- Norman Humphreys
- Published Date:
- June 2000
|Purchases by facility (GRA)1|
|ESAF Trust resources||594||568||1,292||705||973|
|Repurchases and Repayments|
|SAF/ESAF & Trust|
|Outstanding IMF Credit|
|Change in outstanding credit (%)|
|Number of indebted countries|
|Afghanistan, Islamic State of||161.9||0.076|
|Antigua and Barbuda||13.5||0.006|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||169.1||0.080|
|Central African Republic||55.7||0.026|
|Congo, Dem. Rep. of||533.0||0.251|
|Congo, Republic of||84.6||0.040|
|Iran, Islamic Republic of||1,497.2||0.706|
|Lao People’s Democratic Republic||52.9||0.025|
|Micronesia, Federal States of||5.1||0.002|
|Palau, Republic of||3.1||0.003|
|Papua New Guniea||131.6||0.062|
|São Tomé and Principe||7.4||0.003|
|St. Kitts and Nevis||8.9||0.004|
|St. Vincent and the Grenadines||8.3||0.004|
|Syrian Arab Republic||293.6||0.138|
|Trinidad and Tobago||335.6||0.158|
|United Arab Emirates||611.7||0.288|
|Yemen, Republic of||243.5||0.115|
|Yugoslavia, Fed. Rep of||467.7||0.221|
|Number of Arrangements||SDRs|
|Arrangemment Dates||Amounts Approved||Undrawn Balances|
|Member||Effective date||Expiration date||Through 4/30/98||As of 4/30/98|
|Congo, Rep. of||6/28/96||6/27/99||69||56|
|Member||Effective Date||Expiration Date||Undrawn Balance|
The following bibliography lists selective publications on the history and evolution of the International Monetary Fund. The Fund itself periodically published, from 1951 through 1985, comprehensive bibliographies in various issues of its quarterly economic journal, Staff Papers. Many of these bibliographies were compiled by Anne C. M. Salda, who on her retirement from the Joint Fund-Bank Library compiled an extensive and annotated bibliography, International Monetary Fund, which references publications on the Fund since its inception (see under General Bibliography).
The first section of this bibliography lists publications issued by the Fund. The second section concentrates on citing substantive material published outside the Fund dealing with its work and related matters. No attempt has been made to cover the many serious and interesting articles that have appeared in newspapers and news magazines.
The Fund’s public web site was opened in September 1996 at the address http://www.imf.org. From the the home-page menu, hyperlinks lead to various submenus, including a catalogue of publications. A number of publications are also available in full text on the web site.
The Fund issues annually a catalog of available publications.
Publications Issued by the Fund
Reports and Documents
Agreement Between the United Nations and the International Monetary Fund, 1956.
Annual Report of the Executive Board, 1946to date. Published also in French, German, and Spanish.
Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions, 1979to date.
Articles of Agreement of the International Monetary Fund, Original Articles in 1946; as modified by the first amendment to the Articles, 1968; as modified by the second amendment to the Articles, 1978; and as modified by the third amendment to the Articles, 1992. Also in Arabic, French, Russian, and Spanish.
Establishment of a Facility Based on Special Drawing Rights in the International Monetary Fund and Modifications in the Rules and Practices of the Fund: A Report by the Executive Directors to the Board of Governors Proposing Amendment of the Articles of Agreement, 1968.
International Monetary Reform: Documents of the Committee of Twenty, 1974.
Proposed Third Amendment of the Articles of Agreement: A Report to the Board of Governors of the International Monetary Fund Containing the Managing Director’s Proposal on the Allocation of Special Drawing Rights for the First Basic Period, 1969. Also in French and Spanish.
Selected Decisions of the International Monetary Fund and Selected Documents, irregular, 1st issue 1962, 23rd issue, 1998.
Adjustment and Financing in the Developing World: The Role of the International Monetary Fund, papers presented at a seminar sponsored by the IMF and the Overseas Development Institute, London, England, edited byTonyKillick,1982.
Adjustment, Conditionality, and International Financing, papers presented at a seminar in Viña del Mar, Chile, sponsored by the Central Bank of Chile, the Frederico Santa Maria University, and the IMF, edited byJoaquínMuns,1983.
Adjustment Policies and Development Strategies in the Arab World, papers presented at a seminar in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, at a seminar sponsored by the Arab Monetary Fund and the IMF, edited bySaidEl-Naggar,1987.
Africa and the International Monetary Fund, papers presented at a symposium sponsored by the Association of African Central Banks and the IMF, edited byG. K.Helleiner,1987.
Analytical Issues in Debt, by Jacob A.Frenkel, Michael P.Dooley, and PeterWickham,1989.
Approaches to Exchange Rate Policy, papers presented at a seminar on exchange rate policy in developing and transitional economies held by the IMF Institute, edited byRichardBarth and Chorng-HueyWong,1994.
Balance of Payments Adjustment, 1945 to 1986: The IMF Experience, by MargaretGarritsen de Vries,1987.
Balance of Payments Compilation Guide, a companion document to the fifth edition of the Balance of Payments Manual, 1995.
Balance of Payments Manual, the fifth edition of this manual, revised and updated, 1993.
Balance of Payments Textbook, a companion document to the Balance of Payments Manual, 1996.
Bank Soundness and Macroeconomic Policy, by Carl-JohanLindgren, GillianGarcia, and Matthew I.Saal,1996.
Banking Crises: Cases and Issues, edited byV.Sundarajan and Thomas J. T.Baliño,1991.
Beyond Adjustment: The Asian Experience, edited byPaulStreeten,1988.
Building Sound Finance in Emerging Market Economies, edited byGerardCaprio, DavidFolkerts-Landau, and Timothy D.Lane,1994.
Central and Eastern Europe: Roads to Growth, papers presented at a seminar moderated by GeorgeWinckler,organized by the IMF and the Austrian National Bank, 1992.
Central Banking Technical Assistance to Countries in Transition, proceedings of a joint meeting of central banking technical assistance held in St. Petersburg, Russia, in 1994, edited byJ. B.Zulu, Ian S.McCarthy, SusanAlmuiña, and GabrielSensenbrenner,1994.
Central Bank Reform in Transition Economies, contains the background papers prepared for the second coordinating meeting of 23 participating central banks of the Baltic States and the Commonwealth of Independent States, edited byV.Sundarajan, Arne B.Petersen, and GabrielSensenbrenner,1997.
Choosing an Exchange Rate Regime: The Challenge for Smaller Industrial Countries, edited byVictorArgy and Paul deGrauwe,1990.
Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey Guide, a guide for balance of payments compilers in conducting an internationally coordinated survey of security holdings conducted under the auspices of the IMF, 1996.
Coordinating Public Debt and Monetary Management: Institutional and Operational Arrangements, edited byV.Sundarajan, PeterDattels, and HansBlommestein,1997.
Coordinating Stabilization and Structural Reform, papers presented in an IMF Institute seminar covering four case studies—China, Poland, Argentina, and The Gambia, edited byRichard C.Barth, Alan R.Roe, and Chorng-HueyWong,1994.
Current Legal Issues Affecting Central Banks, Vols. I, II, III, and IV, papers presented at four biennial seminars sponsored by the IMF for central banks, edited byRobert C.Effros,1992, 1994, 1995, and 1997.
Deepening Structural Reform in Africa: Lessons from East Asia, the proceedings of a seminar involving policymakers and senior government officials from Africa and East Asia and senior staff of international organizations, edited byLauraWallace,1997.
Debt Stocks, Debt Flows and the Balance of Payments, prepared jointly by the BIS, IMF, OECD, and World Bank, 1994.
Economic Adjustment: Policies and Problems, the proceedings of a seminar held in Wellington, New Zealand, concentrating on economic adjustment problems in the South Pacific, edited bySir FrankHolmes,1987.
