Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions, 2007
Chapter

TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department
Published Date:
October 2007
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(Position as of December 31, 2006)

Status under IMF Articles of Agreement
Article VIIIDate of acceptance: December 13, 1993.
Exchange Measures
Restrictions and/or multiple currency practicesNo restrictions as reported in the latest staff report as of December 31, 2006.
International security restrictionsNo.
References to legal instruments and hyperlinksn.a.
Exchange Arrangement
CurrencyThe currency of Trinidad and Tobago is the Trinidad and Tobago dollar.
Exchange rate structureUnitary.
Classification
Conventional pegged arrangementThe Central Bank of Trinidad and Tobago (CBTT) allows the exchange rate to move within a very narrow range around TT$6.30 per US$1.
Exchange taxNo.
Exchange subsidyNo.
Forward exchange marketBanks are allowed to conduct foreign exchange transactions, both spot and forward, with the public without limitation.
References to legal instruments and hyperlinksn.a.
Arrangements for Payments and Receipts
Prescription of currency requirementsSettlements may be made in Canadian dollars, euros, yen, Myanmar kyats, Norwegian kroner, Swedish kronor, Swiss francs, pounds sterling, and U.S. dollars.
Controls on the use of domestic currencyn.r.
Use of foreign exchange among residentsOnly ADs are allowed to buy, sell, borrow, or lend foreign currency to any person other than another AD without the permission of the CBTT.
Payments arrangements
Regional arrangementsTrinidad and Tobago is a member of CARICOM.
Clearing agreementsTrinidad and Tobago is the agent for the inoperative Caribbean Multilateral Clearing Facility.
Administration of controlAuthority to administer exchange control is vested in the CBTT acting under the authority of the MOF.
Payments arrearsNo.
Controls on trade in gold (coins and/or bullion)
On domestic ownership and/or tradeResidents are permitted to purchase, hold, or sell gold coins for numismatic purposes. Unless specifically permitted by the MOF, one party to transactions in gold between residents must be an authorized bank.
On external tradeExports of gold are controlled by the Ministry of Trade and Industry (MTI) and are subject to specific export licenses, which are normally issued only to monetary authorities.
Controls on exports and imports of banknotes
On exports
Domestic currencyFor amounts exceeding TT$20,000, a customs declaration is required.
Foreign currencyFor amounts exceeding the equivalent of US$5,000, a customs declaration is required.
On imports
Domestic currencyFor amounts exceeding TT$20,000, a customs declaration is required.
Foreign currencyFor amounts exceeding the equivalent of US$5,000, a customs declaration is required.
References to legal instruments and hyperlinksn.a.
Resident Accounts
Foreign exchange accounts permittedYes.
Held domesticallyYes.
Held abroadYes.
Accounts in domestic currency held abroadn.r.
Accounts in domestic currency convertible into foreign currencyn.r.
References to legal instruments and hyperlinksn.a.
Nonresident Accounts
Foreign exchange accounts permittedYes.
Domestic currency accountsYes.
Convertible into foreign currencyYes.
Blocked accountsNo.
References to legal instruments and hyperlinksn.a.
Imports and Import Payments
Foreign exchange budgetNo.
Financing requirements for importsNo.
Documentation requirements for release of foreign exchange for importsNo.
Import licenses and other nontariff measuresDuty-free licenses are granted to local concessionary manufacturers for imports of certain inputs for manufacturing.
Negative listImports of firearms, ammunition, and narcotics are tightly controlled.
Open general licensesAll goods, unless exempted for reasons of health or security, may be imported under OGL arrangements.
Other nontariff measuresAll imports of food and drugs must satisfy prescribed standards. Imports of meat, live animals, plants, and mining materials are subject to specific regulations.
Import taxes and/or tariffsIn accordance with the fourth phase of the CARICOM CET, the customs duty rates on most goods range from 5% to 20%. The rate on agricultural produce is 40%. The duty rates on new motor vehicles range from 25% to 45%. All goods originating from CARICOM countries are exempt from duties, as are imports of some foodstuffs, fertilizers, and raw materials. Local enterprises producing import substitutes or export goods may be granted exemptions from customs duties by the MTI and the Tourism Development Company, Ltd.
State import monopolyImports of animal feed, flour, rice, petroleum, and edible oils are traded principally by state companies.
References to legal instruments and hyperlinksn.a.
Exports and Export Proceeds
Repatriation requirementsIn practice, the foreign-owned petroleum company operating in Trinidad and Tobago repatriates all foreign exchange after providing for the equivalent of its local currency needs.
Financing requirementsNo.
Documentation requirementsNo.
Export licensesIndividual licenses are required for some foodstuffs, firearms and explosives, animals, gold, petroleum and petroleum products, and certain products not produced locally. Export licenses for all other commodities are granted under OGLs. General licenses may also be issued at the discretion of the MTI.
Without quotasMost export licenses are granted without quotas.
With quotasQuotas are sometimes established for the export of some products, such as fish, on the basis of local supply.
Export taxesNo.
References to legal instruments and hyperlinksn.a.
Payments for Invisible Transactions and Current Transfers
Controls on these transfersNo.
References to legal instruments and hyperlinksn.a.
Proceeds from Invisible Transactions and Current Transfers
Repatriation requirementsNo.
Restrictions on use of fundsNo.
References to legal instruments and hyperlinksn.a.
Capital Transactions
Controls on capital transactionsYes.
Repatriation requirementsNo.
Controls on capital and money market instrumentsCross-border trading of shares of companies listed on the respective stock exchanges is permitted among the residents of Barbados, Jamaica, and Trinidad and Tobago; residents and companies of the first two countries are designated as residents of Trinidad and Tobago for exchange control purposes in cross-border trading.
On capital market securities
Shares or other securities of a participating natureHolding shares in local companies is subject to compliance with the provisions of the Financial Institutions Act.
Controls on derivatives and other instrumentsNo.
Controls on credit operationsNo.
Controls on direct investment
Inward direct investmentHolding shares in local companies is subject to compliance with the provisions of the Foreign Investment Act.
Controls on liquidation of direct investmentNo.
Controls on real estate transactions
Purchase locally by nonresidentsHolding interest in real estate is subject to compliance with the provisions of the Foreign Investment Act.
Controls on personal capital transactionsNo.
References to legal instruments and hyperlinksn.a.
Provisions Specific to the Financial Sector
Provisions specific to commercial banks and other credit institutions
Differential treatment of deposit accounts in foreign exchange
Reserve requirementsThe reserve requirement applicable to domestic currency deposits in banks is 11%. A reserve requirement of 9% applies to nonbank institutions.
Liquid asset requirementsA liquid asset ratio of 20% on foreign currency deposits is required.
Open foreign exchange position limitsLicensed institutions are required to maintain a minimum capital position equal to 10% of their net currency exposure.
Provisions specific to institutional investors
Insurance companiesThe Insurance Act imposes other controls.
Limits (max.) on investment portfolio held abroadYes.
Limits (min.) on investment portfolio held locallyInsurance companies are required to hold at least 80% of their investment assets locally.
Pension fundsn.a.
Investment firms and collective investment fundsn.a.
References to legal instruments and hyperlinksn.a.
Changes during 2006
No significant changes occurred in the exchange and trade system.

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