- International Monetary Fund
- Published Date:
- October 1997
Purposes of the Fund
The purposes of the International Monetary Fund are:
(i) To promote international monetary cooperation through a permanent institution which provides the machinery for consultation and collaboration on international monetary problems.
(ii) To facilitate the expansion and balanced growth of international trade, and to contribute thereby to the promotion and maintenance of high levels of employment and real income and to the development of the productive resources of all members as primary objectives of economic policy.
(iii) To promote exchange stability, to maintain orderly exchange arrangements among members, and to avoid competitive exchange depreciation.
(iv) To assist in the establishment of a multilateral system of payments in respect of current transactions between members and in the elimination of foreign exchange restrictions which hamper the growth of world trade.
(v) To give confidence to members by making the general resources of the Fund temporarily available to them under adequate safeguards, thus providing them with opportunity to correct maladjustments in their balance of payments without resorting to measures destructive of national or international prosperity.
(vi) In accordance with the above, to shorten the duration and lessen the degree of disequilibrium in the international balances of payments of members.
The Fund shall be guided in all its policies and decisions by the purposes set forth in this Article.
—Article I of the Fund’s Articles of Agreement
The following conventions have been used in this Report:
… to indicate that data are not available;
— to indicate that the figure is zero or less than half the final digit shown or that the item does not exist;
– between years or months (for example, 1996–97 or January–June) to indicate the years or months covered, including the beginning and ending years or months;
/ between years or months (for example, 1996/97) to indicate a fiscal or financial year.
“Billion” means a thousand million; “trillion” means a thousand billion.
“Basis points” refer to hundredths of 1 percentage point (for example, 25 basis points are equivalent to ¼ of 1 percentage point).
Minor discrepancies between constituent figures and totals are due to rounding.
The 1996/97 financial year began May 1, 1996 and ended April 30, 1997.
All references to dollars are to U.S. dollars unless otherwise noted; as of April 30, 1997, the SDR/U.S. dollar exchange rate was US$1 = SDR 0.732318, and the U.S. dollar/SDR exchange rate was SDR 1 = US$1.36553.
The official name of Zaïre was changed to Democratic Republic of the Congo on May 17, 1997.
As used in this Report, the term “country” does not in all cases refer to a territorial entity that is a state as understood by international law and practice. As used here, the term also covers some territorial entities that are not states but for which statistical data are maintained on a separate and independent basis.
International Standard Serial Number: ISSN 0250-7498
International Standard Book Number: ISBN 1-55775-674-0
International Monetary Fund
700 19th Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20431, U.S.A.
Tel.: (202) 623–7430 Telefax: (202) 623–7201
Executive Board and Senior Officers
|Managing Director and Chairman of the Executive Board|
|First Deputy Managing Director|
|Deputy Managing Directors|
|Alassane D. Ouattara||Shigemitsu Sugisaki|
|Executive Directors||Alternate Executive Directors||Executive Directors||Alternate Executive Directors|
|Karin Lissakers||Barry S. Newman||Dinah Z. Guti||José Pedro de Morais, Jr.|
|Bernd Esdar||Wolf-Dieter Donecker||Ewen L. Waterman 1||Jung-Ho Kang 2|
|Yukio Yoshimura||Hideaki Ono||A. Shakour Shaalan||Yacoob Yousef Mohammed|
|Marc-Antoine Autheman||Ambroise Fayolle||ZAMANI Abdul Ghani||Subarjo Joyosumarto|
|Gus O’Donnell||Jon Shields||Aleksei V. Mozhin||Andrei Vernikov|
|Willy Kiekens||Johann Prader||Daniel Kaeser||Danuta Gotz-Kozierkiewicz|
|J. de Beaufort Wijnholds||Yuriy G. Yakusha||Abbas Mirakhor||Mohammed Dairi|
|Juan José Toribio||Javier Guzmán-Calafell||Alexandre Kafka||Vacant 3|
|Enzo R. Grilli||Nikolaos Coumbis||M.R. Sivaraman||H.B. Disanayaka|
|Thomas A. Bernes||Charles X. O’Loghlin||ZHANG Zhixiang||HAN Mingzhi|
|Eva Srejber||Benny Andersen||A. Guillermo Zoccali||Nicolás Eyzaguirre|
|Abdulrahman A. Al-Tuwaijri||Sulaiman M. Al-Turki||Koffi Yao||Alexandre Barro Chambrier|
|Michael Mussa Economic Counsellor||Vito Tanzi Director, Fiscal Affairs Department||Reinhard Munzberg Secretary, Secretary’s Department||Lindsay A. Wolfe Director, Office of Budget and Planning|
|K. Burke Dillon Director, Administration Department||Mohsin S. Khan Director, IMF Institute||Carol S. Carson Director, Statistics Department||Eduard Bran Director, Office of Internal Audit and Inspection|
