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Czech Republic: Staff Report for the 2012 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

Author(s):
International Monetary Fund
Published Date:
May 2012
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FUND RELATIONS

(As of February 29, 2012; unless specified otherwise)

I. Membership Status:

Joined 1/01/1993; Article VIII

II. General Resources Account

SDR MillionPercent

Quota
Quota1,002.20100.0
Fund holdings of currency684.4568.29
Reserve position in Fund317.7531.71
Lending to the Fund
Borrowing agreement128.10*

out of the committed EUR1.03 billion

out of the committed EUR1.03 billion

III. SDR Department:

SDR MillionPercent

Allocation
Net cumulative
Allocation780.20100.00
Holdings750.5696.20

IV. Outstanding Purchases and Loans:

None

V. Financial Arrangements:

TypeApproval

Date
Expiration

Date
Amount

Approved

(SDR Million)
Amount

Drawn

(SDR Million)
Stand-by3/17/19933/16/1994177.0070.00

VI. Projected Payments to Fund:

(SDR Million; based on existing use of resources and present holdings of SDRs):

Forthcoming
20122013201420152016
Principal
Charges/Interest0.040.050.050.050.05
Total0.040.050.050.050.05

VII. Exchange Rate Arrangement:

The currency of the Czech Republic is the Czech koruna, created on February 8, 1993 upon the dissolution of the currency union with the Slovak Republic, which had used the Czechoslovak koruna as its currency. From May 3, 1993 to May 27, 1997, the exchange rate was pegged to a basket of two currencies: the deutsche mark (65 percent) and the U.S. dollar (35 percent). On February 28, 1996, the Czech National Bank widened the exchange rate band from ±0.5 percent to ±7.5 percent around the central rate. On May 27, 1997, managed floating was introduced. In the Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions, the de facto exchange rate regime of the Czech Republic is classified as a free float. Since 2002, the CNB has not engaged in direct interventions in the foreign exchange market. International reserves have been affected by the off-market purchases of large privatization receipts and EU transfers and the sales of the accumulated interest. On February 28, 2012, the exchange rate of the Czech koruna stood at CZK 18.479 per U.S. dollar.

The Czech Republic has accepted the obligations of Article VIII and maintains an exchange system that is free of restrictions on the making of payments and transfers for current international transactions. The Czech Republic maintains exchange restrictions for security reasons, based on UN Security Council Resolutions and Council of the European Union Regulations that have been notified to the Fund for approval under the procedures set forth in Executive Board Decision No. 144-(52/51).

VIII. Last Article IV Consultation: The last Article IV consultation with the Czech Republic was concluded on April 4, 2011. The staff report and PIN were published on April 7, 2011.

IX. FSAP Participation and ROSCs: An FSAP was carried out in late 2000/ early 2001. The Financial System Stability Assessment was considered by the Executive Board on July 16, 2001, concurrently with the staff report for the 2001 Article IV Consultation. An FSAP update was carried out in 2011. ROSCs on: banking supervision; data dissemination; fiscal transparency; securities market; and transparency of monetary and financial policies were published on the Fund’s external website on July 1, 2000.

X. Technical Assistance: See attached table.

XI. Implementation of HIPC Initiative: Not Applicable

XII. Implementation of Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative (MDRI): Not Applicable

XIII. Implementation of Post-Catastrophic Debt Relief (PCDR): Not Applicable

XIV. Safeguards Assessments: Not Applicable

Czech Republic: Technical Assistance, 1991–2010
DepartmentTimingPurpose
FADDec. 1991–Sept. 1993Regular visits by FAD consultant on VAT
March 1993administration
September 1993Public financial management
November 1993Follow-up visit on public financial management
January 1994Follow-up visit on public financial management
July 1994Follow-up visit on public financial management
May 1995Follow-up visit by FAD consultant on VAT
June 1995administration
June–July 1999Follow-up visit on public financial management
Follow-up visit by FAD consultant on VAT
administration
Medium-term fiscal framework
MCMFebruary 1992Monetary management and research, foreign
exchange operations, and banking supervision
June 1992Monetary research
July 1992Long-term resident expert assignment in the area of banking supervision (financed by EC-PHARE; supervised by the Fund)
December 1992 andBond issuance and monetary management
February 1993
November 1993Follow-up visit on bond issuance and monetary
management and management of cash balances
April 1994Data management and monetary research
January 1995Foreign exchange laws (jointly with LEG) and external liberalization
May 1995Monetary operations
May 1995Banking system reform
May 1996Economic research
April 1997Banking legislation
February–June 1999Monetary research—inflation targeting
June 1999Integrated financial sector supervision (with WB)
RESSeptember 1999Inflation targeting (financed by MFD)
June–August 2000Inflation targeting (financed by MFD)
February–March 2005Inflation targeting (financed by MFD)
STAMay 1993Money and banking statistics
February 1994Balance of payments
April 1994Government finance
November 1994Money and banking statistics
January–February 1999Money and banking statistics
May 2002Monetary and financial statistics
February 2003Implementing GFSM 2001
November 2006GFSM 2001 Pilot Project

STATISTICAL ISSUES

1. Data provision is adequate for surveillance. The Czech Republic subscribed to the Special Data Dissemination Standard in April 1998, and metadata and annual observance reports for 2006–9 are posted on the Fund’s Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board.

