Chapter

Statistical Appendix

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
Published Date:
April 2006
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Estimates and projections used in this report are based on data provided by country desks as of February 24, 2005. Projections are IMF staff estimates. The database is for 42 countries of the IMF African Department; Eritrea and Liberia are excluded because of data limitations. Data follow established international statistical methodologies to the extent possible; however, variable choice may be determined by country-specific definitions. The coverage and definitions of data are therefore not always comparable across countries. More broadly, many countries do not have the ability to compile high-quality data.

Data and Conventions

For Tables SA1, SA2, SA7, SA21, and SA22, country group composites are calculated as the arithmetic average of data for individual countries, weighted by GDP valued at purchasing power parity (PPP) as a share of the total group GDP. The source of PPP weights is the WEO database.

For Tables SA3, SA4, SA6, SA812, SA1420, and SA2324, country group composites are calculated as the arithmetic average of data for individual countries, weighted by GDP in U.S. dollars at market exchange rates as a share of total group GDP.

For Table SA5, country group composites are calculated as the geometric average of data for individual countries, weighted by GDP valued at PPP as a share of the total group GDP. The source of PPP weights is the WEO database.

For Table SA13, country group composites are calculated as the geometric average of data for individual countries, weighted by GDP in U.S. dollars at market exchange rates as a share of total group GDP.

List of Statistical Tables

Table SA1.Real GDP Growth(In percent)
1997–20012001200220032004
Oil-producing countries
Angola4.83.114.43.411.2
Cameroon4.85.36.54.54.5
Chad3.99.99.911.330.5
Congo, Rep. of2.43.65.40.84.0
Côte d’Ivoire2.00.1−1.5−1.6−0.9
Equatorial Guinea38.040.59.618.334.2
Gabon0.12.02.61.9
Nigeria2.73.11.510.73.5
São Tomé and Príncipe2.64.05.05.56.0
Non-oil-producing countries
Benin5.15.06.04.83.0
Botswana6.25.25.06.65.2
Burkina Faso5.86.75.28.04.8
Burundi1.12.14.5−1.25.5
Cape Verde8.36.15.05.34.0
Central African Republic3.40.3−0.6−7.00.9
Comoros2.42.32.32.11.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. of−4.1−2.13.55.76.8
Ethiopia4.57.71.6−3.911.6
Gambia, The5.85.8−3.26.77.7
Ghana4.24.24.55.25.5
Guinea4.14.04.21.22.5
Guinea-Bissau−1.10.2−7.20.64.3
Kenya1.31.11.11.63.1
Lesotho1.43.34.55.22.3
Madagascar4.66.0−12.79.85.3
Malawi1.6−4.12.13.94.3
Mali5.112.14.37.42.2
Mauritius5.87.13.43.04.4
Mozambique9.213.07.47.17.8
Namibia3.32.22.53.74.4
Niger3.77.13.05.30.9
Rwanda8.66.79.40.94.0
Senegal4.34.71.16.56.0
Seychelles3.7−2.21.3−6.3−2.0
Sierra Leone−0.918.127.58.67.4
South Africa2.52.73.62.83.7
Swaziland2.91.72.82.42.1
Tanzania4.46.27.27.16.3
Togo0.80.64.54.42.9
Uganda5.54.96.84.75.9
Zambia2.44.93.35.15.0
Zimbabwe−2.4−2.7−6.0−10.0−4.8
Sub-Saharan Africa3.13.83.54.15.0
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa3.64.83.93.46.4
CFA franc zone5.17.03.95.47.6
WAEMU3.64.42.14.22.5
CEMAC7.310.66.26.913.8
SADC2.32.73.82.94.2
COMESA2.32.92.91.36.0
Oil-producing countries4.04.84.18.07.0
Non-oil-producing countries2.83.53.32.94.4
HIPC (completion point countries)5.16.73.74.36.6
Fixed exchange rate regime3.74.92.63.55.7
Floating exchange rate regime2.93.53.74.24.9
Sources: IMF, African Department database, February 24, 2005; and WEO database, February 24, 2005.
Table SA2.Real Non-Oil GDP Growth(In percent)
1997–20012001200220032004
Oil-producing countries
Angola8.59.47.99.88.8
Cameroon4.95.57.24.84.9
Chad3.58.27.91.5−9.7
Congo, Rep. of1.712.19.75.35.0
Côte d’Ivoire2.00.1−1.8−2.2−1.1
Equatorial Guinea16.37.09.88.612.8
Gabon2.85.30.61.02.3
Nigeria3.74.38.04.44.5
São Tomé and Príncipe2.64.05.05.56.0
Non-oil-producing countries
Benin5.15.06.04.83.0
Botswana5.74.65.85.65.4
Burkina Faso5.86.75.28.04.8
Burundi1.12.14.5−1.25.5
Cape Verde10.86.25.05.34.0
Central African Republic3.40.3−0.6−7.00.9
Comoros2.42.32.32.11.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. of−4.1−2.13.55.76.8
Ethiopia4.57.71.6−3.911.6
Gambia, The5.85.8−3.26.77.7
Ghana4.24.24.55.25.5
Guinea4.14.04.21.22.5
Guinea-Bissau−1.10.2−7.20.64.3
Kenya1.31.11.11.63.1
Lesotho1.43.34.55.22.3
Madagascar4.66.0−12.79.85.3
Malawi1.6−4.12.13.94.3
Mali5.112.14.37.42.2
Mauritius5.87.13.43.04.4
Mozambique9.213.07.47.17.8
Namibia3.32.22.53.74.4
Niger3.77.13.05.30.9
Rwanda8.66.79.40.94.0
Senegal4.34.71.16.56.0
Seychelles3.7−2.21.3−6.3−2.0
Sierra Leone−0.918.127.58.67.4
South Africa2.52.73.62.83.7
Swaziland2.91.72.82.42.1
Tanzania4.46.27.27.16.3
Togo0.80.64.54.42.9
Uganda5.54.96.84.75.9
Zambia2.44.93.35.15.0
Zimbabwe−2.4−2.7−6.0−10.0−4.8
Sub-Saharan Africa3.23.84.13.34.4
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa3.64.53.63.44.9
CFA franc zone4.35.14.04.03.1
WAEMU3.64.42.04.02.5
CEMAC5.36.06.64.03.8
SADC2.43.03.63.24.1
COMESA2.63.52.22.05.7
Oil-producing countries4.44.96.74.54.4
Non-oil-producing countries2.83.53.32.94.4
HIPC (completion point countries)5.16.73.74.36.6
Fixed exchange rate regime3.13.62.72.52.4
Floating exchange rate regime3.23.94.43.54.9
Sources: IMF, African Department database, February 24, 2005; and WEO database, February 24, 2005.
Table SA3.Real Per Capita GDP Growth(In percent)
1997–20012001200220032004
Oil-producing countries
Angola0.20.211.10.58.1
Cameroon2.42.42.21.71.7
Chad7.27.27.38.627.3
Congo, Rep. of0.60.62.4−2.11.1
Côte d’Ivoire−3.1−3.1−4.7−4.8−4.1
Equatorial Guinea37.637.67.415.931.5
Gabon−0.5−0.5−2.40.1−0.6
Nigeria0.30.3−1.27.70.7
São Tomé and Príncipe1.91.93.03.43.9
Non-oil-producing countries
Benin2.22.23.1−0.80.2
Botswana4.44.44.66.45.3
Burkina Faso4.14.12.65.42.2
Burundi−2.8−2.80.7−4.03.4
Cape Verde4.34.33.13.42.1
Central African Republic−1.7−1.7−2.5−8.8−1.1
Comoros−0.4−0.4−0.4−0.6−0.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. of−7.2−7.20.52.63.7
Ethiopia4.64.6−1.1−6.58.5
Gambia, The2.92.9−5.74.05.0
Ghana1.61.61.92.62.9
Guinea1.01.01.3−1.6−0.4
Guinea-Bissau−1.8−1.8−11.5−1.81.7
Kenya−1.0−1.0−0.8−0.21.4
Lesotho1.11.12.62.90.5
Madagascar2.92.9−15.26.72.0
Malawi−6.1−6.1−9.51.92.2
Mali9.69.61.94.9−0.1
Mauritius6.06.02.42.03.4
Mozambique10.110.14.94.55.1
Namibia−0.8−0.8−0.50.71.3
Niger3.93.9−0.12.2−2.1
Rwanda2.12.17.1−1.91.3
Senegal2.22.2−1.23.63.1
Seychelles−2.3−2.31.7−7.4−3.2
Sierra Leone15.115.124.35.94.6
South Africa0.70.71.50.61.8
Swaziland−0.3−0.30.91.31.6
Tanzania3.53.55.15.04.0
Togo−2.4−2.41.31.3−0.2
Uganda1.51.53.31.22.3
Zambia2.42.40.92.72.5
Zimbabwe−2.4−2.4−5.7−11.0−4.5
Sub-Saharan Africa1.31.31.11.62.7
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa2.12.11.20.93.8
CFA franc zone4.24.20.92.54.8
WAEMU1.51.5−0.71.1−0.4
CEMAC7.87.82.94.311.0
SADC0.60.61.70.72.3
COMESA0.20.20.3−1.23.5
Oil-producing countries2.02.01.15.14.1
Non-oil-producing countries1.21.21.10.62.3
HIPC (completion point countries)3.73.70.91.43.8
Fixed exchange rate regime2.82.80.21.03.5
Floating exchange rate regime1.01.01.31.82.5
Sources: IMF, African Department database, February 24, 2005; and WEO database, February 24, 2005.
