The IMF Country Reports Series covers economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with officials of the country, is published at the option of the member.
International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department
INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND
This report assesses the observance of Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision in Japan. Banking regulations and supervisory processes have undergone significant improvements since the last Financial Sector Assessment Program. The Japan Financial Services Agency is in the process of reforming its supervisory practices and has been shifting its focus from assessing compliance with prudential requirements to a more sophisticated and forward-looking risk-based approach to supervising banks and bank holding companies. Although the supervisory framework is generally sound, some key priority areas need to be addressed. Corporate governance and risk management remains an area that needs further work to strengthen independence of boards.