Chapter

Statistical Appendix

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
Published Date:
April 2007
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Estimates and projections used in this report are based on data provided by IMF country desks as of March 29, 2007. Projections are staff estimates. The database covers 44 countries of the African Department; Eritrea and Liberia are not included in aggregate groupings because of data limitations. The rest of the data are consistent with those underlying the April 2007 World Economic Outlook (WEO).

While data follow established international statistical methodologies to the extent possible, variable choice may be determined by country-specific definitions. The coverage and definitions of data for different countries are therefore not always comparable. Moreover, many countries are not yet able to compile high-quality data.

Sub-Saharan Africa: Country Groupings1
Resource IntensiveNon-Resource Intensive
OilNon-oilCoastalLandlocked
AngolaBotswwanaBenin *Burkina Faso *
Cameroon *GuineaCape VerdeBurundi
ChadNamibiaComorosCentral African Republic
Côte d'IvoireSão Tomé and PríncipeGambiaCongo, Dem. Rep. Of
Congo, Rep. ofSierra Leone *Ghana *Ethiopia *
Equatorial GuineaZambia *Guinea-BissauLesotho
GabonKenyaMalawi *
NigeriaMadagascar *Mali *
MauritiusNiger *
Mozambique *Rwanda *
Senegal *Swaziland
SeychellesUganda *
South AfricaZimbabwe
Tanzania *
Togo
Note: Asterisk (*) marks countries that have reached the completion point under the enhanced HIPC Initiative and have qualified for MDRI relief.

Data and Conventions

For Tables SA12, SA7, SA21, and SA22, country group composites are calculated as the arithmetic average of data for individual countries, weighted by GDP valued at purchasing power parity (PPP) as a share of the total group GDP. The source of PPP weights is the WEO database.

For Tables SA34, SA6, SA812, SA1420, and SA2325, country group composites are calculated as the arithmetic average of data for individual countries, weighted by GDP in U.S. dollars at market exchange rates as a share of total group GDP.

For Table SA5, country group composites are calculated as the geometric average of data for individual countries, weighted by GDP valued at PPP as a share of the total group GDP. The source of PPP weights is the WEO database.

For Table SA13, country group composites are calculated as the geometric average of data for individual countries, weighted by GDP in U.S. dollars at market exchange rates as a share of total group GDP.

WAEMU is the West African Economic and Monetary Union. CEMAC is the Central African Economic and Monetary Community. SADC is the Southern African Development Community. COMESA is the Common Market of Eastern and Southern Africa.

List of Tables

Table SA1.Real GDP Growth(Percent)
1997-2001200220032004200520062007
Oil-exporting countries4.24.47.38.77.95.611.6
Angola3.014.53.311.220.615.335.3
Cameroon4.64.04.03.72.03.54.0
Chad4.58.514.733.68.61.3−1.2
Congo, Rep. of2.44.60.83.67.76.43.7
Côte d'Ivoire1.5−1.6−1.71.61.51.41.7
Equatorial Guinea57.324.712.533.96.51.07.1
Gabon0.1−0.32.41.13.01.04.7
Nigeria2.71.510.76.07.25.38.2
Oil-importing countries2.83.33.15.25.45.35.2
Benin5.24.53.93.12.94.14.7
Botswana8.25.66.36.06.24.24.3
Burkina Faso5.94.78.04.67.16.46.5
Burundi1.14.4−1.24.80.95.15.5
Cape Verde8.35.34.74.45.85.86.5
Central African Republic3.4−0.6−7.61.32.23.54.0
Comoros2.44.12.5−0.24.21.23.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. of−4.13.55.86.66.55.16.5
Eritrea1.20.63.92.04.82.01.3
Ethiopia3.81.2−3.513.110.310.66.5
Gambia, The5.8−3.26.97.05.16.57.0
Ghana4.24.55.25.65.96.26.3
Guinea4.14.21.22.73.32.82.5
Guinea-Bissau−1.1−7.1−0.62.23.22.75.0
Kenya2.30.32.84.55.86.06.2
Lesotho0.52.83.03.83.75.65.1
Liberian.a.31.8−33.9−5.29.59.713.3
Madagascar4.6−12.79.85.34.64.75.6
Malawi1.62.13.95.12.18.55.7
Mali5.14.37.22.46.14.65.9
Mauritius5.71.53.84.73.03.74.1
Mozambique9.28.27.97.57.88.56.8
Namibia3.46.73.56.64.24.64.8
Niger3.73.04.5−0.76.83.44.1
Rwanda8.69.40.94.06.04.24.7
São Tomé and Príncipe2.64.14.03.86.08.07.0
Senegal4.60.76.75.65.53.35.6
Seychelles3.71.2−5.9−2.91.24.55.0
Sierra Leone−0.927.49.57.47.37.46.5
South Africa2.53.73.14.85.15.04.7
Swaziland2.82.92.92.12.32.11.2
Tanzania4.47.25.76.76.85.97.3
Togo0.2−0.25.22.31.21.82.9
Uganda5.56.94.45.76.75.46.2
Zambia2.43.35.15.45.26.06.0
Zimbabwe−2.4−4.4−10.4−3.8−5.3−4.8−5.7
Sub-Saharan Africa3.13.54.06.06.05.46.7
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa3.84.03.37.16.55.87.8
CFA franc zone5.84.25.18.64.73.14.4
WAEMU3.61.54.33.04.63.64.7
CEMAC8.87.56.015.14.72.44.1
SADC2.33.73.15.15.75.57.1
COMESA2.02.91.36.77.67.010.3
Resource intensive countries4.34.96.98.27.55.510.5
Oil4.24.47.38.77.95.611.6
Non-oil5.17.04.85.95.65.15.0
Non-resource intensive countries2.73.02.95.25.45.45.2
Coastal2.93.23.74.95.25.25.1
Landlocked1.92.60.76.06.16.05.3
MDRI5.14.14.36.97.06.96.5
Fixed exchange rate regime4.43.23.16.73.82.63.6
Floating exchange rate regime2.83.64.25.86.56.17.4
Sources: IMF, African Department database, March 29, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, March 29, 2007.
Table SA2.Real Non-Oil GDP Growth(Percent)
1997-2001200220032004200520062007
Oil-exporting countries6.95.64.26.66.99.814.4
Angola8.83.17.810.01.023.748.3
Cameroon5.54.94.94.92.93.14.0
Chad4.16.96.02.111.65.15.9
Congo, Rep. of1.78.55.45.25.36.36.5
Côte d'Ivoire1.5−1.9−2.21.50.90.21.3
Equatorial Guinea12.012.37.812.618.116.913.5
Gabon2.90.20.91.84.34.54.6
Nigeria3.78.04.47.48.68.97.5
Oil-importing countries2.83.33.15.25.45.45.2
Benin5.24.53.93.12.94.14.7
Botswana5.77.27.03.63.95.65.7
Burkina Faso5.94.78.04.67.16.46.5
Burundi1.14.4−1.24.80.95.15.5
Cape Verde8.35.34.74.45.85.86.5
Central African Republic3.4−0.6−7.61.32.23.54.0
Comoros2.44.12.5−0.24.21.23.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. of−4.13.55.86.66.55.16.5
Eritrea1.20.63.92.04.82.01.3
Ethiopia3.81.2−3.513.110.310.66.5
Gambia, The5.8−3.26.97.05.16.57.0
Ghana4.24.55.25.65.96.26.3
Guinea4.14.21.22.73.32.82.5
Guinea-Bissau1.5−7.1−0.62.23.22.75.0
Kenya2.30.32.84.55.86.06.2
Lesotho1.12.83.03.83.75.65.1
Liberian.a.31.8−33.9−5.29.59.713.3
Madagascar4.6−12.79.85.34.64.75.6
Malawi1.62.13.95.12.18.55.7
Mali5.14.37.22.26.46.75.8
Mauritius5.71.53.84.73.03.74.1
Mozambique9.28.27.97.57.88.56.8
Namibia3.46.73.56.64.24.64.8
Niger3.73.04.5−0.76.83.44.1
Rwanda8.69.40.94.06.04.24.7
São Tomé and Príncipe2.64.14.03.86.08.07.0
Senegal4.60.76.75.65.53.35.6
Seychelles3.71.2−5.9−2.91.24.55.0
Sierra Leone−0.927.49.57.47.37.46.5
South Africa2.53.73.14.85.15.04.7
Swaziland2.82.92.92.12.32.11.2
Tanzania4.47.25.76.76.85.97.3
Togo0.2−0.25.22.31.21.82.9
Uganda5.56.94.45.76.75.46.2
Zambia2.43.35.15.45.26.06.0
Zimbabwe−2.4−4.4−10.4−3.8−5.3−4.8−5.7
Sub-Saharan Africa4.33.83.35.55.76.47.4
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa5.63.23.45.75.67.09.3
CFA franc zone5.73.34.24.36.35.25.7
WAEMU3.71.44.13.04.53.64.6
CEMAC7.35.74.45.78.47.07.0
SADC2.43.23.44.94.66.08.1
COMESA2.51.71.86.65.18.212.5
Resource intensive countries6.66.04.46.36.59.112.9
Oil6.95.64.26.66.99.814.4
Non-oil4.37.55.05.14.85.65.5
Non-resource intensive countries2.73.02.95.25.45.45.2
Coastal3.03.23.74.95.25.25.1
Landlocked1.92.60.76.06.26.15.3
MDRI6.84.24.47.07.17.06.5
Fixed exchange rate regime4.02.82.63.44.84.34.7
Floating exchange rate regime3.14.13.56.05.96.98.0
Sources: IMF, African Department database, March 29, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, March 29, 2007.