Table SA4.Real Per Capita GDP(In U.S. dollars, at 2000 prices, using 2000 exchange rates)
1997–20012001200220032004
Oil-producing countries
Angola679686763767828
Cameroon570592605615625
Chad197200215233297
Congo, Rep. of1,1011,1161,1431,1191,132
Côte d’Ivoire603566540514493
Equatorial Guinea9731,4831,5931,8472,429
Gabon4,5514,2094,1084,1114,086
Nigeria356358354382385
São Tomé and Príncipe314319328340353
Non-oil-producing countries
Benin353369381378378
Botswana3,1853,5013,6613,8964,104
Burkina Faso229241248261267
Burundi111107108104107
Cape Verde1,1671,2891,3291,3741,403
Central African Republic255254248226224
Comoros362358356354352
Congo, Dem. Rep. of9279798184
Ethiopia10210710699108
Gambia, The311327308321337
Ghana268276281289297
Guinea374380385379377
Guinea-Bissau183176156153156
Kenya343334331331335
Lesotho399395406417419
Madagascar247258218233238
Malawi168159144146150
Mali249263268281281
Mauritius3,6294,0134,1104,1914,335
Mozambique208232243254267
Namibia1,8451,8431,8341,8471,871
Niger173174174177174
Rwanda236241258253256
Senegal470489483501516
Seychelles7,4577,4677,5977,0326,810
Sierra Leone143152189200210
South Africa3,0093,0663,1123,1323,188
Swaziland1,3461,3521,3651,3821,404
Tanzania266280294309321
Togo286271275278278
Uganda256266275278285
Zambia313322325334342
Zimbabwe733679640569544
Sub-Saharan Africa522525528536545
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa321323325327336
CFA franc zone449452453457467
WAEMU355354350351349
CEMAC659674684697735
SADC939947957962981
COMESA268264264260267
Oil-producing countries454456458478489
Non-oil-producing countries552556558561570
HIPC (completion point countries)216226228233241
Fixed exchange rate regime547547545544551
Floating exchange rate regime516520524533543
Sources: IMF, African Department database, February 24, 2005; and WEO database, February 24, 2005.
Table SA5.Consumer Prices(Annual average percent change)
1997–20012001200220032004
Oil-producing countries
Angola211.0152.6108.998.343.6
Cameroon2.92.86.30.60.5
Chad3.512.45.2−1.8−4.8
Congo, Rep. of3.80.83.11.52.0
Côte d’Ivoire3.34.43.13.31.5
Equatorial Guinea5.67.35.97.08.0
Gabon1.62.10.22.11.0
Nigeria10.018.013.714.015.1
São Tomé and Príncipe29.69.59.29.612.8
Non-oil-producing countries
Benin3.44.02.41.52.6
Botswana7.76.68.18.76.3
Burkina Faso2.24.92.32.0−0.4
Burundi16.19.3−1.310.77.9
Cape Verde3.63.81.81.2−1.9
Central African Republic1.13.82.34.2−2.2
Comoros2.95.93.34.44.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. of284.1357.325.312.83.9
Ethiopia0.6−5.2−7.215.19.0
Gambia, The2.64.58.617.014.6
Ghana22.632.914.826.712.6
Guinea4.75.43.012.917.5
Guinea-Bissau13.43.33.33.03.0
Kenya8.05.82.09.811.5
Lesotho7.66.911.27.65.5
Madagascar7.36.916.2−1.113.8
Malawi28.127.214.99.611.6
Mali1.35.22.4−1.3−3.1
Mauritius6.14.85.95.24.4
Mozambique6.39.016.813.412.6
Namibia8.49.311.37.25.5
Niger2.44.02.7−1.80.4
Rwanda4.73.42.07.412.0
Senegal1.53.02.30.5
Seychelles3.11.90.23.24.0
Sierra Leone17.32.6−3.78.213.7
South Africa6.45.79.25.81.5
Swaziland7.27.511.77.43.5
Tanzania9.85.24.64.54.6
Togo2.43.93.1−0.91.2
Uganda2.9−2.05.75.15.9
Zambia24.721.722.221.518.0
Zimbabwe48.376.7140.0431.7282.4
Sub-Saharan Africa14.615.712.513.79.2
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa22.923.714.920.314.0
CFA franc zone2.84.33.61.30.7
WAEMU2.64.22.70.90.4
CEMAC3.04.54.91.91.1
SADC21.021.517.717.49.8
COMESA40.340.024.035.524.3
Oil-producing countries20.122.818.617.013.0
Non-oil-producing countries13.113.810.812.88.1
HIPC (completion point countries)6.56.24.89.77.1
Fixed exchange rate regime9.813.416.723.916.7
Floating exchange rate regime15.816.311.511.47.5
Sources: IMF, African Department database, February 24, 2005; and WEO database, February 24, 2005.
Table SA6.Total Investment(In percent of GDP)
1997–20012001200220032004
Oil-producing countries
Angola23.313.413.312.810.3
Cameroon17.317.718.316.917.2
Chad23.546.162.956.424.9
Congo, Rep. of24.826.423.322.921.6
Côte d’Ivoire13.812.211.76.36.7
Equatorial Guinea78.470.269.743.143.5
Gabon28.425.824.424.024.2
Nigeria22.922.726.023.120.0
São Tomé and Príncipe39.435.832.536.134.4
Non-oil-producing countries
Benin18.219.217.818.217.6
Botswana25.521.427.727.425.9
Burkina Faso20.218.517.517.018.6
Burundi6.26.26.411.312.4
Cape Verde20.818.221.218.017.4
Central African Republic9.68.49.06.06.8
Comoros12.411.812.211.810.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. of15.85.29.012.213.9
Ethiopia16.917.820.420.522.5
Gambia, The18.417.421.620.024.6
Ghana24.026.619.722.926.5
Guinea19.015.313.19.910.7
Guinea-Bissau15.114.49.412.412.4
Kenya16.414.613.412.913.3
Lesotho45.740.337.333.531.4
Madagascar15.318.514.317.924.4
Malawi13.413.810.510.811.9
Mali21.927.018.625.618.9
Mauritius25.823.121.422.924.3
Mozambique25.124.625.026.918.7
Namibia22.423.417.222.722.6
Niger11.412.114.214.215.9
Rwanda16.418.416.918.420.9
Senegal18.519.216.720.722.4
Seychelles31.834.328.419.320.9
Sierra Leone4.87.610.114.219.6
South Africa16.215.316.117.217.9
Swaziland21.224.619.818.018.2
Tanzania16.217.019.118.619.2
Togo21.221.821.327.027.1
Uganda18.618.619.720.721.7
Zambia17.420.022.025.625.1
Zimbabwe15.55.6−8.8−13.04.0
Sub-Saharan Africa18.517.616.318.118.4
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa19.317.813.917.318.3
CFA franc zone19.721.320.919.118.6
WAEMU16.817.015.314.915.0
CEMAC23.626.827.924.622.9
SADC17.415.312.816.717.7
COMESA18.114.67.713.816.3
Oil-producing countries22.021.723.520.318.1
Non-oil-producing countries17.416.113.717.218.5
HIPC (completion point countries)18.919.818.820.421.1
Fixed exchange rate regime20.018.811.617.218.8
Floating exchange rate regime18.117.318.218.318.3
Sources: IMF, African Department database, February 24, 2005; and WEO database, February 24, 2005.
