Front Matter

Front Matter

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund
Published Date:
July 2007
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© 2007 International Monetary Fund

The point of contact in the IMF for the General Data Dissemination System is:

Chief, Data Dissemination Standards Division

Statistics Department, International Monetary Fund

700 19th Street, N.W.

Washington, D.C. 20431, U.S.A.

Tel.: (202) 623-4874 Telefax: (202) 623-6165

E-mail: gdds@imf.org Internet: http://dsbb.imf.org/gddsindex.htm

Cataloging-in-Publication Data

The General Data Dissemination System : guide for participants and users — [Washington, D.C.] : International Monetary Fund, 2007.

p. cm.

ISBN 978-1-58906-417-1

1. Statistical services — Handbooks, manuals, etc. 2. International Monetary Fund — Handbooks, manuals, etc. I. International Monetary Fund.

HA36.G85 2007

Price: $25.00

Please send orders to:

International Monetary Fund, Publication Services

700 19th Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20431, U.S.A.

Tel.: (202) 623-7430 Telefax: (202) 623-7201

E-mail: publications@imf.org

Internet: http://www.imf.org

Foreword

The purpose of this Guide is to explain the nature and objectives of the General Data Dissemination System (GDDS), to describe its operation, and to provide practical guidance to IMF member countries on participation in the GDDS. The GDDS gives members a basic framework for a broader national statistical development strategy. That is, it covers a set of statistics recognized to be essential for all countries for policymaking and analysis in an environment that increasingly requires relevant, comprehensive, and accurate statistics. The GDDS addresses the full range of issues critical for compiling and disseminating data and making explicit plans for improvement to align national procedures with best practices.

This version of the Guide, superseding the version updated in October 2004, has benefited from the suggestions and recommendations of member countries that participate in the GDDS. This version also incorporates the decision taken by the IMF’s Executive Board in November 2005 to present the GDDS metadata in the Data Quality Assessment Framework (DQAF). The Guide is expected to continue to evolve as the GDDS evolves.

Since establishing the GDDS in December 1997, the IMF Statistics Department has worked closely with member countries and with other international organizations on the GDDS. For participating member countries, the GDDS has provided a management tool and a framework to foster sound statistical methodology, professional data compilation, and data dissemination. With other international organizations, such as the World Bank, the department has worked to further develop and implement of the GDDS guidelines. In this regard, it is important to highlight the valuable contribution of the World Bank in articulating the sociodemographic component of the GDDS.

The purpose of the GDDS remains to assist member countries to develop their statistical systems. The GDDS further allows the data-producing agencies to take control of their statistical development programs in a structured manner and to coordinate effectively among producing agencies, users, and the international community. The IMF supports these efforts by providing technical assistance and by catalyzing support from other sources.

As the GDDS continues to change, this Guide is especially important for countries that are already participating. Participating countries must update and revise their metadata to describe how their data compilation and dissemination activities are keeping pace with the necessary changes in best statistical practices.

In addition, I urge member countries that are interested in participating in the GDDS, and those actively involved in preparing for participation, to consult the GDDS section of the IMF’s Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board (DSBB) on the Internet at: http://dsbb.imf.org/gddsindex.htm. The site contains an extensive body of information on the statistical practices and statistical development plans of countries that participate in the GDDS.

I would like to thank staff of the Data Dissemination Standards Division within the Statistics Department for preparing the manuscript, and of the External Relations Department for copyediting the final manuscript and coordinating the publication of the Guide.

Robert W. Edwards

Director

Statistics Department

International Monetary Fund

Abbreviations

BIS

Bank for International Settlements

BPM5

Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition

CD

Compact disc

c.i.f.

Cost, insurance, and freight

COFOG

Classification of the Functions of Government

COICOP

Classification of Individual Consumption by Purpose (UN)

DQAF

Data Quality Assessment Framework

DSBB

Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board

ECE

Economic Commision for Europe (UN)

ECOSOC

UN Economic and Social Council

ESA 1995

European System of Accounts 1995

f.o.b.

Free on board

GDDS

General Data Dissemination System

GFSM 1986

A Manual on Government Finance Statistics 1986

GFSM 2001

Government Finance Statistics Manual 2001

ICP

International Comparison Program

IIP

International Investment Position

ILO

International Labor Organization

ISIC

International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (UN)

ITRS

International Transactions Reporting System

MDGs

Millennium Development Goals

MFSM

Monetary and Financial Statistics Manual

MNSDS

Minimum National Social Data Set, as recommended by the United Nations Statistical Committee

ODA

Official development assistance

OECD

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

OECD/DAC

OECD/Development Assistance Committee

PPI

Producer price index

PPP

Purchasing power parity

ROSC

Report on Observance of Standards and Codes

SDDS

Special Data Dissemination Standard

1993 SNA

System of National Accounts 1993

UN

United Nations

UNCTAD

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

UNDF

United Nations Development Framework

UNESCO

United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization

UNSD

United Nations Statistics Division

WHO

World Health Organization

WPI

Wholesale price index

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