Table SA3.Real Per Capita GDP Growth(Percent)
1997-2001200220032004200520062007
Oil-exporting countries1.31.74.46.05.23.08.8
Angola0.111.30.48.017.212.131.5
Cameroon1.8−0.21.20.9−0.70.71.2
Chad2.05.84.830.45.9−1.2−3.6
Congo, Rep. of−0.51.6−2.00.74.73.40.7
Côte d'Ivoire−0.9−3.2−3.20.0−0.3−0.10.2
Equatorial Guinea45.821.29.330.13.5−1.94.1
Gabon−2.3−2.7−0.1−1.40.5−1.52.1
Nigeria−0.1−1.27.73.24.62.75.5
Oil-importing countries0.91.51.33.53.73.63.4
Benin2.10.02.00.10.01.11.4
Botswana6.85.16.16.16.64.85.2
Burkina Faso3.30.64.61.44.64.04.1
Burundi−1.00.7−4.02.8−1.13.13.4
Cape Verde5.83.42.82.53.83.84.6
Central African Republic1.4−2.5−9.4−0.70.21.52.0
Comoros0.42.00.4−2.32.1−0.80.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. of−6.10.72.83.53.32.03.4
Eritrea−1.5−1.81.3−0.52.3−0.4−1.1
Ethiopia0.8−1.5−6.110.17.37.63.6
Gambia, The2.3−6.13.94.12.33.74.2
Ghana1.61.92.63.03.23.63.7
Guinea1.41.1−2.30.10.2−0.2−0.5
Guinea-Bissau−5.8−9.9−3.6−0.80.2−0.32.0
Kenya0.0−1.80.72.43.84.14.4
Lesotho−1.11.00.81.91.83.73.2
Liberian.a.29.9−34.3−5.78.17.110.7
Madagascar1.5−15.26.72.31.71.92.7
Malawi−1.0−1.71.62.80.16.43.6
Mali2.61.94.80.13.72.23.5
Mauritius4.60.42.73.72.22.93.3
Mozambique6.96.05.95.65.36.14.4
Namibia0.85.02.15.33.03.83.9
Niger0.4−0.11.3−3.63.60.31.0
Rwanda3.27.1−1.91.20.72.42.8
São Tomé and Príncipe0.42.01.92.03.95.94.9
Senegal2.1−1.74.13.13.00.83.1
Seychelles3.5−0.7−7.7−3.71.12.64.9
Sierra Leone−3.524.26.74.64.54.73.8
South Africa1.02.52.13.84.13.93.7
Swaziland0.20.30.5−0.10.40.3−0.3
Tanzania1.95.13.64.44.54.05.2
Togo−3.2−3.02.4−0.3−1.4−0.80.2
Uganda2.33.40.92.13.01.82.5
Zambia0.20.92.72.92.73.53.5
Zimbabwe−2.0−4.1−11.3−3.6−5.3−4.8−5.7
Sub-Saharan Africa1.01.52.04.14.03.44.7
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa1.21.40.74.63.93.35.2
CFA franc zone2.81.12.05.92.00.51.7
WAEMU0.8−1.31.80.52.01.22.1
CEMAC5.44.22.412.11.9−0.31.3
SADC0.72.31.83.84.44.15.6
COMESA−0.30.5−1.24.24.84.57.6
Resource intensive countries1.52.24.15.74.93.17.9
Oil1.31.74.46.05.23.08.8
Non-oil2.64.82.74.23.93.53.5
Non-resource intensive countries0.81.31.23.53.73.63.4
Coastal1.21.72.33.53.83.73.7
Landlocked−0.40.1−2.03.33.23.22.5
MDRI2.01.01.43.93.94.03.5
Fixed exchange rate regime2.10.90.74.61.70.71.6
Floating exchange rate regime0.71.72.33.94.64.15.4
Sources: IMF, African Department database, March 29, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, March 29, 2007.
Table SA4.Real Per Capita GDP(U.S. dollars, at 2000 prices, using 2000 exchange rates)
1997-2001200220032004200520062007
Oil-exporting countries468475494515540556600
Angola6887647668289701,0871,429
Cameroon646665673679674678686
Chad194214224293310306295
Congo, Rep. of1,1041,1371,1141,1211,1741,2141,223
Côte d'Ivoire648593574575573572573
Equatorial Guinea1,3872,8583,1244,0654,2074,1284,297
Gabon4,5504,0994,0974,0404,0614,0014,086
Nigeria356355382394412424447
Oil-importing countries557568572587602618634
Benin371386394394394399404
Botswana3,6794,3194,5844,8655,1865,4365,717
Burkina Faso228243254257269280291
Burundi111108104107105109112
Cape Verde1,1671,3381,3751,4091,4631,5191,589
Central African Republic255248225223223227231
Comoros372377379370378375378
Congo, Dem. Rep. of93838588919396
Eritrea177163165164168167166
Ethiopia124128120132142153158
Gambia, The312308320333341354369
Ghana266280287296305316328
Guinea389398389390390390388
Guinea-Bissau171139134133133132135
Kenya414410413423440458478
Lesotho398389392400407422436
Liberian.a.265174164178190211
Madagascar247218233238242247253
Malawi153141144148148157163
Mali249268281281292298309
Mauritius3,6193,9714,0784,2314,3224,4494,596
Mozambique207247261276291308322
Namibia1,7851,9041,9442,0482,1102,1902,276
Niger173174176169175176178
Rwanda236258253256258264271
São Tomé and Príncipe312325331338351372390
Senegal445455474489503508523
Seychelles7,6607,7147,1186,8546,9317,1097,456
Sierra Leone143190202212221232241
South Africa2,9443,1103,1743,2953,4323,5643,696
Swaziland1,3771,3761,3831,3821,3871,3911,387
Tanzania266294304318332345364
Togo250223228227224222223
Uganda236255257263270275282
Zambia313325334343353365378
Zimbabwe733651577556527502473
Sub-Saharan Africa530540548565583599624
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa334342344355367378396
CFA franc zone466475478494502504512
WAEMU363354357358363366372
CEMAC705752754802814816827
SADC8899179279559891,0221,069
COMESA281279276285298311335
Resource intensive countries485498516537561578618
Oil468475494515540556600
Non-oil608660674695713729744
Non-resource intensive countries553562565579595611627
Coastal9669961,0121,0411,0741,1071,141
Landlocked194190185188193197201
MDRI244257262270278287297
Fixed exchange rate regime566571570585592595602
Floating exchange rate regime520532543560581601629
Sources: IMF, African Department database, March 29, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, March 29, 2007.
Table SA5.Consumer Prices(Annual average percent change)
1997-2001200220032004200520062007
Oil-exporting countries20.618.817.012.513.27.76.6
Angola211.0108.998.343.623.013.310.2
Cameroon2.96.30.60.32.05.31.5
Chad3.55.2−1.8−5.47.97.94.0
Congo, Rep. of3.83.11.53.62.54.03.5
Côte d'Ivoire3.33.13.31.53.91.62.0
Equatorial Guinea5.07.67.34.25.74.65.4
Gabon1.70.22.10.40.04.04.5
Nigeria10.013.714.015.017.88.37.9
Oil-importing countries13.610.612.78.79.813.015.0
Benin3.62.41.50.95.43.83.0
Botswana7.78.09.36.98.611.36.0
Burkina Faso2.12.32.0−0.46.42.42.0
Burundi16.1−1.310.78.013.42.84.2
Cape Verde3.71.91.2−1.90.44.9−0.8
Central African Republic1.12.34.4−2.22.95.13.1
Comoros3.13.63.74.53.03.43.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. of284.125.312.84.021.413.217.4
Eritrea11.216.922.725.112.517.322.7
Ethiopia0.6−7.215.18.66.812.317.0
Gambia, The2.68.617.014.23.21.53.2
Ghana22.914.826.712.615.110.99.4
Guinea4.73.012.917.531.433.934.1
Guinea-Bissau13.43.3−3.50.83.41.91.9
Kenya8.02.09.811.610.314.14.1
Lesotho7.212.57.35.03.46.16.0
Liberian.a.14.210.33.66.97.27.0
Madagascar7.316.2−1.114.018.410.89.6
Malawi28.114.99.611.612.39.07.0
Mali1.35.0−1.3−3.16.41.92.5
Mauritius6.14.45.13.95.65.110.4
Mozambique6.716.813.512.66.413.25.9
Namibia8.411.37.24.12.35.15.9
Niger2.42.7−1.80.47.80.12.0
Rwanda4.72.07.412.09.25.55.0
São Tomé and Príncipe28.59.29.612.816.321.418.6
Senegal1.52.30.00.51.72.12.8
Seychelles4.40.23.23.91.0−0.511.0
Sierra Leone17.3−3.77.514.212.19.58.4
South Africa6.49.25.81.43.44.75.5
Swaziland7.211.77.43.44.85.15.8
Tanzania9.84.64.44.14.45.85.5
Togo2.43.1−0.90.46.82.72.9
Uganda4.8−2.05.75.08.06.65.8
Zambia24.722.221.418.018.39.18.0
Zimbabwe47.4133.2365.0350.0237.81,016.72,879.5
Sub-Saharan Africa15.012.213.69.510.611.813.0
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa23.414.419.914.814.718.219.9
Excluding Zimbabwe14.19.99.76.18.17.27.1
CFA franc zone2.73.91.30.24.43.52.8
WAEMU2.63.00.80.24.92.02.4
CEMAC2.95.22.10.33.75.33.3
SADC21.417.816.710.810.614.617.3
COMESA41.622.834.726.422.330.035.4
Resource intensive countries18.416.715.912.213.59.17.9
Oil20.618.817.012.513.27.76.6
Non-oil9.88.511.511.314.815.413.7
Non-resource intensive countries13.910.712.88.59.512.815.1
Coastal7.38.87.03.45.05.95.7
Landlocked34.416.331.324.923.735.747.3
MDRI7.24.49.06.78.17.97.4
Fixed exchange rate regime9.717.022.819.017.229.436.9
Floating exchange rate regime16.511.011.37.29.07.98.0
Sources: IMF, African Department database, March 29, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, March 29, 2007.
Table SA6.Total Investment(Percent of GDP)
1997-2001200220032004200520062007
Oil-exporting countries21.822.521.920.018.719.520.8
Angola23.312.612.79.18.115.013.7
Cameroon18.119.817.518.921.020.521.4
Chad23.360.655.925.821.422.622.3
Congo, Rep. of25.123.425.724.222.424.331.0
Côte d'Ivoire12.610.110.110.89.79.710.8
Equatorial Guinea78.533.861.047.539.532.335.5
Gabon28.424.423.924.521.922.424.3
Nigeria23.126.223.922.521.221.124.5
Oil-importing countries17.414.117.519.119.420.821.6
Benin19.617.219.619.019.618.121.7
Botswana34.340.741.538.430.125.325.8
Burkina Faso24.321.821.122.522.422.722.2
Burundi6.26.410.613.310.816.618.0
Cape Verde34.335.831.037.437.339.342.7
Central African Republic9.69.06.06.18.87.99.7
Comoros12.011.010.39.49.310.013.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. of15.89.012.212.813.913.416.6
Eritrea29.626.325.321.419.018.119.8
Ethiopia13.916.716.919.118.518.922.2
Gambia, The19.821.019.227.426.023.227.5
Ghana24.019.722.928.429.029.131.5
Guinea19.113.510.211.313.812.910.7
Guinea-Bissau15.59.612.613.214.69.817.7
Kenya13.712.013.114.717.519.521.1
Lesotho46.343.845.134.628.026.226.4
Liberian.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.
Madagascar15.314.317.924.322.521.721.9
Malawi13.410.410.814.413.014.219.6
Mali21.918.621.121.722.322.522.6
Mauritius26.620.324.922.822.921.223.4
Mozambique28.229.827.422.620.424.827.7
Namibia22.419.729.826.428.329.431.9
Niger11.414.214.216.416.515.518.0
Rwanda16.416.918.420.522.621.323.0
São Tomé and Príncipe39.432.536.135.234.163.864.1
Senegal18.718.924.023.725.624.825.9
Seychelles32.625.610.412.721.931.938.3
Sierra Leone5.610.113.910.717.315.319.0
South Africa16.216.116.917.718.320.320.4
Swaziland19.819.818.018.418.017.217.2
Tanzania16.219.221.221.022.223.424.5
Togo14.318.218.918.820.621.523.0
Uganda18.319.420.522.321.123.124.6
Zambia17.422.025.624.323.523.525.0
Zimbabwe15.5−8.8−13.05.14.411.017.5
Sub-Saharan Africa18.516.418.719.319.220.421.4
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa19.314.118.820.019.520.321.3
CFA franc zone19.519.721.420.820.820.521.8
WAEMU16.415.216.817.417.717.418.7
CEMAC23.825.427.124.624.023.325.1
SADC17.713.317.118.318.120.020.1
COMESA17.17.413.316.316.118.519.2
Resource intensive countries22.223.023.121.219.620.121.4
Oil21.822.521.920.018.719.520.8
Non-oil24.225.929.527.625.523.925.0
Non-resource intensive countries17.013.216.618.419.020.621.4
Coastal17.016.717.718.619.221.021.6
Landlocked16.74.611.317.717.718.420.3
MDRI18.319.020.221.522.022.424.1
Fixed exchange rate regime20.812.319.922.221.521.122.3
Floating exchange rate regime17.918.118.418.618.620.221.1
Sources: IMF, African Department database, March 29, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, March 29, 2007.
