Current Developments in Monetary and Financial Law, Vol. 3
Back Matter

Back Matter

International Monetary Fund
Published Date:
April 2005
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Biographical Sketches

David Altig is a vice president and associate director of research in the Research Department of the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland. His published research focuses on monetary and fiscal policy issues, and he has served as editor for several conference volumes on a wide range of topics in macro and monetary economics. Before joining the Bank in January 1991, Dr. Altig was a faculty member in the department of business economics and public policy at Indiana University. He is currently an adjunct associate professor of economics in the Graduate School of Business at the University of Chicago. He has also lectured in economics at Brown University, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland State University, Duke University, John Carroll University, Kent State University, and the University of Iowa. Dr. Altig graduated from the University of Iowa with a bachelor’s degree in business administration. He earned master’s and doctoral degrees in economics from Brown University.

Tobias M.C. Asser received his law degree from Leyden University, the Netherlands, and his Ph.D. in private international law from Cambridge University, England. Before he joined the Legal Department of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank) in 1968, he was a practicing attorney in Amsterdam. Among the positions in which he served at the World Bank were those of Assistant General Counsel, Operations, as well as Assistant General Counsel, Finance. In 1987, Mr. Asser transferred from the World Bank to the International Monetary Fund, where he served as Assistant General Counsel until his retirement in 1999. Since 1985, Mr. Asser has been Adjunct Professor of Law at the Georgetown University Law Center in Washington, D.C., where he teaches international finance and private international law.

John V. Austin received his undergraduate degree from Harvard College and his law degree from Georgetown University Law Center. In 1967 he joined the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department that regulates national banks; his work there involved general bank regulatory activities, bank mergers, enforcement activities, and litigation concerning the agency’s activities. In 1972 he entered the private practice of law, and as a partner in a Washington, D.C., law firm, he represented financial institutions from many parts of the United States in mergers and acquisitions, new product development, cross-industry acquisitions, enforcement matters, resolution of failing institutions (including the rehabilitation and sale of thrifts during the savings and loan association crisis of the 1980s), deposit insurance issues, participation in non-banking activities, issues relating to fiduciary activities, and other matters. Since retiring from the practice of law in July 2000, he has worked as an international consultant on legal issues involving financial institutions in Europe, Central and South America, and the Pacific region.

Roy C. Baban, formerly Senior Counsel in the Legal Department of the International Monetary Fund, received the degrees of J.D. and LL.M.(Taxation) from Georgetown University Law Center, M.P.A. from Harvard University, and Ph.D.(Econ.) from the University of Manchester (U.K.). He has served as an adjunct faculty member for international banking at the George Washington Law School and on the law of international financial institutions at the Summer Law Institute of the colleges of law of Case Western, Cleveland State, and St. Petersburg State Universities. He has conducted workshops on monetary and financial law for the Southeast Asian Central Banks (SEACEN) Research and Training Centre. Mr. Baban is a consultant, particularly on IMF legal matters, banking, and exchange control.

Fletcher N. Baldwin, Jr. is Professor of Law at the University of Florida, where he specializes in constitutional law, political and civil rights, criminal procedure, and international financial crime. Mr. Baldwin has argued appeals before the U.S. Supreme Court and the Florida Supreme Court. He is an Honorary Fellow, Institute for Advanced Legal Studies, University of London; a member of the Florida Bar; and serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Financial Crime. Mr. Baldwin attended the University of Georgia, where he obtained his B.A. and J.D. degrees. He later obtained LL.M. degrees from the University of Illinois and Yale University.

Kai Barvell joined the International Monetary Fund in June 2000. Prior to this, he had been with the Central Bank of Sweden since 1968, where, until 1989, he was involved in foreign exchange market and foreign exchange reserve issues. In 1989 he was appointed Deputy Head of the Monetary and Exchange Rate Policy Department, and became a member of the central bank’s monetary policy group. He was appointed Director and Head of the Accounting Department in 1993 and was the following year appointed Director and Head of the Payment Systems Department. Mr. Barvell has been a member of the Basel-based Committee on Payment and Settlement Systems and a member of the task force that developed the Core Principles for Systemically Important Payment Systems. He has been a member of the European Monetary Institute/European Central Bank working group on payment systems that developed the European payment system, TARGET, and a member of the Board of the Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority.