Table SA7.Domestic Saving(In percent of GDP)
1997–20012001200220032004
Oil-producing countries
Angola24.415.125.219.428.3
Cameroon19.520.416.817.117.3
Chad3.59.710.723.543.3
Congo, Rep. of44.053.150.047.553.6
Côte d’Ivoire22.120.829.419.018.6
Equatorial Guinea51.770.472.383.866.2
Gabon49.852.144.246.349.4
Nigeria29.031.925.930.739.9
São Tomé and Príncipe−13.5−23.0−17.5−16.7−22.1
Non-oil-producing countries
Benin5.96.54.75.55.2
Botswana39.738.838.338.839.1
Burkina Faso5.64.85.05.56.8
Burundi−4.4−8.9−10.8−9.1−27.6
Cape Verde−13.3−13.7−13.4−14.4−13.6
Central African Republic4.73.94.30.10.1
Comoros−6.8−1.4−2.3−1.7−3.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. of17.43.24.05.06.7
Ethiopia4.33.12.52.32.1
Gambia, The10.611.915.113.615.7
Ghana6.27.07.310.97.7
Guinea15.214.09.17.37.0
Guinea-Bissau−7.3−20.0−12.0−1.0−4.7
Kenya8.45.17.98.39.3
Lesotho−20.3−12.6−18.6−15.1−10.1
Madagascar8.415.37.78.99.4
Malawi2.72.7−6.7−11.4−8.2
Mali12.317.618.520.014.0
Mauritius24.425.925.825.024.8
Mozambique6.74.83.89.18.2
Namibia13.216.610.614.513.9
Niger3.54.45.34.76.3
Rwanda−0.62.6−0.82.8
Senegal10.99.52.77.710.0
Seychelles18.614.623.323.219.1
Sierra Leone−6.0−10.0−9.4−7.1−0.9
South Africa18.419.019.818.117.5
Swaziland4.413.411.49.010.8
Tanzania5.78.611.69.58.8
Togo7.75.16.89.09.9
Uganda8.36.45.77.09.0
Zambia6.44.48.612.918.3
Zimbabwe13.31.1−12.5−21.2−6.0
Sub-Saharan Africa18.118.315.517.920.5
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa14.513.310.213.716.9
CFA franc zone20.622.421.921.523.5
WAEMU13.613.015.112.812.4
CEMAC29.834.530.533.036.6
SADC17.516.313.616.117.5
COMESA11.77.83.07.412.6
Oil-producing countries28.329.827.628.735.4
Non-oil-producing countries14.713.911.113.714.5
HIPC (completion point countries)7.07.97.18.47.9
Fixed exchange rate regime19.218.510.517.621.6
Floating exchange rate regime17.818.217.517.920.2
Sources: IMF, African Department database, February 24, 2005; and WEO database, February 24, 2005.
Table SA8.Overall Fiscal Balance, Including Grants(In percent of GDP)
1997–20012001200220032004
Oil-producing countries
Angola−14.1−1.6−9.3−7.5−1.4
Cameroon−0.42.41.62.00.4
Chad−5.3−5.3−5.9−6.2−2.2
Congo, Rep. of−6.9−0.7−8.10.45.4
Côte d’Ivoire−1.61.0−1.7−2.5−1.5
Equatorial Guinea5.516.717.05.812.8
Gabon0.73.23.57.47.9
Nigeria−2.8−4.9−4.2−1.58.2
São Tomé and Príncipe−24.0−20.4−17.2−17.0−26.1
Non-oil-producing countries
Benin0.2−1.5−2.4−2.6−2.1
Botswana1.8−1.4−3.7−1.1−1.9
Burkina Faso−3.2−3.9−4.8−2.9−4.4
Burundi−4.8−5.2−1.4−6.3−0.4
Cape Verde−10.6−4.6−2.5−3.2−2.9
Central African Republic−0.9−0.9−1.2−3.1−1.6
Comoros−2.9−3.6−5.1−4.1−2.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. of−5.0−1.7−2.7−4.7−3.9
Ethiopia−6.8−5.5−9.3−8.4−4.5
Gambia, The−5.5−13.9−4.6−4.7−3.6
Ghana−8.4−7.7−5.0−3.5−2.4
Guinea−2.8−4.1−4.4−5.1−3.1
Guinea-Bissau−12.4−11.7−11.5−13.8−5.5
Kenya−1.1−2.4−3.4−1.8−1.5
Lesotho−3.80.6−4.20.73.2
Madagascar−3.6−4.3−5.5−4.2−3.5
Malawi−5.7−7.4−11.6−6.6−5.2
Mali−2.9−4.1−4.3−2.2−4.1
Mauritius−4.8−5.7−6.0−6.0−5.4
Mozambique−3.8−6.5−8.2−4.5−4.9
Namibia−3.2−3.8−3.7−6.9−3.4
Niger−3.6−3.2−2.8−2.7−2.7
Rwanda−2.0−1.3−1.9−2.5−0.3
Senegal−0.7−2.5−0.1−1.4−2.7
Seychelles−12.5−12.3−18.71.40.9
Sierra Leone−9.0−8.8−8.3−7.6−5.8
South Africa−2.4−1.5−1.2−2.0−2.9
Swaziland−0.5−2.7−4.2−3.1−2.7
Tanzania−1.0−1.2−1.0−1.4−3.0
Togo−2.8−0.4−0.42.51.3
Uganda−3.0−2.6−5.3−4.3−1.7
Zambia−4.4−7.2−5.1−6.0−3.0
Zimbabwe−8.7−7.0−2.7−0.2−5.3
Sub-Saharan Africa−3.0−2.6−2.8−2.2−0.8
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa−3.7−2.7−3.5−2.7−1.6
CFA franc zone−1.40.3−0.7−0.30.4
WAEMU−1.9−1.5−2.2−2.2−2.4
CEMAC−0.92.51.22.33.6
SADC−3.2−2.4−2.5−2.6−2.9
COMESA−5.5−4.2−4.9−4.6−2.8
Oil-producing countries−3.2−2.2−3.2−1.44.7
Non-oil-producing countries−3.0−2.8−2.7−2.5−2.9
HIPC (completion point countries)−3.6−3.8−4.3−3.4−3.2
Fixed exchange rate regime−2.4−1.6−1.9−0.7−0.4
Floating exchange rate regime−3.2−2.9−3.2−2.7−0.9
Sources: IMF, African Department database, February 24, 2005; and WEO database, February 24, 2005.
Table SA9.Overall Fiscal Balance, Excluding Grants(In percent of GDP)
1997–20012001200220032004
Oil-producing countries
Angola−16.8−4.0−9.3−7.5−1.5
Cameroon−0.52.01.31.40.3
Chad−10.7−10.5−12.0−14.3−6.0
Congo, Rep. of−7.2−0.9−8.3−0.15.2
Côte d’Ivoire−2.30.4−2.2−3.1−1.5
Equatorial Guinea5.116.717.05.812.7
Gabon0.73.23.47.47.7
Nigeria−2.8−4.9−4.2−1.58.2
São Tomé and Príncipe−49.7−58.2−44.3−49.5−57.0
Non-oil-producing countries
Benin−2.9−4.2−3.5−4.6−5.5
Botswana1.4−1.6−4.0−1.2−2.1
Burkina Faso−10.0−11.0−10.0−8.2−9.3
Burundi−7.1−7.2−5.7−14.2−21.9
Cape Verde−19.2−10.4−10.8−8.5−8.5
Central African Republic−7.0−4.3−5.0−4.6−4.5
Comoros−9.1−8.0−9.3−6.3−4.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. of−5.0−1.7−3.1−6.7−7.5
Ethiopia−10.3−10.3−14.0−16.4−10.2
Gambia, The−7.3−16.0−9.1−7.2−8.0
Ghana−11.3−14.6−8.1−8.2−8.5
Guinea−5.6−7.5−6.2−7.9−4.0
Guinea-Bissau−22.2−26.2−17.7−21.5−18.2
Kenya−2.2−4.5−4.2−3.8−3.0
Lesotho−6.4−2.2−8.0−1.30.7
Madagascar−7.6−8.2−7.7−9.3−9.3
Malawi−12.1−14.4−17.4−17.4−17.1
Mali−7.6−7.8−8.0−6.6−8.7
Mauritius−5.0−5.8−6.3−6.3−5.7
Mozambique−14.1−21.2−19.9−15.1−13.2
Namibia−3.4−4.0−3.8−7.0−3.6
Niger−8.3−7.9−7.7−7.5−7.6
Rwanda−9.1−9.5−9.1−10.5−12.8
Senegal−2.9−4.3−1.9−3.5−4.4
Seychelles−13.1−12.7−18.71.40.9
Sierra Leone−13.4−14.7−16.5−20.3−17.1
South Africa−2.4−1.5−1.2−2.0−2.9
Swaziland−1.3−3.8−5.4−4.1−3.7
Tanzania−4.5−4.7−5.1−7.2−8.9
Togo−3.8−0.9−0.81.90.9
Uganda−8.7−10.5−12.2−11.3−11.3
Zambia−10.7−13.0−13.4−13.0−8.5
Zimbabwe−9.7−7.5−2.8−0.4−5.3
Sub-Saharan Africa−4.2−3.9−3.9−3.5−2.0
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa−6.2−5.6−5.5−5.6−4.4
CFA franc zone−3.3−1.5−2.3−2.1−1.1
WAEMU−4.5−3.9−4.3−4.5−4.6
CEMAC−1.81.70.31.23.0
SADC−4.0−3.2−3.2−3.3−3.6
COMESA−7.9−6.9−6.5−7.6−5.9
Oil-producing countries−3.8−2.7−3.5−1.84.5
Non-oil-producing countries−4.4−4.4−4.1−4.2−4.5
HIPC (completion point countries)−8.0−9.2−8.7−9.0−8.9
Fixed exchange rate regime−4.0−2.9−2.9−2.2−1.6
Floating exchange rate regime−4.2−4.2−4.3−3.9−2.0
Sources: IMF, African Department database, February 24, 2005; and WEO database, February 24, 2005.