Table SA7.Domestic Saving(Percent of GDP)
1997-2001200220032004200520062007
Oil-exporting countries28.426.330.035.039.741.236.9
Angola24.423.919.225.134.136.729.4
Cameroon19.119.017.818.519.019.518.5
Chad5.3−40.421.626.136.843.139.2
Congo, Rep. of43.751.051.351.358.770.259.6
Côte d'Ivoire20.126.721.020.017.018.719.0
Equatorial Guinea61.180.081.285.790.090.987.0
Gabon49.843.548.152.660.557.250.4
Nigeria29.825.432.139.242.642.941.2
Oil-importing countries14.711.514.315.614.514.914.6
Benin7.83.36.76.79.57.110.9
Botswana47.452.250.749.847.444.243.2
Burkina Faso9.78.67.98.87.49.19.1
Burundi−3.3−9.7−8.7−11.0−23.1−20.1−19.6
Cape Verde−4.9−7.0−6.5−1.54.34.96.9
Central African Republic4.73.70.3−0.52.11.53.1
Comoros−7.8−4.0−5.8−10.6−12.9−15.6−12.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. of17.44.05.08.52.23.06.9
Eritrea−29.1−34.6−65.7−57.1−30.2−19.0−15.3
Ethiopia3.52.01.91.5−3.5−5.3−0.9
Gambia, The11.912.69.91.5−2.31.14.9
Ghana6.27.410.97.33.45.16.1
Guinea15.39.57.87.311.110.26.9
Guinea-Bissau−7.0−11.8−1.6−3.01.3−12.4−10.8
Kenya6.24.96.27.16.85.86.1
Lesotho−20.3−15.6−6.1−11.8−17.6−13.8−12.0
Liberian.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.
Madagascar8.47.78.99.48.910.010.8
Malawi2.7−16.7−12.1−10.6−23.9−13.5−4.0
Mali12.418.514.013.513.616.518.6
Mauritius24.424.725.823.318.514.415.0
Mozambique9.410.510.613.29.419.816.6
Namibia13.714.623.222.324.730.832.8
Niger3.55.34.95.43.13.24.4
Rwanda−0.60.0−0.82.22.30.50.1
São Tomé and Príncipe−16.4−18.0−19.0−22.0−26.2−23.6−22.6
Senegal11.68.511.810.99.95.08.3
Seychelles18.424.421.514.7−5.011.2−0.1
Sierra Leone−2.8−9.4−5.5−1.7−0.72.27.2
South Africa18.319.818.418.117.818.016.6
Swaziland2.119.519.916.813.911.210.9
Tanzania5.811.814.513.611.710.510.6
Togo−0.44.02.91.0−0.3−1.23.9
Uganda7.54.85.98.77.28.69.9
Zambia6.48.713.119.820.331.830.5
Zimbabwe13.3−12.5−21.1−3.7−6.78.417.1
Sub-Saharan Africa18.115.518.621.022.223.221.5
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa14.710.414.818.119.521.719.9
CFA franc zone20.521.122.624.528.330.327.2
WAEMU13.415.513.512.911.511.413.0
CEMAC29.828.133.837.545.248.342.3
SADC17.614.016.818.618.720.218.8
COMESA10.82.56.812.514.017.516.9
Resource intensive countries27.525.929.634.038.239.936.2
Oil28.426.330.035.039.741.236.9
Non-oil23.324.027.728.828.932.131.7
Non-resource intensive countries14.110.613.314.513.413.613.3
Coastal15.616.316.316.215.515.514.6
Landlocked7.5−3.7−0.64.81.53.37.9
MDRI8.58.610.010.68.810.611.2
Fixed exchange rate regime20.111.619.524.427.029.126.3
Floating exchange rate regime17.617.118.420.020.921.720.2
Sources: IMF, African Department database, March 29, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, March 29, 2007.
Table SA8.Overall Fiscal Balance, Including Grant(Central government; percent of GDP)
1997-2001200220032004200520062007
Oil-exporting countries−3.1−2.8−1.44.27.710.73.6
Angola−13.3−5.4−6.0−0.57.39.4−0.1
Cameroon−1.20.71.2−0.53.530.72.0
Chad−4.9−6.0−6.4−3.0−0.40.68.4
Congo, Rep. of−6.9−8.10.43.915.923.35.7
Côte d'Ivoire−1.4−1.2−2.9−1.7−1.7−2.1−0.8
Equatorial Guinea4.810.9−1.711.220.215.715.8
Gabon0.73.57.47.69.411.19.2
Nigeria−2.8−4.2−1.37.79.38.84.9
Oil-importing countries−2.9−2.7−2.5−2.1−1.21.0−1.8
Benin0.2−2.3−1.9−1.0−2.5−0.3−2.0
Botswana2.3−3.6−1.20.66.83.10.6
Burkina Faso 1−3.2−4.7−2.9−4.3−4.916.0−6.0
Burundi−4.8−1.4−6.2−4.9−5.1−2.20.7
Cape Verde−10.6−2.6−3.5−4.0−6.3−1.7−4.2
Central African Republic−0.9−1.2−3.1−2.2−4.50.01.7
Comoros−2.9−3.6−3.4−1.70.1−1.3−0.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. of−5.0−2.7−4.7−4.9−3.6−0.91.1
Eritrea−35.2−30.4−16.7−19.5−17.8−17.0−18.1
Ethiopia−5.6−7.6−7.0−3.2−4.7−4.4−5.4
Gambia, The−5.5−4.4−4.7−5.7−8.6−4.71.4
Ghana−8.4−5.0−3.3−3.1−1.7−6.2−5.6
Guinea−2.8−4.4−6.1−4.9−0.81.11.1
Guinea-Bissau−11.3−8.8−12.9−15.0−11.9−3.7−10.0
Kenya−0.9−3.2−1.7−0.1−1.8−3.2−3.3
Lesotho−3.8−4.40.89.14.25.92.8
Liberian.a.−1.30.9−0.1−0.13.2−2.6
Madagascar 1−3.8−6.2−4.8−5.7−4.336.2−4.4
Malawi−5.7−11.6−6.5−6.6−1.5−3.0−0.4
Mali 1−3.4−3.6−1.3−2.6−3.231.3−3.9
Mauritius−4.8−6.1−6.2−5.3−5.0−5.3−4.1
Mozambique−3.6−7.2−4.1−4.3−2.1−2.0−4.6
Namibia−3.2−3.5−6.5−4.4−1.4−0.1−0.4
Niger 1−3.6−2.8−2.7−3.5−2.738.6−5.8
Rwanda−2.0−1.9−2.5−0.20.7−0.2−2.1
São Tomé and Príncipe−25.8−16.4−17.0−26.658.1−13.0197.5
Senegal−0.5−0.6−1.6−2.9−3.3−5.8−4.3
Seychelles−11.1−17.43.2−0.52.3−8.20.9
Sierra Leone 1−9.0−8.3−6.7−3.5−2.79.525.0
South Africa−2.4−1.2−2.0−1.7−0.60.10.5
Swaziland−0.6−4.7−2.8−4.6−1.60.5−2.0
Tanzania−1.0−1.0−1.4−3.0−3.2−5.2−5.0
Togo−2.9−0.42.41.0−2.4−3.3−3.0
Uganda−3.0−5.3−4.3−1.7−0.6−0.9−1.8
Zambia 1−4.4−5.1−6.0−2.9−2.720.0−2.1
Zimbabwe−8.7−2.7−0.2−7.6−6.0−10.0−26.4
Sub-Saharan Africa−2.9−2.7−2.2−0.41.54.1−0.1
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa−3.5−3.2−2.6−1.60.96.0−2.1
CFA franc zone−1.5−0.9−0.70.02.712.91.7
WAEMU−1.8−2.0−2.2−2.4−2.86.6−3.1
CEMAC−1.20.51.22.78.218.96.7
SADC−3.2−2.4−2.5−2.0−0.11.9−1.2
COMESA−5.1−4.4−4.2−2.7−0.14.0−4.3
Resource intensive countries−2.9−3.0−1.83.26.910.33.3
Oil−3.1−2.8−1.44.27.710.73.6
Non-oil−1.8−4.4−4.4−2.31.48.11.3
Non-resource intensive countries−3.0−2.5−2.4−2.1−1.40.5−2.1
Coastal−2.6−2.0−2.1−1.9−1.1−0.3−0.7
Landlocked−5.0−3.9−3.3−3.4−3.14.7−8.1
MDRI−3.3−3.7−2.8−2.7−1.98.9−3.0
Fixed exchange rate regime−2.3−1.9−1.0−0.52.39.9−2.0
Floating exchange rate regime−3.1−3.0−2.5−0.31.32.60.4
Sources: IMF, African Department database, March 29, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, March 29, 2007.
