Chapter

Appendix: Albanian Statistics

Author(s):
R. Johnston, Piroska Nagy, Roy Pepper, Mauro Mecagni, Ratna Sahay, Mario Bléjer, and Richard Hides
Published Date:
June 1992
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Table A1.Conversion from MPS to SNA Accounts—Summary Table—in Current Prices, 1980-891
A. = Material Product Balances (MPS) aggregates
B. = United Nations System of National Accounts (SNA) aggregates1980198119821983198419851986198719881989
A. MPS net material product12,86213,26413,62513,69713,30013,60214,01313,69913,63115,223
plus:Consumption of fixed capital in material and nonmaterial spheres1,6821,7361,8011,9031,9822,0522,1002,1462,0892,198
plus:Value added in nonmaterial services1,3461,4361,4961,5081,6101,6011,6681,8091,6861,694
minus:Expenditures for material goods and services during business trips41434749525543565860
minus:Nonmaterial services used in material sphere311320331334330337348345340374
equals:
B. SNA gross domestic product15,53816,07316,54416,72516,51016,86317,39017,25317,00818,681
Source: State Planning Commission.

Preliminary estimates.

Source: State Planning Commission.

Preliminary estimates.

Table A2.Agricultural Production, 1980-90(In millions of leks at constant 1986 prices)
198919801981198219831984198519861987198819891990
(Share in total agricultural production)
Total gross agricultural production100.06,9877,2457,5338,2407,7858,0818,4028,4417,9218,7728,120
Crop production54.73,9464,2784,5624,9924,5974,8375,0804,9954,4234,7954,071
Grains15.71,1461,1241,2061,3471,2291,3631,3031,3411,4401,3731,381
Maize5.9596653717751671577748633485519470
Rice0.33944383937393534282722
Potatoes1.210913111114811594121996610475
Vegetables7.4598618648668618610627642525649639
Kidney beans1.1456040813666101757410068
Tobacco2.7211283280251294259341355191238224
Sunflower seeds1.111612613121513214613297719653
Cotton1.196124125941181621641448710072
Sugar beets0.98391969675695858387949
Other 117.29071,0241,1701,3021,2721,4521,4501,5171,4181,5101,018
Fruits and olives6.9548589611691556578539572537602516
Apples, pears, peaches, figs1.7129174157178141118140122117150121
Grapes1.8132141160161158163127155150158131
Olives0.858513810817723881506632
Citrus fruits0.53026353938373928384242
Others 22.1199197221205202188195186182186190
Livestock32.02,1802,0792,0672,2342,3042,3232,4562,5712,6162,8072,963
Meat9.8598707609616702818877925874862890
Cattle3.8275350273267291328380402348336346
Pigs2.3137146144134167180195191183198206
Sheep and goats2.7140162135146147207201231247236245
Poultry1.04649576997103101101969293
Milk13.68928067788458909079339911,0661,1951,138
Eggs2.7132126143159175177189210212240252
Others 35.8558440537614537421457445464510683
Forestry and related activities6.5313299293323328343327303345568570
Social product 4100.07,3577,6307,9408,6358,1958,4988,8288,8788,3769,2158,540
Material inputs46.63,2663,3383,6263,9703,7963,8534,0604,3284,0804,2964,251
Net material product53.44,0914,2924,3144,6654,3994,6454,7684,5504,2964,9194,289
Source: State Planning Commission.

Includes planting of new crops.

Includes planting of new orchards.

Includes production of wool, silk, organic fertilizer.

The difference between social product and gross agricultural production is accounted for by turnover taxes, irrigation, and production from personal plots.

Source: State Planning Commission.

Includes planting of new crops.

Includes planting of new orchards.

Includes production of wool, silk, organic fertilizer.

The difference between social product and gross agricultural production is accounted for by turnover taxes, irrigation, and production from personal plots.

Table A3.Industrial Production, 1980-90(In millions of leks at 1986 constant prices)
19801981198219831984198519861987198819891990
Energy
Electricity486557524432480439594543527543463
Oil1,2141,1911,115880879837880842844851804
Mining
Coal182197212229248257263263274276261
Chromium230250265257278256307281326340265
Copper8529351,0421,0711,2341,1621,3041,3701,4611,5251,134
Iron-nickel397511474602570512486528622671521
Manufacturing
Chemical and rubber6256787997707728418889379651,017857
Building material1,0451,0711,1111,1061,1239851,0231,008983996879
Wood processing655669695712723736758729708742662
Paper123133136134133144161153144165152
Machinery and equipment350372425468503465495513496486369
Spare parts327350374399404407466485493513482
Electrotechnical and metalworks9901,1291,2341,2831,3371,3561,3671,3961,4091,4901,492
Glass and ceramics118132140132146131139125139152142
Other minerals86105107110124109109110108115116
Textiles700736729771701778793778778795713
Clothing8128298879148789228668839561,1461,318
Leather processing265279298302319302317350385412432
Other light industry288389431455420484641569570616596
Tobacco products145150165155165158171164163195158
Fishery3842524548615866746678
Flour, bread1,3481,3901,4001,4351,4991,5431,5431,6081,6351,6761,720
Other food and beverages2,7122,8202,9202,9653,0692,9763,0313,1533,1443,2733,089
Print105111113114112116121123120130124
Other52597611097105110164173179169
Total gross output14,14515,08515,72415,85116,26216,08216,89117,14117,49718,37016,996
Capital goods9,0249,70510,01410,01510,38710,22410,95110,95611,17711,57410,237
Consumer goods5,1215,3805,7105,8365,8755,8585,9406,1856,3206,7966,759
Social production117,10118,09618,97919,03119,30419,21020,12820,49120,82121,69521,272
Material inputs11,87712,63313,26413,35413,70413,57313,93214,21514,51114,87315,185
Net material production5,2245,4635,7155,6775,6005,6376,1966,2766,3106,8226,087
Turnover taxes2,9563,0113,2553,1803,0423,1283,2373,3503,3243,3254,276
Source: State Planning Commission.

Turnover taxes account for the difference between gross output and social production.

Source: State Planning Commission.

Turnover taxes account for the difference between gross output and social production.