Andrew Campbell teaches law at the University of Leeds in the United Kingdom. He specializes in Banking Law and Corporate Insolvency Law, and he has researched and written widely on these subjects. He is Consulting Counsel to the International Monetary Fund in Washington, D.C., and is a lawyer with Margarves, Solicitors in Wales in the United Kingdom. He is a member of the editorial boards of Journal of International Banking Regulation and the Journal of Money Laundering Control. He is co-author, with Peter Cartwright, of Banks in Crisis: the Legal Response and is a contributor to Butterworths Annotated Guide to the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000. In addition, he has written extensively on issues relating to financial services and corporate law. Prior to becoming a lawyer he worked in banking for a number of years.

Thanos Catsambas is an economist with the International Monetary Fund who has worked extensively on the design, negotiation, implementation, and evaluation of stabilization and structural adjustment programs with the IMF and the World Bank for middle-income and developing countries. His recent work has focused on the assessment of safeguards at central banks that ensure the integrity of central bank operations. He has taught macroeconomics and public finance at Yale University and Boston University. His earlier positions include Assistant Professor of Economics at Boston University, Advisor to the Governor of the Central Bank of Greece, and Economic Counselor of Alpha Bank, Athens, Greece. Since May 2004 he has been Assistant Director in the Finance Department, IMF. Dr. Catsambas is a summa cum laude and Phi Beta Kappa graduate of Yale College. He also holds M.A., M.Phil., and Ph.D. degrees from Yale University.

Pascale De Boeck received a licence degree in law from the University of Brussels in 1984, followed by a J.D. from Stetson University in 1986. She held associate positions with Carlton, Fields, Ward, Emmanuel & Cutler and later with Oppenheimer, Wolff & Donnelly. She joined the Legal Department of the International Monetary Fund in 1991 as Counsel. During 1998–2000, she served with the World Bank before returning to the IMF as Senior Counsel.

Ross S. Delston is a legal practitioner in Washington, D.C., specializing in banking law. He is also a legal consultant to the IMF and the World Bank on bank regulatory, insolvency, and deposit insurance issues. From 1991 to 1994, Mr. Delston was Of Counsel to the law firm of Jones, Day, Reavis & Pogue, where he specialized in bank mergers and acquisitions. From 1986 to 1991, Mr. Delston was an attorney with the FDIC. From 1976 to 1986, Mr. Delston was an attorney specializing in trade finance with the U.S. Export-Import Bank. He is the author of “Statutory Protections for Banking Supervisors,” a 1999 survey of the laws of 20 countries. Mr. Delston received his B.A. (with special honors) in 1973 and his J.D. (with honors) in 1976 from The George Washington University and its law school.

Philippe Dupont is a partner and co-head of the Financial Services Practice of the law firm Arendt Medernach. He specializes in banking and finance and has considerable experience in regulatory and private banking matters, capital markets, and securitization transactions. He has been a member of the Luxembourg Bar since 1986 and is a member of three legal advisory committees with the Commission de Surveillance du Secteur Financier, the regulatory authority of the financial sector in Luxembourg. He is also a member of the restricted Study Group of Unidroit on harmonized substantive rules regarding securities held with an intermediary and was the Luxembourg expert at the Hague Convention on the law applicable to certain rights with respect to securities held with an intermediary. Mr. Dupont holds a master’s degree in law from the Université Paris II Assas (France) and an LL.M. from the London School of Economics and Political Sciences (U.K.).

Louis Forget acted as counsel, senior counsel, and later as legal advisor in the Legal Department of the World Bank during the period 1972–2000. From 2001 to 2004, he served as consultant to the IMF Legal Department, including, in 2003 and 2004, as a member of the Legal Department’s anti-money-laundering and combatting the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT) group. In this capacity, he was responsible for the IMF publications Suppressing the Financing of Terrorism, A Handbook for Legislative Drafting (2003) and Financial Intelligence Units, An Overview (2004). Mr. Forget has participated in numerous training activities, particularly at the International Development Law Organization, as well as the Joint Vienna Institute. Mr. Forget received degrees in law from the University of Montreal (LL.L), the University of Michigan (LL.M.), and the University of Paris II (Docteur en droit).

