IMF Country Reports cover economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with officials of the country, is published at the option of the member.
This report evaluates the observance of standards and codes on Financial Action Task Force recommendations for anti-money laundering and combating the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT) in Canada. The findings reveal that the Canadian authorities have a good understanding of most of Canada's money laundering and terrorism financing risks. AML/CFT cooperation and coordination are generally good at the policy and operational levels. All high-risk areas are covered by AML/CFT measures, except legal counsel, legal firms, and Quebec notaries. This constitutes a significant loophole in Canada's AML/CFT framework. Law enforcement results are not commensurate with the money-laundering risk, and asset recovery is low.