Journal Issue

Implementation of the MAP: Progress Report: First Semester of 2008

International Monetary Fund
Published Date:
January 2009
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Situation of the Indicators Related to the Major Objectives

Economic Growth

The economic growth forecast that was initially 7.3% has been revised downward to 7.1% following the increase in main oil and food products prices on the international markets.

Graph 1:Evolution in the share of budget for Education, Health compared with the total budget, Evolution in economic growth.


Against this backdrop, the main production sectors forecast increases in their productions, respectively by 3.1% for the primary sector, of which livestock and fisheries by 2%, by 8.8% for the secondary sector, of which extractive industries by 12% and by 9.3% for the tertiary sector, of which Civil Works by 20%. The production dynamics of the main activity branches in communication, BTP and construction materials, and chemical industries will essentially contribute to enhance national production for this first semester.

Foreign Direct Investments

The net flow of foreign direct investments is estimated at SDR 441.5 million against an annual forecast of SDR 439 million, which means the objective for 2008 is achieved at more than 100% at mid-year. Further analysis will be conducted as soon as information on the structure of the investments is available.

Reduced Corruption

Tangible progress was made in controlling corruption. The actions mainly pertain to informing the general public on the progress of anti-corruption efforts in the country through the updating of the different sections in the Bureau’s site. In addition, the following progress was noted:

  • The number of complaints received was 3,776, which represents 50% of the objective set;

  • The number of complaints that call for investigation is 525, which represents 53% of the objectives set;

  • 33% of the cases processed by BIANCO are forwarded to the legal jurisdiction against a 38% objective, and 343 cases were processed, which represents 41% of the objectives set.

Schooling and Illiteracy Reduction

In support of improving schooling and illiteracy elimination:

  • 2,000 teachers formerly paid by the Parents’ Associations (FRAM) were recruited, i.e., 100% of the annual objective;

  • 272 primary schools against an objective of 200 are equipped with a school feeding program.

The literacy program for people aged more than 15 with poor reading abilities has had good performance by achieving 65% of the annual objective in semester 1, i.e., 11,120 adults enrolled in literacy programs out of the 17,000 planned.

Land Security

As regards the issuance of land titles and certificates: 3,937 land certificates established versus an objective of 5 060 certificates, i.e., 78%; MAEP forecast 30 000 certificates; 5,647 out of the 10,000 planned were issued, i.e., 64% of the objective.

Indeed, an 8,403 ha surface area has been secured out of a 13,156 ha objective, i.e., 64%, under the implementation of the National Land Tenure Program (PNF).


Commitment 1: Responsible Governance

Follow up of Recommendatiions in 2007
Recommendations in 2007Progress status in first semester 2008Observations
Recruit 1,000 policemen and policewomen per year, subject to financial support and the government’s authorization;Technical study and draft decrees and orders finalized. Recruitment postponed since 2007 independently from the State Secretariat on Home Security (SESI). As a consequence, the people in charge chose to revise the PGE 2008 at mid-term and provide substitution activities such as in-service training and modular training.
Achieve the maximum coverage of 119 districts in order to avoid distance management of security, through timely operations, including patrols of the general police84 districts were covered in 2007. In 2008, 2 police stations out of the 7 were established, i.e., 28.5% of the objective set.
Institute Behavioral Change Communication (BCC);In process with the meeting of the National Higher Council on Defense and Home Security.
Intensify the awareness-raising campaign on corruptionCombined efforts as regards informing the general public. Good performance as regards the increase in the number of complaints received thanks to the mobilization of the general public to report cases of corruption. However, there is not yet enough mobilization in remote areas.
Increase the number of session on civicsInformation not available
Reinforce effective collaboration between the partners of the Justice, such as BIANCO, CSI, bailiffs, lawyers, namely to accelerate the processing of cases3 meetings organized on 5 topics (problems in issuing sentence implementation orders, problems of assessors at the commercial court, consequence of the administration keeping quiet, justice auxiliaries, lecture on the actions relating to Commitment 6 of the MAP
Increase the share of budget allocated to decentralized collectivities (budget transfer)The percentage of the budget allocated to communes increased from 1.48% in 2007 to 3% in 2008
Make operational the Local Development Fund as soon as possible in order to build the communes’ capacitiesPublication of constitutive laws and regulations of the local development fund, manual of procedures being developed, ministerial structure established (Director General, and Administrative and Financial Directors appointed for EPA/FDL, members of the board appointed)
Reinforce the application of the Code of Public Procurement by training the concerned entities at the central and regional levels on the typical bidding documents, on public procurements techniques, and on the rules provided.Ongoing action


Analysis of priority indicators

Reducing the crime rate and securing the red zones

Table 1:Rate of Criminality
Indicator Name2006200720082012
ObjectiveAchieveme nt 1st semesterSNISE Objective
Crime rate lower than or equal to 3.8 for 1,00041.8<3.80.752.6
  • Significant results were achieved in the area of people and property’s security though there remain uncontrolled pockets of insecurity due to lack of resources. The setting up of the Special Intervention Force for the National Police, the National Gendarmerie, and the Coast Patrols and the distribution of elements according to demand has resulted in clear improvement of security in the operation zones.

  • As of the first semester of 2008, the crime rate reduced to 0.75 per 1,000 against an objective of less than 1.9. As regards security operations, 35,759 were conducted in urban areas against the 37,175 planned, i.e., 96.1% of the objective; 6 Rural Security Maneuvers were conducted (50% of the objectives); 26 Rural Security Operations were conducted out of the 300 planned, (i.e., 8.75); 68 community based police stations have been established against the 76 planned.

  • Four red districts out of the 13 planned have been secured, namely Ambatofinandrahana, Ikalamavony, Iakora, and Vangaindrano; 610 Kizo guards have been created; 04 autonomous security detachments (DAS) have been established; 03 new groups have been established in Androy, Betsiboka, and Bongolava, and 02 brigades are operational; 613 general policy patrols were conducted at the Ministry of National Defense against the 3,000 planned (i.e., 20.4% of the objective set), and 3,432 general police patrols were conducted by the SESI out of 3,750 planned (91.5% of the objective set).

  • The effectiveness rate of the armed forces in repressing cattle thefts has increased to 84.6%.

  • 49 cases of cattle thefts were reported against a forecast of 178 by SESI and 641 by the Ministry of National Defense. Out of the 9,572 cattle stolen, 6,175 were handed back. As regards marketing pipeline, 31,035 were made compliant by controlling markets, slaughterhouses, convoys, shops, and marketing documents.

  • Five regions and 29 districts have a Social Security Plan.

Improved Coverage of the Exclusive Economic Zone

Covering the Exclusive Economic Zone means ensuring the surveillance of the marine zone where the country draws marine and oil resources: 3,500 police operations were conducted as part of territorial surveillance, including 946 on the economic zones.

Twenty-one days of outings in the sea were conducted against an objective of 150 days, 54 hours of flying over the Malagasy territory against the 330 hours planned, and 25 hours and 25 minutes of outings on fast boats on the sea for river surveillance.

The low performance is mainly due to the lack of material and financial means (fuel and spare parts).

Decreased Average Time for Trials and Processing of Pending Cases

Awareness-raising and training sessions on standards of service were conducted for magistrates in the Court of Appeal of Antananarivo, Toliary, Mahajanga, Toamasina, and Fianarantsoa. Criminal records are now computerized in the pilot courts of Antsirabe and Ambatolampy. The call for applications for the recruitment of 50 magistrates, 100 court clerks, and 200 penitentiary managers and agents has been sent out to increase the staff as part of adopting a more rational human resources policy.

The program for processing pending cases at 100% for 2008 has already started in the Court of First Instance of Antalaha, Morondava, and Morombe and will concern 16,686 ruling with delayed publication and 16,186 case papers.

Actions were conducted to improve human rights in prisons. The ratio of convicted/defendant is now 53/47 against an annual objective of 51/49. As regards overpopulated prisons and as part of the application of the RRI approach, 3,900 pending cases were processed at the Court of Miarinarivo and the ratio of convicted/defendant improved from 40/60 to 65/35. In the Court of Moramanga, 871 pending cases were processed in 60 days and the ratio convicted/defendant improved from 48/52 to 92/8.

The new Law on Juvenile Justice is in process, including the establishment of the educational reinsertion system.

Improved Corruption Perception Index

Tangible progress was noted as regards anti-corruption efforts. The Corruption Perception Index moved from 3.2 in 2007 to 3.4 in 2008, the objective is 5 for 2012. Actions have been conducted in informing the public on the on the progress of corruption control in the country through updates in the different sections of the Bureau’s site. Good performances were observed as regards the increase of the number of complaints obtained through the mobilization of the general public to report cases of corruption, the improvement of the processing of corruption cases through capacity building of the staff in charge of investigation and through increase in the staffing, the improvement of relationship with users through the implementation of the recommendations coming out of the review and analysis of the target entities’ systems and procedures, and community based actions, namely the establishment of a branch in Mahajanga. Indeed

  • Despite poor mobilization of the public in remote areas to report corruption and despite poor understanding of what makes up a corruption offence among plaintiffs, it should be noted that 3,776 complaints were filed (i.e., 50% of the objectives set), and 525 complaints currently call for investigation, (i.e. 53%, of the objective set).

  • 33% of the cases processed by BIANCO are referred to the legal jurisdiction, against an annual objective of 38%, and 343 cases are processed (i.e., 41% of the objectives set). Decree N°2007-510 on June 5, 2008 on the establishment of the Financial Intelligence Unit (SAMIFIN) was adopted in the Council of Government. The Committee for Preserving Integrity (CSI) was in charge of establishing this entity so that it is operational.

Graph 2:Evolution in the Improved Corruption Perception Index

Source: Banque Mondiale

Decree N°2007-510 on June 5, 2008 on the establishment of the Financial Intelligence Unit (SAMIFIN) was adopted in the Council of Government. The Committee for Preserving Integrity (CSI) was in charge of establishing this entity so that it is operational.

Reform of public finances management

Graph 3:Evolution in Public Revenues – first Semesters of 2006/2007/2008


Improved Tax Pressure Rate

Coordinated efforts were carried out to establish an improved method for tax collection. This involved operational and organizational reforms in the customs and tax services, including:

  • Establishing three TRADENET platforms that concern Toamasina, Antananarivo, Mahajanga, Antsiranana, and Toliary, i.e., 08 customs offices, and making available all the means and resources needed for this purpose;

  • Having 6 operational Approved Management Centers; establishing partnership for extending Approved Management Centers to the regional level;

Identifying 1,933 tax payers; 2 regional services for businesses adopt the procedure of wire transfer payment.

Graph 4:Evolution in Public Expenditures – First Semesters of 2006/2007/2008


Following the improvement of the tax collection system and the different reforms of the tax and custom administration, the fiscal pressure rate increased by 0.4 point against the objective of 11.6% for the year. The budget deficit, cash basis, was of 4.4% of the GDP against an objective of 4.9%. The decrease is due to the compression of some expenditures lines and the increase in resources. The implementation of expenditures was somehow impeded by failures in the expenditure chain and in delays in the appointment of managers. The total expenditures amounted to Ariary 1,322.5 billion against an objective of Ariary 3,422.4 billion, i.e., 38.6% of the objectives set.

All the Ministries are connected to the Integrated Public Finances Management System (SIGFP)

The IPFMPS is now operational in ministries and institutions at the central level as well as in the Financial Districts. The central ORDSECs have been trained on the use of the SIGFP.

Table 2:Budget Deficit(% of GDP)
Priority Indicator Name2006200720082012
ObjectiveAchievements 1st semester or revised initial programmingSNISE Objective
Budget Deficit (in % of GDP)

PEFA (Public Expenditure and Finance Accountability)

PEFA aims at assessing the performance of the public finance management systems. Under PEFA, the first 28 indicators (the last 3 ones pertaining to donors) are distributed over six key dimensions of a public finances management system:

  • Credibility of budget: 4 indicators

  • Exhaustiveness and transparency: 6 indicators

  • Budgeting based on national polices: 2 indicators

  • Predictability and control of budget implementation: 9 indicators

  • Accounting, information recording, and financial reporting: 4 indicators

  • Internal surveillance and verification: 3 indicators

A draft report on the performance of public finances management in Madagascar is being prepared by the World Bank and the African Development Bank.

Madagascar has recently made significant efforts to improve public finances management. The results of the reforms are still coming, however they look quite limited:

  • Eleven PEFA indicators are graded B or more, against an objective of 31, (I.e., 36% of the objective). The main weaknesses in the current public finance system relate to the reliability of information, poor mastery of the budget concepts by the ministries, the reporting system, financial control, and external controls;

  • No indicator relating to internal and external control was grade B and was more than 3. This is due to weaknesses in procedures and responsibility assignment. Reforms are initiated for year 2008;

  • Despite the lack of budget documents and the information requested in the previous fiscal years, 2 indicators on budget preparation achieved the expected grade (against an objective of 4 indicators) as well as 1 indicator on budget monitoring (against an annual objective of 2).

Continued Budgetary control reform

The control and verification actions were continued through strengthening the operations of the structures in charge of procurement (Procurement Officers and Procurement Management Units) in the ministries.

Procurement procedures compliant with the new legal and regulatory framework

About 29.1% of procurements in the pilot ministries (Health, Education, Public Works, Transportation, and Agriculture) were assessed as compliant to the procedures of the legal and regulatory framework compared to the objectives set. It should be noted that the Road Maintenance Fund also uses the new Law after receiving training on the new legislation in force.

Streamlined Administrative Procedures in Public Services

In order to reinforce the effectiveness of public service provision, the delay for processing files and applications decreased from 63 days in late 2007 to 61 days in the first semester of 2008, against an annual objective of 60 days, thanks to the RRI approach.

The text on the Ethics Committee was adopted and the Committee is now operational at the central level. However, no standard of service has been yet established.

In order to reinforce the effectiveness of public service provision, the delay for processing files and applications decreased from 63 days in late 2007 to 61 days in the first semester of 2008, against an annual objective of 60 days, thanks to the RRI approach.

The text on the Ethics Committee was adopted and the Committee is now operational at the central level. However, no standard of service has been yet established.

Collection Rate on Local Taxes

The organizational and information systems at the Ministry in charge of Decentralization and Land Development at the Presidency do not yet allow for having real time data on the local tax collection at the decentralized collectivities’ level. However, all the communes are conducting a fiscal census and are entering the data in the regional IT centers. Survey forms are being developed.

  • 260 communes have been receiving support on tax collection and/or fiscal census since the beginning of the year against an annual objective of 150 communes;

  • A draft Code of Decentralized Territorial Collectivities is being finalized

  • Seven new Commune Support Centers (CSC) out of the 10 planned are being established. Out of these, 2 are supported by the Swiss Cooperation, 4 by the French Cooperation, and 1 by IRCOD. Funding is being sought for the remaining three ones.

The constitutive laws and regulations on the Local Development Funds have been published. The main responsibilities of the LDF are to build the communes’ capacities and to fund their activities and investments. The manual of procedures is being developed and the structure at the ministry’s level is being set up (the director general and the administrative and financial directors have been recruited, and the members of the board appointed).

3,239 elected officials and managers were trained against an objective of 3,500, and 494 fokontany offices were built, i.e., 82% of the objectives set.

Share of budget allocated to communes

Table 3:Trends in share of budget allocated to communes
Indicator200620071st semester

of 2008
Share of budget allocated to communes (as a % of general budget)1.211.483
Source: MID
Source: MID

The percentage of the budget allocated to communes increased from 1.48% in 2007 to 3% in 2008 with Ariary 51 billion transferred to communes.

Two new Regional Schemes for Land Management (SRAT)] have been developed.

Contribution of Programs and Projects

  • The Project of Governance and Institutional Development (PGDI)/IDA contributes to the coordination, monitoring and evaluation of the government’s policy, to improving public services, to transparency and economic governance (public finances management), to strengthening the internal and external control mechanisms, to supporting the budgeting process, to strengthening the capacities of the State’s General Inspectorate, the Financial Control, and the Parliament, to reforming public procurement, to supporting CSI, BIANCO, the Ministry of Justice, and the Mediator’s office, to improving local tax systems, to intensifying local governance and citizens’ involvement, to supporting ENAM, ENMG, CNFA, and NLIM;

  • The Project for Institutional Strengthening For Governance/ ADB supports the Government in building the capacities for public finances management, in building the capacities of the Public Procurement Regulatory Body (ARMP), and in establishing public-private partnerships (PPP);

  • The project for Support to Public Administration (AMAP)/ UNDP focuses on reforming the management of the government’s workers;

  • During the first semester of 2008, the ACORDS/EU program contributed to funding 267 communes to the benefit of a 4.5 million population: the activities focused on communes’ social infrastructures and equipment (projects relating to education, health, safe water, and basic sanitation), on productive infrastructures, on infrastructures connecting the communes to the national network (markets, rural roads, and other community based economic development infrastructures);

  • The interventions of the Integrated Growth Poles Project (IG2P) focused on building communes’ capacities and improving their tax revenues;

  • The performances of the projects on corruption control, in line with the sector program, focused on or are reflected by:

    • - informing the public of progress in corruption control in Madagascar through updates on the different sections of the Bureau’s site;

    • - increase in the number of complaints filed thanks to the mobilization of the public to report cases of corruption;

    • - improving the processing of corruption cases by strengthening the capacities of the investigation staff and by increasing the staff number;

    • - improving the users’ treatment by implementing the recommendations coming out of the review and analysis of the target entities systems and procedures;

    • - Community based action, namely the setting up of a branch in Mahajanga.

Challenges, Outlooks, and Recommendations

  • Conducting sessions in regions to develop ownership towards the anti-corruption effort;

  • Building the sense of ownership as regards the establishment process and applying a minimum standard of service; developing responsibility among public services in this regard;

  • Increasing the budget allocated to building the capacity of the investigation staff to process cases;

  • The achievements of the sector program depend on the means available to the sector. Improving the effectiveness and the efficiency of the sector requires improving its staff capacity through refresher trainings, trainings adapted to the current context, the procurement of adequate materials (light but operational). To develop in security requires the contribution of each Malagasy citizen. Thus we need to have a new vision for defense and security, a vision under which the army develops with its human resources, its materials, and its structures in order to be up-to-date;

  • Improving the effectiveness of the judicial system in enforcing laws in order to improve the effectiveness of the anti-corruption chain;

  • Strengthen ownership of the anti-corruption effort by the public sector and by regional officers and engage them in implementing the anti-corruption program.


Commitment 2: Connected Infrastructures

Follow up of Recommendations Made in 2007
Recommendations in 2007Progress status as of the first semester of 2008Observations
Develop the cross-sector linkages between Public works and Transports in order to achieve the expected resultsThe two ministries have already worked together to develop the Transport Sector Program
Based on the indicators defined in the NIMES, standardize the indicators of the sectors of Transports, Energy, Water & Sanitation in close collaboration with the INSTAT in order to ensure the reliability of the statistical information generated;
Provide for operational mechanisms at the OMERT to facilitate coordination of information between the administration and the private sector as regards ICTsARTEC will be set up after the work of an ad hoc committee
Reinforce the institutional framework in charge of coordinating, planning, and ensuring monitoring and evaluation in order to discuss and negotiate with and mobilize technical and financial partners for additional funding for the water and sanitation sectorThe Ministry of Water has been established and is operational
Build the capacities of the private and public sectors to provide water and sanitation, especially at the regional levelIn process
Disseminate the National Sanitation Policy and Strategy and raise awareness among the population as regards its implementation.In process

Analysis of Priority Indicators

National tar or dirt roads maintained in good/fair condition

The results of the building, rehabilitation, regular maintenance, and current maintenance of the tar or dirt National Roads as well as the Rural Roads are as of the first semester of 2008 as follows:

Table 4:Table on the results of the priority indicators, from the regional Directorates as of the first semester of 2008
IndicatorsObjectives 2008Achievement s in 1st semester of 2008Achievement rate (%)
Percentage of communes that can be accessed by road all yearlong (%)4553117
Percentage of the National Highways’ network (tarred) that is:
- In good condition (%)614878
- In fair condition (%)3041136
Percentage of the National Highways’ network (dirt) that is:
- In good condition (%)1011110
- In fair condition (%)1919100
Source: MTPM
Source: MTPM

The figures provided in the tables reflect the consolidated results of the actions undertaken by all stakeholders in the Regions.

The results relating to the road projects are only provisional as of the first semester of 2008. Generally speaking, they are significant though they do not cover half the infrastructures available at the national level. In 2007, 48% of the tarred national highways were in good condition and 41% in fair condition; 10% of the dirt national highways were in good condition and 19% in fair condition.

On average, 40% of the communes could be accessed by road in 2007. The rate is 53% in the first semester of 2008. The rate varies among regions, ranging from 17% for Vatovavy Fitovinany, 23% for Betsiboka, 33% for Haute Matsiatra, and 83% for Analamanga, 93% for Amoron’l Mania, and 96% for Vakinankaratra. All the development actors, whether public or private, have contributed to achieving these results.

As regards the activity program of the Ministry of Public Works and Meteorology (MPWM), the Ministry, through organizations under its leadership and technical partners, has accepted 52km of building, rehabilitation, and regular maintenance of national roads (7%) and 732km are ongoing work against an objective of 742km. The program for National Highways in 2008 is limited to the remaining projects that fall at the end of the main programs funded by donors.

As regards Rural Roads, 270km have been accepted (18%) and 128km are ongoing works against an objective of 1,500km. The lack or the absence of funding is a major impediment for the Rural Road activities.

As regards current maintenance works, 2,562km of National Roads benefited from this activity against an objective of 8,000km (i.e., 32%) and 781km of Rural Roads against an objective of 2,663km (i.e., 29%). The MPWM has anticipated and improved the preparatory steps for the road maintenance campaigns. However, due to problems in applying the new procurement procedures at the RMF, the initiation of the works was delayed, accounting for the poor achievement rate.

As regards infrastructures such as bridges and ferries, 23 new ferries were procured or built in 2008, against an objective of 23 (i.e., 100%).