Table SA10.Government Revenue, Excluding Grants(In percent of GDP)
1997–20012001200220032004
Oil-producing countries
Angola42.645.140.537.537.2
Cameroon17.220.619.218.216.8
Chad7.87.57.98.58.8
Congo, Rep. of26.930.727.229.129.6
Côte d’Ivoire19.418.919.616.416.6
Equatorial Guinea23.130.331.226.733.8
Gabon32.734.031.529.829.3
Nigeria19.826.322.921.326.3
São Tomé and Príncipe19.421.223.325.628.4
Non-oil-producing countries
Benin15.716.216.917.015.8
Botswana42.942.040.340.942.1
Burkina Faso11.810.911.412.112.8
Burundi17.220.020.321.120.6
Cape Verde20.120.521.520.423.2
Central African Republic8.98.910.87.77.8
Comoros12.214.016.716.114.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. of5.46.57.97.79.1
Ethiopia18.218.820.019.518.6
Gambia, The17.815.116.315.720.3
Ghana17.618.118.020.824.1
Guinea11.111.312.010.511.0
Guinea-Bissau14.816.815.315.617.5
Kenya24.621.921.220.721.6
Lesotho42.840.838.939.344.3
Madagascar10.710.18.010.312.1
Malawi16.918.117.722.023.8
Mali13.213.215.215.516.1
Mauritius19.617.918.220.320.0
Mozambique12.313.314.214.314.0
Namibia32.431.531.930.631.9
Niger8.99.310.69.910.5
Rwanda10.411.412.313.513.3
Senegal17.218.019.119.319.2
Seychelles42.537.839.949.449.3
Sierra Leone8.913.012.111.712.1
South Africa23.523.423.423.423.4
Swaziland28.526.925.425.329.0
Tanzania11.211.211.011.412.2
Togo13.515.112.616.816.5
Uganda11.311.312.212.112.6
Zambia19.019.117.918.018.4
Zimbabwe25.019.217.924.932.7
Sub-Saharan Africa21.722.421.421.823.1
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa20.220.319.820.521.7
CFA franc zone18.419.619.318.318.6
WAEMU16.116.016.715.916.0
CEMAC21.424.222.521.521.7
SADC23.723.422
Oil-producing countries22.827.124.722.925.7
Non-oil-producing countries21.220.620.221.422.1
HIPC (completion point countries)13.813.914.315.015.9
Fixed exchange rate regime22.422.220.922.122.9
Floating exchange rate regime21.522.521.621.723.2
Sources: IMF, African Department database, February 24, 2005; and WEO database, February 24, 2005.
Table SA11.Government Expenditure(In percent of GDP)
1997–20012001200220032004
Oil-producing countries
Angola59.449.049.845.038.7
Cameroon17.818.617.816.816.5
Chad18.518.019.922.814.8
Congo, Rep. of34.131.635.529.324.4
Côte d’Ivoire21.618.521.819.518.1
Equatorial Guinea18.013.614.220.821.1
Gabon31.930.828.122.421.6
Nigeria22.631.227.122.818.2
São Tomé and Príncipe69.179.467.675.185.4
Non-oil-producing countries
Benin18.620.320.421.621.3
Botswana41.543.644.342.144.2
Burkina Faso21.721.821.420.322.1
Burundi24.327.225.935.342.5
Cape Verde39.330.932.328.931.7
Central African Republic15.913.215.812.212.3
Comoros21.322.026.022.419.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. of10.58.211.014.416.6
Ethiopia28.529.134.035.928.8
Gambia, The25.231.125.422.928.2
Ghana28.832.726.129.032.6
Guinea16.718.818.318.315.0
Guinea-Bissau37.043.032.937.135.8
Kenya26.826.525.424.424.6
Lesotho49.243.046.940.643.6
Madagascar18.318.415.719.621.4
Malawi29.132.535.139.540.9
Mali20.821.123.222.124.8
Mauritius24.623.724.526.625.7
Mozambique26.434.634.129.427.2
Namibia35.835.535.637.635.5
Niger17.217.218.417.418.2
Rwanda19.621.021.324.126.1
Senegal20.122.421.022.823.6
Seychelles55.650.558.748.048.4
Sierra Leone22.327.728.632.029.2
South Africa25.924.924.625.426.3
Swaziland29.830.730.929.432.8
Tanzania15.615.916.118.621.1
Togo17.416.013.414.915.6
Uganda20.021.824.423.423.9
Zambia29.632.131.330.926.9
Zimbabwe34.726.620.725.338.1
Sub-Saharan Africa25.826.325.325.425.1
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa26.425.925.326.126.1
CFA franc zone21.721.121.620.419.7
WAEMU20.620.021.020.420.6
CEMAC23.222.522.220.318.7
SADC27.726.625.927.328.0
COMESA29.828.126.829.729.7
Oil-producing countries26.629.828.224.621.2
Non-oil-producing countries25.525.124.325.626.6
HIPC (completion point countries)21.823.123.024.024.7
Fixed exchange rate regime26.425.123.724.224.5
Floating exchange rate regime25.726.726.025.725.2
Sources: IMF, African Department database, February 24, 2005; and WEO database, February 24, 2005.
Table SA12.Broad Money(In percent of GDP)
1997–20012001200220032004
Oil-producing countries
Angola19.021.222.817.515.8
Cameroon14.917.320.619.319.0
Chad11.912.413.512.08.8
Congo, Rep. of14.412.613.913.712.4
Côte d’Ivoire24.626.033.027.327.3
Equatorial Guinea6.55.67.48.78.7
Gabon13.614.815.915.514.4
Nigeria19.119.423.421.520.7
São Tomé and Príncipe35.342.043.252.147.3
Non-oil-producing countries
Benin29.234.130.328.327.9
Botswana27.931.827.728.728.7
Burkina Faso21.520.319.220.420.4
Burundi19.020.224.126.927.3
Cape Verde63.764.568.568.470.5
Central African Republic17.015.514.413.813.9
Comoros20.527.528.525.223.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. of6.25.04.75.16.5
Ethiopia41.945.453.253.449.3
Gambia, The32.136.143.545.944.3
Ghana24.926.931.432.032.7
Guinea10.311.312.615.017.4
Guinea-Bissau34.248.261.571.580.3
Kenya44.236.736.436.234.4
Lesotho32.031.228.126.426.5
Madagascar19.422.123.323.020.1
Malawi15.514.918.320.522.5
Mali21.122.026.929.731.3
Mauritius76.277.680.582.487.6
Mozambique24.631.431.931.428.8
Namibia38.836.139.442.243.4
Niger8.59.69.07.49.0
Rwanda16.917.317.618.517.2
Senegal24.127.128.130.029.8
Seychelles89.0101.8108.8111.4114.0
Sierra Leone15.918.219.320.218.3
South Africa56.858.459.962.665.3
Swaziland24.221.220.720.620.7
Tanzania14.113.314.114.615.7
Togo24.325.823.926.026.0
Uganda14.215.818.720.019.6
Zambia20.121.022.321.822.5
Zimbabwe36.533.637.258.844.6
Sub-Saharan Africa37.837.338.441.242.3
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa25.426.128.828.026.4
CFA franc zone19.220.322.721.721.0
WAEMU23.124.827.526.126.4
CEMAC14.014.716.716.014.6
SADC48.348.247.753.255.2
COMESA31.631.133.734.431.4
Oil-producing countries18.619.322.920.419.3
Non-oil-producing countries44.044.144.149.151.5
HIPC (completion point countries)22.524.326.326.926.9
Fixed exchange rate regime24.325.529.327.825.1
Floating exchange rate regime41.540.742.045.046.9
Sources: IMF, African Department database, February 24, 2005; and WEO database, February 24, 2005.