Economic Policy Coordination, the proceedings of a seminar held in Hamburg, Germany, moderated byWilfredGuth,1988.
Emerging Financial Centers: Legal and Institutional Framework, edited byRobert C.Effros,1982.
Economic Adjustment: Policies and Problems, papers presented at a seminar sponsored by the IMF in Wellington, New Zealand, edited bySir FrankHolmes,1987.
Economic Policy Coordination, papers presented at a seminar sponsored by the IMF in Hamburg, Germany, 1988.
EMU and the International Monetary System, the proceedings of a seminar held in Washington, sponsored by the IMF and the Fondation Camille Gutt, 1997.
Evolving Role of Central Banks, papers presented at a seminar sponsored by the IMF at the Fund’s headquarters, edited byPatrickDownes and RezaVaez-Zadeh,1991.
External Debt: Definition, Statistical Coverage and Methodology, a comparative description of statistics collected by the BIS, IMF, OECD, and the World Bank, 1998.
External Debt Management, papers presented at a seminar sponsored by the IMF, Washington, D.C., edited byHassanaliMehran,1985.
External Debt, Savings, and Growth in Latin America, papers presented at a seminar sponsored by the Instituto Torcuato di Tella and the IMF in Don Torcuato, Argentina, edited byAna MaríaMartirena-Mantel,1987.
Fifty Years After Bretton Woods: The Future of the IMF and the World Bank, the proceedings of a conference held in Madrid, Spain, sponsored by the IMF and the World Bank to commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of the two institutions, edited byJames M.Boughton and K. SarwarLateef,1994.
Financial Policies and Capital Markets in Arab Countries, the proceedings of a seminar held in Abu Dhabi, edited bySaidEl-Naggar,1994.
Financial Programming and Policy: The Case of Hungary, edited byKaren A.Swiderski,1992.
Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice, a series of papers on a number of countries examining the relationships among central, state, and local governments in respect to their spending and revenue-raising responsibilities, edited byTeresaTer-Minassian,1997.
Fiscal Policies in Economies in Transition, edited byVitoTanzi,1992.
Fiscal Policy, Economic Adjustment, and Financial Markets, papers presented at a seminar sponsored by the Centre for Financial and Monetary Economics, Università Luigi Bocconi, in Milan, Italy, and the IMF, edited byMarioMonti,1989.
Fiscal Policy in Open Developing Economies, papers presented at the 44th Congress of the International Institute of Public Finance, edited byVitoTanzi,1990.
Fiscal Policy, Stabilization, and Growth in Developing Countries, edited byMario I.Blejer and Ke-youngChu,1992.
Foreign and Inter-Trade Policies of Arab Countries, papers presented at a seminar sponsored by the IMF in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, edited bySaidEl-Naggar,1992.
Framework for Monetary Stability: Policy Issues and Country Experience, edited byTomás J. T.Baliño and CarloCottarelli,1994.
The Functioning of the International Monetary System, Vols. I and II, a series of 30 analytical papers on the system as it functioned in 1987-91, edited byJacob A.Frenkel and MorrisGoldstein,1996.
The Future of the SDR in Light of Changes in the International Monetary System, the proceedings of a seminar held at the IMF, edited byMichaelMussa, JamesBoughton, and PeterIsard,1996.
Government Financial Management: Issues and Country Studies, edited byA.Premchand,1990.
Growth-Oriented Adjustment Programs, papers presented at a symposium sponsored by the IMF and the World Bank in Washington, D.C., edited byVittorioCorbo, MorrisGoldstein, and MohsinKhan,1987.
How to Measure the Fiscal Deficit: Analytical and Methodological Issues, edited byMario I.Blejer and AdrienneCheasty,1992.
IMF Glossary, English-French-Arabic, by the IMF Bureau of Language Services, 1996.
IMF Glossary, English-French-Spanish, by the IMF Bureau of Language Services, 1997.
IMF Glossary, English-French-Russian by the IMF Bureau of Language Services, 1998.
The IMF’s Statistical Systems in Context of Revision of the United Nations’ “A System of National Accounts,”edited byVicenteGalbis,1991.
Improving Tax Administration in Developing Countries, edited byRichard M.Bird and MilkaCasanegra de Jantscher,1992.
Inflation and Growth in China, the proceedings of a conference, edited byManuelGuitián and RobertMundell,1996.
Interest Rate Liberalization and Money Market Development, a series of papers presented at a seminar held in Beijing, China, sponsored by the IMF and the People’s Bank of China, edited byHassanaliMehran, BernardLaurens, and MarcQuintyn,1995.
International Financial Policy: Essays in Honor ofJacques J.Polak,papers presented at a conference sponsored by the Netherlands Bank and the IMF in Washington, D.C., edited byJacob A.Frenkel and MorrisGoldstein,1991.
International Monetary Cooperation Since Bretton Woods, a comprehensive history written by Harold James and published jointly by the IMF and Oxford University Press, 1996.
The International Monetary Fund, 1945-1965: Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation. Vol. I, Chronicle, by J. KeithHorsefield;Vol. II, Analysis, by Margaret G.de Vries and J. KeithHorsefield with the collaboration of JosephGold, Mary H.Gumbart, GertrudeLovasy, and Emil G.Spitzer; and Vol. III, Documents, edited byJ. KeithHorsefield,1969.
The International Monetary Fund, 1966-1971: The System Under Stress. Vol. I, Narrative, by Margaret Garritsende Vries;Vol II, Documents, edited byMargaret Garritsende Vries,1976.
The International Monetary Fund, 1972-1978: Cooperation on Trial. Vols. I and II, Narrative and Analysis, by Margaret Garritsende Vries; and Vol. III, Documents, edited byMargaret Garritsende Vries,1985.
International Reserves: Needs and Availability, papers presented by a number of scholars and Fund staff members at a seminar convened at the Fund’s headquarters, 1970.
Legal and Institutional Aspects of the International Monetary System: Selected Essays, Vols. I and II, by JosephGold,1984.
Legal Effects of Fluctuating Exchange Rates, by JosephGold,1990.
Macroeconomic Accounting and Analysis in Transition Economies, by AbdessatarOuanes and SubhashThakur,1997.
Macroeconomic Adjustment: Policy Instruments and Issues, edited byJeffrey M.Davis,1992.
Macroeconomic Issues Facing ASEAN Countries, papers prepared for the ASEAN conference held in Jakarta, edited byJohnHicklin, DavidRobinson, and AnoopSingh,1997.
Macroeconomic Models for Adjustment in Developing Countries, edited byMohsin S.Khan, Peter J.Montiel, and Nadeem U.Haque,1991.
Macroeconomic Policies in an Interdependent World, edited byRalphBryant, DavidCurrie, Jacob A.Frenkel, PaulMasson, and RichardPortes,1989.
Macroeconomics and the Environment, the proceedings of a seminar held at the IMF at which experts from academic and research institutions, nongovernmental organizations, and staff from the IMF and World Bank shared their views on macroeconomic policies and the environment, edited byVed P.Gandhi,1996.
The Monetary Approach to the Balance of Payments, edited byRudolf R.Rhomberg,1977.
Optimum Currency Areas: New Analytical and Policy Developments, a revisit to Robert Mundell’s pioneering theory of optimum currency areas, with an update by Robert Mundell himself, edited byMario I.Blejer, Jacob A.Frankel, LeonardLeiderman, and AssafRazin,1997.
The Payment System: Design, Management and Supervision, 12 papers by central bank experts from around the world, edited byBruce J.Summers,1994.
Payment System, Monetary Policy, and the Role of the Central Bank, by Otomunde E. G.Johnson, Richard K.Abrams, Jean-MarcDestresse, TonyLybek, NicholasRoberts, and MarkSwinburne,1997.
