36.643.97.445.939.325.017.6
Sierra Leone28.826.218.932.820.917.619.7
Togo3.311.418.31.422.19.01.6
Zimbabwe74.3413.5222.6520.01,416.651,656.2
Sub-Saharan Africa20.316.115.019.027.818.416.5
Including Zimbabwe23.120.516.120.530.534.8
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa24.416.617.218.727.918.816.0
Oil-importing countries15.913.913.817.123.118.816.8
Excluding South Africa18.515.214.812.623.915.415.1
CFA franc zone10.83.78.913.215.115.49.7
WAEMU9.34.36.27.211.89.39.6
CEMAC12.83.112.119.418.321.99.8
EAC-511.617.313.914.220.116.114.3
SADC22.717.116.722.328.921.718.9
SACU14.013.013.119.624.121.517.9
COMESA38.725.124.923.133.820.819.4
Resource-intensive countries30.316.217.920.737.616.415.3
Oil36.922.818.323.738.517.616.0
Non-oil15.6-0.616.79.934.011.111.7
Non-resource-intensive countries16.016.013.518.021.819.817.4
Coastal14.014.213.318.922.420.017.5
Landlocked27.627.114.312.618.318.516.9
MDRI17.020.011.711.920.916.415.8
Fixed exchange rate regime11.75.69.712.519.516.010.6
Floating exchange rate regime22.619.016.320.629.819.017.8
Sources: IMF, African Department database, October 1, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, October 1, 2007.
Table SA14.Claims on Nonfinancial Private Sector(Percent of broad money)
1997-2002200320042005200620072008
Oil-exporting countries58.055.056.560.056.665.465.9
Excluding Nigeria51.548.644.442.143.745.348.3
Angola21.132.235.234.742.045.247.3
Cameroon60.361.056.959.755.755.858.7
Chad50.253.849.348.445.720.927.0
Congo, Rep. of53.528.225.118.614.914.614.4
Equatorial Guinea62.033.230.333.640.648.759.3
Gabon80.975.561.353.653.757.159.4
Nigeria62.759.766.173.867.183.883.5
Middle-income countries104.1100.4101.7101.4102.9103.4104.5
Excluding South Africa68.375.279.883.272.672.070.5
Botswana57.266.572.370.150.349.649.6
Cape Verde47.350.950.347.547.148.749.8
Lesotho57.323.825.731.326.326.326.3
Mauritius70.568.565.265.867.367.269.5
Namibia102.4123.6128.2139.7125.5124.5117.1
Seychelles19.323.827.230.828.732.831.1
South Africa108.7103.7104.4103.5106.3107.0108.3
Swaziland59.275.789.3101.898.098.094.2
Low-income countries51.245.748.954.656.659.461.4
Benin33.049.255.054.351.953.753.6
Burkina Faso53.550.761.279.282.084.986.3
Ethiopia49.534.334.545.750.651.650.6
Ghana52.848.949.258.859.665.571.8
Kenya71.058.964.665.463.665.965.5
Madagascar43.340.246.555.052.149.249.9
Malawi34.026.929.430.744.751.151.2
Mali68.261.465.174.891.397.7105.7
Mozambique66.844.439.548.851.257.764.7
Niger53.542.843.348.755.260.658.4
Rwanda56.360.559.560.666.960.862.6
Senegal71.461.359.368.763.558.955.9
Tanzania24.729.937.137.338.543.049.6
Uganda42.236.139.641.245.746.749.9
Zambia50.033.738.445.246.251.955.3
Fragile countries50.647.846.245.344.146.2
Including Zimbabwe60.057.848.443.742.853.9
Burundi94.294.285.061.570.867.364.6
Central African Republic37.051.250.042.145.943.842.8
Comoros42.436.135.033.529.426.628.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. of14.616.119.324.025.929.928.9
Côte d’Ivoire67.361.860.657.256.259.960.9
Eritrea34.926.628.429.728.026.425.3
Gambia, The38.043.030.932.232.232.232.1
Guinea48.440.932.234.629.731.130.5
Guinea-Bissau19.08.85.26.411.516.117.6
Liberia63.656.747.147.941.542.1
São Tomé and Príncipe21.327.656.955.458.757.0
Sierra Leone15.920.324.521.721.321.621.4
Togo63.062.254.960.649.948.152.0
Zimbabwe84.184.863.931.434.273.8
Sub-Saharan Africa74.873.676.377.075.778.8
Including Zimbabwe74.873.976.276.775.478.7
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa52.150.451.252.952.454.2
Oil-importing countries81.579.883.184.184.785.2
Excluding South Africa53.550.953.657.556.658.7
CFA franc zone60.457.054.255.054.555.858.3
WAEMU61.357.558.663.064.066.167.0
CEMAC62.156.349.347.045.345.449.5
EAC-551.746.551.652.153.856.558.4
SADC90.286.889.388.187.987.787.3