Table A4.Output of Selected Industrial Products, 1950-June 1991
Jan.-June
ProductUnit195019601970198019851986198719881989199019901991
Crude oil000 tons1327281,4871,3881,1881,2051,1821,1671,1281,067539453
Natural gasm.m3439869620426323618623324313074
Benzine000 tons5547619913110912410991814341
Petroleum000 tons3215445555566061562433
Electric powerm. Kwh211949523,7173,1475,1064,3953,9844,1233,1981,7151,764
Lignite000 tons412916061,4182,1002,1672,1342,1842,1932,0711,132710
Metallurgical coke000 tons17325023826029129023011983
Chromium ore000 tons522894661,0041,1111,1591,0751,1091,2001,011568360
Chromium concentrate000 tons1171711861641601731578456
Ferrochrome000 tons121226263939241517
Copper ore000 tons14823397699891,0121,1661,0871,136931519388
Copper wire000 tons36911111212952
Iron/nickel ore000 tons2554015979058299721,0671,179931529341
Rolled steel000 tons339610793101979365369
Molded steel000 tons134126117127114112794311
Phosphatic fertilizer000 tons1111501571681751651651428030
Ammonium nitrate000 tons761099511110396109934813
Urea000 tons887893747792905014
Sulfuric acid000 tons46727386808182683714
Caustic soda000 tons1325292931313333167
Soda ash000 tons1123222221222723133
Machinery and equipmentm. leks2107350465495513496486369197107
Spare partsm. leks1697327407466485493513482222121
Cement000 tons1673345826642710709746754645346193
Bricks and tilesm. pieces18165240295291312313319327308157106
Sawn timber000 m3511701912051941961771711731568336
Firewood000 tons1,0089691,2011,3811,3841,2901,2431,3181,182664489
Veneer000 m36107777686
Furniturem. leks53264861121251291311451336632
Printing/writing paperton3,3517,6197,6598,4507,8406,7398,1457,5464,1051,844
Packing paperton3,3427,1306,6388,6118,0597,5038,4776,8523,5201,350
Cotton clothesm. ms1224449464641383833186
Fabricsm. ms1410131213121112942
Knitwear000 pieces141011111212111073
Footwear000 pair2911,3423,6804,7354,8005,3765,3145,3966,1035,9903,0921,386
Lamps000 pieces7424,3154,9285,0934,7985,0425,5604,344
TV sets000 pieces12121222017231884
Radio sets000 pieces68161725253026129
Plastic productsm. leks994126128119125175132
Flour000 tons28125190278311317332338343352
Bread000 tons51138223300330341352358371378
SugarOOO tons1131533232118122315
Edible oils000 tons13920191819141510
Olive oilton1,5714,8252,9482,1642,8543,5943,0551,246
Industrial oilston5001,6862,1485,4944,2034,6084,6854,3733,5252,226
Canned fishton3526231,0471,2531,2811,2911,4411,0421,070
Cheese000 tons1261013131314141172
Macaroni000 tons3814242727283030261412
Riceton6552,2077,8257,8627,4236,3736,1855,9624,2993,528
Preserves and compoteston7173,5104,1604,6785,0985,5626,4107,5395,645
Beer000 hl216911715019922924023722818710051
Cigarettesm. pieces7333,4363,9054,9505,3485,6245,4675,3106,1844,9472,9791,095
Soaps and detergents000 tons14915182125222521125
Source: State Planning Commission.
Source: State Planning Commission.
Table A5.Summary Energy Balance, 1975-90(In thousand tons of oil equivalent)
Item197519801981198219831984198519861987198819891990
Total domestic sources2,7412,9353,0453,0542,4852,5052,4822,7402,6442,5492,5702,418
Total imports55124186237228200226203237294392314
From CMEA1216191510455528011113214273
From other countries43109167222125145174123127162250240
Total exports858628709546350288316492393267276137
To CMEA4621731631651439611322213517518075
To other countries396455546381207192202271258929661
Domestic use of energy1,9382,4312,5232,7452,3632,4162,3932,4502,4872,5762,6872,596
Of which:
Electricity generation24227529639125111615084988390123
Other purposes1,6962,1572,2272,3552,1132,3012,2432,3662,3892,4932,5972,472
Of which:
Industry1,0671,683181,8771,5841,5011,4431,4471,4691,5361,5991,555
Agriculture141165175182166157156168181184191193
Households220230246253242244260268270258265275
Others268705842120399384484469515542449
Source: Ministry of Heavy Industry, Mining and Energy.
Source: Ministry of Heavy Industry, Mining and Energy.
Table A6.Domestic Production of Energy, 1975-90(In thousand tons of oil equivalent)
Item197519801981198219831984198519861987198819891990
Coal296397405443480536562576579600579574
Bituminous coal193234414047484451384645
Wood270268272279264254276273276264266281
Oil1,8291,3881,3521,2461,1731,2801,1881,2051,1821,1671,1291,067
Gas243592683798333116173223201158198206
Electricity142324381341255299272439378342356274
Of which:
Hydropower stations84258299248195271235419354323334245
Total domestic sources2,7412,9353,0453,0542,4852,5052,4822,7402,6442,5492,5702,418
Source: Ministry of Heavy Industry, Mining and Energy.
Source: Ministry of Heavy Industry, Mining and Energy.
Table A7.Production and Consumption of Electric Power, 1975-90(In million kilowatt-hours)
197519801981198219831984198519861987198819891990
Production of electric
power1,6483,7674,4343,9652,9623,4773,1575,1074,3933,9824,1353,190
Of which:
Thermal6727639571,085696321416233273231250342
Hydro9763,0043,4772,8802,2663,1562,7314,8744,1203,7513,8852,848
Imports5167183147323
Exports3661,2231,7831,2564307586522,0931,423736629118
Losses in network and station consumption251383451418369394397518508544543567
Domestic consumption1,0312,1612,2002,2912,1632,3252,1082,5012,6292,8853,0022,828
Of which:
Industry7401,6791,6751,7351,6481,7271,5521,8151,8542,0342,1491,944
Agriculture68160188213171226222262304333325333
Households110136151161165187193215233250271280
Others113196176182169185141209230268257271
Source: Ministry of Heavy Industry, Mining and Energy.
Source: Ministry of Heavy Industry, Mining and Energy.
Table A8.Gross Fixed Investment, 1980-901(In millions of leks at constant 1986prices)
19801981198219831984198519861987198819891990
Material sphere3,0113,3633,5813,7753,8053,4323,5553,6473,7024,1833,430
Agriculture1,0041,2801,3841,4171,3571,2531,3571,3301,3561,5261,373
Electricity14211516826540940016118294106104
Industry (other than electricity)1,1291,2901,1791,2791,2891,0781,2331,3261,4291,7581,231
Mining308323424415402435451489513420435
Transport314269281267224166212210214260180
Trade4235584641344148505358
Other72518786836610062466049
Nonmaterial sphere917695815781700675697704730732787
Housing197192247257215220229235227238237
Other720503568524485455468469503494550
Total3,9284,0584,3964,5564,5054,1074,2524,3514,4324,9154,217
Source: Department of Statistics, State Planning Commission.

Excluding military and some other unidentified expenditures.

Source: Department of Statistics, State Planning Commission.

Excluding military and some other unidentified expenditures.

Table A9.Employment by Sector, 1975-90(In thousands, annual averages)
197519801981198219831984198519861987198819891990
Total employment8931,1221,1611,2161,2521,2791,2981,3411,3811,4051,4311,434
State sector503655676709735757769800830852881906
Cooperatives sector390467485507517522529541551553550528
Material sphere7729449761,0221,0511,0711,0851,1271,1581,1731,1921,189
Agriculture, forestry457559577597615631645672696706707704
Industry180238249263271277281292307312325325
Transport and communications192224262728293131302929
Trade and catering171920202121212221222525
Construction92999910810910610110295959999
Other777888888777
Nonmaterial sphere121178185194201208213214223232239245
Education435051525456565759616365
Health243333343535363838394143
Public services (transport, trade)374145485254565458646567
Scientific research institutions23333
Central Government910121111
Specialized organizations144444
Other175456606063655051495252
Memorandum item:
Average number of hours worked per week484848484848484848484848
Source: Statistical Directorate and Employment Directorate, State Planning Commission.

Social and political organizations.

Source: Statistical Directorate and Employment Directorate, State Planning Commission.

Social and political organizations.

