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Front Matter

Front Matter

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department
Published Date:
October 2014
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Contents

Country Chapters1

Afghanistan

Albania

Algeria

Angola

Antigua and Barbuda

Argentina

Armenia

Aruba

Australia

Austria

Azerbaijan

The Bahamas

Bahrain

Bangladesh

Barbados

Belarus

Belgium

Belize

Benin

Bhutan

Bolivia

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Botswana

Brazil

Brunei Darussalam

Bulgaria

Burkina Faso

Burundi

Cabo Verde

Cambodia

Cameroon

Canada

Central African Republic

Chad

Chile

China

Colombia

Comoros

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Republic of Congo

Costa Rica

Côte d’Ivoire

Croatia

Curaçao and Sint Maarten

Cyprus

Czech Republic

Denmark

Djibouti

Dominica

Dominican Republic

Ecuador

Egypt

El Salvador

Equatorial Guinea

Eritrea

Estonia

Ethiopia

Fiji

Finland

France

Gabon

The Gambia

Georgia

Germany

Ghana

Greece

Grenada

Guatemala

Guinea

Guinea-Bissau

Guyana

Haiti

Honduras

Hong Kong SAR

Hungary

Iceland

India

Indonesia

Islamic Republic of Iran

Iraq

Ireland

Israel

Italy

Jamaica

Japan

Jordan

Kazakhstan

Kenya

Kiribati

Korea

Kosovo

Kuwait

Kyrgyz Republic

Lao P.D.R.

Latvia

Lebanon

Lesotho

Liberia

Libya

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Madagascar

Malawi

Malaysia

Maldives

Mali

Malta

Marshall Islands

Mauritania

Mauritius

Mexico

Micronesia

Moldova

Mongolia

Montenegro

Morocco

Mozambique

Myanmar

Namibia

Nepal

Netherlands

New Zealand

Nicaragua

Niger

Nigeria

Norway

Oman

Pakistan

Palau

Panama

Papua New Guinea

Paraguay

Peru

Philippines

Poland

Portugal

Qatar

Romania

Russia

Rwanda

St. Kitts and Nevis

St. Lucia

St. Vincent and the Grenadines

Samoa

San Marino

São Tomé and Príncipe

Saudi Arabia

Senegal

Serbia

Seychelles

Sierra Leone

Singapore

Slovak Republic

Slovenia

Solomon Islands

Somalia

South Africa

South Sudan

Spain

Sri Lanka

Sudan

Suriname

Swaziland

Sweden

Switzerland

Syria

Tajikistan

Tanzania

Thailand

Timor-Leste

Togo

Tonga

Trinidad and Tobago

Tunisia

Turkey

Turkmenistan

Tuvalu

Uganda

Ukraine

United Arab Emirates

United Kingdom

United States

Uruguay

Uzbekistan

Vanuatu

Venezuela

Vietnam

Yemen

Zambia

Zimbabwe

Preface

The Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions has been published by the IMF since 1950. It draws on information available to the IMF from a number of sources, including that provided in the course of official staff visits to member countries, and has been prepared in close consultation with national authorities.

This project was coordinated in the Monetary and Capital Markets Department by a staff team directed by Karl F. Habermeier and comprising Chikako Baba, Ricardo Cervantes, Salim Darbar, Ivett Jamborne Hankoczy, Annamaria Kokenyne, and Viktoriya Zotova. It draws on the specialized contribution of that department (for specific countries), with assistance from staff members of the IMF’s five area departments, together with staff of other departments. The Special Topic was prepared by Viktoriya Zotova. The report was edited and produced by Linda Griffin Kean, Gregg Forte, and Lucy Scott Morales of the Communications Department.