Benjamin Geva is a Professor of Law at Osgoode Hall Law School in Toronto. He specializes in commercial, financial, and banking law, particularly in payment and credit instruments, electronic banking, and the regulation of the payment system. He obtained his LL.B. (cum laude) from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (1970) and his LL.M. and S.J.D. from Harvard. He practiced in Israel and Canada and held visiting positions at various universities in the United States, Israel, Australia, and France. Under the IMF technical assistance program, he has advised authorities in several countries on payment and banking law matters. Professor Geva is the founding editor-in-chief of the Banking and Finance Law Review and the author of several books on payment instruments and electronic funds transfers published in Canada, the United States, and the United Kingdom. He has been involved in law reform projects in Canada on secured transactions, the transfer of securities, and electronic funds transfers.

François Gianviti studied at the Sorbonne, the Paris School of Law, and New York University. He obtained a licence ès lettres from the Sorbonne in 1959, a licence en droit from the Paris School of Law in 1960, a diplôme d’études supérieures de droit pénal et science criminelle in 1961, a diplôme d’études supérieures de droit privé in 1962, and a doctorat d’Etat en droit in 1967. From 1967 to 1969, he was a Lecturer in Law, first at the Nancy School of Law and subsequently at the Caen School of Law. In 1969, Mr. Gianviti obtained the agrégation de droit privé et science criminelle of French universities and was appointed Professor of Law at the University of Besançon. From 1970 through 1974, he was seconded to the Legal Department of the International Monetary Fund, where he served as Counsellor and, subsequently, as Senior Counsellor. In 1974, he became Professor of Law at the University of Paris XII, where he taught civil and commercial law, banking and monetary law, and private international law. He served as Dean of its School of Law from 1979 through 1985. In 1986, Mr. Gianviti became Director of the Legal Department and, in 1987, General Counsel of the International Monetary Fund. He is a member of the Committee on International Monetary Law of the International Law Association and has published books on property and many articles on aspects of French and international law.

William E. Holder received his LL.B. and his B.A. from the University of Melbourne. He subsequently earned an LL.M. from Yale University and a Diploma from the Hague Academy of International Law. He has served as a Tutor in Law at the University of Melbourne, a Professor of Law at the University of Mississippi, a Reader in Law at the Australian National University, and an advisor on international law for the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs. Mr. Holder joined the International Monetary Fund in 1976 and has served as Deputy General Counsel since 1986. He is coeditor of The International Legal System: Cases and Materials with Emphasis on the Australian Perspective (Butterworths, 1972) and is the author of many articles on international law subjects.

Eva Hüpkes is Head of the Division for Regulatory and Policy Issues within the Legal Department of the Swiss Federal Banking Commission. Ms. Hüpkes has worked on various regulatory projects in the area of banking supervision, including the new legal framework for bank reorganization and liquidation and the deposit protection system. Prior to joining the Swiss Federal Banking Commission in 1999, Ms. Hüpkes worked in the Legal Department of the International Monetary Fund in Washington, D.C. She is a member of the New York Bar and holds degrees from the University of Passau, Germany, the University of Geneva, the Graduate Institute of International Studies, Geneva, and Georgetown University, as well as a Doctorate in Law from the University of Bern, Switzerland. Ms. Hüpkes also serves as consultant to the IMF on technical assistance projects related to regulatory matters. She speaks frequently at international conferences and academic institutions and is the author of several articles on topics related to banking regulation.

Muharem Kianieff is currently a D. Jur. candidate at Osgoode Hall Law School of York University in Toronto, Canada. He is currently writing his dissertation on consumer electronic payments, with an emphasis on electronic commerce. He holds an LL.B. from Osgoode Hall and a B.A. (Hons.) in Politics and Economics from Trent University in Peterborough, Canada.

