Appendix 1. List of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Indicators

International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.
Published Date:
December 2013
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Table A1.1Millennium Development Goals Indicators
Indicator1Included in GDDSSector
Goal 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
Target 1.A Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than US$1 a day
1.1Proportion of population below US$1 (PPP) per day2*Poverty
1.2Poverty gap ratio*Poverty
1.3Share of poorest quintile in national consumptionPoverty
Target 1.B Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people
1.4Growth rate of GDP per person employedPoverty
1.5Employment-to-population ratioReal
1.6Proportion of employed people living below US$1 (PPP) per dayPoverty
1.7Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employmentPoverty
Target 1.C Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger
1.8Prevalence of underweight children under five years of ageHealth
1.9Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumptionHealth
Goal 2. Achieve universal primary education
Target 2.A Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling
2.1Net enrollment ratio in primary educationEducation
2.2Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primaryEducation
2.3Literacy rate of 15- to 24-year-olds, women and menEducation
Goal 3. Promote gender equality and empower women
Target 3.A Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015
3.1Ratio of girls to boys in primary, secondary, and tertiary educationEducation
3.2Share of women in wage employment in the nonagricultural sectorReal
3.3Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament
Goal 4. Reduce child mortality
Target 4.A Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate
4.1Under-five mortality ratePopulation
4.2Infant mortality ratePopulation
4.3Proportion of one-year-old children immunized against measlesHealth
Goal 5. Improve maternal health
Target 5.A Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate
5.1Maternal mortality ratioHealth
5.2Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnelHealth
Target 5.B Achieve, by 2015, universal access to reproductive health
5.3Contraceptive prevalence rateHealth
5.4Adolescent birth rateHealth
5.5Antenatal care coverage (at least one visit and at least four visits)Health
5.6Unmet need for family planningHealth
Goal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
Target 6.A Have halted by 2015, and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
6.1HIV prevalence among population aged 15- to 24-yearsHealth
6.2Condom use at last high-risk sexHealth
6.3Proportion of population aged 15- to 24-years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDSHealth
6.4Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10–14 yearsHealth
Target 6.B Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it
6.5Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugsHealth
Target 6.C Have halted by 2015, and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases
6.6Prevalence and death rates associated with malariaHealth
6.7Proportion of population under 5 sleeping under insecticide treated bednetsHealth
6.8Proportion of population under 5 with fever who are treated with appropriate anti-malarial drugsHealth
6.9Incidence, prevalence, and death rates associated with tuberculosisHealth
6.10Proportion of tuberculosis cases detected and cured under directly observed treatment short courseHealth
Goal 7. Ensure environmental sustainability
Target 7.A Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs and reverse the loss of environmental resources reverse
Target 7.B Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss
7.1Proportion of land area covered by forest
7.2CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP)
7.3Consumption of ozone-depleting substances
7.4Proportion of fish stocks within safe biological limits
7.5Proportion of total water resources used
7.6Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected
7.7Proportion of species threatened with extinction
Target 7.C Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
7.8Proportion of population using an improved drinking water sourceHealth
7.9Proportion of population using an improved sanitation facilityHealth
Target 7.D By 2020 to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers
7.10Proportion of urban population living in slums3
Goal 8. Develop a global partnership for development
Indicators for targets 8.A-8.D are given here in a combined list.
Target 8.A Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, nondiscriminatory trading and financial system Includes a commitment to good governance, development, and poverty reduction—both nationally and internationally
Target 8.B Address the special needs of the least developed countries Includes tariff and quota-free access for least developed countries’ exports; enhanced program of debt relief for HIPCs (heavily indebted poor countries), and cancellation of official bilateral debt; and more generous official development assistance (ODA) for countries committed to poverty reduction
Target 8.C Address the special needs of landlocked countries and small island developing states (through the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States and the outcome of the 22nd special session of the General Assembly)
Target 8.D Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries through national and international measures in order to make debt sustainable in the long term
Some indicators listed here are monitored separately for least developed countries (LDCs), Africa, landlocked developing countries, and small island developing states (SIDS).
Official Development Assistance (ODA)
8.1Net ODA, total and to LDCs, as percentage of OECD/Development Assistance Committee (DAC) donors’ gross national income (GNI)
8.2Proportion of total bilateral, sector-allocable ODA of OECD/DAC donors to basic social services (basic education, primary health care, nutrition, safe water and sanitation)
8.3Proportion of bilateral ODA of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
8.4ODA received in landlocked countries as proportion of their GNIs
8.5 ODA received in small island developing states as proportion of their GNIs
Market access
8.6Proportion of total developed country imports (by value and excluding arms) from developing countries and from LDCs, admitted free of duties
8.7Average tariffs imposed by developed countries on agricultural products and textiles and clothing from developing countries
8.8Agricultural support estimate for OECD countries as percentage of their GDP
8.9Proportion of ODA provided to help build trade capacity
Debt sustainability
8.10Total number of countries that have reached their Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative (HIPC) decision points and number that have reached their HIPC completion points (cumulative)
8.11Debt relief committed under HIPC and MDRI Initiatives
8.12Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services
Target 8.E In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
8.13Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis
Target 8.F In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications
8.14Fixed telephone lines per 100 inhabitants
8.15Mobile cellular subscriptions per 100 inhabitants
8.16Internet users per 100 inhabitants

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