Journal Issue

In the news: Liberia’s economy rebounds, but action plan needed to improve governance

International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
Published Date:
July 2005
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Liberia’s economy rebounds, but action plan needed to improve governance

In 2003-04, Liberia’s economy remained volatile in the aftermath of the 14-year civil war that officially ended with the August 2003 peace agreement. After real GDP plummeted in late 2003 as a result of renewed hostilities and the United Nations ban on timber exports, activity rebounded in 2004, the IMF said in its annual economic review. In 2005, the economic recovery is expected to strengthen, buttressed by the improving security situation, donor inflows, and reconstruction activities.

While welcoming the economic recovery, the IMF Executive Board noted that Liberia’s economic position is still fragile, activity still below pre-war levels, poverty widespread, and the public debt large and unsustainable. It stressed that the flow of urgently needed external assistance and private investment depends on decisive actions to strengthen institutions, reduce corruption, and improve governance.

After initial success in implementing a balanced cash-based budget, fiscal management has weakened, and arrears reemerged during 2004. The Board urged the authorities to strengthen expenditure controls and bolster revenue collection, and improve the transparency and accountability of government operations. It encouraged the authorities to make the recently established anti-corruption commission operational as quickly as possible.

The Central Bank of Liberia has gradually moved toward financial soundness. Efforts to reduce operational outlays are aimed at eliminating its cash deficit by early 2006. The banking sector, however, has weakened further as a consequence of the last internal conflict. The Board encouraged the authorities to expedite the process of taking stock of domestic and external debt so that a strategy for achieving debt sustainability can be developed.

(percent change)
Real GDP2.93.7-
(percent of GDP)
Overall fiscal balance
(cash basis)-0.7-1.30.7-0.10.0
Current account balance,
including grants-24.5-3.4-18.2-13.3-19.9
Public sector external
Data: IMF Public Information Notice, May 2005.
Data: IMF Public Information Notice, May 2005.

For more information, refer to IMF Public Information Notices No. 05/63 (Kuwait), No. 05/64 (Liberia), and No. 05/55 (Gabon) on the IMF’s website (

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