Back Matter

Back Matter

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund
Published Date:
December 2011
    Share
    • ShareShare
    Show Summary Details

    Index

    A

    Accounting principles

    • aggregation, 8.3, 8.6, 8.9

    • consolidation, 2.154–2.157, 8.1–8.32

    • currency conversion, 2.141–2.142

    • currency of denomination, 2.146–2.148

    • currency of settlement, 2.147–2.148

    • maturity, 2.149–2.153

    • time of recording, 2.103–2.111

    • unit of account, 2.139–2.140

    • valuation, 2.115–2.123

      • of insurance, pension, and standardized guarantee schemes, 2.135–2.138

      • of nontraded debt instruments, 2.124–2.131

      • of traded debt securities, 2.132–2.134

    Accounts payable/receivable. See Other accounts payable/receivable.

    Accrual accounting. See Accrual basis of recording.

    Accrual basis of recording, 2.103–2.111, 2.159. See also Accrual of interest.

    • and arrears, 2.113, 5.42

    • and the assumption of guaranteed debt, 4.26

    • definition, 2.103

    • of MDRI debt relief, 4.74

    • of nonlife insurance premiums, 3.49

    Accrual of interest, 2.10, 2.109–2.111, 2.158–2.179, 5.44, A2.3

    • and remuneration payable on the basis of IMF members’ reserve tranche position, 4.159

    • exchange rate for the, 2.142

    • nominal value and, 2.124, 2.130

    • of debt securities issued at a discount/premium, 2.164–2.166, Box 2.3, A2.9

    • on arrears, 5.45

    • on assumed debt, 4.26

    • on debt securities with embedded derivatives, 2.175

    • on financial leases, 2.179, 4.91–4.95, Box 4.11

    • on index-linked debt securities, 2.167–2.174

    • on nonperforming debt/loans, 2.176–2.178

    Activation of a one-off guarantee. See One-off guarantees, activation of.

    Agency to manage bailout operations, 4.112, 4.117. See also Restructuring agencies and Special purpose entities.

    Agreed minute, 4.64, 10.128, 10.196

    ALM. See Asset-liability management.

    Amortization of debt liabilities resulting from on-lending of borrowed funds, 4.146–4.148

    • of discount/premium of deep-discount and zero-coupon bonds and accrued interest, 2.133, 2.164–2.166, Box 2.4

    • schedules, 4.74, 9.19. See also Debt-service payment schedules.

    • tables, 6.43, 10.201

    Ancillary activity, 2.31

    • definition, Chapter 2 footnote 22 Ancillary unit, 4.80

    Annuities entitlements. See Life insurance and annuities entitlements.

    Arrears and the accrual principle, 2.113, 2.177, 5.44

    • and the debt-service payment schedule, 5.33

    • definition, 2.112

    • interest on, 5.45

    • interest that has accrued and is in, 2.108

    • nominal value of, 2.130

    • other charges on, 5.45

    • overview of, 2.112–2.114

    • presentation of statistics on, 5.11, 5.42–5.46, Table 5.9, 6.42

    • refinancing of, 4.41

    • rescheduling of, 4.38–4.39

    • technical, 4.65

    Article IV consultation between the IMF and a member, Chapter 10 footnote 33.

    Asset-backed securities definition, 3.36

    • securitization and, 4.101

    Asset-liability management (ALM), 6.63, 10.90, 10.95, 10.184

    Assumption of pension liabilities. See Debt arising from government’s assumption of pension liabilities.

    Assumption of risk and economic ownership, 3.4, 3.40–3.42, 4.87–4.90, 4.103, 4.107, 4.122–4.126

    • by restructuring agencies, 2.62–2.63

    • by special purpose entities, 2.65

    Average interest rate calculation of, 5.56–5.59

    • definition, 5.57

    Average maturity. See Average time to maturity.

    Average time to maturity, definition, Chapter 9 footnote 17

    Average time to refixing, definition, Chapter 9 footnote 18

    B

    Bailout operations. See Debt arising from bailout operations.

    Balance sheet assets and liabilities excluded from the balance sheet, 3.11

    • data source for compilation of debt statistics, 6.19, Table 6.1, 6.26–6.31, 6.38

    • debt liabilities and the, 1.2, 2.4, 3.1, 3.14, Table 3.1

    • definition, 3.2

    • exchange rate to be used for currency conversion, 2.141, Chapter 2 footnote 58

    • overview of, 3.2–3.13

    • recording of pension entitlements of unfunded government pension schemes in the, 2.81

    • recording of SDR holdings and allocations on the, 3.21–3.23, 4.163–4.165, Chapter 6 footnote 9

    • structure of a government finance statistics (GFS), 3.15, Table 3.1

    • stock positions recorded in the, A2.12–2.13

    • supplement information and memorandum items to the, 2.80, Chapter 3 footnote 26, 4.3

    • valuation of financial assets and liabilities on the reporting date of the, 2.115, 2.118

    Bank for International Settlements, 10.4–10.14

    Banker’s acceptance, 3.28, 4.6

    • definition, 3.30

    Bilateral rescheduling agreements, 4.38, 4.64–4.65, 10.123–10.134

    Bills, 2.110, 2.132, 3.28, 7.1, A2.9

    • definition, 3.29

    BIS. See Bank for International Settlements.

    Bonds convertible into equity, 3.35, 5.35. See also Swaps.

    • deep-discounted and zero-coupon, 2.110, 2.164, 3.37, 5.57, 7.11

    • definition, 3.31

    • overview and description of, 3.28, 3.31–3.33

    • valuation of, 2.121, 2.132–2.133, A2.9

    • with an embedded option, 5.34, 5.35

    Brass plate companies, residence of, 2.97

    Budgetary, 2.25–2.32

    • central government 2.25–2.26, 2.35

      • definition, 2.26

    • state/local government, 2.26

    Buybacks. See Debt buybacks.

    C

    Cancellation of debt by mutual agreement. See Debt forgiveness.

    Captive financial institutions, 2.55

    CBDMS. See Computer-based debt management system.

    CDOs. See Collateralized debt obligations.

    CDS. See Swaps, credit default.

    Center of predominant economic interest, 2.95

    Central bank, 2.52–2.53

    • as depository for IMF holdings of a member’s currency, 4.150

    • classification of currency issued by, 3.25

    • currency union, 2.99, Chapter 2 footnote 39

    • definition, 2.52

    • general government sector plus, 2.56

    • implicit contingent liabilities of, 4.21

    • on-lending of borrowed funds from IMF to other public sector units, 4.74, 4.158. See also On-lending of borrowed funds.

    • SDRs held by the, 4.163–4.164

    Central borrowing authority, 2.32

    Central compiling agency, 6.5–6.6, 6.8, 6.10, 6.13, 6.24–6.25, 6.41

    Central government public sector, 2.56

    Central government subsector, 2.23, 2.26, 2.34–2.36

    • consolidation of, 2.156, 8.4, 8.17–8.32

    • definition, 2.34

    Central government. See Central government subsector CIRR. See Commercial Interest Reference Rate.

    Claims of pension funds on pension manager, 3.60–3.61

    Clean price, 2.119, 10.191. See also Dirty price.

    Collateralized debt obligations, 3.36. See also Asset-backed securities.

    Collateralized loan, 3.41, 3.43

    Commercial Interest Reference Rate (CIRR), 4.83

    Commercial paper, 3.28–3.29, 10.109, 10.168

    Commitment fee, Table 6.2, 6.50 Commodities, as a debt repayment, 2.128–2.129 Commonwealth Secretariat, 10.15–10.31

    • Debt Recording and Management System (CS-DRMS), 10.162–10.187

    Completion point, 4.68–4.70, 4.72

    Compound interest, interest cost accrual, 2.161, 2.163, Box 2.3

    Computer-based debt management system, 6.55

    Concessionality. See Debt concessionality.