Table A10.Selected Retail Prices in Official and Private Markets

(In leks per kilogram)1

19901991
MarchJuneSeptemberDecemberJanuaryFebruaryMarchAprilMayJune
Dried onions
Official market2.42.23.03.03.03.03.04.0
Private market3.53.04.05.06.06.05.06.0
Difference (in percent)45.836.433.366.7100.0100.066.750.0
Dried garlic
Official market10.010.010.010.010.0
Private market14.014.014.015.015.0
Difference (in percent)40.040.040.050.050.0
Fresh onions
Official market2.01.62.52.52.52.52.02.5
Private market3.02.03.53.53.53.53.03.5
Difference (in percent)50.025.040.040.040.040.050.040.0
Potatoes
Official market3.03.03.03.03.03.03.03.03.03.0
Private market4.04.04.04.05.06.06.06.04.04.0
Difference (in percent)33.333.333.333.366.7100.0100.0100.033.333.3
Spinach
Official market1.41.31.82.02.01.51.5
Private market2.52.52.53.03.01.81.8
Difference (in percent)78.692.338.950.050.020.020.0
Eggs
Official market0.91.01.01.01.01.01.01.01.01.0
Private market1.01.01.01.31.31.51.21.21.31.3
Difference (in percent)11.130.030.050.020.020.030.030.0
Leeks
Official market2.01.82.52.6
Private market3.02.03.04.0
Difference (in percent)50.011.120.053.8
Meat
Official market17.017.017.017.017.017.017.017.017.017.0
Private market30.030.030.030.033.034.033.033.033.033.0
Difference (in percent)76.576.576.576.594.1100.094.194.194.194.1
Source: Ministry of Internal Trade.

Except for the price of eggs, which refers to leks per piece.

Source: Ministry of Internal Trade.

Except for the price of eggs, which refers to leks per piece.

Table A11.State Budget Operations, 1982-90(In millions of leks)
198219831984198519861987198819891990
I. Total revenue8,604.08,363.08,403.08,533.08,473.08,488.09,052.09,003.07,630.0
Tax revenue7,400.07,252.07,463.07,694.07,828.07,978.07,707.08,250.07,090.0
Turnover tax3,586.03,462.03,210.03,321.03,883.03,934.03,880.04,224.03,936.0
Income tax3,239.03,145.02,561.02,600.01,999.01,972.01,837.02,067.01,335.0
Profit transfer from state enterprises3,128.03,020.02,443.02,467.01,870.01,864.01,749.01,974.01,273.0
Tax on income of agricultural cooperatives111.0125.0118.0133.0129.0108.088.093.062.0
Social security contribution575.0645.0661.0668.0822.0863.0889.0922.0967.0
Transfer of amortization1,031.01,105.01,124.01,209.01,101.01,037.0852.0
Nontax revenue1,204.01,111.01,391.0839.0645.0510.01,345.0753.0540.0
Income from budgetary institutions293.0293.0206.0202.0200.0203.0161.0156.0162.0
Tax on foreign trade322.0
Confiscation of enterprise deposits150.048.0
Use of Emergency Fund650.0120.0
Other589.0818.0734.0637.0445.0307.0384.0429.0378.0
II. Current expenditure3,946.54,227.94,183.94,417.84,123.04,397.04,753.75,162.66,272.4
Wage bill1,059.51,092.71,123.81,128.71,176.01,209.01,216.71,238.01,293.4
Wages969.51,002.71,029.81,034.71,064.01,091.01,099.71,120.01,169.4
Social security contribution90.090.094.094.0112.0118.0117.0118.0124.0
Interest payment (external)34.032.031.030.025.026.025.070.024.0
Operation and maintenance764.0784.0794.0795.0653.0703.0694.0738.0803.0
Material sphere295.0309.0307.0307.0167.0182.0183.0239.0261.0
Nonmaterial sphere469.0475.0487.0488.0486.0521.0511.0499.0542.0
Total subsidies1,127.01,252.21,072.11,225.1998.01,164.01,449.01,616.62,619.0
Subsidies to enterprises719.0968.2788.1907.1738.0841.01,149.01,241.62,321.0
Budgeted719.0629.0543.0592.0635.0486.0396.0506.0253.0
Extrabudgetary339.2245.1315.1103.0355.0753.0735.62,068.0
Price subsidies363.0284.0264.0280.0229.0323.0286.0314.0290.0
Transfers to State Agricultural Bank45.020.038.031.014.061.08.0
Social security778.0884.0971.01,035.01,106.01,162.01,236.01,331.01,426.0
Other184.0183.0192.0204.0165.0133.0133.0169.0107.0
III. Total investment4,630.54,670.24,901.24,412.34,440.04,440.04,491.35,474.04,197.6
Budgeted4,630.54,457.34,901.24,412.34,440.04,440.04,314.34,467.03,684.6
Extrabudgetary212.9177.01,007.0513.0
IV. Funds of Council of Ministers and branch ministries (+: net use of funds)9.6114.961.858.1–81.3–60.910.9–32.9–138.5
V. Total expenditures (II+ III +IV)8,586.69,013.09,146.98,888.28,481.78,776.19,255.910,603.710,331.5
VI. Fiscal balance, commitment basis17.4–650.0–743.9–355.2–8.7–288.1–203.9–1,600.7–2,701.5
(as percent of GDP)0.1–3.9–4.5–2.1–0.1–1.7–1.2–8.6–16.6
VII. Government arrears to enterprises366.1–366.1175.5571.71,928.2
VIII. Fiscal balance, cash basis17.4–650.0–377.8–721.3–8.7–288.1–28.4–1,029.0–773.3
(as percent of GDP)0.1–3.9–2.3–4.3–0.1–1.7–0.2–5.5–4.8
IX. Financing requirement (+)–17.4650.0377.8721.38.7288.128.41,029.0773.3
X. Domestic financing (+: increase)
Net position versus Bank–119.2668.3377.8521.036.7248.428.41,029.0773.3
Deposits153.9–471.3–356.7–818.893.579.2–75.1–880.6171.2
Reserve Account51.7–368.7–305.4–770.77.912.9–74.0–923.522.7
Gold and precious metal fund 211.812.310.510.04.35.49.810.010.0
Council of Ministers; branch ministries–9.6–114.9–61.8–58.181.360.9–10.932.9138.5
Credit3–65.3197.021.1–297.8130.2327.6–46.7148.4944.5
Advances to government186.2–87.1–89.493.2252.4–126.9249.1771.6
Overdraft facility–65.310.8108.2–208.437.075.280.2–100.7172.9
XI. External financing
Foreign loans
Amortization (–)
XII. Errors and omissions101.8–18.3–0.0200.3–28.0–39.7
(VI-VII-VIII) (+: overfinancing)
Memorandum item:
Accumulated government arrears to enterprises366.1175.5747.22,675.4
Source: Ministry of Finance.

A negative sign indicates a reduction in deposits.

Valued at constant 1982 prices.

A negative sign indicates a reduction in credit.

Source: Ministry of Finance.

A negative sign indicates a reduction in deposits.

Valued at constant 1982 prices.

A negative sign indicates a reduction in credit.

