Papers on Policy Analysis and Assessment are intended to make staff work in the area of policy design available to a wide audience. A list of PPAAs issued in 1995:4 follows. Papers may also be considered for inclusion in the journal.
“Singapore’s Central Provident Fund,” by Robert Carling and Geoffrey Oestreicher [95/11]
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The World Bank Research Observer
The World Bank Research Observer is intended for anyone who has a professional interest in development. Observer articles are written to be accessible to nonspecialist readers; contributors examine key issues in development economics, survey the literature and the latest World Bank research, and debate issues of development policy.
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In statistical matter throughout this issue,
dots (…) indicate that data are not available;
a dash (—) indicates that the figure is zero or less than half the final digit shown, or that the item does not exist;
a single dot (.) indicates decimals;
a comma (,) separates thousands and millions;
“billion” means a thousand million, and “trillion” means a thousand billion;
a short dash (–) is used between years or months (for example, 1992-94 or January-October) to indicate a total of the years or months inclusive of the beginning and ending years or months;
a stroke (/) is used between years (for example, 1993/94) to indicate a fiscal year or a crop year;
a colon (:) is used between a year and the number indicating a quarter within that year (for example, 1994:1);
components of tables may not add to totals shown because of rounding.