    Consolidation debtor-creditor relationships needed for, 3.67

    • definition, 2.154, 8.3

    • effects of, 8.7–8.10

    • guidelines for, conceptual, 8.14–8.21

      • practical, 8.26–8.31

    • how to, 8.32, Table 8.2

    • of international banking statistics, 10.5–10.7

    • of on-lent funds, 4.145, 6.31

    • of sinking funds, 8.22–8.25

    • overview of, 2.154–2.157

    • period, Table 6.2, 10.126

    • reasons for consolidating statistics, 8.11–8.13

    • types of, 2.156, 8.4

    • vs. aggregation, 8.5–8.6

    Contingencies. See Contingent liabilities.

    Contingent assets, 3.11. See also Contingent liabilities.

    Contingent liabilities and fiscal risk, 4.3, 9.22–9.23, 9.28–9.29

    • and the balance sheet, 3.11, 3.14

    • compared with liabilities, Chapter 4 footnotes 2 and 3

    • definition, 4.5

    • definition of debt and, 2.9

    • measuring of, 4.23–4.24, Box 4.1

    • presentation of statistics on, explicit contingent liabilities and net obligations for social security benefits, 5.49, 5.53–5.54, Table 5.12

      • publicly guaranteed debt, 5.11, Table 5.1, 5.36–5.41, Tables 5.8a and 5.8b

    • typology of, 4.3–4.26, Figure 4.1

    Contracts, leases, and licenses, 3.13, 4.90

    Control. See Indicators of control by a government unit.

    Convertible bond, 3.28, 3.33, 3.35, 5.35

    Corporations definition, 2.19

    Cost-risk analysis, 9.16 – 9.17, Box 9.3, 10.26, 10.92

    Counterparty. See also Identifying the holders of traded debt securities.

    • classification by institutional sector, 3.67–3.71

    • to SDR holdings and allocations, 4.161, 8.19,

    Country Policy and Institutional Assessment (CPIA) Index, 9.11

    Coupon payments, 2.160, 2.163, 2.165, 3.32, 3.37

    • backed by specific assets or future revenue streams, 4.102, 4.104, 4.107

    • indexed-linked, 2.148, 2.167–2.174, 3.38, 5.24

    Credit and loans from the IMF, 4.156–4.158

    Credit availability guarantees, 4.17, 4.24

    Credit derivatives, 4.102

    Credit guarantees, 4.17, 4.24

    Credit risk, transfer of, 4.103, 4.107, 10.5–10.6

    CS-DRMS. See Commonwealth Secretariat—Debt Recording and Management System.

    Currency definition, 3.25

    • destruction of, A2.8

    • domestic and foreign, 2.143–2.145

    • indexed to foreign currency, 2.174

    • linked instruments, 2.148

    • of conversion, 2.141–2.142

    • of denomination, 2.146–2.148

      • definition, 2.146

    • of settlement, 2.147–2.148

    • unit of account, 2.130–2.140

      • swaps, 4.128, Box 4.17

    • valuation of, 2.124

    Currency union, 2.99, 2.143, 2.145

    • central bank, 2.99, Chapter 2 footnote 39

    • cutoff date, for debt reorganization, 10.129, 10.138

    D

    Data compilation, 6.1–6.57

    • data sources for, 6.18–6.40

      • balance sheet, 6.26–6.31

      • debt office, 6.23–6.25

      • other sources, 6.39–6.40

      • questionnaires and periodic surveys, 6.32–6.38

    Debentures, 2.132, 3.28, 7.1

    • definition, 3.31

    Debt arising from bailout operations classification of unit established to manage bailout, 4.117

    • description of, 4.109–4.112, 9.22

    • statistical treatment of, 4.113–4.118, Box 4.13

    Debt arising from government’s assumption of pension liabilities, 4.136–4.138

    Debt arising from off-market swaps. See also Off-market swaps.

    • description of, 4.127–4.128

    • statistical treatment of, 4.129–4.131, Box 4.17

    Debt arising from public-private partnerships (PPPs). See also Public-private partnerships.

    • description of, 4.119–4.122

    • statistical treatment of, 4.123–4.126, Box 4.16

    Debt arising from unfunded public sector employer pension schemes. See also Unfunded nonautonomous pension schemes.

    • description of, 4.132–4.133

    • statistical treatment of unfunded nonautonomous pension schemes, 4.134–4.135, Box 4.18

    Debt assumption and reconciliation of debt stocks and flows, A2.18

    • and reconciliation of opening and closing balance sheet values of publicly guaranteed debt, 5.40–5.41, 6.53

    • as a bailout intervention, 4.110

    • as a transaction, A2.4

    • definition, 4.56

    • description of, 4.16, 4.25, 4.30, 4.56

    • of nonperforming debt, 2.178

    • statistical treatment of, 4.26, Table 4.1, 4.57, Box 4.7

    Debt buybacks, 4.30, 6.53, 10.20, 10.137, 10.180, 10.197, 10.204.

    • See also Debt prepayments.

    Debt cancellation. See Debt forgiveness.

    Debt concessionality, 4.38, 4.47, 4.79, 4.156, 5.56

    • and debt sustainability analysis, Box 9.2, 9.7, 9.19

    • overview of, 4.81–4.86

    Debt conversion, 3.35, 4.30, 5.35

    • definition and description of, 4.48–4.51

    • statistical treatment of, Table 4.1, 4.52, Box 4.5

    Debt defeasance, 2.61

    • definition and description of, 4.80

    Debt distress, 9.7–9.12

    Debt forgiveness arrears and, 2.113

    • compared with debt write-off/write-down, 4.76

    • compiling information on, 6.53

    • definition, 4.33

    • description of, 4.30–4.31, 4.33

    • international initiatives that involve, 4.71, 4.74

    • debt prepayment that involves, 4.54–4.55

    • debt refinancing that involves, 4.43

    • debt rescheduling that involves, 4.38

    • nominal value of debt and, 2.124

    • statistical treatment of, Table 4.1, 4.34–4.36, Box 4.2

    Debt instruments, 2.3, 3.7

    • average interest rates on, 5.56–5.59

    • classification by type of, 5.11, Table 5.1, Table 5.2, 5.15, Table 5.3, 5.29, Table 5.7, 5.43, 5.46, Table 5.9

    • counterparties to, 3.67–3.71

    • definition, 2.3

    • financial assets corresponding to, 2.13, 2.14, Table 2.1, Table 3.1, 5.12–5.14

    • for the purpose of the Excessive Deficit Procedure (EDP), Chapter 10 footnote 17

    • included in the definition of debt, 2.3, 2.7, 2.11, 2.107, Table 3.1, A1.2

    • identification and classification of, 3.17–3.66

    • information that should be collected for each, 6.41–6.57, Table 6.2

    • interest accruing on, 2.108–2.111, 2.158–2.179 maturity of, 2.149–2.153

    • possible data sources by, 6.21–6.40, Table 6.1

    • to be consolidated, 8.14–8.21, 8.26–8.31

    • valuation of, 2.115–2.122, A1.5

      • insurance, pension, and standardized guarantee schemes, 2.135–2.138

      • nontraded, 2.124–2.131

      • traded, 2.132–2.134

    Debt liabilities. See Gross debt and Debt Instruments.