SACU105.7101.8103.0102.6104.1104.7105.7
COMESA50.847.350.452.153.054.454.2
Resource-intensive countries59.657.358.861.457.064.5
Oil58.055.056.560.056.665.465.9
Non-oil63.763.966.066.858.960.6
Non-resource-intensive countries84.181.985.286.287.988.289.6
Coastal93.489.091.892.093.593.795.3
Landlocked46.441.044.451.156.057.958.6
MDRI49.445.647.453.254.857.259.9
Fixed exchange rate regime62.461.060.261.358.058.860.4
Floating exchange rate regime81.277.080.480.979.883.3
Sources: IMF, African Department database, October 1, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, October 1, 2007.
Table SA15.Exports of Goods and Services(Percent of GDP)
1997-2002200320042005200620072008
Oil-exporting countries46.451.155.760.260.757.156.9
Excluding Nigeria51.952.957.465.765.662.263.4
Angola75.069.669.779.373.869.169.6
Cameroon24.724.022.723.526.023.923.0
Chad16.824.651.553.556.457.458.1
Congo, Rep. of77.280.878.884.687.378.378.5
Equatorial Guinea98.196.497.396.894.592.590.5
Gabon58.355.262.267.665.962.863.3
Nigeria42.749.754.455.956.652.450.4
Middle-income countries30.730.829.430.232.535.535.1
Excluding South Africa53.550.851.453.555.857.655.6
Botswana49.744.345.250.850.353.048.6
Cape Verde26.531.432.036.742.545.247.0
Lesotho34.550.054.749.650.850.650.7
Mauritius61.258.455.557.260.658.758.8
Namibia45.037.241.040.946.649.246.2
Seychelles72.195.197.899.2111.0138.5171.5
South Africa27.828.126.727.529.832.932.8
Swaziland82.282.983.380.881.283.381.2
Low-income countries20.521.724.223.925.024.524.4
Benin14.913.714.313.010.811.712.9
Burkina Faso10.18.610.710.011.910.611.1
Ethiopia12.614.215.816.315.816.216.4
Ghana39.240.739.336.138.635.736.5
Kenya22.323.726.627.924.724.526.0
Madagascar23.923.132.626.929.925.723.1
Malawi25.519.520.619.618.818.816.7
Mali25.626.024.625.630.628.326.7
Mozambique19.828.231.031.737.338.134.9
Niger16.815.717.916.315.314.916.4
Rwanda7.48.310.310.611.911.611.3
Senegal28.226.627.227.225.824.524.5
Tanzania14.616.720.422.224.124.025.2
Uganda11.812.014.213.814.415.615.6
Zambia28.929.038.234.337.542.138.1
Fragile countries31.735.437.440.440.438.037.5
Including Zimbabwe29.230.638.140.739.630.5
Burundi7.78.49.611.510.59.413.3
Central African Republic19.212.912.812.413.914.414.2
Comoros15.215.812.712.511.712.412.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. of22.026.130.334.031.731.731.4
Côte d’Ivoire42.245.848.651.151.348.747.1
Eritrea14.99.610.16.55.24.43.7
Gambia, The51.766.171.462.361.357.358.4
Guinea22.922.321.028.334.925.527.1
Guinea-Bissau25.130.030.932.322.929.530.1
Liberia38.836.136.448.355.765.4
São Tomé and Príncipe19.620.618.718.519.117.317.1
Sierra Leone15.723.223.024.125.025.822.6
Togo32.743.341.240.340.540.641.7
Zimbabwe29.117.642.642.734.711.2
Sub-Saharan Africa31.934.235.638.440.540.440.8
Including Zimbabwe31.533.735.738.440.439.8
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa32.734.838.442.043.341.943.3
Oil-importing countries27.728.628.729.331.032.332.0
Excluding South Africa27.729.231.531.832.531.631.1
CFA franc zone35.136.240.043.544.941.741.5
WAEMU30.130.331.531.932.230.430.0
CEMAC41.743.649.555.157.053.153.2
EAC-516.718.421.322.221.621.822.9
SADC31.232.031.934.437.239.840.7
SACU29.629.728.529.431.634.634.2
COMESA32.735.339.643.944.544.146.6
Resource-intensive countries44.548.052.456.957.855.054.6
Oil46.451.155.760.260.757.156.9
Non-oil39.339.242.044.545.645.743.2
Non-resource-intensive countries26.227.227.027.529.130.730.7
Coastal27.628.327.728.330.332.232.3
Landlocked18.620.522.722.422.722.221.9
MDRI20.721.723.523.225.224.523.9
Fixed exchange rate regime38.238.742.045.246.544.443.8
Floating exchange rate regime30.433.034.036.839.139.540.1
Sources: IMF, African Department database, October 1, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, October 1, 2007.