The European Union funded programs/projects: RNS-1|Antananarivo (Analavory-Carrefour RN1) and RNS-1Bis |Antananarivo (Analavory-Fanjakamandroso) were checked and signed on a temporary basis. Similarly, on BAD/ FAD funding: RNS-12|Fianarantsoa (Irondro-Namorona) was also checked and signed on a temporary basis. The World Bank, the ADB/ADF, the ABDEA, under the responsibility of the Malagasy Road Authority (MRA), ensure the implementation of the works on primary and secondary National Highways in collaboration with the technical partners (China Railway, SOGEA, COLAS, SMATP and ELTER SA).

The Directorate of Roads ensure the implementation of development works on black points, regular and emergency maintenance, emergency works, and reopening works under funding by the FER.

Rates of victims (injuries and deaths) of road traffic accidents

Table 5:Figures of road traffic accidents
YearNumber of accidentsNumber of injuries% injuries/accidentsNumber of deaths% deaths/accidents
Source: MT
Source: MT

The number of accidents and casualties has increased: in the first semester of 2008, the percentage of injuries against the number of accidents was of 133% against 99% in 2007. The percentage of deaths against the number of accidents is 29% against 26% in 2007. Given the worsening situation, resolutions were made during the meeting on road insecurity meeting convened by the Ministry of Transportation on May 22, 2008:

Immediate Actions

  • 1. Awareness-raising campaign (organization of platform)

  • 2. Training and refresher training for the police in charge of traffic;

  • 3. Repressive actions: strict enforcement of laws and regulation (breathalyzer test, withdrawal of driver license, arrest, withdrawal of public transportation license, impounding, etc.)

  • 4. Establishing control units at the road stations;

  • 5. Technical control on the road and surprise controls on roads;

  • 6. Better coordination of the actions of the National Gendarmerie/Police: making available communication means (black points, control zones, etc.);

  • 7. Establishing a Monitoring Committee: evaluation, field control, monitoring, results indicators, reorientation, information, communication, etc.;

  • 8. Developing pounds at the collectivities’ level;

  • 9. Issuance of special authorizations limited to the Agency of Land Transportation and to the Inter-Regional Directorate of Transportations.

Short-term actions

  • 1. Increasing the scale of fines;

  • 2. Approval of bus stops in sub-urban areas by the Regional Directorates of the MPWM;

  • 3. Increasing the frequency of technical controls;

  • 4. Involving the CTDs in the implementation of immediate and short-term actions;

  • 5. Holding a meeting for the five regions (former provincial capitals) and Antsirabe;

  • 6. Standardization of road signs and markings over the whole country;

  • 7. Involving CTDs in the surveillance of abusive boards and buildings along the roads.

Medium-term actions

  • 1. In-depth revision of the Code of Road;

  • 2. Establishing a toll-free hotline.

Out of an objective of two road stations built/rehabilitated in 2008, 2 buildings for ticket desks have been built in Ambatondrazaka and one building for ticket desks and 6 travelers’ shelters have been built in Tsiroanomandidy.

1,741 public transportation licenses at national level have been delivered from January to July 2008 against a total of 2,222 licenses in 2008.

Rate of damages caused by sea navigation accidents/incidents

As of the first semester of 2008, three sea accidents/incidents were recorded. Out of the 64 passengers concerned, 18 were killed, 33 survived or were safe, and 13 are reported missing. Given the seriousness of the accidents and the emergency of situation, the Sea and River Port Agency published a note for the enforcement of reinforcement measures on all the territory on July 30, 2008:

  • Transportation of passengers by vessels intended for the transportation of goods is strictly prohibited;

  • All vessels must undergo a new technical inspection despite the validity of the regular inspection they have undergone. Valid navigation permits can therefore be suspended or withdrawn.

  • All departures from a Malagasy port must be approved expressly and in written either by the Port Authority, the Sea Authority or the National Gendarmerie pursuant to control and inspection of equipment for navigation, communication, survival, ship stability, based on the distance to travel and the meteorological conditions at the time of departure and the meteorological forecasts for the duration of the trip.

  • A Permanent Watch Center will be soon set up to receive potential distress calls, and launch immediate rescue and assistance procedure. To this end, the Sea and River Port Authority may requisition any means belonging to private operators deemed needed for the rescue and assistance operations.

  • The main achievements in Semester I include:

  • Rehabilitation at 100% of the port of Mahajanga;

  • Sending out the call for bids for the rehabilitation of the warehouses of the port of Mananjary;

  • Study contract extended for the port of Morondava;

  • Rehabilitation at 30% of the port of Antsiranana;

  • In-depth revision of the Code of Sea;

  • Study for extending the Port of Toamasina conducted by the Japanese partners;

  • Delegation of the management of the autonomous port of Toamasina completed at 100%.

  • 30% of the Channel of Pangalanes was rehabilitated (dredged).

Number of air accidents per million of flights

As of the first semester of 2008, 6 accidents were recorded.

The main achievements during semester I include:

  • Telecommunication and meteorological equipments were installed in 9 airports: Ambatondrazaka, Antalaha, Antsohihy, Farafangana, Maintirano, Manakara, North Mananara, Maroantsetra, and Vohémar.

  • The airports of Toamasina and Morondava have been fenced at 100%.

  • The new agreement on social flights has been finalized.

  • The draft contract for the development of the airport of Antsirabe is being developed and the formalities for the payment of expropriation indemnifications are in process.

  • The summary design for the extension of the airport of Ivato has been communicated to donors.

As part of the Open Sky policy, 10 foreign airlines are flying regularly to Madagascar (Air France, Corsair, Air Italy, Blue Panorama, NEOS, Air Austral, Air Mauritius, Airlink Regional, Comores Aviation, and Royal Aviation) and 10 Malagasy airlines provide flights on demand (Air Madagascar, Aéromarine, Air Hotel, HFF Travel Airways, Services et Transports Aériens, Sun and Sea, Madagascar Helicopter, Trans Ocean Airways, Madagascar Trans Air, and Insolite Travel Fly). Air Madagascar is the only domestic company ensuring regular flights.

Number of Derailments (Railway Transportation)

As of the first semester of 2008, 195 derailments were recorded on the main ways versus 253 in 2007. Traffic was interrupted due to railway development work.

The main achievements were as follows: Northern Network:

  • Five engines were procured and put to work;

  • The railways have been renewed at 90%;

  • A resettlement plan has been implemented;

  • The transportation of passengers resumed between Toamasina and Moramanga starting in March 2008.

Southern network

  • The railways have been cleared;

  • Spare parts are being procured for the vehicles;

The following should be noted as regards the contribution of projects in the Transport sector:

Funding from the French Agency for Development (AFD):

  • Project for the rehabilitation of the port of Antsiranana: achievement rate 30%;

  • Project for the rehabilitation of the port of Morondava: monitoring of the coast’s erosion performed.

Funding from the World Bank

  • Project for the rehabilitation of the northern railway network: increase in traffic (goods and passengers), improved security and safety of traffic;

  • Project for Rural Transportation, Component MTM (PTR): credits being reallocated;

  • Project of multisector infrastructures: no achievement recorded in the first semester of 2008.

Reliability of meteorological forecasts

Under the meteorology component, it was planned for 2008 to rehabilitate and modernize the meteorological stations and the connection of observation networks and information systems. Thus, achievements in the first semester pertain mainly to communications on an essential tool to disseminate information on climatic changes.

Household access to electricity in rural and urban areas

In 2007, household access to electricity was 45% in urban areas and 5% in rural areas.

For year 2008, the objective in terms of households’ access to electricity is 50% in urban areas, and 5.2% in rural areas. Two-hundred (200) new connections were made in the first semester of 2008 against an objective of 1,500 (i.e., an achievement rate of 13%). Several problems occurred, including time lost on providing refresher training to technical staff assigned to other activities (the last connections made date back to 2003), or on sorting of clients with those who already received their estimates being prioritized, or on finding clients who have moved. The new connections started only in May 2008. However, the main problem remains JIRAMA poor capacity to produce energy due to obsolete power generators.

The installation of the Sahanivotry 15 MW hydroelectric plant, which is planned for the end of the year, may accelerate the achievement of the objective set, in electricity connection, at the beginning of the year, as well as new connections to be made for the coming year.

As regards rural electrification, ADER has set the objective of bringing electricity to 100 new villages per year. However, for year 2008, the objective has been revised down to 35 villages due to problems encountered in 2007 that are related to procedures and provisions of the constitutive decree and the transfer of the funding on internal resources and resources from the HIPC to the National Fund for Electricity. Two villages have received electricity under the decentralized mode and 13 through extension work. Thus the achievement rate in the first semester of 2008 is 40%

The development of independent energy producers such as the companies Henri Fraise, HYDELEC, ENELEC, and EDM should also be noted.

Major projects that contribute to the sector’s development include the hydroelectric power plant of Sahanivotry with HYDELEC, which should be operational by the end of the year; the project for new thermal power plants throughout the country, achieved at 70% (49 power generators distributed in 36 centers, including 34 power generators operating since April 2008, 13 power generators being installed, and 2 generators that should be soon delivered); and the rural electrification project with ADER.

Increased telephone penetration rate

Table 6:Telephone penetration rate (mobile and fixe phone)
Indicator Name20062007Objective 2008Achievement 1st semester 2008Objective 2012
Fixed and mobile telephony penetration rate6.312.219.7016.7025
Source: MTPC
Source: MTPC

In 2007, the telephone penetration rate was 12.2%. The objective set for this year is 19.70 for line and cell phones. The rate increased to 16.70% during the first semester of 2008, which gives an achievement rate of 84.77%. Regarding the number of subscriptions to mobile telephony (for 100,000 inhabitants), the 15,255 objective for this year 2008 is already achieved even though we are still in the first semester, with a recorded number of 15,472, i.e., an achievement rate of 101%. If MAP objective for 2012 is 22,500 mobile telephone subscriptions (for 100,000 inhabitants), we would certainly have such result if the pace is kept. On the other hand, the number of the population having a mobile telephone is 16% in the course of this first semester. This translates into an 88% achievement rate because the objective to be achieved for this year 2008 is 18%. Finally, 1.9% population is using the Internet for this first semester. A 90% rate was therefore achieved because the objective set for this year is 2.1%.

The liberalization of the sector and the resulting harsh competition among operators in terms of range of services and competitiveness of prices, on the one hand, and the involvement of the private sector for the extension of the National Backbone for the Northern Part in microwave beam, for Toamasina-Antananarivo-Fianarantsoa line in optical fiber, and operation of the Toliara-Taolagnaro-Mananjary-Vangaindrano) on the other hand, contributed to these results. Conversely, the installation of phones in rural areas and the development of access to telecommunications including ICTs and the Internet are somehow delayed. Nevertheless, new ICT centers have been established in rural areas, namely in Antanifotsy and Fenoarivobe.

As regards connection to the international network (optical fiber), the work to install the two submarine optical cables from Toliara (EASSY with TELMA) and Toamasina (LION with Orange) started in the first semester of 2008.

Access to safe water and hygiene

Table 7:Percentage of the population with permanent access to safe water-national level (%)
Indicator name200620072008 0bjective2008 1st semester Achievement2008 Objective
Rate of population permanently having access to drinking water at national level (%)38Not available45Not available65
Urban (%)64.257.378Not available95
Rural (%)31.6Not available36Not available57
Source: MTPC
Source: MTPC

The water and sanitation sector has now its National Program for Access to Safe Water and Sanitation (PNAEPA) covering the period running from 2005 to 2015.

In 2008, the percentage of the population with permanent access to safe water was estimated at 45% at the national level, 78% in urban areas, and 36% in rural areas. During the first semester of 2008, 342 new water connections were recorded against the 1,000 planned by JIRAMA, i.e., an achievement rate of 34.2%. In areas not covered by JIRAMA, 356 water points were installed against an objective of 1,200, i.e., an achievement rate of 29.67% %.

The objective in the areas of sanitation and hygiene is to have 59% of the national population, 82% of the population in urban areas, and 46% of the population in rural areas with permanent access to hygiene infrastructures. Achievements include 938 latrines and bathhouses built against an objective of 7,000, i.e., an achievement rate of 13.40% for the first semester of 2008.

The Water and Sanitation sector has had poor performance due to delays in freeing the budget. Thus, little results have been recorded given that operational projects/programs are in the phases of study, development of tendering documents, procurement or start up of service provision.

In urban areas:

  • Project “Safe water and Sanitation for Ambalavao and Manjakandriana”: no positive achievement was recorded;

  • Project “Extension of the safe water supply system for the city of Antananarivo”, including improving service provision in the zones of Itaosy and Iavoloha: no positive achievement was recorded.

In rural areas:

  • Project “Safe water supply and sanitation for the Larger South”: 69 man-powered pumps were installed, i.e., an achievement rate of 36%;

  • Project “Safe water supply and sanitation”: 90 water points, including 50 in schools and 40 in communities, have been set against an objective of 400, i.e., an achievement rate of 23M;

  • Program for Safe Water Supply and Sanitation in rural areas (PAEAR): 167 trainers were certified on capacity building for the Regional Directorates of Health, Family Planning, and Social Protection in 8 regions and 540 districts.

As regards sanitation:

  • Project “Safe water supply and sanitation”: 140 latrines were built against on objective of 480, i.e., an achievement rate of 30%;

  • Project out of the Public Investment Program (PIP): 316 water points and 938 latrines were built under public-private partnerships.

Issue: Non availability of information enabling to appraise coverage in access to water and sanitation, in particular in rural areas

Main issues raised by Ministries:

  • Frequent change of the ministry in charge of water and sanitation sector (Ministry of Energy and Mining in January 2007, Ministry of Energy in February 2007, Ministry of Energy and Mining in November 2007, and Ministry of Water in July 2008)

  • Late appointment of GAC and SOE in June 2008 insufficient number of staff qualified for procurement (just one Person in charge of Public Procurement (PRMP) for MEM and Min Eau)

  • Posting of the whole 2004-2008 whole budget of ANDEA on the 2008 budget

  • Confusion in budgetary posting of the SMAD project

  • The JAPAN funded EAU SUD OUEST Project is planned to start up end of September 2008

  • UNDP financing is posted again while it is a project completed in 2007.

Actions have been undertaken regarding these issues:

  • Appointment of a PRMP and of members of CAO

  • Activation of recruitment of 60 executives

  • Activation of competitive bidding document processing


As part of working towards effectiveness and efficiency in projects, the following recommendations are given:

  • As regards principles and key concepts: the effectiveness of principles of program budgeting and results-driven management could be strengthened by synergy among coordination bodies and convergence of the budget monitoring systems on the one hand and the MAP monitoring systems on the other hand;

  • As regards budget implementation: the regular reconciliations between the DPPI (MPWM) and the DGB (MFB) should be better formalized in order to ensure better linkages between commitments and budget regularizations;

  • As regards FER procedures: the recommendations by stakeholders must become effective as soon as possible in order to avoid delaying the road maintenance campaigns;

  • Develop public-private partnership in building and managing safe water supply systems;

  • On the by-laws and budgeting of the Malagasy Road Authority: given that the design of the MRA was more or less taken after the operating principles of the RMF and AGETIPA for effectiveness purposes, it would be a good thing to make its status of commercial agency more coherent by specifying its modalities of funding and by solving the issue of the accountant. The funds should be rapidly made available;

  • Accelerate the establishment of the 60 managers in order to strengthen the Central Administration in charge of Water and Sanitation and move on to devolution of services.


Commitment 3: Educational Transformation

Follow Up of the Recommendations Made in 2007
Recommendations made in 2007Progress status during 1st semester of 2008Observations
Build the capacities of the MENRS (physical, human, and financial)Management of MEN Human Resources modernized through the acquisition of 7,000 PCs for Central Services and 22 DREN
MEN WEB site and database updated
Perform a stabilization of the staff budgeted for at the MENRS70,000 new MEN agents counted
Appoint 2,800 new semi-specialized teachers as early as the start of school year 2008-2009 for the reorganization of primary education into 7 years2,800 new Semi-Specialized Teachers (SST) being trained for the start of school year 2008-2009
Recruit teachers at the lower and upper secondary education levels based on needs expressed250 teachers for upper secondary general education and 50 teachers for upper secondary technical education recruited
Establish national strategies to take literacy education to scaleDraft national strategy to take literacy education to scale developed
Modernize the management of universities through computerizationUnderway
Improve supervision at universities’ level through the recruitment of new researcher teachers47 Lecturers and 5 Assistants recruited Training of Researcher Teachers and high-ranking technicians completed
Improve the diversification of innovative pedagogical methods and facilitate access to the methods through Distance Open Training (DOT)DOT is not yet in the phase of initiation

Analysis of Priority Indicators

Pre-school Education

Pre-school coverage rate

The objective of the pre-school educational system for school year 2008-2009 is to achieve a coverage rate of 8%. Efforts are made in extending the system in order to achieve the annual objective. It includes community awareness-raising and finalization of the CISCOs and communities training scheme. Activities towards the creation of community pre-school centers are under way.

Activities for establishing pre school community centers are under way in the course of this first semester. The number of children enrolled in Pre School has been from 8,745 in 2007 to 10,321 in 2008. This year, there are 222 operational public and community pre school centers, having 362 teachers inventoried, versus 195 operational pre school centers and 254 teachers inventoried in 2007.

Primary Education

Rate of children attending primary school/Completion rate

The 2008 objective is to stabilize the gross rate around 122%, and to increase the net rate to 86, 8%. For the time being, a 124% gross rate and an 86% net rate are recorded.

As for completion rate it was 54.3% in 2007. The objective is to increase it to 63% for the year 2008. These rates are available only on an annual basis

The number of pupils in the primary school has moved from 3,104,521 in 2007 to 3,263,066 in 2008. Such performance is dependent on building of classrooms, recruitment and training of teachers, relieving parents from some charges through equipment in school funds. The results obtained are:

Graph 5:Gross rate and net rate of scolarisation in primary education

Source: MENRS

Building/rehabilitation of classrooms:

For the year 2008, the capacity in primary education has increased. There were 53,513 operational classrooms in 2007 versus 58,005 in 2008.

The objective for 2008 e is to build and rehabilitate 2, 000 new classrooms for the upcoming school year start so as to manage to provide each Fokontany with a full-cycle school:

  • 588 classrooms are newly built, 29 classrooms are rehabilitated, calls for bids have been launched (BADEA, OPEP, BIT, JICA, FID IV).

  • Contracts for other construction work have been signed. The herein after table reflects the contributions of main partners.

Table 8:Construction and rehabilitation of classrooms(Primairy education)
FID IV302195

Recruitment of Teachers:

  • 2,000 Parents’ Association teachers are recruited. The objective is achieved at 100% and this is owed to the fact that STDs were made responsible. However, lack of qualification is noted among candidates recruited and a 5 to 6 month delay affects the payment of their salary in some Regions.

Training of Teachers:

  • The objective is to train 15,000 Parents’ Associations teachers (ENF). The training will be held during the longest holidays; 43 CISCOs are sensitized; 1,170 trainers and 3,486 facilitators are trained;

  • Regarding the training of Semi-Specialized Teachers (SST): 2,800 are being trained; 19 trainers are recruited in CRINFP.

It is to be noted that the ABM/MADERE, financed by AFD, provided equipment to the training and pedagogical supervision centers.

Number of subsidized FRAM teachers

As part of the development and the implementation of professionalization plan of non civil servant teachers, 28, 562 among them are subsidized.

Allocation of school kits:

  • Relevant actions deserve to be noted: 941,318 newcomers in grade one received brown school kits, which amounts to 100% of the objective.

Setting up of school canteens:

  • To give further priority to the schooling of children from needy families or attending schools where food insecurity prevails, 272 Public Primary Schools (PPS), distributed in 11 CISCOs, were equipped with school canteens against an objective of 200, thanks to WFP collaboration. 776 PPSs, distributed in 5 CISCOs, are being equipped with school canteens for the start of school year 2008-2009.

Equipment in school funds

  • In order to relieve parents from some charges allocated to education, 24,387 schools have been equipped with funds out of the planned 23,052 i.e., 95%.

  • Distribution of educational inputs

  • For better compliance with the new curricula, 3,500,000 pedagogical inputs have been distributed to pupils.

Lower secondary education

Rate of pupils attending lower secondary school/Completion rate

For the year 2008, the objective consists in increasing the gross enrolment rate at lower secondary level to 34%. 36% has been achieved.

This year, the pupil number at lower secondary school level has increased. It has grown from 420,153 in 2007 to 468,866 in 2008. The same applies to the number of operational classrooms and the number of teachers The completion rate objective is 24% for 2008. Such rate is available only at the end of the school year.

The lack of qualified teachers in rural lower secondary schools is a major hindrance to achieving the desired performance.

Graph 6:The completion rate in primary education

Source: MENRS

Activities undertaken during the first term 2008 to achieve the objectives include:

Building of classrooms:

The number of operational classrooms for the year 2008 is in increase, growing from 7,181 in 2007 to 7,929 in 2008.

The 2008 objective is still to build 400 classrooms for the upcoming school year, with a view to increasing capacity in lower secondary schools. 146 new classrooms have been built; 6 classrooms have been rehabilitated, calls for bids have been boosted/ boosted again (OPEP, BADEA, FID IV).

Contributions by partners are shown below:

Table 9:Construction and rehabilitation of classrooms(Colleges)
FID IV233137

Training of teachers:

  • The objective is to train 1,500 lower secondary teachers. The training is planned for the major vacation period.

Upper Secondary Education and Vocational Training

Rate of students attending upper secondary school/Completion rate

The gross enrolment for the year 2008 is 11.6% versus the 11%. Objective

The cycle completion rate in 2007 is 8.3%. This year, such rate should be 9.3%. The secondary school completion rate was supposed to reach 9.3%. The corresponding rates for the first term 2007-2008 are not yet available. So as to achieve the objective, priority was given to the reinforcement of the accommodation capacity of upper secondary schools and the training of teachers.

Building of classrooms:

Capacity in upper secondary schools has been increased: 1,459 classrooms are operational in 2008 versus 1,280 in 2007. For the 2008 to 2009 school year, the construction of 200 classrooms is still posted as an objective.

  • 67 classrooms are checked and signed for and 115 are being built, against an objective of 200. The Call for Bids relating to 62 classrooms (with funding from BADEA)

  • 23 upper secondary schools are equipped with scientific equipment and libraries.

Training of teachers:

  • A hundred and twenty (120) upper secondary school headmasters have been trained and are introduced to the project implementation process as part of capacity building.