Table SA13.Broad Money Growth(In percent)
1997–20012001200220032004
Oil-producing countries
Angola270.9163.2158.167.543.2
Cameroon13.617.929.5−0.95.0
Chad4.122.924.2−3.110.4
Congo, Rep. of10.5−22.813.1−2.46.4
Côte d’Ivoire6.011.830.8−6.61.9
Equatorial Guinea32.633.453.757.144.8
Gabon7.812.07.3−0.31.4
Nigeria28.127.221.624.1
São Tomé and Príncipe41.318.818.636.83.4
Non-oil-producing countries
Benin16.712.7−3.80.25.2
Botswana25.431.2−1.115.58.1
Burkina Faso5.63.32.916.38.5
Burundi13.516.227.223.115.9
Cape Verde10.29.814.38.68.2
Central African Republic−2.3−1.1−4.3−8.01.7
Comoros15.358.610.3−4.6−2.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. of264.6216.730.228.246.0
Ethiopia9.19.512.310.414.2
Gambia, The19.919.435.343.419.2
Ghana35.341.449.638.122.1
Guinea14.114.819.235.337.5
Guinea-Bissau36.99.924.113.619.9
Kenya2.82.58.812.77.4
Lesotho10.317.02.75.38.8
Madagascar17.829.86.311.25.5
Malawi27.88.947.629.329.8
Mali9.119.228.421.96.6
Mauritius12.09.913.011.717.5
Mozambique29.431.121.518.712.0
Namibia10.84.524.39.612.7
Niger7.232.8−0.4−13.424.7
Rwanda14.79.211.415.29.3
Senegal10.914.57.614.67.4
Seychelles16.911.413.11.64.2
Sierra Leone28.533.730.123.912.1
South Africa13.317.317.212.314.6
Swaziland10.410.713.114.18.6
Tanzania10.714.921.316.919.1
Togo4.4−3.6−2.16.38.8
Uganda18.417.521.623.39.3
Zambia32.110.831.523.430.2
Zimbabwe48.3102.7164.8413.5236.5
Sub-Saharan Africa20.520.631.718.517.6
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa26.231.043.023.418.4
CFA franc zone9.211.717.93.07.7
WAEMU8.112.815.13.26.5
CEMAC10.610.421.62.69.1
SADC23.930.540.222.319.7
COMESA42.947.767.843.529.6
Oil-producing countries31.514.737.917.520.0
Non-oil-producing countries17.422.929.518.916.6
HIPC (completion point countries)15.819.517.316.312.8
Fixed exchange rate regime15.225.852.021.014.9
Floating exchange rate regime21.919.124.517.818.3
Sources: IMF, African Department database, February 24, 2005; and WEO database, February 24, 2005.
Table SA14.Claims on Nonfinancial Private Sector(In percent of broad money)
1997–20012001200220032004
Oil-producing countries
Angola20.819.722.932.236.8
Cameroon61.359.655.461.058.9
Chad51.652.642.053.849.2
Congo, Rep. of59.940.221.627.128.3
Côte d’Ivoire70.666.250.548.647.5
Equatorial Guinea63.657.755.233.426.5
Gabon80.582.083.175.568.3
Nigeria62.356.362.458.359.7
São Tomé and Príncipe18.415.619.832.239.4
Non-oil-producing countries
Benin31.732.739.452.354.3
Botswana55.956.869.665.665.8
Burkina Faso50.858.868.767.169.2
Burundi91.4109.3113.197.385.6
Cape Verde49.149.048.050.952.0
Central African Republic35.038.747.151.252.1
Comoros43.327.727.832.729.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. of13.416.120.315.517.2
Ethiopia50.949.741.134.333.5
Gambia, The4.120.415.110.58.8
Ghana53.359.948.148.953.6
Guinea49.746.341.736.629.9
Guinea-Bissau18.66.34.82.72.2
Kenya76.773.570.867.272.4
Lesotho57.244.223.325.726.0
Madagascar47.643.040.639.047.5
Malawi35.428.726.626.929.4
Mali69.569.465.763.256.6
Mauritius73.277.073.869.965.6
Mozambique70.062.453.544.444.5
Namibia98.7102.9121.3123.6128.4
Niger50.548.255.670.358.3
Rwanda55.459.160.760.558.3
Senegal71.572.470.570.369.5
Seychelles66.798.5101.195.890.7
Sierra Leone16.012.215.220.725.8
South Africa113.8113.1100.8107.0101.4
Swaziland58.057.365.175.779.0
Tanzania30.934.436.142.252.0
Togo64.956.053.265.164.1
Uganda43.740.834.836.138.8
Zambia51.450.443.033.738.4
Zimbabwe87.269.372.185.082.7
Sub-Saharan Africa79.577.271.276.074.8
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa56.155.154.853.653.3
CFA franc zone62.461.056.357.654.5
WAEMU63.461.557.058.556.9
CEMAC63.660.455.456.351.6
SADC95.891.981.791.188.3
COMESA56.554.557.053.353.6
Oil-producing countries60.054.854.653.453.1
Non-oil-producing countries88.585.677.284.683.5
HIPC (completion point countries)51.250.147.749.451.8
Fixed exchange rate regime65.964.064.363.960.6
Floating exchange rate regime85.481.173.879.478.7
Sources: IMF, African Department database, February 24, 2005; and WEO database, February 24, 2005.
Table SA15.Exports of Goods and Services(In percent of GDP)
1997–20012001200220032004
Oil-producing countries
Angola75.276.677.670.271.4
Cameroon27.831.827.425.625.4
Chad17.215.212.121.053.8
Congo, Rep. of76.980.180.777.685.2
Côte d’Ivoire44.645.154.445.545.1
Equatorial Guinea100.1105.7112.9109.6106.0
Gabon59.359.156.057.062.0
Nigeria43.043.340.849.252.1
São Tomé and Príncipe31.832.636.637.538.9
Non-oil-producing countries
Benin15.915.013.814.113.7
Botswana55.051.552.346.648.2
Burkina Faso9.99.19.08.99.9
Burundi8.07.06.29.77.9
Cape Verde25.429.029.729.730.5
Central African Republic19.916.515.511.411.4
Comoros14.915.916.017.416.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. of22.218.621.226.130.7
Ethiopia15.215.116.217.118.3
Gambia, The45.139.046.147.547.7
Ghana38.545.242.540.739.7
Guinea22.526.624.522.021.3
Guinea-Bissau24.128.629.931.332.1
Kenya26.426.526.725.125.5
Lesotho30.845.952.545.640.1
Madagascar25.529.116.023.129.9
Malawi27.228.024.327.630.7
Mali24.229.031.926.627.7
Mauritius60.258.961.057.754.5
Mozambique18.529.233.031.332.5
Namibia45.043.443.637.636.9
Niger17.016.915.915.516.5
Rwanda7.49.27.78.310.2
Senegal30.130.730.628.527.6
Seychelles70.980.777.688.394.1
Sierra Leone15.416.016.419.922.2
South Africa26.729.832.527.226.3
Swaziland79.791.892.488.483.9
Tanzania14.515.215.216.717.6
Togo30.433.735.245.147.8
Uganda11.812.012.012.314.5
Zambia29.029.028.628.934.2
Zimbabwe32.614.15.217.930.6
Sub-Saharan Africa31.933.832.833.835.3
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa33.633.930.935.138.7
CFA franc zone36.438.739.537.140.9
WAEMU30.831.234.530.930.8
CEMAC43.948.545.745.352.8
SADC30.432.231.331.331.6
COMESA33.831.926.034.939.5
Oil-producing countries47.048.548.450.754.5
Non-oil-producing countries26.928.327.227.427.6
HIPC (completion point countries)20.322.221.522.023.1
Fixed exchange rate regime38.436.730.137.741.9
Floating exchange rate regime30.133.033.932.733.5
Sources: IMF, African Department database, February 24, 2005; and WEO database, February 24, 2005.