    Debt liability in arrears, 2.112–2.113, 5.42–5.46, 6.50

    • definition, 2.113

    Debt net of highly liquid assets definition, 5.14

    Debt office, functions of the, 6.58–6.63

    Debt payments on behalf of others definition and description of, 4.58

    • statistical treatment of, Table 4.1, 4.59–4.61, Box 4.8

    Debt positions and related flows with the IMF, 4.149–4.165

    Debt prepayment, 4.30, 6.53, 10.134, 10.183, 10.197, 10.204

    • definition and description of, 4.53

    • statistical treatment of, 4.54–4.35, Box 4.6

    Debt presentation tables, 5.1–5.55

    • detailed tables debt-service payment schedules of gross outstanding debt, Table 5.7, 5.28–5.35

    • gross debt by currency of denomination and maturity, Table 5.4, 5.18–5.19

    • gross debt by maturity and type of debt instrument, Table 5.3, 5.15–5.17

    • gross debt by residence of the creditor and by, 5.27

      • type of debt instrument, Table 5.6a

      • type of institutional sector of the creditor, Table 5.6b

      • currency of denomination, Table 5.6c

    • gross debt by type of interest rate and currency of denomination, Table 5.5, 5.20–5.26

    memorandum tables arrears by type of arrears and type of debt instrument, Table 5.9, 5.42–5.46

    • average interest rates by original maturity and type of debt instrument, Table 5.13, 5.55–5.59

    • financial derivatives position, Table 5.11, 5.50–5.52

    • publicly guaranteed debt by maturity and type of debt instrument, Tables 5.8a and 5.8b, 5.36–5.41

    • reconciliation of market and nominal value of debt securities by type of residence and type of institutional sector of the creditor, Table 5.10, 5.47–5.48

    • total explicit contingent liabilities and net obligations for future social security benefits, Table 5.12, 5.53–5.54

    • overview of, 5.5–5.9

    • summary tables gross debt, Table 5.1, 5.10–5.11

      • gross and net debt, Table 5.2, 5.12–5.14

    Debt refinancing, 4.30, 4.71, 6.53, 10.175, 10.181, 10.183, 10.197

    • definition and description of, 4.37, 4.41

    • statistical treatment of, Table 4.1, 4.42–4.47, Box 4.4

    Debt relief from IDA and AfDF, 4.73–4.74

    • from IMF’s HIPC and MDRI Trusts, 4.72–4.74, 10.175

    Debt reorganization, 6.53, 10.188, 10.192, 10.196–10.197, 10.206, 10.208

    • and debt payments on behalf of others, 4.58

    • definition and summary of types of, 4.27–4.32

    • Paris Club debt reorganization arrangements, 4.83–4.86

    • summary of statistical treatment of various types of, Table 4.1

    Debt repayment. See also Debt-service payments.

    • arrears on, 2.177

    • capacity, Box 9.2

    • extending period of, 4.38

    • of principal by guarantor, 4.26, 4.56

    • under debt relief from IMF’s HIPC and MDRI Trusts, 4.74

    Debt repudiation, 4.75

    Debt rescheduling, 4.30–4.31, 4.71, 6.53, 10.197, 10.204

    • debt service moratorium extend by creditors and, 4.67

    • definition and description of, 4.37–4.38

    • Paris Club arrangements for, 4.63–4.65, 4.86, 10.123, 10.125–10.126, 10.130

    • statistical treatment of, Table 4.1, 4.39–4.40, Box 4.3

    Debt restructuring. See Debt reorganization.

    Debt securities average interest rates for, 5.57–5.58

    • BIS statistics on international, 10.12–10.14

    • clean and dirty prices of, 2.119

    • data sources for, 6.23, 6.35, 6.41–6.57

    • definition, 3.28

    • interest on debt securities issued at a discount/premium, 2.164–2.166, Box 2.3

      • debt securities with embedded derivatives, 2.175, 5.34–5.35

      • debt securities with known cash flows, 2.162–2.166

      • indexed-linked, 2.167–2.174

    • issued with securitization, 4.101–4.108

    • issues in identification of counterparties of traded. See Identifying the holders of traded debt securities.

    • overview and description of, 3.28–3.38

    • reconciliation of market and nominal value of, 5.47–5.48, Table 5.10

    • sovereign issuer of, 2.57

    • valuation of, 2.115–2.116, 2.132–2.134, 5.3, A1.5

    Debt sustainability analysis (DSA), 2.117, 9.2–9.15, 10.7, 10.11, 10.26, 10.68, 10.151, 10.174

    Debt swap. See Debt conversion.

    Debt write-downs. See Debt write-offs.

    Debt write-offs compared with debt reorganization and forgiveness, 4.29, 4.33

    • definition and description of, 4.75

    • statistical treatment of, 4.76–4.78, Box 4.9

    Debt. See Gross debt and Net debt.

    Debtor approach to interest calculation, 2.162, Box 2.4

    Debt-service moratorium, 4.66–4.67, 10.128

    • definition, 4.66

    Debt-service payment schedules, 2.153, 5.6, 5.28–5.35, Table 5.7, 6.30

    Debt-service payments, 2.10, 2.160, 4.28, 4.37–4.38, 4.80, 6.43, 6.46–6.47, 6.50–6.52, 5.39, 9.19, 10.169, 10.203–10.205. See also Debt service moratorium.

    • falling due between Paris Club Agreed Minute and specified implementation date, 4.64–4.65

    • in arrears, 2.112–2.113, 5.42–5.46

    • in the assessment of sustainability, Box 9.2

    • schedule, 2.153, 5.6, 5.28–5.35, Table 5.7, 6.30

    Decentralized agencies. See Extrabudgetary.

    Decision point, 4.68–4.70

    Deep-discount bonds accrual of interest on, 2.110, 2.121, 5.57

    • definition, 3.32

    • valuation of, 2.121, 2.133

    Default rate of a pool of similar guarantees, 3.62, 4.12–4.13

    Defined-benefit pension schemes, 2.82, 3.54, 5.25

    • valuation of, 2.136

    Defined-contribution pension schemes, 2.82, 3.54, 5.25

    • valuation of, 2.136

    Deposit guarantees, 3.62

    Depository for the IMF’s holdings of member’s currency, 4.150

    Deposits consolidation of, 2.155, 8.21, 8.29, 8.31

    • definition, 3.26

    • exchange of gold for foreign exchange, 3.43

    • liabilities in the form of, 2.51, 2.54, 3.26

    • monetary gold in the form of unallocated gold accounts, 3.12

    • overview and description of, 3.26–3.27

    • payable on demand, 5.33

    • payments in the form of, 2.11

    • transferable and nontransferable, 3.27

    • valuation of, 2.124, 2.126

    Derivatives. See Financial derivatives.

    Dirty price, 2.119, 10.191. See also Clean price.

    Discounts on issue of bonds and bills. See Accrual of interest, Deep-discount bonds, and Zero-coupon bonds.

    Dissemination of public sector debt statistics, 6.15–6.17. See also

    Debt presentation tables. DMFAS. See United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)—Debt management and financial analysis system (DMFAS).

    Domestic currency, 2.140–2.144, 2.174

    • debt denominated in, 2.146

    • debt settled in, 2.147–2.148

    • definition, 2.143

    • unit, 2.140

    Domestic debt and on-lending of borrowed funds, 4.139–4.148, 6.31

    • and the debt sustainability framework for low-income countries, 9.10

    • arising from IMF borrowing by central bank passed on to government, 4.158

    • debt office and, 6.58–6.63, Table 6.3

    • definition, 2.5

    • holders of traded debt securities, 7.31–7.33, 7.50–7.51

    DSA. See Debt sustainability analysis.

    E

    ECB. See European Central Bank.

