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International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department, International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept., and International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.
A number of sovereign debt restructurings over the past three years faced significant delays but the cases are now moving forward. These delays slowed access of countries to much needed Fund financial support, and alongside creditors’ efforts the Fund had to find ways forward. With significant experience now gleaned from recent restructuring cases, it is important to extract the lessons for Fund policies from this episode. Delays in future Fund engagements need to be minimized where this can be done in a manner consistent with restoring the member to medium-term external viability and ensuring adequate safeguards for the Fund. Such delays can contribute to a deepening of debt distress, making adjustment more difficult, exacerbating the debt problem, and creating inefficiency costs for both the debtor and its creditors.
International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
La reprise économique de la CEMAC s’est accélérée en 2022 à la faveur de la hausse des prix des hydrocarbures. La position extérieure s’est renforcée et les réserves de change augmentent rapidement, quoique demeurant en deçà des niveaux adéquats. La récente baisse des réserves extérieures nécessite des mesures plus énergiques pour resserrer les conditions de liquidité, un respect plus strict de la réglementation des changes par les pays membres et un renforcement de la discipline budgétaire. Les positions budgétaires hors pétrole sous-jacentes se sont toutefois également détériorées. Il sera donc nécessaire d’accélérer les réformes structurelles, de corriger les dérapages budgétaires récents et de ramener les politiques publiques en ligne avec les objectifs des programmes appuyés par le FMI et les conseils des services du FMI. Ces actions seront nécessaires pour accroître la capacité de résistance de la région à la volatilité des prix des hydrocarbures, à l’instabilité financière, à l’inflation persistante, au resserrement des conditions financières, à l’insécurité alimentaire, aux conflits internes et à l’insécurité, ainsi qu’aux événements climatiques.
International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department
This note aims to provide guidance on the key principles and considerations underlying the design of Fund-supported programs. The note expands on the previous operational guidance notes on conditionality published over 2003-2014, incorporating lessons from the 2018-19 Review of Conditionality, and other recent key policy developments including the recommendation of the Management’s Implementation Plan in response to Independent Evaluation Office (IEO)’s report on growth and adjustment in IMF-supported programs. The note in particular highlights operational advice to (i) improve the realism of macroeconomic forecast in programs and fostering a more systematic analysis of contingency plans and risks; (ii) improve the focus, depth, implementation, and tailoring of structural conditions (SCs), with due consideration of growth effects; and (iii) help strengthen the ownership of country authorities. Designed as a comprehensive reference and primer on program design and conditionality in an accessible and transparent manner, the note refers in summary to a broad range of economic and policy considerations over the lifecycle of Fund-supported programs. As with all guidance notes, the relevant IMF Executive Board Decisions remain the primary legal authority on matters covered in this note.