Abbreviations

Note: This list does not include acronyms of purely national institutions mentioned in the country chapters.
AANZFTAASEAN–Australia–New Zealand Free Trade Agreement
ACUAsian Clearing Union (Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Islamic Republic of Iran, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka)
ADAuthorized dealer
AFTAASEAN Free Trade Area (see ASEAN, below)
AGOAAfrican Growth and Opportunity Act (United States)
AMUAsian monetary unit
ASEANAssociation of Southeast Asian Nations (Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao P.D.R., Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam)
BCEAOCentral Bank of West African States (Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Togo)
BEACBank of Central African States (Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon)
CACMCentral American Common Market (Belize, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua)
CAFTACentral American Free Trade Agreement
CAPCommon agricultural policy (of the EU)
CARICOMCaribbean Community and Common Market (Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago); The Bahamas is also a member of CARICOM, but it does not participate in the Common Market
CBCentral bank
CEFTACentral European Free Trade Area (Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia)
CEMACCentral African Economic and Monetary Community (members of the BEAC)
CEPGLEconomic Community of the Great Lakes Countries (Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda)
CETCommon external tariff
CFACommunauté financière d’Afrique (administered by the BCEAO) and Coopération financière en Afrique centrale (administered by the BEAC)
CIMA CodeChartered Institute of Management Accountants Code of Ethics for Professional Accountants
CISCommonwealth of Independent States (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan)
CITESConvention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
CMACommon Monetary Area (a single exchange control territory comprising Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, and Swaziland)
CMEACouncil for Mutual Economic Assistance (dissolved; formerly Bulgaria, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, German Democratic Republic, Hungary, Mongolia, Poland, Romania, U.S.S.R., Vietnam)
COMESACommon Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Burundi, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Namibia, Rwanda, Seychelles, Sudan, Swaziland, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe)
EACEast African Community
EBRDEuropean Bank for Reconstruction and Development
ECEuropean Council (Council of the European Union)
ECBEuropean Central Bank
ECCBEastern Caribbean Central Bank (Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Montserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines)
ECCUEastern Caribbean Currency Union
ECOWASEconomic Community of West African States (Benin, Burkina Faso, Cabo Verde, Côte d’Ivoire, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo)
ECSCEuropean Coal and Steel Community
EEAEuropean Economic Area
EFSFEuropean Financial Stability Facility
EFSMEuropean Financial Stability Mechanism
EFTAEuropean Free Trade Association (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland)
EIBEuropean Investment Bank
EMUEuropean Economic and Monetary Union (Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain)
EPZExport processing zone
ERMExchange rate mechanism (of the European monetary system)
EUEuropean Union (formerly European Community; Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom)
FATFFinancial Action Task Force on Money Laundering (of the OECD)
FDIForeign direct investment
FECForeign exchange certificate
FSUFormer Soviet Union
G7Group of Seven advanced economies (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, United Kingdom, United States)
GAFTAGreater Arab Free Trade Agreement
GCCGulf Cooperation Council (Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf; Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates)
GSPGeneralized System of Preferences
IBRDInternational Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank)
IMFInternational Monetary Fund
LAIALatin American Integration Association (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela)
LCLetter of credit
LIBIDLondon interbank bid rate
LIBORLondon interbank offered rate
MERCOSURSouthern Cone Common Market (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Venezuela)
MFNMost favored nation
MOFMinistry of finance
NAFTANorth American Free Trade Agreement
OECDOrganisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
OECSOrganization of Eastern Caribbean States (Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Montserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines)
OGLOpen general license
OTCOver the counter
PACERPacific Agreement on Closer Economic Relations (of the Pacific Islands Forum; Australia, Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu)
PICTAPacific Island Countries Trade Agreement (of the Pacific Islands Forum); Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu)
RCPSFMRegional Council on Public Savings and Financial Markets (an institution of WAEMU countries that is involved in issuance and marketing of securities)
RIFFRegional Integration Facilitation Forum (formerly Cross-Border Initiative; Burundi, Comoros, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Namibia, Rwanda, Seychelles, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe)
SACUSouthern African Customs Union (Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland)
SADCSouthern Africa Development Community (Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe)
SDRsSpecial drawing rights
UCITSUndertakings for the Collective Investment of Transferable Securities
UDEACCentral African Customs and Economic Union (Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon)
UNUnited Nations
UNSCUN Security Council
VATValue-added tax
WAEMUWest African Economic and Monetary Union (formerly WAMU; members of the BCEAO)
WAMAWest African Monetary Agency (formerly WACH)
WAMZWest African Monetary Zone
W-ERM IIExchange rate mechanism (of the WAMZ)
WTOWorld Trade Organization

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