Anne O. Krueger has been the First Deputy Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund since September 1, 2001. Before coming to the IMF, Ms. Krueger was the Herald L. and Caroline L. Ritch Professor in Humanities and Sciences in the Department of Economics at Stanford University. She was also the founding Director of Stanford’s Center for Research on Economic Development and Policy Reform, and a Senior Fellow of the Hoover Institution. Ms. Krueger had previously taught at the University of Minnesota and Duke University and, from 1982 to 1986, was the World Bank’s Vice President for Economics and Research. She received her undergraduate degree from Oberlin College and her Ph.D. in economics from the University of Wisconsin. Ms. Krueger is a Distinguished Fellow and past President of the American Economic Association, a member of the National Academy of Sciences, and a Research Associate with the National Bureau of Economic Research.

Nadim Kyriakos-Saad is Senior Counsel in the Legal Department at the International Monetary Fund and deputy head of the AML/CFT Group. Mr. Kyriakos-Saad specializes in AML/CFT issues. He has carried out a number of country assessments and technical assistance missions in Asia, Africa, Europe, the Middle East, and the Western Hemisphere. Mr. Kyriakos-Saad graduated in private law and public law as well as in political science from Saint-Joseph University in Beirut and also received an LL.M. in international business law and corporate law from Columbia University in New York. He practiced law from 1988 to 1992 at the Bahige Tabbarah Law Offices in Beirut and from 1993 to 1998 at Baker & McKenzie in Riyadh. He joined the International Monetary Fund’s Legal Department in 1998.

Thomas Laryea is Senior Counsel in the Legal Department of the International Monetary Fund. Mr. Laryea received his legal education in England at the University of Essex (Bachelor of Laws, 1991), the College of Law, York (Solicitor’s Professional Course, 1992), and in the United States at the University of Pennsylvania (Master of Laws, 1993, and Doctor of Juridical Science, 1994). Mr. Laryea’s doctoral thesis is on international civil procedure. Prior to joining the IMF legal department in September 2000, Mr. Laryea was in private practice with the law firm Sullivan & Cromwell in New York (1994–1997) and then in London (1997–2000). Mr. Laryea taught European Union Law at the University of London (1998–1999). At the IMF, Mr. Laryea’s interests include sovereign debt restructuring and litigation and corporate insolvency.

Ross Leckow is Senior Counsel in the Legal Department of the International Monetary Fund. Mr. Leckow holds a B.A. (Honors) from the University of Winnipeg, an LL.B. from the University of Manitoba, and an LL.M. from York University (Canada). Previously, he served as Legal Counsel in the Legal Services Division and as Treasury Officer in the Corporate Finance Department of the Export Development Corporation of Canada.

Yan Liu is Counsel in the Legal Department of the International Monetary Fund. Ms. Liu received her legal education in China at the Beijing University and in the United States at the University of Illinois (J.D., 1994). She also received an M.A. in international history at the University of Chicago. Prior to joining the IMF Legal Department in May 1999, Ms. Liu was in private practice, first in the Washington office of Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson (1994–97) and subsequently in the Washington office of Milbank, Tweed, Hadley & McClow (1997–99), specializing in corporate and securities law.

Åke Lönnberg is Deputy Division Chief of the Financial Infrastructure Division at the Monetary and Exchange Affairs Department of the International Monetary Fund. A graduate of the Stockholm University and the Stockholm School of Economics, Mr. Lönnberg has worked in the Ministry of Finance and the central bank of Sweden and has 10 years of experience in the commercial banking sector. Since 1999, Mr Lönnberg has specialized in monetary and financial issues relating to post-conflict economies and has worked with or led missions to Afghanistan, Kosovo, Iraq, Liberia, Nepal, and Timor-Leste.

Paul Mallon is a barrister and a founding member of Bolero, where he serves as a member of its execeutive management team. Bolero was originally created as a neutral, trusted third party to develop a comprehensive set of standards that would remove the barriers to global, cross-enterprise business. Mr. Mallon is the architect of the Bolero Rulebook and Bolero’s legal structures. He also acts as General Counsel and Company Secretary. Prior to joining Bolero, he was General Counsel and Company Secretary of TT Club, which is a leading global insurer of marine liability risks for ship owners, logistics providers, ports, and terminal operators.

