The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, including balance of payments, monetary and fiscal issues, global liquidity, and national and international economic developments.
It is well known that in a small open economy where there is perfect substitutability between domestic and foreign assets and costless portfolio adjustment, the monetary authorities cannot control the money supply, but can influence the balance of payments through the use of domestic credit. It has been argued that domestic credit is therefore the relevant variable in output determination as well. However, this paper demonstrates, using a “new classical” structural model, that under the conditions that render the money supply uncontrollable, neither money nor domestic credit affects output. If either has a significant effect in empirical tests, it implies that the assumption of perfect capital mobility is not satisfied.