The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, including balance of payments, monetary and fiscal issues, global liquidity, and national and international economic developments.
Exclusion restrictions used to identify demand and supply relationships for market financing among IDA recipients (past and present) show that poor credit ratings and high political instability adversely impact the supply of market finance. While the adverse effects of external debt on market access occur at very high levels for IDA-eligible countries, the sizeable debt relief provided in the context of the enhanced HIPC Initiative has significantly raised the likelihood of market access for these countries. For countries that have graduated from IDA financing, the length of country spells in IMF-supported programs raises the likelihood of market access, although this effect is absent for IDA-eligible countries.