The IMF Country Reports Series covers economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with officials of the country, is published at the option of the member.
This paper describes the economic developments in Madagascar during the 1990s. In early 1994, the authorities prepared a medium-term policy statement with an outward orientation. Accordingly, a sweeping reform of the exchange and trade system was implemented in May 1994, including the floating of the Malagasy franc. However, financial policy was not sufficiently supportive: ad hoc tax exemptions were granted, particularly to foodstuffs and petroleum products, and other taxes were not fully collected. Thus, the fiscal deficit deteriorated, leading to a sharp acceleration in money creation and inflation, which rose to 61 percent by end-1994.