Table SA9.Overall Fiscal Balance, Excluding Grants(Central government; percent of GDP)
1997-2001200220032004200520062007
Oil-exporting countries−3.6−3.0−1.83.97.47.93.3
Angola−15.7−5.4−6.7−1.07.19.3−0.2
Cameroon−1.30.50.7−0.83.02.70.7
Chad−10.2−12.1−14.1−6.0−3.7−1.95.5
Congo, Rep. of−7.2−8.3−0.13.615.723.24.8
Côte d'Ivoire−2.0−1.7−3.5−2.6−2.8−3.1−1.8
Equatorial Guinea4.410.9−1.711.220.215.715.5
Gabon0.73.47.47.59.411.09.1
Nigeria−2.8−4.2−1.37.79.38.84.9
Oil-importing countries−4.3−4.0−4.1−3.7−2.8−2.9−3.8
Benin−2.8−3.3−3.7−3.7−4.6−2.5−4.7
Botswana1.9−3.9−1.30.06.22.50.0
Burkina Faso−10.2−9.9−8.3−8.6−9.3−10.8−11.2
Burundi−7.1−5.7−13.8−19.7−16.8−21.5−22.7
Cape Verde−19.3−11.3−9.1−13.0−12.7−8.6−11.8
Central African Republic−0.9−1.2−3.1−2.2−4.50.01.7
Comoros−9.1−7.8−5.7−4.5−4.2−7.6−8.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. of−5.0−3.1−6.7−6.8−8.8−9.1−6.3
Eritrea−47.1−44.5−38.5−37.2−34.5−26.5−27.4
Ethiopia−8.5−11.4−13.6−8.1−9.4−8.5−10.7
Gambia, The−7.3−8.9−7.2−10.2−10.3−5.5−7.1
Ghana−11.2−8.1−8.0−9.5−6.9−11.3−10.2
Guinea−5.6−6.2−8.9−5.9−1.4−0.2−0.4
Guinea-Bissau−28.6−17.4−23.3−32.2−24.6−15.9−22.1
Kenya−1.8−3.9−3.6−1.3−3.0−4.4−4.5
Lesotho−6.4−8.4−1.46.52.25.22.1
Liberian.a.−1.30.2−0.4−0.93.0−3.4
Madagascar−7.8−8.4−9.9−13.9−10.1−10.9−9.5
Malawi−12.1−17.4−17.3−20.8−17.6−18.9−17.4
Mali−8.0−7.3−5.7−6.6−7.3−8.7−9.1
Mauritius−5.0−6.3−6.5−5.7−5.3−5.6−4.5
Mozambique−13.8−17.5−13.6−11.8−8.6−12.7−16.5
Namibia−3.4−3.6−6.6−4.5−1.4−0.2−0.7
Niger−8.3−7.7−7.5−9.2−8.4−7.8−9.3
Rwanda−9.1−9.1−10.5−12.3−13.4−13.2−14.7
São Tomé and Príncipe−47.4−43.6−49.5−58.831.4−36.8−4.6
Senegal−2.7−2.3−3.6−5.0−4.9−7.5−6.2
Seychelles−11.7−17.53.2−0.71.0−10.4−0.3
Sierra Leone−13.4−16.5−14.4−12.4−12.8−10.7−11.7
South Africa−2.4−1.2−2.0−1.7−0.60.10.5
Swaziland−1.5−6.0−3.8−5.4−2.60.0−2.5
Tanzania−4.5−5.1−7.2−8.6−10.4−10.9−12.7
Togo−4.0−0.81.90.2−3.6−4.4−5.2
Uganda−8.7−12.3−10.9−10.7−8.5−7.5−8.2
Zambia−10.7−13.4−13.0−8.4−8.3−6.0−6.8
Zimbabwe−9.7−2.8−0.4−7.7−6.0−10.1−26.5
Sub-Saharan Africa−4.0−3.7−3.5−1.60.30.5−1.6
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa−5.8−5.2−5.4−4.4−1.9−1.7−5.1
CFA franc zone−3.2−2.3−2.4−1.51.11.5−0.2
WAEMU−4.4−4.0−4.5−4.8−5.3−6.0−5.8
CEMAC−1.7−0.20.22.27.58.75.7
SADC−3.9−3.1−3.4−2.8−1.0−0.3−2.2
COMESA−7.4−6.0−7.0−5.7−3.0−2.0−6.9
Resource intensive countries−3.6−3.7−2.62.66.36.62.5
Oil−3.6−3.0−1.83.97.47.93.3
Non-oil−4.0−7.2−6.7−4.3−0.8−1.8−2.7
Non-resource intensive countries−4.3−3.8−3.9−3.6−3.0−3.0−3.8
Coastal−3.4−2.8−3.1−2.8−2.0−1.9−1.8
Landlocked−8.2−6.1−7.4−8.3−8.5−8.6−12.9
MDRI−7.2−7.7−7.6−7.7−6.8−7.6−8.6
Fixed exchange rate regime−3.8−2.8−2.3−1.91.00.9−3.6
Floating exchange rate regime−4.1−4.1−3.8−1.50.10.4−1.0
Sources: IMF, African Department database, March 29, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, March 29, 2007.
Table SA10.Government Revenue, Excluding Grants(Percent of GDP)
1997-2001200220032004200520062007
Oil-exporting countries22.224.122.525.928.531.129.7
Angola42.641.137.237.540.446.637.3
Cameroon14.316.216.115.217.317.817.4
Chad7.78.17.98.59.316.225.9
Congo, Rep. of26.927.229.132.239.449.736.0
Côte d'Ivoire17.717.916.917.517.118.019.2
Equatorial Guinea22.326.927.132.638.034.235.7
Gabon32.731.530.130.131.333.632.1
Nigeria20.022.921.026.728.127.729.0
Oil-importing countries20.819.921.122.323.423.925.0
Benin15.016.317.016.416.516.716.9
Botswana39.536.638.037.539.939.238.1
Burkina Faso12.311.312.112.812.312.413.1
Burundi17.220.321.120.120.019.119.7
Cape Verde20.322.621.324.823.727.124.3
Central African Republic14.914.69.211.412.212.915.1
Comoros12.216.415.815.615.714.215.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. of5.47.97.79.511.613.213.2
Eritrea32.727.836.427.529.628.328.4
Ethiopia14.916.416.217.015.816.917.4
Gambia, The17.816.315.720.919.721.621.3
Ghana17.618.020.823.823.821.622.7
Guinea11.112.010.510.412.813.912.6
Guinea-Bissau8.515.315.217.217.619.818.5
Kenya20.319.619.721.221.220.621.7
Lesotho43.241.042.949.752.449.947.7
Liberian.a.13.411.114.814.68.67.7
Madagascar10.68.010.312.010.911.411.4
Malawi16.917.722.023.225.524.324.1
Mali13.515.916.417.417.917.216.8
Mauritius19.618.320.119.919.819.919.3
Mozambique12.012.412.912.614.014.414.9
Namibia32.430.529.230.232.734.936.6
Niger8.910.69.911.29.711.312.0
Rwanda10.412.313.513.915.115.415.0
São Tomé and Príncipe14.423.325.628.4100.533.762.7
Senegal16.217.918.218.519.419.719.9
Seychelles42.540.049.850.050.250.949.7
Sierra Leone8.912.212.412.311.911.813.2
South Africa23.523.323.224.025.626.527.7
Swaziland28.626.026.130.732.135.735.8
Tanzania11.211.111.411.812.513.313.8
Togo13.912.317.016.815.716.116.6
Uganda11.312.212.212.712.813.213.6
Zambia19.017.918.018.217.416.917.6
Zimbabwe25.017.924.933.843.743.340.1
Sub-Saharan Africa21.221.021.523.325.026.226.5
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa19.319.220.121.423.325.424.8
CFA franc zone17.418.218.018.820.722.421.7
WAEMU15.416.016.016.516.416.917.4
CEMAC20.021.020.521.325.027.726.2
SADC23.422.323.424.526.428.228.5
COMESA20.720.021.723.625.728.527.4
Resource intensive countries23.024.323.126.028.530.529.5
Oil22.224.122.525.928.531.129.7
Non-oil26.625.326.426.728.327.228.0
Non-resource intensive countries20.419.520.721.923.123.624.8
Coastal21.520.921.522.623.924.525.4
Landlocked15.515.916.917.918.619.222.1
MDRI13.714.415.115.716.116.416.7
Fixed exchange rate regime21.520.121.722.724.626.126.6
Floating exchange rate regime21.221.421.423.425.126.226.5
Sources: IMF, African Department database, March 29, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, March 29, 2007.
Table SA11.Government Expenditure(Central government; percent of GDP)
1997-2001200220032004200520062007
Oil-exporting countries25.727.124.322.021.123.126.5
Angola58.346.543.938.533.337.337.5
Cameroon15.615.715.416.014.415.216.8
Chad17.920.222.014.413.018.120.3
Congo, Rep. of34.135.529.328.623.726.531.2
Côte d'Ivoire19.719.620.420.119.921.121.0
Equatorial Guinea17.916.028.821.417.918.520.2
Gabon31.928.022.822.621.922.622.9
Nigeria22.827.122.319.018.918.924.1
Oil-importing countries25.123.925.225.926.326.828.8
Benin17.719.520.620.121.119.321.7
Botswana37.640.439.337.533.736.838.1
Burkina Faso22.521.220.421.421.723.224.2
Burundi24.325.934.939.836.840.642.4
Cape Verde39.533.930.437.836.435.736.1
Central African Republic15.915.812.313.516.712.913.4
Comoros21.424.121.520.119.921.824.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. of10.511.014.416.320.422.319.6
Eritrea79.872.374.964.764.154.855.7
Ethiopia23.427.829.725.125.225.428.0
Gambia, The25.225.222.931.130.027.128.4
Ghana28.826.128.833.330.732.932.9
Guinea16.718.319.416.314.214.113.0
Guinea-Bissau37.132.738.549.442.235.740.6
Kenya22.123.523.422.624.325.126.2
Lesotho49.649.544.343.250.244.645.5
Liberian.a.14.711.015.215.55.611.1
Madagascar18.416.420.226.021.022.320.9
Malawi29.135.139.344.043.143.241.4
Mali21.623.222.124.025.225.926.0
Mauritius24.624.626.625.625.125.523.8
Mozambique25.830.026.524.422.627.131.4
Namibia35.834.235.934.734.135.137.4
Niger17.218.417.320.418.119.121.3
Rwanda19.621.324.126.128.528.629.7
São Tomé and Príncipe61.966.975.187.269.170.567.4
Senegal18.920.121.723.524.327.326.1
Seychelles54.257.546.650.749.261.450.1
Sierra Leone22.328.626.724.824.622.624.8
South Africa25.924.525.225.726.226.427.2
Swaziland30.132.029.936.134.735.738.3
Tanzania15.616.118.620.422.924.226.6
Togo17.813.115.116.619.320.521.8
Uganda20.024.523.123.321.320.621.8
Zambia29.631.330.926.625.722.824.4
Zimbabwe34.720.725.341.549.653.566.6
Sub-Saharan Africa25.324.825.024.824.725.628.1
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa25.124.425.625.825.227.129.8
CFA franc zone20.520.520.420.319.620.921.9
WAEMU19.820.020.521.421.722.823.2
CEMAC21.721.120.319.117.519.020.5
SADC27.325.426.827.327.428.530.7
COMESA28.125.928.729.328.730.534.2
Resource intensive countries26.628.025.723.422.224.027.0
Oil25.727.124.322.021.123.126.5
Non-oil30.732.533.231.029.129.030.7
Non-resource intensive countries24.623.324.625.526.026.628.6
Coastal24.923.824.725.425.926.427.2
Landlocked23.722.024.226.227.027.835.0
MDRI20.922.122.723.423.023.925.3
Fixed exchange rate regime25.322.924.124.623.725.230.1
Floating exchange rate regime25.325.525.224.925.025.827.5
Sources: IMF, African Department database, March 29, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, March 29, 2007.