Table SA16.Imports of Goods and Services(In percent of GDP)
1997–20012001200220032004
Oil-producing countries
Angola74.174.965.663.753.4
Cameroon25.629.228.925.425.2
Chad37.251.664.353.935.3
Congo, Rep. of57.853.454.053.053.2
Côte d’Ivoire36.236.536.732.833.2
Equatorial Guinea123.1102.4112.476.484.9
Gabon37.932.836.334.636.9
Nigeria36.934.040.941.635.1
São Tomé and Príncipe84.691.486.691.095.4
Non-oil-producing countries
Benin28.227.726.926.826.0
Botswana45.941.241.534.441.3
Burkina Faso24.522.821.420.421.8
Burundi18.622.123.430.147.8
Cape Verde59.560.964.362.161.5
Central African Republic24.821.020.217.318.1
Comoros34.029.130.630.930.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. of20.720.726.133.337.9
Ethiopia27.829.834.135.338.6
Gambia, The53.044.454.456.657.3
Ghana56.364.854.952.758.5
Guinea26.327.928.424.625.1
Guinea-Bissau46.362.951.444.749.2
Kenya34.535.730.529.833.4
Lesotho96.898.9108.494.281.6
Madagascar32.432.322.632.144.9
Malawi38.439.245.849.750.3
Mali33.838.332.032.132.6
Mauritius64.462.460.757.054.6
Mozambique36.949.054.249.043.1
Namibia54.250.250.245.845.9
Niger24.924.624.725.026.0
Rwanda24.425.124.527.628.4
Senegal37.640.441.741.540.0
Seychelles84.3102.084.084.395.9
Sierra Leone27.234.335.941.343.5
South Africa24.326.128.925.526.7
Swaziland97.4107.192.189.491.2
Tanzania25.323.622.623.527.9
Togo43.950.449.763.165.0
Uganda22.024.226.026.027.3
Zambia40.044.642.041.640.9
Zimbabwe33.817.37.626.140.6
Sub-Saharan Africa32.333.333.433.733.9
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa38.638.934.438.640.7
CFA franc zone35.437.538.235.136.1
WAEMU34.035.134.233.133.4
CEMAC37.440.543.337.739.2
SADC30.431.530.431.232.1
COMESA40.338.830.241.243.8
Oil-producing countries40.640.344.342.538.7
Non-oil-producing countries29.730.729.530.332.0
HIPC (completion point countries)32.234.132.933.736.3
Fixed exchange rate regime39.437.330.537.239.7
Floating exchange rate regime30.432.134.632.732.3
Sources: IMF, African Department database, February 24, 2005; and WEO database, February 24, 2005.
Table SA17.Trade Balance(In percent of GDP)
1997–20012001200220032004
Oil-producing countries
Angola35.938.840.829.135.4
Cameroon4.86.00.81.91.6
Chad−6.5−19.7−31.8−14.930.0
Congo, Rep. of47.249.351.148.556.2
Côte d’Ivoire15.415.226.421.821.2
Equatorial Guinea30.743.829.756.544.2
Gabon35.137.533.135.639.9
Nigeria15.317.49.516.925.0
São Tomé and Príncipe−37.1−43.5−43.7−46.2−45.8
Non-oil-producing countries
Benin−10.5−10.7−11.6−11.1−10.5
Botswana13.113.711.412.37.1
Burkina Faso−10.7−10.0−9.3−8.5−8.6
Burundi−6.3−10.4−11.6−15.8−24.9
Cape Verde−35.0−33.8−36.2−34.0−33.7
Central African Republic2.33.62.30.4−0.7
Comoros−14.9−10.5−11.8−10.3−14.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. of6.91.4−0.3−2.8−2.1
Ethiopia−14.7−16.8−20.5−20.6−24.2
Gambia, The−15.6−12.0−16.9−16.9−19.1
Ghana−15.9−18.2−10.7−10.3−18.2
Guinea2.95.33.54.02.9
Guinea-Bissau−9.0−14.3−8.3−0.8−4.9
Kenya−10.0−11.6−7.5−8.0−11.5
Lesotho−65.0−51.3−53.1−45.5−39.3
Madagascar−3.20.3−2.6−3.5−9.0
Malawi−3.7−4.1−15.8−19.5−17.8
Mali−0.5−0.35.7−0.3−0.1
Mauritius−10.1−11.5−8.0−6.3−6.0
Mozambique−16.9−10.5−20.4−16.7−9.4
Namibia−5.8−6.2−6.9−10.8−11.5
Niger−2.4−3.0−4.2−4.9−4.6
Rwanda−9.3−8.5−9.7−10.7−9.7
Senegal−7.3−9.3−10.8−12.6−12.0
Seychelles−31.5−32.1−19.9−13.0−20.7
Sierra Leone−4.8−10.9−15.0−15.0−15.0
South Africa2.74.24.22.20.1
Swaziland−8.2−6.510.76.5−0.5
Tanzania−8.2−8.3−7.1−6.3−9.1
Togo−9.1−12.2−10.5−13.5−13.5
Uganda−6.8−8.4−9.0−9.9−9.9
Zambia−5.0−9.4−6.9−7.2−2.0
Zimbabwe0.4−1.7−1.7−5.0−5.5
Sub-Saharan Africa3.44.63.43.94.9
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa0.60.81.21.43.0
CFA franc zone8.99.39.29.612.7
WAEMU2.01.05.43.12.6
CEMAC18.120.014.118.224.5
SADC2.33.43.22.01.2
COMESA−1.2−1.6−0.4−2.0−0.3
Oil-producing countries18.420.116.519.526.1
Non-oil-producing countries−1.5−1.2−1.4−2.0−3.6
HIPC (completion point countries)−9.6−9.5−9.6−9.8−11.7
Fixed exchange rate regime5.25.34.26.18.3
Floating exchange rate regime2.94.43.13.34.0
Sources: IMF, African Department database, February 24, 2005; and WEO database, February 24, 2005.
Table SA18.External Current Account, Including Grants(In percent of GDP)
1997–20012001200220032004
Oil-producing countries
Angola−14.8−14.8−2.9−5.26.5
Cameroon−3.1−4.1−7.0−2.4−1.7
Chad−17.6−35.1−51.8−40.1−17.7
Congo, Rep. of−9.2−3.2−0.37.2
Côte d’Ivoire−2.1−1.26.83.92.7
Equatorial Guinea−50.7−51.2−67.0−29.2−14.6
Gabon7.011.05.29.610.4
Nigeria0.33.0−11.0−3.82.7
São Tomé and Príncipe−31.6−22.8−22.1−18.8−26.8
Non-oil-producing countries
Benin−7.1−6.7−9.0−8.5−8.5
Botswana10.411.52.26.56.3
Burkina Faso−10.3−10.2−9.1−6.9−8.5
Burundi−6.6−6.8−6.5−6.1−23.8
Cape Verde−10.1−9.9−10.9−9.1−7.9
Central African Republic−3.2−2.5−2.8−4.6−4.8
Comoros−7.21.1−4.0−6.2−3.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. of−4.8−4.9−2.8−1.5−2.1
Ethiopia−4.2−3.6−5.7−2.7−6.1
Gambia, The−2.9−2.6−2.8−4.8−4.4
Ghana−8.9−5.30.51.71.2
Guinea−6.3−2.7−4.3−3.3−4.9
Guinea-Bissau−12.4−22.4−11.5−1.01.6
Kenya−3.4−3.52.4−0.2−3.6
Lesotho−22.0−13.2−16.9−12.3−1.0
Madagascar−5.1−1.3−6.0−4.9−8.5
Malawi−6.4−6.8−11.2−10.3−7.6
Mali−8.5−10.4−3.1−4.6−4.7
Mauritius−2.3−2.12.22.00.6
Mozambique−18.0−21.4−22.3−16.8−12.4
Namibia4.41.73.84.05.5
Niger−6.3−4.8−6.5−6.0−5.9
Rwanda−7.6−5.9−6.7−7.8−2.6
Senegal−4.7−4.6−5.9−6.5−6.2
Seychelles−15.6−23.5−16.3−0.9−4.9
Sierra Leone−9.1−16.2−4.8−7.6−9.0
South Africa−0.80.6−0.9−2.5
Swaziland−3.9−4.56.00.6−0.6
Tanzania−7.4−5.3−3.8−2.4−5.8
Togo−10.3−13.0−9.7−12.9−12.4
Uganda−6.3−5.6−5.9−6.2−1.9
Zambia−14.9−20.0−15.4−15.2−11.5
Zimbabwe−2.7−3.5−1.8−5.0−5.3
Sub-Saharan Africa−2.7−2.2−3.5−2.4−1.6
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa−5.5−5.6−4.1−3.4−2.2
CFA franc zone−4.9−5.9−6.3−4.0−2.7
WAEMU−5.4−5.4−1.8−2.8−3.5
CEMAC−4.3−6.6−12.0−5.5−1.7
SADC−2.3−2.2−1.1−1.7−1.9
COMESA−5.6−5.9−2.7−3.5−1.6
Oil-producing countries−2.5−1.5−8.3−3.42.1
Non-oil-producing countries−2.9−2.4−1.7−2.1−3.1
HIPC (completion point countries)−7.6−6.4−6.1−4.9−5.6
Fixed exchange rate regime−3.4−4.1−4.1−2.8−1.7
Floating exchange rate regime−2.6−1.7−3.2−2.3−1.6
Sources: IMF, African Department database, February 24, 2005; and WEO database, February 24, 2005.