Concerning vocational training, specialized job-qualifying trainings are being developed:

  • 137 institutions (public and private) are involved in specialized vocational training;

  • 1,365 degrees/certificates of training completion have been issued.

Higher Education and Research

Number of Students per 100,000 inhabitants/Annual graduates of Higher education

In 2007, there were 292 students per 100,000 inhabitants. In 2008, this figure increased to 350 while the objective was 323.

In 2007, the number of higher education graduates reached 6,568. The rate for this is not available yet for 2008

Activities were conducted in collaboration with partners during the 6 first months of year 2008. These actions include:

Shifting to the international LMD system:

  • Issuance of the Decree on LMD;

  • Setting up of the Cyber-U at the University of Antananarivo;

  • Development of 10,000 booklets and brochures on LMD with support from MADES;

  • Equipment of 02 laboratories for the Pharmacy subjects (in collaboration with the Mérieux Foundation);

  • Recruitment of 47 Lecturers and 5 Assistants;

  • Setting up of the accreditation system with support from PIC;

  • Modernization of the management of universities through the SCOLARIX application and creation of the IT work group from the 6 universities.

Training of Researcher teachers and high-ranking technicians:

  • Official graduation of 32 Veterinary Doctors and 32 Medical Associate Professors.

Rate of perception of socio-economic and cultural development actors regarding the research and innovation works

In the field of scientific research, activities are oriented so as to support rural development, nutritional research, and in situ conservation of species.

For this first term, achievements include:

  • The production of 29 tons of pre-basic and basic improved seeds (rice, legumes, corn, Lima beans, etc.);

  • Production of 40,000 young fish and 2,300 cuttings of cassava;

  • Production of 11 series of vaccines of 3,006,968 doses;

  • Training of 31 Higher Technicians on Radioprotection;

  • Laboratory trials using local industrial processes, products, and materials (volcanic fertilizers, jatropha biodiesel, bio-tany, etc.) underway;

Study of 7 medicinal plants under pharmaceutical research.

Regarding the establishment of the national research policy, the inventory has been undertaken by a group of national and international experts.

Number of literacy educated people

The first draft National Strategy was developed during this first term 2008. This paper defines the national strategy to take literacy education to scale, with a procedure manual on how to conduct literacy campaigns.

The partial results obtained regarding literacy education of children who do not attend school and/or dropped out of school as part of the EPT plan using the ASAMA method are still poor (20%). The number of targeted children who actually attended literacy education amounts to 1,250, while the objective is set at 6,000.

Although the result obtained is poor, the development of partnerships with NGOs and public institutions, is worth mentioning, namely with the Regions, the PPRR, and the BFV, as well as with International Organizations such as UNESCO and OIF (Organisation Internationale Francophone).

The Literacy Education Program developed for youth and adults aged 15 on having reading difficulties recorded a good performance. The actual performance during the first term amounts to 65% of the objective for the year, i.e., 11,120 adults enrolled in literacy programs out of the 17,000 planned.

Budget allocated to the Education Sector

During the first 6 months, the percentage of commitments in the education sector reached 52.5% (domestic financing for investment and operation).

Higher education received a significant percentage of commitments, after student bursaries were paid in due time.

As for primary and secondary education, slowness was noted in the execution of certain projects, such as the Primary and Secondary Education (OPEP), Education III (FAD Group), Support to Schools Damaged by Cyclones, Support to General Education (BADEA).

If works are started late, the impetus generated may not suffice to improve the educational system’s coverage and domestic effectiveness.


  • Reinforce the improvement of the availability, quality, and reliability of MEN data statistics;

  • Based on the indicators defined in the SNISE, conduct work for standardizing the indicators of the education sector in close collaboration with INSTATfor the reliability of the produced statistic information;

  • Equip local communities (Head of fokontany, Parents’ Associations, etc.) with transportation means to control and monitor teacher attendance;

  • Equip decentralized services workers with awareness-raising staff/material;

  • Reinforce resources given to decentralized services (computers for data entry, servers) to facilitate data collection;

  • Accelerate the setting up of General Treasuries, CIRFIN (Financial Division), Financial Controls in Regions where this has not yet been done, in order to facilitate the payment of teachers;

  • Reinforce periodic monitoring of achievements at the 22 DREN level.


Commitment 4: Rural Development

Follow Up of the recommendations Made in 2007
Recommendations made in 2007Progress status during 1st semester of 2008Observations
Review and set higher all expectations relating to the priority indicators of the MAP implementation monitoringMAEP cannot revise and set higher expectations relating to the priority indicators of the MAP’s implementation monitoring
Train trainers on hygiene standards, legislative texts on animal health, regulatory texts on cage and enclosure breeding, and the strategy for the development of fish farmingMissions of animal health supervision and monitoring were conducted in the 22 Regions; in addition, IBRSAV (Regional Office of Animal and Plant Health) were sensitized on the Rift Valley fever and hygiene conditions of animal food products
Raise the butchers’ awareness on hygiene standards in slaughterhouses and in meat stalls■ Awareness-raising on hygiene standards in meat stalls for the 22 Regions is completed
25 slaughterhouses visited and awareness-raising conducted in contaminated areas to protect them from the Rift Valley fever
Facilitate the establishment of associations of: fishers, fish farmers, breeders, farmers, etc.Training on fishing techniques, security at sea, and the conservation and transformation offish products provided to fishers of Menabe, DIANA, SAVA, SOFIA, and the Bay of Antongil
Facilitate the acquisition of the equipment necessary to the establishment of cage and enclosure breeding and the creation of traditional fishers’ or small and medium fish farmers’ associationsInformation trainings were given to leaders of farmers’ organizations, to the MAEP, and to NGOs to facilitate the establishment of associations

Information on the following recommendations is not available:

  • Promote the emergence of young rural entrepreneurs (medium farmers);

  • Actively research funding with financial partners to build the capacities of the MAEP;

  • Reinforce the improvement of the availability, quality, and reliability of agricultural statistics, in partnership with the INSTAT particularly: farm gate prices, production, number of associations, etc.

  • Make the data relating to the number of research products available for the needs of the regional sector, to indicate the specificities of each region of Madagascar in terms of crops (emphasis on the “value chain” principle).

Analysis of Priority Indicators

The Agriculture Sector Program was developed in March 2008, and mobilizes all stakeholders, in particular the Technical and Financial Partners.

Increase in the proportion of secured surface area

The issuance of land certificates was somewhat disturbed during the first term 2008. First, the applicants’ payment capacities decreased as a result of the lean period which particularly affected the Communes hit by cyclones in February. Then, the election of new mayors delayed the formalization of the authority of the commune that would sign and deliver land certificates. The following results were nevertheless obtained, as part of the implementation of Land Security activities:

  • 8,403Ha of surface area secured against an objective of 13,156Ha that is, 64% of the objective

  • 43 land offices (including 19 by MCA) set up and operational against the 260 ones planned, which amounts to a completion rate of 16.50%

  • 3,937 land certificates established by MCA NLP against an objective of 5,060, which amounts to a completion rate of 78%; the MAEP plans for the establishment of 30,000 certificates

  • 5,674 land titles delivered out of 10,000 planned that is, 64% of the objective

  • 10 land services modernized (digitizing and restoration of land documents with allocations of equipment to land services) out of the 10 planned ones that is, 100% of the objective

  • 92 PLOFs (Local Land Occupation Plan) developed against an expectation of 258 PLOFs, which amounts to a completion rate of 36% (the development of PLOFs is under way for the remaining land offices).

Increase in the penetration rate of financial institutions

The geographical spread and development of MFI networks suggest a promising Microfinance penetration rate: the objective of 10% is 92.50% achieved with a mid-term rate reaching 9.25%. Members are now 370,000 in number against an objective of 500,000, which amounts to a completion rate of 74%. Non-mutual Institutions record numerous memberships. MFIs are not yet present is some districts because of their remoteness and their lack of appropriate infrastructures for the development of MFIs. Still, the coverage rate over the national territory as a whole reaches 70.43% (81 districts out of 115 are covered).

As part of the development of financial institutions in the rural world, the activities undertaken at the MAEP level include:

  • An Institutional Support Fund of Ariary 1,700,000 established (OTIV Tana, OTIV Toamasina, CECAM - AECA Marovoay) that is, 100% of the objective;

  • A Guarantee and Refinancing Fund of USD 3 millions established by MCA, that is 100% of the objective of the MAEP amounting to Ariary 6,800,000,000;

  • 1 zone newly covered by the MFIs’ network (Toamasina 2) out of the 2 planned, which amounts to a completion rate of 50%;

  • 6 MFIs reinforced (OTIV Tana - Vakinankaratra-Amoron’i Mania - Toamasina - CECAM - AECA Marovoay), the objective set is fully achieved;

  • 8 new banks created out of the 8 planned, the objective is 100% achieved;

  • Outstanding credit of Ariary 1,125 million invested in the agricultural sector against an objective of Ariary 1,200 million, which amounts to a completion rate of 93%.

Use of agricultural inputs and development works

The mainstays of the Green Revolution are reinforced by the performance of the following activities:

  • Intensification of the use of agricultural inputs: the quantities of fertilizers imported amount to 13,422 tons against the objective of 19,700T and the basic seeds used to 409T (off-season crops), including 26 tons of imported seeds (garden, corn, and potato) against an objective of 8 000T;

  • Training and support of 1,249 farmers’ associations against plans of 910;

  • Training of 13 regional inspectors to control seeds (completion rate: 100%);

  • Development works which generated 17,800Ha of surface areas of good water mastery against plans of 120,000Ha that is, 14.83% of the objective;

  • Increased number of operational Water Users’ Associations to 312.

Food Security

In order to mitigate the impact of the international food crisis on the population and on account of the demand pressure and the scarcity of supply due to the stagnating crops and the moratorium to export decided by some countries, the Government has urged the intensification of off season cropping in order to diversify and increase the agricultural production. Off season cropping was launched in the Diana Region in June 2008. The objectives of the program are to double production in 2009, to triple it in 2012, by urging farmers to change their mindset and adopt modern high yield SRI and SRA cropping and substitution cropping such as cassava, sorghum… Therefore, out of a surface area of 49,407 Ha requested by the 22 Regional Directorates for Rural Development 30,588 Ha have been used for such cropping, and 178 tons of seeds were purchased out of the 672 ton quotas.

Diversification of rural household income sources

As regards the diversification of the agricultural production, results are as follows:

  • concerning the development of innovative farming crops, 31,000 sets of banana are produced, 36,000 disseminated, and péjibaye and pineapple have been established and planted;

  • the cattle vaccination rate currently amounts to 42% against an objective of 80%;

  • the production of fisheries resources amounts to 43,877T, while the objective is 150,000T (the passage of cyclones during the first term did not help);

  • 166 fishers out of the 200 ones planned, received training (fishing techniques, security at sea, conservation and transformation of fishing products, management of Lake Kimanomby, and rules to enforce), which amounts to a completion rate of 83%;

  • 404 farmer groupings out of the 461 ones planned, were set up by the ABIP-MCA Project, i.e., 87.63% of the objective;

  • 7 Market Access Centers (CAM) were set up and became operational: the objective is 100% achieved (Fénérive-Est: Ampasina Maningory, Vohilengo, Ampasimbe Manantsatrana; Vavatenina: Ampasimazava, Anjahambe, Soanierana Ivongo; Manompana);

  • 17 Agricultural Service Centers (CSA), 13 of which are operational, are established out of the 50 ones planned, i.e., a 34% completion rate;

  • 6 ABCs out of the 12 ones planned are set up (Vakinankaratra, Amoron’i Mania, Menabe, Atsinanana, Boeny, Diana), i.e., 50% of the objective.

Graph 7:Evolution in yearly rice production

Source: MAEP

Contribution of Programs and Projects

National Land Program

  • 43 Land Offices set up and operational,

  • 5,674 land titles established,

  • 3,235 land certificates established.

For MCA-Madagascar Program (Millennium Challenge Account)

  • Support to land administration for the modernization of land services and the delivery of land certificates;

  • 2,078Ha certified through the setting up of land offices;

  • 5,243 agricultural farmers and companies received technical assistance;

  • 83 agricultural farmers and companies use the technical assistance received;

  • 1,051 Business Plans developed;

  • 19 ABC clients received a bill of sale;

  • 4,193 saving accounts in the zones;

  • Outstanding loans of USD1,869,286 of saving accounts in the zones;

  • Guarantee and refinancing fund established: US$3 million (100% of the objective);

  • 8 new funds out of the 8 planned created.

ABIP Project (MCA)

Close supervision of producer farmers by ABCs regarding the respect of technical routes: Rice yield 3.47Tons/Ha, which amounts to 125% of the objective (2.78T/Ha);

  • Development of new value chains: 6 out of 6, that is 100% of the objective;

  • Setting up of associations: 404 out of 461, that is 88% of the objective;

  • Outstanding credit invested in the agricultural sector: Ariary 1, 125 million, i.e., 93% of the objective.

Inclusive Finance Program - MAG 60931 and AGEPMF Microfinance Project

  • Institutional support;

  • Improvement of the management of MFIs;

  • Promotion of an increased and viable offer of microfinance products and services suiting the needs of the target groups in high-density zones;

Support Service to Agricultural Service Centers (CSAs)

  • Setting up of 17 CSA

Boosting of the Agricultural Production

  • 400 tons of biological fertilizers acquired

  • 5 Workshops held for the launching of off-season crops 2008: Atsinanana, Analanjirofo, DIANA, Vakinankaratra, Amoron’i Mania.

Boosting of agricultural exports

  • Production and dissemination of 31,000 and 36,000 sets of banana;

  • 50 ha surface area for producing controlled seeds;

  • Design of new ranges of products: semi-crystallized products, jams, chips;

  • 4,500 in-vitro plants of bananas resistant to black cercosporiosis and 5,000 in-vitro plants of Plantain banana produced.

Rehabilitation of the Perimeter of Lower Mangoky

  • Reconstruction of a 40 linear meter long dyke and clearing of 68Km of drains;

  • Rehabilitation of 140Km of concrete irrigation channels and 294 hydro-mechanic pieces of equipment.

Valorization of the Basin of Upper Mandrare Project - Phase II

  • equipping the inter commune land office and the ASC of Tsivony so that it becomes operational

  • and development of 71Ha of irrigated micro-perimeters so that they become operational

  • community reforestation of 63Ha

Watershed Irrigated Perimeter Program

  • 4 CSAs set up

  • 163 farmers’ associations and organizations trained and supported

  • 1,900Ha of good water control surface areas Identification of 06 Communes for implementing land security actions.

Graph 8:Evolution in yearly production of halieutic resources

Source: MAEP

Rural Development Support Project

  • Reception of 68 sub-projects of productive infrastructures, 643 sub-projects of agricultural activities, 14 sub-projects of non-agricultural activities

  • Reinforcement of 3,470 farmers on sub-projects

Rural Income Promotion Program (PPRR)

  • 4 infrastructure complexes of MAC built and equipped

  • Rehabilitation/rebuilding/enhancing of 18.40Km of protective dams

  • Demarcation of a 5,698Ha surface area as part of land security and establishment of 5,032 land titles

FIFAMANOR Support Project

  • 29,512 potato pre-basic seeds produced

  • 137.9T of potato basic seeds produced in station

  • 16T of wheat basic seeds produced in station

  • 3,013 cows and heifers covered and/or inseminated

Anti Erosion Project

  • Training, awareness raising, and mobilization among farmers in the intervention sites on the importance of anti-erosion (workshops, field visits, supervising farmers for land management techniques)

  • Protection of erosion sites peripheral to canals and rice fields by establishing fascines, tree plantations and other means to fight erosion.

Anti Locust

  • 2007 - 2008 infestation campaign: about 75,000Ha

  • 23 anti locust posts established and operational

The projects “Support to the fishers’ communities of Toliara, Development and promotion of aquaculture, Surveillance of fishing of the Malagasy Plateau and continental talus, Shrimp resources management program, Fisheries health authority” contributed to:

  • the capacity building of fishers,

  • the environmental education campaign

  • the production of 4,051,154 post larvae of shrimp and 28,000 young fish of Tilapia accessible to fish farmers

  • the conducting of sea, air, land, and satellite surveillance: 87 days of surveillance by ship, 266 days of surveillance by mobile brigades, 40h35mn of surveillance by air

  • the drawing up of health certificates for fish products devoted for export


  • Reinforce assets in information collection;

  • Develop communication under Public-Private Partnership;

  • Regarding mildew which continues to undermine potatoes, replace the farmers’ seeds with seeds that are free of the disease, cultivate varieties that are resistant to the disease, treat crops;

  • Sensitize livestock breeders on the importance of IA (genetic and health aspect, viability to service, and technical training);

  • The improvement of the penetration rate of MFIs and the increase in density of the geographical coverage are partially linked to the remoteness of the zone not yet serviced. Actions in this direction should therefore be taken to achieve the objective;

  • Increase studies of the micro-finance needs in areas not yet serviced, as these are a prerequisite to setting up new MFIs and to assessing and anticipating their viability.


Commitment 5: Health, Family Planning, and the Fight Against HIV/AIDS

Follow Up of the Recommendations Made in 2007
Recommendations made in 2007Progress status as of the 1st semester of 2008Observations
Use the National Strategic Scheme as reference for the development of Regional schemes for fighting HIV/AIDSSharing the PSN document among regions, developing the PSN framework document for regional planning starting from the year 2009, and regional support in developing action plans in some regions for the year 2008.Sharing missions at regional level on regional planning process are scheduled to prepare the 2009 planning
Reinforce effective collaboration between SE/CNLS, the MoHFPSA, and partners as part of STI/HIV/AIDS programsConvention of partnership between MoHFPSA and SE/CNLS signed in 2008, Management Technical Committee set up at the Regional level

Analysis of priority indicators

Efforts initiated in year 2007 were sustained, especially regarding the allocation of medicines and supplies, the vaccine supply, and the control of communicable diseases.

Achievements are expressed by the levels of the following indicators:

Rate of use of outpatient visits in Basic Health Centers exceeding the average objective set for 2008

Table 10:Rate of use of outpatient visits in Basic Health Centers
Indicator Name2006200720082012
Objective1st semester AchievementSNISE Objective
Rate of Use of CSB Outpatient Consultations38.842.3051%30.30%70

The rate of CSB “outpatient” visits amounts to 30.3% against a 2008 objective set at 51% (that is, 59.4% of the objective). This performance is owed to the building/rehabilitation and equipment of CSBs, the setting up of a monitoring system, the recruitment and deployment of medical staff, and the allocation of medicines and quality supplies.

Building/rehabilitation and equipment of CSBs

  • 37 CSB are built; 13 rehabilitated out of the 40 ones planned (completion rate: 42.5%) and other CSB are being built or rehabilitated;

  • 50% of the 40 equipment acquisition procedures are underway;

  • Emergency triage being built at Ikongo and in Fenoarivo Be (achieved at 50%)

  • 7 CHRR out of the 10 ones planned (completion rate: 70%) have an operational equity funds.

Availability of qualified, motivated, and equitably distributed staff, especially in CSBs and priority zones

  • 45 female paramedical staff recruited and deployed in CSBs and in CSD maternity wards.

Setting up of a Monitoring system

  • 96 Health Districts out of the 111 ones planned (completion rate: 86.49%), have an operational monitoring system.

Allocation of quality pharmaceutical products and supplies:

The activity is enlarged to remote CSBs of the rural world. Globally speaking, objectives are 99% completed.

  • Essential drugs are available at a 95.7% rate

04 teaching hospitals, 16 CSBs, and 111 District health services equipped with medicines, quality perfusion liquid, consumable reagents, which amounts to 100% of the objective

  • 07 Regions (Bongolava, Itasy, Haute matsiatra, Ihorombe, Alaotra Mangoro, Antsinanana, and Atsimo Andrefana) out of 06 planned ones have introduced the Improved Traditional Medicine at the Health Center level (318/370 CSB).

Elimination of communicable diseases, including Malaria and Tuberculosis

Malaria incidence at the CSB level:

The malaria incidence rate at the BHC level decreased to 6% during the first term 2008, against an objective of 5% (completion rate: 83%) thanks to reinforcement Indoor Residual Spraying (IRSC) preventive actions on high land or unstable area and MID (Long Lasting Insecticide Treated Nets) on stable areas (desert areas, coastal areas):

  • 300,000 households have been protected

  • 92 Districts out of 92 planned ones have also applied Malaria Intermittent Preventive Treatment (IPT) among pregnant women.

Table 11:Statistics of Malaria
Indicator Name2006200720082012
Objective1st semester AchievementSNISE Objective
Malaria incidence rate at CSB level17.67%5%6%1%
Malaria mortality rate in hospital environment17.50%13.90%13%8.85%9%

Graph 9:The malaria incidence rate - The mortality rate associated with malaria

Sources: Monthly reports of activities in Basic Health Centers

Mortality rate associated with malaria in hospitals

The mortality rate associated with malaria in hospitals amounts to 8.85% against an expected rate of 13% (completion rate: 146.89%). This good performance derives from:

Among others, the availability of antimalarials such as ACT/RDT at the level of Health Centers and to staff training


Satisfactory results regarding the rate of incidence of tuberculosis

The rate of curing from bacilliferous tuberculosis amounts to 80% against an objective of 82% following the application of a community based treatment of the disease with the community’s participation:

  • 1,509 people sick with TB out of the 2,500 planned ones; i.e., 65.36%, are motivated by subsidies;

  • 46/90 providers are trained on the management of tuberculosis cases; i.e., 51%.

Control and elimination of other endemic and epidemic diseases: these diseases have lately been of concern. They include plague, sarcopsyllosis, schistosomiasis, and filariasis.

  • Lethality rate of plague: the rate decreased to 11% during the 1st term against an expected rate of 9% (completion rate: 89%), owing to the allocation of kits in 21 Districts that are seats of plague against the 41 Districts planned (completion rate: 51.22%);

  • 14 Districts out of 50 planned ones benefited from the punch operation against the epidemic of flea or sarcopsyllosis (completion rate: 26%);

  • 500,000 against an objective of 100,000, children in school age (50%) in the 19 Districts out of the 21 ones were treated during mass distribution campaigns of free anti-schistosomiasis medicines;

  • 17 Districts out of the 29 planned ones (completion rate: 58.62%) benefited from a free anti-filariasis medicine distribution campaign;

  • 09 Regions at risk out of the 9 ones planned benefited from the pre-positioning of emergency kits for endemic and epidemic diseases in the event of disasters.