Table SA12.Broad Money(Percent of GDP)
1997-2001200220032004200520062007
Oil-exporting countries18.624.721.920.218.320.921.5
Angola19.021.617.316.416.219.920.3
Cameroon13.218.717.718.117.618.118.4
Chad11.713.611.58.17.38.715.2
Congo, Rep. of14.413.913.714.614.316.823.5
Côte d'Ivoire22.430.122.123.724.124.525.0
Equatorial Guinea6.46.48.98.17.18.011.5
Gabon13.615.915.516.117.119.724.5
Nigeria20.128.426.423.620.323.823.1
Oil-importing countries44.144.249.951.655.459.863.2
Benin27.829.129.426.529.832.331.5
Botswana25.225.326.827.926.526.526.5
Burkina Faso22.519.027.123.120.320.320.3
Burundi19.024.127.027.729.730.030.5
Cape Verde60.872.071.576.682.084.586.8
Central African Republic17.014.413.916.017.817.317.4
Comoros19.724.422.420.720.020.823.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. of6.24.75.98.38.110.19.8
Eritrea121.7148.4141.8127.1124.3118.7118.0
Ethiopia34.341.942.841.441.141.041.4
Gambia, The32.143.545.845.146.650.351.5
Ghana24.831.432.033.431.335.736.6
Guinea10.312.615.016.516.816.616.9
Guinea-Bissau34.161.322.030.532.839.644.4
Kenya38.239.039.539.939.439.139.3
Lesotho32.329.628.828.226.926.626.7
Liberian.a.8.612.918.621.123.724.2
Madagascar20.923.321.921.618.218.317.9
Malawi15.518.320.522.021.220.921.1
Mali21.126.930.529.429.728.828.2
Mauritius76.981.583.684.988.891.187.0
Mozambique23.728.028.325.628.428.929.9
Namibia38.837.840.343.745.052.754.0
Niger8.29.012.215.013.914.214.2
Rwanda16.917.618.517.818.319.119.1
São Tomé and Príncipe31.839.450.047.156.556.855.7
Senegal22.826.232.334.434.236.237.0
Seychelles87.8104.2110.8110.9111.7113.1107.5
Sierra Leone15.919.320.519.621.520.020.4
South Africa58.361.264.165.471.278.180.5
Swaziland24.220.720.621.320.922.325.0
Tanzania14.114.114.615.016.718.420.3
Togo24.923.527.631.028.930.629.9
Uganda14.218.820.219.618.519.018.6
Zambia20.122.321.822.418.017.017.0
Zimbabwe36.537.258.743.884.8134.0145.9
Sub-Saharan Africa37.938.942.242.944.147.550.3
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa24.428.027.926.526.328.433.7
CFA franc zone18.221.521.120.920.221.023.0
WAEMU22.126.125.826.326.327.127.3
CEMAC13.115.815.214.814.115.218.6
SADC48.747.553.454.658.262.666.0
COMESA30.333.334.831.831.533.841.7
Resource intensive countries19.524.622.621.519.521.722.4
Oil18.624.721.920.218.320.921.5
Non-oil23.524.226.428.127.027.227.9
Non-resource intensive countries45.645.751.753.457.562.465.9
Coastal50.952.456.258.262.667.869.2
Landlocked23.029.031.425.928.633.751.2
MDRI20.123.524.824.824.425.426.1
Fixed exchange rate regime23.228.227.824.925.628.940.7
Floating exchange rate regime42.043.246.647.748.952.352.9
Sources: IMF, African Department database, March 29, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, March 29, 2007.
Table SA13.Broad Money Growth(Percent)
1997-2001200220032004200520062007
Oil-exporting countries32.035.215.417.522.634.114.5
Angola270.9158.167.549.859.762.129.0
Cameroon13.629.5−0.97.34.211.06.7
Chad3.527.5−3.13.319.732.356.4
Congo, Rep. of10.513.1−2.417.434.544.59.0
Côte d'Ivoire6.030.8−26.69.57.46.46.2
Equatorial Guinea33.053.156.733.534.737.327.2
Gabon7.87.3−0.311.827.620.421.2
Nigeria29.321.624.114.016.033.36.5
Oil-importing countries17.129.522.115.719.425.530.0
Benin16.7−3.86.6−6.721.816.45.2
Botswana25.4−1.115.516.09.712.910.6
Burkina Faso5.62.954.0−7.2−3.86.89.1
Burundi13.527.023.316.726.09.612.3
Cape Verde10.914.38.610.515.517.511.8
Central African Republic−2.3−4.3−8.014.216.54.57.1
Comoros11.99.1−1.1−6.33.17.317.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. of264.630.248.360.025.948.721.7
Eritrea28.220.112.911.411.915.322.1
Ethiopia9.18.110.914.719.617.226.1
Gambia, The19.935.343.418.313.116.513.3
Ghana35.150.538.125.914.338.821.1
Guinea14.119.235.337.037.240.837.4
Guinea-Bissau36.824.2−65.344.019.921.019.9
Kenya5.410.011.513.49.117.111.2
Lesotho10.32.75.36.24.710.111.3
Liberian.a.36.88.349.335.734.414.5
Madagascar15.96.36.318.54.616.713.6
Malawi27.847.629.329.814.322.015.0
Mali9.128.425.5−2.49.56.78.0
Mauritius12.013.012.512.713.111.210.5
Mozambique29.521.518.75.927.123.417.5
Namibia10.824.39.616.29.729.813.3
Niger7.9−0.442.220.36.56.16.3
Rwanda14.711.415.212.116.714.710.4
São Tomé and Príncipe36.226.243.97.445.929.425.0
Senegal10.97.631.512.97.412.610.6
Seychelles16.311.26.11.14.05.210.8
Sierra Leone28.530.126.218.932.811.616.1
South Africa13.018.112.913.119.923.114.9
Swaziland10.413.114.110.45.915.319.1
Tanzania10.121.316.919.127.524.525.2
Togo4.4−2.111.418.31.49.72.3
Uganda18.421.623.39.08.716.412.6
Zambia32.131.523.430.20.414.614.9
Zimbabwe48.3164.8413.5222.6520.01,579.52,960.5
Sub-Saharan Africa20.631.020.216.220.428.225.0
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa25.542.325.820.022.331.239.9
Excluding Zimbabwe19.822.215.815.118.825.314.8
CFA franc zone9.318.53.88.913.016.212.4
WAEMU8.115.44.36.27.28.87.4
CEMAC10.822.63.112.119.123.817.9
SADC23.439.924.418.624.631.634.6
COMESA41.166.348.231.331.445.568.3
Resource intensive countries29.931.916.118.220.931.914.6
Oil32.035.215.417.522.634.114.5
Non-oil20.415.619.422.011.119.215.3
Non-resource intensive countries16.830.622.315.220.126.131.2
Coastal13.217.313.913.418.622.414.8
Landlocked34.071.269.326.628.947.9137.5
MDRI16.019.918.912.112.017.314.7
Fixed exchange rate regime15.050.925.415.219.730.368.0
Floating exchange rate regime22.223.818.716.520.527.615.4
Sources: IMF, African Department database, March 29, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, March 29, 2007.
Table SA14.Claims on Nonfinancial Private Sector(Percent of broad money)
1997-2001200220032004200520062007
Oil-exporting countries60.752.255.656.758.754.655.2
Angola20.822.932.235.234.738.140.9
Cameroon61.355.461.056.959.753.753.7
Chad51.942.053.849.348.445.728.3
Congo, Rep. of59.921.627.124.319.514.614.6
Côte d'Ivoire70.650.561.860.657.258.355.6
Equatorial Guinea56.048.829.727.833.627.229.4
Gabon80.583.175.561.353.653.250.7
Nigeria63.558.359.766.173.868.970.9
Oil-importing countries83.575.281.584.585.686.783.8
Benin31.739.449.255.054.351.953.7
Botswana60.374.771.175.874.174.074.7
Burkina Faso50.568.750.761.279.278.880.7
Burundi90.9110.794.285.061.580.582.7
Cape Verde52.348.050.950.347.547.148.7
Central African Republic35.047.151.250.042.142.543.2
Comoros44.432.336.135.033.527.325.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. of13.420.316.119.324.026.025.0
Eritrea36.925.126.628.429.728.026.4
Ethiopia50.942.735.534.545.750.455.6
Gambia, The37.341.743.030.932.235.536.5
Ghana53.748.148.949.258.859.665.5
Guinea49.741.741.432.534.836.237.3
Guinea-Bissau21.94.88.85.26.510.815.4
Kenya72.961.358.964.665.464.264.6
Lesotho57.223.325.726.332.633.634.7
Liberian.a.77.063.656.747.147.937.7
Madagascar44.240.640.647.454.855.858.9
Malawi35.426.626.929.430.734.132.7
Mali69.565.761.465.174.891.6101.5
Mauritius70.470.868.565.265.867.371.7
Mozambique69.553.544.439.548.851.261.2
Namibia98.7121.3123.6128.2139.7125.5124.9
Niger53.055.642.843.348.852.152.9
Rwanda55.460.760.559.560.664.767.3
São Tomé and Príncipe19.721.729.659.655.454.353.5
Senegal71.570.561.359.368.769.068.4
Seychelles19.219.626.031.634.833.437.4
Sierra Leone16.015.220.324.521.721.821.4
South Africa110.898.3103.7104.4104.0106.3102.0
Swaziland58.065.175.789.3101.8107.294.1
Tanzania30.936.142.252.051.556.261.1
Togo64.953.262.254.960.649.250.0
Uganda43.734.836.139.641.245.749.7
Zambia51.443.033.738.445.753.053.4
Zimbabwe87.271.784.863.931.432.540.1
Sub-Saharan Africa76.668.974.476.777.476.675.0
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa54.453.953.252.453.453.354.5
Excluding Zimbabwe76.968.774.176.877.877.075.9
CFA franc zone62.155.956.754.255.153.454.0
WAEMU63.656.957.558.663.065.266.0
CEMAC63.054.855.849.247.242.141.2
SADC89.078.987.689.888.588.584.2
COMESA55.454.752.251.351.552.052.5
Resource intensive countries58.654.557.558.860.856.957.4
Oil60.752.255.656.758.754.655.2
Non-oil61.366.667.170.573.970.871.9
Non-resource intensive countries87.875.882.685.586.588.084.7
Coastal95.883.189.692.493.094.491.5
Landlocked53.657.550.646.449.853.854.5
MDRI52.048.147.349.355.057.160.6
Fixed exchange rate regime63.363.663.860.760.658.357.4
Floating exchange rate regime83.571.177.581.181.881.379.7
Sources: IMF, African Department database, March 29, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, March 29, 2007.
Table SA15.Exports of Goods and Services(Percent of GDP)
1997-2001200220032004200520062007
Oil-exporting countries45.746.550.456.463.767.864.8
Angola75.273.569.669.777.774.170.1
Cameroon24.625.024.022.723.525.222.8
Chad17.412.724.851.054.958.954.4
Congo, Rep. of76.481.579.384.386.491.077.6
Côte d'Ivoire40.750.045.848.649.752.252.0
Equatorial Guinea98.397.094.895.896.298.290.6
Gabon59.353.355.259.966.967.061.0
Nigeria43.140.149.857.665.272.171.1
Oil-importing countries26.527.227.428.128.630.329.8
Benin15.113.513.714.313.010.812.2
Botswana50.147.844.245.752.855.353.3
Burkina Faso10.38.98.610.610.112.411.7
Burundi8.06.28.49.611.410.911.9
Cape Verde25.332.531.432.036.842.943.8
Central African Republic19.915.411.811.812.012.211.9
Comoros15.115.715.812.712.511.712.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. of22.221.226.130.334.031.731.7
Eritrea15.213.59.610.16.55.24.4
Ethiopia12.413.214.215.816.415.815.7
Gambia, The45.146.147.344.438.645.044.2
Ghana38.542.440.739.336.138.235.6
Guinea22.524.522.320.927.832.429.0
Guinea-Bissau24.129.830.030.937.430.432.1
Kenya21.824.723.726.727.724.223.8
Lesotho31.155.349.654.349.350.646.0
Liberian.a.38.433.929.627.329.931.3
Madagascar25.516.023.132.626.527.726.0
Malawi27.223.926.828.426.723.021.8
Mali24.331.926.024.625.128.627.2
Mauritius60.863.158.455.557.360.558.4
Mozambique17.929.028.230.932.638.636.8
Namibia45.442.937.241.040.946.647.4
Niger17.115.215.718.418.217.318.8
Rwanda7.47.78.310.310.611.010.4
São Tomé and Príncipe33.834.635.031.429.328.626.5
Senegal28.228.526.827.426.223.624.0
Seychelles71.077.895.197.898.7115.8137.7
Sierra Leone15.216.421.421.722.123.326.1
South Africa26.733.028.126.727.529.830.8
Swaziland79.794.982.982.780.880.180.5
Tanzania14.415.316.720.422.224.224.8
Togo30.334.941.438.336.637.837.8
Uganda11.712.012.014.213.814.415.7
Zambia29.028.629.038.234.338.442.3
Zimbabwe33.56.517.642.642.734.59.9
Sub-Saharan Africa31.332.433.836.039.342.140.6
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa32.230.133.938.541.943.540.0
CFA franc zone34.637.436.139.743.245.540.8
WAEMU29.432.930.231.431.131.831.5
CEMAC41.443.143.449.155.258.550.7
SADC30.331.331.432.134.537.337.0
COMESA32.225.733.440.143.744.040.6
Resource intensive countries44.344.948.053.660.664.562.2
Oil45.746.550.456.463.767.864.8
Non-oil37.536.535.038.341.144.345.0
Non-resource intensive countries25.726.526.927.327.729.128.6
Coastal26.831.628.327.728.330.130.7
Landlocked21.013.620.224.824.423.819.6
MDRI20.621.421.823.723.325.024.4
Fixed exchange rate regime36.929.536.241.844.946.939.5
Floating exchange rate regime29.733.633.034.437.840.840.9
Sources: IMF, African Department database, March 29, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, March 29, 2007.