Table SA16.Imports of Goods and Services(Percent of GDP)
1997-2002200320042005200620072008
Oil-exporting countries41.043.440.437.435.738.735.7
Excluding Nigeria46.445.843.741.037.038.736.5
Angola72.263.153.749.437.939.936.2
Cameroon23.223.425.025.426.726.626.6
Chad50.359.358.544.341.941.644.3
Congo, Rep. of57.154.253.348.445.948.746.0
Equatorial Guinea105.176.158.847.650.255.653.3
Gabon37.331.032.028.229.832.430.9
Nigeria37.241.537.734.634.638.734.9
Middle-income countries28.928.829.931.135.438.738.7
Excluding South Africa58.651.252.953.954.857.759.7
Botswana41.033.637.235.230.833.439.0
Cape Verde61.267.469.564.771.176.380.5
Lesotho100.6103.2102.499.097.899.796.9
Mauritius62.357.455.061.667.468.568.1
Namibia53.243.845.044.546.548.148.0
Seychelles84.384.095.8125.7133.5171.6201.7
South Africa25.125.827.028.433.236.636.3
Swaziland97.080.984.984.886.390.588.8
Low-income countries31.132.435.637.238.138.539.0
Benin27.026.526.623.121.922.623.2
Burkina Faso24.521.724.324.525.525.224.7
Ethiopia23.629.233.438.441.739.237.7
Ghana56.152.760.461.764.160.561.3
Kenya28.028.232.635.234.735.038.1
Madagascar30.732.147.541.141.047.347.9
Malawi38.236.238.846.342.538.735.8
Mali33.633.232.934.233.632.530.7
Mozambique37.744.039.341.542.044.542.8
Niger24.825.828.830.929.032.131.2
Rwanda24.427.628.631.031.534.032.6
Senegal36.238.739.942.744.242.942.2
Tanzania24.723.526.230.436.538.239.8
Uganda23.226.727.727.130.130.132.3
Zambia40.441.542.637.429.034.033.6
Fragile countries30.133.437.143.042.040.941.7
Including Zimbabwe28.330.038.944.341.432.7
Burundi18.327.733.939.748.047.544.5
Central African Republic24.017.218.821.120.921.021.3
Comoros34.331.832.634.735.636.136.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. of21.228.434.445.742.041.142.7
Côte d’Ivoire33.234.939.443.641.040.240.2
Eritrea74.0100.588.655.742.339.527.4
Gambia, The60.779.0104.399.189.693.091.6
Guinea26.424.625.431.539.633.638.2
Guinea-Bissau47.944.147.149.953.749.946.8
Liberia50.281.795.6122.3131.9147.9
São Tomé and Príncipe50.353.152.756.682.872.972.1
Sierra Leone28.440.834.237.234.837.337.6
Togo45.657.356.257.260.161.763.1
Zimbabwe29.420.751.353.737.311.6
Sub-Saharan Africa32.133.534.234.836.438.837.9
Including Zimbabwe31.733.234.334.936.438.2
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa37.238.040.241.039.940.640.2
Oil-importing countries29.730.332.033.736.738.839.1
Excluding South Africa34.935.638.941.041.341.642.4
CFA franc zone34.035.036.736.336.336.836.3
WAEMU32.533.535.837.837.036.636.2
CEMAC36.036.737.734.835.736.936.4
EAC-525.626.529.532.034.435.037.2
SADC30.831.232.133.535.939.038.3
SACU27.527.628.930.034.337.537.5
COMESA38.840.642.843.940.141.139.9
Resource-intensive countries39.841.440.037.835.938.636.3
Oil41.043.440.437.435.738.735.7
Non-oil37.135.738.639.736.738.039.4
Non-resource-intensive countries28.729.531.233.036.738.939.0
Coastal28.529.030.532.036.339.039.2
Landlocked29.632.535.738.839.238.337.8
MDRI30.431.834.435.837.037.437.4
Fixed exchange rate regime38.637.839.939.339.139.940.0
Floating exchange rate regime30.532.332.733.735.738.537.4
Sources: IMF, African Department database, October 1, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, October 1, 2007.