Policies for African Development: From the 1980s to the 1990s, a collection of papers presented at a seminar in Gaborone, Botswana, edited byI. G.Patel,1992.
Policies for Growth: The Latin American Experience, papers presented at a seminar in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, moderated byAndréLara Resende,1995.
Privatization and Structural Adjustment in the Arab Countries, papers presented at a seminar sponsored by the IMF in Washington, D.C., edited bySaidEl-Naggar,1989.
Public Expenditure Handbook: A Guide to Public Policy Issues in Developing Countries, edited byKe-youngChu and RichardHemming,1991.
Reforming China’s Public Finances, the proceedings of a conference held in Shanghai, China, with supplemental papers, edited byEhtishamAhmad, GaoQiang, and VitoTanzi,1995.
Report on the Measurement of International Capital Flows and Background Papers, 1992.
Report on the World Current Account Discrepancy, by the IMF and other international organizations, 1987.
The Social Effects of Economic Adjustment on Arab Countries, papers presented in a seminar sponsored by the Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development, the Arab Monetary Fund, the IMF, and the World Bank, edited byTaher H.Kanaan,1997.
Strategies for Structural Adjustment: The Experience of Southeast Asia, papers presented at a seminar sponsored by the IMF in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, moderated byUngku A.Aziz,1990.
Structural Adjustment and Macroeconomic Policy Issues, papers presented at a conference in Lahore, Pakistan, moderated byV. A.Jafarey,1992.
Supply-Side Tax Policy: Its Relevance to Developing Countries, by Ved P.Gandhi, Liam P.Ebrill, George A.Mackenzie, LuisMañas-Anton, Jitendra R.Modi, SomchaiRichupan, FernandoSanchez-Ugarte, and ParthasarathiShome,1987.
System of National Accounts, prepared by the Joint Commission of the European Communities, IMF, OECD, UN, and World Bank, 1993.
Systemic Bank Restructuring and Macroeconomic Policy, sets out cross-country restructuring experiences, edited byWilliam E.Alexander, Jeffrey M.Davis, Liam P.Ebrill, and Carl-JohanLindgren,1997.
Tax Law Design and Drafting, Vol. I and II, edited byVictorThuronyi,1996.
Trade Policy Issues, papers presented in a seminar sponsored by the IMF, edited byChorng-HueyWong,1997.
Transition to Market Studies in Fiscal Reform, edited byVitoTanzi,1993.
The Uruguay Round and the Arab Countries, papers presented at a seminar sponsored by the IMF, the Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development, the Arab Monetary Fund, and the World Bank, edited bySaidEl-Naggar,1996.
Finance & Development, jointly published by the Fund and the World Bank up to June 1998, when the IMF became the sole publisher. The magazine contains articles in nontechnical language explaining the financial and development issues. Published quarterly, 1964to date. In Arabic, Chinese, English, French, German, Portuguese, Spanish, and Russian (free).
IMF Economic Reviews, a triennial collection of PINs issued in the preceding trimester.
IMF Survey, maintains a running record of the Fund’s policies, decisions, and activities, as well as country and world economic developments. Issued twice a month, 1972to date. Also in French and Spanish.
Staff Papers, quarterly, 1950 to date.. The following are selected articles:
“Analysis of Proposals for Using Objective Indicators as a Guide to Exchange Rate Changes,” by Trevor G.Underwood,Vol. 20 (Mar. 1973), pp. 100–117.
“The Appropriate Use of Monetary and Fiscal Policy for Internal and External Stability,” by Robert A.Mundell,Vol. 9 (Mar. 1962), pp. 70–79.
“Are Exchange Rates Excessively Volatile? And What Does “Excessively Volatile” Mean, Anyway?” by LeonardoBartolini and Gordon M.Bodnar,Vol. 43 (Mar. 1996), pp. 72-96.
“Balance of Payments Adjustment Among Developed Countries,” by Anne RomanisBraun,Vol. 12 (Mar. 1965), pp. 17—34.
“Competitive Depreciation,” by WalterGardner and S. C.Tsiang,Vol. 2 (1951-52), pp. 399–406.
“Conditionality: Past, Present, Future,” by ManuelGuitían,Vol. 42 (Dec. 1995), pp. 792–835.
“Consumption. Income, and International Capital Market Integration,” by TamimBayoumi and RonaldMacDonald,Vol. 42 (Sept. 1995), pp. 552–76.
“Currency Unions, Economic Fluctuations, and Adjustment,” by TamimBayoumi and EswarPrasad,Vol. 44 (Mar. 1997), pp. 36-58.
“Corruption Around the World: Causes, Consequences, Scope, and Cures,” by VitoTanzi,Vol. 45 (Dec. 1998), pp. 559-4.
“The Determinants of Banking Crises in Developing Contraries,” by AsliDemirgüç-Kunt and EnricaDetragiache,Vol. 45 (Mar. 1998), pp. 81–109.
“Devaluation Versus Import Restriction as an Instrument for Improving Foreign Trade Balance,” by Sidney S.Alexander,Vol. 1 (1950–51), pp. 379–96.
“Developments in the International Payments System,” by J. MarcusFleming,Vol. 10 (Nov. 1963), pp. 461–84.
“Domestic Financial Policies Under Fixed and Floating Exchange Rates,” by J. MarcusFleming,Vol. 9 (Nov. 1962), pp. 369–80.
“Effectiveness of Exchange Rate Policy for Trade Account Adjustment,” by AlfredSteinherr,Vol. 28 (Mar. 1981), pp. 199–224.
“Effects of a Devaluation on a Trade Balance,” by Sydney S.Alexander,Vol. 2 (Apr. 1952), pp. 263–78.
“Effects of Various Types of Reserve Creation on Fund Liquidity,” by J. MarcusFleming,Vol. 12 (July1965), pp. 163–88.
“The Exchange Rate Regime: An Analysis and a Possible Scheme,” by FredHirsch,Vol. 19 (July1972), pp. 259–85.
“Exchange Rates, Inflation, and Vicious Circles,” by John F. O.Bilton,Vol. 27 (Dec. 1980), pp. 679–711.
“Fifty Years of Exchange Policy and Research at the International Monetary Fund,” by Jacques V.Polak,Vol. 42 (Dec. 1995), pp.734–61.
“Fiscal Policy and Long-Run Growth,” by VitoTanzi and Howell H.Zee,Vol. 44, (June1997), pp. 179–209.
“Fixed and Flexible Exchange Rates: A Renewal of the Debate,” by JacquesArtus and John H.Young,Vol. 26 (Dec. 1979), pp. 654–98.
“Fluctuating Exchange Rates in Countries with Relatively Stable Economies: Some European Experiences After World War I,” by S. C.Tsiang,Vol. 7 (Oct. 1959), pp. 244–73.
“From Centrally-Planned to Market Economies: The Road from CPE to PCPE,” by Guillermo A.Calvo and Jacob A.Frenkel,Vol. 38. (June1991), pp. 268–99.
“The Fund and International Liquidity,” by J. MarcusFleming,Vol. 11 (July1964), pp. 177–215.
“Fund Members’ Adherence to the Par Value Regime: Empirical Evidence,” by Margaret G.de Vries,Vol. 13 (1966), pp. 504–32.
“Government Spending, Taxes, and Economic Growth” by PaulCashin,Vol. 42 (June1995), pp. 237–69.
“The Historical Development of the Principle of Surveillance” by HaroldJames,Vol. 42 (Dec. 1995), pp. 762–91.
“Improving the Demand for Money Function in Moderate Inflation,” by William H.White,Vol. 25 (Sept. 1978), pp. 564–607.
“Indexation of Wages and Salaries in Developed Economies,” by Anne RomanisBraun,Vol. 23 (Mar. 1976), pp. 226–71.
