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The World Bank Atlas Population, Growth Rate, and GNP Tables

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
Published Date:
March 1973
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In recent years the World Bank Atlas has become a widely used source of information on population and per capita income in all the countries of the world—both levels and growth rates. But the world-wide tables which are reproduced here from the latest, seventh edition of the Atlas are meant to be used with caution.

Some points to watch:

Per capita GNP

This is the share of a country’s GNP that each of its citizens would have if it were equally divided among them all. Because in all countries income is unequally distributed—there may be a few millionaires along with millions in poverty—”per capita GNP” does not say much about how well off individual citizens are. Economists regard it with growing distrust as an indicator of social welfare but they nevertheless continue to use it as a convenient shorthand measure.

Measuring GNP: Factor cost versus market price

In the previous editions, the Atlas used GNP valued at factor cost, that is to say, net of all indirect taxes and subsidies. This year, GNP is recorded at market prices, the prices at which the transactions actually take place. Market price figures are generally higher than those at factor cost, so that the per capita GNP figures for individual countries tend to be somewhat higher than those in preceding editions of the Atlas.

Conversion at official exchange rate

The new Atlas converts the GNP figures into U. S. dollars by using the average exchange rates for 1965-71, thus minimizing the effects of over or undervaluation of particular exchange rates in particular years. A full account of the method used can be obtained on request from the Economic and Social Data Division, Economic Analysis and Projections Department of the World Bank. Since many traditional goods, which are not traded internationally and so do not affect the exchange rate, tend to be cheap in relation to traded goods, the equivalent of a dollar tends to go further in meeting people’s day-to-day wants in the low income countries than in industrialized nations such as Germany or the United States. Thus the figures tend to exaggerate the differences in the standard of living between the poorer and the richer countries—though these differences are nevertheless very great.

Centrally planned economies

In centrally planned economies—most countries of Eastern Europe, for example—the prices of most goods are set by the authorities. In other countries prices are determined by the more or less free play of the market. The two methods may produce quite different price patterns. For this and for other reasons, caution must be used in comparing the Atlas figures for centrally planned economies with those for other countries.

“The World Bank Atlas tables again demonstrate that many developing nations are achieving economic growth rates which approach or exceed the 6 per cent target of the Second Development Decade. They show that the economic base in many cases is very small; they show that much of the advance is offset by the persistence of high birth rates.

No statistics can describe adequately the day-to-day deprivations that degrade the human dignity of hundreds of millions of people in the developing world. Nevertheless, behind the statistics presented here one can sense the enormity and urgency of the development task.”

Population (mid-1970) and Average Annual Growth Rates (1960-70)Countries with populations of a million or more.
COUNTRYPOPULATION

