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Mr. Yongzhen Yu

developing domestic infrastructure and the interior of the country. Therefore, future developments in commodity prices also depend on prospects for the Chinese economy. Since joining the WTO in 2001, the Chinese economy has undergone a period of strong growth, with a rapid expansion in exports and investment which, in turn, has resulted in a strong demand for metals and mining commodities. China has become the largest consumer and producer of steel in the world, and its share of the world demand for other metals has also grown very rapidly over the past decade. This

Mr. Yongzhen Yu
Major mining commodity prices are inherently volatile and cyclical. High levels of investment in China have been a key driver in the strong world demand for minerals and metals over the past decade. The urbanization and industrialization of China has been an important factor behind the increase in domestic demand and high investment growth, while its export sector is also an important source of growth and plays a critical role as a catalyst. Activity in infrastructure, construction, real estate, and automobile manufacturing all contribute to the strong demand for minerals. Over the next five years, the Chinese demand is expected to remain strong, supported by investment and gradually rising consumption rates. However, in the second part of this decade economic growth in China could slow down. For Latin American countries, export receipts should remain strong over the next five years and beyond, given the continued strong demand from China.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
En "Las dos caras de la globalización financiera" se examina el fenómeno de los crecientes flujos financieros entre países, impulsores del crecimiento en los países en desarrollo, pero también responsables de las crisis que sufrieron los mercados emergentes a finales de los años ochenta y noventa. En el artículo principal se establece un marco analítico para los estudios sobre los costos y los beneficios de la globalización financiera. En otros artículos se examina la asignación mundial de capitales, la función de las finanzas en la gestión macroeconómica y los cambios en la base de inversiones. En "Bajo la lupa" se explica el crecimiento y el sentido de los flujos de capital. Un articulista invitado describe la liberalización de la cuenta de capital en India, y otro habla sobre cómo los participantes en el mercado de las finanzas pueden enfrentar el cambiante panorama financiero. En "Gente del mundo de la economía" se hace una semblanza de Guillermo Calvo; en "Vuelta a lo esencial" se explica la diferencia entre los tipos de cambio basados en la paridad del poder adquisitivo y los tipos de cambio basados en el mercado como indicadores del crecimiento económico mundial; y en "Panorama nacional" se sintetiza la situación de Australia.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

As one of the world’s leading exporters of mining commodities such as coal and iron ore, Australia has been adjusting its macroeconomic policies to the recent large rise in international commodity prices .

International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
The Two Faces of Financial Globalization looks at the phenomenon of rising cross-border financial flows-credited with boosting growth in developing countries but also blamed for the emerging market crises of the late 1980s and 1990s. The lead article puts together a framework for analyzing studies about the costs and benefits of financial globalization. Other articles look at the worldwide allocation of capital, the role of finance in macroeconomic management, and changes in the investor base. "Picture This" illustrates the growth and direction of capital flows. One guest contributor describes India's capital account liberalization, and another looks at how participants in international finance can cope with a fluid financial landscape. "People in Economics" profiles Guillermo Calvo; "Back to Basics" explains the difference between the purchasing power parity exchange rate and market exchange rates as measures of global economic growth; and "Country Focus" spotlights Australia.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

The Two Faces of Financial Globalization looks at the phenomenon of rising cross-border financial flows-credited with boosting growth in developing countries but also blamed for the emerging market crises of the late 1980s and 1990s. The lead article puts together a framework for analyzing studies about the costs and benefits of financial globalization. Other articles look at the worldwide allocation of capital, the role of finance in macroeconomic management, and changes in the investor base. "Picture This" illustrates the growth and direction of capital flows. One guest contributor describes India's capital account liberalization, and another looks at how participants in international finance can cope with a fluid financial landscape. "People in Economics" profiles Guillermo Calvo; "Back to Basics" explains the difference between the purchasing power parity exchange rate and market exchange rates as measures of global economic growth; and "Country Focus" spotlights Australia.

International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

The Two Faces of Financial Globalization looks at the phenomenon of rising cross-border financial flows-credited with boosting growth in developing countries but also blamed for the emerging market crises of the late 1980s and 1990s. The lead article puts together a framework for analyzing studies about the costs and benefits of financial globalization. Other articles look at the worldwide allocation of capital, the role of finance in macroeconomic management, and changes in the investor base. "Picture This" illustrates the growth and direction of capital flows. One guest contributor describes India's capital account liberalization, and another looks at how participants in international finance can cope with a fluid financial landscape. "People in Economics" profiles Guillermo Calvo; "Back to Basics" explains the difference between the purchasing power parity exchange rate and market exchange rates as measures of global economic growth; and "Country Focus" spotlights Australia.

Mr. Barry J. Eichengreen

The Two Faces of Financial Globalization looks at the phenomenon of rising cross-border financial flows-credited with boosting growth in developing countries but also blamed for the emerging market crises of the late 1980s and 1990s. The lead article puts together a framework for analyzing studies about the costs and benefits of financial globalization. Other articles look at the worldwide allocation of capital, the role of finance in macroeconomic management, and changes in the investor base. "Picture This" illustrates the growth and direction of capital flows. One guest contributor describes India's capital account liberalization, and another looks at how participants in international finance can cope with a fluid financial landscape. "People in Economics" profiles Guillermo Calvo; "Back to Basics" explains the difference between the purchasing power parity exchange rate and market exchange rates as measures of global economic growth; and "Country Focus" spotlights Australia.