    Economic assets, 3.14, 4.90. A2.13

    • definition, 3.4

    • future revenue not recognized as, 3.36, 4.102–4.103, 4.106, 4.108

    Economic owner definition, 4.123

    • of assets under financial leases, 4.87–4.89,

    • of assets under operating leases, 4.90

    • of assets under public-private partnerships, 4.121–4.126, Box 4.14, Box 4.15

    • of securities under repurchase agreements, 3.41, 3.71, 7.11, 7.19

    Economic ownership. See also Economic owner.

    • change date, 2.106

    • enforcement of rights of, 3.4

    Economic territory, 2.59, 2.95–2.96, 2.98

    Economically significant prices, 2.19, 2.48, 2.58, 2.74

    Economy definition, 2.96

    EDP (Excessive Deficit Procedure) debt. See Maastricht debt of the European Union.

    Effective financial claim, 4.25, 4.57, Chapter 4 footnote 19, 4.59–4.61, 4.113, 4.139, 4.141, 5.40

    Embedded derivatives accrual of interest on debt securities with, 2.175

    • instruments with, 3.33, 4.107, 5.34–5.35, 10.20, 10.175, 10.180, 10.183

    Employee stock options. See Financial derivatives and employee stock options.

    Environmental liabilities, 3.11, 4.21

    Equity and investment fund shares, 2.107, 3.6–3.7, 3.9. See also Debt-for-equity swaps.

    • and the definition of debt, 2.4, 2.6, 3.14, A1.2, A2.15

    European Central Bank (ECB), 10.32–10.55

    European Union, statistics on the Excessive Deficit Procedure (EDP). See Maastricht debt of the European Union.

    Eurostat, 10.56–10.67

    • Practical applications of the economic ownership concept, Box 4.15

    • Practical guidance for publicly guaranteed debt, Chapter 4 footnote 8

    Exchange definition, A2.5

    Exchange rate changes, A2.9, A2.16

    • and nominal value, 2.120

      • for conversion of debt in a multiple exchange rate system, Chapter 2 footnote 58

      • for currency conversion of stock positions, 2.141, 2.174

      • for currency conversion of transactions, 2.142, 2.174

      • used for projection of future debt-service payment schedule, 5.30

      Ex-dividend, 2.107

      Explicit contingent liabilities definition, 4.7

      • presentation of statistics on, 5.36–5.41, Tables 5.8a and 5.8b, 5.49, 5.53–5.54, Table 5.12, 9.29

      • typology of, 4.8–4.20 Export credit guarantees, 3.62, 4.63, 9.13, 10.123, 10.126

      External debt and on-lending of borrowed funds, 4.139–4.148, 6.31

      • and the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative, 4.68–4.71

      • and the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative, 4.72–4.74

      • cross-checking with, 6.10

      • debt burden thresholds, 9.9–9.12, Table 9.1

      • debt conversions of, 4.50

      • debt office and, 6.58–6.63, Table 6.3

      • definition, 2.5

      • locational banking statistics of the BIS providing information for, 10.10–10.11

      • relationship between public sector debt and, A1.1–A1.7

      • resulting from IMF borrowing by central bank, 4.158

      • statistics as a source for identifying holders of traded debt securities, 7.8, 7.20

      • sustainability analysis, 9.2–9.15, Box 9.2

      • unit of account of, 2.139–2.140

      Extrabudgetary, 2.25–2.32, 2.35, 2.74, 2.92, 8.22

      • definition, 2.27

      • source data for, 6.26–6.29, 6.32

    F

    Face value definition, 2.121

    • nominal value and, 2.120, 5.61

    Fair value definition, 2.122

    • of nonperforming loans, deposits, and other accounts payable/receivable, 2.125–2.126

    • use of, in determining the type of lease, 4.89

    Financial assets. See also Liabilities.

    • corresponding to debt instruments, 1.2, 2.13, Table 2.1, 5.12–5.14, A2.13–A2.14, A2.17

      • classification of, 3.16–3.66

      • consolidation of, 2.155, 8.14–8.32

      • denominated in foreign currencies, 2.141

      • valuation of, 2.115–2.138

    • definition, 3.6

    • included in the calculation of net debt. See Financial assets corresponding to debt instruments.

    • overview and description of, 3.5–3.12

    • source data for, 6.27, 6.35, 6.38

    Financial auxiliaries, 2.55

    Financial claims, 2.3, 3.8. See also Effective financial claim.

    • definition, 3.6

    • remove from the balance sheet, A2.8

    Financial corporations sector, 2.15, 2.19. See also Public financial corporations subsector.

    Financial derivatives and off-market swaps, 4.127–4.131

    • and the definition of debt, 2.4, 2.6, 3.14, A1.2

    • as financial instruments, 3.6–3.7

    • guarantees in the form of, 4.11

    • presentation of statistics on, 5.7, 5.49–5.52, Table 5.11

    • source of data on, 6.54, Table 6.2

    Financial derivatives and employee stock options. See Financial derivatives.

    Financial lease, 3.8, 3.39–3.40. See also Debt arising from financial leases.

    • compared with other types of leases, 4.90

    • definition, Chapter 3 footnote 18, 4.87

    • imputed, for public-private partnerships, 4.125, Box 4.15

    • interest on, 2.179

    • situations that would lead to a, 4.88–4.89

    • statistical treatment of debt arising from, 4.91–4.95

    Financial supervisory authorities, 2.52, 2.55

    Fiscal agency to conduct financial transactions with the IMF, 4.150

    Fiscal risks analysis of, 9.21–9.29

    • and contingent liabilities, 4.3

    • definition, 9.21

    • statement of, 9.23–9.26

    Fixed-rate instruments average interest rate of, 5.58

    • nominal value of, 2.120

    • classification by type of interest rate, 5.20–5.26, Table 5.5

    Foreign currency, 2.139–2.148

    • definition, 2.143

    • coupon and interest payments indexed to, 2.174

    • data requirements for debt in, 6.52

    Foreign exchange reserves, 2.52, 3.22, 4.152, 4.154–4.156

    Foreign-controlled nonfinancial corporations, 2.16

    Future obligations for social security benefits. See Net obligations for future social security benefits.

    G

    GDDS. See General Data Dissemination System.

    General corporate policy, 2.17

    General Data Dissemination System (GDDS), 5.1, 6.16, 10.71–10.72, 10.80, 10.172

    General government sector, 2.15

    • definition, 2.18

    • plus the central bank, 2.56

    • subsectors of, 2.16, 2.21–2.46, Figure 2.3

    GFSM. See Government Finance Statistics Manual.

    Global note facilities (GNFs), 4.17

    Going concern, 4.57, Chapter 4 footnote 19

    Gold bullion. See Monetary gold

    Government debt office. See Debt office.

    Government Finance Statistics Manual, relationship with, 1.3, 1.5, 2.3–2.4, 3.14–3.16

    Government units budgetary entities that are, 2.25–2.26

    • central bank passing on proceeds of IMF borrowing to, 4.158

    • classified by level of government, 2.22–2.24, 2.34–2.46

    • consolidation of general, 2.154–2.157, 8.1–8.32

    • corporations controlled by, 2.17, 2.19

    • definition, 2.18

    • extrabudgetary entities that are, 2.27–2.32

    • joint ventures of, 2.68–2.72

    • net obligations for future social security benefits of, 5.54

    • nonmarket NPIs controlled by, 2.18

    • nonmarket producers controlled by another, 2.30

    • pension schemes of, 2.77–2.85

    • provident funds of, 2.86–2.89

    • quasi-corporations of, 2.59–2.60

    • restructuring agencies of, 2.61–2.63

    • sinking funds of, 2.73–2.76, 8.22–8.25

    • sovereign wealth funds of, 2.90–2.93 special purpose entities of, 2.64–2.67

    • transfer between two, Chapter 4 footnote 14

    • unfunded nonautomous employer pension schemes of, 4.132–4.135

    Gross debt and accrued interest, 2.108

    • and Maastricht debt, 5.61, Chapter 10 footnote 16

    • and SDR allocations, 3.23, 4.162

    • at market value, 5.3

    • attributed to the guarantor, 2.9, 2.114, 2.136, 2.178, 3.14, 3.62, 4.12, 4.14–4.18, 4.25–4.26, Box 4.1, 4.56, 5.38–5.39, 5.41, A2.4

    • definition, 2.3

    • historical data on issuance of, 5.55

    • main data sources for, 6.18–6.40

    • narrower definitions of, 2.7

    • of public financial corporations, 2.50

    • of sinking funds, 8.25

    • summary of, 5.10–5.13

    • sustainability analysis, 9.2–9.15, Box 9.2

    Gross debt at market value definition, 5.3

    Guaranteed public sector debt. See Loans and other debt instrument guarantees.

