F. Increases in Quotas of Members-Eighth General Review
- International Monetary Fund
- Published Date:
- June 1992
Report of the Executive Board to the Board of Governors
1. Article III, Section 2(a) of the Articles of Agreement provides that “The Board of Governors shall at intervals of not more than five years conduct a general review, and if it deems it appropriate, propose an adjustment of the quotas of the members. It may also, if it thinks fit, consider at any other time the adjustment of any particular quota at the request of the member concerned.” This report and the attached Resolution on increases in quotas under the current, i.e., Eighth, General Review are submitted to the Board of Governors in accordance with Article III, Section 2.
2. The Seventh General Review of Quotas was completed by Board of Governors Resolution No. 34-2, adopted December 11, 1978. To comply with the five-year interval prescribed by Article III, Section 2(a), the Eighth General Review has to be completed not later than December 11, 1983. In the Report of the Executive Board to the Board of Governors on Increases in Quotas of Fund Members—Seventh General Review, it was stated that:
The Executive Board will review the customary method of calculating quotas after the Seventh Review of Quotas has been completed. In the context of the next general review of quotas, the Executive Board will examine the quota shares of members in relation to their positions in the world economy with a view to adjusting those shares better to reflect members’ relative economic positions while having regard to the desirability of an appropriate balance in the composition of the Executive Board.
3. At its meeting in Helsinki, Finland, in May 1982, the Interim Committee urged the Executive Board to pursue its work on the Eighth General Review as a matter of high priority. At that meeting the Committee also “…noting that the present quotas of a significant number of members do not reflect their relative positions in the world economy, … reaffirmed its view that the occasion of an enlargement of the Fund under the Eighth General Review should be used to bring the quotas of these members more in line with their relative positions, taking account of the case for maintaining a proper balance between the different groups of countries.” At its meeting in Toronto, Canada, in September 1982, the Committee noted that “there was widespread support in the Committee on the urgent need for a substantial increase in quotas under the Eighth General Review” and “urged the Executive Board to pursue its work on the issues of the Review as a matter of high priority, so that the remaining issues on the size and distribution of the quota increase could be resolved by the time of the Committee’s next meeting in April 1983.”
4. In its discussions on the Eighth General Review, the Executive Board has considered, inter alia, (i) the method of calculating quotas; (ii) the size of the overall increase in quotas; (iii) the distribution of the overall increase; (iv) the position of countries with very small quotas in the Fund; and (v) the mode of payment for the increase in quotas.
5. As regards the Executive Board’s review of the method of calculating quotas, the Executive Board agreed to certain changes regarding the quota formulas used for calculating quotas in connection with the Eighth General Review. The Executive Board accepted the quota calculations based on the revised quota formulas as reasonable indicators of the relative positions of countries in the world economy, though some Directors felt that they do not provide a wholly satisfactory measure of relative economic positions. It is understood that the changes that have been made do not preclude further appropriate changes in connection with future reviews.
6. At the meeting of the Interim Committee held in Washington in February 1983, which had been advanced from April 1983, agreement was reached on all major issues of the Eighth Review, as reflected in the relevant passages from the Committee’s communiqué of February 11, 1983, as follows:
- (a) The total of Fund quotas should be increased under the Eighth General Review from approximately SDR 61.03 billion to SDR 90 billion (equivalent to about US$98.5 billion).
- (b) Forty percent of the overall increase should be distributed to all members in proportion to their present individual quotas, and the balance of sixty percent should be distributed in the form of selective adjustments in proportion to each member’s share in the total of the calculated quotas, i.e., the quotas that broadly reflect members’ relative positions in the world economy.
- (c) Twenty-five percent of the increase in each member’s quota should be paid in SDRs or in usable currencies of other members.
The Committee also considered the possibility of a special adjustment of very small quotas, i.e., those quotas that are currently less than SDR 10 million, and agreed to refer this matter to the Executive Board for urgent consideration in connection with the implementation of the main decision.
7. As requested by the Interim Committee at its meeting on February 11, 1983, the Executive Board has considered the position of the 17 members with very small quotas—i.e., those with quotas that at present are less than SDR 10 million. The Executive Board proposes that the quotas of these members should, after being increased in accordance with (b) quoted in paragraph 6 above, be further adjusted to the next higher multiple of SDR 0.5 million. The Executive Board proposes that all other quotas be rounded to the next higher multiple of SDR 0.1 million. The rounding to SDR 0.5 million would provide for larger quota increases relative to present quotas for most of the members with very small quotas.
8. In accordance with the agreement reached by the Interim Committee at its meeting on February 11, 1983, on items (a) and (b) quoted in paragraph 6 above and with rounding adjustments indicated in paragraph 7 above, the Executive Board proposes to the Board of Governors that the new quotas of members be as set out in the Annex to the proposed Resolution. These increases would raise Fund quotas from approximately SDR 61 billion to approximately SDR 90 billion.
