Front Matter

Front Matter

Charles Collyns
Published Date:
March 1983
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International Standard Serial Number: ISSN 0251-6365

Reprinted July 1984

Price: US$5.00 (US$3.00 to university libraries, faculty members, and students)

Address orders to: External Relations Department, Attention Publications International Monetary Fund, Washington, D.C. 20431


The following symbols have been used throughout this paper:

  • … to indicate that data are not available;

  • — to indicate that the figure is zero or less than half the final digit shown, or that the item does not exist;

  • – between years or months (e.g., 1979-81 or January-June) to indicate the years or months covered, including the beginning and ending years or months;

  • / between years (e.g., 1980/81) to indicate a crop or fiscal (financial) year.

“Billion” means a thousand million.

Minor discrepancies between constituent figures and totals are due to rounding.

Prefatory Note

This study was prepared in the Central Banking Department by Charles Collyns. The author is grateful to his colleagues in the Central Banking Department, particularly Deena R. Khatkhate and Sergio Pereira Leite, for their advice and encouragement in the preparation of this paper. It was completed in November 1982 and does not deal with more recent developments of the organizations that it describes. Views expressed in the study are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of the Fund.

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