    Guarantees, 4.8–4.20. See also Loans and other debt instrument guarantees, Publicly guaranteed debt, and Standardized guarantees.

    • extended as part of bailout operations, 4.111, 4.115

    H

    Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative, 4.62, 4.68–4.71, 10.30–10.33

    • and the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative (MDRI), 4.72–4.74

    Holding gains and losses and currency of denomination, 2.146, 5.18, 10.52

    • arising from indexed-linked debt securities, 2.172–2.174

    • calculation of, A2.10–A2.11

    • definition, A2.9

    • overview and description of, A2.9–A2.11

    Households sector, 2.15

    I

    Identifying the holders of traded debt securities, 7.1–7.53

    • from whom-to-whom framework, 7.25–7.30

    • selected country practices, 7.31–7.53

    • sources of data on holders of public sector securities, 7.2–7.22

    IFMIS. See Integrated financial management information system.

    IMF. See International Monetary Fund.

    Implicit contingent liabilities, 2.58, 4.20–4.22, 5.40, 5.54, Table 5.12, 9.22, 9.29

    • definition, 4.7

    • examples of, 4.21

    Imputed loan under a financial lease, 3.8, 3.40, 4.92, 4.125

    • interest on, 2.179

    Index-linked securities, 2.161

    • accrual of interest on, 2.167–2.174

    • classification by type of interest rate, 5.24

    • definition, 3.38

    Indicators of control by government of a corporation, 2.17

    • a joint venture, 2.71

    • a nonprofit institution (NPI), 2.18

    Institutional sectors classification of the counterparty by, 3.67–3.71, 5.27, Table 5.6b, 7.20, 7.26, 7.36–7.38

    • of an economy, 2.15

    Institutional units definition, Box 2.1

    • overview and description of, 2.15–2.19

    Insurance corporation, 2.55, 2.83

    • pension fund of public sector unit managed on behalf of public sector unit by a, 3.55, 4.132

    • reserves of, 3.50

    • standardized guarantees provided by a, 3.63

    Integrated financial management information system (IFMIS), 6.51,10.176, 10.215

    Interest accrual of, 2.11, 2.107–2.114, 2.127, 2.129–2.130, 2.158–2.179, 4.159

    • on SDRs, 4.162, 4.165, Chapter 9 footnote 9

    • arrears, 2.8, 2.112–2.114, 5.42–5.46, 6.42

      • rescheduling of, 4.39

    • calculation of compound, Box 2.3

    • currency conversion of transactions in, 2.142

    • definition, 2.10, 2.158

    • indexed-linked securities and, 2.167–2.174, 5.23–5.24

    • on debt that is linked to credit rating of another borrower, 5.22

    Interest payments, and interest accrued, 2.10, 2.160

    • arrears in, 2.8, 2.113, 5.42–5.44

    • cancellation of future, 4.33

    • not made when due. See Interest payments, arrears in.

    Interest rate. See also Fixed-rate instruments and Variable-rate instruments.

    • accruing on arrears, 2.177, 5.45

    • and debt concessionality, 4.81, 4.84, 4.86

    • and market value, 2.118, Box 2.2, 2.175, 5.47, A2.9

    • and nominal value, 2.120 average. See Average interest rate.

    • data requirements on, 6.52

    • for projection of debt-service payment schedule, 5.30

    • gross debt by type of, 5.20–5.26, Table 5.5

    • swap, 4.128

    International Monetary Fund (IMF), 10.68–10.100. See also Stock positions and related flows with the IMF.

    • debt relief from the HPIC and MDRI Trusts of the, 4.74

    • debt sustainability analysis (DSA). See Debt sustainability analysis.

    • international reserve assets created by, 3.21

    • liabilities to the, 3.39

    • number 2 Account, 4.160

    • public sector debt management, 10.86–10.100

    • public sector debt statistics and government finance statistics, 10.69–10.82

    • public sector debt surveillance, 10.84–10.85

    International organizations, 2.98–2.101

    • classification of, 3.69

    • currency issued by, 2.145

    • definition, Chapter 2 footnote 38

    International reserve assets. See Reserve assets.

    International securities identification number (ISIN), Box 7.1

    Intersectoral consolidation, 8.4, 8.18, Table 8.1, 8.21–8.22, 8.25, 8.28–8.29, 8.31–8.32

    • definition, 8.4

    Intrasectoral consolidation, 8.4, 8.18, Table 8.1, 8.21–8.22, 8.25, 8.28–8.29, 8.31–8.32

    • definition, 8.3

    ISIN. See International securities identification number.

    J

    Joint operating arrangements, 2.72

    Joint ventures, 2.68–2.72. See also Public-private partnerships.

    • definition, 2.69

    Jointly controlled assets. See Joint operating arrangements.

    Jointly controlled operations. See Joint operating arrangements.

    L

    Late interest, 5.45

    Legal owner definition, 4.123

    • of asset under a financial lease, 4.87–4.88, 4.90

    • of asset under a public-private partnership (PPP), 4.123

    • of securities under a securities repurchase agreement, 3.41, 3.42, 3.71, 7.11

    Letters of credit, 3.11, 4.17

    Liabilities. See also Financial assets, Debt instruments, and Gross debt.

    • definition, 3.5

    • distinction between debt and nondebt liabilities, 2.3–2.4, 2.6, 3.5–3.10

    • in the form of debt instruments, 2.3–2.4, Table 2.1, 3.14–3.66

      • valuation of, 2.115–2.138

      • consolidation of, 2.155, 8.14–8.32

      • denominated in foreign currencies, 2.141

      • classification of, 3.16–3.66

    • nondebt, 2.4, 2.6, 3.14, 5.49–5.54

    • outstanding and actual current, 2.8–2.9

      • excluded from the balance sheet, 3.11

    • overview and description of, 3.5–3.12

    LIBOR. See London interbank offered rate.

    Life insurance and annuities entitlements definition, 3.51

    • overview and description of, 3.45, 3.51–3.52

    • valuation of, 2.136

    Life insurance and annuities entitlements, 2.12, 3.45, 3.51–3.52

    • valuation of, 2.136

    Lines of credit, 3.11, 4.17, 4.24

    Loan and other debt instrument guarantees. See also Publicly guaranteed debt.

    • alternative measures of valuing expected loss from, 4.24, Box 4.1

    • calling of, 4.56–4.57

    • definition, 4.17

    • overview and description of, 4.17–4.20

    • presentation of statistics on, 5.36–5.41, Tables 5.8a and 5.8b, 5.53, Table 5.12

    Loan commitments, 3.11, 4.17, 4.24

    Loans and credit from the IMF. See Credit and loans from the IMF.

    • average interest rates on, 5.57

    • concessional. See Debt concessionality.

    • consolidation of, 8.20, 8.29, 8.31

    • definition, 3.39

    • imputed. See Imputed loans.