|Evangelos A. Calamitsis Director, African Department||François P. Gianviti General Counsel, Legal Department||David Williams Treasurer, Treasurer’s Department||Kunio Saito Director, Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific|
|Hubert Neiss Director, Asia and Pacific Department||Paul Chabrier Director, Middle Eastern Department||Claudio M. Loser Director, Western Hemisphere Department||Christian Brachet Director, Office in Europe (Paris)|
|Michael C. Deppler Director, European I Department||Manuel Guitián Director, Monetary and Exchange Affairs Department||Massimo Russo Special Advisor to the Managing Director||Alan A. Tait Director and Special|
|John Odling-Smee Director, European II Department||Jack Boorman Director, Policy Development and Review Department||Warren N. Minami Director, Bureau of Computing Services||Trade Representative, Office in Geneva J.B. Zulu Director and Special Representative to the UN, Office at the United Nations|
|Shailendra J. Anjaria Director, External Relations Department||Michael Mussa Director, Research Department||Patrice Guilmard Acting Director, Bureau of Language Services|
|Ian S. McDonald|
Board of Governors, Executive Board, Interim Committee, and Development Committee
The Board of Governors, the highest decision-making body of the Fund, consists of one governor and one alternate governor for each member country. The governor is appointed by the member country and is usually the minister of finance or the governor of the central bank. All powers of the Fund are vested in the Board of Governors. The Board of Governors may delegate to the Executive Board all except certain reserved powers. The Board of Governors normally meets once a year.
The Executive Board (the Board) is responsible for conducting the day-to-day business of the Fund. It is composed of 24 Directors, who are appointed or elected by member countries or by groups of countries, and the Managing Director, who serves as its Chairman. The Board usually meets several times each week. The Executive Board carries out its work largely on the basis of papers prepared by Fund management and staff. In 1996/97, the Board spent more than half of its time on member country matters (Article IV consultations and reviews and approvals of arrangements) and most of its remaining time on policy issues (such as the world economic outlook, developments in international capital markets, the Fund’s financial resources, surveillance, data issues, the debt situation, and issues related to Fund facilities and program design).
The Interim Committee of the Board of Governors on the International Monetary System is an advisory body made up of 24 Fund governors, ministers, or other officials of comparable rank, representing the same constituencies as in the Fund’s Executive Board. The Interim Committee normally meets twice a year, in April or May, and at the time of the Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors in September or October. Among its responsibilities are to advise and report to the Board of Governors on issues regarding the management and adaptation of the international monetary system, including sudden disturbances that might threaten the international monetary system, and on proposals to amend the Articles of Agreement.
The Development Committee (the Joint Ministerial Committee of the Boards of Governors of the Bank and the Fund on the Transfer of Real Resources to Developing Countries) is composed of 24 members—finance ministers or other officials of comparable rank—and generally meets at the same time as the Interim Committee. It advises and reports to the Boards of Governors of the World Bank and the Fund on all aspects of the transfer of real resources to developing countries.
Letter of Transmittal to the Board of Governors
July 9, 1997
Dear Mr. Chairman:
I have the honor to present to the Board of Governors the Annual Report of the Executive Board for the financial year ended April 30, 1997, in accordance with Article XII, Section 7(a) of the Articles of Agreement of the International Monetary Fund and Section 10 of the Fund’s By-Laws. In accordance with Section 20 of the By-Laws, the administrative and capital budgets of the Fund approved by the Executive Board for the financial year ending April 30, 1998 are presented in Appendix IX. The audited financial statements for the year ended April 30, 1997 of the General Department, the SDR Department, accounts administered by the Fund, and the Staff Retirement Plan and the Supplemental Retirement Benefit Plan, together with reports of the External Audit Committee thereon, are presented in Appendix X.
Chairman of the Executive Board
Chairman of the Board of Governors
International Monetary Fund