Fight against HIV/AIDS

The actions are hinged on the decentralization of the fight; the integration of HIV/AIDS prevention programs in national, regional, and local development programs and schemes; the setting up of screening centers; the management of PLHIVs’ treatments and follow-up; making condoms available to youth aged 15 to 24; the communication strategy, and the capacity building of health workers.

The major indicators that reflect the situation, the trend, and the actions of the fight against HIV/AIDS include:

The prevalence of HIV among pregnant women which requires major investigation. However, the results of actions conducted allowed for uncovering the trend in prevalence.

  • 31 Voluntary Counseling and Tests (VCT), 15 (CDT/CTV),, and 630 Mother-to-Child Transmission prevention sites et 630 sites for Mother To Child Transmission Prevention (PTME) are operational out of the 750 planned ones (completion rate: 90.13%);

  • The percentage of people under ARV treatment who are alive 12 months after the start of the treatment is 56.84% against an objective of 95%

  • 104 Districts conducted at least one awareness-raising on HIV/AIDS prevention, accounting for a 94% achievement for all Regions.

The decentralization of the fight against HIV/AIDS is one of the strategies used to stimulate local response to STIs and HIV/AIDS.

A rate of involvement in the decentralization of the response estimated at 18% for the 1st term, against an objective of 36% (i.e., 50%).

In this respect, several actions were taken, including the allocation of physical and financial resources to the 22 Regions for the implementation and monitoring of regional schemes; support from Regions in the development of action plans: 5 plans out of 8 intended ones have been developed; regarding the development of local plans for fighting AIDS, 816 local plans, in all, out of 1,113 intended ones have been developed, (respectively i.e., 100%, 63.8%, and 73.3% of objectives for the year 2008).

Rate of condom use among youth aged 15 to 24

Various activities were undertaken to achieve a condom rate of use of 25% among men and 10% among women:

  • 6,349,044 condoms have been distributed against the objective of 17,500,000 (i.e., 36%); centers were out of Fimailo stock in the first semester. Nevertheless there has been an order for 15,000,000 Fimailo; the batch will be delivered in the course of the second semester of 2008.

Rate of use of screening centers (available only at the end of the year)

Activities conducted include:

  • Training of 44 health workers at regional level, and will thereafter be in charge of training at the level of Districts; it is a cascade training to reach the objective of 600 people trained

  • Training of 20 physicians on sydenology, against and objective of 10 (i.e., 200%);

  • 105,439 people screened against an objective of 400,000 (completion rate: 26%). Stock-outs of reagents were however reported in some health facilities.

Family Planning

Table 12:The contraceptive coverage rate
Indicator Name2006200720082012
Objective1st semester AchievementSNISE Objective
Contraception coverage rate12%18%19%17.14%25%

The contraceptive coverage rate

The contraceptive coverage rate is 17.14% (situation as of 1er quarter of 2008) against an objective of 19%. The activities performed to increase the contraceptive coverage rate for a reduced average size of Malagasy families relate to what follows: FP site multiplication, FP extension, use of several contraceptive ranges, sensitization in Adolescent Reproductive Health (SRA) and Domiciliary Visits by Community Health Workers.

100% of the Districts have at least one site offering one Long-Term Method LTM/Implanon;

  • 319/810 upper and lower secondary schools have been sensitized in SRA, (i.e., 39.4%); boosting is planned for the coming school year for a 50% achievement.

Setting up of IMCI sites

Setting up of IMCI sites

  • 11% of the Communes planned ones have IMCI sites against the objective of 25% for year 2008 (completion rate: 44%);

  • 33 Districts out of the 55 ones (60%) have introduced zinc/ORS in the management of diarrhea Immunization.

Satisfactory DTPHep B3, B.C.G., and measles immunization coverage rates

The DTPHep B3 immunization coverage rate is 59.5% against an annual objective of 85% 2008 has been achieved at 70% right from the first semester of the year);

The BCG immunization coverage rate is 70.4% out of an annual objective of 97% i.e., 72.57% during the 1st semester

The measles immunization coverage rate is 67% against an annual objective of 90%, (annual objective achieved at 74.66% in the course of the 1st semester)

The following activities were carried out to achieve these results:

  • Construction of cold chain installation in several regions

  • Implementation of the micro-plan developed under way, in Districts of poor coverage and therefore subject to Reach Each District (ACD);

  • 100% of the Districts are supplied with vaccines and injection equipment.

If the current trends are maintained, the objectives set for 2012 will no doubt be achieved.

Graph 10:The DTPHep B3 immunization coverage rate


Reduction of neonatal mortality (MDG)

The maternal mortality rate for 100,000 Live Births (LB) and the neonatal mortality rate for 1,000 living births are not yet available. Trends can be derived from the level of the intermediate indicators obtained from the activities conducted at all levels to increase the use of emergency obstetrical and neonatal care.

  • The assisted delivery rate in CSB and CHD is 18, 5% against an annual objective of 27.2% (i.e., 68, 01%);

  • The Prenatal visit coverage rate is 53.3% against an annual objective of 74%, (i.e., 72.03%);

Various activities were conducted to achieve these results:

  • The 22 Regions were equipped with 596,00 free individual delivery kits and 72 CSB with Basic Emergency Obstetrical and Neonatal Care Kits (SONUB), (objectives for year 2008 were achieved at 65% during this 1st semester);

  • are equipped with lC-section kits (objective achieved at 100%);

  • 01 National Campaign for Mother and Child Health (SSME) was conducted during this 1st term out of the 02 annual campaigns planned for the year.

Malnutrition control

Malnutrition is included at the same time in national priorities and in MDGs. Its level is assessed based on the low weight indicator among children under 5.

Proportion of children under 5 who are low weight during outpatient visits at CSB

The objective set for year 2008, namely 14.4% is already achieved at 100%, since the objective for this indicator was kept at the same level as for year 2007.

Proportion of children who are low weight at the community site level:

During the 1st semester, the annual objective was reached at 88%. Compared to the level achieved in 2007, an improvement by 3.4 points was recorded. Actions implemented to achieve these results include:

Making 44 CRENI and 44 CRENA (existing and new ones) operational and allocating inputs to them (in collaboration with ONN) and 36 CRENAM (WFP support) and 82 CRENAS (ONN collaboration and UNICEF support)

  • 65 CSB promoted baby-friendly, against a forecast of 50 CSB;

  • Analysis of 638 samples of food products and delivery of 619 edibility certificates against an objective of 780 samples (82%);

  • Enrollment of 504,304 out of 524,162 children under 2 out of the 524,162 planned ones (96.12%) in nutritional programs;

  • Making operational of 5,500 community nutrition sites and awareness-raising on increasing harvests and on diversified diet.

Participation in SSME; Celebration of the National Nutrition Day

  • Awareness-raising on nutrition at local radios, kitchen gardens in the school environment;

  • Communication of health issues are part of the duties of health communities and community workers.

Population adopting hygiene and health practices

Percentage of households using sanitation facilities

  • Surveys need to be conducted to assess this indicator. Even so, actions have been noted at health facility level and these should contribute to achieving the objectives set.

  • 09 health facilities out of the 22 planned ones are equipped with incinerators. (i.e., 40.9%)

Percentage of WASH friendly CSB: 2.74% of CSB out of the 3% planned ones have become Wash friendly

Share of the health budget in the full budget

Low commitment rate as compared to the budget allocated to the sector

  • The budget absorption rate is 40, 14% for the operating budget and 14, 24% for the investment budget.

The reasons raised for such discrepancies are the issue of access to the network at regional level as well as cumbersome procedures.

contribution of technical and financial partners to the results of the sectoral programs and the projects performance

The World Bank supervision mission conducted a progress assessment for the most recent action plan of the Project for Developing a Sustainable Health System (PDSSP), a various component project, jointly financed by the World Bank, AFD, and GTZ in keeping with the Sector Wide Approach (SWAP) process and the Second Multisectoral Project for the Prevention of STI/HIV/AIDS (PMPS 2).

The Sustainable Health System Development Project or PDSSP a has contributed to:

Strengthening the health services provision through: the signing and the implementation of the Action Program for Integrating Health Inputs (PAIS):

  • the building and allocation of initial stocks of medicines to 48 CSB;

  • supplying of 12 anti-rabies vaccines storage centers;

  • the allocation of kits and preparedness in the event of epidemics in 41 Districts that are seat to plague;

  • the free mass treatment in 17 Districts where filariasis is endemic;

  • the opening of 155 new Implanon sites.

The development and management of human resources: through:

  • setting up of an incentive package to win the loyalty of Physicians and paramedical staff in the remote areas of 3 Regions, namely Melaky, Androy, and Vakinankaratra;

  • organizing training on Key Surgery for CHD1 to be upgraded into CHD2 for 15 Physicians (training under way);

Development of the Health system funding

Making the 2009 Program Budget available;

  • Finalization of 2008-2012 METF.

Improvement of maternal and child health through:

  • The Provision of a package of Maternal-Child free services during the Maternal and Child Health Week held twice a year;

  • Fine-tuning process of the Community Approach under way;

  • Champion Commune Approach developed in 6 Regions;

  • Paying-third system for universal access to C-section and pediatric emergencies in two regions (Boeny and DIANA);

  • Increased prenatal consultation rate to 81%

  • Stabilizing of plague lethality rate to 16.3%

The PMPS 2 Project

  • Syphilis prevalence among sex workers decreased by 20%, compared with 2005; the 2007 results indicated a reduction in the order of 26.5%

  • Progress in condom use among young people aged 15 to 24 years old and sex workers

The PNNC SEECALINE project, in collaboration with NNO contributed to the improvement of performances of projects falling into line with the sector program;

  • The implementation of the national nutrition policy (PNN) and the national nutrition action plan (PNAN), as part of the malnutrition control is indeed carried out at the preventive level (breastfeeding, national community nutrition program, micronutrient deficiencies control) as well as at the management level of children with severe acute malnutrition.

  • Different programs and projects are implemented by Ministries and other actors and participants, in collaboration with ONN (multi-sector coordination structure) as well as with Regions, with support from technical and financial partners, with the aim of achieving the objectives set in the Madagascar Action Plan (MAP) and the State Overall Policy (PGE)

Other partners, namely FNUAP / UNICEF / OMS / GFATM / USAID contributed to the following projects:

  • Support to the maternal and child survival policy;

  • Support to the infectious and non-infectious disease control programs;

  • Support to Family Planning.

Recommendations - Review of the Sectoral Program

Observing the lack of involvement of the private sector and of associations and NGOs working in the field of health and social affairs in the achievement monitoring system per level, the following recommendations are made:

  • Involve the private sector and associations and NGOs working in the field of health and social affairs in the planning-monitoring-evaluation process based on the Plan for Developing the Health and Social Protection Sector (PDSSPS)

  • Consider the recommendations from the joint review oriented on priority topics: METF, Integrated Services Packages, and development of District and Regional Development Plans, Incentive system for health workers, Community participation, and Performance criteria at different levels of the health system, monitoring and evaluation.

  • Prioritize the implementation of activities funded with subsidies

As regards nutrition:

  • Prioritize malnutrition control in development policies, programs, and plans (sector, regional, municipal); further advocacy with decision-makers and at all levels is required;

  • Close collaboration of the program with local authorities and technical services at the intervention zone level is also needed to ensure the program’s success and social and economic development at the regional and local levels. The program can indeed not claim to fight malnutrition on its own, without involving entities to improve the social and economic situation of the community.

Budgetary performance

  • Ensure the coaching by central level Directorates and Units on budgetary execution by the team of the Administrative and Financial Affairs Directorate.

  • Replace GACs and SOAs who are no more operational (appointment of officers).


Commitment 6: HIGH GROWTH Economy

Follow up of Recommendations made in 2007
No up-to-date information is yet available to assess potential changes in the structures of FDIs as recommended last year.
Recommendations in 2007Progress status as of the first semester of 2008Observations
Rehabilitate, as an urgent action, the hotel facilities destroyed by cyclones Fame and Ivan in order to be ready for the next tourist season.Effective for the private sector
Initiate discussions to reinforce linkages of tourism with other sectors, especially Public Works and Transport, Environment, Telecommunications and CommunicationsEffective implementation
Recommendations in 2007Progress Status as of the 1st semester2008Observations
Implement the new system for collecting data on mineral duties at the lower levelsOrder #21895/07 on December 20, 2007 sets the modalities for the collection of mineral duties. Implementation has started. However, given that it is a complex tax (need for sustained IEC campaign at the commune level); another order #1442/2008 on July 3rd, 2008 setting transitional collection modalities has been enforced.
Strengthen support to the private sector in processing mining products and in extractive activitiesTraining provided by Madagascar Gemology Institute (IGM) with:

  • - 147 people trained in Stone Cutting

  • - 166 people trained in Gemology

  • - 6 people trained in hand made jewellery

Implement the actions to support the decentralized management of mineral resourcesEfforts focused in the region of Anosy:

  • - completed rehabilitation of the building of the Inter regional Directorate (DIR)

  • - Operational Field Agents (but lack of budget for recruiting higher rank executives to lead the DIR).

Reinforce the effective implementation of mining governance

  • - Mining Administration Office (BAM) Ilakaka-Sakaraha: completed (but the recruitment of staff for it to work depends on availability of budgetary posts).

  • - Adherence of Madagascar to the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI): on good rails (five regional workshops completed in five regions).

Accelerate the progress towards the exploitation phase of the major mining projects while respecting local communities and the environmentThe building works in the two major projects (ilmenite in Taolagnaro and nickel-cobalt) are progressing in accordance with plans.

QMM shall begin extraction in early 2009

Analysis of the Quantum Leap

  • Three regional structures for receiving FDIs have been set up (EDBM);

  • Laws on Investments and on Export Processing zones and Firms in Madagascar have been promulgated

  • The payment of tax by wire transfer has been adopted in two Regional Services for Companies in Analamanga (i.e., 33% of the objective for 2008);

  • The online VAT service is operational;

  • Six Authorized Management Centers are operational, i.e., 100% of the year’s objective;

  • The bill on exports has been finalized;

  • The bill on public-private partnership has been designed and awaits adoption;

  • The decree for application of the Companies Act and abrogating the provisions on minimal equity for Limited Liability Companies (SARL) and Sole Proprietorship with Limited Liability Companies (EURL) has been published.

Analysis of Indicators

Economic Growth and Investments

Madagascar’s development plan until 2012 gives a driving role to the private sector through the promotion of investments, especially foreign direct investments.

Despite the oil and food price increase marking the national international economic context and the cyclone occurrence in the country in the first semester, the overall national production has increased. However, such contexts have led to review the initial programming of the 7.3% economic growth to 7.1%.

Between June 2007 and June 2008, production in some main activity branches has increased except in that of livestock, which fell by 2.7%. The highest increase is recorded in the « communication » sector at 57.2%, followed by that of rail transportation at 55%, that of BTP and construction materials respectively at 54% each. Tourism recorded the least dynamic increase in production, followed by insurance and sea transportation. It may be said that the production increases in these tertiary branches testify to the increase in national production.

The sectors of building works and building materials rank first in terms of turnover, with a 78% increase between the above mentioned periods. The turnover of the communication sector has increased by 34%; this may be explained rather by parallel increase in the production volume in the sector; its ex factory price decreased 16%. Road transportation and chemical industries are the sectors in which the biggest increases in ex-factory prices are recorded at 26% and 20% respectively.

What about investment promotion?

In the report “Doing Business Indicators 2008”, in June 2007, Madagascar ranks 149th out of 178 countries in terms of investment climate, compared to a ranking of 149th out of 175 in 2006.

Compared with other benchmark countries, investment initiatives in Madagascar are impeded by three main barriers:

  • Access to credit (176th/ 178): The difficult access to credit is mainly due to the lack of information on the conditions for accessing credits and to comparatively disadvantageous loan conditions (collaterals, etc.);

  • Registration of property (165th/ 178): This is reflected by the high number of procedures required, the delay for processing files and applications, and the cost of registering the operations;

Concluding business contracts (151st/ 178) (especially for legal aspects): The impediments are similar to those mentioned for registration of property.

This year, Madagascar plans for a gross investment rate that is 7 points higher than in 2007, i.e., 35.5%. It will be at 25.7% made up of private investments. Given the flow of FDIs currently estimated at SDR 441.5 million against an annual forecast of SDR 439 million, meaning that the 2008 annual objective is exceeded mid year. It may be envisaged that the annual investment forecast may be exceeded.

Graph 11:FDI Flow and Economic Growth Rate

Source: Bulletin N° 67 BCM

Several actions were undertaken over the last six months to promote business and boost investments:

  • A dedicated industrial zone was identified and should be usable once the development works are completed;

  • Twenty four applications for authorization from Export Processing Zone Firms have been filed

  • Six Agro industrial Units have been established

  • Three partnership agreements were negotiated and are awaiting signature (60% of the annual objective): Madagascar-Canada; Madagascar-Italy; and Madagascar-Algeria;

  • Three regional structures for receiving FDIs have been set up;

  • All the focal points of the EDM are now working in the Ministries and the Embassies;

  • 755 applications were processed as part of facilitating investments, i.e., 61% of the annual objective;

  • 75% of the annual objective in terms of investment visits have been achieved;

  • The country has taken part or organized fairs, exhibitions, missions, etc. at the local, regional, and international levels through the activities of the Malagasy Embassies, Malagasy operators, road shows, etc.

  • The administrative procedures for visas have been facilitated and new international norms were adopted (biometric passports, etc.);

  • The CERDICs of Itasy and Bongolava are operational. The premises have been identified for the establishment of ten additional CERDIC this year, in the regions of Atsinanana, Vatovavy Fitovinanay, Atsimo Atsinanana, Menabe, and Vakinankaratra;

  • Six CERAM have been established (100% of the objective set in the State’s General Program) and 1,500 hand-made products have been certified (22% of the annual objective);

  • Different bills on the establishment of 12 new Chambers of Commerce and Industry have been prepared (draft decrees and orders). In addition, 9 regions out of 12 have communicated requests from regional operators for the establishment of CCIs in their Regions;

  • Actions have been undertaken to fight informality and frauds: verification and standardization of measurement instruments, cleaning up of markets through the RRI approach;

Twenty-nine (29) cooperatives have benefited from strengthening (58% of the annual objective).

Out of an annual objective for establishing 1 500 SMEs, 693 have been established in this first semester including 325 foreign-owned companies.

  • In addition, to support and build on the efforts to promote investments, three meetings between the private sector and the government were held to address the following topics:

  • The Export Act: the bill has been finalized and should presented as such in the Council of Government and to the Parliament for adoption in the second session in 2008;

  • The legal and institutional framework for public-private partnership: the bill on PPP has been designed, and should be presented to the committee in charge of reforming the business law, the Council of Ministers, and the Parliament;

  • The Decree on minimum equity for companies: the decree on the Companies’ Act application and abrogating the provision on minimum equity for Limited Liability Companies (SARL) and Sole Proprietorship with Limited Liability Companies (EURL).

Overall, the need to boost the national production has to be admitted, essentially:

  • Develop strategies that may contribute to reduce the production factor costs by further improving the infrastructures required for increasing energy-, road-, port-, ICT-, related investments ….

  • Enhance conditions for private sector access to long term credits…

  • Diversify the types of large foreign investments; further solicit investments by manufacturing firms.

  • Develop programs of assistance to producers and companies in their quality insurance approach,

  • Support work for harmonizing the in force standards and for normative regulation in the framework of regional integrations (COMESA and SADC)

  • Resort to off season cropping

Long-term bank credit granted to the private sector

Access to long-term bank credits is one of the main obstacles to investments in Madagascar.

However, the private sector is starting to benefit from more long-term bank credit. In the first semester of 2008, bank credits granted to the private sector amounted to Ariary 1,655 billion, 7.1% of which are long-term credit against 6.9 at the same period of last year. At this pace, the annual performance of 7.27% in 2007 could be exceeded this year.

The most recent statistics on microfinance institutions (December 2007)—which are entities that may finance the activities of SME/SMIs, indicate outstanding loans of Ariary 70,093 million. It should be noted that the penetration rate of microfinance is 9.25% (93% of the annual objective) against 7.86% in June 2007

Full Employment Promotion

Full employment promotion was less dynamic in this first semester. Actually, except for the performance in establishing ten Information and Orientation Centers on Employment and Training (out of an annual objective of establishing five centers), the achievement rates for the other engaged actions are moderate compared with the annual objectives:

  • 5,212 formal employments established, i.e., 10%

  • 02 Regional Committees for Employment Promotion Monitoring and Poverty Reduction (CRSPERP) established, i.e., 18%

  • In keeping with the implementation of the National Program for Support to Employment (PNSE): 38 Credit Committees and 11 facilitators have been trained in culture of credit; 2572 beneficiaries have been sensitized on culture of credit and 06 representatives of the 06 Regions have been trained in culture of entrepreneurship, culture of credit and project arrangement.

Prices and Inflation

The increase in prices of main petroleum products, as well as those of food products has certainly entailed inflationist pressures worldwide. However, it can be said that the actions taken by the country in such context have contributed to mitigate the impact of such increases at the national level. Among others, this mainly consisted in what follows:

  • Curbing the increase in monetary aggregates by keeping the same level of instruments (prime rate at 12%, minimum requirements at 15%)

  • Curbing the budget deficit by regulating expenditures; the deficit which was initially programmed at 4.9% will be reviewed downward to 4.4%.

  • State divestiture from the banking system for an amount of some Ariary 198 billion.

In addition, the national currency appreciation should be noted for this first semester. But it must be noted as well that the rice price decreased in the first semester, which is the harvesting period. Moreover, in order to face the international inflation and food crisis, the government has taken actions to improve the national production (off season cropping) and to strengthen the stocking of food stuff.

The Government means to continue and strengthen such actions for the whole year 2008 by planning to implement a program of social protection which consists in making targeted transfers to the poorest population such as in food for work and school feeding, subsidizing transportation, allowing temporary VAT exemption for rice and oil, as well as import tax and duty for some agricultural machines and materials and freezing electricity price (on a temporary basis).

