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St. Kitts and Nevis: Staff Report for the 2000 Article IV Consultation

St. Kitts and Nevis: Staff Report for the 2000 Article IV Consultation »

Source: St. Kitts and Nevis : Staff Report for the 2000 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2001/9

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451821949

Keywords: deficit, debt, public sector, interest, budget

St. Kitts and Nevis is a small, open economy that is heavily dependent on tourism and other services, and some light manufacturing. The exchange rate peg to the U.S. dollar and strict limits on central government b...

St. Kitts and Nevis

St. Kitts and Nevis »

Source: St. Kitts and Nevis : Third Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement, Financing Assurances Review and Request for Waivers of Applicability-Staff Report and Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion

Volume/Issue: 2012/284

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 October 2012

ISBN: 9781475513097

Keywords: debt, interest, external debt, creditors

Economic activity is estimated to have softened below program expectations in January-March 2012, due to a continued contraction in the construction sector which dominated a relatively strong outturn in tourism. De...

Structural Reform and Growth

Structural Reform and Growth »

Source: Structural Reform and Growth : What Really Matters? Evidence from the Caribbean

Volume/Issue: 2016/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kevin Greenidge , Meredith McIntyre , and Hanlei Yun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2016

ISBN: 9781484321812

Keywords: Structural Reform, Institutional Quality, Small States

Since the 1980's with the introduction of IMF/WB adjustment programs structural reforms have been a core part of the reform agenda in the Caribbean. The paper reviewed the package of structural reforms in trade lib...

The Bahamas: Selected Issues

The Bahamas: Selected Issues »

Source: The Bahamas : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2018/119

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 May 2018

ISBN: 9781484355176

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Labor markets, External shocks, Risk management, Selected issues, Bahamas, The

This Selected Issues paper makes the case for a rules-based fiscal framework for The Bahamas and discusses its design, calibration, and implementation. The IMF staff recommends adopting a headline deficit ceiling a...

Regional Trade Agreements Versus Broad Liberalization

Regional Trade Agreements Versus Broad Liberalization »

Source: Regional Trade Agreements Versus Broad Liberalization : Which Path Leads to Faster Growth? Time-Series Evidence

Volume/Issue: 1998/40

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Athanasios Vamvakidis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1998

ISBN: 9781451845945

Keywords: Economic Growth of Open Economies, trade share, independent variables, statistics, international trade, free trade

Should a closed economy open its trade to all countries or limit itself to participation in regional trade agreements (RTAs)? Based on time-series evidence for a data set for 1950-92, this paper estimates and compa...

Will the Emergence of the Euro Affect World Commodity Prices?

Will the Emergence of the Euro Affect World Commodity Prices? »

Source: Will the Emergence of the Euro Affect World Commodity Prices?

Volume/Issue: 2000/208

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hong Liang , and John Cuddington

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2000

ISBN: 9781451874693

Keywords: volatility, exchange rate, exchange rates, exchange rate volatility

This study provides evidence that episodes of internal stability of exchange rates among the 11 Euro countries during 1957-98 were associated with periods of lower real commodity price volatility. These stabilizing...

Djibouti: Selected Issues

Djibouti: Selected Issues »

Source: Djibouti : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2004/74

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 March 2004

ISBN: 9781451810622

Keywords: commercial banks, financial system, financial intermediation, financial sector, exchange rate

The most important challenge faced by the Djibouti authorities is to achieve high rates of economic growth in order to create employment opportunities for a rapidly increasing labor force and to alleviate rising po...

Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad and Tobago »

Source: Trinidad and Tobago : 2006 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Staff Statement; and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion

Volume/Issue: 2007/10

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2007

ISBN: 9781451837698

Keywords: debt, central bank, deficit, public sector, interest

This 2006 Article IV Consultation highlights that economic developments in Trinidad and Tobago continue to be underpinned by a favorable international environment. Surging energy prices, the exploitation of new gas...

Vanuatu: Staff Report for the 2015 Article IV Consultation and Request for Disbursement Under the Rapid Credit Facility and Purchase Under the Rapid Financing Instrument

Vanuatu: Staff Report for the 2015 Article IV Consultation and Request for Disbursement Under the Rapid Credit Facility and Purchase Under the Rapid Financing Instrument »

Source: Vanuatu : Staff Report for the 2015 Article IV Consultation and Request for Disbursement Under the Rapid Credit Facility and Purchase Under the Rapid Financing Instrument

Volume/Issue: 2015/149

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 2015

ISBN: 9781513531021

Keywords: debt, instrument, monetary fund, natural disasters, disbursement

This 2015 Article IV Consultation highlights that Vanuatu's Real GDP is expected to decline by 2 percent in 2015 because of the cyclone damage to Vanuatu's main export sectors-tourism and agriculture-which will be...

How Persistent Are Shocks to World Commodity Prices?

How Persistent Are Shocks to World Commodity Prices? »

Source: How Persistent Are Shocks to World Commodity Prices?

Volume/Issue: 1999/80

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hong Liang , C. McDermott , and Paul Cashin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1999

ISBN: 9781451850284

Keywords: Commodity prices, median-unbiased estimation, shock persistence, price stabilization, time series, export earnings, confidence interval, confidence intervals

This paper examines the persistence of shocks to world commodity prices, using monthly IMF data on primary commodities between 1957–98. We find that shocks to commodity prices are typically long–lasti...