International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office
48. There are no straightforward metrics for assessing the effectiveness of the IMF’s involvement in tradepolicyissues. Three approaches are therefore taken in this evaluation. At the broadest level, and consonant with some of the academic literature, is there evidence that IMF involvement increased trade volumes? More modestly, was IMF advice, whether in surveillance or conditionality, implemented through lasting policy changes? And even more modestly, did IMF involvement get issues on the table or productively into the public debate?
49. Though subject