Journal Issue

World economy in transition: Trade shares and trends, 1950–81

International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
Published Date:
March 1983
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In many ways, the global economy is in the throes of a major adjustment to changing circumstances. Beginning with this issue, Finance & Development will from time to time present data on long-term changes in particular sectors or aspects of the world economy. We hope this series will give readers a longer-term perspective on these developments. As usual, we welcome suggestions.

From 1950 to 1980 the average annual growth rate of the value of world exports was 12.3 per cent in nominal terms and 6.7 per cent in real terms. The latter figure was well above the increase in world production and several times greater than that of world population growth.

Area distribution of world trade 1

(In per cent)

1 Calculated from U.S. dollar values.

Industrial countries’ share of world trade, 1950 and 1981

(In per cent)

1EEC (European Economic Community) data for all years refer to the current composition of the EEC.

Non-oil developing countries" trade indexes

(1975 = 100)

Source: IMF, International Financial Statistics Supplement on Trade Statistics, 1982.

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