9. Article III, Section 3(a) provides that 25 percent of any increase shall be paid in special drawing rights, but permits the Board of Governors to prescribe, inter alia, that this payment may be made on the same basis for all members, in whole or in part in the currencies of other members specified by the Fund, subject to their concurrence. Paragraph 5 of the Resolution provides that 25 percent of the increase in quotas proposed as a result of the current review should be paid in SDRs or in currencies of other members selected by the Fund, subject to their concurrence, or in any combination of SDRs and such currencies. The balance of the increase shall be paid in a member’s own currency. A reserve asset payment will help strengthen the liquidity of the Fund and will not impose an undue burden on members because under the existing decisions of the Fund a reserve asset payment will either enlarge or create a reserve tranche position of an equivalent amount. In addition, the Fund stands ready to assist members that do not hold sufficient reserves to make their reserve asset payments to the Fund to borrow SDRs from other members willing to cooperate; these loans would be made on the condition that such members would repay on the same day the loans from the SDR proceeds of drawings of reserve tranches which had been established by the payment of SDRs.
10. Under the proposed Resolution, a member will be able to consent only to the amount of quota proposed for it in the Annex. A member will be able to consent to the increase in its quota at any time before 6:00 p.m., Washington time, November 30, 1983. In order to meet this time, members will have until the end of November 1983 to complete whatever action may be necessary under their laws to enable them to give their consents.
11. A member’s quota cannot be increased until it has consented to the increase and paid the subscription. Under the proposed Resolution, the increase in a member’s quota will take effect only after the Fund has received the member’s consent to the increase in quota and a member has paid the increase in subscription, provided that the quota cannot become effective before the date on which the Fund determines that the participation requirement in paragraph 2 of the proposed Resolution has been satisfied. The Executive Board is authorized by paragraph 3 of the proposed Resolution to extend the period of consent.
12. The participation requirement in paragraph 2 will be reached when the Fund determines that members having not less than 70 percent of the total of quotas on February 28, 1983 have consented to the increases in their respective quotas as set out in the Annex.
13. The proposed Resolution provides that a member must pay the increase in its subscription within 30 days after (a) the date on which the member notifies the Fund of its consent, or (b) the date on which the participation requirement is met, whichever is the later.
14. The Executive Board recommends that the Board of Governors adopt the attached Resolution that covers all the matters on which the Governors are requested to act. The adoption of the Resolution requires positive responses from Governors having an 85 percent majority of the total voting power.
February 25, 1983
Proposed Resolution of the Board of Governors*
Whereas the Executive Board has submitted to the Board of Governors a report entitled “Increases in Quotas of Fund Members—Eighth General Review” containing recommendations on increases in the quotas of individual members of the Fund; and
Whereas the Executive Board has recommended the adoption of the following Resolution of the Board of Governors, which Resolution proposes increases in the quotas of members of the Fund as a result of the Eighth General Review of Quotas and deals with certain related matters, by vote without meeting pursuant to Section 13 of the By-Laws of the Fund;
Now, therefore, the Board of Governors hereby resolves that:
1. The International Monetary Fund proposes that, subject to the provisions of this Resolution, the quotas of members of the Fund shall be increased to the amounts shown against their names in the Annex to this Resolution.
2. A member’s increase in quota as proposed by this Resolution shall not become effective unless the member has notified the Fund of its consent to the increase not later than the date prescribed by or under paragraph 3 below and has paid the increase in quota in full, provided that no increase in quota shall become effective before the date of the Fund’s determination that members having not less than 70 percent of the total of quotas on February 28, 1983 have consented to the increases in their quotas.
3. Notices in accordance with paragraph 2 above shall be executed by a duly authorized official of the member and must be received in the Fund before 6:00 p.m., Washington time, November 30, 1983, provided that the Executive Board may extend this period as it may determine.
4. Each member shall pay to the Fund the increase in its quota within 30 days after the later of (a) the date on which it notifies the Fund of its consent, or (b) the date of the Fund’s determination under paragraph 2 above.
5. Each member shall pay 25 percent of its increase either in special drawing rights or in the currencies of other members specified, with their concurrence, by the Fund, or in any combination of special drawing rights and such currencies. The balance of the increase shall be paid by the member in its own currency.
|Proposed Maximum Quota|
|(In millions of SDRs)|
|3. Antigua and Barbuda||5.0|
|22. Cape Verde||4.5|
|23. Central African Republic||30.4|
|29. Congo, People’s Republic of the||37.3|
|30. Costa Rica||84.1|
|35. Dominican Republic||112.1|
|38. El Salvador||89.0|
|39. Equatorial Guinea||18.4|
|45. Gambia, The||17.1|
|46. Germany, Federal Republic of||5,403.7|
|60. Iran, Islamic Republic of||1,117.4|
|65. Ivory Coast||165.5|
|69. Kampuchea, Democratic||25.0|
|73. Lao People’s Democratic Republic||29.3|
|91. New Zealand||461.6|
|99. Papua New Guinea||65.9|
|107. St. Lucia||7.5|
|108. St. Vincent||4.0|
|109. São Tomé and Principe||4.0|
|110. Saudi Arabia||3,202.4|
|113. Sierra Leone||57.9|
|115. Solomon Islands||5.0|
|117. South Africa||915.7|
|119. Sri Lanka||223.1|
|124. Syrian Arab Republic||139.1|
|128. Trinidad and Tobago||170.1|
|132. United Arab Emirates||385.9|
|133. United Kingdom||1,194.0|
|134. United States||17,918.3|
|135. Upper Volta||31.6|
|139. Viet Nam||176.8|
|140. Western Samoa||6.0|
|141. Yemen Arab Republic||43.3|
|142. Yemen, People’s Democratic Republic of||77.2|
Adopted by the Board of Governors, effective March 31, 1983, and designated No. 38-1.