Chapter

Appendix II. Restrictive Trade Measures

Author(s):
Benedicte Christensen
Published Date:
December 1994
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Table A2.Restrictive Trade Measures Taken by Selected Industrial Countries and the European Community
CountryProductMeasureDescriptionIntroduction DateTermination Date
Former U.S.S.R.Textile products, cottonMFA-bilateral agreementU.S. and U.S.S.R. signed a bilateral textiles agreement under which the U.S.S.R. should limit exports to U.S. of certain cotton textile products.1/01/9012/31/92
Former U.S.S.R.Textiles, cotton; textile products in Cat. 313/315Voluntary export restraintU.S. and U.S.S.R. signed for second time a textile agreement limiting amount of products U.S.S.R. may ship to U.S. This agreement specifically covered cotton textiles and textile products as described in Category 313/315 of U.S. Harmonized Tariff Schedules.1/01/9012/31/92
Former U.S.S.R.LogsProhibitionLogs from Siberia were denied entry into the U.S. temporarily, pending assessment of possible pest hazards, the U.S. Department of Agriculture announced.12/20/90
Former U.S.S.R.Carbon ferrochromiumDumpingEC initiated investigation into allegedly dumped imports of carbon ferro-chromium from Albania and the U.S.S.R.10/06/90
Former U.S.S.R.Potassium permanganateProvisional dutiesProvisional duties on dumped imports of potassium permanganate were extended for two months. Duties of 42.3 percent were imposed by the EC on 6/8/90, and were to remain in place until 12/8/90 to give the Commission time to complete its investigation.10/08/901/01/91
Former U.S.S.R.Potassium chlorideDumpingThe Association of European Potash Producers alleged that the U.S.S.R. share of EC potash, market increased from 6.5 percent in 1986 to 11.3 percent in 1989, because of prices that undercut Community producers. An investigation was initiated.11/05/90
Former U.S.S.R.UraniumDumpingThe U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC) made preliminary determination that the U.S.S.R. was dumping uranium in the U.S. The next stage was to determine the dumping margin.12/19/91
RussiaGlobalExport restrictionsThe U.S. imposed two-year bans on exports of goods requiring government licenses to Russia and India due to Russian sale to India of technology which may deliver nuclear weapons.5/11/92
RussiaUraniumDumpingUSITA made preliminary dumping determination that imports of uranium from Russia were being sold at less than fair value. Dumping margins set at 115.8 percent.5/29/92
RussiaFerrosiliconDumpingU.S. ITC made preliminary determination that imports of ferrosilicon from Argentina, Kazakhstan, Venezuela, China, Russia, and Ukraine were causing or threatening material injury to domestic industry. Case went to USITA for determination of dumping margin.7/08/92
RussiaFerrosiliconDumpingThe USITA made preliminary ruling in a dumping case that imports of ferrosilicon from Russia were sold at less than fair value. Margin set at 104 percent.12/29/92
Former U.S.S.R.Potassium permanganateDumpingEC imposed provisional duties of 42.3 percent on dumped imports of potassium permanganate from the U.S.S.R.6/08/90
Former U.S.S.R.Silicon carbideDumpingCommission initiated a review of antidumping measures against silicon carbide from U.S.S.R. Current measures were to expire.8/13/91
RussiaHigh-density polyethyleneDumpingAustralia made negative preliminary ruling in dumping case involving imports of high-density polyethylene from Hong Kong and the former U.S.S.R.3/27/92
Former U.S.S.R.FertilizerDumpingEC Commission initiated a dumping investigation of imports of fertilizer from the former U.S.S.R. at the request of a United Kingdom producer.11/27/92
RussiaIsobutanolDumpingEC Commission initiated a dumping investigation of imports of the chemical solvent isobutanol from Russia.9/18/92
RussiaPotashDumpingEC Commission decided to impose antidumping duties on imports of potash used in agricultural fertilizers from Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine.10/23/92
Former U.S.S.R.Certain steel productsImport quotasEC established quotas on imports of various steel products (coils, heavy plates, other flat-rolled products, beams, wire rod, and other longs) from 12 states of the former U.S.S.R. for 1993.1/01/9312/31/93
Former U.S.S.R.Certain textile productsImport quotasEC adopted changes to import arrangements applied in Benelux for certain textile products from China, Dem. People’s Rep. of Korea, and the former U.S.S.R.3/25/93
Former U.S.S.R.UreaDumpingEC undertook a review of previously imposed antidumping duties on urea from the former Czechoslovakia and the former U.S.S.R.3/27/93
Former U.S.S.R.AluminumDumpingEC initiated a dumping investigation of imports of aluminum from the former U.S.S.R.4/03/93
RussiaCalcium metalDumpingEC initiated a dumping investigation of imports of calcium metal from Russia.11/14/92
RussiaFresh/frozen cod, haddock, monkfish, hake, saitheMinimum import pricesEC set minimum import prices on fresh and frozen cod, haddock, monkfish, hake, and saithe (12 percent duty on cod and 15 percent on the rest) until 6/30/93, affecting primarily Russia, Iceland, and Norway. This was in response to a 30 percent fall in whitefish prices.2/25/93
RussiaFerrochromeDumping, preliminary rulingEC imposed provisional antidumping duties of ECU 0.276 per kilogram on imports of ferrochrome from Kazakhstan, Russia, and Ukraine.4/02/93
RussiaUnwrought aluminumSafeguardsEC initiated a safeguards investigation of imports of unwrought aluminum from Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.4/03/93
RussiaLive animals and fresh meatImport prohibitionEC imposed import prohibition on animals and fresh meat from the former Yugoslavia, Belarus, the Czech Republic, the Slovak Republic, Hungary, Romania, Albania, Poland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russia, and Bulgaria because of cases of foot-and-mouth disease in Italy.5/10/93

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