“An Indicator of Effective Exchange Rates,” by FredHirsch and IlseHiggins,Vol. 17 (Nov. 1970), pp. 453–84.
“Indices of Effective Exchange Rates,” by Rudolf R.Rhomberg,Vol. 23 (Mar. 1976), pp. 88–112.
“Interest Rate Differences, Forward Exchange Mechanism, Scope for Short-Term Capital Movements,” by William H.White,Vol. 10 (Nov. 1963), pp. 485–503.
“International Monetary Fund: A Selected Bibliography,” by MartinLoftus and Anne C. M.Salda,Vol. 1 (1951)–Vol. 25 (Dec. 1985), various issues.
“Liberalization and the Behavior of Output During Transition from Plan to Market,” by ErnestoHernández-Catá,Vol. 44 (Dec. 1997), pp. 405-29.
“The Macroeconomic Impact of Privatization,” by G.A.Mackenzie,Vol. 45 (June1998), pp. 363–400.
“The Management of International Liquidity,” by Oscar L.Altman,Vol. 13 (July1966), pp. 216–47.
“Monetary Analysis of Income Formation and Payments Problems,” by Jacques J.Polak,Vol. 6 (Nov. 1957), pp. 1–50.
“The Monetary Approach to the Exchange Rate: Some Empirical Evidence,” by John F. O.Bilson,Vol. 25 (Mar. 1978), pp. 48–75.
“A Multilateral Exchange Rate Model,” by JacquesArtus and Rudolf R.Rhomberg,Vol. 20 (Nov. 1973), pp. 591–611.
“Official Intervention in the Forward Exchange Market: A Simplified Analysis,” by J. MarcusFleming and Robert A.Mundell,Vol. 11 (Mar. 1964), pp. 1–9.
“Openness, Human Development, and Fiscal Policies: Effects of Economic Growth and Speed of Adjustment” by DelanoVillanueva,41 (March1994), pp. 1–29.
“The Peace Dividend: Military Spending Cuts and Economic Growth,” by MalcolmKnight, NormanLoayza, and DelanoVillanueva,Vol. 43 (Mar. 1996), pp. 1–37.
“The Present System of Reserve Creation in the Fund,” by HannanEzekiel,Vol. 13 (Nov. 1966), pp. 398–420.
“The Productivity Bias in Purchasing Power Parity: An Econometric Investigation,” by Lawrence H.Officer,Vol. 23 (Nov. 1976), pp. 545–75.
“Professor Triffin on International Liquidity and the Role of the Fund,” by Oscar L.Altman,Vol. 8 (May1961), pp. 151–92.
“The Purchasing-Power-Parity Theory of Exchange Rates: A Review Article,” by Lawrence H.Officer,Vol. 23 (Mar. 1976), pp. 1–60.
“Restraining Yourself: The Implications of Fiscal Rules for Economic Stabilization,” by TamimBayoumi and BarryEichengreen,Vol. 42 (Mar. 1995), pp. 32–48.
“A Revised Version of the Multilateral Exchange Rate Model,” by JacquesArtus and Anne KennyMcQuirk,Vol. 28 (June1981), pp. 275–309.
“The Role of Incomes Policy in Industrial Countries Since World War II,” by Anne RomanisBraun,Vol. 22 (Mar. 1975), pp. 1–6.
“The Role of the International Monetary Fund in Promoting Price Stability,” by WalterGardner,Vol. 7 (Apr. 1960), pp. 319–26.
“The SDR as a Basket of Currencies,” by Jacques J.Polak,Vol. 26 (Dec. 1979), pp. 627–53.
“The SDR: Some Problems and Possibilities,” by J. MarcusFleming,Vol. 18 (Mar. 1971), pp. 25–47.
“SDRs and the Working of the Gold Exchange Standard,” by FredHirsch,Vol. 18 (July1971), pp. 221–53.
“Separate Exchange Markets for Current and Capital Transactions,” by AnthonyLanyi,Vol. 22 (Nov. 1975), pp. 714–49.
“Some Economic Aspects of Multiple Exchange Rates,” by Edward M.Bernstein,Vol. 1 (1950-51), pp. 224–37.
“Special Drawing Rights: Renaming the Infant Asset,” by JosephGold,Vol. 23 (July1976), pp. 295–311.
“Stabilization Programs in Developing Countries: A Formal Framework,” by Mohsin S.Khan and Malcolm D.Knight,Vol. 28 (Mar. 1981), pp. 1–53.
“Strategic Factors in Balance of Payments Adjustment,” by Edward M.Bernstein,Vol. 5 (Aug. 1956), pp. 205–49.
“A Survey of Literature on Controls Over International Capital Transactions.” by MichaelDooley,Vol. 43 (Dec. 1996), pp. 639–87.
“The Vicious Circle Hypothesis,” by John F. O.Bilson,Vol. 26 (Mar. 1979), pp. 1–37.
“Warning: Inflation May Be Harmful to Your Growth,” by AtishGhosh and StevenPhilips,Vol. 45 (Dec. 1998), pp. 672–715.
(All four statistical publications are available on tape.)
World Economic and Financial Surveys
Developments in International Exchange and Payments Systems, by a staff team, 1991.
Developments in International Exchange and Trade Systems, by a staff team, 1989.
International Capital Markets: Developments and Prospects, annually, 1981to date. Issues from 1981-85 were issued in theOccasional Papers series.
Issues and Developments in International Trade Policy, by a staff team headed by Margaret Kelly and Anne Kenny McQuirk, 1992.
Issues in International Exchange and Payments, by an IMF staff team, issued in1989, 1992, and 1995.
Multilateral Official Debt Rescheduling: Recent Experience, by a staff team, 1987, 1988, and 1990.
Officially Supported Export Credits: Development and Prospects, by a staff team, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1990, and 1995.
Primary Commodity Markets, staff studies, annually from1986 through 1990.
Private Market Financing for Developing Countries, staff study, 1991, 1992, 1993, and 1995.
Staff Studies for the World Economic Outlook.Supporting material for the analysis and scenarios depicted inWorld Economic Outlook.
Occasional Papers (series)
International Capital Markets: Recent Developments and Short-Term Prospects, by a staff team headed byR. C.Williams,1980. No. 1.
External Indebtedness of Developing Countries, by a staff team headed byBahrainNowzad and RichardWilliams,1981. No. 3.
The Multilateral System of Payments: Keynes, Convertibility, and the International Monetary Fund’s Articles of Agreement, by JosephGold,1981. No. 6.
International Comparisons of Government Expenditure, by Alan A.Tait and Peter S.Heller,1982. No. 10.
Effects of Slowdown in Industrial Countries on Growth in Non-Oil Developing Countries, by MorrisGoldstein and Mohsin S.Khan,1982. No. 12.
Currency Convertibility in the Economic Community of West African States, by John B.McLenaghan, Saleh M.Nsouli, and Klaus-WalterRiechel,1982. No. 13.
Developments in International Trade Policy, by S. J.Anjaria, Z.Iqbal, N.Kirmani, and L. L.Perez,1982. No. 16.
Aspects of the International Banking Safety Net, by G. G.Johnson, with Richard K.Abrams,1983. No. 17.
Alternatives to the Central Bank in the Developing World, by CharlesCollyns,1983. No. 20.
Interest Rate Policies in Developing Countries, a study by the Research Department, 1983. No. 22.
Recent Multilateral Debt Restructuring with Official and Bank Creditors, by a staff team headed byE.Brau and R. C.Williams, with P. M.Keller and M.Nowak,1983. No. 25.
The Fund, Commercial Banks, and Member Countries, by PaulMentré,1984. No. 26.
Exchange Rate Volatility and World Trade, a study by the Research Department, 1984. No. 28.
Issues in the Assessment of the Exchange Rates of Industrial Countries, a study by the Research Department, 1984. No. 29.
