Following the formal presentation, Andrew Crockett took questions from the audience.
GUILLERMO ORTIZ: Well, thank you very much, Andrew, for this very illuminating presentation. And thank you, Caroline, for joining us today. As you know, Caroline is the PresidentofthePerJacobssonFoundation, and she is the Director of External Relations at the Fund. And she has come all the way from Washington, mostly for this event. So thank you very much.
Well, this was really a tour de force. Given the very comprehensive nature of your lecture, I’m sure that it’s a
ANDREW CROCKETT: Well, good morning, everybody, and welcome to this year’s Per Jacobsson Lecture. My name is Andrew Crockett, and I am Chairman of the Per Jacobsson Foundation. On my right is Caroline Atkinson, who many of you will know is the Director of External Relations at the IMF but is also, and more importantly for this morning’s function, PresidentofthePerJacobssonFoundation.
I will introduce our speaker, Mohamed El-Erian, in just a moment, but I want to make a couple of announcements first, some of a housekeeping nature.
Good afternoon. Welcome to the new, unrecognizable HQ1 [headquarters building in Washington, DC]. For those of us who spend some time here, this is quite an experience, eh?
Let me first welcome the presidentofthePerJacobssonFoundation, David Lipton, the First Deputy Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund; and also Kate Langdon, the Vice President and Secretary of the Per Jacobsson Foundation.
By the way, my name is Guillermo Ortiz. I’m the Chairman of the Foundation. And one of the important roles of the Chairman of the Per Jacobsson
The choices we make in advance of the next financial crisis will have a major impact in determining the magnitude of the economic damage. Our vulnerability to crisis depends on the strength of the protections we build into the financial system through prudential regulation, as well as on the degrees of freedom we create for ourselves to respond to the unanticipated, and the knowledge and experience we bring in managing crises. Is the financial system safer today? With the reforms now in place and with the memory of the crisis still fresh, how confident should we feel about the resilience of the financial system and our ability to protect the US economy from a major financial crisis? Warburg Pincus President and former US Secretary of the Treasury Timothy Geithner attempts to answer these questions in his October 2016 Per Jacobsson Lecture.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
industrial countries would hold a reduced voting majority while the developing countries would hold a majority of chairs. The effective—and generous—collaboration of EU countries and their chairs in this endeavor would yield enormous benefits for the world community. And Europe itself would be a major beneficiary from an IMF that has regained legitimacy among all its members.
Leo Van Houtven
PresidentofthePerJacobssonFoundation and former IMF Secretary and Counsellor to the Managing Director
from 1978 to 1987 and thereafter, successively, as Governor of the Bank of France and President of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. The Board unanimously passed a vote of thanks for Mr. de Larosière’s services to the Foundation. Mr. Leo Van Houtven, former Secretary and Counsellor of the IMF, continues as PresidentofthePerJacobssonFoundation.
Mr. Crockett has been President of JPMorgan Chase International since 2003. After working at the Bank of England between 1966 and 1972, Mr. Crockett moved to the International Monetary Fund as a staff
, Occasional Paper No. 128 ( Washington : International Monetary Fund ).
Schadler , Susan , editor , 1995 , IMF Conditionality: Experience Under Stand-By and Extended Arrangements, Part II: Background Papers , Occasional Paper No. 129 ( Washington : International Monetary Fund ).
1 The author is the PresidentofthePerJacobssonFoundation. He was the Director of the Research Department from 1958 to 1979. This paper was prepared for the 10th Anniversary Congress of the Tinbergen Institute, on Empirical Models and Policy Making, Amsterdam, May 14
A model reflecting the monetary approach to the balance of payments was developed in the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in the 1950s. Its purpose was to integrate monetary, income, and balance of payments analysis, and it became the basis of the conditionality applied to IMF credits. Extremely simple, with primary focus on the balance of payments effects of credit creation by the banking system, the model has retained its usefulness for policy purposes over time, as it was adapted to changes in member countries’ priorities and in the international monetary system, in particular the disappearance of the par value system.