Back Matter

Back Matter

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund
Published Date:
April 2012
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Appendix Classification of Economies by Region and Income, Fiscal 2012
East Asia and Pacific
American SamoaUMC
CambodiaLIC
ChinaUMC
FijiLMC
IndonesiaLMC
KiribatiLMC
Korea, Dem. Rep.LIC
Lao PDRLMC
MalaysiaUMC
Marshall IslandsLMC
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.LMC
MongoliaLMC
MyanmarLIC
PanamaUMC
Papua New GuineaLMC
PhilippinesLMC
SamoaLMC
Solomon IslandsLMC
ThailandUMC
Timor-LesteLMC
TongaLMC
TuvaluLMC
VanuatuLMC
VietnamLMC
Europe and Central Asia
AlbaniaUMC
ArmeniaLMC
AzerbaijanUMC
BelarusUMC
Bosnia and HerzegovinaUMC
BulgariaUMC
GeorgiaLMC
KazakhstanUMC
KosovoLMC
Kyrgyz RepublicLIC
LatviaUMC
LithuaniaUMC
Macedonia, FYRUMC
MoldovaLMC
MontenegroUMC
RomaniaUMC
Russian FederationUMC
SerbiaUMC
TajikistanLIC
TurkeyUMC
TurkmenistanLMC
UkraineLMC
UzbekistanLMC
Latin America and the Caribbean
Antigua and BarbudaUMC
ArgentinaUMC
BelizeLMC
BoliviaLMC
BrazilUMC
ChileUMC
ColombiaUMC
Costa RicaUMC
CubaUMC
DominicaUMC
Dominican RepublicUMC
EcuadorUMC
El SalvadorLMC
GrenadaUMC
GuatemalaLMC
GuyanaLMC
HaitiLIC
HondurasLMC
JamaicaUMC
MexicoUMC
NicaraguaLMC
Antigua and BarbudaUMC
ArgentinaUMC
BelizeLMC
BoliviaLMC
St. LuciaUMC
St. Vincent and the GrenadinesUMC
SurinameUMC
UruguayUMC
Venezuela, RBUMC
Middle East and North Africa
AlgeriaUMC
DjiboutiLMC
Egypt, Arab Rep.LMC
Iran, Islamic Rep.UMC
IraqLMC
JordanUMC
LebanonUMC
LibyaUMC
MoroccoLMC
Syrian Arab RepublicLMC
TunisiaUMC
West Bank and GazaLMC
Yemen, Rep.LMC
South Asia
AfghanistanLIC
BangladeshLIC
BhutanLMC
IndiaLMC
MaldivesUMC
NepalLIC
PakistanLMC
Sri LankaLMC
Sub-Saharan Africa
AngolaLMC
BeninLIC
BotswanaUMC
Burkina FasoLIC
BurundiLIC
CameroonLMC
Cape VerdeLMC
Central African RepublicLIC
ChadLIC
ComorosLIC
Congo, Dem. Rep.LIC
Congo, Rep.LMC
Côte d’IvoireLMC
EritreaLIC
EthiopiaLIC
GabonUMC
Gambia, TheLIC
GhanaLMC
GuineaLIC
Guinea-BissauLIC
KenyaLIC
LesothoLMC
LiberiaLIC
MadagascarLIC
MalawiLIC
MaliLIC
MauritaniaLMC
MauritiusUMC
MayotteUMC
MozambiqueLIC
NamibiaUMC
NigerLIC
NigeriaLMC
RwandaLIC
São Tomé and PrincipeLMC
SenegalLMC
SeychellesUMC
Sierra LeoneLIC
SomaliaLIC
South AfricaUMC
SudanLMC
SwazilandLMC
TanzaniaLIC
TogoLIC
UgandaLIC
ZambiaLMC
ZimbabweLIC
High-income OECD Economics
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Japan
Korea, Rep.
Luxembourg
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
United Kingdom
United States
Other high-income economies
Andorra
Aruba
Bahamas, The
Bahrain
Barbados
Bermuda
Brunei Darussalam
Cayman Islands
Channel Islands
Croatia
Curaçao
Cyprus
Equatorial Guinea
Faeroe Islands
French Polynesia
Gibraltar
Greenland
Guam
Hong Kong SAR, China
Isle of Man
Kuwait
Liechtenstein
Macao SAR, China
Malta
Monaco
New Caledonia
Northern Mariana Islands
Oman
Puerto Rico
Qatar
San Marino
Saudi Arabia
Singapore
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
St. Martin (French part)
Taiwan, China
Trinidad and Tobago
Turks and Caicos Islands
United Arab Emirates
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Note: This table classifies all World Bank member economies, and all other economies with populations of more than 30,000. Economies are divided among income groups according to 2010 GNI per capita, calculated using the World Bank Atlas method. The groups are: low income, $1,005 or less; lower middle income, $1,006-$3,975; upper middle income, $3,976-$12,275; and high income, $12,276 or more.Source: World Bank data.
Note: This table classifies all World Bank member economies, and all other economies with populations of more than 30,000. Economies are divided among income groups according to 2010 GNI per capita, calculated using the World Bank Atlas method. The groups are: low income, $1,005 or less; lower middle income, $1,006-$3,975; upper middle income, $3,976-$12,275; and high income, $12,276 or more.Source: World Bank data.

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What has been the impact of yet another food price spike on developing countries’ ability to make progress toward the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)? How many poor people have been prevented from lifting themselves out of poverty? How many people, and how many children, have seen their personal growth and development permanently harmed because their families could not afford to buy food? Finally, what can countries do to respond to higher and more volatile food prices? Global Monitoring Report 2012: Food Prices, Nutrition, and the Millennium Development Goals examines these questions. It summarizes the effects of food prices on several MDGs, stressing that recent food price spikes have prevented millions of households from escaping extreme poverty. The report advocates using agricultural policy to orchestrate a supply response; deploying social safety nets to improve resilience; strengthening nutritional policy to manage the implications of early childhood development; and implementing trade policy to improve access to food markets, reduce volatility, and induce productivity gains. The report acknowledges that one size does not fit all and that sequencing and prioritizing various policy initiatives depend critically on the initial situation a country or region finds itself in. It also discusses support by the international community.

The world has met two global MDG targets well before the 2015 deadline. Estimates based on preliminary surveys indicate that the share of people living in extreme poverty in 2010 was half what it was in 1990. The world has also halved the share of people with no safe drinking water. The goal of gender parity in primary and secondary education is on track to be met in 2015, and the goal of ensuring that children everywhere—boys and girls alike—are able to complete primary school is nearly on track. But the MDGs closely linked to food and nutrition, particularly those that aim to reduce child and maternal mortality, are lagging.

Global Monitoring Report 2012 was prepared jointly by the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, with consultations and collaborations with regional development banks and other multilateral partners.

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