Table SA19.External Current Account, Excluding Grants(In percent of GDP)
1997–20012001200220032004
Oil-producing countries
Angola−15.9−15.8−3.2−5.95.9
Cameroon−3.2−4.5−7.3−3.0−1.8
Chad−20.5−37.4−53.4−41.8−19.0
Congo, Rep. of−9.4−3.4−0.5−0.37.0
Côte d’Ivoire−2.7−1.56.73.52.7
Equatorial Guinea−51.1−52.2−67.8−29.9−15.1
Gabon6.710.85.09.510.2
Nigeria0.43.1−10.9−3.72.7
São Tomé and Príncipe−59.7−60.6−51.5−53.1−61.0
Non-oil-producing countries
Benin−9.8−10.2−11.1−10.7−10.2
Botswana6.17.7−2.03.03.6
Burkina Faso−13.3−13.3−11.8−11.0−11.4
Burundi−11.4−16.1−18.6−22.6−42.2
Cape Verde−17.6−13.6−16.3−14.4−13.5
Central African Republic−6.5−5.2−5.2−5.8−6.7
Comoros−9.3−0.9−6.7−7.3−3.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. of−8.7−10.6−11.1−10.3−10.8
Ethiopia−8.5−9.7−12.9−11.7−13.0
Gambia, The−10.4−10.1−13.4−13.3−14.0
Ghana−12.2−10.3−3.1−3.5−4.8
Guinea−7.4−4.8−5.6−4.0−5.6
Guinea-Bissau−24.9−36.4−18.7−9.8−15.0
Kenya−3.6−3.82.4−0.6−3.6
Lesotho−38.8−30.0−32.9−26.5−18.2
Madagascar−6.2−2.0−6.1−7.5−12.2
Malawi−13.4−12.5−23.3−19.1−14.7
Mali−10.4−12.6−4.4−7.1−6.5
Mauritius−2.5−2.22.11.70.2
Mozambique−24.6−28.6−26.5−22.2−16.8
Namibia−7.2−8.6−5.1−6.3−7.3
Niger−8.8−7.7−9.4−9.3−9.0
Rwanda−16.8−15.9−16.6−19.2−18.1
Senegal−7.0−6.1−7.9−8.5−8.0
Seychelles−17.6−25.0−18.1−2.4−6.5
Sierra Leone−13.1−20.5−12.1−14.1−15.6
South Africa−0.20.61.1−0.4−2.1
Swaziland−12.8−13.0−2.4−6.7−10.0
Tanzania−12.3−9.6−8.2−7.1−10.8
Togo−13.7−14.6−10.4−14.0−13.5
Uganda−12.5−13.8−13.2−13.4−11.8
Zambia−16.7−20.8−18.0−16.7−11.9
Zimbabwe−3.7−3.9−1.9−5.4−6.0
Sub-Saharan Africa−3.7−3.3−4.6−3.6−2.7
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa−8.3−8.4−6.5−6.4−5.2
CFA franc zone−6.2−7.2−7.3−5.2−3.6
WAEMU−7.2−7.1−3.2−4.6−4.9
CEMAC−4.9−7.2−12.5−6.0−2.1
SADC−3.0−2.9−2.0−2.4−2.7
COMESA−8.6−8.9−5.2−7.2−5.5
Oil-producing countries−2.8−1.8−8.4−3.72.0
Non-oil-producing countries−4.1−3.8−3.2−3.6−4.6
HIPC (completion point countries)−11.4−10.8−9.9−9.6−10.3
Fixed exchange rate regime−5.8−6.1−5.5−5.0−3.8
Floating exchange rate regime−3.2−2.5−4.2−3.2−2.4
Sources: IMF, African Department database, February 24, 2005; and WEO database, February 24, 2005.
Table SA20.Official Grants(In percent of GDP)
1997–20012001200220032004
Oil-producing countries
Angola1.21.00.30.70.5
Cameroon0.10.40.30.50.1
Chad2.92.31.51.81.3
Congo, Rep. of0.30.20.20.20.2
Côte d’Ivoire0.50.30.20.40.0
Equatorial Guinea0.30.90.80.70.5
Gabon0.30.20.20.2
Nigeria−0.1−0.10.00.0
São Tomé and Príncipe28.137.829.434.334.2
Non-oil-producing countries
Benin2.73.52.22.21.7
Botswana4.33.84.23.42.7
Burkina Faso3.03.12.74.13.0
Burundi4.89.312.116.518.5
Cape Verde7.53.75.45.35.6
Central African Republic3.32.72.41.21.9
Comoros2.12.02.71.10.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. of3.85.78.48.98.7
Ethiopia4.36.17.29.06.9
Gambia, The7.47.510.68.59.7
Ghana3.25.03.65.26.0
Guinea1.12.11.40.80.7
Guinea-Bissau12.514.17.28.816.6
Kenya0.30.20.40.0
Lesotho16.816.916.114.217.1
Madagascar1.00.70.22.63.8
Malawi7.05.712.28.77.1
Mali1.92.21.32.51.8
Mauritius0.20.10.20.30.4
Mozambique6.67.24.25.44.4
Namibia11.610.38.810.312.9
Niger2.53.02.93.33.0
Rwanda9.210.09.811.415.5
Senegal2.21.52.01.91.9
Seychelles2.01.51.81.51.6
Sierra Leone4.04.37.46.56.6
South Africa−0.6−0.6−0.5−0.5−0.4
Swaziland8.88.58.47.29.4
Tanzania4.94.34.34.75.1
Togo3.41.60.71.11.1
Uganda6.18.37.37.39.9
Zambia1.80.92.51.50.4
Zimbabwe1.00.30.10.50.7
Sub-Saharan Africa1.01.11.11.21.1
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa2.82.82.43.03.0
CFA franc zone1.31.21.01.30.9
WAEMU1.81.71.41.81.4
CEMAC0.60.60.50.50.4
SADC0.70.70.80.80.7
COMESA3.03.02.53.73.9
Oil-producing countries0.20.30.20.30.2
Non-oil-producing countries1.21.41.41.51.5
HIPC (completion point countries)3.84.43.84.74.7
Fixed exchange rate regime2.42.01.42.12.1
Floating exchange rate regime0.60.81.00.90.8
Sources: IMF, African Department database, February 24, 2005; and WEO database, February 24, 2005.
Table SA21.Real Effective Exchange Rates1(Index, 2000 = 100)
1997–20012001200220032004
Oil-producing countries
Angola102.3108.9116.1121.3149.1
Cameroon104.6103.3107.0111.7112.0
Chad106.4108.8116.1121.4119.9
Congo, Rep. of103.099.6103.1105.4106.7
Côte d’Ivoire104.5103.5107.6115.8117.4
Equatorial Guinea101.7106.6114.5125.8131.4
Gabon105.9101.4101.9107.3107.7
Nigeria135.3111.1110.6103.9106.3
São Tomé and Príncipe89.599.496.487.584.9
Non-oil-producing countries
Benin103.5103.2108.2113.8115.1
Botswana99.687.166.2104.8125.6
Burkina Faso103.4103.3105.4109.4108.3
Burundi107.295.280.765.762.9
Cape Verde102.7100.2102.8106.6103.5
Central African Republic104.9103.3106.8113.5110.8
Comoros106.2105.0108.3114.2117.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. of80.389.739.334.931.8
Ethiopia97.790.189.291.086.2
Gambia, The101.987.872.451.851.5
Ghana130.5100.8100.1100.699.4
Guinea110.196.894.690.585.3
Guinea-Bissau100.2101.7104.3101.9101.5
Kenya99.6105.3103.0102.499.3
Lesotho102.886.876.0103.490.0
Madagascar97.5110.5119.5114.680.1
Malawi107.3103.4102.279.174.6
Mali106.1103.6108.6109.9105.3
Mauritius95.897.797.994.291.3
Mozambique98.883.982.481.288.3
Namibia98.898.493.5105.2109.5
Niger104.3102.3104.3103.7100.9
Rwanda104.893.986.271.868.7
Senegal108.2101.8104.7107.6108.2
Seychelles96.8106.1109.399.792.2
Sierra Leone105.4110.897.181.773.9
South Africa103.488.475.597.4106.3
Swaziland97.899.899.9105.2110.0
Tanzania97.699.087.372.865.7
Togo105.4103.3107.1110.1111.0
Uganda108.397.291.480.182.2
Zambia103.8108.5102.2100.5108.9
Zimbabwe99.5147.4340.4195.964.0
Sub-Saharan Africa102.797.893.5102.6104.9
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa98.8102.1105.1103.4100.2
CFA franc zone104.8103.4107.4112.3112.5
WAEMU104.9103.0106.5110.6110.2
CEMAC104.5104.0108.4114.5115.3
SADC98.293.686.3102.6107.7
COMESA93.2104.3111.0102.896.2
Oil-producing countries115.4108.3110.5109.8114.6
Non-oil-producing countries100.494.989.1100.4102.0
HIPC (completion point countries)105.297.596.393.691.0
Fixed exchange rate regime101.9108.4127.7132.1124.6
Floating exchange rate regime103.095.285.895.499.4
Source: IMF, Information Notice System database.