    • main data sources for, 6.18–6.40

    • nonperforming definition, Chapter 2 footnote 51

      • valuation of, 2.125

      • accrual of interest on, 2.176–2.178

    • overview and description of, 3.39–3.44

    • that have become negotiable, 3.34, 3.39

    • valuation of, 2.125

      • debt forgiveness involving loans, 4.36

    • with embedded derivatives, 3.33

    Loans from the IMF. See Credit and loans from the IMF.

    Local government subsector definition, 2.41

    • description of, 2.41–2.43

    • source data for, 6.26, 6.32

    Locational banking statistics, 10.10–10.11

    London interbank offered rate, 5.21

    Long-term debt, 2.149

    M

    Maastricht debt of the European Union, 5.60–5.63, 10.40, 10.42

    Market basis. See Economically significant prices.

    Market price, definition, Chapter 2 footnote 47

    • of a loan, 2.125

    • of a traded debt security, 2.118–2.119, 2.133, Box 2.2, 4.44, 5.3, 5.47

    Market value. See also Market price.

    • changes in, 2.174

    • definition, 2.115

    • gross debt at, 5.3

    • increase due to the accrual of interest, A2.9

    • of a guarantee, 4.24, Box 4.1

    • of insurance, pension, and standardized guarantee schemes, 2.115, 2.135–2.138

    • of nontraded debt instruments, 2.115, 2.124–2.131

      • of arrears, 2.115, 2.130

      • of a deposit, 2.115, 2.124, 2.126

      • of a loan, 2.115, 2.124–2.125, 2.128

      • of other accounts payable/receivable, 2.115, 2.126–2.127, 2.129

      • of trade credit and advances, 2.115, 2.127

    • of a traded debt security, 2.115–2.116, 2.118–2.119, 2.132–2.134, Box 2.2

    • reconciliation of nominal value and, 5.47–5.48, Table 5.10

    Maturity, 2.149–2.153. See also Original maturity and Remaining maturity.

    • debtor-approach and yield-to-, 2.162, Box 2.3, 2.173

    • definition, 2.149

    • open, 3.41

    • presentation of debt statistics by, 5.15–5.17, Table 5.3, 5.36–5.41, Tables 5.8a and 5.8b, 5.56, Table 5.13

    Medium-term Debt Strategy (MDTS), 9.16–9.20, Box 9.3, 10.88, 10.92, 10.153, 10.174, 10.216

    Memorandum items, 2.6, 2.9, 2.122, 2.125–2.126, 4.3, 4.19, 4.84–4.86, 5.9, 5.11, 5,24, 5.34–5.35, 5.41

    Memorandum tables, 5.5, 5.36–5.54

    Monetary gold in the form of bullion, 2.14, 3.12, 5.14

    • nominal value of, 5.14

    • unallocated gold accounts, 3.6, 3.12, 3.26

    Monetary transaction definition, A2.6

    Money lenders, 2.55

    Money market funds, 2.55

    Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative (MDRI), 4.72–4.74, 10.175

    Multilateral organizations, 4.68–4.70, 4.72–4.73

    Multiple options facilities (MOFs), 4.17

    N

    National private corporations, 2.16

    Negotiable certificates of deposit, 2.132, 3.28–3.29, 7.1

    Net debt, 2.13–2.14

    • and debt sustainability analysis, 9.3

    • calculation of, 2.13, Table 2.1, Table 3.1, 4.162

    • definition, 2.13, 5.14

    • effect of consolidation on, 8.9

    • of public financial corporations, 2.50

    • presentation of statistics on, 5.12–5.14, Table 5.2

    Net financial worth definition, 3.3

    Net obligations for future social security benefits, 4.20, 4.22, 5.49, 5.54, Table 5.12, 9.22

    Net worth definition, 3.3, Table 3.1

    • effect of consolidation on, 8.9, Box 8.1

    • obligations recognized on a macroeconomic balance sheet in the calculation of, Chapter 4 footnote 2

    • stock position of, A2.12

    New money facilities, 4.79, Box. 4.10

    No asset securitization, 4.103, 4.106

    No true-sale securitization, 4.103, 4.105

    No. 2 Account, IMF, 4.151, 4.152, 4.160

    Nominal value, 2.115–2.117

    • definition, 2.120

    • gross debt at, 5.3

    • of a guarantee, 4.24, Box 4.1

    • of insurance, pension, and standardized guarantee schemes, 2.115, 2.135–2.138

    • of nontraded debt instruments, 2.115, 2.124–2.131

      • of arrears, 2.115, 2.130

      • of a deposit, 2.115, 2.124, 2.126

      • of a loan, 2.115, 2.124–2.125, 2.128

      • of other accounts payable/receivable, 2.115, 2.126–2.127, 2.129

      • of trade credit and advances, 2.127

      • with uncertain, 2.131

    • of traded debt securities, 2.132

    • reconciliation of nominal value and, 5.47–5.48, Table 5.10

    • vs. face value, 2.121, 5.61

    Nondebt instruments, 2.6, 2.14, 4.48, 4.51–4.52, 4.127, 4.129, 5.14, 5.49–5.54

    Nonfinancial assets. 3.2, 3.13, 3.25

    • definition, 3.13

    Nonfinancial corporations sector, 2.15–2.16, 2.19. See also Public nonfinancial corporations.

    Nonfinancial public sector, 2.56

    Nonlife insurance technical reserves, 3.45, 3.48–3.50

    • definition, 3.48

    • compared with provisions for calls under standardized guarantee schemes, 3.62

    • valuation of, 2.136

    Nonmarket basis. See Economically significant prices and Government units.

    Nonmarket nonprofit institutions (NPIs) controlled by government, 2.34, 2.37, 2.41

    • definition, 2.18

    • classification of, 2.28

    • factors to determine control, 2.18

    Nonmonetary transaction, 2.105

    • definition, A2.6

    Nonmoney market investment funds, 2.55

    Nonparticipating preferred shares. See Nonparticipating preferred stocks.

    Nonparticipating preferred stocks definition, 3.35

    Nonperforming loans accrual of interest on, 2.176–2.178

    • definition, Chapter 2 footnote 51

    • valuation of, 2.125

    Nonprofit institutions (NPIs). See also Nonmarket nonprofit institutions controlled by government and Nonprofit institutions serving households.

    • definition, Chapter 2 footnote 13

    • engaging in market production, 2.48, 2.49

    Nonprofit institutions serving households (NPISHs) sector, 2.15, 3.68, 7.26

    Nonresident special purpose entities. See Special purpose entities.

    Nonresidents, 2.94–2.102

    • debt liabilities owed by residents to, 2.5, 3.69, 6.3

    • ownership of traded debt securities, 6.44, 7.2, 7.6, 7.8, 7.15–7.17, Box 7.1, 7.20, 7.25–7.29

    • total publicly guaranteed debt of, 5.38

    Nontraded debt instruments, valuation of, 2.124–2.131

    Nontransferable deposits, 3.26–3.27, Chapter 3 footnote 20

    • definition, 3.27

    Notional amount of a financial derivative, 5.52, 6.54, Table 6.2

    • definition, 5.52

    O

    Obligations for social security benefits. See Net obligations for future social security benefits.

    OECD. See Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.

    Off-market swap debt. See Debt arising from off-market swaps.

    • definition, 3.44, 4.128

    On-balance sheet securitization, 4.103

    • definition, 4.108

    One-off guarantees, 2.9, 4.14–4.20. 4.115, 5.37. See also Loan and other debt instrument guarantees.