The Exchange Rate System—Lessons of the Past and Options for the Future, a study by the Research Department, 1984. No. 30.
Foreign Private Investment in Developing Countries, a study by the Research Department, 1985. No. 33.
Adjustment Programs in Africa: The Recent Experience, by Justin B.Zulu and Saleh M.Nsouli,1985. No. 34.
The West African Monetary Union: An Analytical Review, by Rattan J.Bhatia,1985. No. 35.
Formulation of Exchange Rate Policies in Adjustment Programs, by a staff team headed byG. G.Johnson,1985. No. 36.
Export Credit Cover Policies and Payment Difficulties, by Eduard H.Brau and ChampenPuckahtikom,1985. No. 37.
A Case of Successful Adjustment: Korea’s Experience During 1980–84, by Bijan B.Aghevli and JorgeMárquez-Ruarte,1985. No. 39.
Recent Developments in External Debt Restructuring, by K. BurkeDillon, C. MaxwellWatson, G. RussellKincaid, and ChampenPuckahtikom,1985. No. 40.
Fund-Supported Adjustment Programs and Economic Growth, by Mohsin S.Khan and Malcolm D.Knight,1985. No. 41.
Global Effects of Fund-Supported Adjustment Programs, by MorrisGoldstein,1986. No. 42.
A Review of the Fiscal Impulse Measure, by Peter S.Heller, Richard D.Haas, and Ahsan H.Mansur,1986. No. 44.
Switzerland’s Role as an International Financial Center, by Benedicte VibeChristensen,1986. No. 45.
Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution, a study by the Fiscal Affairs Department, 1986. No. 46.
Strengthening the International Monetary System: Exchange Rates, Surveillance, and Objective Indicators, by AndrewCrockett and MorrisGoldstein,1987. No. 50.
The Role of the SDR in the International Monetary System, by the Research and Treasurer’s Departments, 1987. No. 51.
Floating Exchange Rates in Developing Countries: Experience with Auction and Interbank Markets, by Peter J.Quirk, Benedicte VibeChristensen, Kyung-MoHuh, and ToshihikoSasaki,1987. No. 53.
Protection and Liberalization: A Review of Analytical Issues, by MaxCorden,1987. No. 54.
Theoretical Aspects of the Design of Fund-Supported Adjustment Programs, a study by the Research Department, 1987. No. 55.
Privatization and Public Enterprises, by RichardHemming and Ali M.Mansoor,1988. No. 56.
The Implications of Fund-Supported Adjustment Programs for Poverty: Experiences in Selected Countries, by Peter S.Heller, A. LansBovenberg, ThanosCatsambas, Ke-youngChu, and ParthasarathiShome,1988. No. 58.
Policies for Developing Forward Foreign Exchange Markets, by Peter J.Quirk, GrahamHacche, ViktorSchoofs, and LotharWeniger,1988. No. 60.
Policy Coordination in the European Monetary System, by ManuelGuitián, MaximoRusso, and GiuseppeTullio,1988. No. 61.
Common Agricultural Policy of the European Community: Principles and Consequences, by the European Department, 1988. No. 62.
Managing Financial Risks in Indebted Developing Countries, by Donald J.Mathieson, DavidFolkerts-Landau, TimothyLane, and IqbalZaidi,1989. No. 65.
The European Monetary System in the Context of the Integration of European Financial Markets, by DavidFolkerts-Landau and DonaldMathieson,1989. No. 66.
The Role of National Saving in the World Economy: Recent Trends and Prospects, by Bijan B.Aghevli, James M.Boughton, Peter J.Montiel, DelanoVillanueva, and GeoffreyWoglom,1990. No. 67.
Debt Reduction and Economic Activity, by Michael P.Dooley, DavidFolkerts-Landau, Richard D.Haas, Steven A.Symansky, and Ralph W.Tryon,1990. No. 68.
International Comparisons of Government Expenditure Revisited: The Developing Countries, by Peter S.Heller and JackDrummond,1990. No. 69.
The Conduct of Monetary Policy in the Major Industrial Countries: Instruments and Operating Procedures, by Dallas S.Batten, Michael P.Blackwell, In-SuKim, Simon E.Nocera, and YuzuruOzeki,1990. No. 70.
MULTIMOD Mark II: A Revised and Extended Model, by PaulMasson, StevenSymansky, and GuyMeredith,1990. No. 71.
The Czech and Slovak Federal Republic: An Economy in Transition, by JimPrustand an IMF staff team, 1990. No. 72.
German Unification: Economic Issues, byLeslieLipschitz and DonoghMcDonald,1991. No. 75.
China: Economic Reform and Macroeconomic Management, by MarioBlejer, DavidBurton, StevenDunaway, and GyorgySzapary,1991. No. 76.
The Determinants and Systemic Consequences of International Capital Flows, by MorrisGoldstein, Donald J.Mathieson, DavidFolkerts-Landau, TimothyLane, J. SaulLizondo, and LilianaRojas-Suarez,1991. No. 77.
Exchange Rate Policy in Developing Countries: Some Analytical Issues, by BijanAghevli, MohsinKhan, and Peter J.Montiel,1991. No. 78.
Domestic Public Debt of Externally Indebted Countries, by Pablo E.Guidotti and Manmohan S.Kumar,1991. No. 80.
Currency Convertibility and the Transformation of Centrally Planned Economies, by Joshua E.Greene and PeterIsard,1991. No. 81.
Characteristics of a Successful Exchange Rate System, by Jacob A.Frenkel, MorrisGoldstein, and Paul R.Masson,1991. No. 82.
Value-Added Tax: Administrative and Policy issues, edited byAlan A.Tait,1991. No. 88.
The Internationalization of Currencies: An Appraisal of the Japanese Yen, by George S.Tavlas and YuzuruOzeki,1991. No. 90.
Economic Policies for a New South Africa, edited byDesmondLachman and KennethBercuson,1991. No. 91.
Regional Trade Arrangements, by Augusto de laTorre and Margaret R.Kelly,1991. No. 93.
Tax Harmonization in the European Community: Policy Issues and Analysis, by GeorgeKopits.1992. No. 94.
The Fiscal Dimensions of Adjustment in Low-Income Countries, by KarimNashashibi, SanjeeGupta, ClaireLiuksila, HenriLorie, and WalterMahler,1992. No. 95.
Policy Issues in the Evolving International Monetary System, by MorrisGoldstein, PeterIsard, Paul R.Masson, and Mark P.Taylor,1992. No. 96.
Rules and Discretion in International Economic Policy, by ManuelGuitián,1992. No. 97.
Financial Sector Reforms and Exchange Arrangements in Eastern Europe, by Guillermo A.Calvo, Manmohan S.Kumar, EduardoBorensztein, and Paul R.Masson,1993. No. 102.
The Structure and Operation of the World Gold Market, by GaryO’Callaghan,1993. No. 105.
Economic Adjustment in Low-Income Countries: Experience Under the Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility, by SusanSchadler, FranekRozwadowski, SiddarthTiwari, and David O.Robinson,1993. No. 106.
Recent Experiences with Surges in Capital Inflows, by SusanSchadler, MariaCarkovic, AdamBennett, and RobertKahn,1993. No. 108.
Limiting Central Bank Credit to the Government: Theory and Practice, by CarloCottarelli,1993. No. 110.
The Russian Federation in Transition: External Developments, by Benedicte VibeChristensen,1994. No. 111.
The Behavior of Non-Oil Commodity Prices, by EduardoBorensztein, MohsinKhan, Carneb M.Reinhart, and PeterWickham,1994. No. 112.
Exchange Rates and Economic Fundamentals: A Framework for Analysis, by Peter B.Clark, LeonardoBartolini, TamimBayoumi, and StevenSymansky,1994. No. 115.