Carol Mates is Principal Counsel with the International Finance Corporation (IFC), the private-sector affiliate of the World Bank. At the IFC, she specializes in project finance and particularly the financing of private infrastructure projects, where her work has entailed syndication of loans with banks in Asia, Europe, and the United States, as well as cofinancing arrangements with bilateral and other multilateral development agencies and local development banks. She obtained her A.B. from Barnard College and J.D. from Columbia Law School.

Ed Nosal is a senior economic advisor in the Research Department of the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland. His current research interests are in the area of monetary theory and his research has appeared in journals such as the RAND Journal of Economics, the Review of Economics Studies, and the Journal of Finance. Before joining the Federal Reserve Bank in 2000, Dr. Nosal was an economics professor at the University of Waterloo in Ontario, Canada. He has also taught at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada, the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia, the National University of Singapore, and the University of Exeter in the United Kingdom. Dr. Nosal received his Ph.D. in economics from Queen’s University in Canada.

C. Christopher Parlin is a partner in the International Trade and Government Affairs Groups in the Washington, D.C., office of the law firm Loeffler, Jonas & Tuggey LLP. His practice focuses on the World Trade Organization (WTO) trade agreements and the North American Free Trade Agreement and includes representation in negotiations and dispute settlement under these agreements. During 18 years of government service, Mr. Parlin held many positions at the Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR), including Legal Advisor to the USTR Mission to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in Geneva, Switzerland, during the Uruguay Round. He represented the United States in GATT dispute settlement proceedings, was principal negotiator for the United States on dispute settlement and subsidies and countervailing measures, and was a key advisor in the negotiations on antidumping and the WTO institutional agreement. Mr. Parlin is also an Adjunct Professor at the Georgetown University Law Center, where he teaches courses on the WTO.

Joan S. Powers is Assistant General Counsel in the Legal Department of the International Monetary Fund and is responsible for administrative legal matters. She has been with the Legal Department of the IMF since 1984 and was previously an associate with the law firm of Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering (Washington, D.C., and London). She received her A.B. from Brown University (History) and her J.D. from the University of Pennsylvania Law School. She is a member of the District of Columbia Bar.

Deborah E. Siegel graduated from Tufts University and received a J.D. from the George Washington University Law School and an M.A. in international affairs from New York University. She joined the IMF Legal Department in June 1993 and is currently Senior Counsel. Previously, Ms. Siegel worked for the Washington, D.C., office of the law firm Weil, Gotshal and Manges, focusing on international trade issues covering litigation and policy matters. Before joining that firm, she worked for the Washington office of Geary, Gottlieb, Steen & Hamilton, where her work involved a range of international and financial matters.

Pierre L. Siklos is Professor of Economics at Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, and Associate Director of its Viessmann Centre for the Study of Modern Europe. He is the author of several books, including one on the Hungarian hyperinflation of 1945–46, The Changing Face of Central Banking, and Deflation, coedited with Richard Burdekin, and the leading textbook on money and banking in Canada. He has also published numerous articles in leading publications such as the Journal of Econometrics; Journal of Money, Credit and Banking; Journal of Business and Economic Statistics; Journal of International Money and Finance; and Economic Inquiry to name a few. Professor Siklos has served as a visiting professor at Oxford and the University of California, San Diego, and as an Erskine Fellow at the University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand. In 2000–2001 he was Wilfrid Laurier University’s University Research Professor.

Thomas J. Smedinghoff is a partner with the law firm of Baker & McKenzie and North American Coordinator of the firm’s Electronic Commerce Law Practice. He was chair of the Illinois Commission on Electronic Commerce and Crime and is the author of the Illinois Electronic Commerce Security Act, 5 I11. Comp. Stat. 175. He was the 1999–2000 chair of the American Bar Association (ABA) Section of Science & Technology Law, and is the current chair of the ABA Electronic Commerce Division. He is a member of the U.S. Delegation to the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law, through which he participates in its Working Group on Electronic Commerce, which is drafting international electronic commerce legislation, and is the editor and primary author of a book on electronic commerce titled Online Law (1996).