Graph 12:Variation in Consumption Price Indices for some main products

(December 2007-June 2008)

Source: INSTAT-Bulletin « Résumé IPC 2007-2008 et projection 2008-2012 »

(Base 100: moyenne des prix de Janvier 2000 à Décembre 2000) For 2008-2012 »

(Base 100: average of prices from January 2000 to December 2000)

For the year as a whole, the initial 8% forecast of increase in the general price level (average of periods) has been reviewed upward to 9.4%.

Actually, between December 2007 and June 2008, the consumption price indices overall increased by 2.6%. Whereas this increase is neighboring 2% for the cities of Antananarivo, Toamasina, and Mahajanga, it is the most felt in the city of Toiler (6.2%) and Antsiranana (5.4%). The city of Fianarantsoa experienced the lowest increase with 1.7%.

Still in the same period, the prices of semi imported and imported consumption goods became much more expensive than those of the local products respectively with 6.39%, 4.90%, and 1.89% increases. From the perspective of production, the prices of processed food products fell by 5.90%, of which that of rice fell by 8.34%; those of main commodities also fell by 1.36%. Conversely, the prices of unprocessed food products, as well as those of industrial manufactures products rose respectively by 6.11% and 5.23%. Depending on the product function, the group of « Hotels, cafes, restaurants » experienced the highest 6.33% price increase, followed the 6.76% increase in transportations.

Graph 13:Evolutions in exchange rates Evolution in Consumption Price Indices


Sources: INSTAT-Bulletin N° 148-(Base 100: moyenne des prix de Janvier 2000 à Décembre 2000)

BCM-Bulletin N°67

On a year on year basis, between June 2007 and June 2008, consumption prices as a whole became more expensive by 9%. It should be noted that the energy price significantly increased by 10.65% for the same period.

Public Finance

The implementation of strategies to reform the management of the government budget has led to the following achievements in the first semester:

  • A restrictive budget policy with the suppression of some expenditures lines on the one hand and the increase in resources on the other hand, with a current estimated tax pressure rate at 12% against an annual forecast of 11.6%;

  • Improvement of the IT systems for the management of public resources;

  • SIGFP has been installed in all ministries (25), in Financial Districts, and in the Institutions (PRM, PM, Senate, and Parliament);;

  • TRADENET is now implemented in the customs office where SYDONIA ++ is operational (Toamasina, Antananarivo, Mahajanga; i.e., 75% of the implementation objective);

  • The payment of tax through wire transfer has been adopted in two regional services of companies in Analamanga (i.e., 33% of the objective in 2008);

  • Established six Authorized Management Centers which became operational, i.e., 100% of the annual objective;

and continues yielding results in terms of effective and healthy management of the government budget.

During the first semester, the overall operation of the Treasury resulted in:

  • Total revenues of Ariary 1,053.9 billion (off grants), i.e., 53% of the annual Ariary 1,978.5 Billion forecast (Amending Finance Law); the first semester objectives in tax revenues have been exceeded, i.e., Ariary 527.3 Billion of taxes collected out of an Ariary 454 Billion forecast, and Ariary 494 Billion in customs revenues mobilized, i.e., 97 % of the semester objective.

  • Total expenditures amounting to Ariary 1,271 Billion, i.e., 37% of annual programming.

At such pace, the budget deficit that was forecast at 4.9% this year is highly possible because it is currently estimated at 4.4%.

However, efforts need to be made to optimize overall budget implementation, which is currently estimated at 36.90% (i.e., 50% of the objective). Such efforts will consist in improving the reporting system, financial controls, and external controls.

In addition, the late appointment of officials in technical Ministries is one of the origins of such low budget execution rate.

Furthermore more fiscal revenues could be expected through a better strategy of identifying new tax payers.; the achievement in the first semester accounts only for 6% of the annual objective, i.e., 1,933 new tax payers identified by 33 Tax Centers.

Foreign Trade

Madagascar forecasts a trade deficit of SDR 1,197 million for year 2008 with imports estimated at SDR 2,106 million. Currently, the trade balance is SDR 564.4 Million against a deficit of SDR 279 Millions in June 2007.

In the course of this first semester, the figure for Madagascar export revenues is some SDR 414.3 Billion. These largely derive from export by Export Processing Zones (54%). Vanilla and petroleum product exports account respectively for 4.38% and 4.85% of such revenues.

Compared to achievements in the same period last year, our exports, in value terms, have increased by 11%. However, the rate of coverage of imports by exports which is about 42% for the first semester is 15 points lower compared to the previous year.

In fact, the overall imports of these last six months, and which are in the order of SDR 978.7 Million, have increased by 50% compared with the statistics of the period in 2007. The value increase of about 160% of import of equipment goods (26% of the total of our imports) for this first semester, compared with the data of the first semester of 2007 may explain such deterioration. In volume, while exports fell by 8% compared with the achievements as of June 2007 and as of June 2008, imports increased by about 34%. EPZ exports fell by 8% versus a volume 30% increase in their exports. Between these periods, there should also be noted a significant increase of nearly 84% in the volume of raw materials imports.

Regarding performance in exchanges by the country with the main regional cooperation organizations during the first semester, the coverage rate of imports by exports with IOC is the highest, in the order of 60%, followed by that of COMESA by 22%; the coverage rate with SADC is currently estimated at 9%.

In terms of hard currency reserves, the country plans for 2.4 months of import for this year. For this first semester, the reserves in import months are estimated at 2.3 months, i.e., a 0.7 point regression compared with the performance as of the first semester of 2007 which was 3 months. The deterioration may be ascribed rather to high increase in the imports over the last six months (against the achievements as of June 2007) than to the volume of our minimum requirements which, in this month of June, are estimated at SDR 550.5 Million versus only SDR 474.5Million last year.

Graph 14:Evolution in Exports and Imports

Source: Bulletin N°67 BCM

Regarding prospects, measures and actions have to be taken to win in foreign exchanges. Among others, the point will be to strengthen export tax incentives for ordinary regime exporting firms, to diversify and strengthen the financial instruments in favor of exports, to facilitate the proceedings by the exporter through the establishment of one stop export desks…

In particular, in keeping with the sub regional cooperation, Madagascar has certainly a more advanced coverage rate with IOC. However, integration with the other regional markets should be further promoted as they offer more potential (conditionalities….); by operating with a larger volume of exchanges and customers, namely SADC and COMESA (SADC area GDP is in the order of US$200 Billion and SADC and COMESA markets have hundreds of customers to be targeted). As part of the SADC cooperation, a project called « National Program for upgrading and modernizing industries in Madagascar» is planned to start next year. Its main objectives will be to promote investments, exports, technology, quality, local manufacturing. Initiatives for promoting investments are also proposed under the AfOA.

Madagascar Foreign Debt

Since the beginning of the year, the country has benefited from debt relief amounting to SDR 44.63 million, including SDR 33 million on the capital. Bilateral debt relief is the most significant at SDR 18.25 million, including 12.89 Million on capital. As part of the Initiative for Multilateral Debt Relief (MDRI), Madagascar benefited from a debt relief of SDR 11.93 million. Thus, our foreign debt service currently amounts to some SDR 7.08 million, i.e. half our debt service in 2007. Regarding exports, such service is in the order of 1.6 against an annual forecast 2, 5; as of the first semester of 2007, such service was 0, 8. As our export in value increased by 11% compared to last year this can rather be explained through the deterioration of such ratio by further service of debt recorded in this first semester.

During the first semester, the management of foreign debt resulted in:

  • 3 loan agreements negotiated for an amount of US$152,705 million;

  • 05 loan agreements signed for an amount of US$168,042 million;

  • 03 grant agreements signed for an amount of US$113,717 million;

  • Withdrawals made on loans in April: Ariary 135.021 billion;

  • Signing a second contract of debt-clearing and development (C2D) with France.

Performance in Tourism

Increase in direct employments created and low tourism revenues

  • The cumulative number of direct employments created in the tourism sector is of 24,524 in the first semester of 2008, which means the annual objective of 24,500 employments for year 2008 is already exceeded. Thus, the achievement rate is already 100% though we are only in the year first semester. The Project to standardize hotels and restaurants, and which is to intensively promote and develop the tourism sector, has contributed to additional 479 employments.

  • The revenues generated by tourism were SDR 94.22 million during the first semester, against a SDR 236 million forecast for year 2008. The achievement rate is thus 39.92%. The main reason for the poor performance is that we are still in the low season. Revenues will significantly increase as we enter the tourist season. It should be noted that during the six months of low season, the flow of non resident visitors increased by 10% compared to the same period in 2007.

  • Several projects contribute to the development of the tourism sector. The Project to Extend the Economic Observatory of the Tourism Sector to the Regions aims at improving the production, dissemination, and use of statistics on tourism; the Project for the Development of National Tourism aims at enhancing the value of the social setting while preserving cultural integrity to ensure the well-being of each individual and to revitalize local communities. The Project of Standardization of hotels and restaurants and to monitor tourist activities aims at intensively promoting and developing the tourism sector

Regression in mineral duty collection

Low rate of mineral duty collection

  • In 2007, the mineral duties collected amounted to Ariary 252.5 million. In the first semester of 2008, the collection of mineral duties amounted to Ariary 21.28 million, i.e., an achievement rate of 6% compared to the objective of Ariary 331.380 million set for this year. The general slowdown in mining activities due to the suspension of export of all mineral substances at the beginning of the year, then of uncut precious stones starting in July, on the one hand, and the delay in the collection of duties and rebates in the communes due to the suspension of export account for the low level of mineral duty collection.

Several large projects contribute to the intensive development of the mining sector. Under the Project for Mineral Resources Governance (PGRM) funded by IDA, the concept of a Mining Administrative Building (MAB) has been adopted for Ilakaka. Sakaraha was adopted and the facilities were effectively built. The eight Mining Environmental Units of the regional directorates are now operational, and the work at the scale of 1/100,000 and 1/500,000 have been completed. The maps should be available to the general public by July 2008 as part of strengthening geological infrastructure and updating geo-scientific information. Under the Project to Build the Institutional Capacity of the Mining Sector (PRISM) with the French Cooperation, the Mining Administration skills were strengthened and the geological and basic mining information were updated.

The main actions to be undertaken in the short and medium terms are as follows:

  • Monitoring of the proposal for establishing a Mining Foundation for Community Development (FMDC) in the Region of Anosy, allowing channeling part of mining revenues for direct impact to communities. There should take place a follow up dialogue at the Ministries in charge of Mining, Decentralization, and Finance; and at the region level to come up with a real consensus in decentralized management of mining revenues.

  • Following a request from OMNIS, assistance is being established in order to advise this organization in the decisions to be made regarding its participation of up to 20% in the QMM Project.

  • The first phase of the study on mining taxation allowed identifying a diagnosis of the various mining regimes. The 2nd phase allows a quantitative simulation of the upcoming State mining revenues and a formulation of detailed recommendations.

  • The request for funding conveyed to EITI Trust Fund, which is being processed, is to be accelerated.

Contribution of the Main Projects

Integrated growth poles project

The IG2P has a disbursement rate of 64.94% to date. During the first three months, it achieved the following:

  • Improving Access to Credit:

As part of creating partial guarantee at two commercial banks:

  • GPP-BFV-SG-SHORE BANK: 41% of new borrowers; 7% of outstanding loans outside Antananarivo, 89 new loans made;

  • GPP – BNI-CA-EURO GROUP: 75% of new borrowers, 19% outstanding loans outside of Antananarivo, and 660 new loans made.

It was noted that the concentration of loans in the two poles of Antsirabe and Antananarivo limits the capacities of the MSMEs in the project development poles.

  • Promoting Tourism 32 / 100 MSMEs trained in technique of reception, accommodation, catering, and e-marketing in the poles of Nosy Be, Antsirabe, and Taolagnaro – 56/200 in management, Business running, and Business Plan, 10 people from ONTM/MTC trained in English; and ONTM participated in 02 shows related to tourism development.

  • 130 /200 MSMEs in Nosy Be and Taolagnaro have adhered to

  • Tourism related information system: established.

  • Supporting and promoting crafts value chains: 6 value chains were selected, one micro-project on a value chain was funded in each pole, and 25 MSMEs/100 were trained in crafts-making;

  • Supporting the establishment of three regional branches of the EDBM;

  • Promoting exports: 30/150 engineers in textile have been trained.


Commitment 7: Cherish the Environment

Follow Up of the Recommendations Made in 2007
Recommendations made in 2007Progress status during 1st semester of 2008Observations
Involve all interveners, sector Ministries, decentralized territorial collectivities, the forces of law and order, and the local population, so that control efforts may be combined at all levelsSetting up of the Regional Planning and Monitoring-Evaluation Platform (RPMEP)
As for ANGAP, one site should have just one donorAchieved
Each Protected Area should have a fire management plan including preventive as well as active control.Completed

Analysis of Priority Indicators

Marked increase in the surface area of Protected Areas (PA)

4,225,819Ha of PAs were attributed the temporary or final status, against an annual objective of 4,500,000 ha. Of which:

  • 2,576,591 ha (temporary status) (ANGAP sites)

  • 1,649,228 ha classified final

It is to be noted that the passage from temporary status to final status is long and depends on several sectors and Regional Consultations.

4,225,819Ha of PAs were attributed the temporary or final status, against an annual objective of 4,500,000 ha and 24,393 square plots are under surveillance in 27 PAs.

Regarding PA development and maintenance, 85Km circuits, 88Km boundaries, and 09 eco-tourist infrastructures were developed and maintained.

The number of tourists visiting PAs reached 39,752 against an expected number of 128,100 for year 2008.

To ensure ecological monitoring and application of land, lake, sea, and coast ecosystems conservation measures, the PAs overall efficiency index of the ANGAP network reached 62%, which amounts to a completion rate of 100% as compared to the objective set. The representation rate of the habitat in the system is 94% against an objective of 92%.

Increase in the reforested and restored surface area

Achievements in reforestation matters include: 34,515Ha reforested that is, 138% of the objective set, 30,549 seedlings planted out, and 2,530Kg seeds produced. The main activities relate to the collaboration of the National Forest Seeds Silo (NFSS) and the Ambatovy Project on training on forest rehabilitation, reforestation actions over a surface area of 65Ha in Anjozorobe and 50Ha in Toamasina

As regards the implementation of the various plans, 15 development plans are being implemented – including 08 in the Region of Diana, 02 in Boeny, and 05 in the zones of the Natural Resources Sustainable Management Program (NRSM) and USAID, and 03 sector management plans (Prunus africa, Crocodylus niloticus, and Centella Asiatica) are revitalized, which amounts to a 75% completion rate. 400 households in the Region of Atsinanana and 80 in the Region of Haute Matsiatra adopted the use of alternative power (ethanol SPURE).

Decreased burnt surface area

The objective is to decrease the burnt surface area below the 350,000Ha mark in 2008 (that is, 45% of the 680,000Ha of the 2002 baseline year). The burnt surface area recorded during the 1st term 2008 amounts to 979 Ha, but it must be noted that the fire season is still to come in the following months.

The Ministry provided control efforts, namely by assigning Ariary 55,295,500 to DREEFTs, allocating 20 bicycles to the 18 fire brigades, presenting and legalizing 84 Dinas at the district level, sensitizing 120 communes and 402 Fokontany, planning activities relating to bushfires management over a 4-year period by PGDRN, revitalizing/creating 200 fire control committees through training at the commune level.

Funds collected for the Protected Areas and Biodiversity Foundation of Madagascar (FABM)

The amount raised for PABFM reached USD 53,905,205 and is distributed as follows:

  • US$11,060,969 paid out (WWF, State/KFW, CI, Melissa Moye, IDA, FFEM, AFD)

  • US$37,404,205 signed for (WWF, State/KFW, CI, C2D, IDA, Melissa Moye, AFD, FFEM)

  • US$16,500,000 awaiting signing (GEF, KFW)

Forest and environmental receipts amount to 470.67% of the Ministry’s operation and investment budget, owing to the sale of seized wood; however, this is a one-off situation, not an ongoing one. The receipts amount to Ariary 9,993,657,129.86 and are distributed as follows:

  • Forest receipts strictly speaking: Ariary 583,000,000

  • Receipts from the sale of wood seized: Ariary 9,410,657,129.86

Increased implementation of the Environmental Education Policy

While the annual objective is set at 22%, the percentage of primary, secondary, higher, and vocational facilities integrating environment curricula amounts to 13%, distributed as follows:

  • 08% in primary schools

  • 04% in lower secondary schools

  • 01 % in upper secondary schools

Two (02) environmental education sessions are organized in collaboration with the Environmental Education Program Office (BPEE within the Ministry in charge of National Education and the Fanamby NGO.

Reinforced Forest Control

Regarding policing, control and the forest regulation framework:

  • 22 Regional Inspection and Control Services (RICS) are appointed and 17 Regional Environmental Complaint Management Councils are set up

  • 13 controls are conducted

  • 08 traffickers arrested and 02 sanctioned

  • 01 precious wood illegal exploitation identified in Vohémar

  • 18 CIREEFs were supported for offence processing and seized forest products sale (188 forest agents, 86 magistrates, 60 police officers and 68 gendarmes, 09 Treasury officers, 11 ANGAP agents, and 02 process servers trained)

Contribution Of Main Projects

The results of the Environmental Program Support Project 3 funded by IDA, UNDP, USAID, CI, WWF, WCS, the European Union, the German Cooperation, the Swiss Cooperation, the French Cooperation, and the Japanese Cooperation, are materialized through the management of the PA and forest ecosystems, the integration of the environmental dimension, and the improvement of the institutional mechanism.

The “Development of the Second National Communication under the Convention on Climate Change” Project (UNDP), the “Community and Participatory Conservation of Biodiversity in the Forest Corridor of Anjozorobe” project (GEF/UNDP), the Biodiversity Protection and Valorization Pilot Project (FFEM), the Biologically Diverse Forest Ecosystems Conservation Program (USAID), the “Natural Resources Sustainable Management Program” (PDGRM/GTZ), the “Bushfires Control” Project (ETAT), and the “Commune Reforestation Support” Project (ETAT) have positively contributed to the sector’s performance. As for the “Seeds Harvest and Conservation” (ROYAL BOTANIC GARDENS), activities relating to seeds and seedlings production will only start in October.

Challenges and Outlooks

Completion status of 2007 challenges and outlooks:
Challenges and Outlooks of Year 2007Achievements during 1st term 2008
Ensure the fluidity of information among decentralized servicesSetting up of the Regional Planning and Monitoring-Evaluation Platform (RPMEP)
Reinforce linkages with the Regions: technical supervision, communication of information
Equip the 22 Regions with their own regional control serviceThe 22 Regional Inspection and Control Services (RICS) are effectively made operational

Challenges and outlooks for the 2nd term 2008:

  • Further integrate sector ministries in the environmental dimension


  • Environment cells at the sectors’ level should reinforce environmental advocacy with their respective decision-maker

  • The capacities of the Regional Planning and Monitoring-Evaluation Platform (RPMEP) of each Region should be built to improve data reporting.


Commitment 8: National Solidarity

Follow up of recommendations made in 2007
Recommendations made in 2007Progress status during 1st semester of 2008Observations
Expand EKA activities to other Communes already defined in the action plan 2008;Making funds available to the 209 new Communes targeted
Increase the budget of the EKA program, especially in RPI and mobilize other donors, because UNICEF is currently the only donor;
Research financial partners and potential investors for the development of the cultural sector;
Incite decentralized collectivities to integrate the youth and sports component (especially the building of sports infrastructures) in their development program;
Mobilize resources for the training of sportspeople to improve performances.10/23 Television broadcasts 21/33

Radio Broadcasts 10

News Broadcast 01 Press Trip
Extension of best practices and leadership success stories10/23 Television broadcasts

21/33 Radio Broadcasts

10 News Broadcast

01 Press Trip
Restricted Broadcast Channels Strengthen the collaboration with the regional media in broadcasting the program in the regions
Train customary chiefs in leadershipScheduled for the 3rd quadrimester (Week of 27 October 2008)
Citizen Mobilization and Participation15 training and sensitization sessions A 2 month training promotionNLIM/CNPC/Civil Society Forum NLIM/Faculty of Theology

Analysis of Priority Indicators

Number of national cultural (physical and non physical) heritages preserved

During the 1st term 2008, four (04) categories of ancient cultural heritages were rehabilitated and restored, out of the six (06) planned ones (completion rate: 66%). Activities aimed at contributing to the achievement of this indicator were conducted and include:

  • the inventory and conservation on audiovisual and written media of 33 traditional Malagasy dances and music that are almost on the way of disappearing

  • the inventory and conservation on audiovisual and written media of the Zafimaniry woodwork expertise;

  • the inventory of traditional sports;

  • the preservation of non physical heritages on brochures, such as: Fanompoambe, Savoir vivre, Famadihana, “Coup d’oeil”.

Number of National Artistic Prizes Awarded

  • 1 prize batch for the “accordion” Contest awarded out of the 8 planned ones (12.5%)

Number of Art, Art Crafts, and Design Creations Supported

Three (03) series of art creations were supported out of the 10 planned ones (33%).

  • International exhibition in South Africa:

    • - Participation of 2 Valiha players;

    • - 30 artworks (plastic) exhibited.

  • Creation of Contemporary Dance by the TAHALA Company: Representation of Madagascar in Tunis “Danse Afrique Danse”;

12 creations of visual art: 3rd short films meeting in Madagascar.

Cumulative number of Regions supported in the organization of cultural events representative of their culture

  • One Region supported (“Donia” Festival) out of the 9 Regions planned for this year (completion rate: 11%). Discrepancies are due to material and financial problems.

By its mission, the NOAC is essentially called on operating in decentralized territorial collectivities for the valorization of regional specificities (Festivals; itinerant exhibitions; training of local artists, etc.). This requires adequate means, such as 4WD cars and substantial financial means.

Number of advertorials and documentaries produced

Four (04) advertorials and/or documentaries were produced out of the 04 ones planned (completion rate: 100%).

  • “Mirehareha amin’ny maha Malagasy” broadcasted on the national television;

  • Randrana andafy on MBS;

  • Fito anabo 1 on MBS;

  • Awareness-raising media: Clip entitled “Hosoka”, Brochures, Calendars.

Number of brochures published

Seven (07) brochures published (completion rate: 100%):

  • 2 issues of the “VAKOKA” information bulletin

  • Catalogue on Malagasy traditional dances and music that are almost on the way of disappearing

  • Brochure on the six (06) museums under the Ministry’s supervision.

