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Republics of the Former USSR: Vital Statistics

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
Published Date:
January 1992
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Ukraine

Capital: Kiev

Area: 603.7 thousand square kilometers

Population: 51.7 million

GDP: 262.0 billion rubles

Total exports: 61.9 billion rubles

Total imports: 65.5 billion rubles

Natural resources: Agricultural land, coal, mineral deposits, natural gas, petroleum

Main industries: Food processing and production, heavy industry

Belarus

Capital: Minsk

Area: 207.6 thousand square kilometers

Population: 10.3 million

GDP: 71.8 billion rubles

Total exports: 38.3 billion rubles

Total imports: 33.5 billion rubles

Natural resources: Agricultural land, potassium salts, peat

Main industries: Livestock, potatoes, flax, prefabricated construction materials, machine building, electronics, chemicals, and light industry

Lithuania

Capital: Vilnius

Area: 65.2 thousand square kilometers

Population: 3.7 million

GDP: 39.4 billion rubles

Total exports: 12.3 billion rubles

Total imports: 8.7 billion rubles

Natural resources: Agricultural land, forests

Main industries: Machinery, metal-working, light industry, oil, gas, food, chemicals

Moldova

Capital: Chisinau

Area: 33.7 thousand square kilometers

Population: 4.4 million (1990)

GDP: 20.7 billion rubles

Total exports: 8.1 billion rubles

Total imports: 8.4 billion rubles

Natural resources: Agricultural land

Main industries: Agriculture, food processing, textiles, consumer appliances, light industry

Georgia

Capital: Tbilisi

Area: 70.0 thousand square kilometers

Population: 5.4 million

GDP: 23.5 billion rubles

Total exports: 6.1 billion rubles

Total imports: 7.3 billion rubles

Natural resources: Agriculture, tourism, manganese, coal, timber

Main industries: Light industrial products, iron, steel, tea, tobacco

Armenia

Capital: Yerevan

Area: 29.8 thousand square kilometers

Population: 3.3 million

GDP: 15.7 billion rubles

Total exports: 6.5 billion rubles

Total imports: 8.3 billion rubles

Natural resources: Agricultural land

Main industries: Light industry, machine-building and metallurgy, food processing, and chemical production

Azerbaijan

Capital: Baku

Area: 86.6 thousand square kilometers

Population: 7.1 million

GDP: 22.4 billion rubles

Total exports: 11.5 billion rubles

Total imports: 8.8 billion rubles

Natural resources: Agricultural land, oil, natural gas, iron ore

Main industries: Oil, oil production equipment, petrochemicals, food and beverages, garments, electrical equipment

Turkmenistan

Capital: Ashkhabad

Area: 488.0 thousand square kilometers

Population: 3.8 million

GDP: 18.6 billion rubles

Total exports: 7.8 billion rubles

Total imports: 6.9 billion rubles

Natural resources: Natural gas, oil, iodine-bromine, sodium sulphate, salts

Main industries: Textiles, gas and oil processing, chemicals, electricity-generating industries

Lavia

Capital: Riga

Area: 64.6 thousand square kilometers

Population: 2.7 million

GDP: 22.3 billion rubles

Total exports: 8.8 billion rubles

Total imports: 6.5 billion rubles

Natural resources: Peat, dolomite, limestone, gypsum, amber, gravel, sand

Main industries: Machinery, food products, textiles, chemicals

Estonia

Capital: Tallinn

Area: 45.2 thousand square kilometers

Population: 1.6 million

GDP: 17.3 billion rubles

Total exports: 5.4 billion rubles

Total imports: 4.4 billion rubles

Natural resources: Timber, oil shale, limestone

Main industries: Fish and food products, textiles, metalworking, chemicals, plastics, furniture

Russian Federation

Capital: Moscow

Area: 17.1 million square kilometers

Population: 148.5 million

GDP: 1,130.0 billion rubles

Total exports: 210.1 billion rubles

Total imports: 182.0 billion rubles

Natural resources: Grain, potatoes, livestock, coal, oil, natural gas, diamonds, phosphorites, potassium salts

Main industries: Oil, natural gas, machinery, chemicals

Kazakhstan

Capital: Alma-Ata

Area: 2.7 million square kilometers

Population: 16.9 million

GDP: 92.0 billion rubles

Total exports: 15.8 billion rubles

Total imports: 22 billion rubles

Natural resources: Petrol, grain, chrome, lead, wolfram, copper, zinc, coal, iron ore, wool, meat

Main industries: Metallurgy, heavy machinery and machine tools, petrochemicals, agro-processing, textiles

Kyrgyzstan

Capital: Bishkek

Area: 198.5 thousand square kilometers

Population: 4.4 million

GDP: 15.3 billion rubles

Total exports: 6.6 billion rubles

Total imports: 7.4 billion rubles

Natural resources: Hydroelectricity, gold, mercury, uranium, coal

Main industries: Metallurgy, agricultural and other machinery, food and tobacco processing, electronics, textiles, sugar refineries

Uzbekistan

Capital: Tashkent

Area: 450 thousand square kilometers

Population: 21.3 million

GDP: 56.3 billion rubles

Total exports: 19.6 billion rubles

Total imports: 20.2 billion rubles

Natural resources: Cotton, natural gas, coal, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, wolfram, tungsten, petroleum

Main industries: Agriculture, cotton harvesters, textile machinery, chemicals, metallurgy, aircrafts

Tajikistan

Capital: Dushanbe

Area: 143.1 thousand square kilometers

Population: 5.3 million

GDP: 13.0 billion rubles

Total exports: 4.3 billion rubles

Total imports: 3.8 billion rubles

Natural resources: Cotton, dairy production, wheat

Main industries: Labor-intensive industries, agricultural products processing, engineering, metalworking, power transformers

* All data refer to 1991 unless otherwise noted.

This presentation is based on the Economic Review Series, updated where necessary. This series was prepared by the IMF staff on the economy of each of the republics that constituted the USSR. The series includes two companion studies; one reviews the economy of the USSR in 1991, and the other provides an overview of common policy issues and major interrepublic economic relations. They are available in English from IMF Publication Services for $10.00 each.

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