- International Monetary Fund
- Published Date:
- January 1990
© 1990 International Monetary Fund
International Standard Serial Number ISBN 9781451943818
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James M. Boughton and William H. Branson
Michael Artis and Tamim Bayoumi
The following symbols have been used throughout this paper:
… to indicate that data are not available;
— to indicate that the figure is zero or less than half the final digit shown, or that the item does not exist;
– between years or months (e.g., 1989–90 or January–June) to indicate the years or months covered, including the beginning and ending years or months;
/ between years (e.g., 1989/90) to indicate a crop or fiscal (financial) year.
“Billion” means a thousand million.
Minor discrepancies between constituent figures and totals are due to rounding.
The Staff Studies for the World Economic Outlook were prepared as background documents to the analysis and scenarios in the World Economic Outlook exercise carried out by the Fund’s Research Department. They have benefited from comments by staff colleagues throughout the Fund as well as by the Fund’s Executive Directors. The views expressed remain the responsibility of the individual authors.
It should by noted that the term “country” used in this report does not in all cases refer to a territorial entity that is a state as understood by international law and practice. The term also covers some territorial entities that are not states but for which statistical data are maintained and provided internationally on a separate and independent basis.