Table SA17.Trade Balance(Percent of GDP)
1997-2002200320042005200620072008
Oil-exporting countries18.119.627.433.833.727.330.2
Excluding Nigeria23.022.530.641.041.736.539.3
Angola36.428.938.651.449.343.446.1
Cameroon3.71.9-0.40.22.00.2-0.3
Chad-17.9-6.529.838.742.543.042.7
Congo, Rep. of47.551.549.959.361.949.150.3
Equatorial Guinea40.953.564.067.662.953.153.1
Gabon34.735.241.949.446.541.843.1
Nigeria14.617.524.928.227.118.921.0
Middle-income countries2.11.5-0.4-0.7-2.3-3.0-3.8
Excluding South Africa-5.1-3.0-3.0-2.0-0.9-2.5-7.0
Botswana11.810.88.515.418.518.89.1
Cape Verde-35.5-37.8-41.0-34.9-42.0-47.8-51.8
Lesotho-65.2-49.8-44.9-46.1-44.7-46.1-44.4
Mauritius-7.7-5.8-6.3-11.3-13.2-16.9-17.0
Namibia-5.9-10.3-5.1-4.4-0.8-0.2-3.4
Seychelles-29.6-13.0-22.2-41.4-37.1-51.4-54.9
South Africa3.02.1-0.1-0.5-2.5-3.0-3.4
Swaziland-5.65.45.92.83.41.3-1.0
Low-income countries-8.7-9.1-10.5-12.5-12.4-13.4-14.2
Benin-10.4-11.3-11.0-9.6-10.2-10.0-9.2
Burkina Faso-10.4-8.9-9.1-9.9-9.1-9.5-8.9
Ethiopia-12.8-17.1-20.9-24.5-27.0-24.8-23.9
Ghana-15.1-10.3-17.0-23.7-23.5-24.0-23.4
Kenya-7.7-7.7-10.0-11.2-14.3-14.8-16.5
Madagascar-3.1-3.5-10.1-11.8-9.8-17.2-19.0
Malawi-4.8-10.5-11.8-19.6-17.4-14.3-13.9
Mali0.6-1.3-2.4-2.72.50.80.1
Mozambique-16.9-14.5-9.0-10.6-6.3-6.6-8.3
Niger-2.8-5.2-5.1-8.8-8.3-11.4-9.1
Rwanda-9.3-10.7-9.7-11.6-11.7-14.1-13.7
Senegal-7.6-11.8-12.3-15.1-18.0-18.1-17.9
Tanzania-7.9-6.3-7.6-9.0-13.3-16.0-16.3
Uganda-7.2-10.0-9.9-9.6-11.7-10.6-12.8
Zambia-5.3-7.0-0.50.110.810.56.9
Fragile countries7.58.16.23.34.53.42.2
Including Zimbabwe5.55.74.61.93.82.5
Burundi-7.3-15.3-15.2-18.4-19.9-25.5-19.8
Central African Republic2.40.9-1.6-3.2-1.8-1.5-1.9
Comoros-15.3-12.4-17.1-20.8-21.6-20.8-20.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. of6.12.10.9-5.7-4.9-3.2-4.5
Côte d’Ivoire15.718.516.614.617.716.014.5
Eritrea-55.4-80.4-70.7-44.1-33.4-31.1-20.6
Gambia, The-14.1-14.6-39.1-45.6-40.0-46.1-47.4
Guinea3.24.20.72.72.2-1.9-4.1
Guinea-Bissau-9.7-3.6-2.7-5.5-19.3-10.2-7.1
Liberia-4.9-33.3-43.8-53.9-54.3-53.7
São Tomé and Príncipe-23.2-26.9-29.9-33.6-54.0-47.0-46.6
Sierra Leone-6.1-14.8-8.3-12.1-8.7-10.0-13.5
Togo-10.2-9.4-13.0-16.4-19.3-20.7-21.4
Zimbabwe1.1-1.0-6.5-8.6-0.90.0
