- Calvin McDonald, Benedict Clements, and Christian Schiller
- Published Date:
- September 1998
The IMF and the Poor
Fiscal Affairs Department
INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND
Washington, D. C.
Reprinted March 2000
Production: IMF Graphics Section
Figures: In-Ok Yoon
Typesetting: Choon Lee
The opinions expressed in the pamphlet are those of the authors and should not be attributed to the Executive Directors of the International Monetary Fund or their national authorities.
The following symbols have been used throughout this paper:
… to indicate that data are not available;
— to indicate that the figure is zero or less than half the final digit shown, or that the item does not exist;
– between years or months (e.g., 1994-95 or January-June) to indicate the years or months covered, including the beginning and ending years or months;
/ between years (e.g., 1994/95) to indicate a crop or fiscal (financial) year.
“Billion” means a thousand million.
Minor discrepancies between constituent figures and totals are due to rounding.
The term “country,” as used in this paper, does not in all cases refer to a territorial entity that is a state as understood by international law and practice; the term also covers some territorial entities that are not states, but for which statistical data are maintained and provided internationally on a separate and independent basis.
This pamphlet is a revised version of a paper prepared for the Development Assistance Committee’s Forum on Key Elements for Poverty Reduction Strategies, held in Paris on December 4–5, 1997. The authors would like to thank Peter S. Heller and Louis Dicks-Mireaux for their very helpful comments on an earlier draft. Elisa Diehl of the IMF’s External Relations Department edited the pamphlet and coordinated its production.