Improving the International Monetary System: Constraints and Possibilities, by MichaelMussa, MorrisGoldstein, Peter B.Clark, Donald J.Mathieson, and TamimBayoumi,1994. No. 116.
Uganda: Adjustment with Growth, 1987-94, by Robert L.Sharer, Hema R.De Zoysa, and Calvin A.McDonald,1995. No. 121.
Capital Flows in the APEC Region, by Mohsin S.Khan and Carmen M.Reinhart,eds., 1995. No. 122.
Saving Behavior and the Asset Price “Bubble” in Japan: Analytical Studies, by UlrichBaumgartner and GuyMeredith,eds., 1995. No. 124.
The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy, by a staff team headed byWilliam E.Alexander, Tómas J. T.Baliño, and CharlesEcoch,1995. No. 126.
Road Maps of the Transition: The Baltics, the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Russia, by BiswajitBanerjee, VincentKoen, ThomasKrueger, Mark S.Lutz, MichaelMarrese, and Tapio O.Saavalainen,1995, No. 127.
IMF Conditionality: Experience Under Stand-by and Extended Arrangements, Part I: Key Issues and Findings, by SusanSchadler, AdamBennett, MariaCarkovic, LouisDicks-Mireaux, MauroMecagni, James H. J.Morsink, and Miguel A.Savastano,1995. No. 128.
IMF Conditionality: Experience Under Stand-By and Extended Arrangements, Part II: Background Papers, by SusanSchadler,ed., AdamBennett, MariaCarkovic, LouisDicks-Mireaux, MauroMecagni, James H. J.Morsink, and Miguel A.Savastano,1995. No. 129.
Capital Account Convertibility: Review of Experience and Implications for IMF Policies, by staff teams headed byPeter J.Quirk and OwenEvans,1995. No. 131.
Financial Fragilities in Latin America: The 1980s and 1990s, by LilianaRojas-Suárez and Steven R.Weisbrod,1995. No. 132.
Policy Experiences and Issues in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union, by Daniel A.Citrin and Ashok K.Lahiri,eds., 1995. No. 133.
India: Economic Reform and Growth, by AjaiChopra, CharlesCollyns, RichardHemming, KarenParker, with WoosikChu and OliverFratzscher,1995. No. 134.
Aftermath of the CFA Franc Devaluation, by Jean A. P.Clément, with JohannesMueller, StéphaneCossé, and Jean LeDem,1996. No. 138.
Reinvigorating Growth in Developing Countries: Lessons from Adjustment Policies in Eight Economies, by DavidGoldsbrough, SharminiCoorey, LouisDicks-Mireaux, BalazsHorvath, KalpanaKochhar, MauroMecagni, ErikOfferdal, and JianpingZhou,1996. No. 139.
Monetary and Exchange System Reforms in China: An Experiment in Gradualism, HassanaliMehran, MarcQuintyn, TomNordman, BernardLaurens,1996. No. 141.
Adjustment for Growth: The African Experience, by MichaelHadjimichael, MichaelNowak, RobertSharer, and AmorTahari,1996. No. 143.
Exchange Rate Movements and Their Impact on Trade and Investment in the APEC Region, by TakatoshiIto, PeterIsard, StevenSymansky, and TamimBayoumi,1996. No. 145.
Thailand: The Road to Sustained Growth, by KalpanaKochhar, LouisDicks-Mireaux, BalazsHorvath, MauroMecagni, ErikOfferdal, and JiampingZhou,1996. No. 146.
The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth: Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies, by G. A.Mackenzie, David W. H.Orsmond, and Philip R.Gerson,1997. No. 149.
Currency Board Arrangements: Issues and Experiences, by D.Mihalke,1997. No. 151.
Hong Kong, China: Growth, Structural Change, and Economic Stability During the Transition, by JohnDodsworth and DubravkoMihaljek,1997. No. 152.
Credibility Without Rules, by CarloCottarelli and C.Giannini,1997. No. 154.
The ESAF at Ten Years: Economic Adjustment and Reform in Low-Income Countries, by the staff of the IMF, 1997. No. 156.
Central Bank Reforms in the Baltics, Russia, and the Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union, by a staff team headed byMalcomKnight,1997. No. 157.
Transparency in Government Operations, by GeorgeKopitz and JonCraig,1997. No. 158.
Fiscal Reforms in Low-Income Countries, by an IMF staff team headed byGeorgeAbed,1998. No. 160.
MULTIMOD Mark III: The Core Dynamic and Steady State Model, by DavidLaxton, PeterIsard,et al., 1998. No. 164.
Hedge Funds and Financial Market Dynamics, by B.Eichengreen and D.Mathieson,1998. No 166.
This series covers, in depth, various aspects of the Fund, its functions, policies, and legal concepts (free). The following is an incomplete listing.
The International Monetary Fund: Its Form and Function, by J. MarcusFleming,1964.
The International Monetary Fund and Private Business Transactions: Some Legal Effects of the Articles of Agreement, by JosephGold,1965.
The International Monetary Fund and International Law: An Introduction, by JosephGold,1965.
Maintenance of the Gold Value of the Fund’s Assets, byJosephGold,1971.
The Fund and Non-Member States; Some Legal Effects, by JosephGold,1971.
Balance of Payments: Its Meaning and Uses, by PoulHøst-Madsen,1967.
Some Reflections on the Nature of Special Drawing Rights, by J. J.Polak,1971.
Valuation and Rate of Interest of the SDR, by Jacques J.Polak,1974.
Floating Currencies, Gold, and SDRs: Some Recent Legal Developments, by JosephGold,1976.
Voting Majorities in the Fund: Effects of the Second Amendment to the Articles, by JosephGold,1977.
International Capital Movements Under the Law of the International Monetary Fund, by JosephGold,1977.
Floating Currencies, SDRs, and Gold: Further Legal Developments, by JosephGold,1977.
Use, Conversion, and Exchange of Currency Under the Second Amendment of the Fund’s Articles, by JosephGold,1978.
The Second Amendment of the Fund’s Articles of Agreement, by JosephGold,1978.
SDRs, Gold, and Currencies: Third Survey of New Legal Developments, by JosephGold,1979.
Financial Assistance by the International Monetary Fund: Law and Practice, by JosephGold,1980.
The Rule of Law in the International Monetary Fund, by JosephGold,1980.
SDRs, Currencies, and Gold: Fourth Survey of New Legal Developments, by JosephGold,1980.
The Legal Character of the Fund’s Stand-By Arrangements and Why It Matters, by JosephGold,1980.
SDRs, Currencies, and Gold: Fifth Survey of New Legal Developments, by JosephGold,1981.
The International Monetary Fund: Its Evolution, Organization, and Activities, by the staff, 1984.
Fund Conditionality: Evolution of Principles and Practices, by ManuelGuitián,1981.
Order in International Finance, the Promotion of IMF Stand-By Arrangements, and the Drafting of Private Loan Agreements, by JosephGold,1982.
SDRs, Currencies, and Gold: Sixth Survey of New Legal Developments, by JosephGold,1983.
SDRs, Currencies, and Gold: Seventh Survey of New Legal Developments, by JosephGold,1987.
Financial Organization and Operations of the IMF, by the Treasurer’s Department, 1991.
The Unique Nature of the Responsibilities of the International Monetary Fund, by ManuelGuitián,1992.
Social Dimensions of the IMF’s Policy Dialogue, by the staff of the IMF, 1995.
Unproductive Public Expenditures: A Pragmatic Approach to Policy Analysis, by the Fiscal Affairs Department, 1995.
Guidelines for Fiscal Adjustment, by the Fiscal Affairs Department, 1995.
The Role of the IMF: Financing and Its Interactions with Adjustment and Surveillance, by PaulMasson and MichaelMussa,1995.