(thousands)
GROWTH

RATE

(per cent)
CHINA (Mainland)836,0002.0
INDIA538,1292.3
USSR242,7681.2
UNITED STATES204,8001.2
PAKISTAN ANDBANGLADESH130,1662.7
INDONESIA115,5672.0
JAPAN103,3901.0
BRAZIL92,7642.9
GERMANY, FEDERAL REP. OF61,5601.0
UNITED KINGDOM55,7300.6
NIGERIA55,0702.9
ITALY53,6670.8
FRANCE50,7751.0
MEXICO50,6703.5
PHILIPPINES36,8503.0
THAILAND36,2183.1
TURKEY35,2302.5
SPAIN33,6451.1
EGYPT, ARAB REP. OF33,3292.5
POLAND32,8071.0
KOREA, REP. OF31,7932.6
IRAN28,6622.9
BURMA27,5842.1
ETHIOPIA24,6252.2
ARGENTINA23,2121.5
SOUTH AFRICA 122,1603.0
COLOMBIA21,6323.2
CANADA21,4061.8
VIET-NAM (North)21,1502.8
YUGOSLAVIA20,5401.1
ROMANIA20,2530.9
ZAIRE18,8002.8
VIET-NAM, REP. OF18,3322.6
GERMANY (East;17,2500.0
SUDAN15,6952.9
MOROCCO15,4952.9
CZECHOSLOVAKIA14,4670.6
ALGERIA14,3303.1
AFGHANISTAN14,3002.0
CHINA, REP. OF
(Taiwan)14,0352.9
KOREA (North)13,8902.7
PERU13,5863.1
TANZANIA 213,2702.5
NETHERLANDS13,0191.3
AUSTRALIA12,5522.0
SRI LANKA12,5142.4
KENYA11,2503.1
NEPAL11,0601.8
MALAYSIA10,9453.1
VENEZUELA10,3993.5
HUNGARY10,3310.3
UGANDA9,8142.7
CHILE9,7802.3
BELGIUM9,6830.6
IRAQ9,6783.5
PORTUGAL9,6350.9
GREECE8,8920.7
GHANA8,6402.6
BULGARIA8,4900.8
CUBA8,3902.1
SWEDEN8,0400.7
MOZAMBIQUE7,7291.9
KHMER REP.7,4853.2
AUSTRIA7,3900.5
SAUDI ARABIA7,3601.7
MALAGASY REPUBLIC7,3102.6
SWITZERLAND6,2811.5
SYRIA, ARAB REP. OF6,0982.9
ECUADOR6,0933.4
CAMEROON5,8362.1
YEMEN, ARAB REP. OF5,7302.2
ANGOLA5,5011.3
UPPER VOLTA5,3842.1
RHODESIA5,3103.3
GUATEMALA5,1903.1
TUNISIA5,0753.0
MALI5,0182.1
IVORY COAST4,9413.0
BOLIVIA4,9312.6
DENMARK4,9210.7
HAITI4,8672.0
FINLAND4,6950.6
MALAWI4,4402.6
ZAMBIA4,1362.5
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC4,0683.0
NIGER4,0202.9
GUINEA3,9802.6
HONG KONG3,9602.5
NORWAY3,8790.8
SENEGAL3,8702.1
CHAD3,6401.8
RWANDA3,5963.0
BURUNDI3,5442.0
EL SALVADOR3,5343.7
LAOS2,9622.4
IRELAND2,9440.4
ISRAEL2,9103.2
URUGUAY2,8861.3
PUERTO RICO2,8421.8
SOMALIA2,8282.4
NEW ZEALAND2,8161.7
LEBANON2,7262.5
DAHOMEY2,7082.9
SIERRA LEONE2,5551.4
HONDURAS2,5203.3
PAPUA NEW GUINEA2,4202.3
PARAGUAY2,3793.1
JORDAN2,3173.5
ALBANIA2,1702.9
SINGAPORE2,0752.4
NICARAGUA1,9843.5
TOGO1,9562.7
LIBYA, ARAB REP. OF1,9403.7
JAMAICA1,8881.6
COSTA RICA1,7273.3
CENTRAL AFRICAN
REPUBLIC1,5522.6
LIBERIA1,5203.0
PANAMA1,4643.3
MONGOLIA1,2803.0
YEMEN, PEOPLE’S DEM.
REP. OF1,2552.3
MAURITANIA1,1701.9
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO1,0272.1

Including Namibia.

Mainland Tanzania.

Including Namibia.

Mainland Tanzania.

Grass National Product Per capita at Market Prices (1970) and Average Annual Growth Rate (1960-70)Countries with populations of a million or more.
COUNTRYGNP per