Table A12.General Government Tax Revenue(In percent of total tax revenue)
198219831984198519861987198819891990
Total Tax Revenue100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
Turnover tax48.547.743.043.249.649.350.351.255.5
Income tax43.843.434.333.825.524.723.825.118.8
Profit transfer from state enterprises42.341.632.732.123.923.422.723.918.0
Tax on income of agricultural cooperatives1.51.71.61.71.61.41.11.10.9
Social security contributions7.88.98.98.710.510.811.511.213.6
Transfer of amortization13.814.414.415.214.312.612.0
Total enterprise transfer (Profit and amortization transfer)42.341.646.546.438.238.537.036.530.0
(In percent of GDP)
Total Tax Revenue44.743.445.245.645.046.245.344.243.7
Turnover tax21.720.719.419.722.322.822.822.624.2
Income tax19.618.815.515.411.511.410.811.18.2
Profit transfer from state enterprises18.918.114.814.610.810.810.310.67.8
Tax on income of agricultural cooperatives0.70.70.70.80.70.60.50.50.4
Social security contributions3.53.94.04.04.75.05.24.96.0
Transfer of amortization6.26.66.57.06.55.65.2
Total enterprise transfer (Profit and amortization transfer)18.918.121.021.217.217.816.816.113.1
Source: Ministry of Finance.
Source: Ministry of Finance.
Table A13.General Government Expenditure(In percent of total expenditure)
198219831984198519861987198819891990
Current expenditure46.046.943.649.748.650.151.448.760.7
Wagebill12.312.111.712.713.913.813.111.712.5
Wages11.311.110.711.612.512.411.910.611.3
Social security contributions1.01.01.01.11.31.31.31.11.2
Interest payment (external)0.40.40.30.30.30.30.30.70.2
Operation and maintenance8.98.78.38.97.78.07.57.07.8
Total subsidies13.113.911.213.811.813.315.715.225.3
Subsidies to enterprises8.410.78.210.28.79.612.411.722.5
Budgeted8.47.05.76.77.55.54.34.82.4
Extrabudgetary3.82.63.51.24.08.16.920.0
Price subsidies4.23.22.83.22.73.73.13.02.8
Social security9.19.810.111.613.013.213.412.613.8
Total investment53.951.855.849.652.350.648.551.640.6
Budgeted53.949.551.149.652.350.646.642.135.7
Extrabudgetary2.44.71.99.55.0
Use of funds of Council of Ministers and branch ministries (-: revenue)0.11.30.60.7–1.0–0.70.1–0.3–1.3
Total expenditure100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
(In percent of GDP)
Current expenditure23.925.325.326.223.725.527.927.638.6
Wagebill6.46.56.86.76.87.07.26.68.0
Wages5.96.06.26.16.16.36.56.07.2
Social security contributions0.50.50.60.60.60.70.70.60.8
Interest payment (external)0.20.20.20.20.10.20.10.40.1
Operation and maintenance4.64.74.84.73.84.14.14.04.9
Total subsidies6.87.56.57.35.76.78.58.716.1
Subsidies to enterprises4.35.84.85.44.24.96.86.614.3
Budgeted4.33.83.33.53.72.82.32.71.6
Extrabudgetary2.01.51.90.62.14.43.912.7
Price subsidies2.21.71.61.71.31.91.71.71.8
Social security4.75.35.96.16.46.77.37.18.8
Total investment28.027.932.426.225.525.726.429.325.9
Budgeted28.026.729.726.225.525.725.423.922.7
Extrabudgetary1.31.05.43.2
Use of funds of Council of Ministers and branch ministries (-: revenue)0.10.70.40.3–0.5–0.40.1–0.2–0.9
Total expenditure51.953.955.452.748.850.954.456.863.6
Source: Ministry of Finance.
Source: Ministry of Finance.
Table A14.State Investment(In millions of leks)
198219831984198519861987198819891990
Investment for the material sphere3,706.03,781.93,919.03,441.03,429.03,418.03,483.04,440.03,041.0
Budgeted3,706.03,569.03,919.03,441.03,429.03,418.03,306.03,433.02,528.0
Extrabudgetary212.9177.01,007.0513.0
Investment for the nonmaterial sphere924.5888.3982.2971.31,011.01,022.01,008.31,034.01,156.6
Defense684.0693.0761.0749.0769.0805.0750.0750.0722.0
Ministry of Interior59.564.371.290.384.086.087.396.0185.6
All other181.0131.0150.0132.0158.0131.0171.0188.0249.0
Total investment4,630.54,670.24,901.24,412.34,440.04,440.04,491.35,474.04,197.6
(as percent of GDP)28.027.929.726.225.525.726.429.325.9
Source: Ministry of Finance.
Source: Ministry of Finance.
Table A15.Consumer Price Subsidies(In millions of leks)
198219831984198519861987198819891990
Childwear14.011.011.011.09.013.027.012.014.0
Cereals130.0131.0109.0103.0112.0136.098.0146.0104.0
Meat65.071.088.071.058.0120.092.092.0113.0
Subsidy for general price reduction137.039.012.010.010.07.01.0
Flour16.020.015.012.023.017.012.015.0
Fertilizer10.09.011.013.019.014.017.021.0
Other17.06.015.059.015.012.031.035.022.0
Total price subsidy363.0284.0264.0280.0229.0323.0286.0314.0290.0
(as percent of GDP)2.21.71.61.71.31.91.71.71.8
Source: Ministry of Finance.
Source: Ministry of Finance.
Table A16.Subsidies to Enterprises(In millions of leks)
198219831984198519861987198819891990
I. Budgeted Subsidies719.0629.0543.0592.0635.0486.0396.0506.0253.0
For Increasing working capital260.0197.0193.0188.0131.0187.0143.035.0
For covering profit loss104.063.0131.0177.0150.0154.082.0197.012.0
To agricultural machine stations1255.0269.0119.0127.067.017.026.0118.0121.0
To retail distributors 2100.0100.0100.0100.0118.0128.0145.0156.0120.0
Planned general subsidies169.0
II. Extrabudgetary Subsidies339.2245.1315.1103.0355.0753.0502.82,068.0
Extrabudgetary subsidies for above categories 3153.0146.0315.0525.0500.01,717.0
Foreign trade subsidy 4186.299.10.1103.0355.0228.02.8351.0
III. Net Subsidies Due to Reforms232.8
IV. Total Enterprise Subsidy719.0968.2788.1907.1738.0841.01,149.01,241.62,321.0
(as percent of GDP)4.35.84.85.44.24.96.86.614.3
Source: Ministry of Finance.

Since 1989, net of revenues.

Until 1986, retailers withheld their budget subsidy from the turnover tax collected by them. Estimate by the Ministry of Finance is leks 100 million per year.

The bulk is directed to cover losses.

Transferred to the central bank, to cover differences between the domestic currency value of foreign trade transactions converted at the official exchange rate and the domestic currency value at wholesale prices paid (or received) by the central bank to (from) foreign trade enterprises.

Source: Ministry of Finance.

Since 1989, net of revenues.

Until 1986, retailers withheld their budget subsidy from the turnover tax collected by them. Estimate by the Ministry of Finance is leks 100 million per year.

The bulk is directed to cover losses.

Transferred to the central bank, to cover differences between the domestic currency value of foreign trade transactions converted at the official exchange rate and the domestic currency value at wholesale prices paid (or received) by the central bank to (from) foreign trade enterprises.