Table SA22.Nominal Effective Exchange Rates1(Index, 2000 = 100)
1997–20012001200220032004
Oil-producing countries
Angola954.139.921.111.29.7
Cameroon102.5101.6104.8111.8114.7
Chad101.8101.6104.5111.4114.6
Congo, Rep. of103.2101.0103.1107.9109.9
Côte d’Ivoire103.6102.0105.0112.1114.8
Equatorial Guinea103.1100.7102.6107.1109.0
Gabon104.3101.4103.7109.0111.1
Nigeria143.795.585.872.365.5
São Tomé and Príncipe108.093.684.371.462.4
Non-oil-producing countries
Benin104.9101.3105.8112.1115.0
Botswana95.096.185.9190.5319.1
Burkina Faso100.9101.8104.2109.0111.1
Burundi120.090.380.161.256.6
Cape Verde100.2100.2104.2110.8112.6
Central African Republic100.9105.3108.9113.5115.4
Comoros102.5101.1102.8106.6107.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. of536.515.94.63.73.3
Ethiopia101.5101.397.286.079.7
Gambia, The101.885.966.541.636.3
Ghana158.276.067.155.249.5
Guinea115.294.090.880.266.5
Guinea-Bissau103.2101.3104.3109.3111.1
Kenya106.3101.699.192.281.9
Lesotho108.983.166.288.5101.9
Madagascar106.3108.1101.498.662.5
Malawi153.984.477.863.760.3
Mali103.6100.6102.1106.6108.5
Mauritius99.694.790.785.680.9
Mozambique102.979.969.262.463.0
Namibia103.193.884.792.794.5
Niger102.6100.4101.5104.3105.5
Rwanda104.593.085.268.059.7
Senegal103.7101.2103.7109.1111.1
Seychelles100.1102.5107.497.088.2
Sierra Leone126.6111.0102.281.766.0
South Africa108.485.267.583.891.8
Swaziland100.897.694.697.3100.0
Tanzania104.196.385.270.362.3
Togo104.6101.7104.1110.5113.0
Uganda109.398.294.578.981.0
Zambia133.192.374.564.062.6
Zimbabwe156.084.585.217.10.8
Sub-Saharan Africa115.388.175.678.077.2
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa118.088.679.972.967.8
CFA franc zone103.0101.5104.2109.9112.3
WAEMU103.3101.4103.9109.5111.7
CEMAC102.6101.7104.5110.5113.1
SADC117.380.963.270.973.0
COMESA130.582.669.154.145.7
Oil-producing countries132.291.682.572.868.6
Non-oil-producing countries111.987.173.779.379.6
HIPC (completion point countries)109.494.689.581.076.6
Fixed exchange rate regime107.297.898.2101.797.9
Floating exchange rate regime117.785.670.472.672.3
Source: IMF, Information Notice System database.
Table SA23.External Debt to Official Creditors(In percent of GDP)
1997–20012001200220032004
Oil-producing countries
Angola67.862.140.536.417.7
Cameroon72.166.854.247.547.1
Chad48.358.158.554.036.9
Congo, Rep. of186.3152.2161.6159.454.2
Côte d’Ivoire79.588.479.957.950.8
Equatorial Guinea35.315.414.66.33.0
Gabon69.863.464.958.653.3
Nigeria64.855.361.653.542.7
São Tomé and Príncipe679.1614.0557.3517.7495.0
Non-oil-producing countries
Benin72.575.869.355.850.2
Botswana9.89.89.36.55.6
Burkina Faso51.948.951.241.435.7
Burundi139.3162.1179.9212.5181.4
Cape Verde52.559.758.048.345.4
Central African Republic82.389.787.088.988.4
Comoros100.5103.499.788.578.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. of261.8252.4192.4187.2163.2
Ethiopia70.772.886.584.474.8
Gambia, The107.8113.6134.6145.8126.7
Ghana93.4125.8117.997.384.5
Guinea97.3105.694.992.785.3
Guinea-Bissau382.0411.2410.4360.6321.3
Kenya45.242.342.839.339.3
Lesotho62.465.564.044.035.1
Madagascar115.098.098.383.2107.9
Malawi137.2159.4143.3160.4154.6
Mali99.188.790.272.670.2
Mauritius13.010.310.89.58.3
Mozambique70.653.254.149.642.2
Namibia3.35.63.85.04.8
Niger85.791.680.757.452.6
Rwanda67.378.480.985.181.4
Senegal70.665.369.757.943.7
Seychelles21.127.739.635.038.9
Sierra Leone112.532.037.541.348.5
South Africa3.44.24.53.02.4
Swaziland14.513.326.718.014.6
Tanzania83.467.551.555.253.1
Togo83.796.6104.9114.7107.8
Uganda57.359.861.862.559.2
Zambia181.6152.7135.4107.978.1
Zimbabwe38.521.210.142.761.9
Sub-Saharan Africa44.244.142.136.529.6
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa76.972.660.761.352.5
CFA franc zone80.578.674.662.249.8
WAEMU79.582.078.762.054.5
CEMAC82.274.269.562.544.2
SADC24.525.020.917.813.8
COMESA76.669.751.962.455.4
Oil-producing countries71.464.163.254.140.3
Non-oil-producing countries35.636.734.429.825.3
HIPC (completion point countries)78.276.775.067.061.5
Fixed exchange rate regime63.357.946.551.643.6
Floating exchange rate regime39.140.140.432.225.8
Sources: IMF, African Department database, February 24, 2005; and WEO database, February 24, 2005.
Table SA24.Reserves(In months of imports of goods and services)
1997–20012001200220032004
Oil-producing countries
Angola1.31.30.60.92.0
Cameroon0.51.62.72.42.3
Chad2.51.72.01.62.1
Congo, Rep. of0.70.60.70.20.1
Côte d’Ivoire2.43.55.85.76.6
Equatorial Guinea0.20.50.51.53.0
Gabon0.70.10.91.11.8
Nigeria6.77.84.73.68.0
São Tomé and Príncipe3.84.34.55.73.8
Non-oil-producing countries
Benin7.210.610.26.65.2
Botswana30.833.029.124.017.5
Burkina Faso5.24.85.45.94.3
Burundi4.61.54.84.52.0
Cape Verde3.03.23.32.62.6
Central African Republic7.07.07.07.76.7
Comoros7.611.712.711.510.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. of3.02.11.81.11.3
Ethiopia3.12.75.24.95.0
Gambia, The5.86.96.46.16.1
Ghana1.41.12.04.14.2
Guinea2.82.92.21.91.5
Guinea-Bissau5.66.711.818.417.3
Kenya2.83.23.44.23.4
Lesotho7.06.55.64.85.3
Madagascar2.63.34.22.82.6
Malawi3.83.72.21.71.8
Mali4.73.66.77.77.7
Mauritius3.23.55.46.56.7
Mozambique5.95.15.15.75.3
Namibia1.71.72.62.01.9
Niger1.72.73.02.02.0
Rwanda4.86.06.95.66.8
Senegal2.82.93.73.63.5
Seychelles0.80.71.41.40.5
Sierra Leone3.02.23.02.02.5
South Africa2.12.42.31.92.5
Swaziland3.02.43.01.91.5
Tanzania4.66.28.310.18.8
Togo2.42.33.42.01.6
Uganda7.08.67.47.98.4
Zambia1.31.44.11.71.5
Zimbabwe0.90.40.50.50.5
Sub-Saharan Africa3.74.13.83.44.2
Excluding Nigeria and South Africa3.83.94.44.34.2
CFA franc zone2.22.63.53.53.6
WAEMU3.33.95.55.25.2
CEMAC0.91.11.61.62.1
SADC3.53.73.63.13.3
COMESA2.42.52.92.83.0
Oil-producing countries3.84.53.32.95.2
Non-oil-producing countries3.63.94.13.73.7
HIPC (completion point countries)3.74.15.15.55.3
Fixed exchange rate regime4.84.95.34.84.5
Floating exchange rate regime3.33.83.33.04.1
Sources: IMF, African Department database, February 24, 2005; and WEO database, February 24, 2005.

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