Front Matter

Front Matter

Krishna Srinivasan, Erich Spitäller, M. Braulke, Christian Mulder, Hisanobu Shishido, Kenneth M. Miranda, John Dodsworth, and Keon Lee
Published Date:
March 1996
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    Vietnam Transition to a Market Economy

    John R. Dodsworth, Erich Spitaller, Michael Braulke, Keon Hyok Lee, Kenneth Miranda, Christian Mulder, Hisanobu Shishido, and Krishna Srinivasan


    Washington, D.C.

    March 1996

    © 1996 International Monetary Fund

    Cataloging-in-Publication Data

    Vietnam : transition to a market economy / John R. Dodsworth … [et al.].

    p. cm.—(Occasional Paper ; 135)

    Includes bibliographical references.

    ISBN 1-55775-538-8 (pbk.)

    1. Vietnam—Economic policy. 2. Vietnam—Economic conditions. 3. Mixed economy—Vietnam. I. Dodsworth, John. II. Series: Occasional paper (International Monetary Fund); no. 135.

    HC444.V572 199696-7061


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    The following symbols have been used throughout this paper:

    • … to indicate that data are not available;

    • —to indicate that the figure is zero or less than half the final digit shown, or that the item does not exist;

    • –between years or months (e.g., 1991-92 or January-June) to indicate the years or months covered, including the beginning and ending years or months;

    • / between years (e.g., 1991/92) to indicate a crop or fiscal (financial) year.

    • “Billion” means a thousand million.

    Minor discrepancies between constituent figures and totals are due to rounding.

    The term “country,” as used in this paper, does not in all cases refer to a territorial entity that is a state as understood by international law and practice; the term also covers some territorial entities that are not states, but for which statistical data are maintained and provided internationally on a separate and independent basis.


    This Occasional Paper reviews the process of Vietnam’s transition to a market economy. The papers, which reflect knowledge of the economy accumulated through recent staff missions and helpful discussions with Vietnamese officials, draw largely upon background work carried out for the 1995 Article IV consultation discussions. As such, the Occasional Paper represents a collaborative work, which was coordinated by John Dodsworth and Erich Spitäller, who contributed the introductory section. The principal authors of the other sections were Christian Mulder (Sections II andIII), Michael Braulke (Section IV), Krishna Srinivasan and Erich Spitaller (Section V), Kenneth Miranda (Section VI), and Keon Hyok Lee (Section VII). The sections were edited by Hisanobu Shishido.

    Many individuals have assisted in the production of this Occasional Paper. Viola Chou provided research assistance, and Joy Gough and Mary Abraham provided excellent secretarial assistance. We also thank Elisa Diehl of the External Relations Department for editing the paper and coordinating production.

    The views expressed here, as well as any errors, are the sole responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Vietnamese government, the Executive Directors of the IMF, or any other members of the IMF staff.

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