Table A17.Net Transfers of Enterprise Sector to State Budget(In percent of GDP)
198219831984198519861987198819891990
Total enterprise transfers18.918.121.021.217.217.817.616.413.1
Profit tax18.918.114.814.610.810.810.310.67.8
Remittance of bank deposits0.90.3
Amortization16.26.66.57.06.55.65.2
Total enterprise subsidies4.35.84.85.44.24.96.86.614.3
Net transfers to budget14.612.316.315.813.012.910.99.7–1.2
Source: Ministry of Finance.

Until 1983 amortization transfer was lumped together with profit taxes.

Source: Ministry of Finance.

Until 1983 amortization transfer was lumped together with profit taxes.

Table A18.Balance Sheet of State Bank of Albania (SBA), 1980-90(In millions of leks; end of period)
19801981198219831984198519861987198819891990
Assets
Foreign assets630.5708.1666.9546.0513.5529.5630.8720.61,540.23,645.21,961.1
Gold354.1363.3370.3365.1386.4472.5477.2483.2285.6258.6188.2
Convertible currencies275.5343.7296.4180.7126.956.7153.4237.31,254.43,386.41,772.8
Nonconvertible currencies1.01.20.20.20.10.30.30.10.20.20.2
Claims on State Agricultural Bank952.0993.0949.0898.01,053.0915.01,369.01,531.01,739.01,661.02,084.0
Domestic credit5,959.56,260.36,529.66,466.35,988.75,958.95,711.56,011.35,794.86,083.36,753.1
To state enterprises5,865.06,168.06,438.96,377.25,901.45,873.15,626.15,926.45,711.26,000.06,671.2
To individuals94.592.390.889.187.285.885.584.983.683.481.9
Other assets83.185.991.4108.898.5135.2134.9142.2122.6133.7136.1
Total assets7,625.18,047.28,237.08,019.17,653.77,538.67,846.38,405.09,196.511,523.210,934.4
Liabilities
Currency in circulation703.3757.3800.2911.2944.5967.11,035.21,162.41,233.91,241.71,694.9
Foreign liabilities157.0259.2168.8111.6108.378.3143.3222.81,390.04,414.94,684.8
Convertible currencies6.812.36.67.88.710.915.821.9917.24,020.03,889.6
Foreign banks889.63,981.62,136.8
Arrears1,648.0
Local embassies6.812.36.67.88.710.915.821.927.638.4104.8
Nonconvertible currencies150.3247.0162.2103.899.667.5127.6197.1468.9391.4794.0
Domestic currency3.83.93.51.2
Liabilities to government (net)3,951.43,895.04,014.33,345.92,968.02,559.72,523.12,274.82,246.41,336.3651.2
Reserve Account balance3,288.13,174.13,225.82,857.12,551.71,781.01,788.91,801.81,727.8804.3827.0
Gold and precious metals415.7427.6439.4451.7462.2584.9589.2594.8604.4733.3831.6
Deposits and other liabilities294.0330.7321.1206.2144.486.3167.6228.5217.6250.5389.0
Claims on government1–186.2-99.1-9.7–102.9–355.3–228.4–477.5–1,249.1
Transaction account balances (net)-46.5-37.427.917.1-91.1117.380.35.1-75.125.6-147.3
Liabilities to savings banks787.6818.2881.1983.81,069.41,160.41,263.51,405.51,562.41,645.11,786.2
Deposits1,000.9894.3752.0817.8785.5704.9834.2777.5880.41,280.71,599.4
State enterprises1,000.9894.3752.0817.8785.5704.9834.2777.5879.71,278.51,595.1
Domestic1,000.9894.3752.0817.8785.5704.9834.2777.5879.71,278.51,588.9
Foreign currency6.2
Individuals0.72.24.3
Foreign currency0.72.24.3
Other liabilities1,024.91,423.31,620.71,848.81,778.12,068.12,047.02,562.01,883.61,604.5517.9
Capital750.0750.0750.0750.0750.0750.0750.0750.0750.0750.0750.0
Reserves250.0250.0250.0250.0250.0250.0250.0250.0250.0250.0250.0
Strategic commodity reserve650.0120.0
Other identified items541.6799.5779.6696.8464.2549.1560.3497.6415.1824.8–993.6
Unidentified residual–516.7–376.2–158.9152.0313.9519.0486.7414.4348.4–220.3511.5
Total liabilities7,625.18,047.28,237.08,019.17,653.77,538.67,846.38,405.09,196.511,523.210,934.4
Memorandum item:
Liabilities to government (net), excluding revaluations3,951.43,895.04,014.33,345.92,968.02,447.02,410.32,162.12,133.61,104.6331.2
Source: State Bank of Albania.

Comprises transfers of funds to the state enterprises by the SBA on behalf of the government, SBA losses due to foreign trade transactions, and SBA loans denominated in foreign exchange to the Ministry of Trade to finance imports of capital equipment.

Source: State Bank of Albania.

Comprises transfers of funds to the state enterprises by the SBA on behalf of the government, SBA losses due to foreign trade transactions, and SBA loans denominated in foreign exchange to the Ministry of Trade to finance imports of capital equipment.

Table A19.Balance Sheet of State Agricultural Bank, 1980-90(In millions of leks; end of period)
19801981198219831984198519861987198819891990
Assets
Domestic credit1,828.01,976.02,036.02,010.02,119.02,106.02,508.02,692.02,833.03,007.03,351.0
To state farms689.0677.0710.0712.0765.0800.0993.01,085.01,175.01,317.01,538.0
To cooperatives1,127.01,284.01,306.01,271.01,318.01,260.01,458.01,536.01,573.01,590.01,700.0
To individuals12.015.020.027.036.046.057.071.085.0100.0113.0
Other assets6.04.01.02.01.01.01.01.01.01.016.0
Total assets1,834.01,980.02,037.02,012.02,120.02,107.02,509.02,693.02,834.03,008.03,367.0
Liabilities
Deposits266.0317.0348.0360.0330.0430.0351.0378.0339.0425.0463.0
State farms62.069.073.096.075.069.065.078.083.076.0104.0
Cooperatives204.0248.0275.0264.0255.0361.0286.0300.0256.0349.0359.0
Government funding327.0355.0400.0412.0432.0432.0463.0480.0494.0555.0562.0
Liabilities to State Bank952.0993.0949.0898.01,053.0915.01,369.01,531.01,739.01,661.02,084.0
Other liabilities289.0315.0340.0342.0305.0330.0326.0304.0262.0367.0258.0
Capital250.0250.0250.0250.0250.0250.0250.0250.0250.0250.0250.0
Other39.065.090.092.055.080.076.054.012.0117.08.0
Total liabilities1,834.01,980.02,037.02,012.02,120.02,107.02,509.02,693.02,834.03,008.03,367.0
Source: State Bank of Albania.
Source: State Bank of Albania.
Table A20.Balance Sheet of Savings Banks, 1980-90(In millions of leks; end of period)
19801981198219831984198519861987198819891990
Assets
Deposits with SBA787.6818.2881.1983.81,069.41,160.41,263.51,405.51,562.41,645.11,786.2
Total assets787.6818.2881.1983.81,069.41,160.41,263.51,405.51,562.41,645.11,786.2
Liabilities
Deposits of individuals700.0735.0788.0891.0985.01,071.01,183.01,329.01,478.01,567.01,707.0
Demand deposits405.0415.0445.0507.0558.0606.0670.0755.0832.0864.0917.0
Time deposits295.0320.0343.0384.0427.0465.0513.0574.0646.0703.0790.0
Other liabilities187.683.293.192.884.489.480.576.584.478.179.2
Total liabilities787.6818.2881.1983.81,069.41,160.41,263.51,405.51,562.41,645.11,786.2
Source: State Bank of Albania.

