Chapter

Article IV, Section 1: Transactions and Computations Involving Fluctuating Currencies

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund
Published Date:
September 1962
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Transactions and Computations Involving Fluctuating Currencies

The Fund has examined certain problems relating to the adjustment of its holdings of fluctuating currencies and to transactions and computations involving such currencies and has come to the following conclusions:

  • I. The Fund does not intend to apply the rules set forth in II below to its holdings of members’ currencies having fluctuating rates when there is no practical interest for the Fund or members to do so. To avoid misunderstanding, it may be useful to point out that these rules do not constitute a formula for dealing with the currencies of countries in which current transactions are conducted at multiple rates.

  • II. Subject to I above, the following rules are adopted:

    Where the foreign exchange value of a currency fluctuates so that exchange transactions in that currency are not based on parity in accordance with Article IV, Section 3, and the Fund decides to apply Article IV, Section 8, computations by the Fund relating to that currency (hereinafter referred to as “fluctuating currency”) for the purpose of applying the provisions of the Articles of Agreement of the Fund will be made as follows:

      • 1. (i) Computations will be based on the mid-point between the highest rate and the lowest rate for the United States dollar quoted, for cable transfers for spot delivery, in the main financial center of the country of the fluctuating currency on the day specified in sub-paragraph (ii) below; provided, however, that when prescribed by sub-paragraph (iii) below computations will be based on the mid-point between the highest rate and the lowest rate for the fluctuating currency quoted in New York for cable transfers for spot delivery. Arrangements will be made with the Fund’s depository in the country of the appropriate exchange market as determined hereunder to communicate to the Fund the rates referred to in this sub-paragraph (i).

      • (ii) For the purpose of sub-paragraph (i) the specified day will be:

        • (a) For the sale or purchase by the Fund of a fluctuating currency in exchange for another currency, or the purchase of gold by the Fund under Article V, Section 6(a), or voluntary repurchase, the last business day, in the main financial center of the country of the fluctuating currency, before the Fund instructs its depository to transfer or receive the fluctuating currency.

        • (b) For computations for the purpose of Article V, Section 7(b) or Article V, Section 8(f), the day as of which the computation is made.

      • (iii) If a mid-point cannot be determined in the main financial center of the country of the fluctuating currency in accordance with sub-paragraph (i) for the day specified in sub-paragraph (ii), there will be substituted therefore the mid-point for the fluctuating currency in New York determined in accordance with sub-paragraph (i) for the same calendar day. If no such mid-point can be determined for that day, there will then be substituted, to the extent necessary, first the previous business day in the main financial center of the country of the fluctuating currency, and secondly the same calendar day in New York. This procedure will be followed to the extent necessary, until a mid-point is determined in accordance with sub-paragraph (i), except where the Fund decides to make a special determination under paragraph 6 below.

    • 2. Where as the result of the application of paragraph 1 the amount of currency which the Fund has agreed to sell would exceed the amount that the purchasing member is entitled to purchase under Article V, Section 3(a) (iii), the amount of currency to be sold will be reduced to the amount the purchasing member is entitled to purchase under that provision unless the Fund makes a waiver under Article V, Section 4.

    • 3. The Fund will revalue all of its holdings of a fluctuating currency on the basis of the mid-point employed for a computation under paragraph 1, and such revaluation will take effect as of the day specified for the computation in sub-paragraph (ii) of paragraph 1. As a minimum, revaluation will be made as of each July 31, October 31, January 31, and April 30.

    • 4. Whenever the Fund revalues its holdings of a fluctuating currency under paragraph 3, it will establish an account receivable or an account payable, as the case may be, in respect of the amount of the currency payable by or to the member under Article IV, Section 8. For the purpose of applying the provisions of the Articles as of any date, the Fund’s holdings of the fluctuating currency will be deemed to be its actual holdings plus the balance in any such account receivable or minus the balance in any such account payable as of that date.

    • 5. Any account receivable or payable established under paragraph 4 above will be settled promptly after each July 31, October 31, January 31, and April 30, provided, however, that settlement will not be necessary for any July 31, October 31, or January 31 on which the mid-point as determined under paragraph 1 above does not differ by more than five per cent from the rate for the last settlement. Settlement of any account receivable or payable established under paragraph 4 above will always be made when requested by either the Fund or the member.

    • 6. In any case in which it appears to the Fund that any of the provisions of paragraphs 1 to 5 above are not adequate or satisfactory, the Fund will make a special determination for the treatment of such case.

  • III. Sections I and II above of this decision shall be communicated to members together with SM/54/25 as amended by SM/54/25, Supplement 1 as an explanatory memorandum.

Decision No. 321-(54/32)

June 15, 1954

Transactions and Computations Involving Fluctuating Currencies

The foregoing Decision No. 321-(54/32) was amended as follows:—

  • 1. …………………………………………………………………………………………………….

  • 2. There shall be added after “Article V, Section 6(a),” in paragraph II.1(ii)(a) of Executive Board Decision No. 321-(54/32) the words “or the sale of gold by the Fund under Article VII, Section 2,”.

  • 3. The sales referred to in paragraph 1 above shall be at the parity price, or in accordance with Decision No. 321-(54/32) as amended by paragraph 2 above where Decision No. 321-(54/32) applies, and without the payment of charges.

Decision No. 1245-(61/45)

August 4, 1961

Transactions and Computations Involving Fluctuating Currencies

Paragraph II.1(ii)(a) of Executive Board Decision No. 321-(54/32) is amended to read as follows:

For the sale or purchase by the Fund of a fluctuating currency in exchange for another currency, or the purchase of gold by the Fund under Article V, Section 6(a), or the sale of gold by the Fund under Article VII, Section 2, or voluntary repurchase, or borrowing or the repayment of borrowing under Article VII, Section 2, the last business day in the main financial center of the country of the fluctuating currency, before the Fund instructs its depository to transfer or receive the fluctuating currency.

Decision No. 1283-(61/56)

December 20, 1961

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