Robert Sparve served as a central bank lawyer with the Sveriges Riksbank (the Swedish Central Bank) from 1973 to 2003 and, during the period 1999–2003, as General Counsel of the Riksbank. He was also a member of the G-10 Legal Experts’ Group (and of its successor) at the Bank for International Settlements (1999–2003). Mr. Sparve was a member of the Working Group of Legal Experts of the European Central Bank (ECB) (1995–1998) and the Legal Committee of the ECB (1999–2002). Mr. Sparve served as consultant to the IMF on missions in 1992–1993, at various times during 2000–2004, and to the IMF Legal Department in 2002–2003.

J. James Spinner was appointed General Counsel of the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB) on January 1, 2000. Prior to his appointment, Mr. Spinner served as Deputy General Counsel, from 1993 to 1999. Mr. Spinner’s extensive career in the IADB’s Legal Department included assignments as an attorney in the Operational Division, working with Central America; the Institutional Office, working on IADB procurement of goods and services, tax matters, and issues related to the IADB’s privileges and immunities; and the Financial Office, working on the issuance of securities in capital markets around the world in which the institution borrows, financial operations, and periodic capital increases. Before joining the Bank, Mr. Spinner practiced law in Washington, D.C. He grew up in Barranquilla, Colombia, and speaks English, Spanish, German, and French. He holds a J.D. from the Georgetown University Law Center and a Bachelor of Arts degree in History, with highest honors, from Lehigh University.

Marc I. Steinberg is the Rupert and Lillian Radford Professor of Law at Southern Methodist University (SMU). He is the Director of SMU’s Corporate Directors’ Institute and is the former Senior Associate Dean for Academics at the SMU Dedman School of Law. Professor Steinberg also is Visiting Professorial Fellow, Centre for Commercial Law Studies, at the University of London. His experience includes appointments as a visiting Professor, Scholar, and Fellow at law schools outside the United States. He received his undergraduate degree from the University of Michigan and his law degrees from the University of California, Los Angeles (J.D.), and Yale University (LL.M.). Professor Steinberg was an enforcement attorney at the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and thereafter became special projects counsel, directly assisting the SEC’s General Counsel with a wide variety of projects and cases and serving as the General Counsel’s confidential legal advisor. He has authored more than 100 law review articles as well as 14 books, is editor-in-chief of The International Lawyer as well as the Securities Regulation Law Journal, and serves on the advisory board of Law and Business Review of the Americas and the Journal of Corporation Law. Professor Steinberg is a member of the American Law Institute.

Kenneth Sullivan is a Senior Financial Sector Expert with the International Monetary Fund. Previously, he spent seven years at the Reserve Bank of New Zealand as Chief Manager of both Accounting and Corporate Services. His involvement with the IMF stretches back to 1993, during which time he served as accounting expert on missions, providing accounting technical assistance to central banks in Europe, Asia, and South America; organized and presented at central bank accounting workshops; and participated in Financial Sector Assessment Program and safeguard assessment missions. He has written about central bank financial reporting and capital issues and is a member of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of New Zealand.

Jean-François Thony is Assistant General Counsel at the International Monetary Fund. Mr. Thony served in the French Judiciary as Examining Judge (juge d’instruction), Deputy Prosecutor (substitut du procureur), and Chief Prosecutor (procureur de la République) before joining the United Nations International Drug Control Programme in early 1991 as Senior Legal Adviser and later Programme Manager of the UN Global Program against Money Laundering. In July 2000, he was appointed as Judge, Court of Appeal of Versailles (France). He joined the International Monetary Fund in July 2002 to serve as Assistant General Counsel in charge of AML/CFT issues. He has published several studies and research papers on money laundering.

