Front Matter

Front Matter

Ishan Kapur, Jerald Schiff, Michael Hadjimichael, Philippe Szymczak, and Paul Hilbers
Published Date:
March 1991
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    Ghana: Adjustment and Growth, 1983-91

    Ishan Kapur, Michael T. Hadjimichael, Paul Hilbers, Jerald Schiff, and Philippe Szymczak


    Washington, D.C.

    September 1991

    © 1991 International Monetary Fund

    Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

    Ghana—adjustment and growth, 1983–91/by Ishan Kapur … [et al.].

    p. cm.—(Occasional paper (International Monetary Fund); no. 86)

    “September 1991.”

    Includes bibliographical references.

    ISBN 1-55775-182-X

    1. Structural adjustment (Economic policy)—Ghana. I. Kapur,

    Ishan. II. Series.

    HC1060.G425 1991




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    The following symbols have been used throughout this paper:

    • … to indicate that data are not available;

    • — to indicate that the figure is zero or less than half the final digit shown, or that the item does not exist;

    • – between years or months (e.g., 1990–91 or January-June) to indicate the years or months covered, including the beginning and ending years or months;

    • / between years (e.g., 1990/91) to indicate a crop or fiscal (financial) year.

    “Billion” means a thousand million.

    Minor discrepancies between constituent figures and totals are due to rounding.

    The term “country,” as used in this paper, does not in all cases refer to a territorial entity that is a state as understood by international law and practice; the term also covers some territorial entities that are not states, but for which statistical data are maintained and provided internationally on a separate and independent basis.


    This paper is based on internal staff reports and research papers prepared in connection with consultations between the IMF and Ghana during 1989–91 and includes information available through June 1991. The authors would like to acknowledge the support of officials of Ghana in the preparation of the paper. They are also indebted to Evangelos A. Calamitsis and Reinold H. van Til for their valuable comments, Ian McDonald and David Driscoll for editorial advice, and Elisabeth Baker for secretarial assistance. The authors bear sole responsibility for any factual errors.

    The opinions expressed in the paper are those of the authors and should not be construed as representing the views of the Government of Ghana, Executive Directors of the IMF, or other members of the IMF staff.

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