Table SA16.Imports of Goods and Services(Percent of GDP)
1997-2001200220032004200520062007
Oil-exporting countries39.142.842.341.241.043.346.3
Angola74.162.263.153.751.752.554.4
Cameroon22.626.223.425.025.426.125.8
Chad35.4113.759.050.839.538.437.6
Congo, Rep. of57.853.953.757.350.145.248.9
Côte d'Ivoire33.233.434.939.442.443.243.5
Equatorial Guinea115.650.874.657.545.839.539.1
Gabon37.934.231.031.828.232.134.9
Nigeria36.441.041.539.940.344.148.6
Oil-importing countries29.129.029.932.133.736.736.6
Benin26.927.526.526.623.121.822.9
Botswana41.936.333.537.635.540.639.4
Burkina Faso24.922.121.724.325.126.024.8
Burundi17.522.327.733.945.347.549.5
Cape Verde59.768.567.469.564.870.372.6
Central African Republic24.820.617.518.518.718.618.5
Comoros35.030.831.832.634.737.338.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. of20.726.133.334.645.742.041.4
Eritrea73.974.5100.588.655.742.339.5
Ethiopia22.827.929.233.438.440.138.8
Gambia, The53.054.456.570.466.967.266.8
Ghana56.354.852.760.461.762.361.0
Guinea26.328.424.624.830.435.132.8
Guinea-Bissau47.351.244.147.150.752.660.5
Kenya28.525.828.234.237.434.934.5
Lesotho97.7114.7100.8100.794.990.684.4
Liberian.a.31.342.066.466.473.866.1
Madagascar32.422.632.147.540.239.437.1
Malawi38.451.449.753.563.750.945.4
Mali33.932.033.232.933.834.631.2
Mauritius63.058.757.455.061.667.366.8
Mozambique35.747.844.039.242.642.646.9
Namibia54.248.143.845.044.545.246.5
Niger24.924.125.029.431.529.632.4
Rwanda24.424.527.628.631.031.833.1
São Tomé and Príncipe88.185.190.188.689.6115.9113.2
Senegal35.639.039.040.241.943.441.6
Seychelles84.384.184.095.8125.7136.5176.1
Sierra Leone27.235.940.834.140.136.537.8
South Africa24.329.125.827.028.433.234.5
Swaziland97.495.280.984.384.886.186.8
Tanzania25.122.623.526.230.436.639.5
Togo44.949.157.356.257.660.556.9
Uganda22.526.526.727.727.130.130.4
Zambia40.042.041.542.637.430.236.8
Zimbabwe33.87.220.751.353.737.010.2
Sub-Saharan Africa31.532.833.334.635.938.839.6
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa36.732.837.340.541.642.041.1
CFA franc zone33.536.234.936.435.735.735.4
WAEMU32.532.733.535.937.337.937.1
CEMAC34.940.536.636.934.033.633.5
SADC30.230.030.932.534.137.938.4
COMESA38.128.938.843.845.544.542.3
Resource intensive countries39.342.141.340.740.542.545.4
Oil39.142.842.341.241.043.346.3
Non-oil40.238.436.238.337.737.539.4
Non-resource intensive countries28.328.329.431.633.436.636.4
Coastal28.031.529.030.532.136.237.4
Landlocked29.820.431.037.740.539.031.9
MDRI30.231.832.034.736.136.837.3
Fixed exchange rate regime37.629.335.940.239.439.235.6
Floating exchange rate regime29.834.232.533.135.038.740.7
Sources: IMF, African Department database, March 29, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, March 29, 2007.
Table SA17.Trade Balance(Percent of GDP)
1997-2001200220032004200520062007
Oil-exporting countries18.315.819.526.934.135.430.2
Angola35.938.728.938.648.041.937.6
Cameroon4.30.81.9−0.40.21.7−0.3
Chad−5.5−70.6−6.529.139.644.638.4
Congo, Rep. of46.652.050.253.360.265.648.0
Côte d'Ivoire14.124.118.516.614.316.116.0
Equatorial Guinea34.572.952.763.169.875.367.7
Gabon35.132.735.239.849.147.138.7
Nigeria15.88.617.526.432.834.529.4
Oil-importing countries−1.4−1.0−1.9−3.4−4.5−5.5−6.1
Benin−10.0−12.2−11.3−11.0−9.6−10.1−9.6
Botswana11.811.910.88.517.315.214.5
Burkina Faso−10.5−10.1−8.9−9.2−10.3−9.5−8.3
Burundi−6.3−12.1−15.3−15.2−22.7−24.8−26.5
Cape Verde−35.0−38.1−37.8−41.0−34.9−38.2−37.7
Central African Republic2.32.00.6−1.1−1.7−1.7−2.0
Comoros−15.9−12.5−12.4−17.1−20.8−22.7−22.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. of6.9−0.3−2.80.7−5.7−4.9−3.0
Eritrea−56.1−51.6−80.4−70.7−44.1−33.4−31.1
Ethiopia−12.1−16.7−17.1−20.9−24.5−25.4−25.0
Gambia, The−15.6−16.9−17.0−22.7−25.4−21.8−23.8
Ghana−16.0−10.7−10.3−17.0−23.7−22.0−24.6
Guinea2.93.54.21.03.23.41.9
Guinea-Bissau−9.9−8.3−3.6−2.7−1.9−11.0−14.5
Kenya−8.3−4.6−7.7−11.6−14.1−15.0−14.6
Lesotho−65.5−56.4−47.7−44.2−40.1−36.5−39.8
Liberian.a.6.0−4.6−28.7−30.2−32.9−25.5
Madagascar−3.2−2.6−3.5−10.1−11.3−8.8−8.1
Malawi−3.7−14.7−14.5−16.3−27.2−19.0−15.6
Mali−0.45.7−1.3−2.4−3.6−1.10.4
Mauritius−8.3−4.4−5.8−6.3−11.3−13.2−15.3
Mozambique−16.7−17.9−14.5−9.0−10.9−6.4−10.7
Namibia−5.7−6.6−10.3−5.1−4.40.4−0.5
Niger−2.4−4.2−4.9−5.2−7.6−7.3−7.5
Rwanda−9.3−9.7−10.7−9.7−11.6−12.7−14.5
São Tomé and Príncipe−39.2−43.5−45.6−50.3−53.3−75.8−73.3
Senegal−7.1−10.1−11.9−12.4−15.4−19.4−17.1
Seychelles−31.5−20.0−13.0−22.2−41.4−35.6−55.2
Sierra Leone−4.7−15.0−16.6−9.6−14.1−9.6−8.1
South Africa2.84.32.1−0.1−0.5−2.5−3.0
Swaziland−8.27.65.45.92.82.51.8
Tanzania−8.0−7.1−6.3−7.6−9.0−13.3−15.0
Togo−10.2−10.3−9.4−13.0−17.3−19.3−17.2
Uganda−6.8−9.0−10.0−9.9−9.6−11.7−11.1
Zambia−5.0−6.9−7.0−0.50.110.78.4
Zimbabwe1.3−0.1−1.0−6.5−8.6−0.80.0
Sub-Saharan Africa3.53.63.95.07.37.45.2
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa0.81.91.53.46.17.55.0
CFA franc zone8.69.29.111.915.818.113.1
WAEMU1.94.91.60.3−1.7−1.7−1.1
CEMAC17.514.518.524.933.337.028.1
SADC2.33.52.01.52.82.62.1
COMESA−0.90.6−1.41.14.26.05.4
Resource intensive countries15.513.516.422.930.131.627.1
Oil18.315.819.526.934.135.430.2
Non-oil2.11.10.51.75.08.47.1
Non-resource intensive countries−1.6−1.1−2.1−3.8−5.2−6.7−7.1
Coastal−0.80.1−0.9−2.9−3.9−5.8−6.5
Landlocked−5.2−4.4−7.5−9.5−12.3−11.5−9.5
MDRI−6.9−7.9−7.8−9.0−11.0−9.9−11.1
Fixed exchange rate regime5.34.85.98.212.114.39.3
Floating exchange rate regime3.13.13.44.16.05.64.1
Sources: IMF, African Department database, March 29, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, March 29, 2007.