Sub-Saharan Africa3.74.25.27.47.65.16.4
Including Zimbabwe3.64.05.17.37.55.0
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa1.01.83.96.98.66.58.4
Oil-importing countries-0.6-0.9-2.5-3.6-4.7-5.6-6.5
Excluding South Africa-4.6-4.6-5.8-7.8-7.5-8.8-10.2
CFA franc zone8.79.212.215.717.113.013.1
WAEMU2.41.60.4-1.5-0.4-1.7-2.0
CEMAC16.918.725.432.933.927.828.3
EAC-5-7.7-8.0-9.3-10.4-13.5-14.4-15.6
SADC2.72.21.63.23.63.45.0
SACU2.71.90.0-0.2-1.8-2.3-3.1
COMESA-0.8-1.11.86.18.98.112.2
Resource-intensive countries15.216.422.528.529.624.326.3
Oil18.119.627.433.833.727.330.2
Non-oil7.67.57.28.212.111.17.3
Non-resource-intensive countries-1.7-2.0-3.7-5.0-6.8-7.7-8.1
Coastal-0.6-0.9-2.8-3.7-5.8-6.8-7.3
Landlocked-6.9-8.4-9.6-12.5-12.5-12.3-12.5
MDRI-7.0-7.7-9.0-10.8-9.9-11.1-11.7
Fixed exchange rate regime6.06.89.212.714.310.910.0
Floating exchange rate regime3.13.54.16.16.03.85.7
Sources: IMF, African Department database, October 1, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, October 1, 2007.
Table SA18.External Current Account, Including Grants(Percent of GDP)
1997-2002200320042005200620072008
Oil-exporting countries-3.5-4.22.58.813.03.67.0
Excluding Nigeria-6.6-6.1-1.18.313.85.67.9
Angola-12.7-5.23.516.823.37.610.7
Cameroon-3.1-1.8-3.8-3.3-0.7-1.5-3.1
Chad-31.0-47.2-12.0-5.5-6.3-1.0-3.1
Congo, Rep. of-8.01.52.011.212.84.96.8
Equatorial Guinea-33.9-33.3-21.9-5.54.43.46.3
Gabon7.09.511.220.219.715.216.7
Nigeria-1.3-2.75.39.312.21.86.0
Middle-income countries-0.2-0.6-2.5-3.1-5.0-5.2-5.4
Excluding South Africa1.73.42.85.18.68.23.2
Botswana8.55.62.914.419.320.610.0
Cape Verde-10.6-11.1-14.3-3.4-6.5-12.6-16.7
Lesotho-21.6-12.3-5.5-7.04.41.60.7
Mauritius0.62.40.8-3.5-5.3-8.8-7.6
Namibia4.65.19.57.215.018.512.8
Seychelles-15.76.4-0.3-27.6-23.2-30.4-32.4
South Africa-0.5-1.1-3.2-4.0-6.5-6.7-6.4
Swaziland-2.56.53.11.61.60.2-1.1
Low-income countries-6.6-5.0-5.0-6.3-6.5-7.0-7.4
Benin-7.0-8.3-7.2-6.2-6.4-6.3-6.1
Burkina Faso-9.8-8.9-10.4-11.4-10.3-11.4-10.9
Ethiopia-3.7-1.4-4.2-6.8-10.4-5.9-3.0
Ghana-7.41.7-2.7-7.0-9.7-9.7-7.7
Kenya-2.1-0.20.1-0.8-2.4-3.7-5.1
Madagascar-5.3-4.9-9.1-10.9-8.6-19.7-23.5
Malawi-7.5-7.2-7.3-11.6-6.2-3.0-2.9
Mali-7.5-6.2-8.4-8.3-4.9-4.5-4.7
Mozambique-17.6-15.1-8.6-10.7-7.8-9.1-8.8
