Appendix 5. Reporting Data to the IMF for Redissemination on the IMF’s Website
- International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.
- Published Date:
- October 2013
A5.1 The IMF’s executive board in March 2000 approved the establishment of a common database for the collection of template data disseminated by SDDS-subscribing countries, and the redissemination of these data through the Fund’s external Website. The “Data Template on International Reserves and Foreign Currency Liquidity” Website has been operational since October 2000 and is accessible at http://www.imf.org/external/np/sta/ir/IRProcessWeb/index.aspx.
A5.2 Submission of reserves template data to the IMF is voluntary. Countries subscribing to the SDDS provide data to the IMF soon after they disseminate the data in their national media. For example, countries that provide monthly data report such data within one month of the reference date. Non-SDDS-subscribing countries also are encouraged to report their reserves template data for dissemination on this Website.
A5.3 The data are presented in a common format and in a common currency, thereby enhancing the comparability of the Reserves Data Template data among countries, facilitating access by market participants and other users, and fostering greater transparency. The common format developed by the IMF is shown in Appendix 2 of this document. The common currency is the U.S. dollar. Periodicity of data is generally monthly, and for some countries, weekly.
A5.4 In addition to current data, the IMF Reserves Data Template Website provides times series data (historical data) by country on official reserve assets, other foreign currency assets of the monetary authorities and the central government, and predetermined and contingent net drains on foreign currency assets. To facilitate viewing, printing, and downloading information, the data are available in html (hypertext markup language), pdf (portable document format), and csv (comma-separated values) formats. The Website is updated continuously, that is, data are disseminated as they are reported to the IMF after undergoing data consistency checks.
A5.5 To facilitate processing of the data for dissemination on the IMF’s Website, the IMF requests that countries transmit their data in specific reporting forms and follow certain accounting conventions. The notes below provide some guidance on such data reporting.
Reporting forms may be requested by sending an email to
Countries are encouraged to submit their Template data by e-mail to
Data are to be submitted in either an Excel spreadsheet or by using SDMX standards. Form R1.xls is used for reporting consolidated data pertaining to the monetary authorities and the central government. Form R1a.xls is used in cases where, for legal and institutional reasons, countries present separate data for the monetary authorities and the central government. The structure of the reporting templates in Excel is protected from alteration by reporting countries.
For data submitted using the Excel reporting forms, dropdown menus are to be used to select the country name, the month and year for which data are shown, and the currency and scale in which data are reported. “Day of the Month” is to be selected only if submitting weekly data.
Data revisions are reflected in both current and historical time series. Reporters are strongly encouraged to report back revisions in time series in addition to updating the current template. Time series data are available at http://www.imf.org/external/np/sta/ir/IRProcessWeb/topic.aspx (selected items for all countries who reported on the Reserves Data Template) and at http://www.imf.org/external/np/sta/ir/IRProcessWeb/colist.aspx (all Reserves Data Template items in time series format for an individual country—click on the name of an individual country, and then click on “Time Series Data”).
For items with a value of zero or near zero, the figure “0” should be entered. For items not applicable, the cells should be left blank.
Inflows of foreign exchange should be reported as positive amounts. Outflows of foreign exchange should be reported as negative amounts, using a minus (–) sign.
Countries are encouraged to provide additional information, such as country-specific exchange rate arrangements (e.g., the operation of a currency board or the implementation of dollarization), major sources of funding of reserve assets shown in Section I.A. of the Template, accounting treatment of certain financial transactions, information on pooled asset schemes, and specific treatment of the country’s financial transactions. The information is to be provided in text form, with the extension “txt” and marked “Country Notes.” The country notes are to be sent with the data submission (see also paragraph 42 of this document). Under the Reserves Data Template’s “stress test,” information on the value of “in-the-money” options can also be reported in the form of a graph.
Item IV.(2), currency composition of reserves, should be disclosed at least once a year. Further, the amounts reported should be expressed as the value (and not as percentages) of reserve assets that are held in currencies in the SDR basket, and that are held in currencies that are not in the SDR basket. For this purpose, gold, SDRs, and Reserve Position in the Fund (RPF), should be considered to be denominated in SDR basket currencies. The total value of reserve assets held in SDR and non-SDR basket currencies shown in item IV.(2) should equal the amount shown in item I.A. Countries that want to disclose the composition by individual currency can do so by providing the information in the country notes (see item (8) above).
To enhance data transparency, paragraph 84 (see Chapter 2 of this document) calls for the disclosure of the accounting treatment adopted by countries in the reporting of repos, securities lending, and related transactions. Detailed information of such accounting treatment is to be provided in country notes accompanying the data. In addition, to ensure data consistency across countries and to enhance the analytical usefulness of the information, item IV.(1)(d), “securities lent or on repo,” is to be reported with the following sign conventions: minus (–) signs for securities “lent or repoed and included in Section I” and “lent or repoed but not included in Section I,” and plus (+) signs for “borrowed or acquired and included in Section I” and “borrowed or acquired but not included in Section I.”
As noted in paragraph 255 (see Chapter 5 of this document), gold swaps are to be treated similarly to repos. The gold that is swapped should be included, as appropriately, among securities lent or repoed in item IV.(1)(d). Gold swaps are also to be disclosed in country notes.