- International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.
- Published Date:
- January 2001
© 2009 International Monetary Fund
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Barry Eichengreen and Nathan Sussman
Ronald MacDonald and Phillip Swagel
The following symbols have been used throughout this volume:
… to indicate that data are not available;
— to indicate that the figure is zero or less than half the final digit shown, or that the item does not exist;
– between years or months (for example, 1997–98 or January–June) to indicate the years or months covered, including the beginning and ending years or months;
/ between years (for example, 1998/99) to indicate a fiscal or financial year.
“Billion” means a thousand million; “trillion” means a thousand billion.
“Basis points” refer to hundredths of 1 percentage point (for example, 25 basis points are equivalent to ¼ of 1 percentage point).
“n.a.” means not applicable.
Minor discrepancies between constituent figures and totals are due to rounding.
As used in this volume the term “country” does not in all cases refer to a territorial entity that is a state as understood by international law and practice. As used here, the term also covers some territorial entities that are not states but for which statistical data are maintained on a separate and independent basis.
Supporting Studies for the World Economic Outlook contains background analyses for the World Economic Outlook exercise carried out by staff in the IMF’s Research Department and by visiting scholars. The May 2000 World Economic Outlook editions for which these papers were prepared were directed by Flemming Larsen, former Deputy Director of the Research Department, together with Graham Hacche and Tamim Bayoumi, former and current Chiefs of the World Economic Studies Division.
The papers have benefited from comments by colleagues throughout the IMF and, in some cases, by the IMF’s Executive Directors. However, the views presented in the papers are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as representing the views of the International Monetary Fund. The authors would like to thank Gretchen Byrne and Toh Kuan for research assistance and Lisa Nugent, Marlene George, Patricia Medina, and Jemille Tumang for word processing. James McEuen and Jeanette Morrison of the External Relations Department edited the manuscripts and coordinated production of the publication.