Debt Relief for Low-Income Countries: The HIPC Initiative, by Anthony R.Boote and KamauThugge,1997.
This new series, which was launched in 1996, is designed to make available to a readership of nonspecialists some of the economic research being carried out in the Fund. The papers are written in nontechnical language.
Growth in East Asia: What We Can and What We Cannot Infer, by MichaelSarel,1996.
Does the Exchange Rate Regime Matter for Inflation and Growth, by Atish R.Ghosh, Ann-MarieGulde, Jonathan D.Ostry, and HolgerWolf,1996.
Confronting Budget Deficits, by RozlynColeman,prepared from a working paper byPaul R.Masson and MichaelMussa,1996.
Fiscal Reforms That Work, by C. JohnMcDermott and Robert F.Wescott,1996.
Transformation to Open Market Operations: Developing Economies and Emerging Markets, by Stephen H.Axilrod,1996.
Why Is China Growing So Fast? by ZuliuHu and Moshin S.Khan,1997.
Deindustrialization—Its Causes and Implications, by RobertRowthorn and RamanaRamaswamy,1997.
Does Globalization Lower Wages and Export Jobs? by Matthew J.Slaughter and PhillipSwagel,1997.
Roads to Nowhere: How Corruption in Public Investment Hurts Growth, by VitoTanzi and HamidDavoodi,1998.
Fixed or Flexible: Getting the Exchange Right in the 1990s, by FrancescpCaramazza and JahangirAziz,1998.
Lessons from Systemic Bank Reconstructing, by ClaudiaDziobek and CeylaPazarbasioglu,1998.
Papers on Policy Analysis and Assessment
Beginning in January 1999, this series was renamed Policy Discussion Papers (PDP). The series comprises staff studies in the area of policy design and research. They are aimed primarily at operational staff involved in mission work and economists elsewhere interested in policy issues. The following is a selective listing.
Japan’s Corporate Groups and Imports, by Daniel A.Citrin,1992, PPAA/92/2
The Operation of the Estonian Currency Board, by Adam G. G.Bennmett,1992. PPAA/92/3
Real Exchange Rate Targeting in Developing Countries, by Peter J.Montiel and Jonathan D.Ostry,1993. PPAA/93/2
Adjusting to Development: The IMF and the Poor, by JamesBoughton,1993. PPAA/93/4
A Cautionary Note on the Use of Exchange Rate Indicators, by PeterWickham,1993. PPAA/93/5
The Strategy of Reform in the Previously Centrally Planned Economies of Eastern Europe: Lessons and Challenges, by EduardoBorensztein,1993, PPAA/93/6
The Capital Inflows Problem: Concepts and Issues, by Guillermo A.Calvo, LeonardoLeiderman, and CarmenReinhart,1993. PPAA/93/10
Options for Monetary and Exchange Arrangements in Transition Economies, by DelanoVillanueva,1993. PPAA/93/12
Aspects of the Design of Financial Programs with the Adoption of Indirect Monetary Controls, by BarryJohnston,1993. PPAA/93/16
The Taxation of High Income Earners, by ParthasarathiShome,1993. PPAA/93/19
International Capital Transactions: Should They Be Restricted? by Norman S.Fieleke,1993. PPAA/93/20
On the Political Sustainability of Economic Reform, by Carlos M.Asilis and Gian MariaMilesi-Ferretti,1994. PPAA/94/3
The New Protectionism in Industrial Countries: Beyond the Uruguay Round, by Douglas A.Irwin,1994. PPAA/94/5
Asset Prices, Monetary Policy, and the Business Cycle, by Garry J.Schinasi,1994. PPAA/94/6
Emerging Equity Market: Growth, Benefits, and Policy Concerns, by Robert A.Feldman and Mammohan S.Kumar,1994. PPAA/94/7
Establishing Monetary Control in Financial Systems With Insolvent Institutions, by DonaldMathieson and Richard D.Haas,1994. PPAA/94/10
Use of Central Bank Credit Auctions in Economies in Transition, by Matthew I.Saal and Lorena M.Zamalloa,1994. PPAA/94/11
Macroeconomic Management with Informal Financial Markets, by Pierre-RichardAgénor and Nadeem U.Haque,1994. PPAA/94/12
Currency Arrangements in the Countries of the Former Ruble Area and Conditions for Sound Monetary Policy, by Thomas A.Wolf,1994. PPAA/94/15
Currency Board: Issues and Experiences, by Adam G. G.Bennett,1994. PPAA/94/18
Structural Policies in Developing Countries, by EduardoBorensztein,1994. PPAA/94/19
Russia and the IMF: The Political Economy of Macro-Stabilization, ErnestoHernández-Catá1994. PPAA/94/20
The IMF and the Latin American Debt Crisis: Seven Common Criticisms, by James M.Boughton,1994. PPAA/94/23
The Speed of Financial Sector Reform: Risks and Strategies, by R. BarryJohnston,1994. PPAA/94/26
Social Safety Nets for Economic Transition: Options and Recent Experiences, by the Expenditure Policy Division Staff, 1995. PPAA/95/3
Non-G-10 Countries and the Basle Capital Rules: How Tough a Challenge Is It to Join the Basle Club? by ClaudiaDziobek, OlivierFrécaut, and MariaNieto,1995. PPAA/95/5
Discretion with Rules? Lessons from the Currency Board Arrangement in Lithuania, by WayneCamard,1996. PPAA/96/1
Borrowing by Subnational Governments; Issues and Selected International Experiences, by TeresaTer-Minassian,1996. PPAA/96/4
Social Protection in Transition Countries: Emerging Issues, by KeyoungChu and SanjeevGupta,1996. PPAA/96/5
The Definition of Reserve Money: Does It Matter for Financial Programs? by KalpanaKochhar,1996. PPAA/96/10
Conditionality as an Instrument of Borrower Credibility, by PierreDhonte,1997. PPAA/97/2
The Macroeconomic Impact of Privatization, by G. A.Mackenzie,1997. PPAA/97/9
Making a Currency Board Operation, by CharlesEnoch and Anne-MarieGulde,1997. PPAA/97/10
Bank Soundness and Currency Board Arrangements Issues and Experience, by VeerathaiSantiprabhob,1997. PPAA/97/11
Transparency in Central Bank Operations in the Foreign Exchange Markets, by CharlesEnoch,1998. PPAA/98/2
The Payment System and Monetary Policy, by Omotunde E. G.Jouhnson,1998. PPAA/98/4
Sequencing Capital Account Liberalization and Financial Sector Reform, by R. BarryHohnston,1998. PPAA/98/8
Working Papers, 1997
This series is designed to make Fund staff research available to a wide audience. The series began in 1991, about 180 working papers are released each year. In many cases the papers are subject to ongoing work and revision. Many will eventually be published by the Fund as articles in one of the Fund’s serial publications. The series is available on a subscription basis.
Staff Country Reports
The IMF releases Staff Country Reports on about 150 member countries each year. The reports contain comprehensive background material on economic developments as part of the annual consultations that the IMF conducts with most member countries.
Bank for International Settlements. Annual Reports. Basle, Switzerland, 1931to date.
Harrod, R. F.The Life of John Maynard Keynes, Harcourt, Brace (Princeton and London, 1951).
Howell, Kristin.“The Role of the Bank for International Settlements in Central Bank Cooperation,”Journal of European Economic History, Vol. 22, No. 2 (Fall1993).
Jacobsson, Erin E.A Life for Sound Money: Per Jacobsson; His Biography, Clarendon Press (Oxford, 1979).
Keynes, John Maynard.The Collected Writings of John Maynard Keynes, Vols. 24, 25, and 26, ed. by DonaldMoggridge,Macmillan (London and New York, 1982).
