Appendix III. List of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Indicators

International Monetary Fund
Published Date:
July 2007
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IndicatorIncluded in GDDSSectorResponsible International Agency
Goal 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
Target 1. Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day
1.Proportion of population below US$1 (PPP) per day1*PovertyWorld Bank
2.Poverty gap ratio (incidence × depth of poverty)*PovertyWorld Bank
3.Share of poorest quintile in national consumptionPovertyWorld Bank
Target 2. Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger
4.Prevalence of underweight children under five years of ageHealthUNICEF – WHO
5.Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumptionFAO
Goal 2. Achieve universal primary education
Target 3. Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling
6.Net enrollment ratio in primary educationEducationUNESCO
7.Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach grade 52EducationUNESCO
8.Literacy rate of 15- to 24-year-oldsEducationUNESCO
Goal 3. Promote gender equality and empower women
Target 4. Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and to all levels of education no later than 2015
9.Ratio of girls to boys in primary, secondary, and tertiary educationEducationUNESCO
10.Ratio of literate women to men of 15- to 24-year-oldsEducationUNESCO
11.Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sectorRealILO
12.Proportion of seats held by women in national parliamentIPU
Goal 4. Reduce child mortality
Target 5. Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate
13.Under-five mortality ratePopulationUNICEF – WHO
14.Infant mortality ratePopulationUNICEF – WHO
15.Proportion of one-year-old children immunized against measlesHealthUNICEF – WHO
Goal 5. Improve maternal health
Target 6. Reduce by three-quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio
16.Maternal mortality ratioHealthUNICEF – WHO
17.Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnelHealthUNICEF – WHO
Goal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
Target 7. Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
18.HIV prevalence among 15- to 24-year-old pregnant womenHealth

  • – UNAIDS

  • – WHO

19.Condom use rate of the contraceptive prevalence rate3Health

  • – UNICEF

  • –UN Population Division

  • – WHO

19a.Condom use at last high-risk sexHealth
19b.Percentage of population aged 15–24 with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS4Health
20.Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of nonorphans aged 10–14HealthUNICEF – UNAIDS
Target 8. Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases
21.Prevalence and death rates associated with malariaHealthWHO
22.Proportion of population in malaria risk areas using effective malaria prevention and treatment measures5HealthUNICEF – WHO
23.Prevalence and death rates associated with tuberculosisHealthWHO
24.Proportion of tuberculosis cases detected and cured under DOTS (internationally recommended TB control strategy)HealthWHO
Goal 7. Ensure environmental sustainability
Target 9. Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs and reverse the loss of environmental resources
25.Proportion of land area covered by forestFAO
26.Ratio of area protected to maintain biological diversity to surface areaUNEP – IUCN
27.Energy use (kg oil equivalent) per $1 GDP (PPP)IEA – World Bank
28.Carbon dioxide emissions (per capita) (UNFCCC, UNSD) and consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs (ODP tons) (UNEP-Ozone Secretariat)UNFCCC, UNSD and UNEP-Ozone Secretariat
29.Proportion of population using solid fuelsWHO
Target 10. Halve by 2015 the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and sanitation
30.Proportion of population with sustainable access to an improved water source, urban and ruralHealthUNICEF – WHO
31.Proportion of urban population with access to improved sanitation, urban and ruralHealthUNICEF – WHO
Target 11. By 2020 to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers
32.Proportion of households with access to secure tenureUN-HABITAT
Goal 8. Develop a global partnership for development
Indicators for targets 1215 are given below in a combined list.
Target 12. Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, nondiscriminatory trading and financial system.
Includes a commitment to good governance, development, and poverty reduction—both nationally and internationally
Target 13. Address the special needs of the least developed countries.
Includes tariff and quota-free access for least developed countries’ exports; enhanced program of debt relief for HIPCs (heavily indebted poor countries), and cancellation of official bilateral debt; and more generous official development assistance (ODA) for countries committed to poverty reduction
Target 14. Address the special needs of landlocked countries and small island developing states (through the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States and the outcome of the twenty-second special session of the General Assembly)
Target 15. Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries through national and international measures in order to make debt sustainable in the long term
Some of the indicators listed below are monitored separately for the least developed countries (LDCs), Africa, landlocked developing countries, and small island developing States (SIDS) ODA
33.Net ODA, total and to LDCs, as percentage of OECD/Development Assistance Committee (DAC) donors’ gross national income (GNI)OECD
34.Proportion of total bilateral, sector-allocable ODA of OECD/DAC donors to basic social services (basic education, primary health care, nutrition, safe water and sanitation)OECD
35.Proportion of bilateral ODA of OECD/DAC donors that is untiedOECD
36.ODA received in landlocked countries as proportion of their GNIsOECD
37.ODA received in small island developing States as proportion of their GNIsOECD
Market access
38.Proportion of total developed country imports (by value and excluding arms) from developing countries and from LDCs, admitted free of duties

  • –WTO

  • –World Bank

39.Average tariffs imposed by developed countries on agricultural products and textiles and clothing from developing countriesUNCTAD, WTO, World Bank
40.Agricultural support estimate for OECD countries as percentage of their GDPOECD
41.Proportion of ODA provided to help build trade capacityWTO, OECD
Debt sustainability
42.Total number of countries that have reached their Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative decision points and number that have reached their HIPC completion points (cumulative)IMF – World Bank
43.Debt relief committed under HIPC Initiative, US$IMF – World Bank
44.Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and servicesIMF – World Bank
Target 16. In cooperation with developing countries, develop and implement strategies for decent and productive work for youth
45.Unemployment rate of 15- to 24-year-olds, each sex and total6RealILO
Target 17. In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
46.Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basisWHO
Target 18. In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications
47.Telephone lines and cellular subscribers per 100 populationITU
48.Personal computers in use per 100 population (ITU) and Internet users per 100 populationITU

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