Chapter

Summary Features of Exchange and Trade Systems in Member Countries

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department
Published Date:
January 1990
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Summary Features of Exchange and Trade Systems in Member Countries1

(as of date shown on first Country Page)2

AfghanistanAlgeriaAngolaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArubaAustraliaAustriaThe BahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelgium and LuxembourgBelizeBeninBhutanBoliviaBotswanaBrazilBurkina FasoBurundiCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCentral African Rep.
A. Acceptance of Article Status
1. Article VIII status
2. Article XIV status
B. Exchange Arrangement3
1. Exchange rate determined on the basis of:
(a) A peg to:
(i) the U.S. dollar
(ii) the pound sterling
(iii) the French franc
(iv) other currencies4
(v) a composite of currencies

(b) Limited flexibility with respect to:
(i) single currency
(ii) cooperative arrangement
(c) More flexible arrangements:
(i) adjusted according to a set of indicators
(ii) other managed floating
(iii) independently floating
2. Separate exchange rate(s) for some or all capital transactions and/or some or all invisibles
3. More than one rate for imports
4. More than one rate for exports
5. Import rate(s) different from export rates
C. Payments Arrears
D. Bilateral Payments Arrangements
1. With members
2. With nonmembers
E. Payments Restrictions
1. Restrictions on payments for current transactions 5
2. Restrictions on payments for capital transactions 5,6
F. Cost-Related Import Restrictions
1. Import surcharges
2. Advance import deposits
G. Surrender or Repatriation Requirement for Export Proceeds
Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1990Key and Footnotes
ChadChileChina, People’s Rep. ofColombiaComorosCongoCosta RicaCôte d’IvoireCyprusDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEthiopiaFijiFinlandFranceGabonThe GambiaGermany, Fed. Rep. ofGhanaGreeceGrenadaGuatemalaGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHondurasHong KongHungary
Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1990Key and Footnotes
IcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Rep. ofIraqIrelandIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJordanKenyaKiribatiKoreaKuwaitLao People’s Dem. Rep.LebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMali
Acceptance of Article Status
1. Article VIII status
2. Article XIV status
Exchange Arrangement3
1. Exchange rate determined on the basis of:
(a) A peg to:
(i) the U.S. dollar
(ii) the pound sterling
(iii) the French franc
(iv) other currencies4
(v) a composite of currencies



(b) Limited flexibility with respect to:
(i) single currency
(ii) cooperative arrangement
(c) More flexible arrangements:
(i) adjusted according to a set of indicators
(ii) other managed floating
(iii) independently floating
2. Separate exchange rate(s) for some or all capital transactions and/or some or all invisibles
3. More than one rate for imports
4. More than one rate for exports
5. Import rate(s) different from export rates
C. Payments Arrears
D. Bilateral Payments Arrangements
1. With members
2. With nonmembers
E. Payments Restrictions
1. Restrictions on payments for current transactions5
2. Restrictions on payments for capital transactions5,6
F. Cost-Related Import Restrictions
1. Import surcharges
2. Advance import deposits
G. Surrender or Repatriation Requirement for Export Proceeds
Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1990Key and Footnotes
MaltaMauritaniaMauritiusMexicoMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNepalNetherlandsNetherlands AntillesNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNorwayOmanPakistanPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPolandPortugalQatarRomaniaRwandaSt. Kitts and NevisSt. LuciaSt. Vincent and GrenadinesSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSeychellesSierra Leone






Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1990Key and Footnotes
SingaporeSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSwazilandSwedenSyrian Arab Rep.TanzaniaThailandTogoTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyUgandaUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayVanuatuVenezuela
A. Acceptance of Article Status
1. Article VIII status
2. Article XIV status
B. Exchange Arrangement3
1. Exchange rate determined on the basis of:
(a) A peg to:
(i) the U.S. dollar
(ii) the pound sterling
(iii) the French franc
(iv) other currencies4
(v) a composite of currencies
(b) Limited flexibility with respect to:
(i) single currency
(ii) cooperative arrangement
(c) More flexible arrangements:
(i) adjusted according to a set of indicators
(ii) other managed floating
(iii) independently floating
2. Separate exchange rate(s) for some or all capital transactions and/or some or all invisibles
3. More than one rate for imports
4. More than one rate for exports
5. Import rate(s) different from export rates
C. Payments Arrears
D. Bilateral Payments Arrangements
1. With members
2. With nonmembers
E. Payments Restrictions
1. Restrictions on payments for current transactions5
2. Restrictions on payments for capital transactions5,6
F. Cost-Related Import Restrictions
1. Import surcharges
2. Advance import deposits
G. Surrender or Repatriation Requirement for Export Proceeds
Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1990Key and Footnotes
Viet NamWestern SamoaYemen Arab Rep.Yemen, P. D. R. ofYugoslaviaZaïreZambiaZimbabwe


Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1990Key and Footnotes

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