Chapter

Appendix I. Trade Liberalization Measures

Author(s):
Benedicte Christensen
Published Date:
December 1994
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Table A1.Trade Liberalization Measures Taken by Selected Industrial Countries and the European Community1
Affected CountryProductMeasureDescriptionIntroduction DateTermination Date
Former U.S.S.R.Truck-manufacturing plants, equipment/ technologyExport controlsU.S. Commerce Dept. lifted government controls on exports of U.S. equipment and technology for two truck-manufacturing plants in U.S.S.R., ending a decade-long ban.2/05/90
Former U.S.S.R.GlobalBilateral agreementU.S./U.S.S.R. signed trade agreement to facilitate U.S. companies to trade with and do business in former U.S.S.R. Agreement follows 10-point outline set out in 1974 Trade Act, including question of MFN, ways to help U.S. companies set up in U.S.S.R., market disruption, intellectual property.6/01/906/01/93
Former U.S.S.R.GrainsBilateral agreementU.S. and U.S.S.R. signed a 5-year agreement to increase U.S. grain exports to U.S.S.R. U.S.S.R. will be required to purchase at least 10 million metric tons of grain per year, up from 9 million tons under current pact, in effect since 1983.6/01/906/01/93
Former U.S.S.R.GlobalBilateral agreementU.S. and U.S.S.R. signed agreement establishing trade contracts and information exchanges between U.S. and U.S.S.R. food industries.6/02/90
Former U.S.S.R.GlobalBilateral agreementThe trade pact between the EC and the U.S.S.R. that was signed in November 1989 was endorsed by the European Parliament.2/12/902/12/00
Former U.S.S.R.GlobalBilateral agreementTen-year trade/economic cooperation pact signed in 12/88 by EC and U.S.S.R. would enter into force, under which EC would lower barriers imposed on U.S.S.R. exports until 1995; Soviets would favor activities of EC investors in U.S.S.R.4/01/904/01/00
Former U.S.S.R.Wristwatches, mechanicalAntidumping dutiesAntidumping duties on EC imports of mechanical wristwatches from the U.S.S.R. were repealed. Decision followed review of duties in the former U.S.S.R. after manufacturers pointed out that sole EC producer of such watches, Timex, had ceased production.9/17/90
Former U.S.S.R.High-technology exportsExport controlsU.S. and its allies agreed to relax existing government restrictions on high-tech exports to Eastern Europe and U.S.S.R., establishing shortened“core list”of controlled goods and techniques maintained by COCOM.5/24/91
Former U.S.S.R.Gold coinsImport prohibition, terminationU.S. removed statutory ban on imports of gold coins from former U.S.S.R.12/04/92
Former U.S.S.R.Telecommunications equipmentExport controlsU.S. Commerce Dept. published new rule implementing a decision taken by Western governments that liberalized export controls on telecommunications equipment to the former U.S.S.R.12/24/92
Former U.S.S.R.TelecommunicationsExport controlsU.S. agreed with allies to allow sale of previously prohibited telecommunications equipment to certain cities in former U.S.S.R. (Moscow, Minsk, Kiev, Yerevan, St. Petersburg, Vladivostok) provided 30 days notice given to COCOM.3/06/92
RussiaGlobalBilateral agreementU.S. and Russia signed bilateral trade agreement that ensures reciprocal MFN and intellectual property rights protection.12/09/91
RussiaGlobalGSP preferential tariffCanada granted General Preferential Tariff to Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Armenia, Russia. Tariffs were applied to 2/3 of the most-favored-nation rate on most manufactured goods, but excluded textiles, apparel, footwear, steel.4/10/92
RussiaGlobalMFN statusU.S. waived Jackson-Vanik provisions for Russia, Belarus, and Kyrgyz Republic making MFN status conditional on emigration policies.4/20/92
RussiaCalcium metalEC Court rulingEC Court of Justice overturned antidumping duties levied on imports of calcium metal from China and the former U.S.S.R., ruling that EC must take account of anticompetitive behavior of EC firms in dumping rulings.6/11/92
RussiaGlobalMFN statusU.S. extended MFN status to Russia as Russian parliament approved U.S.-Russia trade agreement.6/12/92
RussiaGlobalBilateral agreementU.S. and Russia signed bilateral investment agreement.6/17/92
RussiaGlobalTrade agreementNew trade agreement was signed between Finland and Russia whereby parties agreed not to introduce new import charges or customs duties. Trade could be conducted freely in terms of convertible currencies or countertrade.1/20/92
RussiaUraniumDumpingU.S. International Trade Administration (USITA) announced it had suspended its dumping investigation of imports of uranium from six states of the former U.S.S.R. as a result of voluntary restraint agreements with the countries (Kazahkstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Russia, Tajikistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan).10/19/92
Former U.S.S.R.Specific productsGSP preferential tariffEC extended GSP preferential tariff to selected imports from 12 states of the former U.S.S.R. unless the products were subject to antidumping measures.1/01/9312/31/93
Sources: EC Commission, European Report, various issues; GATT; and initial sources.

For simplicity, references in this Appendix are to the former U.S.S.R. since many of the measures span a period before and after the dissolution of the U.S.S.R.

Sources: EC Commission, European Report, various issues; GATT; and initial sources.

For simplicity, references in this Appendix are to the former U.S.S.R. since many of the measures span a period before and after the dissolution of the U.S.S.R.

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