Table SA18.External Current Account, Including Grants(Percent of GDP)
1997-2001200220032004200520062007
Oil-exporting countries−2.0−8.0−3.62.58.010.67.4
Angola−14.8−2.7−5.13.513.510.54.0
Cameroon−2.6−5.1−1.8−3.8−3.4−0.5−2.1
Chad−16.0−100.4−47.4−4.81.11.85.3
Congo, Rep. of−9.70.61.01.810.917.53.7
Côte d'Ivoire−1.86.72.11.6−0.11.21.1
Equatorial Guinea−41.7−12.7−38.9−23.5−12.0−4.92.2
Gabon7.06.89.58.918.718.011.6
Nigeria0.8−11.5−2.75.710.815.713.0
Oil-importing countries−2.7−1.5−2.1−3.5−4.3−5.7−5.7
Benin−6.7−8.4−8.3−7.2−6.2−6.4−6.0
Botswana9.53.35.63.015.414.914.5
Burkina Faso−9.8−9.9−8.9−10.6−11.8−10.3−10.0
Burundi−5.0−3.5−4.6−8.1−10.4−13.6−15.3
Cape Verde−10.5−11.1−11.1−14.3−3.4−4.6−8.5
Central African Republic−3.2−3.4−4.7−4.5−2.8−3.3−2.6
Comoros−6.1−1.4−3.1−2.9−3.4−5.5−6.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. of−4.8−3.2−1.8−3.3−10.0−7.5−10.3
Eritrea−6.97.47.65.60.4−2.1−3.7
Ethiopia−3.5−4.7−2.2−5.3−8.6−11.6−10.0
Gambia, The−2.9−2.8−5.1−12.6−20.2−14.3−12.9
Ghana−8.90.51.7−2.7−7.0−8.2−8.4
Guinea−6.3−4.3−3.4−5.4−4.0−3.6−4.6
Guinea-Bissau−13.1−10.7−2.83.1−3.7−5.7−15.6
Kenya−2.92.2−0.2−1.3−3.0−3.3−4.1
Lesotho−22.4−18.3−11.1−3.1−3.06.85.1
Liberian.a.3.5−11.4−2.8−1.6−10.8−8.0
Madagascar−5.1−6.0−4.9−9.1−10.4−8.9−8.6
Malawi−6.4−17.2−7.9−10.1−16.2−7.1−1.2
Mali−8.4−3.1−6.2−8.4−8.9−7.4−5.6
Mauritius−0.45.72.40.8−3.5−5.3−7.4
Mozambique−17.3−19.3−15.1−8.6−11.0−10.4−11.8
Namibia4.64.45.19.57.216.318.3
Niger−6.3−6.5−5.6−7.0−7.4−7.5−10.8
Rwanda−7.6−6.7−7.8−3.0−3.2−8.1−9.4
São Tomé and Príncipe−28.8−24.1−22.7−23.1−30.7−62.2−61.4
Senegal−4.7−5.6−6.2−6.1−8.1−12.0−9.9
Seychelles−15.5−16.36.4−0.3−30.4−23.0−37.8
Sierra Leone−9.2−4.8−7.6−4.9−7.7−4.9−3.8
South Africa−0.70.8−1.1−3.2−3.8−6.4−6.4
Swaziland−3.94.86.53.11.60.70.7
Tanzania−7.3−6.8−4.7−3.9−5.2−9.3−11.0
Togo−11.4−8.9−8.9−9.5−11.1−12.1−8.2
Uganda−6.4−4.9−5.8−1.2−2.1−4.1−4.4
Zambia−14.9−15.3−14.8−11.8−10.0−0.4−2.1
Zimbabwe−2.0−0.6−2.9−8.3−11.2−3.9−0.8
Sub-Saharan Africa−2.5−3.3−2.5−1.8−0.6−0.6−1.7
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa−5.1−3.6−3.6−2.8−1.3−0.5−1.9
CFA franc zone−4.4−5.5−5.2−3.9−1.9−0.4−1.4
WAEMU−5.1−1.6−3.7−4.4−5.7−5.7−5.3
CEMAC−3.7−10.4−7.1−3.41.84.72.6
SADC−2.2−1.0−1.8−2.7−2.2−3.4−4.0
COMESA−5.0−2.1−2.8−1.5−0.50.4−1.5
Resource intensive countries−1.7−7.2−3.12.17.410.17.4
Oil−2.0−8.0−3.62.58.010.67.4
Non-oil−0.7−2.6−0.7−0.43.67.27.2
Non-resource intensive countries−2.9−1.4−2.2−3.7−4.9−6.8−6.7
Coastal−2.3−0.7−1.7−3.4−4.4−6.7−6.9
Landlocked−5.4−3.3−4.2−5.4−7.6−7.1−6.0
MDRI−7.0−6.8−5.4−5.8−7.1−6.9−7.3
Fixed exchange rate regime−3.0−3.2−3.3−2.7−0.51.50.6
Floating exchange rate regime−2.3−3.3−2.2−1.6−0.6−1.1−2.3
Sources: IMF, African Department database, March 29, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, March 29, 2007.
Table SA19.External Current Account, Excluding Grants(Percent of GDP)
1997-2001200220032004200520062007
Oil-exporting countries−3.0−9.8−5.70.45.98.75.5
Angola−15.9−3.0−5.83.413.410.54.0
Cameroon−2.8−6.4−2.4−4.0−3.8−1.6−3.3
Chad−18.0−102.3−50.1−7.9−0.90.63.2
Congo, Rep. of−9.90.40.81.810.917.53.7
Côte d'Ivoire−2.36.51.91.70.10.30.1
Equatorial Guinea−43.4−13.4−39.5−23.9−12.3−5.12.1
Gabon6.77.510.29.719.318.611.5
Nigeria−0.4−14.5−6.51.56.611.89.3
Oil-importing countries−3.9−2.9−3.5−4.7−5.6−6.9−6.8
Benin−9.3−12.0−11.6−10.4−8.2−8.9−8.6
Botswana5.6−0.32.1−2.410.28.58.9
Burkina Faso−13.1−12.6−13.1−13.6−14.9−13.4−13.2
Burundi−10.3−17.5−21.1−25.5−34.2−36.8−37.5
Cape Verde−17.9−16.9−17.2−20.0−8.0−9.6−13.5
Central African Republic−6.5−5.8−5.6−6.6−6.5−6.1−6.1
Comoros−9.4−3.5−3.7−4.1−5.3−9.1−9.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. of−8.7−11.1−10.7−8.8−15.5−15.5−14.4
Eritrea−18.5−6.3−13.6−11.6−15.9−11.3−12.5
Ethiopia−7.0−10.5−9.7−11.2−15.2−18.1−16.8
Gambia, The−10.4−13.4−13.6−21.2−25.3−18.3−21.9
Ghana−12.2−3.1−3.5−8.8−12.3−11.2−11.7
Guinea−7.4−5.6−4.1−5.6−4.6−4.5−5.4
Guinea-Bissau−25.6−18.7−12.0−11.7−11.6−17.0−22.5
Kenya−3.22.2−0.6−1.4−3.0−3.6−4.1
Lesotho−39.2−35.2−26.4−22.5−23.2−17.3−14.9
Liberian.a.−4.4−16.2−44.0−55.8−59.5−53.2
Madagascar−6.2−6.1−7.5−12.9−11.7−10.1−9.4
Malawi−13.4−29.3−17.2−21.3−29.8−21.8−17.2
Mali−10.3−4.4−8.8−10.4−11.0−8.8−7.2
Mauritius−0.65.71.90.4−3.6−5.5−7.7
Mozambique−23.8−23.0−19.9−14.1−16.3−16.3−20.9
Namibia−7.0−4.1−4.7−2.0−3.62.52.0
Niger−8.8−9.4−8.9−10.3−10.1−10.3−11.7
Rwanda−16.8−16.6−19.2−18.2−19.4−18.8−20.7
São Tomé and Príncipe−61.9−54.5−56.7−58.8−62.3−88.8−87.0
Senegal−6.8−7.4−8.0−7.9−9.5−13.2−11.1
Seychelles−17.5−18.24.9−2.3−32.0−21.8−41.3
Sierra Leone−13.2−12.1−14.1−11.5−14.6−10.0−9.2
South Africa−0.11.3−0.5−2.4−3.0−5.4−5.2
Swaziland−12.8−3.6−1.1−5.8−5.8−10.7−11.6
Tanzania−12.3−9.4−8.2−7.5−9.7−13.2−15.0
Togo−14.9−9.6−9.5−10.4−12.0−13.0−9.3
Uganda−12.8−13.2−13.5−11.0−10.6−9.9−11.3
Zambia−16.7−17.9−16.3−12.2−11.8−1.6−3.5
Zimbabwe−3.0−0.7−3.3−8.9−11.8−5.0−1.1
Sub-Saharan Africa−3.7−4.8−4.1−3.3−2.1−2.0−3.0
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa−7.8−5.9−6.5−5.7−4.1−3.2−4.6
CFA franc zone−5.7−6.7−6.5−4.9−2.8−1.5−2.7
WAEMU−6.9−3.1−5.5−5.9−7.0−7.4−6.9
CEMAC−4.2−11.2−7.6−3.81.34.21.8
SADC−2.9−1.7−2.5−3.2−2.7−3.9−4.4
COMESA−7.9−4.6−6.3−5.1−3.8−2.7−4.3
Resource intensive countries−3.3−9.3−5.6−0.54.97.74.9
Oil−3.0−9.8−5.70.45.98.75.5
Non-oil−5.2−6.7−4.9−5.4−1.51.61.3
Non-resource intensive countries−3.9−2.6−3.4−4.7−5.9−7.6−7.4
Coastal−2.5−0.9−2.0−3.5−4.4−6.5−6.6
Landlocked−9.5−6.8−9.8−11.5−14.1−13.4−11.0
MDRI−10.3−10.4−9.3−9.8−11.2−10.4−11.1
Fixed exchange rate regime−5.3−4.7−5.4−5.1−2.6−1.2−2.0
Floating exchange rate regime−3.2−4.8−3.7−2.8−1.9−2.2−3.3
Sources: IMF, African Department database, March 29, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, March 29, 2007.
Table SA20.Official Grants(Percent of GDP)
1997-2001200220032004200520062007
Oil-exporting countries0.91.82.12.12.11.91.9
Angola1.20.30.70.00.10.10.0
Cameroon0.21.30.60.20.51.11.2
Chad2.01.92.73.12.01.22.1
Congo, Rep. of0.30.20.20.00.00.00.0
Côte d'Ivoire0.50.20.3−0.1−0.10.90.9
Equatorial Guinea1.70.70.60.40.30.20.1
Gabon0.3−0.6−0.7−0.7−0.6−0.60.1
Nigeria1.23.03.84.24.13.93.7
Oil-importing countries1.21.41.41.21.21.21.1
Benin2.63.63.23.22.02.52.6
Botswana4.03.63.55.45.26.45.6
Burkina Faso3.32.64.23.03.23.03.1
Burundi5.313.916.517.423.823.222.1
Cape Verde7.55.76.05.74.65.05.0
Central African Republic3.32.40.92.13.72.93.5
Comoros3.32.10.61.31.93.63.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. of3.87.98.95.55.57.94.0
Eritrea11.513.721.317.216.39.28.9
Ethiopia3.55.97.56.06.66.56.8
Gambia, The7.410.68.58.55.13.98.9
Ghana3.23.65.26.15.33.03.3
Guinea1.11.40.70.30.60.90.8
Guinea-Bissau12.58.09.214.77.911.36.9
Kenya0.30.00.40.00.00.30.0
Lesotho16.816.915.419.420.224.220.0
Liberian.a.7.84.841.154.248.645.3
Madagascar1.00.22.63.81.31.20.8
Malawi7.012.29.311.213.614.616.1
Mali1.91.32.62.02.11.51.6
Mauritius0.10.00.50.40.20.20.3
Mozambique6.53.74.95.55.35.99.1
Namibia11.68.59.811.510.713.916.3
Niger2.52.93.33.32.62.80.9
Rwanda9.29.811.415.216.210.711.3
São Tomé and Príncipe33.130.433.935.731.626.625.6
Senegal2.11.81.81.71.41.21.2
Seychelles2.01.81.52.01.6−1.33.5
Sierra Leone4.07.46.56.66.95.15.4
South Africa−0.6−0.5−0.6−0.8−0.8−1.0−1.2
Swaziland8.98.47.68.97.411.412.3
Tanzania5.02.53.53.64.63.93.9
Togo3.50.70.60.91.00.91.1
Uganda6.48.37.79.88.55.86.8
Zambia1.82.51.50.41.81.21.4
Zimbabwe1.00.10.40.50.61.10.3
Sub-Saharan Africa1.21.51.61.51.51.41.3
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa2.72.32.93.02.82.72.7
CFA franc zone1.21.21.21.00.91.11.2
WAEMU1.71.51.81.51.31.61.6
CEMAC0.60.80.50.40.50.50.9
SADC0.70.70.70.50.40.50.4
COMESA2.92.53.63.63.33.12.8
Resource intensive countries1.62.12.52.62.52.52.4
Oil0.91.82.12.12.11.91.9
Non-oil4.64.14.15.05.15.66.0
Non-resource intensive countries1.01.21.21.00.90.80.7
Coastal0.30.20.30.00.0−0.2−0.2
Landlocked4.13.65.66.26.56.35.1
MDRI3.43.63.94.04.13.53.9
Fixed exchange rate regime2.31.52.12.42.22.72.6
Floating exchange rate regime0.91.51.51.21.31.11.0
Sources: IMF, African Department database, March 29, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, March 29, 2007.