Niger-6.3-8.3-7.8-9.4-8.6-11.0-10.8
Rwanda-7.4-7.8-3.0-3.2-7.5-7.3-6.5
Senegal-4.9-6.1-6.1-7.8-10.1-9.6-9.8
Tanzania-7.2-4.7-3.9-4.5-8.6-10.6-10.8
Uganda-6.1-5.8-1.2-2.1-4.1-2.4-6.3
Zambia-15.0-14.8-11.8-10.00.5-0.5-2.0
Fragile countries-2.80.0-1.2-4.1-2.4-3.2-4.8
Including Zimbabwe-2.6-0.8-2.1-4.9-2.6-2.6
Burundi-4.7-4.6-8.1-9.6-12.0-14.2-11.4
Central African Republic-2.5-2.1-1.8-6.5-3.8-3.4-4.3
Comoros-5.3-3.1-2.9-3.4-5.6-3.7-4.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. of-4.01.0-2.4-10.6-7.5-8.1-10.9
Côte d’Ivoire-0.42.11.60.23.02.61.3
Eritrea-4.67.65.60.4-2.1-3.7-1.9
Gambia, The-3.3-7.1-11.0-25.5-19.8-21.8-18.6
Guinea-5.6-3.4-5.8-4.5-5.9-8.7-12.0
Guinea-Bissau-12.7-2.83.1-7.3-12.2-12.7-5.0
Liberia-14.1-5.6-9.4-28.3-24.3-43.4
São Tomé and Príncipe-15.9-11.4-13.8-19.4-45.9-41.2-42.0
Sierra Leone-3.1-4.8-5.8-7.1-5.7-6.7-10.0
Togo-6.9-4.2-3.0-5.3-6.0-6.4-6.3
Zimbabwe-1.7-2.9-8.3-11.2-4.0-0.9
Sub-Saharan Africa-2.6-2.4-1.6-0.30.6-2.6-1.4
Including Zimbabwe-2.6-2.4-1.7-0.30.6-2.5
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa-4.9-3.4-2.4-0.32.2-0.9-0.4
Oil-importing countries-2.4-1.8-3.1-4.0-5.2-5.6-6.0
Excluding South Africa-4.6-2.6-2.9-4.0-3.5-4.2-5.5
CFA franc zone-4.4-4.9-3.8-1.50.5-0.7-0.7
WAEMU-4.3-3.7-4.1-5.3-4.2-4.6-5.0
CEMAC-4.6-6.4-3.52.25.13.23.5
EAC-5-4.7-3.1-1.6-2.4-4.8-5.5-6.9
SADC-2.0-1.7-2.6-2.0-1.7-3.7-3.0
SACU-0.1-0.6-2.6-3.0-4.9-5.0-5.3
COMESA-4.9-2.5-0.71.45.10.01.3
Resource-intensive countries-2.5-3.02.07.511.74.16.2
Oil-3.5-4.22.58.813.03.67.0
Non-oil-0.60.50.32.26.56.32.4
Non-resource-intensive countries-2.6-2.1-3.5-4.8-6.7-7.1-7.0
Coastal-2.0-1.7-3.3-4.4-6.6-7.3-7.1
Landlocked-6.0-4.1-4.7-7.1-6.9-5.9-6.3
MDRI-6.9-5.3-5.7-6.8-6.4-6.9-7.3
Fixed exchange rate regime-3.1-3.1-2.40.22.71.70.5
Floating exchange rate regime-2.5-2.2-1.5-0.40.1-3.6-1.8
Sources: IMF, African Department database, October 1, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, October 1, 2007.
Table SA19.External Current Account, Excluding Grants(Percent of GDP)
1997-2002200320042005200620072008
Oil-exporting countries-3.7-4.32.48.713.03.67.0
Excluding Nigeria-7.3-6.7-1.47.813.75.47.8
Angola-13.8-5.93.416.723.77.911.0
Cameroon-3.4-2.4-4.0-3.8-1.3-2.7