Insurance premiums.

Source: State Bank of Albania.

Insurance premiums.

Table A21.Interest Rates on Bank Credits,1 1980-90(In percent per annum)
19801981198219831984198519861987198819891990
Working capital credit required for achievement of plan targets12.02.02.02.02.02.02.02.02.02.02.0
Temporary credit12.02.02.02.02.02.02.02.02.02.02.0
Short-term credit for advanced settlement of accounts between enterprises11.01.01.01.01.01.01.01.01.01.01.0
Short-term occasional credit for settlement of accounts between enterprises22.02.02.0
Short-term occasional credit to state enterprises for gathering of agricultural production from cooperatives2.0
Short-term occasional credit (2-3 months’ maturity)2.0
Long-term occasional credit (2–3 years’ maturity) for financing of unsold and unused inventory stocks2.02.0
Short-term occasional credit for settlement of interenterprises’ arrears4.0
Credit arrears for financing of unsold and unused inventory stocks36.06.0
Source: State Bank of Albania.

For state enterprises, state farms, but not agricultural cooperatives.

For state enterprises, state farms, and agricultural cooperatives.

Except for this type of credit, interest rates on other credit arrears are double the respective normal rate.

Source: State Bank of Albania.

For state enterprises, state farms, but not agricultural cooperatives.

For state enterprises, state farms, and agricultural cooperatives.

Except for this type of credit, interest rates on other credit arrears are double the respective normal rate.

Table A22.Interest Rates on Bank Deposits, 1 1980-90(In percent per annum)
1980-851986-90
Deposits with State Bank of Albania
Deposits of state enterprises10.50.5
Deposits of savings banks3.03.0
Deposits in foreign currency (U.S. dollar)
Demand deposits2.06.0
Time deposits (6 months)2.07.0
Time deposits (12 months)4.08.0
Deposits with Agricultural Bank2
Deposits of state farms10.50.5
Deposits of cooperatives10.50.5
Deposits with Savings Banks
Demand deposits of households2.02.0
Time deposits of households (6 months)3.03.0
Source: State Bank of Albania.

From July 1, 1990 the interest rate on deposits has been increased to 1 percent.

For a selected number of cooperatives receiving credit at zero interest rate, the interest rate on deposits was equal to zero percent until 1990, and 1 percent thereafter.

Source: State Bank of Albania.

From July 1, 1990 the interest rate on deposits has been increased to 1 percent.

For a selected number of cooperatives receiving credit at zero interest rate, the interest rate on deposits was equal to zero percent until 1990, and 1 percent thereafter.

