- Amor Tahari, M. Nowak, Michael Hadjimichael, and Robert Sharer
- Published Date:
- October 1996
© 1996 International Monetary Fund
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Adjustment for growth : the African experience / prepared by a staff of the African Department under the direction of Michael T. Hadjimichael… [et al.].—
p. cm.—(Occasional Paper ; no. 143)
Includes bibliographical references.(p.)
1. Africa, Sub-Saharan—Economic policy. 2. Ghana—Economic conditions—1979-. 3. Senegal—Economic conditions. 4. Uganda—Economic conditions—1979-. 5. Structural adjustment (Economic policy)—Africa, Sub-Saharan. 6. Structural adjustment (Economic policy)—Ghana. 7. Structural adjustment (Economic policy)—Senegal. 8. Structural adjustment (Economic policy)—Uganda. I. Hadjimichael, Michael T. II. International Monetary Fund. III. Series: Occasional paper (International Monetary Fund); no. 143.
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Michael T. Hadjimichael and Dhaneshwar Ghura
Michael Nowak, Rifaat Basanti, Balazs Horvath, Kalpana Kochhar, and Roohi Prem
Amor Tahari, Jules de Vrijer, and Manal Fouad
Robert Sharer and Calvin McDonald
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The following symbols have been used throughout this paper:
… to indicate that data are not available;
—to indicate that the figure is zero or less than half the final digit shown, or that the item does not exist;
- between years or months (e.g., 1991–92 or January-June) to indicate the years or months covered, including the beginning and ending years or months;
/ between years (e.g., 1991/92) to indicate a crop or fiscal (financial) year.
“Billion” means a thousand million.
Minor discrepancies between constituent figures and totals are due to rounding.
The term “country,” as used in this paper, does not in all cases refer to a territorial entity that is a state as understood by international law and practice; the term also covers some territorial entities that are not states, but for which statistical data are maintained and provided internationally on a separate and independent basis.