  • Brochure on the Zafimaniry culture and woodwork expertise

  • 2 brochures respectively entitled: “Kabary, vakoka tsy tontan’ny ela” and “Fanandroana tombamaso”

Number of cultural events created and supervised

  • Two (02) regional cultural events on the topic: “True fihavanana: folklore, traditional literature as vectors of development” in the phase of preparation

Holding of events: DIANA in July and Haute Mahatsiatra in October, topic defined during the Presidential Dialogue.

Number of challenges organized (organization of selected sport contests)

Two challenges organized out of the three ones planned (66%):

  • Kitra fokontany in Toamasina

  • Kitra fokontany in Taolagnaro

Number of contests organized for the best artists, sportspeople, and partners

Two contests organized out of the three planned (66%):

  • 01 Cultural contest organized: National “accordion” contest;

  • 01 series of contests organized during Zafimaniry Days: prize of the Best Stall, prize of the Best Craftsperson, and prize of the Best Folklore Performance.

Number of conventions signed between a Region and a Private Company for participation in a great event

One Convention signed between the Ministry and the COFESTIN (Organizer of the Donia Festival)

Leadership Capacity Building among Members of civil society organizations and public sector officials, and Conduct Monitoring

Capacity Building at Decentralized Level

  • All 22 Regions have benefited from the trainings (100%). The subsidy in MAP budget fostered the training activities, hence the achievement of the objective. In addition, need for reinforcement in monitoring and evaluation.

  • Training of 18 Districts out of 119 (15%). Constraints are due to overlap with the election period. However, the training program is budgeted and the establishment of the PGDI2 financing is pending.

  • Grouping up of 1,546 mayors at Iavoloha (100%).

Training at Central Level

  • Training of 1,084 people in Short Training Courses (3 to 5 days) out of the 645 planned ones (168%). NLIM provides an efficient and effective training, hence the related increasing demand.

  • 1 to 3 day Thematic Workshop for 2,500 people out of the 4,600 planned ones (54.5%). Confirmed renown for NLIM in terms of leadership: infrastructure and conference organization fostered further demand.

  • Leadership course for 157 people, but necessity for a formal and more structured strategy

Number of annually organized cultural and sport events promoting Interregional Exchange

Organizing cultural events encourages dialogue and fosters culture sharing while strengthening national pride. Such events did reflect: i) the Professionalism of technicians in designing, conducting and animating cultural activities; ii) the collaboration with a network of partners involved in cultural development (Alliance Française).

  • Series of Angano (tales), including: “Ny samoina alaina amin’ny vavany, ny olona afatotra amin’ny lelany ”; Ny Hasin’ny teny teo amin’ny malagasy 08/02/08; Ibonimasibonimanoro; Ny Hasin’ny vady sy ny tokantrano ary ny lanjan’ny zanaka eo amin’ny malagasy 14/03/08; Ifaralahy diso fangataka, Ny fanehoan’ny malagasy ny fifandraisany amin’Andriamanitra 11/04/08; Imahazendana 09/05/08; Nosy Madagasikara, Ny toeran’i Madagasikara eo anivon’izao tontolo izao 13/06/08; Hain-teny, don-tany sy kapo tandroka.

Conference on the Topics:

  • “Ny lalan-tsain’ny malagasy takarina avy amin’ny lalao Fanorona” 05/03/08;

  • National solidarity and Organization: Status 04/06/08;

  • “The Malagasy woman before colonization” 08/03/08; Women’s International Day.

Forum on contemporary literature: Tononkalo/ Tononkira (Poems/Lyrics)

  • Artist Singer Samoela 20/06/08;

  • Artist Singer Henri Ratsimbazafy “Hira ho anao”;

  • Haingo “IIo”.


  • “Fanorona” Photos and game media, 05 to 08/03/08;

  • Paintings including Raparivo;

  • “Ny vary eo amin’ny fiaraha-monina Malagasy” Photos and books 04 to 07/06/08.

Sharing “Arofototse”: Antandroy ways and customs, music and folklores

  • Beko/Beko&Blues 20/02/08;

  • Fusion/Beko 16/04/08;

  • Mangaliba/Tsapike 21/05/08;

  • Beko 18/06/08.

Leisure: stage performances

  • Teatra vakiana (FMTM);

  • 5 projections of documentary and fiction films;

  • 5 sessions of Tales for children;

  • public and private media, various institutions, local artists, associations and NGOs).

Decreasing number of youth and children having no birth certificate

  • the proportion of children and youth under 18 having no birth certificate, estimated at 31%, seems to have decreased during this 1st term 2008 (31.2% in 2007). The objective set for 2008 is 24%. The discrepancy is due to lateness in signing AWPs and in releasing funds. However, outlooks for the improvement of procedures are under way to increase this rate by making funds available to the 209 new targeted Communes.

  • The computerization of civil status is aimed at achieving this indicator. As such, as part of the “POATELO” operation, 34 Councils of Administrative Boroughs and Districts benefited from the computerization of their civil status (completion rate: 2%). A 100% achievement is expected at the end of the operation.

  • A new Law on birth registration is approved in January 2008

  • Competences were given to Heads of District to draft birth deeds

Low number of athletes participating in international contests

During the 1st term, the athletes’ rate of participation in international competitions is very low, approximately 14.6% corresponding to only 114 athletes out of the 776 planned distributed over the various disciplines.

Such weakness is explained namely by:

  • The initial number which has been reduced to the quarter after the application of the selection criteria: only about one athlete out of four has been able to fulfill the required technical conditions;

  • The international contests to which Madagascar planned to participate will be held instead during the second semester of the year.

Number of law texts developed

Texts have been developed to better establish and formalize sport activities: two (2) texts have been finalized out of the 3 planned standard statuses of the (Unisport, Omnisport, and Affinitaire), of which: the Standard Status of the Unisport Federation and the Draft Standard Status of the Omnisports Federations.


  • One first draft of the framework document of the National Policy of Sports has been developed;

  • A draft Status for High Level Athletes has been developed.

Promoting gender equality and women’s autonomy

Several actions were taken to attain the objectives set, so as to achieve this indicator. During the term, good performance was recorded:

  • Fifteen (15) gender focal points are operational out of the 17 planned (completion rate: 88.24%);

  • Networks of women leaders are operational in 11 Regions (completion rate: 50%).

Improvement of the access of vulnerable groups to basic social services

Management actions were undertaken to achieve this indicator:

  • Three (03) villages of social and economic insertion and rehabilitation are supported with production equipment (Ankarefo, Ampivoarana, and Andranofeno in the District of Ankazobe) instead of the 02 villages planned;

  • 300 OVC (Orphans, Vulnerable Children) families are supported through Income Generating Activities and school assistance, out of the 300 (i.e., 100%);

  • 21 OVC sites are being set up (completion rate: 100%).

Concerning the improvement of the security systems of the vulnerable and poorest:

  • Four (04) networks of children’s rights protection are set up, out of the 06 planned (66.67%);

  • Two cities, namely Antananarivo Renivohitra and Fianarantsoa I are concerned by the LEMIZO initiative out of the 04 planned (completion rate: 50%).

Safety Net

Efforts have been made by the Government to secure access to basic food products and income generating activities for the most vulnerable households and strengthen resilience to rural community based shocks.

Nutritional Support, Income and Employment Generation:

The National Nutrition Office (ONN) in collaboration with the nutrition and food security sectors of the Ministries MINSANPF, MEN, MAEP, and the partners WFP, UNICEF… have been working together since May 2008 for developing an action plan in order to reduce the vulnerability of the target groups in all urban, suburban, and rural areas, and to mitigate the impact of the worldwide food crisis. In that regards:

  • 100 community based subprojects have been achieved over 151 Fokontany in 99 communes.

  • 522,725 people-day temporary employments have been established for 28,127 beneficiaries.

  • 335,378 linear meters of irrigation and dredging canals have been rehabilitated, with an estimate of cultivable surface area of 50,036 ha

Considering the current context, HIMO work as part of the activities of the Unit for Coordinating the Projects for Economic Recovery and social Action (CCPREAS) were temporarily suspended. However, the achievements related especially to ongoing construction and rehabilitation work for 16 buildings.

The number of formal employments established at the level of the Ministry of Civil Service, Work, and Social Laws amounts to 5,212. A number of 75 working children from vulnerable groups are trained st the Manjary Soa Center.

Responses to Post Disaster Emergencies:

The country was seriously affected by the passage of successive cyclones; FAME and IVAN were the most intensive ones, destroying many hydro agricultural infrastructures and harvests. The Unit for Nutritional Prevention and Security (UPSN), in its quality as an operational GRC Unit for ONN represented within the CRIC of the National Office for Risk and Disaster Management:

  • Intervened through: (i) the cleaning of some victims of such disasters, (ii) the equipment with small batches of materials (shovels, spades, wheelbarrows…) for cleaning work, and (iii) agriculture recovery work through the rehabilitation of destroyed hydro agricultural networks. In that respect, 41 Communes of 30 Districts were involved in an emergency program

  • Handing over of donations to BNGRC for the population affected by the disasters: 20 bags of sugar and 10 bags of rice

  • Participated in the assessment of damages and losses.

Challenges and Outlooks

  • Inventory, collection analysis, and dissemination of information on the Malagasy culture and values, to optimize their management and use

  • Making the cultural database, counseling services, and guidelines available to interested parties

  • Development of researches on culture

  • Promotion of creative youth

  • Integration of the cultural aspirations, trends, and life of the different local communities concerned with the social and economic development process (Project/Program) and development of citizen participation

  • Upgrading and application of legal frameworks governing the sports, culture, youth, and leisure sectors

  • Development of cultural industries in all sectors

  • Professionalizing and promoting of cultural actors and operations and their occupations

  • Development of standardized sports and youth structures and infrastructures (Gymnasium, Sport Complexes, Multi-games fields, Youth clubs, etc.)

  • Development of standardized structures and infrastructures for art teaching (Fine Art and Visual Art School, Drama School, Music Academy, Literature School, etc.), conservation of historic objects (museum, ancient works restoration workshop, expertise laboratory, etc.)

  • Intensive research for financial partners and potential investors in the cultural sector.


  • Clarify the programming and planning of leadership training with all ministries and regions.

  • Institutionalize and budget for the training by NLIM.

  • Increase the amount of budget (RPI) allocated to the ‘pre-exploitation fees” and “IT equipment” lines of the Public Investment Program (PIP) to put increased means (fuel, phone credits, etc.) at the disposal of local structures, for the performance of supervision, coaching, and data collection-recovery missions;

  • Hold a donors mobilization meeting to finance activities planned for in the program.

  • We perfectly know that some countries invest much in the sport and culture sectors. This should urge us to increase the budget allocated to the sport and cultural development, which annually amounts to only approximately 0.5% of the full budget.

  • Madagascar is rich in biodiversity, cultural diversity, and resources. These should be managed and used adequately and in compliance with standards. Efforts should also be made to attract potential investors.

  • Lack of infrastructures is a serious impediment to sports and cultural development.


Overall Situation of Financing/Disbursements

The total resources recorded over the first semester are about Ariary 1 271.1 Billion of which 69.2% internal resources and 30.7% foreign resources. Tax revenues amounting to some Ariary 1,021 Billion go on generating the larger share of such domestic resources. The 37% of total resources are allocated to investment expenditures, 28% to staff expenditures, 22% to running expenses, and 11% to the other expenditures.

We should notice that public resource mobilization and earmarking over these first six months result in an overall cash based balance of Ariary 66 Billion in which the net foreign financing is about Ariary 129.7 Billion. Running 37 % of these total resources are allocated to investment, 28% to personal expenditures, 22% to functioning and 11% other expenditures.

Based on the annual programming for regulating expenditures at 50% for this first semester, the 37% overall budget execution rate, i.e., Ariary 1,271 Billion of committed expenditures is still moderate. Therefore, improvements of the budget reporting system, the financial control and external controls are asked for. In addition, the appointment of the officials in charge of the Budget execution in the Ministries should be activated.

Besides, the current Government strategy to leverage education for development is in line with the allocation of the highest share of the total Budget to such sector which accounts for 18%. The Budget shares allocated to the other priority sectors which are Health, Agriculture, Water and Forests, and Public Works, are respectively 8.3%, 8.5%, 2.3%, 2%, and 11.5%.

Table 13:Public Resources / Earmarking (in Ariary Billions)
2007 Achieved2008 Programmed (Amending Finance Law)Committed as of June 2008
Total resources2,5943,4221,271.1
Internal resources1,6932,019880.5
Of which tax Revenues1,5731,9311,021.5
Non tax Revenues353232.4
Net Internal Financing8390-198.7
Privatization Funds Revenues222.2
Exceptional Revenues-1.400.20
Internal Arrears Variation--52.7022.90
External Resources9011,402.7390.6
Of which Grants593788260.9
Net External Funding308615129.7
Total Expenditures2,5943,4221,271.1
Staff Expenditures711.2815360.8
Operating Expenditures432.4755284.9
Capital Expenditures1, 049.91,582476.8
Of which Internal Financing3,14.9468111.8
External Financing7351113365.0
Other Expenditures400.3270148.6
Of which debt Interest155.614080.3
Source: MFB-OGT-Juin 2008
Source: MFB-OGT-Juin 2008

In addition, the social sectors of Education and Health recorded respectively commitments rates of 52% and 35%. Such commitments account for 34% of total sector based commitments as of the first semester.

Table 14:Operating and Investment Expenditures of Priority Sectors (in Ariary Billions)
2007Amending Finance Law 2008Committed 1st Semester 2008
Total for all Institutions and Ministries
Off Salary527.9684301
Off Salary43.849
Off Salary109.4121
Off Salary11.220
Water and Forests15.27012
Off Salary1.02
Off Salary16.522
Public Works142.535342
Off Salary1.49
Source: MFB/DIP-June 2008
Source: MFB/DIP-June 2008

1.1. Internal Financing / Disbursements

The internal resources recorded over this first semester amount to Ariary 880 Billion, i.e., 44% of annual programming. Thanks to the improvements made through the various reforms in State Public Finance Management, tax revenues are continuing to provide the majority of such resources. The 15.7% disbursement rate of internal financing remains low; this is only disbursement of Counter value funds. The same applies for the commitment rate which is only 25%.

Table 15:Public Investment Program Internal Financing(in Ariary thousands)
internal financing sourcesprogrammed (amending finance law 2008)committed
internal equity285, 320, 17581, 969,764
internal equity /vat140, 532, 82523, 445, 096
equity/dti4, 500, 00011,,474,908
equity/countervalue funds24,767, 000359, 846
total455, 120, 000117, 249, 614
Source: MFB/DIP - June 2008
Source: MFB/DIP - June 2008

The capital expenditures of some Ariary 476.8 Billion, i.e., 30% of annual programming (Amending Finance Law 2008) are financed through 23.5% of our internal resources.

1.2. External Financing / Disbursements

In the present first semester of 2008, the 36.5% rate of disbursement for external financing, all donors considered, i.e., Ariary 425.7 Billion, remains moderate. Subsidies provide more than 50% of the total of such disbursements.

Table 16:Public Investment Program External Financing(in Ariary thousands)
SUBSIDIES596, 610,000220,155,569
STATE LOANS552,500,000188, 472, 832
OTHER PUBLIC LOANS20,000,000360,756
TOTAL1,169,110,000408,989, 157
Source: MFB/DIP - June 2008
Source: MFB/DIP - June 2008

It should be noted that the current status in commitment and disbursement rates of external financing depends on the availability of related information.

Table 17:Status of foreign financing disbursement(In Ariary thousands)
Donors2007Disbursed Amounts as of June 2008
SubsidiesState LoansTotal Disbursed
Of which PARP 2(15.6)(15.6)
US AID24,8-24,8
France /AFD33,6016,7-16,7
Source: MFB/DIP-June 2008
Source: MFB/DIP-June 2008

The multilateral financing that were disbursed amount to some Ariary 336.4 Billion, and bilateral ones amount to Ariary 89.30 Billion.

In terms of disbursement of Subsidies on multilateral financing, UNICEF, USAID, as well as MCC are the main three donors, the respective disbursement rates of which are 108.22%, 75.7%, and 66.10%. Regarding bilateral financing, Germany, the disbursement rate of which is 71% is in pole position.

In terms of disbursement of loans on multilateral financing, IDA is on the front line and its disbursement rate is 47%. On the side of bilateral financing, the rate of disbursement of loans with China is the highest one at 62.05%

Regarding volume and any received financing type, IDA, the European Union (EU), UNICEF, as well as China, are the main donors. Moreover, the European Union has disbursed Ariary 15.6 Billion as budgetary assistance added to subsidies of projects.

Table 18:Use of Foreign Resources by Sector and Sub sector(In Ariary Billions)
Allocated toExternal disbursed 2007External disbursed June 2008
Agriculture/livestock/fish eries77,4052,10
Industries and crafts-
Water and Sanitation8,108,60
Town planning and Land Management70,2092,70
Education and Training40,8036,10
Social Action136,4026,20
SOCIAL SECTOR236,70104,10
Public Powers22,8010,40
Economy and Finance58.120,00
Overall Administration0.4-
Source: MFB/DIP-June 2008
Source: MFB/DIP-June 2008

A larger share of such foreign resources is earmarked to infrastructure work, i.e., 49%; and 25.5% of them are allocated to the social sector. Such expenditures in infrastructures involve mainly town work related to land management and transportation. The productive sector benefited from the 18% of such foreign financing and the remaining part of the disbursements is earmarked to the administration.

Such foreign resource earmarking corresponds to the order of priorities of the Madagascar Action Plan in order to support first the country development process depending on the improvement of its infrastructures, but also in order that the contest is favorable to sustainable development.

1.3. Situation of external payments

Compared to the performance in 2007, export revenues raised by 11%. Nevertheless, the rate of coverage of imports by exports which is about 42%, i.e 15points lower than the figures, one year ago.

Indeed, Madagascar trade exchanges with abroad resulted in a deficit trade balance of some SDR 564.5 Million (about Ariary 1,472 Billion) in which export revenues are estimated at SDR 414.3Million and import ones at SDR 978.7 Million. The balance status therefore deteriorated compared with the performance in the same period of last year in which the trade balance underwent a deficit of SDR 279 Million.

Over this first semester, the Foreign Direct Investment Flow played a predominant role in the status of the balance of payments which, despite a current balance marked by some deficit of SDR 133.8 Million in 2007) remains positive. Such flows increased by over 100% compared with the performance as of the first semester of 2007.

Consequently, the balance of payments highlighted an overall balance of some SDR 11.9 Million. But there should also be noted the influence, on such balance, of the increase in the withdrawals made as of the first semester; such withdrawals have increased by 100% compared with the situation in the same period in 2007. Our currency reserves in import months are estimated at 2.3 versus an achieved 3 Months in the first semester of 2007.