Table A23.Balance of Payments in Rubles, 1968-90(In millions of rubles)
19681969197019711972197319741975197619771978197919801981198219831984198519861987198819891990
Current account–33.7–52.0–44.7–25.6–55.8–51.5–1.0–103.9–20.3–60.7–44.617.70.124.0–8.4–1.63.1–5.1–4.5–0.6–13.518.8–44.9
Trade balance–32.9–51.6–44.3–24.5–55.2–51.6–1.5–104.8–20.4–59.0–43.517.50.222.0–10.4–2.9–0.6–9.5–9.0–6.3–18.615.0–48.6
Exports, f.o.b.54.857.961.575.883.083.9103.299.098.572.052.988.198.9128.5117.1136.6124.4125.0157.0157.4173.1206.5132.4
Imports, f.o.b.87.7109.5105.8100.3138.2135.5104.7203.8118.9131.096.470.698.7106.5127.5139.5125.0134.5166.0163.7191.7191.5181.0
Services balance–0.8–0.4–0.4–1.1–0.60.20.50.90.1–1.6–1.00.1–0.12.02.11.43.74.54.55.75.13.83.8
Receipts1.82.32.42.93.44.34.54.74.73.43.43.94.65.16.26.27.78.39.310.39.810.19.7
Shipment and other transportation1.01.21.52.02.22.82.92.72.91.92.63.23.24.04.24.15.36.16.26.86.46.45.9
Other0.81.10.90.91.21.41.62.01.71.50.90.71.41.12.02.12.42.23.13.53.43.63.816
Expenditures2.62.72.84.14.04.14.03.74.65.04.43.84.73.04.14.84.03.84.74.74.76.26.0
Shipment and other transportation0.60.60.61.20.80.70.70.20.30.60.50.20.81.11.52.11.20.91.61.41.22.31.6
Insurance0.40.50.50.50.70.70.51.00.60.70.50.40.50.50.60.70.60.70.80.81.01.00.9
Interest1.31.31.31.91.92.22.21.93.03.12.92.62.61.11.00.80.80.70.70.70.70.50.2
Other0.30.30.40.50.50.60.60.60.60.60.60.70.80.40.91.21.41.41.61.71.82.53.2
Unrequited transfers, net
Capital account31.244.537.959.859.960.342.1117.080.114.1143.8–21.5–6.5–24.911.83.13.67.97.02.417.3–19.046.1
Medium and long-term, net30.337.136.859.055.554.461.5120.140.763.198.3–6.4–6.4–2.6–2.6–2.1–2.1–2.0–2.0–2.0–2.0–2.0–2.0
Credits received30.337.136.859.055.554.461.5120.140.763.198.3–6.4–6.4–2.6–2.6–2.1–2.1–2.0–2.0–2.0–2.0–2.0–2.0
Disbursements34.341.041.064.274.673.576.1130.648.791.4104.7
Repayments4.04.04.25.219.119.114.710.68.028.36.46.46.42.62.62.12.12.02.02.02.02.02.0
Credits extended
Short-term capital, net0.87.51.10.74.45.9–19.4–3.139.4–48.945.6–15.1–0.1–22.314.45.25.79.99.14.419.3–17.148.1
Errors and omissions2.67.56.8–34.1–4.1–8.9–41.1–13.1–59.846.5–99.33.96.40.9–3.4–1.5–6.7–2.8–2.5–1.7–3.80.2–1.3
Overall balance
Financing of overall balance
Change in reserves (– increase)
Source: Data provided by the Albanian authorities and IMF staff estimates.
Source: Data provided by the Albanian authorities and IMF staff estimates.
Table A24.Balance of Payments in Nonconvertible Currencies Other than Ruble, 1968-90(In millions of US. dollars)
19681969197019711972197319741975197619771978197919801981198219831984198519861987198819891990
Current account1.4–0.60.1–0.11.93.2–1.110.02.8–2.7–6.1–20.316.025.3–1.43.2–1.3–2.20.8–1.9–16.1–2.5–14.4
Trade balance1.4–0.50.30.22.33.7–0.910.23.4–0.9–4.9–17.819.028.31.25.00.30.74.30.9–10.3–1.2–11.6
Exports, f.o.b.3.03.04.45.19.013.723.527.919.425.025.331.3118.296.868.045.245.946.258.853.538.939.530.7
Imports, f.o.b.1.63.54.14.86.710.024.417.716.025.930.249.199.268.566.840.245.645.554.552.649.240.742.3
Services balance–0.1–0.2–0.4–0.4–0.4–0.2–0.2–0.6–1.8–1.2–2.5–3.0–3.0–2.6–1.8–1.6–2.9–3.5–2.9–5.8–1.3–2.8
Receipts0.91.61.01.21.00.70.90.71.62.20.6
Shipment and other transportation0.40.80.20.20.20.10.10.20.40.30.20.11.4
Other0.30.40.30.30.40.60.70.80.70.60.40.40.61.20.70.90.90.70.90.71.60.80.6
Expenditures0.30.40.50.70.81.41.71.31.52.71.73.03.84.63.63.02.63.64.53.67.43.63.5
Shipment and other transportation0.40.60.10.41.50.51.41.91.81.51.21.21.61.90.94.00.90.8
Insurance0.10.10.10.10.10.20.20.50.30.30.20.20.20.30.30.20.20.2
Other0.30.40.50.70.81.01.01.11.01.01.11.41.52.41.81.61.11.72.22.43.22.52.5
Unrequited transfers, net
Capital account3.0–0.1–2.9–1.3–1.0–0.8–15.119.5–9.913.910.4–9.7–29.912.4–25.8–0.1–1.9–0.810.7–6.00.6
Medium and long-term, net
Credits received
Credits extended
Short-term capital, net3.0–0.1–2.9–1.0–0.8–15.119.5–9.913.910.4–9.7–29.912.4–25.8–0.1–1.9–0.810.7–6.020.6
Errors and omissions
Overall balance
Financing of overall balance
Change in reserves (–increase)
Source: Data provided by the Albanian authorities and IMF staff estimates.
Source: Data provided by the Albanian authorities and IMF staff estimates.
Table A25.Export and Import Indices for Value, Volume, and Prices
19701980198519861987198819891990
Exports
Value
Total100531480553514476553388
Nonconvertible currencies100429408456421383440290
Convertible currencies1002,9722,4172,2402,1222,4712,9632,492
Volume
Total100486359490401329287250
Nonconvertible currencies100543270355317287242144
Convertible currencies100372707842581632698940
Unit values
Total100109134113128145192155
Nonconvertible currencies10079151129133133182201
Convertible currencies100800342266365391425265
Imports
Value
Total100238266221210270308322
Nonconvertible currencies100144169168164167175139
Convertible currencies1002,0892,1071,1639221,8402,4193,473
Volume
Total100214350335351419436409
Nonconvertible currencies100107154216247238245178
Convertible currencies1003,1674,5772,9152.3283,8344,0945,323
Unit values
Total100III766660657179
Nonconvertible currencies1001351107866707178
Convertible currencies10066444040485965
Source: Ministry of Foreign Trade.
Source: Ministry of Foreign Trade.
Table A26.Commodity Composition of Exports and Imports in Convertible Currencies, SITC Classification 1(In millions of U.S. dollars)
SITC CategoryDescription19701980198519861987198819891990
Exports
0Food and live animals0.710.96.911.512.815.416.522.5
1Beverages and tobacco0.21.61.83.97.65.55.28.3
2Crude materials inedible, except fuels1.716.533.631.521.642.263.343.4
3Mineral fuels, lubricants, and related materials1.052.229.323.424.04.00.18.3
Of which:
33Petroleum and petroleum products1.052.229.311.814.54.00.18.2
4Animal and vegetable oils and fats
5Chemicals0.41.61.02.51.82.50.7
6Manufactured goods, classified chiefly by material1.013.34.77.710.215.717.88.9
7Machinery and transport equipment
8Miscellaneous manufactured articles0.14.25.96.77.87.76.25.7
9Miscellaneous transactions and commodities not classified according to kind
Total, SITC 0-94.899.183.985.786.592.3111.797.8
Imports
0Food and live animals0.65.05.44.34.917.828.649.4
1Beverages and tobacco
2Crude materials inedible, except fuels2.421.613.48.59.512.413.516.2
3Mineral fuels, lubricants, and related materials17.119.09.47.711.012.216.0
Of which:
33Petroleum and petroleum products0.40.90.50.91.61.3
4Animal and vegetable oils and fats10.06.54.22.48.811.318.5
5Chemicals0.35.45.95.55.97.714.07.5
6Manufactured goods, classified chiefly by material3.424.315.212.112.417.729.628.5
7Machinery and transport equipment20.24.025.620.420.217.618.918.7
8Miscellaneous manufactured articles1.70.20.110.10.10.1
9Miscellaneous transactions and commodities not classified according to kind
Total, SITC 0-96.889.592.265.163.993.1129.8156.1
Source: Ministry of Foreign Trade.

Covers a large majority of exports.

Includes projects.

Source: Ministry of Foreign Trade.

Covers a large majority of exports.

Includes projects.

Table A27.Commodity Composition of Exports and Imports in Nonconvertible Currencies, SITC Classification 1(In millions of U.S. dollars)
SITC CategoryDescription19701980198519861987198819891990
Exports
0Food and live animals4.018.728.826.025.028.441.529.0
1Beverages and tobacco16.037.848.439.846.441.558.143.2
2Crude materials inedible, except fuels17.045.435.942.941.545.442.635.8
3Mineral fuels, lubricants, and related materials2.484.340.064.851.943.840.111.8
Of which:
33Petroleum and petroleum products2.450.012.319.616.216.017.55.1
4Animal and vegetable oils and fats
5Chemicals0.63.22.02.72.01.91.4
6Manufactured goods, classified chiefly by material4.418.225.421.222.322.728.026.6
7Machinery and transport equipment
8Miscellaneous manufactured articles2.211.310.68.98.89.97.92.8
9Miscellaneous transactions and commodities not classified according to kind
Total, SITC 0-946.1216.2192.3205.7198.5193.5220.0150.6
Imports
0Food and live animals8.97.422.817.411.215.312.914.4
1Beverages and tobacco
2Crude materials inedible, except fuels6.911.011.510.07.58.26.47.7
3Mineral fuels, lubricants, and related materials1.13.512.214.617.116.715.98.5
Of which:
33Petroleum and petroleum products0.20.9
Animal and vegetable oils and fats2.88.58.510.38.08.14.90.6
5Chemicals22.54.43.93.12.72.62.61.3
6Manufactured goods, classified chiefly by material20.962.845.251.240.938.539.234.2
7Machinery and transport equipment216.821.350.642.356.984.184.666.7
8Miscellaneous manufactured articles0.52.21.11.51.71.10.90.8
9Miscellaneous transactions and commodities not classified according to kind
Total, SITC 0-980.5121.3155.8150.4146.0175.6167.5134.1
Source: Ministry of Foreign Trade.

Covers a large majority of exports. Exports valued in rubles are converted to dollars using official cross exchange rates.

Includes projects.

Source: Ministry of Foreign Trade.

Covers a large majority of exports. Exports valued in rubles are converted to dollars using official cross exchange rates.

Includes projects.