    • activation of, 2.178, 4.25–4.26

    • calling of, 4.56–4.57

    • classification of, 5.26–5.41

    • definition, 4.14

    • presentation of, 5.53, Table 5.12

    • statistical treatment of, 4.25–4.26

    • valuation of, 4.24, 5.36

    • with a very high likelihood to be called, 4.16

    On-lending of borrowed funds, 10.188

    • definition and description of, 4.139–4.140

    • statistical treatment of, 4.74, 4.141–4.148, Box 4.19, Table 4.2, 4.158

    Operating lease, 4.89–4.90

    Options embedded, 2.175, 5.34–5.35, 10.20, 10.175, 10.180, 10.183

    • presentation of data on, Table 5.12

    • separately traded, 3.33

    Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), 10.101–10.122

    Original maturity, 2.150–2.152

    • presentation of gross debt by, Tables 5.1 and 5.2, 5.15–5.17, Table 5.3, 5.36–5.41, Tables 5.8a and 5.8b, 5.56, Table 5.13

    Other accounts payable. See Other accounts payable/receivable

    Other accounts payable/receivable, 2.107, 3.39, 3.57, 4.65

    • and the definition of debt, 2.3, 3.17

    • consolidation of, 8.20, 8.28

    • data sources for, 6.26–6.27

    • definition, 3.64

    • description of, 3.64–3.66

    • valuation of, 2.124, 2.126

    Other accounts receivable. See Other accounts payable/receivable

    Other economic flow, 2.105, 2.124, 2.174, 3.3, 4.1, 4.76–4.77, 6.42, A2.3–A2.4

    • definition, A2.7

    • consolidation of, 8.20–8.21, 8.23

    Other public financial corporations, 2.50, 3.68, 9.29

    • definition, 2.55

    P

    Paris Club

    • commercial bank debt relief of the, 10.135–10.137

    • debt reorganization and concessionality, 4.83–4.86

    • debt rescheduling arrangements, 4.37–4.38, 4.63–4.65

    • description of activities of the, 10.123–10.137

    Paris Club Secretariat, 10.123–10.137

    Paying off debt liability of another unit. See Debt assumption.

    Pension entitlements, 2.81, 2.85, 3.45, 3.61, 10.44

    • definition, 3.53

    • overview and description of, 3.53–3.59

    • valuation of, 2.136

    Pension funds. See also Pension schemes.

    • classification of, 2.49, 2.55, 2.83, 2.84

    • consolidation of stock positions between government and, 8.28

    • data sources on, 6.39

    • liabilities of, 2.12, 2.136, 2.138, 3.46, 3.53–3.61, 4.132–4.135

    Pension schemes. See also Pension funds.

    • classification of, 2.77–2.85

    • liabilities of, 3.46, 3.53–3.60

      • valuation of, 2.136

    • supplementary table showing the extent of, Chapter 5 footnote 17

    • unfunded nonautonomous. See Unfunded nonautonomous pension schemes.

    Portfolio analysis, 9.16–9.20, 10. 95, 10.150–10.151, 10.173, 10.210

    • indicators, 9.19

    • management, 6.58, 6.60, 10.99

    Preferred shares. See Nonparticipating preferred stocks.

    Premiums on issue of bonds and bills. See Accrual of interest, Deep-discount bonds, and Zero-coupon bonds.

    Prepayments, of goods and services, 3.64

    • of nonlife insurance premiums, 2.136, 3.48–3.49

    • of taxes, 3.65

    Principal liability and accrued interest, 2.109–2.111

    • definition, 2.10

    Principal payments, 2.10, 2.160

    • arrears in, 2.8, 2.113, 5.43–5.44

    • backed by specific assets or future revenue streams, 4.102, 4.104, 4.107

    • schedule, 5.28–5.35, 6.30, 9.19

    Promissory note, 3.29, 3.64, 4.152, 4.155, 10.168, 10.194

    Provident funds, 2.86–2.89

    • definition, 2.86

    Provision for calls under standardized guarantees. See also Standardized guarantee schemes.

    • data sources for, 6.27, 6.39

    • definition, 4.13

    • description of, 3.62–3.63, 4.6, 4.13

    • valuation of, 2.136–2.137, 5.3

    Provision of economic value, 2.8, 2.10

    Provisions, 3.11

    Public corporations assuming debt of, 4.57

    • assuming pension liabilities of, 4.136–4.138

    • control by government of, 2.17

    • definition, 2.19

    • established as special purpose entities, 2.64–2.67, 4.97

    • nonautonomous pension funds of, 4.132–4.135

    • quasi-corporations classified as, 2.59–2.60

    • shares and/or equity issued by, 3.10

    • source data for debt of, 6.18–6.40, Table 6.1

    Public deposit-taking corporations except the central bank definition, 2.54

    Public deposit-taking corporations, 2.50, 2.51–2.54, 2.126, 3.68

    • definition, 2.51

    Public financial corporations subsector, 2.49–2.55, 3.68

    • definition, 2.49

    • source data for debt of, 6.18–6.40, Table 6.1

    Public nonfinancial corporations subsector, 2.47–2.48, 3.68

    • definition, 2.47

    • source data for debt of, 6.18–6.40, Table 6.1

    Public sector definition, 2.17, Figure 2.1

    • institutional coverage and sectorization of the, 2.20–2.93

    • general government and its subsectors, 2.21–2.46

    • other groupings of the public sector, 2.56–2.58

    • public financial corporations, 2.49–2.55

    • public nonfinancial corporations, 2.47–2.48

    • some borderline cases, 2.59–2.93

    Public sector employer pension schemes. See Debt arising from public sector employer pension schemes.

    Publication. See Dissemination of public sector debt statistics.

    Publicly guaranteed debt. See also Loans and other debt instrument guarantees.

    • debt-service schedules of, 5.28

    • definition, 4.17

    • of nonresident units, 5.38

    • of private sector units, 5.38

    • of public sector units, 5.38

    • overview and description of, 4.17–4.19

    • presentation of statistics on, 5.11, Table 5.1, 5.36–5.41, Tables 5.8a and 5.8b

    • reconciliation of stock positions and flows in, 5.39–5.41, Table 5.8b

    Public-private partnerships (PPPs). See also Joint ventures.

    • consideration of risks associated with asset(s) to determine economic ownership, Box 4.14

    • debt. See Debt arising from public-private partnerships (PPPs).

    • definition, 4.120

    • practical applications of economic ownership concept, Box 4.15

    Q

    Quasi-corporations

    • classification of, 2.19, 2.36, 2.40, 2.42, 2.59–2.60, 2.93

    • definition, 2.59

    Quasi-fiscal activities. See Quasi-fiscal operations.

    Quasi-fiscal operations, 2.58, 2.65, 9.29

    Quasi-sovereign, 2.57, 10.90

    Quotas of IMF member countries, 4.152–4.153

    R

    Regional organizations, 2.99–2.102, 10.25, 10.30

    Relationship between public sector debt statistics and external debt statistics, A1.1–A1.7

    Remaining maturity, 2.150–2.152

    • presentation of gross debt by, Tables 5.1 and 5.2, 5.15–5.17, Table 5.3, 5.36–5.41, Tables 5.8a and 5.8b, 5.56, Table 5.13

    Remuneration payable by IMF to members, 4.159

    Renegotiation, 10.149

    • change of original terms of a debt by, 2.177, Chapter 4 footnote 15, 4.67, Chapter 6 footnote 15

    Repo. See Securities repurchase agreement

    Repudiation of debt. See Debt repudiation.

    Repurchase agreements. See Securities repurchase agreement.

    Rerouting, Chapter 2 footnote 27

    Rescheduling. See Debt rescheduling.