Indicator Name20062007200820122015Definition of IndicatorsPeriodicityVerification SourceObservations
ObjectiveAchievement 1st semesterSNISE ObjectiveMDG Objective
Crime Rate lower than or equal to 3.8 for 100041,8<3,80,752,6Actually observed NumberAnnualMDN/SESI
Number of achieved urban security operations177023540537 17535 759SESI
Number of achieved marches maneuvers126MDN/SESI
Implantation of at least seven (07) new Commissioner Offices for Districts having none949710499Actually observed NumberSESI
Number of implanted DAS4MDN
Number of Set up Outreach Posts and Special Intrevention Groups4MDN
Number of achieved rural security operations30026MDN
Number of achieved general police rounds3000300037503432SESI
Number ogf units established (special intervention force)1 pour les 3 corpsMDN
Number of cleaned and secured trade circuits31364354053717531035SESI
Number of red classified Districts that have been cleaned12ramené de 51á3613461Actually observed NumberAnnualMDN/SESI
Number of established KIZO Guards610MDN
Number of achieved general police rounds (TPG)3000613MDN
Number of gendarmerie units that have been set up and in line with the new territory distribution157MDN
Rate of increased effectiveness among Forces of Order in repressing cattle thefts103084,660Actually observed Number brought to 100AnnualMDN/SESI
Number of regional Dina homologated compared with the number of dina sumitted to tribunalsMDN/SESI
Number of homologated dina that have been established3717Actually observed NumberAnnualMDN/SESI
Number ofset up village based self defence entities (Mobile Groups, Kalony,…)MDN/SESI
Number of Districts having the Social Security Plan3 Régions5 Régions et 29 Districts22 RégionsMDN/SESI
Coverage Rate of the Exclusive Economic Zone (ZEE)182040Covered surface area over tota surface areaAnnualMDN/SESI
Number of flight hours made in the surveillance of air, land, and sea space330 h de vol, 150 jours de sortie en mer54 h de vol, 21 jours de sortie en mer et 25h25mn de sortie en vedetteMDN
World Bank Rule of Law Indicator (Base 100)4860AnnualWorld Bank
Average time limit for processing files: simple penal cases (day)120On average the case processing timelimitAnnualMINJUS
Average time limit for processing files: complex penal cases450180On average the case processing timelimitAnnualMINJUS
Ratio Convicted / alleged culprit in prisons51/4953/47Indicator of results that determines disbursement of variable tranches/EU
Corruption Perception Index by Transparency International (base 10)3,23,45AnnualBIANCOInformation collection underway
National Index on Integrity of actors in the National Integrity System2,83hausse de 0,5 point
National Anti corruption Perception Index among Households;-perception by Public agents and the Private Sector (CSI)2,5hausse de 0,5 point3,5AnnualCSI
Percentage of cases processed by BIANCO that are transmitted to jurisdiction (%)383355PercentageAnnualBIANCO
Percentage of procurements in the 5 pilot ministries Health, Education, Transports, Public Works and Agriculture) which are assessed as complying to procedures of the new regulatory and legal framework (%)28,150%15%Ratio between the number of compliant contracts and the total number of contracts that have been signed in these 5AnnualARMP
Tax Pressure rate (%) as a percentage of GDP11,411,612,015,0AnnualMFBIndicator of results that determines disbursement of variable tranches/EU
PEFA (Public Expenditures and Finance Accountability):Discussion underway: MFB and World Bank
Number of PEFA indicators with B scoring and above (overall category)3111-Tous les 2 ansWorld Bank
Number of PEFA indicators on budget preparation and execution sur la préparation et exécution du budget (indicators 1 to 7) with B scoring and above category (budget preparation and execution)42-Tous les 2 ansWorld Bank
OR Number of PEFA indicators on budget monitoring (indicators 22 to 25) with scoring higher than or equal to B (budget monitoring category)21-Tous les 2 ansWorld Bank
OR Number of PEFA indicators on internal and external control mechanism (indicators 20, 21, 26 to 28) with scoring higher than B (internal and external controls)0-Tous les 2 ansWorld Bank
FDL established and operational (PGE)mis en placeAnnualMInterand Decentraliza tion
Indicator Name20062007200820122015Definition of IndicatorsPeriodicityVerification SourceObservations
ObjectiveAchievement 1st semesterSNISE ObjectiveMDG Objective
Percentage of RN road networks that have been tarred: en bon état (%)48614891Condition of tarred National Roads (good, medium, poor condition) according to combined circulability and transit criterion. Circulability: permanence of their accessibility in month number/ 12 Transit: average speed for covering the distance per category of motor vehicle Total length of tarred RN: 5713 km in 2007 and 7837 km in 2012semester baseMTPMandCTD Activity Reports
in medium condition (%)4130417semester baseMTPMand CTD Activity Reports
Percentage of RN dirt road networks: in good condition (%)10101156Condition of dirt RN good, medium, poor condition) according to combined circulability and transit criterion. Circulability: permanence of their accessibility in month number / 12 Transit: average speed for covering the distance per category of motor vehicle total length of dirt RN: 6 033 Km in 2007 and 3 909 Km in 2012semester baseMTPMandCTD Activity Reports
in medium condition (%)19191921semester baseMTPMandCTD Activity Reports
Rate of communes that have beend removed from isolation and that are accessible by road all year long40455364AnnualReport and basic survey on road data
Access rate of households to electrivity: urbain (%)455076Number of households in urban areas having access to electricity out of total number of households: JIRAMA provides electrification, but it is up to consumers to undertake private connection or not from a network put at their disposal, which makes it difficult to appraise the electrification rate, which is not taken into consideration by MEM The urban area definition is done according to the classification byAnnualStatistics, Observation
rural (%)55,210AnnualStatistics, Observation
Number of new conncetions to JIRAMA1500200Number of new JIRAMA connectionssemester based
Number of localities that have been3515Number of electrified localitiessemester based
fixed and mobile phone penetration rate6,312,219,7016,7032,89Number of subscribers in (fixed and mobile telephony) out of total population number. Expresses coverage in telephony and Internet in terms of usersAnnualMPTC/OMERT Activity ReportMDG
Number of subscribers to portable phone for 100,000 inhabitants)Total Number of subscribers to portable phone / Total Population Number* 100 000semester basedMPTC/OMEMPTC/OMERT Activity Report
Number of phone lines for 100,000 inhabitants)Total Number of telephone lines/Total number of population* 100 000semester basedMPTC/OMEMPTC/OMERT Activity Report
Rate of population permanently having access to drinking water at national level (%)384565Number of people serviced in drinking water /Total populationAnnualDirectory of Sector/MEM/EPM-INSTAT activity Report - MDG ReportMDG
urban (%)64,257,37895Number of population serviced in urban areas /Total population numberAnnual
rural (%)31,63657Number of population serviced in urban areas /Total population numberAnnual
Number de nouveaux branchements JIRAMA1000342394 400Number of new connections to JIRAMA
Number of water points in rural areas (water points that have been set up in off JIRAMA areas)120035641200Total number of water points implanted in off JIRAMA areas
Rate of population permanently having access to hygiene infrastrucures at national level (%)525971Ratio between number of people having access to latrines out of the total population numberAnnualDirectory of Sector/MEM/EPM-INSTAT activity Report - MDG ReportMDG
urban (%)778287AnnualDirectory of
rural (%)454666AnnualSector/MEM/EPM-
Number of latrines and sanitary facilities that have been built7 0009381 925 382Cumulative number of latrines and sanitation facilities built within a year, i.e.; a cumulative total of 705,92 new latrines and sanitation facilities built over the 2007 to 2012 periodAnnualActivity Report /Database: MEM/DGEA, MINSAN, MENRS, MFB, CTD, STD, Private Sector
Priority Indicator Name20062007200820122015Definition of IndicatorsPeriodicityVerification SourcesObservations
ObjectiveAchievement 1st semester 2008SNISE ObjectiveMDG Objective OMD
Pre school Coverage Rate (%)7787,420Total number of pre school divided by the population aged 3 to 5AnnualSchool annual census; INSTAT-MEN; DPEFA/MEN Statistic Service
Number of Operational Public and Community based Pre school Centers195300222Total number of pre school divided by the population aged 3 to 5AnnualDEFP/MEN annual activity report
Number of newly established Pre school Centers??71165Total number of pre school divided by the population aged 3 to 5AnnualDEFP/MEN annual activity report
Number of developed an validated law texts governing pre school21 achieved and 1 underwayTotal number of pre school divided by the population aged 3 to 5AnnualDEFP/MEN annual activity report
Number of trained Preschool Educationalists2228030050 trained and the remaining ones underway3,152Total number of pre school divided by the population aged 3 to 5AnnualDEFP/MEN annual activity report
Number of Subsidized Pre school Centers300Studies achieved Execution underwayTotal number of pre school divided by the population aged 3 to 5AnnualDEFP/MEN annual activity report
Number of pre school Centers equipped with Collective Didactic Furniture and Materials300Studies achieved Execution underwayTotal number of pre school divided by the population aged 3 to 5AnnualDEFP/MEN annual activity report
Sensitization6 sensitization campaigns
Gross Enrolment Rate in Primary Education (%)121122122124Ratio between the number of enrolled pupils and the population aged 6 to 10AnnualMEN, INSTAT Statistic Setrvice, MEN statistic directory/Indicator of results determining the release of variable tranches/EUMDG
Net Enrolment Rate (%)8384868698100
Number of built/ rehabilitated classrrooms2617 classrooms built / rehabilitatedTotal number of classrooms built in primary schoolAnnualAnnual Activity Report for the Service of Constructions and inputs/DGEFA
Number of newly recruited FRAM teachers1522Total number of FRAM teachers who have beenAnnualDRH annual Activity Report
Number of new entrants in CP1 equipped with school kits994950900941,318Total kits distributedAnnualAnnual Activity Report for the Service of Constructions and inputs/DGEFA
Number of primary schools benefiting from school canteens200272Total Number of Primary Schools benefiting from school canteensAnnualDEFP annual activity report
Number of FRAM teachers who have been trained15,000underwayTotal number of FRAM reachers who have beenAnnualINPF annual Activity Report
Enrolment rate in lower secondary schools (gross) in %333436Ratio between the total number of pupils and the population aged 11 to 14AnnualDFPT
Number of classrooms built /rehabilitated in lower secondary schools400152 classrooms built/rehabilitatedTotal number of classrooms built in lower secondary schoolsAnnualAnnual Activity Report for the Service of Constructions and inputs/DGEFA
Number of teachers of lower secondary schools who have been trained1,500underwayTotal number of teachers in lower secondary schools whoAnnualINPF annual Activity Report
Enrolment rate in Lycées (gross) in %10,51111.6Ratio between the total number of pupils and the population aged 15 to 17AnnualMEN Statistic Service, Annual activity report
Number de built/rehabilitated classrooms in Lycées20067 built 62 underwayTotal number of classrooms built in LycéesAnnualME, INSTAT Statistic Service, DES Annual activity report
Number of teachers trained200120tutal number of teachers in lycées who have beenAnnualMEN Statistic Service, DFPT Annual activity report
Achievement Rate in 5 year Primary Education (%)5754.36785100Ratio between the number of non repeater pupils in CM2 and the population aged 10.AnnualMEN, INSTAT Statistic Services, MEN statistic directory/Indicator of results determining the release of variable tranches/UEMDG
Number of children who are out of School and/or have specific needs and who are integrated in the formal sector1AnnualDEFP annual activity report
Number of teachers trained in Inclusive Education760AnnualDEFP annual activity report
Number of classrooms built in the fokontany having no school250AnnualAnnual Activity Report for the Service of Constructions and inputs/DGEFA
Number of classrooms built in incomplete cycle schools750AnnualAnnual Activity Report for the Service of Constructions and inputs/DGEFA
Number of newly recruited FRAM teachers2AnnualDRH annual activity report
Number of schools equipped with School Funds23Total number of schools equipped with school fundsAnnualDEFP annual activity report
Number of new entrants in CP1 equipped with school kits950Total kits distributedAnnualAnnual Activity Report for the Service of Constructions and inputs/DGEFA
Number of educational inputs distributed1,201,6003,705,0094,166,3003,500,000Total educational inputs that have been distributedAnnualAnnual Activity Report for the Service of Constructions and inputs/DGEFA
Number of FRAM teachers who have been subsidized233429Total number of FRAM teachers who have beenAnnualDRH annual activity report
Number of primary schools equipped with Local Competitive Funds??5?AnnualDEFP annual activity report
Number of Primary Schools organizing Remedial Sessions400AnnualDEFP annual activity report
in Lower Secondary Schools (%)20,72426Ratio between the total number of non repeater pupils in “classe de 3 éme” and the population aged 14AnnualMEN, INSTAT Statistic Services
Lycées (%) between the total number of non repeater pupils in “classe Terminale” and the population aged 17AnnualMEN, INSTAT Statistic Services
Percentage of repeaters in Primary School19,717.5?19,7Ratio between the total number of repeaters and the total number of pupilsAnnualMEN Statistic Services
Rate of Number Increase in Lower Secondary Schools??Ratio between the increase in number between 2007 and 2008 and the 2007 numberAnnualMEN Statistic Services
Number of classrooms built??AnnualAnnual Activity Report for the Service of Constructions and inputs/DGEFA
Percentage of pupils in Private Schools??Ratio between the number of pupils in private schools and the total number of pupilsAnnualONEP annual activity report
Number of Subsidized Private Lower??AnnualONEP annual activity report
Number of Program Contracts??AnnualONEP annual activity report
Lower secondary Schools???11.8Ratio between the total number of repeaters and the total number of pupilsAnnualMEN Statistics services
Number of General Education Lower Secondary Schools that have been established???AnnualMEN Statistic services, DES annual activity report
Number of classrooms that have been built???AnnualMEN Statistic Services, DES annual activity report
Number of private establishments that have been sunsidized???AnnualMEN Statistic Services, DES annual activity report
Percentage of pupils in Private Schools???Ratio between the number of pupils in private schools and the total number of pupilsAnnualMEN Statistic Services, DES annual activity report
Percentage of repeaters???Ratio between the total number of repeaters and the total number of pupilsAnnualMEN Statistic Services, DES annual activity report
Strategic Plan for secondary Education Reform has been finalized???AnnualMEN Statistic Services, DES annual activity report
Number Of ITC Centers that have been secured and equipped at the level of lycées???AnnualDTIC annual activity report
Number of Learners for 100,000 inhabitants in Vocational and Technical Education???Ratio between the tital bumber of learners and the total population x 100 000AnnualMEN, INSTAT statistic Services
Number of Teachers trained in vocational and Technical Training200underwayAnnual
Number of students for 100,000 inhabitants in Higher Education286292323350Total number of students in higher education *100,000 ihhabitants / Total number of inhabitantsAnnualAnnual syrvey of hihger education. Department in charge: Schooling Service and DGESR
Number of Higher Education graduated over a year7Total number of students in higher education who have graduatedAnnual
Number of people enrolled in literacy programs14,3512312219Total number of learners enrolled in literacy programsAnnualDALPHA annual reportMDG
Institutional literacy mechanism has been established3Decrees and Orders that define the roles of the various actors, the quality standards for conducting literacy, business classification, the management mechanism for a support funds …AnnualIn charge: DALPHA. Recourse to national consultants.
Strategy Document for Scaling up adult and youth Literacy1Draft developedDocument defining the national strategy for scaling up literacyAnnualResponsible: DALPHA.
Number of literacy programs developed for under 15 children1AnnualAnnual Report DALPHA
Budget for Education compared with total budget (%)17.422.7Budget share allocated to Education compared with total budgetAnnualResult Indicator determining the disbursement of variable tranches /EU
Commitment Rate compared with budget allocated to sector (%)52.5AnnualResult Indicator determining the disbursement of variable tranches /EU
Indicator Name20062007200820122015Definitions of indicatorsPeriodicityVerification SourceObservations
ObjectiveAchievement 1st semesterObjective SNISEObjective OMD
Percentage of secured surface area (%)13156ha8 403ha soit 64%*qyarterlyMAEP
Set up and operational Land tenure shops26043
Number of land certificates issued11003500725003937
Number of land titles established500 000512 26540 0005674
Number of Local Land Occupation Plans (PLOF) that have been developed25892
Financing institution penetration rate (%)8%9%10%925%14%(Number of Finance institutions (IF)/Micro finance institutions (IMF) that have been installed in the area / total IF /IMF number in the area) X100AnnualMAEP
Nb of new funds established
Rice Output (tons/ha)2,782,8Récolte en cours6Production (in ha) / Surface area (in ha)AnnualMAEP
Rice production (Tons)3 640 0004070 0005 000 000Récolte en cours10 500 000Total quantity of rice producedQuarterlyMAEP
Number of cattle head9 200 0009650 000nd12 000 000Cattle: aggreagte details of agriculture farming produced every yearAnnualMAEP
Keeping at 80% otr rate of vaccination of bovine cattle80%42%
Annual fishing resource production (Tones)105 000116 750150 00043 877227 000Resources derived from botj sea and continental fishing produced every year
Indicator Name20062007200820122015Definitions of indicatorsPeriodicityVerification SourceObservations
ObjectiveAchievement 1st semesterObjective SNISEObjective OMD
Rate of Use of outpatient consultations at CSB38,842,3051%30,30%70Percentage of new cases compared with total populationMonthlyBasic Health Center (CSB) Monthly activity report
Number of CSB built674037 built 13 rehabilitated, the remaining part is under wayNumber of CSB builtMonthlyMINSANPFPS Activity ReportFID, STATE
Number of CSB equipped964020Number of CSB equippedMonthlyMINSANPFPS Activity Report
Incidence rate of malaria at the level of CSBs17,67%5%6%1%Number of malaria cases times 100/total populationMonthlyMonthly Acctivity Report (RM A) of CSB
Malaria mortality rate in hospital ebvironment17,50%13,90%13%8,85%9%Number of malaria related mortality times 100 number of death casesMonthlyRMA of Hospital centers
Tuberculosis incidence rate for 100,000 inhabitants)98%98%98%90%90%Proportion of new tuberculosis casesOMD/SNISE
Rate of curing baciliferous tuberculosis78%80%82%80%90%Number of sick people who were cured after 8 treatment months times 100 compared with sick people underAnnualMINSANPFPS Activity ReportYear n-1 Indicator of results determining the release of variable tranches/EU
Number of people sick with tuberculosis motivated by subsidies25OO1509960
HIV prevalence among pregnant women
Rate of involvement in decentralization of responseSE/CNLS
Rate of use of condoms for young people aged 15 to 2417500 0006 349 044SE/CNLS
Percentage of people under ARV treatment who are alive 12 months after the beginning of ARV intake (PGE)90%95%14/26 PVVIHNumber of people under ARV treatment who are alive 12 months times 100 /Total number under ARV after the beginning of ARV intakeMonthlyMINSANPFPS Activity Report
Synthetic Fecundity index5,2 (2003 /2004)3Every 5 yearsEDS
Contraceptive coverage rate12%18%19%17,14%25%Percentage of regular users compared with reproduction age women (15 to 49 years old =23 % of population)MonthlyRMA of CSB and CHD
Infantile and juvenile mortality rate (under 5 for 1,000)94 (2003 /2004)4760Proportion of children who die before their 5th birthdayEvery 5 yearsEDS
Infantile and juvenile mortality rate (under 1 for 1,000)58 (2003 /2004)3535Propotion of children who die before they are 1 year oldEvery 5 yearsEDS
Infantile mortality rate (1 to 5) for 1,000Indicator of results determining the release of variable tranches/EU
Infantile-juvenile. Infantile mortality rate:
Percentage of communes having IMCI community based sites in priority areas5%50%11%Number of communes having IMCI community based sitesMonthlyMINSANPFPS Activity Report
Number of districts which introduced Zinc/SRO for diarrhea management (PGE)125533Number of districts which have introduced Zinc/SRO for the management of diarrheaMonthlyMINSANPFPS Activity Report
Immunization coverage rate in DTCHep B3 (among less than 1 year old children)95,380,00%85,00%59,50%1proportion of children who have received all 3 doses of the DTCHépB vaccineMonthlyRMA of CSB and CHDIndicator of results determining the release of variable tranches/EU
BCG coverage rate95,20%96%97%70,00%100%
anti measles coverage rate83,80%85%90%67%100%
Neo natal mortality rate for 1,000 living births32 (2003-2004)17Mortality rate of less than 28 day newly born for 1,000 live birthsEvery 5 yearsEDS
Proportion of maternal deaths at the level of CSB and CHDmoins de 1 %0,15%CHD and CSB
Maternal/ Neo natal portality rate:
Rate of assisted delivery in CSB and CHD (%) ou29,5027,218,5%50Percentage of deliveries which take place in public health centers compared with expected pregnanciesAnnualMINSANPFPS
CPN Coverage rate68%71%74%53,3%71%Number of women in prenatalconsultations * 100/Number of reproductive age womenAnnualMINSANPFPS
Number of hospital centers equipped with laparo-caesarian e kit53 CHRR et 2 CHD2 dotés de kit laparo-césarienneCentral
Number of national SSME campaigns221Number of national SSME campaignsMINSANPFPS Activity ReportPlanned in April and October
Rate of weight deficit:
Proportion of children with weight deficit who have been in outpatient consultations of CSB (%)15,616,414,414,414Number of children with weight deficit in CSB outpatient consultationsMonthlyMINSANPFPS/ONN Activity Report
Proportion of children with weight deficit at community based sites (%)38252228Monthly
Share of Health Budget compared with the total budget (%)7,58,4099
Rate of commitment compared with the budget allocated to the sector (%)
Running (%)9036,13Central, Regions, and Districts
Investment (%)9012,82Central and Regions
Indicators20062007200820122015Definition of indicatorsPeriodicityVerification sourceObservations
Objective1st semester achievements or review of forecastsNIMES objectiveMDG objective
Economic growth rate (%)4,66,37,37,110,0AnnualMECI-IResult indicator
GDP per capita (USD)288375466512647-INSTAT/MFBdetermining the freeing
Inflation rate (CIP average)10,810,389,45-of the variable
Budget deficit (as % of GDP)4,32,84,94,40,37-AnnualMECI-DEEM
Fiscal pressure rate (%)10,711,411,61215AnnualM FB (revue trimestrielle dépenses publiques)Result indicator determining the freeing of the variable tranches/EU
Number of Approved Management Centers set up and operational--66PunctualMFB
Number of new tax payers identified--32 5001933
Number of Regional Services for Enterprises applying the wire transfer payment procedure--62
Number of electronic exchange platforms TRADENET implemented in customs office operating with SYDONIA ++--63
Overall budget implementation (commitment %)--75 à 80%36,9QuarterlyMFB(quarterly review of public expenditures)Result indicator determining the freeing of the variable tranches/EU
Total revenues (including grants) (in billion ariary) (cash basis)--2 269,2 (LFR)1 111,7 (May 2008)QuarterlyMFB/BCM
Total expenditures (in billion ariary) (cash basis)--3 422,4 (LFR)1 094,8 (May 2008)QuarterlyMFB/BCM
Ranking in the Doing Business Report149/175149/175-149/17880From Doing Business in MadagascarAnnualEnquête Doing Business BCM
Number of cooperatives revitalized--5029PunctualMECI-DPPE
Number of CERDIC set up101PunctualMECI-DPPE
Number of CERAM set up--66MECI-DPA
Number of Chambers of Trade revitalized--0
Number of new CCI set up--110MECI-STEP
Investment rate (%)23,228,3-35,530-annualMECI-DEEM
Public investment rate (% of GDP)10,27,6-9,712,6-
Private investment rate (% of GDP)1320,7-25,717,4
Flow of FDIs (in million SDR)150,5652,1439441,5259-BCM
Number of agreements signed as part of investment promotion--53APPI negotiated and awaiting official signingPunctualMECI-DADIPGE
FDIs reception structures set up at regional level--33PunctualEDBM
EDBM’s new headquarters completed-11
EDBM’s focal points established in Ministries and Embassies--OuiOui
Quarterly meetings between Government and private sector held--43QuarterlyMECI-DPPE
Survey on business climante established-11PunctualEDBM
Number of judges trained on the law on investment--1212
Number of applications processed as part of facilitating investments--1200755
Number of regions benefiting from IEC as part of shifting to the formal sector--223
Number of dedicated investment zones identified and developed--11 identifiedMECI-DPPE
Number of international missions organized--53
LT credit granted to private sector (% of total credits)4,787,7287,1AnnualBCM
Microfinance’s penetration rate (%)7,67,6109,25AnnualMFB-DGT
Outsanding loans of MFI (million ariary)---70 093
Number of MFI members-500 000370 000MFB-DGT
Unemployment rate among youth 15 to 24 years---NAAnnualMFPTLS/Simula tion INSTAT
Unemployment rate among young men 15-24 in urban areas (ref NIMES)9,19,18,5NAAnnualMFPTLS / INSTAT
Unemployment rate among young women 15-24 in urban areas (ref NIMES)18,918,916,3
Sub-employment rate in rural areas (%)45,545,538,4
Sub-employment rate due to inadequate work supply (%)404037
Number of formal jobs created--50 0005 212PunctualMFPTLS
Number of Regional Committees for Monitoring Employment Promotion and Poverty Reduction created--112
Number of Employement information and Orientation Centers created in the 22 regions--510
Hard currency reserves (in months of imports)2,92,92,42,36-QuarterlyBCM
Trade balance (in million SDR)-372,3-655,1-1197-564,4
Balance of payments (in million SDR)159148,449-3,1
Exports (FOB) (in billion SDR)670808909414,3Monthly
Imports (FOB) (in billion SDR)10421 4632106978,7
Rate of coverage import/export (SADC) (%)12,3-16,878,95 (1 st quarter)32,85MonthlyMECI-INSTAT
ate of coverage import/export (COMESA) (%)23,7-26,122,0535,06
Rate of coverage import/export (COI) (%)89-98,0960,93131,78
SADC trade protocol implemented--100PunctualMECI-DRIIE
National, regional, and international trade events organized--28 foires
Renforcement de capacité dispensé aux Régions:les régionaux sur les accords commerciaux--2222PunctualMECI-DRIIE
Commercial information centers set up and operational--11Punctual
Number of Madagascar’s showcases operational abroad--2101 ambulatory mini showcasePunctualMAEPGE
Number of conventions, agreements, and protocols signed and/or ratified--30
Amounts of products from priority sectors shown during the show cases (annual 2008)--au moins 50%NA
Number of SMEs created-1 500693MECI-DADI
Logistic infrastructure to support exports (cold chain) established---NoPunctualMECI/EDBM
Single structure for international trade negotiations set up and operationa (National Council for International Trade)---No
One-stop shop for exports set up---No
Number of Quality Management Systems set up--150
Fund dedicated to exports set up---No
Number of crafts certified--7 0001 500MECI-DPA
Number of products labelled “Madagascar”--20
Number of standardized laboratories accredited--10MECI-DCQPC
Debt service as a percentage of goods and service exports5,921,72,51,6AnnualMFB-DDP/BCMMDG
Debt service (billions ariary) (end of May 2008)-13,9ND7,07
Cumulative number of directjobs created in tourism sector24500245002452440100Cumullative numberQuarterlyMEEFT
Revenues generated by the tourism sector (millions SDR)21123694,22370amount provided by Central bank based on the total amount of currencies exchanged by tourist during their staysQuarterlyMEEFT
Indicator Name20062007200820122015PeriodicityVerification SourceObservations
ObjectiveAchievement 1st semesterObjective SNISEObjective MDG
Surface area of established protected areas (in thousands of ha)4876.654,2266-SemesterMEEFTNew indicators adopted in SNISE
Amount of mobilized capital (in USD thousands)1833355450-SemesterMEEFT/PTF
Rate of reduction of burnt surface areas (%)3233350.2870-AnnualMEEFT
Percentage of surface areas covered with forests (%)22,6-----AnnualMEEFT
Reforested and rehabilitated surface areas (ha)36182535540-QuarterlyMEEFT
Percentage of curricula in primary, secondary, tertiary, and vocational education mainstreamingthe environmental dimension (%)-100 (primary) 90 (secondary) 25 (techn and voc) un module dans 06 universités22%13% of which: 8% (primary), 4% (lower secondary schools), 1% (lycée)90-SemesterMEEFT
Number of established forest control units44222223-AnnualMEEFT
Indicator Name20062007200820122015Definition of indicatorsPeriodicityVerification SourceObservations
ObjectiveAchievements 1st SemesterObjective SNISEObjective MDG
Number of saved national cultural heritages (material and immaterial)37Six (06)420AnnualActivity report/SECLPartners: National Committee
Cumulative percentage of regions that have been pre surveyed in Cultrual Heritage50%, i;e., eleven (11) RegionsPre survey for inventory and assessment (10% increase per year)Rapport d’activités/SECLfor heritage UNESCO International
available Database on heritagesAvailable database on heritages
Number of awarded national artistic prizes81
Number of supported art handicraft, art handicraft, and design creations10312 covered regions
Rate of national participation in elections
Leadership capacity building among members of civil society and public sector officials, and conduct monitoring thereofCentral: 5,275 people3,741 peopleNLIM
22 Regions22 Regions
119 districts18 Districts
1,546 Mayors1,546 Mayors
Develop leadership capacity building among citizens and conduct monitoring thereof10,941NLIM
Organize forums, colloquiums, conferences, and meetings for experience sharing and extend best practices23 television programs10NLIM
33 radio programs21
briadcasts in news10
Cumulative number of regions that are supported in the organization of events that are representative of their culture9110% increase per year
Number of produced advertals and documentaries44
Number of edited booklets77
Number of established and supervised cultural meetings22
Number of athletes participating in international contests78393776 athletes114 Athletes1358AnnualMission reports by delegations/MJS
Number of organized challenges (organization of selected collective sport contests)32
Number of organized cultural and language games41
Number of organized contests with prizes to best artists, sportspeople, partners31
Number of conventions signed between a region and aprivate company for participation in a major event11
Number of developed texts, of which: Three (03) standard statutes of Federations (Unisport, Omnisport, Affinitaire)32
Number of Statutes of high level athletes1
Rate of under 18 children and young people having no birth deed (%)31,22431% i.e., 130,363 people)AnnualCensus at level of fokontany/Ministr y of Interior
Rate of mayorships, administrative and geographical districts with computerized civil status (IR);100 i.e., 1,700), 34 Mayorships)
Number of monthly programs at RNM and at TVM11
Proportion of seats occupied by women in Parliament (%):-MINSAPFPSMDG
National Assembly7,9
Number of regions having operational women leader networks2211
Access of vulnerable groups to basic social services
Number of established child protection networks64
Number of supported OEV families (Orphans, Vulnerable children)300300
Safety Net
Number of temporary employments that have been created1, 350, 000 men day522,725 men day (ONN)