2. Data on core surveillance variables are available to the Fund regularly and with minimal lags (reporting to STA is less current, especially for foreign trade and the national accounts). Exchange rates, and interest rates set by the Czech National Bank (CNB), are reported daily with no lag. Gross and net international reserves are reported on a monthly basis with a one-week lag, as well as on a 10-day basis (with the CNB’s balance sheet) with a one-week lag. Consumer prices, reserve money, broad money, borrowing and lending interest rates, central government fiscal accounts, and foreign trade are reported monthly with a lag of between one and four weeks. Final monetary survey data are available with a lag of about one month. GDP and balance of payments data are made available on a quarterly basis with a lag of two to three months. Since 2003, the main components of the balance of payments are also available monthly. Annual data published in the Government Finance Statistics Yearbook cover all operations of the general government, including the extrabudgetary funds excluded from the monthly data. These annual data are available on a timely basis. Monthly fiscal data published in International Financial Statistics (IFS) cover state budget accounts and are available with a two- to three-month lag.

3. While data quality is generally high, some deficiencies remain in certain areas, and the authorities are taking measures to improve data accuracy.

  • National accounts data are subject to certain weaknesses. Value added in the small-scale private sector is likely to be underestimated, as the mechanisms for data collection on this sector are not yet fully developed and a significant proportion of unrecorded activity stems from tax evasion. Discrepancies between GDP estimates based on the production method and the expenditure method are large and are subsumed under change in stocks. Quarterly estimates of national accounts are derived from quarterly reports of enterprises and surveys. The estimates are subject to bias because of nonresponse (while annual reporting of bookkeeping accounts is mandatory for enterprises, quarterly reporting is not) and lumping of several expenditure categories in particular quarters by respondents. Large swings in individual components of spending and the overall GDP from quarter to quarter bring into question the reliability of the quarterly data and hamper business cycle analysis.
  • Recently, revisions to procedures for processing export data have brought external trade statistics close to the practice in the EU. However, a continued weakness of foreign trade statistics is the unavailability of fixed base price indices for exports and imports; these indices are currently presented on the basis of the same month of the previous year.
  • Monetary survey data provided to the European Department are generally adequate for policy purposes. However, large variations in the interbank clearing account float, especially at the end of the year, require caution in interpreting monetary developments. The CNB has made a major effort to identify the causes of these variations and adjust the data. In 2002, to meet EU statistical conventions, the CNB implemented the European Central Bank’s (ECB) framework for collecting, compiling, and reporting monetary data. The data published in IFS are based on monetary accounts derived from the ECB’s framework. The same set of accounts also forms the basis for monetary statistics published in the CNB’s bulletins and on the website, which are thereby effectively harmonized with the monetary statistics published in IFS, although the presentation in IFS differs somewhat from the CNB’s.
  • Annual fiscal data on ESA-95 basis has been prepared by the Czech Statistical Office. Quarterly data for non-financial accounts have also been compiled and quarterly financial accounts are being prepared. The Ministry of Finance uses the ESA-95 methodology for the Convergence Program targets. The ESA-95 methodology differs from the national (fiscal targeting methodology) in terms of the coverage of the institutions (for example, the Czech Consolidation Agency is included in the central government under ESA definition) and inclusion of financial transactions and other accrual items (for example, called guarantees). The Ministry of Finance participated in the Fund’s pilot project to transition to the statistical methodologies outlined in Government Finance Statistics Manual, 2001.
Czech Republic: Table of Common Indicators Required for Surveillance(As of April 12, 2012)
Date of

Latest

Observation
Date

Received
Frequency

of

Data7
Frequency of

Reporting7
Frequency

of

Publication7
Exchange Rates4/16/124/17/12DDD
International Reserve Assets and Reserve Liabilities of the Monetary Authorities1Mar. 2012Apr. 2012DMM
Reserve/Base MoneyMar. 2012Apr. 2012MMM
Broad MoneyMar. 2012Apr. 2012MMM
Central Bank Balance SheetMar. 2012Apr. 2012MMM
Consolidated Balance Sheet of the Banking SystemMar. 2012Apr. 2012MMM
Interest Rates24/16/124/17/11DDD
Consumer Price IndexMar. 2012Apr. 2012MMM
Revenue, Expenditure, Balance and Composition of Financing3 – General Government42010Jun. 2011AAA
Revenue, Expenditure, Balance and Composition of Financing3– Central GovernmentFeb. 2012Apr. 2012MMM
Stocks of Central Government and Central Government-Guaranteed Debt52011 Q4Mar. 2012QQQ
External Current Account BalanceFeb. 2012Apr. 2012MMM
Exports and Imports of Goods and ServicesFeb. 2012Apr. 2012MMM
GDP/GNP2011 Q4Mar. 2012QQQ
Gross External Debt2011 Q4Mar. 2012QQQ
International Investment Position62011 Q4Mar. 2012QQQ

Includes reserve assets pledged or otherwise encumbered as well as net derivative positions.

Both market-based and officially-determined, including discount rates, money market rates, rates on treasury bills, notes and bonds.

Foreign, domestic bank, and domestic nonbank financing.

The general government consists of the central government (budgetary funds, extra budgetary funds, and social security funds) and state and local governments. Data for the state budget are available with monthly frequency and timeliness, while data on extra budgetary funds are available only on an annual basis.

Including currency and maturity composition.

Includes external gross financial asset and liability positions vis-à-vis nonresidents.

Daily (D); Weekly (W); Monthly (M); Quarterly (Q); Annually (A); Irregular (I); Not Available (NA).

Includes reserve assets pledged or otherwise encumbered as well as net derivative positions.

Both market-based and officially-determined, including discount rates, money market rates, rates on treasury bills, notes and bonds.

Foreign, domestic bank, and domestic nonbank financing.

The general government consists of the central government (budgetary funds, extra budgetary funds, and social security funds) and state and local governments. Data for the state budget are available with monthly frequency and timeliness, while data on extra budgetary funds are available only on an annual basis.

Including currency and maturity composition.

Includes external gross financial asset and liability positions vis-à-vis nonresidents.

Daily (D); Weekly (W); Monthly (M); Quarterly (Q); Annually (A); Irregular (I); Not Available (NA).

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