International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept
economy : A part of the reason for low knowledge base in South Asia is low education attainment in these countries. Taken as a group their low enrollment ratios at the secondary and tertiary levels, low average educational attainment among the adult population, extremely low percentage of professional and technical workers among the labor force combined with emigration of the highly skilled workers and low quality of mathematics and scienceeducation, pose serious obstacles to their transition to knowledge economy.
The concept of a national innovation system : The
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schools. Because of this, girls are more dependent than boys are on their parents’ ability and willingness to pay for their education in unaided schools, and they are also more dependent on the living standards of their communities, for it is communities which establish the unaided schools. The Government is making efforts both to improve education for girls, especially at the secondary level, and to educate families on the value of secondary education for girls, to stimulate increases in girls’ enrollment further.
Second, scienceeducation is weak. The Government is
Mr. Nadeem Ilahi, Mrs. Armine Khachatryan, William Lindquist, Ms. Nhu Nguyen, Ms. Faezeh Raei, and Jesmin Rahman
negatively associated with these exports, suggesting that cost competitiveness matters for ITC exports. Openness measured by the depth of trade agreements in significant is some specifications, but not when ULC are added to the regression.
We split the dataset into samples covering only Europe, advanced economies, and emerging market countries. Within Europe, the most important policy variables include broadband Internet penetration, the perceived quality of math and scienceeducation, political stability, ULC, and whether FDI rules are business friendly. The quality of