AFP DISBURSEMENT Status as of June 2008 10/10/08(en Millions USD)
Cr. No.IDProjectStarting DateClosing DateAllocated CreditDisbursed 2007Disbursed 2008Disbursed 2008Cumulative disbursement as of dec 2008Disbursement Rate
EducationPrimary Education 1164 0123/10/0311,659,460,160,070,050,070,000,100,000,000,000,000,000,000,459,9185,06
Agricultural - Livestock
BV LAC 1158 01 T18/09/028,708,020,080,070,120,060,090,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,428,4497,01
GSDM 1174 01 R18/09/025,763,930,000,000,100,070,080,030,000,000,020,000,000,000,304,2373,44
GAPCM 1167 01 T13/07/018,916,210,210,080,100,160,010,130,000,000,020,000,000,000,716,9277,67
BIODIVERSITE 1169 01 V12/10/001,821,460,000,050,000,000,000,150,000,000,000,000,000,000,201,6691,21
* closedSource: Dette Publique
* closedSource: Dette Publique
ADBA Disbursement Status as of May 2008 10/10/08(In USD Millions)
Cr. No.IDProjectStarting DateClosing DateAllocated CreditDisbursed 2007Disbursed 2008Disbursed 2008Cumulative disbursement as of Dec 2008Disbursement Rate
EducationSchool Reconstruction24/02/0031/12/081,000,320,000,000,000,000,110,020,000,000,000,000,000,000,130,4545,00
Support to General Education24/02/0031/12/088,002,030,000,020,060,130,340,380,000,000,000,000,000,000,932,9637,00
EnergyEnergy sector Development 3rd07/07/0531/12/096,500,150,000,030,000,000,000,050,000,000,000,000,000,000,080,23
Group Hydroel Plant Andek3,54
Inter Conn Electric Abe Ambositra22/11/0031/03/080,250,030,090,000,000,040,040,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,170,20
AEPA Ambalavao Manjakandriana28/08/0330/04/095,200,000,150,000,000,000,070,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,220,22
InfrastructureRehabilitation and Const RN 603/05/0114,0010,560,150,080,000,660,150,000,000,000,000,000,000,001,0411,60
Ambondromamy Port-Berge82,86
Road Sambaina Faratsiho Soav17/10/058,500,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,00
Rehabilitation and Const Bridge RN4-07/04/9431/12/087,003,500,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,003,50
* closedSource: MFB/DDP
* closedSource: MFB/DDP
World Bank Disbursement Status as of August 2008 08/10/08(In USD Millions)
Cr. No.IDProjectEffectClosingOrigin/Rev L/C AmountAmount/Dec 2007Disbursed 2008Amount Disbursend in 2008Actual AmountDisbursement Rate
Environments Rural Development
3524P051922Rural Development (PSDR)01/09/0107/06/0787,8277,531,460,001,620,430,250,880,000,000,000,000,000,004,6482,1793,57
H0870P074235Environment III (RE III)09/09/0401/12/0940,0024,811,110,120,000,420,001,140,000,000,000,000,000,002,7927,6069,00
MULTP074236Environment III (RE III)09/09/0401/12/099,005,570,000,060,080,000,000,100,000,000,000,000,000,000,245,81
Private Sector & Finance
3217.1P052186Microfinance 220/08/0730/06/095,550,000,920,000,030,060,000,360,000,000,000,000,000,001,371,3724,68
3567P0721602nd Priv.Sect.Dev.Pjct (PDSP II)02/11/0206/12/0623,8020,200,000,310,140,120,190,110,000,000,000,000,000,000,8721,0788,53
4101P083351Integrated Growth Poles28/09/0531/12/06129,8060,250,001,622,413,1717,302,800,000,000,000,000,000,0027,3087,5567,45
Infrastructure, Energy, Mining
4223P095240JI RAMA Redresment30/11/0630/04/0910,342,260,000,620,500,000,000,160,000,000,000,000,000,001,283,5434,24
3717P073689Rural Transport03/03/0330/06/1080,0061,011,420,160,000,000,270,000,000,000,000,000,000,001,8562,8678,58
3754.1P076245PGRM 203/09/0731/12/108,430,510,210,390,000,220,000,450,000,000,000,000,000,001,271,7821,12
3754P076245Mineral. Res.Gov.Project03/09/0309/12/0833,0030,381,300,220,000,000,650,030,000,000,000,000,000,002,2032,5898,73
Population & Ressources Humaines
3060.1P001568Nutrition II (SEECALINE)05/08/0431/12/0811,1511,150,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,0011,15100,00
3060.2P001568SEECALINE 220/02/0731/12/0810,820,360,510,780,000,200,070,230,000,000,000,000,000,001,792,1519,87
3302.0P051741CRESAN II25/08/0031/12/0727,3527,350,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,0027,35100,00
3302.1P051741M/car Sustainable Health System13/09/0531/12/0729,3429,010,030,300,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,3329,34
Development Project100,00
3498.1P055166FID IV 123/09/0430/06/0755,7551,170,360,200,130,700,520,830,000,000,000,000,000,002,7453,9196,70
3498.2P055166FID IV 204/12/0630/06/0819,8913,761,230,360,190,660,480,970,000,000,000,000,000,003,8917,6588,74
3829.0P074448Governance and Institutional02/03/0403/06/0931,0031,200,960,250,550,401,120,580,000,000,000,000,000,003,8635,06
Development Project (PGDI)113,10
3829.1P074448Governance and Institutional03/09/0730/06/095,311,060,360,000,200,310,290,500,000,000,000,000,000,001,662,72
Development Project (PGDI)51,22
IInd Poverty Reduction Support
4486CARP 550,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,00
* closedSource: Dette Publique
* closedSource: Dette Publique
CHINA Disbursement Status as of June 2008 29/07/08 (In USD Millions)
Cr. No.IDProjectStarting DateClosing DateAllocated CreditDisbursed 2007Disbursed 2008Disbursed 2008Cumulative disbursement as of Dec 2008Disbursement Rate
Construction 5 Star Hotel26/09/0750,000,0019,830,004,910,000,007,360,000,000,000,000,000,0032,1032,1064,20
* closedSource: Dette Publique
* closedSource: Dette Publique
CHINA Disbursement Status as of June 2008 29/07/08(In USD Millions)
Cr. No.IDProjectStarting DateClosing DateAllocated CreditDisbursed 2007Disbursed 2008Disbursed 2008Cumulative disbursement as of Dec 2008Disbursement Rate
Construction 5Star Hotel26/09/0750,000,0019,830,004,910,000,007,360,000,000,000,000,000,0032,1032,1064,20
* closedSource: Dette Publique
* closedSource: Dette Publique
Disbursement Status as of July 2008 FAD DONATION 10/10/08(In USD Millions)
Cr. No.ProjectStarting DateClosing DateAllocated CreditDisbursed 2007Disbursed 2008Disbursed 2008Cumulative disbursement as of Dec 2008Disbursement Rate
RoadRoad Project Prov. Tulear30/11/0431/12/102,800,240,000,240,000,010,070,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,320,5620,00
Budgetary Subsides
Strenght fine Istitution aim to13/01/0531/12/098,851,310,000,050,000,291,230,040,000,000,000,000,000,001,612,92
good Gov32,99
Agriculture - Livestock
Fight against locust08/05/0131/12/080,910,680,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,6874,73
EducationEducation III17/12/9830/06/080,740,040,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,045,41
Health II13/07/9931/12/081,141,060,000,070,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,071,1399,12
Supporting Fight against06/07/0630/12/109,062,200,000,000,000,050,030,600,000,000,000,000,000,000,682,8831,79
Communicable Diseases /AIDS0,754,01
Source: Dette Publique
Source: Dette Publique
Disbursement Status as of JULY 2008 FAD LOAN 10/10/08(In USD Millions)
Cr. No.ProjectStarting DateClosing DateAllocated CreditDisbursed 2007Disbursed 2008Disbursed 2008Cumulative disbursement as of Dec 2008Disbursement Rate
RN1 BIS Rehab20/10/0531/03/0813,8410,070,001,820,120,060,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,002,0012,0787,21
Recovery from Cyclone Disasters23/11/0631/12/073,081,860,000,900,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,902,76
Road Project Prov Tulear30/11/0431/12/1046,625,130,000,440,001,940,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,002,387,5116,11
Agriculture - LivestockFight against locust08/05/0131/12/088,535,990,000,000,000,100,420,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,526,5176,32
MANOMBO Project25/03/0831/12/1314,540,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,00
Lower Mangoky Rehabilitation17/12/9931/12/0814,8015,590,000,150,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,1515,74106,35
Aide Budgtaire
PARP 214/07/0830/06/1184,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,00
Education III17/12/9830/06/0823,683,100,001,140,000,150,310,300,000,000,000,000,000,001,905,0021,11
Health II13/07/9931/12/0818,4212,360,000,070,000,460,000,250,000,000,000,000,000,000,7813,1471,34
Lutte MST/SIDA06/07/0630/12/109,542,380,000,470,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,472,8529,87
AEPA Rural Area02/03/0631/12/0977,002,240,000,000,000,190,330,260,000,000,000,000,000,000,783,023,92
Fisher Community support02/03/0631/12/129,360,600,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,606,41
Source: Dette Publique
Source: Dette Publique
IFAD Disbursement Status as of May 2008 10/10/08(In USD Millions)
Cr. No.IDProjectStarting DateClosing DateAllocated CreditDisbursed 2007Disbursed 2008Disbursed 2008Cumulative disbursement as of Dec 2008Disbursement Rate
PPRR 621 MG22/02/0430/06/0714,003,920,160,180,080,370,030,170,000,000,000,000,000,000,994,9135,07
PROSPERER 737 MG18/12/0731/12/1518,290,000,000,000,000,001,010,000,000,000,000,000,000,001,010,00
PAD2M 689 MG15/05/0631/12/1413,110,740,080,000,690,030,100,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,901,6412,51
MANDRARE 2 548 MG31/01/0130/06/0813,5911,990,210,310,000,340,000,170,000,000,000,000,000,001,0313,0295,81
* closedSource: Dette Publique
* closedSource: Dette Publique
KUWEITI FUNDS Disbursement Status as of May 2008 10/10/08(in USD Millions)
Cr. No.IDProjetStarting DateClosing DateAllocated CreditDisbursed 2007Disbursed 2008Disbursed 2008Cumulative disbursement as of Dec 2008Disbursement Rate
Rehabilitation RN 631/12/0031/12/0812,039,880,000,540,000,000,000,030,000,000,000,000,000,000,5710,4586,87
* closedSource: Dette Publique
* closedSource: Dette Publique
OECO Disbursement Status as of June 2008 10/10/08(In USD Millions)
Cr. No.IDProjectStarting DateClosing DateAllocated CreditDisbursed 2007Disbursed 2008Disbursed 2008Cumulative disbursement as of Dec 2008Disbursement Rate
722 PPrimary and Secondary Education27/05/9831/03/0710,001,160,000,000,320,110,320,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,751,9119,10
Communicable Disease Control12/01/056,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,00
748 PEducation Improvement30/10/9931/03/0710,002,070,120,000,310,090,270,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,792,8628,60
792 PLower Mangoky Rehabilitation08/06/0031/12/088,022,500,000,020,000,100,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,122,6232,67
970 PPPRR12/05/0431/12/127,700,980,000,000,000,060,250,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,311,2916,75
Andekaleka Control Hydroelectric21/12/0531/03/106,500,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,00
Rehabilitation of Roads Prov Tulear21/12/0531/12/097,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,00
* closedSource: Dette Publique
* closedSource: Dette Publique
Portfolio Status for SCAC Financed Projects(in Euros)
Cr. No.TypeProject TitleStarting DateClosing DateProject AmountOld Payments2008 PaymentsCumulative PaymentsBalance to be paid
2001003800ETATTourism Sector510 712,00492 240,510,00492 240,5118 471,49
2001007200ETATResearch in Agronomy and in Environment570 000,00540 594,5325 529,20566 123,733 876,27
2001009800ETATFSD V1 120 500,001 059 689,7833 724,831 093 414,6127 085,39
2002002100ETATSupport to Sports and Youth Initiatives456 000,00455 003,44801,50455 804,94195,06
2002004800ETATPAISE580 000,00577 507,730,00577 507,732 492,27
2002007000MOBSIST111 600,0067 907,829 168,5977 076,4134 523,59
2002008800ETATART MADA475 261,00471 164,201 959,14473 123,342 137,66
2002009600ETATsupport to Bilingualism1 350 000,001 175 338,91145 380,031 320 718,9429 281,06
2002010900ETATNatural Resource Management767 000,00720 310,830,00720 310,8346 689,17
2003000600MOBSupport to ZZSP Artistic Expressions15 000,0015 000,000,0015 000,000,00
2003004900ETATPRISMM - Support to Mining Sector1 260 000,001 137 273,9651 982,211 189 256,1770 743,83
2003006700MOBRegionalization and Harmonization of the Epidemiosurveillance Networks83 940,4166 110,001 665,8467 775,8416 164,57
2004001700ETATPARAF570 000,00203 563,7271 606,68275 170,40294 829,60
2004005500ETATAirport Security1 160 000,00457 235,42209 689,03666 924,45493 075,55
2004005600MOBAudiovisual Heritage and Cultural Diversity155 000,0057 956,6243 895,54101 852,1653 147,84
2005001800ETATASPIC1 259 000,00476 989,73126 680,92603 670,65655 329,35
2001002200MOBCORUS99 745,4398 892,550,0098 892,55852,88
2002011100MOBWritten Medium and Documentary Access in ZSP Countries12 500,0012 466,400,0012 466,4033,60
2005008200MOBCo development Program300 000,0034 198,000,0034 198,00265 802,00
2006005000ETATConsolidating the Rule of Law1 660 000,00252 203,39138 974,38391 177,771 268 822,23
2006002500ETATFSD VI1 100 000,00206 947,2031 543,00238 490,20861 509,80
2007000100ETATMADES1 875 460,000,0061 943,4761 943,471 813 516,53
TOTALS15 491 718,848 578 594,74954 544,369 533 139,105 958 579,74
Source: SCAC dated 08/07/2008
Source: SCAC dated 08/07/2008
European Union Disbursement Situation as of June 2008(in Euros)
Cr. No.ProjectOpening DateClosing DateAllocated CreditDisburse d 2007Décais. 2008Disburse d 2008
9 ACP MAG 006-9 ACP MAG022Consolidation of Democratization Process (Phase II)85 054,28
9ACP MAG 007Technical Cooperation Facility131 956,87
9ACPMAG010Program of Support to Communes and rural Organizations for the Development of the South (ACORDS)2 194 207,74
UNICECAM DP4Microfinance Promotion and Development1 147 452,62
9 ACP MAG 013Training, Development Management Support Program (FORMEGD)119 965,88
9ACP MAG 025Strengthening the Office supporting the National Official in charge of Ordering Payments (ex-PARP)412 038,46
9ACP MAG008Program of support to Poverty Reduction HEALTH2 953,85
9ACPMAG014Community support in the area of Good Governance1 069 940,38
PS n° O6/2006 “Support to FNDPC” STABEX, PS NO5/2006 Support to Sape Negotiation Process. Studies on taxation of investments (9 ACP MAG 007)Support to MICDSP21 976,44
CONTRACT TRANSTEC PSN° 01/2007 CTHT-PS N° 02/2006 CNCC-AT CTHT, CSA Banane, SOFRECO, ITAL TRENDReboosting Agricultural Exports234 345,88
8ACP MAG 046Developing Livestock in the south West303 336,83
8ACP MAG 037-9ACP019Environmental Program Phase III (PE III)687 774,31
9ACP MAG 004-9ACP MAG011RN 6 Rehabilitation14 105 672,91
8ACP MAG 30-9ACP MAG-015Cyclone Damage and Programs for Rehabilitating Road and road Maintenance Infrastructures250 774,04
8ACP MAG 045Removing the Sambava/Antalaha Region and the Program of Community Support to Road Maintenance from Isolation84 678,21
Contract n°996-9ACP MAG 017Strengthening Metal Bridge RN 7-(RN 10-13-25) and Rehabilitation of RNs in the South East3 997 722,53
9ACP MAG 002Studies on National Roads in the South of Madagascar194 244,17
9ACP MAG 009National Program for Rehabilitating the Network in the south of Madagascar2 975 047,49
Contract n°1009 - Contract n° 1097Control of Bridge RN5 Nord and Sava - Work in Sainte Marie276 463,87
TOTAL28 295 606,76
Source: European Union
Source: European Union
USAID Disbursement Status as of the Second Quarter of 2008(in US$ Millions)
Cr. No.ProjectOpening DateClosing DateAllocated CreditDisbursed 2008Disbursed 2008
GovernaceProgram for Improving Governance in target Areas08/08/200330/09/099 359 707568 164,0
HealthProgram for Increased Use of Selected Health Services and Products, and Improved Practices26/08/0330/09/1369 610 952 (dont 14 895 000 de PL480titre II)12 094 924
EnvironmentProgram for Forest Ecosystems that are biologically diverse conserved08/08/200330/09/0936 592 5281 611 218
Source USAID
Source USAID

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