    Reserve assets. 2.147, 3.6, 3.21–3.22, 4.152, 4.154, 4.161

    Reserve position in the IMF, 3.27, 4.154–4.155

    Residence, 2.5, 2.94–2.102

    • brass plate companies, 2.97

    • center of predominant economic interest, 2.95

    • classification by residence of the creditor, 5.11, 5.27, 5.29, 5.48, 6.27, 6.35, 6.44, A1.4, A1.6

    • definition, 2.95

    • economy, 2.96

    • economic territory, 2.95

    • international organizations, 2.98–2.99

    • institutional units, 2.96, 2.101

    • shell companies, 2.97

    • special purpose entities, 2.65–2.67, 2.97

    • regional central bank, Chapter 2 footnote 39

    • regional organizations, 2.99–2.102

    Resident artificial subsidiary, 2.29–2.31, 4.97

    Residual maturity. See Remaining maturity.

    Resource leases, 4.90

    Restructuring agencies, 2.61–2.63, 4.117

    • definition, 2.61

    Restructuring unit. See Restructuring agencies.

    Revaluations. See Holding gains and losses

    Revolving underwriting facilities (RUFs), 4.17

    Risk management, 2.13, 5.12, 9.25, 10.26, 10.88–10.90, 10.141, 10.184

    S

    SDDS. See Special Data Dissemination Standard.

    SDRs. See Special drawing rights.

    Secondary market consolidation of debt instruments acquired on the, Chapter 8 footnote 15

    • debt securities traded in the, 7.1, 7.4–7.5, 7.10–7.11, 7.36, 8.31

    • loans that have become marketable in the, 3.34, 3.39

    • market price of loans not intended for trading on the, 2.125

    Securities. See Debt securities.

    Securities lending, 3.43, 3.71

    • definition, 3.42

    Securities repurchase agreement, 3.39, 3.41–3.43

    • classification of the counterparty by institutional sector, 3.71, 7.11, 7.42

    • definition, 3.41

    Securitization definition, 4.101

    • statistical treatment of debt and flows from, 4.104–4.108

    • typology of, 3.36, 4.101–4.103

    • unit, 2.65, 2.67, 4.101, 4.103–4.108

    Security-by-security database, 7.17, Box 7.1, 10.12

    Shell companies, residence of, 2.97

    Short-term debt, 2.149

    Sinking funds consolidation of, 8.22–8.25

    • definition, 2.73

    • overview and classification of, 2.73–2.76

    Social security benefit definition, Chapter 2 footnote 23

    • obligations for future, 3.11, 3.57, 4.21–4.22, 5.54, Table 5.12

    • contribution definition, Chapter 2 footnote 23

    • funds classification of, 2.21–2.24, 2.44–2.46

      • data sources for, 6.26

      • definition, 2.44

    • pensions to individuals provided via, 2.77–2.81

    • scheme definition, 2.44, Chapter 2 footnote 23

    Sovereign, 2.57

    • balance sheets, 10.90, 10.98

    • bonds, 10.168

    • debt, 2.57, 10.19

    • issuer, 2.57

    Sovereign wealth funds, 2.90–2.93

    • definition, 2.90

    Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS), 5.1, 6.16, 10.71–10.72, 10.80, 10.172

    Special drawing rights (SDRs) as a foreign currency, 2.145

    • as a unit of account, 2.139, 3.24

    • changes in value of IMF member’s domestic currency in relation to, 4.157

    • consolidation of, 8.19

    • counterparty to holdings and allocations, 4.161

    • definition and description of, 3.21–3.24

    • IMF member quotas paid in, 4.152

    • recorded in the balance sheet of, 4.163–4.165, 6.27

    • recording of, 3.23, 4.162

    Special purpose entities, 2.64–2.67

    • agency to manage or finance bailout operations, 4.112

    • debt of, 4.96–4.98

    • features of, 2.64

    • residence of, 2.65–2.67, 2.97, 4.98–4.100

    • resident artificial subsidiaries set up as, 2.30

    • securitization units set up as, 4.103–4.104

    • statistical treatment of government nonresident, 4.99–4.100, Box 4.12

    Special purpose vehicles. See Special purpose entities.

    Standardized guarantees. See Standardized guarantee schemes.

    Standardized guarantee schemes data sources for, 6.27, 6.39

    • definition, 3.62, 4.12

    • description of, 4.12–4.13

    • valuation of provision of calls under, 2.136–2.137, 5.3

    State government subsector definition, 2.37

    • description of, 2.37–2.40, 2.43

    • source data for, 6.26, 6.32

    Stock positions definition, A2.12

    Stock positions and related flows with the IMF, 4.149–4.165

    Stocks. See Stock positions. Stripped securities, 3.37, 10.204

    Student loan guarantees, 3.62, 4.12

    Supplier credit. See Trade credit and advances.

    Swap contract definition, Chapter 3 footnote 21, Chapter 4 footnote 51

    • market value of, 5.52

    Swaps. See also Off-market swaps and Swap contracts.

    • credit default (CDS), 4.107

    • debt-for-development, 4.30, 4.48–4.52

    • debt-for-equity, 4.30, 4.48–4.52

    • debt-for-exports, 4.48–4.52

    • debt-for-nature, 4.30, 4.48–4.52

    • dept-for-real-estate, 4.30, 4.48–4.52

    • debt-for-sustainable-development, 4.48–4.52

    • gold definition, 3.43

    • loan-for-bond, 4.48–4.52

    Synthetic securitization, 4.103

    • definition, 4.107

    T

    Total debt. See Gross debt.

    Trade credit and advances, 3.64

    • loans to finance, 3.39

    • valuation of, 2.127, 2.129

    Traded debt securities definition, 7.1

    • identifying the holders of, 7.1–7.30

      • selected country practices, 7.31–7.53

    • valuation of, 2.116, 2.118–2.119, 2.132–2.134

    Transaction definition, A2.4

    Transfer definition, A2.5

    Transferable deposits, 3.26–3.27

    • definition, 3.27

    True-sale securitization, 4.103–4.106

    • definition, 4.104

    U

    Ultimate risk, 10.8–10.9

    Unallocated gold accounts, 2.14, 2.144, 3.6, 3.12, 3.26, 5.14

    Uncalled share capital, 3.11, 4.9

    Unconditional financial assets, 3.6

    • liabilities, 2.9, 3.5, 3.30

    • right to obtain foreign exchange, 3.22, 4.154

    UNCTAD. See United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.

    Underwritten note issuance facilities (NIFs), 4.17

    Unfunded nonautonomous pension schemes, 2.84, 3.46, 3.56 See also Debt arising from unfunded public sector employer pension schemes.

    • data sources for, 6.39

    • valuation of, 2.136

    United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), 10.138–10.155

    • DMFAS Debt Management and Financial Analysis System, 10.188–10.217

    Use of IMF credit and loans. See IMF credit and loans.

    V

    Variable-rate instruments accrual of interest on, 2.161

    • and debt sustainability, 9.4

    • and index-linked securities, 3.38

    • and medium-term debt strategy, 9.19

    • classification by type of interest rate, 5.20–5.26, 5.58–5.59, 6.45, 6.52

    • nominal value of, 2.120

    W

    Whom-to-whom framework, 7.24–7.30, Table 7.1, Table 7.2

    World Bank, 10.156–10.161

    • classified as an international organization, Chapter 2 footnote 38

    • public sector debt database of the, 10.158–10.161

    Z

    Zero-coupon bonds and debt rescheduling, 4.38

    • and stripped securities, 3.37

    • definition, 3.32

    • interest accruing from discount/premium on, 2.110, 2.164, Box 2.4

    • valuation of, 2.121, 2.133

      You are not logged in and do not have access to this content. Please login or, to subscribe to IMF eLibrary, please click here

      Other Resources Citing This Publication