Table SA21.Real Effective Exchange Rates

(Annual average; index, 2000 = 100)1

1997-200120022003200420052006
Oil-exporting countries114.2110.5110.0114.5125.5134.9
Angola100.4118.0117.4140.0158.4189.5
Cameroon106.4107.1110.4110.5109.6113.4
Chad109.4115.8119.1114.2119.8128.9
Congo, Rep. of105.5104.4111.2116.1115.4117.5
Cote d'Ivoire103.3107.6115.0116.5116.4116.3
Equatorial Guinea106.4114.9134.4143.8147.7151.2
Gabon105.6100.0104.8105.1102.6104.7
Nigeria135.7111.0105.0107.8124.0133.2
Oil-importing countries100.489.6101.0103.3105.1105.7
Benin103.6106.2115.1117.9120.5120.8
Botswana97.3109.3115.0110.2107.1104.0
Burkina Faso105.6106.8112.2111.5114.8115.2
Burundi107.381.963.664.271.173.4
Cape Verde102.798.5100.397.394.996.5
Central African Republic102.5116.1123.3122.2122.3127.3
Comoros107.0114.0116.9123.8126.1129.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. of81.736.631.730.129.432.9
Eritrea95.988.794.983.5108.4120.8
Ethiopia99.087.190.185.091.399.9
Gambia, The101.371.751.851.253.552.9
Ghana130.599.8100.599.4109.5115.9
Guinea108.292.188.283.165.559.0
Guinea-Bissau101.5105.5107.2108.9106.9108.3
Kenya100.2105.1106.6104.1116.2135.3
Lesotho107.077.9112.2132.2132.8129.8
Liberian.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.
Madagascar98.3119.9106.080.485.085.7
Malawi105.8109.380.473.375.273.2
Mali107.0108.6109.9106.6109.8107.6
Mauritius95.191.689.587.282.681.6
Mozambique97.290.579.783.585.385.6
Namibia99.887.2104.6111.9112.7109.7
Niger104.9106.0108.2108.8113.3111.0
Rwanda105.386.572.669.675.479.6
São Tomé and Príncipe90.095.486.984.289.890.5
Senegal104.9104.0106.6106.7105.3104.7
Seychelles96.7109.1101.194.392.388.6
Sierra Leone103.794.577.769.470.873.4
South Africa104.073.997.3107.6108.5104.1
Swaziland97.988.3102.8113.2113.2112.0
Tanzania98.890.875.067.765.762.6
Togo104.0105.8109.5110.9113.6112.1
Uganda109.993.581.884.688.887.9
Zambia102.8110.9101.7107.8134.7176.4
Zimbabwe99.9359.0198.069.463.381.2
Sub-Saharan Africa102.693.9103.1105.8109.6111.9
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa98.6107.0103.399.8102.9108.7
Excluding Zimbabwe102.988.498.3102.4106.2108.0
CFA franc zone105.2107.7113.5114.4115.7117.3
WAEMU104.7106.9111.9112.2113.8113.0
CEMAC105.8108.8115.7117.1118.2122.5
SADC98.187.7103.4108.2109.4109.5
COMESA92.9111.5102.596.1101.3112.3
Resource intensive countries111.4108.3108.4111.8120.2127.8
Oil114.2110.5110.0114.5125.5134.9
Non-oil102.198.7101.199.896.797.5
Non-resource intensive countries100.389.0101.0103.5105.6106.2
Coastal104.081.698.7105.1107.0105.2
Landlocked92.7112.8101.991.994.4101.5
MDRI105.898.394.391.896.6100.2
Fixed exchange rate regime102.1133.5134.7126.3126.0130.0
Floating exchange rate regime102.784.995.199.7104.1106.1
Sources: IMF, African Department database, March 29, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, March 29, 2007
Table SA22.Nominal Effective Exchange Rates1(Annual average; index, 2000 = 100)
1997-200120022003200420052006
Oil-exporting countries129.383.674.670.970.271.7
Angola934.521.510.89.08.49.1
Cameroon103.8103.7108.6110.8110.1110.3
Chad104.6102.2109.3113.2112.8113.3
Congo, Rep. of104.5105.1112.8116.6116.2115.8
Cote d'Ivoire102.5105.4112.2114.9113.6113.1
Equatorial Guinea107.2102.3114.0119.8119.6120.2
Gabon103.4101.6106.3108.5108.1108.3
Nigeria141.787.074.267.968.069.3
Oil-importing countries111.275.682.383.781.778.5
Benin105.2103.1112.1117.0116.4116.1
Botswana100.1108.5112.4105.199.093.3
Burkina Faso101.5106.8114.3117.7117.8118.7
Burundi122.580.961.456.957.559.7
Cape Verde100.0100.5104.4105.9105.3104.7
Central African Republic103.5102.0106.3108.1107.9108.1
Comoros102.1110.4112.3113.3113.4115.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. of525.04.63.63.22.62.7
Eritrea106.470.462.945.553.752.8
Ethiopia100.699.890.384.984.083.3
Gambia, The100.666.542.337.539.139.3
Ghana156.467.655.049.448.547.5
Guinea109.790.380.266.941.528.6
Guinea-Bissau104.2103.8112.0116.2115.2115.4
Kenya105.5102.497.587.891.496.0
Lesotho113.667.292.0105.8106.4100.1
Liberian.a.67.063.162.257.956.2
Madagascar106.7101.392.863.957.954.0
Malawi147.589.768.061.960.561.2
Mali103.0103.8109.2111.8111.2111.5
Mauritius99.390.286.782.976.871.4
Mozambique100.977.562.659.358.253.3
Namibia105.277.389.693.995.091.0
Niger103.4104.5111.4114.7114.0114.0
Rwanda104.386.069.561.363.063.5
São Tomé and Príncipe106.785.172.663.759.450.1
Senegal102.5103.7109.1111.5111.2111.4
Seychelles98.1109.0100.592.792.592.0
Sierra Leone124.0100.178.462.758.356.5
South Africa107.468.489.8103.1105.3103.6
Swaziland103.184.398.5109.5110.6112.3
Tanzania104.689.673.865.863.057.0
Togo101.1106.5115.8120.5120.0119.8
Uganda110.896.680.783.784.181.6
Zambia127.085.470.869.078.6107.6
Zimbabwe152.192.418.11.00.30.0
Sub-Saharan Africa114.277.380.780.979.377.2
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa118.081.571.865.361.558.8
Excluding Zimbabwe113.476.881.883.883.182.3
CFA franc zone103.2104.2111.1114.5113.9114.0
WAEMU102.8105.2112.4115.8115.1115.2
CEMAC103.9102.9109.4112.7112.3112.5
SADC116.166.174.677.275.372.3
COMESA130.270.355.046.442.740.7
Resource intensive countries124.584.977.072.770.671.1
Oil129.383.674.670.970.271.7
Non-oil109.291.488.681.471.666.6
Non-resource intensive countries111.374.781.883.882.379.2
Coastal107.874.888.996.097.095.1
Landlocked123.274.360.051.346.041.6
MDRI109.892.583.579.478.677.6
Fixed exchange rate regime107.6100.297.289.182.674.8
Floating exchange rate regime116.172.076.578.377.776.9
Sources: IMF, African Department database, March 29, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, March 29, 2007
Table SA23.External Debt to Official Creditors(Percent of GDP)
1997-2001200220032004200520062007
Oil-exporting countries69.761.356.050.628.215.513.6
Angola68.452.745.133.623.717.412.7
Cameroon66.347.044.841.734.53.14.0
Chad61.257.050.235.027.023.726.6
Congo, Rep. of186.3162.4170.6188.971.257.866.3
Côte d'Ivoire72.469.470.368.658.562.451.2
Equatorial Guinea45.29.69.55.93.42.72.9
Gabon69.864.858.340.329.434.028.0
Nigeria64.860.553.149.921.73.44.1
Oil-importing countries36.339.333.528.324.014.912.6
Benin69.066.354.449.747.722.121.8
Botswana10.27.55.34.54.03.73.3
Burkina Faso53.950.841.620.120.88.933.9
Burundi139.1179.9224.0207.3177.3158.8145.3
Cape Verde51.661.861.857.148.545.142.1
Central African Republic82.387.089.585.884.878.571.7
Comoros100.791.390.581.667.769.955.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. of261.8192.4184.7164.3155.861.458.3
Eritrea36.277.192.794.364.354.546.8
Ethiopia57.871.169.562.855.949.345.0
Gambia, The107.8134.6145.5131.0119.0127.7109.7
Ghana93.5117.797.384.945.87.79.2
Guinea97.394.992.882.597.995.784.2
Guinea-Bissau374.3417.6386.9378.7332.0325.7287.7
Kenya38.035.131.729.525.420.619.5
Lesotho60.875.557.146.842.041.940.5
Liberian.a.100.4188.4163.5126.197.384.2
Madagascar114.698.683.577.570.631.131.7
Malawi137.2590.6657.8621.3572.2202.4133.8
Mali99.190.263.866.863.226.727.7
Mauritius24.420.917.914.213.312.312.0
Mozambique101.788.183.073.868.140.541.6
Namibia2.84.55.45.45.66.06.0
Niger85.780.768.257.951.214.617.5
Rwanda67.385.393.491.770.114.815.7
São Tomé and Príncipe670.3605.3547.3505.1458.3417.2188.3
Senegal66.365.154.446.840.217.818.2
Seychelles21.139.734.839.644.935.543.7
Sierra Leone173.6164.9165.3204.7168.7131.685.4
South Africa3.44.53.02.32.12.01.9
Swaziland17.624.718.521.015.714.814.3
Tanzania83.454.253.150.948.148.415.9
Togo88.493.592.482.572.767.761.3
Uganda57.462.163.163.244.441.414.8
Zambia197.9182.4154.5114.456.84.96.7
Zimbabwe38.538.147.149.035.635.635.8
Sub-Saharan Africa44.345.339.734.525.315.112.9
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa75.766.267.661.748.429.924.2
Excluding South Africa73.265.164.258.941.823.719.8
CFA franc zone77.569.163.156.742.929.128.6
WAEMU75.973.064.758.651.937.736.5
CEMAC80.164.261.254.533.821.020.3
SADC27.529.724.720.017.110.38.0
COMESA74.262.772.767.752.929.021.9
Resource intensive countries70.363.156.350.329.416.214.2
Oil69.761.356.050.628.215.513.6
Non-oil73.672.658.249.137.420.317.6
Non-resource intensive countries33.536.931.626.623.014.512.2
Coastal21.624.318.214.612.38.57.2
Landlocked85.168.492.995.683.246.134.2
MDRI84.291.581.573.259.428.122.8
Fixed exchange rate regime61.544.051.149.137.726.723.9
Floating exchange rate regime39.645.936.330.522.012.19.9
Sources: IMF, African Department database, March 29, 2007; and World Economic Outlook (WEO) database, March 29, 2007.
Table SA24.Terms of Trade(Index, 2000 = 100)
1997-2001200220032004200520062007
Oil-exporting countries84.097.098.0105.6135.2155.2139.7