Odell, John S.U.S. International Monetary Policy: Markets, Power, and Ideas as Sources of Change, Princeton University Press (Princeton, New Jersey, 1982).
Rees, David.Harry Dexter White: A Study in Paradox, Coward, McCann and Geoghenan (New York, 1973).
Salda, Anne C. M.International Monetary Fund: A Selected Bibliography, International Organizations Series, Vol. 4, Transaction Publishers (New Brunswick, New Jersey, 1992).
Background of the Bretton Woods System
BernankeBen, and HaroldJames.“The Gold Standard, Deflation, and Financial Crisis in the Great Depression: An International Comparison,” in Financial Markets and Financial Crises, ed. by R. GlennHubbard,University of Chicago Press (Chicago, 1991).
Bernstein, Edward M.“The Adequacy of United States Gold Reserves,”American Economic Review (Papers and Proceedings of the Seventy-Third Annual Meeting of the American Economic Association), Vol. 51 (1961), pp 439-46.
Bloomfield, Arthur I.Monetary Policy Under the Gold Standard: 1880-1914, Federal Reserve Bank of New York (New York, 1959).
Brown, William Adams, Jr.The International Gold Standard Reinterpreted 1914-1934, National Bureau of Economic Research (New York, 1940).
Cassel, Gustav.The Downfall of the Gold Standard, Clarendon Press (Oxford1936).
Clarke, Stephen V. O.The Reconstruction of the International Monetary System: The Attempts of 1922 and 1933, Princeton Studies in International FinanceNo. 33, Princeton University Press (Princeton, 1973).
Clarke, Stephen V. O.Exchange-Rate Stabilization in the Mid—1930s: Negotiating the Tripartite Agreement, Princeton Studies in International FinanceNo. 41, Princeton University Press (Princeton, 1977).
Clavin, Patricia.“The World Economic Conference 1933: The Failure of British Internationalism,”Journal of European Economic History, Vol. 20, No. 3 (Winter, 1991).
Cooper, Richard N.Gold Standard: Historical Fact and Future Prospects, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity (Washington, D.C., 1982).
De Cecco, Marcello.The Internatiional Gold Standard: Money and Empire, St, Martin’s Press (New York, 1984).
Eichengreen, Barry J.“The Gold Standard and the Great Depression,” NBER Reporter, National Bureau of Economic Research (Spring1991).
Eichengreen, Barry J.Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919-1939, Oxford University Press (New York, 1992).
Eichengreen, Barry J., and JefferySachs.“Exchange Rates and Economic Recovery in the 1930s,”Journal of Economic History, Vol. 45 (1985).
Palyi, Melchior.The Twilight of Gold 1914–1936: Myths and Realities, Henry Regnery (Chicago, 1972).
Establishing the Bretton Woods System
Argy, Victor.The Postwar International Money Crisis: An Analysis, Allen & Unwin (London, 1981).
Black, Stanley W.A Levite Among the Priests: Edward M. Bernstein and the Origins of the Bretton Woods System, Westview Press (Boulder, Colorado, 1991).
Bordo, Michael D.“The Bretton Woods System: A Historical Overview,” in A Retrospective on the Bretton Woods System: Lessons for International Monetary Reform, ed. by Michael D.Bordo and BarryEichengreen,University of Chicago Press (Chicago, 1993).
Bordo, Michael D. and BarryEichengreen,eds. A Retrospective on the Bretton Woods System: Lesson for International Monetary Reform, University of Chicago Press (Chicago, 1993).
Bordo, Michael D., DominiqueSimard, and EugeneWhite,“France and the Bretton Woods International Monetary System, 1960 to 1968,”NBER Working Paper No. 4642, National Bureau of Economic Research (Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1994).
Dormael, Armand van.Bretton Woods: Birth of a Monetary Order, Holmes and Meier (New York, 1978).
Ebke, Werner F.,et al., eds. Festschrift in Honor of Sir Joseph Gold, Verlag Recht und Wirtschaft (Heidelberg, Germany, 1990).
Feis, Herbert.“Restoring Trade After the War,” Foreign Affairs (New York), Vol. 20 (1941-42).
Gardner, Richard N.Sterling-Dollar Diplomacy, Columbia University Press (New York, 1969).
Mikesell, Raymond F.“Negotiating at Bretton Woods, 1944,” in Negotiating with the Russians, ed, byRaymondDennett and Joseph E.Johnson,World Peace Foundation (Boston, 1951), pp. 101-16.
Mikesell, Raymond F.The Bretton Woods Debates: A Memoir, Essays in International Finance No. 192, Princeton University Press (Princeton, New Jersey, 1994).
Mossé, Robert.Le système monétaire de Bretton Woods et les grands problèmes de l’après guerre, Recueil Sirey (Paris, 1948).
Officer, Lawrence H.“Are International Monetary Fund Quotas Unfavorable to Less-Developed Countries? A Normative Historical Analysis,” Journal of international Money and Finance, Vol. 10, No. 2 (June1991).
Robertson, Dennis H.“The Post-War Monetary Plans,”The Economic Journal (London), Vol. 53 (1943), pp 352-60.
Robertson, Dennis H.Utility and All That, Allen and Unwin (London, 1952).
Robinson, Joan.“The International Currency Plans,”The Economic Journal (London), Vol. 53 (1943), pp. 161-75.
Southard, Frank.The Evolution of the International Monetary Fund, Essays in International Finance, No. 135, Princeton University Press (Princeton, New Jersey, 1979).
United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference, Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, 1944. Proceedings and Documents, 2 vols., U.S. Government Printing Office (Washington, D.C., 1944).
[U.S.] Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. Bretton Woods Agreements: A Bibliography, April 1943-December 1945 (Washington, D.C., 1946).
[U.S.] Department of State. Proceedings and Documents of United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference, Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, July 1-22, 1944 (Washington, D.C., 1948).
[U.S.] Treasury Department. Questions and Answers on the International Monetary Fund (Washington, D.C., June1944).
Van Dormael, Armand.Bretton Woods: Birth of a Monetary System, Holmes and Meier (New York, 1978).
Viner, Jacob.“Two Plans for International Monetary Stabilization,”Yale Review (New Haven), Vol. 33 (1943-44).
White, Harry D.“Post-War Currency Stabilization,”The American Economic Review, Vol. 33 (1943), Supplement.
Williams, John. H. Postwar Monetary Plans and Other Essays, Wilkins (New York, 1947).
Macroeconomic and Structural Adjustment and Fund Conditionality
Acheson, A. L. K., J. F.Chant, and M. F. J.Prachowny,eds. Bretton Woods Revisited: Evaluations of the International Monetary Fund and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, University of Toronto Press (Toronto, 1972).
Aliber, Robert Z.The International Money Game, Basic Books (New York, 1987).
Bangura, Yusuf.“IMF/World Bank Conditionality and Nigeria’s Structural Adjustment Programme,” in The IMF and the World Bank in Africa: Conditionality, Impact and Alternatives, ed. by Kjell J.Havnevik,Scandinavian Institute of African Studies (Uppsala, 1987).
Bangura, Yusuf.“Crisis and Adjustment: The Experience of Nigerian Workers,” in The IMF, the World Bank and African Debt, Vol. 2, The Social and Political Impact, ed. by BadeOnimode,Institute for African Alternatives and Zed Books (London, 1989).
Bazdresch, Carlos, and SantiagoLevy.“Populism and Economic Policy in Mexico 1970-1982,” in Macroecomics of Populism in Latin America, ed. by RudigerDornbusch and SebastianEdwards,University of Chicago Press (Chicago, 1991).
Bergsten, C. Fred.International Adjustment and Financing: The Lessons from 1985–1991, Institute for International Economics (Washington, D.C., 1991).
Bourguignon, François, and CristianMorrison.Adjustment and Equity in Developing Countries: A New Approach, Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (Paris, 1992).
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