Joseph B. Tompkins, Jr., is a partner in the Washington, D.C., office of Sidley, Austin, Brown & Wood LLP. Mr. Tompkins served with the Criminal Division of the U.S. Department of Justice from 1979–82, where he served as Deputy Chief of the Fraud Section from 1980–82. He also served as Chairman of the American Bar Association Task Force on Computer Crime. Mr. Tompkins’ practice includes a variety of civil and white-collar criminal litigation matters. Mr. Tompkins has also represented corporate and individual clients in international law enforcement matters, including customs and money-laundering proceedings and economic sanctions and Foreign Corrupt Practices Act investigations. Mr. Tompkins is a graduate of Harvard Law School (J.D.), the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard (M.P.P.), and Washington & Lee University (B.A.). He is admitted to practice in the U.S. Supreme Court, most U.S. Circuit Courts of Appeal, the U.S. Court of International Trade, the Commonwealth of Virginia, and the District of Columbia.

Ko-Yung Tung served as the Vice President and General Counsel of the World Bank (1999–2003) and the Secretary-General of the International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) (2000–2003). After his service at the World Bank and ICSID, he returned to the law firm O’Melveny & Myers LLP, where he practices general international law. In addition to his practice, Mr. Tung continues to act as the Chairman of the World Bank International Advisory Council on Law and Justice and serves on the boards of Transparency International (U.S.), Human Rights Watch/Asia, the International Development Law Organization, the London Forum of International Economic Law and Development of the University of London, the Morin Center for Banking and Financial Law of Boston University, and the Asian-American Legal Defense and Education Fund. He has taught international law at New York University School of Law and was a Research Fellow at the Law Faculty of Tokyo University. He received his B. A. and J.D. degrees from Harvard University.

Thomas D. Willett is Horton Professor of Economics at Claremont Graduate University and Claremont McKenna College, and Director of the Claremont Institute for Economic Policy Studies. He has also taught at Cornell and Harvard Universities and served as Deputy Assistant Secretary of the U.S. Treasury for International Research. He has written widely in the areas of political economy and international money and finance.

Arthur E. Wilmarth, Jr., is a Professor of Law at George Washington University in Washington, D.C. He received his B.A. degree from Yale University and his J.D. degree from Harvard University. He has written numerous articles on banking law and regulation and he is the coauthor of a book on corporate law. Before joining GWU’s law faculty in 1986, he was a partner in the Washington, D.C, office of Jones, Day, Reavis & Pogue. He has appeared as counsel in leading banking cases in the U.S. Supreme Court and other federal courts. He has testified on issues involving bank regulation before committees of the U.S. Congress and the California legislature. He is a member of the International Editorial Board of the Journal of International Banking Regulation.

John F. Wilson received a B.A. from Williams College in 1964 and a Ph.D. in International Economics from the University of Pennsylvania in 1974. He was with the Federal Reserve Board from 1973 through 1989, serving as Chief of the Flow of Funds Section in the Research Division from 1985 to 1989. Between 1990 and mid-1992, he was Chief of the Technical Staff for the IMF’s study on the Measurement of International Capital Flows, following which he served as a Senior Economist in the Fund’s Middle Eastern Department (now Middle East and Central Asia), working on Sudan, Yemen, and the Gulf Cooperation Council countries. From late 1996 through 1999, he was Research Adviser to the Economics Directorate of the Bahrain Monetary Agency. Mr. Wilson has published on a number of topics, including flow of funds, social accounting, balance of payments, and topics related to the economies of Middle Eastern countries. He is coauthor of the IMF’s study on hawala and informal remittance systems, which was published in September 2003, and has given workshops on this topic in London and elsewhere.

John D. Wright is Assistant General Counsel for Regulation and Technology at Wells Fargo & Company in San Francisco, with responsibility for banking, insurance, and securities regulatory matters, as well as technology and intellectual property law. He was previously Senior Counsel in the retail banking section of the Wells Fargo Legal Department, with responsibility for deposit operations, consumer credit, and electronic banking matters. Before joining Wells Fargo in 1988, he was senior regulatory counsel at Crocker National Bank in San Francisco and practiced at the Brobeck, Phleger & Harrison and Graham & James law firms. He was recently co-chair of the Legal and Public Policy Committee of the Smart Card Forum. He is a member of the California Bar. He has a law degree from Yale Law School and an undergraduate degree from Stanford University.

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