Table A28.Geographical Distribution of Exports and Imports, 1975-90(Current prices, millions of leks)
197519801981198219831984198519861987198819891990
Exports
Exports, f.o.b.2,057.83,573.43,512.83,155.72,992.12,799.92,664.82,490.12,489.62,549.23,029.12,288.5
CMEA countries1,146.61,825.01,685.81,592.21,806.81,651.61,646.91,255.71,260.01,385.01,650.91,059.3
Bulgaria107.6144.0142.6188.2137.6142.3158.6187.0187.4239.3313.2189.1
Romania100.2471.1385.7278.1387.0352.5289.1235.7232.0247.0274.5106.9
Czechoslovakia327.6414.9391.4368.1432.0404.4369.8301.2307.7256.6345.8335.6
Hungary137.0139.9189.0204.2192.9207.2260.5126.2154.3151.7112.2128.5
Poland217.6340.4268.4238.8290.3228.2250.4175.4149.6191.6202.4107.2
Former east Germany178.4223.7229.1183.2240.1234.4223.5141.0168.8209.4278.4101.2
Others78.291.179.7131.6127.082.795.089.260.289.4124.490.8
Industrial countries323.31,114.61,141.7944.7761.7736.5653.3714.2744.4789.1984.8862.5
Former west Germany29.2135.457.171.975.393.579.980.499.1108.8147.6120.5
Italy144.2282.5294.2180.8125.7105.444.486.4109.0161.4238.3205.1
Greece56.6338.3370.4173.9102.5123.8125.4169.7136.347.289.865.8
France17.177.4104.945.536.741.042.147.649.141.951.832.2
Japan13.816.511.218.114.711.363.930.539.145.952.448.8
Austria20.657.928.455.750.756.741.137.487.6137.4123.6107.5
Developing countries587.9633.8685.3618.8423.6411.7364.7520.2485.2375.1393.4366.7
Yugoslavia181.9499.8617.7494.4335.3334.3294.2347.1276.9180.9149.2174.0
China387.90.00.00.023.219.447.8123.1151.0130.7170.6111.6
Turkey8.673.034.224.30.94.77.82.23.84.36.99.4
Egypt0.011.47.43.210.214.31.126.237.631.634.337.9
Others9.549.526.196.854.239.013.721.615.927.632.433.8
Imports
Imports, c.i.f.3,728.73,616.93,390.94,026.03,527.83,257.33,175.92,665.82,649.83,217.43,792.03,796.6
CMEA countries988.41,907.51,506.51,860.41,976.71,781.91,889.71,408.81,400.31,633.11,698.41,556.0
Bulgaria89.4162.0139.4192.6180.2137.1142.7215.1210.7298.3277.3253.2
Romania119.2391.3337.2414.4397.7377.8400.5226.5250.3259.1265.1186.0
Czechoslovakia298.0472.3354.2408.1428.1445.3410.8328.5381.8362.1329.6323.8
Hungary99.4162.0183.0222.7228.8197.6251.5199.2150.4148.6129.0132.0
Poland139.0324.0204.2308.7371.5287.4301.2201.4168.0223.4230.1165.9
Former east Germany144.0274.3176.0196.1259.3218.1235.2157.5171.3236.3324.1370.9
Others99.4121.5112.4118.0111.1118.4148.080.667.8105.3143.2124.2
Industrial countries1,091.71,389.51,545.61,146.61,053.4899.2747.1707.71,011.11,593.31,701.9
Former west Germany108.1287.9311.2365.0230.5178.9143.8192.7178.3196.4354.0297.9
Italy167.3204.7251.3356.3240.6183.1124.2124.8143.5231.8330.9375.8
Greece38.3222.5122.5135.3108.6130.1202.0101.095.7157.4274.5209.1
France34.841.678.383.5136.0235.7118.146.555.046.265.999.5
Japan13.917.825.890.542.734.66.17.73.53.76.62.0
Austria55.792.0138.8109.888.893.768.665.868.782.3143.2225.5
Netherlands34.862.370.196.482.866.443.550.664.173.795.886.5
Developing countries617.7494.9620.0404.5421.9387.0509.9541.8573.2500.3538.7
Yugoslavia119.0471.9380.6539.0315.2341.2302.4364.5258.4136.5181.7186.4
China2,168.215.337.853.8105.9194.0281.4166.6236.5
Turkey80.253.14.22.81.83.64.48.819.638.954.1
Egypt8.920.931.47.15.947.358.245.344.4
Others56.840.245.464.141.227.029.233.377.567.817.3
Source: Ministry of Foreign Trade.
Source: Ministry of Foreign Trade.
Table A29.Exchange Rates1
196819691970197119721973197419751976197719781979198019811982198319841985198619871988198919901991
Average per period(In leks per U.S. dollar)
Official rate5.005.005.004.994.604.164.103.904.104.103.803.503.303.303.303.303.303.30
Commercial rate14.4014.4014.4014.3713.2511.9811.8111.2311.8111.8110.9410.089.508.588.588.588.588.588.008.008.008.008.0010.00
Noncommercial rate10.0010.0010.009.979.208.328.207.808.208.207.807.007.007.007.007.007.007.007.007.007.007.008.50210.00
15.00315.00
(In leks per ruble)
Official rate5.55555.55555.55555.55555.55555.55555.55555.55555.55555.55555.55555.55555.004.924.404.404.404.40
Commercial rate16161616161616161616161614.4011.4411.4411.4411.4411.448.008.008.008.008.008.00
Noncommercial rate28.4628.4628.4628.4628.4628.4628.4628.4628.4628.4628.4628.4628.4628.4628.46
End period(In leks per U.S. dollar)
Official rate5.005.005.004.604.604.104.103.904.104.103.803.503.303.303.303.303.303.30
Commercial rate14.414.414.413.2513.2511.8011.8011.2311.8011.8010.9510.109.508.588.588.588.588.588.008.008.008.0010.0010.00
Noncommercial rate10.0010.0010.0010.009.208.208.207.808.208.207.607.007.007.007.007.007.007.007.007.007.007.0010.00210.00
15.00315.00
(In leks per ruble)
Official rate5.55555.55555.55555.55555.55555.55555.55555.55555.55555.55555.55555.55555.004.404.404.404.404.40
Commercial rate16161616161615161616161614.4011.4411.4411.4411.4411.448.008.008.008.008.008.00
Noncommercial rate28.4628.4628.4628.4628.4628.4628.4628.4628.4628.4628.4628.4628.4628.4628.46

Official exchange rates were used for accounting and statistical purposes up to 1985 and commercial exchange rates were used thereafter. Before 1986, the commercial exchange rates were not announced but were calculated and known as the economic exchange rates. The economic/commercial exchange rates were calculated by relating the total value of exports in U.S. dollars (rubles) valued at domestic wholesale prices to their values expressed in U.S. dollars (rubles).

Rate changed to leks 10 on July 1.

Buying rate from residents established on August 1.

Official exchange rates were used for accounting and statistical purposes up to 1985 and commercial exchange rates were used thereafter. Before 1986, the commercial exchange rates were not announced but were calculated and known as the economic exchange rates. The economic/commercial exchange rates were calculated by relating the total value of exports in U.S. dollars (rubles) valued at domestic wholesale prices to their values expressed in U.S. dollars (rubles).

Rate changed to leks 10 on July 1.

Buying rate from residents established on August 1.

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