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Ridley Nelson

available in drier areas. Available economic options are reduced further by high transport and other costs that are a rational response to the low productivity of dryland areas. Also, a package of technologies that may be suitable in one year may turn out to be wrong the next under a different rainfall pattern. Under such variable climatic conditions even research itself becomes difficult because of the changing impact on experiments of differing rainfall patterns. It, therefore, becomes particularly important in drylands to offer alternatives in the form of a menu of

Amit Prakash

. “In the last two decades the rainfall pattern has changed and increased significantly,” says Phong Tran, a technical expert at the Institute for Social and Environmental Transition-International (ISET-International), which works with several Vietnamese cities to develop climate resilience. Dry spells Phong worries that rising sea levels, along with prolonged dry spells, will cause salinity intrusion and hurt agriculture in the fertile Mekong Delta, one of the world’s most densely populated areas. The delta is Vietnam’s food bowl, producing more than half of

International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
This Selected Issues paper discusses measures to enhance resilience to climate and natural disasters in Seychelles. Rising sea levels, changing rainfall patterns, increasingly intense and frequent tropical cyclones, and massive coral bleaching are compounding economic and social risks in Seychelles. A policy mix focused on combining adaptation and mitigation strategies is ideal for Seychelles. Such policies should not only be aligned with Seychelles’ Nationally Determined Contribution, but also with the technical and financial capacity of the government. Experience from other small states suggests that small policy changes can still have a significant impact. To the extent adaptation and mitigation measures are inadequate, insurance policies and innovative financial instruments need to be exploited further.
International Monetary Fund

results in the other sectors of economic activity has limited GDP growth to 2.6 percent. Inflation stood at 3.4 percent in 2011, driven by the increase of food and transport prices, in a context of rising global commodity prices. “An upturn in growth is anticipated in 2012, to 3.9 percent, notwithstanding a less favorable external environment. A recovery of agricultural production (assuming normal rainfall patterns) and public investment in infrastructure are expected to support growth. Inflation should remain moderate, at about 2.5 percent, in 2012. “There was a