CAPITA

(US dollars)
GROWTH

RATE

(per cent)
UNITED STATES4,7603.2
SWEDEN4,0403.8
CANADA3,7003.6
SWITZERLAND3,3202.5
DENMARK3,1903.7
FRANCE3,1004.6
GERMANY, FED. REP. OF2,9303.5
NORWAY2,8604.1
AUSTRALIA2,8203.1
BELGIUM2,7204.0
NEW ZEALAND2,7002.1
GERMANY (East)2,4904.2
NETHERLANDS2,4303.9
FINLAND2,3903.9
UNITED KINGDOM2,2702.2
CZECHOSLOVAKIA2,2303.8
AUSTRIA2,0103.9
ISRAEL1,9604.7
JAPAN1,9209.6
USSR1,7905.8
LIBYA, ARAB REP. OF1,77020.4
ITALY1,7604.6
PUERTO RICO1,6505.8
HUNGARY1,6005.4
POLAND1,4005.2
IRELAND1,3603.6
ARGENTINA1,1602.5
GREECE1,0906.6
SPAIN1,0206.1
VENEZUELA9802.3
HONG KONG9708.4
ROMANIA9307.7
SINGAPORE9205.2
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO8601.9
URUGUAY820−0.4
BULGARIA7607.4
SOUTH AFRICA17603.0
PANAMA7304.2
CHILE7201.6
JAMAICA6703.5
MEXICO6703.7
PORTUGAL6605.3
YUGOSLAVIA6504.3
ALBANIA6004.8
LEBANON5900.5
COSTA RICA5603.2
CUBA530−0.6
MONGOLIA4600.0
PERU4501.4
SAUDI ARABIA4408.0
NICARAGUA4302.8
BRAZIL4202.4
ZAMBIA4007.1
CHINA, REP. OF3907.1
IRAN3805.4
MALAYSIA3803.1
GUATEMALA3602.0
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC3500.5
COLOMBIA3401.7
KOREA (North)3305.1
IRAQ3202.5
TURKEY3103.9
IVORY COAST3104.5
GHANA310−0.4
ANGOLA3003.2
EL SALVADOR3001.7
ALGERIA23001.7
PAPUA NEW GUINEA3004.5
SYRIA, ARAB REP. OF2903.4
ECUADOR2901.7
HONDURAS2801.8
RHODESIA2800.4
PARAGUAY2601.3
TUNISIA2500.5
KOREA, REP. OF2506.8
JORDAN*2502.9
LIBERIA2400.9
MOZAMIQUE2403.4
MOROCCO2301.0
SENEGAL2300.0
PHILIPPINES2102.9
EGYPT, ARAB REP. OF2101.7
VIET-NAM, REP. OF2001.0
THAILAND2004.9
SIERRA LEONE1904.7
CAMEROON1803.8
BOLIVIA1802.5
CHINA (Mainland)1602.1
KENYA1503.6
CENTRAL AFRICAN REP.1400.2
MAURITANIA*1404.5
TOGO1401.2
MALAGASY REP.1301.2
KHMER REP.1300.1
UGANDA1302.4
NIGERIA1200.1
LAOS*1201.9
SUDAN1201.0
GUINEA*1202.7
YEMEN, PEOPLE’S DEM. REP. OF120−5.0
SRI LANKA1101.5
INDIA1101.2
HAITI110−0.9
TANZANIA 31003.6
VIET-NAM (North)1003.2
PAKISTAN ANDBANGLADESH1002.4
NIGER*90−2.0
DAHOMEY*900.1
ZAIRE*902.7
CHAD*800.4
NEPAL*800.5
BURMA*800.6
YEMEN, ARAB REP. OF*802.0
INDONESIA*801.0
ETHIOPIA*802.8
AFGHANISTAN*800.5
MALAWI*802.1
SOMALIA*70−1.1
MALI*704.4
UPPER VOLTA*60−0.6
BURUNDI*600.8
RWANDA*60−1.5
Note: In view of the usual errors inherent in this type of data and to avoid a misleading impression of accuracy, the figures for GNP per capita have been rounded to the nearest $10.Note: The gross national product estimates on which the per capita figures are based are calculated at market prices. Thus they include indirect taxes net of subsidies.

Including Namibia.

Growth rate relates to the period 1963-1970.

Mainland Tanzania.

Estimates of GNP per capita and its growth rate are tentative. In some instances GNP per capita estimates of under 100 dollars are based on data that have a large margin of error, and are thus likely to be less reliable than estimates of over 100 dollars.

Estimates of GNP per capita and its growth rate have a wide margin of error mainly because of the problems in deriving the GNP at market prices from net material product and in converting the GNP estimate into US dollars.

Note: In view of the usual errors inherent in this type of data and to avoid a misleading impression of accuracy, the figures for GNP per capita have been rounded to the nearest $10.Note: The gross national product estimates on which the per capita figures are based are calculated at market prices. Thus they include indirect taxes net of subsidies.

Including Namibia.

Growth rate relates to the period 1963-1970.

Mainland Tanzania.

Estimates of GNP per capita and its growth rate are tentative. In some instances GNP per capita estimates of under 100 dollars are based on data that have a large margin of error, and are thus likely to be less reliable than estimates of over 100 dollars.

Estimates of GNP per capita and its growth rate have a wide margin of error mainly because of the problems in deriving the GNP at market prices from net material product and in converting the GNP estimate into US dollars.

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